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Schriefl Andreas J - - 2012
The established method of polarized microscopy in combination with a universal stage is used to determine the layer-specific distributed collagen fibre orientations in 11 human non-atherosclerotic thoracic and abdominal aortas and common iliac arteries (63 ± 15.3 years, mean ± s.d.). A dispersion model is used to quantify over 37 ...
Chalouhi Nohra - - 2011
Given that relatives of patients with intracranial aneurysms (IAs) or subarachnoid hemorrhage have a greater risk of harboring an aneurysm, family screening has become a common practice in neurosurgery. Unclear data exist regarding who should be screened and at what age and interval screening should occur. Multiple factors including the ...
Granada Juan F - - 2011
Background: Drug-coated balloons are rapidly emerging as a therapeutic alternative for the interventional treatment of peripheral vascular disease. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that an angioplasty balloon coated with the mTOR inhibitor zotarolimus (ZCB) would inhibit neointimal hyperplasia in a novel injury-based superficial femoral artery ...
Mulders Ties A - - 2011
Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is characterized by slow progressive atherosclerosis and arterial thrombotic events, leading to occlusions. Whether either of these presentations is more likely in patients with a genetic predisposition for CVD is still unknown. We suggest that a genetic predisposition for CVD is related to recurrent events of ...
Morimoto Naoto - - 2011
A 39-year-old woman with familial homozygous hypercholesterolemia had supravalvular and valvular aortic stenosis. Modified Nick's procedure and aortic valve replacement was performed to relieve both the supravalvular and annular stenoses. At surgery, the ascending aorta was found to be narrowing at the level of the sinotubular junction, which was compatible ...
Morimoto Naoto - - 2011
A 72-year-old woman with a known history of homozygous familial hyperlipidemia (IIa) was referred to our hospital for an operation necessitated by aortic and mitral stenosis and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Computed tomography and cardiac catheterization revealed a heavily calcified aortic root and mitral annulus as well as a high-grade stenosis ...
Sokolis Dimitrios P - - 2011
The selection of a mathematical descriptor for the passive arterial mechanical behavior has been long debated in the literature and customarily constrained by lack of pertinent data on the underlying microstructure. Our objective was to analyze the response of carotid artery subjected to inflation/extension with phenomenological and microstructure-based candidate strain-energy ...
Leter E M - - 2011
We report three cases which highlight the complex considerations surrounding genetic counselling for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The first counselee developed PAH symptoms shortly after his daughter's death from PAH and was diagnosed with a delay of 1 year. An early diagnosis of familial PAH was established in the second counselee. ...
Murugan Paari - - 2011
Anomalous coronaries arising in nontruncal regions of the pulmonary artery are exceedingly rare. We report an autopsy case of an anomalous left coronary artery that arose from the distal pulmonary artery at the hilum of the left lung in an infant with complex congenital heart disease. To the best of ...
Nseir William - - 2011
Agenesis of the inferior vena cava (IVC) as a cause of recurrent deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is uncommon. A 33-year-old male with no family history of thrombophilia, who had experienced multiple recurrent episodes of DVT over a 15-year period of unknown cause, was admitted into our hospital because of cellulitis ...
Alves Cresio C Federal University of Bahia, Bahia, Brazil. - - 2011
A 4-year-old boy was evaluated for severe hypercholesterolemia (cholesterol: 831 mg/dL) and disseminated xanthomas. Both parents had hypercholesterolemia: mother (cholesterol: 308 mg/dL) and father (cholesterol: 281 mg/dL). There was no family history of cardiovascular disease. Skin examination showed: intertriginous xanthomas of feet and hands, tuberous xanthomas in knees and elbows, ...
Yang Fei-Yan - - 2010
Anomalous origin of left anterior descending (LAD) and left circumflex (LCX) coronary artery from two separate ostia in the right sinus of Valsalva (RSOV) with unusual dominant right coronary artery is an exceedingly rare congenital coronary anomaly. We report a case of a 69-year old woman who was admitted to ...
