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Results 201 - 250 of 1010
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Korosoglou Grigorios - - 2008
Here we report for the first time on the diagnostic potential of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) to delineate the proximal course of an anomalous left circumflex coronary artery (LCX) originating from the right pulmonary artery in an adult patient with no other form of congenital heart disease. The patient was ...
Plastiras Sotiris C - - 2008
Coronary artery anomalies are found in 0.6% to 1.55% of patients who undergo coronary angiography, and the increasing use of diagnostic coronary angiography is uncovering even more such abnormalities. We present a very unusual case of an anomalous origin of the left circumflex coronary artery (LCx) from the proximal right ...
Seto Arnold H - - 2008
Ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is an unusual cause for congestive heart failure, and anomalous coronary arteries have rarely been found in association. A 47-year-old man developed sudden onset heart failure due to a ruptured noncoronary sinus of Valsalva fistula to the right atrium. Coronary angiography revealed an anomalous left ...
Komatsu Sei - - 2008
Anomalous coronary arteries are a rare condition, but they may cause myocardial ischemia, heart failure, and sudden death. We evaluated the prevalence and multislice computed tomographic (MSCT) findings of anomalous coronary arteries in a large number of patients from the multicenter registry. At four institutes, 29 (0.74%) out of 3910 ...
Marx Chakravarthy - - 2008
Dissection of a 65-year-old male cadaver revealed bilateral anomalous facial artery. The right facial artery taking origin from the external carotid artery did not make any loop in the submandibular region, entered the face by winding round the lower border of mandible, and terminated as the inferior labial artery. The ...
Luo Wan-Jun - - 2008
We describe a simple and cost-effective technique to repair anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the left coronary artery in tetralogy of Fallot. The proximal right coronary artery is re-implanted into the aorta after it is mobilized and transected. This technique avoids the use of conduits in infants ...
Sodian Ralf - - 2008
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital defect. This anomaly leads to a coronary hypoperfusion phenomenon and to substantial left ventricular dysfunction caused by abnormal perfusion of the left ventricle. The optimal surgical management of such cases is not clearly established. ...
Kurup Renu P - - 2008
Left ventricular dysfunction is almost invariably associated with anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) that presents during infancy. We report three cases of infants who presented with ALCAPA with relatively well-preserved left ventricular systolic function with a view to illustrate the mechanisms that help maintain ...
Basile Antonio - - 2008
PURPOSE: To prospectively assess the anatomic variation of the right inferior phrenic artery (RIPA) origin with multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) scans in relation to the technical and angiographic findings during transcatheter arterial embolization of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Two hundred patients with hepatocellular carcinomas were examined with 16-section CT during ...
Qamar Umair R - - 2009
We describe a 33-year-old male with angina pectoris who was found to have abnormal origin and course of right coronary artery from left aortic cusp. The abnormal origin was identified by conventional coronary angiography but the abnormal course of the vessel between ascending aorta and the main pulmonary artery was ...
Petscavage J M - - 2007
The celiomesenteric trunk is a rare congenital vascular anomaly characterized by a common origin of the celiac axis and superior mesenteric artery. We report two variants: one in which the left gastric artery arises from a short common trunk and a second where the left gastric artery originates directly from ...
Wu Qingyu - - 2007
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery is a rare congenital cardiac malformation that is commonly associated with mitral insufficiency. Direct implantation of the anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery into the aorta is ideal, but it may not be fit ...
Li Lei - - 2008
Anomalous origin of the left pulmonary artery from the ascending aorta is a rare congenital cardiac malformation and the direct reimplantation technique has been the strategy of choice, although postoperative restenosis across the anastomosis site is frequently observed. In the described case, a simple and feasible technique was used with ...
Ghalibafian Mithra - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To increase heart and coronary artery protection in patients with mediastinal Hodgkin lymphoma treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with early-stage mediastinal Hodgkin lymphoma entered the study. IMRT was delivered to the initially involved lymph node volumes. Various virtual volumes (VVs) were designed ...
Garty Y - - 2008
We describe a previously unreported neonatal presentation of an anomalous origin of the left coronary artery arising from the pulmonary artery. This is a full-term female infant after normal pregnancy and delivery. The baby was diagnosed at 2 days of age due to weak femoral pulses noted on the routine ...
Saremi Farhood - - 2008
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the depiction of anatomic characteristics of the arterial supply to the sinuatrial node (SAN) and the atrioventricular node (AVN) with 64-section computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved this HIPAA-compliant study; informed consent was not required. Anatomic origin, number, course, and variants ...
Kawanishi Yasuo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between variations of the pelvic artery arrangement and the age at erectile dysfunction (ED) onset, as some men develop ED while relatively young, while others maintain erectile function into old age despite having cardiovascular diseases, thus congenital factors might be involved. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We ...
Okumura Yusuke - - 2007
To perform transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) successfully, it is important to obtain information about parasitic arterial supply to the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Among these extrahepatic collateral vessels, the right inferior phrenic artery (RIPA) is the most frequent and important extrahepatic collateral artery supplying the HCC. In the present study, we ...
Gulati Rajeev - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Patients with a coronary artery arising from the wrong sinus are susceptible to ischemia and sudden death. Risk is higher when the artery courses interarterially--between the pulmonary artery and aorta--has an intramural course, or has an abnormal orifice. In single coronary ostium without intramural course, unroofing and coronary reimplantation ...
Chen Jack P - - 2007
Anomalous coronary arteries are rare and usually incidental angiographic findings. Their clinical importance lies in the potential risk for sudden cardiac death, especially if the course is interarterial (between the aorta and pulmonary artery). In these situations, coronary bypass surgery is the recommended treatment. When percutaneous interventions are undertaken, however, ...
Guo Hong-Wei - - 2007
Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery is a rare cardiac malformation. Between July 2002 and July 2005, we operated on 4 patients with this defect. There were 2 males and 2 females, aged from 18 months to 42 years. Three patients underwent direct re-implantation of ...
Canbay Alper - - 2008
Anomalous right coronary artery is a rare entity with an incidence of 0.26%. The anomalous origin usually arises from the left sinus valsalva. An anomalous right coronary artery arising from the left anterior descending artery is rare. It is usually known as a benign entity but may have clinical importance ...
Gambetta Katheryn - - 2008
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery is a well-known cause of sudden death. Noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium is a cardiomyopathy characterized by prominent trabeculae and deep intertrabecular recesses. Both anomalies are rare. We report the case of a child with both anomalous origin of the left coronary artery ...
Friedman Alan H - - 2007
The coronary arteries, the vessels through which both substrate and oxygen are provided to the cardiac muscle, normally arise from paired stems, right and left, each arising from a separate and distinct sinus of the aortic valve. The right coronary artery runs through the right atrioventricular groove, terminating in the ...
Varghese Philip - - 2007
We report the case of an 8-month-old infant who was referred for mechanical circulatory support (extracorporeal membrane oxygenation). Aortogram was compatible with the diagnosis of anomalous origin of left coronary artery to pulmonary trunk. A definitive diagnosis of atresia of the left coronary ostium was only established intraoperatively. Patient underwent ...
Graidis Christos - - 2007
Coronary arterial anomalies occur in approximately 1% of the population, without other