Manoharan B - - 2010
The presence of more than three coeliac trunk branches is a commonly encountered variant. Literature occasionally describes cases of middle or left colic arteries originating from the celiac trunks or its branches; however, the presence of an anomalous arterial connection between the celiac trunk and both the superior and inferior ...
Andreini Daniele - - 2010
We describe a case of a very anomalous origin of the left main coronary artery, misdiagnosed as occluded at previous invasive coronary angiography. Multidetector computed tomography coronary angiography demonstrated the vessel to be patent, with an anomalous origin from the commissural region between the right sinus of Valsalva and posterior ...
Kato Takumi - - 2010
To assess the ability of multidetector-row helical computed tomography to depict the esophageal artery. Patients with esophageal cancer (n = 88) underwent multidetector-row helical computed tomography. Degree of visualization, branching level, angle, and length of the esophageal artery were investigated. In 79 (89.8%) of 88 patients, a total of 146 ...
Zheng Jianyong - - 2011
This study aimed to illustrate the experience of treating children with anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA). The clinical data for 19 children with ALCAPA admitted to Beijing Anzhen Hospital from August 1993 to June 2009 were reviewed. According to the data, 47.4% (9/19) ...
Huang He - - 2011
The anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery is a rare congenital heart disease that affects 1 of 300,000 live births. We present the case of an 18-year-old female presenting with chest pain and dyspnea after vigorous exercise, and whose two-dimensional echocardiogram initially displayed a "normal ...
Yanagawa Bobby - - 2011
Abstract  A 27-year-old man with anomalous right coronary artery (RCA) presented with ventricular fibrillatory arrest. Computed tomography angiography revealed an anomalous RCA arising from the left sinus of Valsalva with an acute angulation at the coronary takeoff and compressed interarterial segment. This patient underwent a short saphenous vein coronary artery ...
Zheng Jian-yong - - 2010
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital heart anomaly. We aimed to illustrate the clinical features and long-term prognosis of patients with ALCAPA. Twenty three patients (13 males and 10 females, ages ranging from 2.5 months to 65 years) identified as ...
Mitropoulos Fotios A - - 2010
Anomalous origin of a pulmonary artery from the ascending aorta (AORPA) is a rare congenital cardiac malformation that needs prompt surgical repair; otherwise it is associated with poor prognosis. We describe 3 cases of AORPA that successfully underwent complete surgical correction without extracorporeal circulation.
Zhang L J - - 2010
Background and Objective. Dual-source CT (DSCT) has been used to detect coronary artery anomalies. The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of anomalous origin of the coronary artery in Chinese adults. Methods. We summarised all patients who underwent DSCT coronary angiography (CTCA) from December 2006 to February ...
Chen Kuan-chin Jean - - 2010
Anomalous coronary arteries that course between the aorta and pulmonary artery are subject to compressive forces and can manifest angina, myocardial infarction and sudden death. The current report presents a young, female patient who presented with a short duration of severe, rapidly progressive angina despite optimal medical therapy. Combined computed ...
Ozturk Ersin - - 2011
We aimed to investigate the variances in especially the origin, course and termination of the sinoatrial node (SAN) artery in this study, using coronary CT angiography. The coronary CT angiography images of 251 patients (190 men and 61 women; age range, 20-82 years; mean age, 54.4 ± 13.6 years) were retrospectively analyzed. The SAN ...
Mavroudis Constantine - - 2010
Congenital and acquired coronary artery anomalies are associated with significant morbidity and mortality and can be sudden in onset. The spectrum of congenital lesions include anomalous origin from the pulmonary artery, critical left main stenosis/atresia, coronary artery fistulas, anomalous aortic origin and intramyocardial courses. The spectrum of acquired lesions include ...
Yoon Sa Rah - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the characteristic multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) findings of anomalous double right coronary arteries (RCAs), an extremely rare variant. METHODS: During a 3-year period, 2569 patients with chest pain underwent MDCT coronary angiography. Five patients (0.2%) with anomalous double RCAs were found (mean age, 66 years; range, 43-81 ...
Sharma Ajay K - - 2010
A 36-year-old Hispanic man with no prior cardiac history presented with chest pain and then ventricular fibrillation requiring defibrillation after a physical altercation. His ECG on presentation to the emergency room was suggestive of Brugada syndrome, which later normalized. Cardiac catheterization revealed anomalous origin of right coronary artery from the ...
Clemente Alberto - - 2010
When the anomalous origin of coronary arteries (AOCA) is suspected in children (especially athletes), due to signs and symptoms of myocardial ischemia or on the basis of echocardiographic assessment, three-dimensional coronary magnetic resonance angiography (3D-CMRA) can be proposed for the fine morphological evaluation of coronary branches anatomy and course. We ...
Su Chieh-Shou - - 2010
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery arising from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital heart defect that affects approximately 1 in 300,000 live births and accounts for 0.5% of all congenital heart disease. Without surgical intervention, most patients with this anomaly die in infancy. The diagnosis of ...
Candemir Basar - - 2010
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in an anomalous right coronary artery (RCA) arising from the left sinus of Valsalva can be technically difficult because selective cannulation of the vessel may not be easy. We present a case of two consecutive successful stent implantations in an anomalous RCA arising from the posterior ...
Belli Emre - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Repair of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) carries a high risk of operation, particularly in those with poor left ventricular function. In this study, we assessed the outcomes of patients who presented with severe preoperative left ventricular dysfunction (shortening fraction <15%) who ...
Lemoine Tara J - - 2010
Alagille syndrome is a dominantly inherited multisystem disorder involving multiple organs including the liver, heart, eyes, face, and skeleton. Congenital heart defects, the majority of which are right-sided, contribute significantly to the mortality of these patients. We report a patient with Alagille syndrome who presented with mitral valve regurgitation requiring ...
Blanco Valerie M - - 2010
The echocardiographic diagnosis of anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) can be challenging. The aim of this study was to assess the hypothesis that diagnosis can be enhanced by using supplemental oxygen, which decreases pulmonary vascular resistance and increases retrograde flow from the coronary artery into the ...
Amir Gabriel - - 2010
Anomalous origin of one pulmonary artery from the ascending aorta is a rare cardiac anomaly in which the pulmonary artery abnormally arises from the ascending aorta. Physiologically, most patients develop signs of cardiac failure due to high flow to both lungs, with systemic or supra-systemic pressures in the normally connected ...
Rudan Diana - - 2010
Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery is a rare congenital anomaly that was first described in 1948 by White and Edwards. It is well established that an anomalous origin of the right coronary artery can lead to angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, or sudden death, in the absence of atherosclerosis. ...
Nasseri Boris A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) mechanical circulatory support (MCS) may be necessary after repair of anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. We evaluated LV function parameters for their ability to predict postoperative need for MCS. METHODS: Fourteen infants (median age, 3.6; range, 2.3 to 12 months) underwent direct aortic ...
Madhavan Karthik - - 2010
Understanding cerebrovascular anatomy and its variations is of utmost importance in treating vascular malformations. The two patients presented here demonstrate yet to be reported anomalous origins of the cortical branches of the posterior cerebral artery. In one patient, fetal calcarine arteries were identified arising from the internal carotid arteries bilaterally ...
Alessandri N - - 2010
The prevalence of anomalous coronary artery is approximately 0.6-1.7% in patients who undergo coronary angiography. These anomalies may cause angina, acute myocardial infarction, syncope and sudden death. Cocaine abuse is now a major health hazard: more than 5 million of Americans are current users. Cocaine abuse can result in coronary ...
Castorina Sergio - - 2010
In this paper, we describe two cases of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery and two cases of aneurysm on the left coronary artery. Detailed three-dimensional images were acquired by the multislice computed tomography (MSCT) SOMATOM Sensation Cardiac 64 during clinical studies of cardiac diseases.
Cox Daniel - - 2010
We present three cases of ductal origin of a pulmonary artery in the absence of associated structural heart disease. No geographic or genetic explanation for the temporal occurrence of these cases could be identified. This series illustrates the importance of angiography in achieving an accurate diagnosis as well as appropriate ...
Resley Justin - - 2010
Coronary arteries originating from the opposite coronary cusp and crossing the path between the aorta and the pulmonary artery are associated with ischemia and sudden cardiac death. An increased prevalence of these cases may be attributed to diagnostic advances in computed tomographic angiography (CTA). We report a retrospective review of ...
Al-Mohaissen Maha - - 2010
The anomalous origin of the entire coronary system by three separate ostia within the right coronary sinus is a very rare anomaly with only 34 cases reported in the literature to date. A patient with this rare anomaly who developed coronary artery disease, requiring revascularization, is presented. His coronary computed ...
Vuran Can - - 2010
We present a rare case of an anomalous origin of the right subclavian artery (SA) from the pulmonary artery (PA) associated with ventricular septal defect (VSD) and aortic coarctation. Critical aortic coarctation and VSD were diagnosed in a neonate, and coarctation angioplasty was successfully performed. Severe cardiac failure developed after ...
Kadakia Jigar J UCLA School of Medicine, Program Director, Division of Cardiology, Harbor-UCLA Medical - - 2013
Congenital coronary anomalies are uncommon but can cause sudden cardiac death or myocardial ischemia. Conventional coronary angiography is an invasive and expensive modality, sometimes unable to delineate the exact origin and course of an anomalous artery. In this case report, we describe an "extremely rare" anomaly of the right coronary ...
Battal B - - 2010
Aberrant bronchial arteries are rarely seen and may originate from various vascular structures. In our case, a 48-year-old man with recurrent chest pain underwent multidetector CT (MDCT) coronary angiography. MDCT images demonstrated an aberrant right bronchial artery originating from the right coronary artery. To our knowledge, this is the first ...
Morgan Gareth - - 2010
Pre-operative recognition of significant abnormalities of the coronary arteries is important in a variety of congenital cardiac conditions. Failure to diagnose anomalous origin of the coronary artery from the pulmonary artery during repair of other anomalies is important because reduction in pulmonary artery pressure will reduce myocardial perfusion pressure. We ...
Torres Felipe S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Conventional coronary angiography (CCA) may be inaccurate to distinguish between interarterial and septal subtypes of anomalous left coronary arteries (CAs). OBJECTIVE: We compared the classification of anomalous left CA arising from the right sinus of Valsalva (RSV) or right CA on the basis of multidetector computed tomography coronary angiography ...
D'Angeli Ilaria - - 2011
Right sinus origin of left coronary artery is a very uncommon congenital coronary anomaly. The presence of an associated totally occluded right coronary artery represents an exceedingly rare picture. An accurate morphologic identification of anomalous arteries, by multi-detector computed tomography, is mandatory before planning any therapeutic intervention. We report an ...
Meric Murat - - 2010
The single coronary artery is a benign and very rare coronary artery abnormality. Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery originating from the left anterior descending artery has been reported previously in just a few cases. In this article, we presented a patient with an anomalous origin of the right ...
Modi Harshit - - 2010
Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ARCAPA) is an uncommon congenital coronary artery anomaly. In contrast to anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA), most of the patients with ARCAPA remain asymptomatic. However, few cases of angina, heart failure and ...
Tao Liang - - 2010
A new technique to repair tetralogy of Fallot or double-outlet right ventricle with an anomalous right coronary artery arising from the left anterior descending coronary artery and crossing the right ventricular outflow tract is described. The right coronary artery was mobilized, transected, and re-implanted into the ascending aorta. The right ...
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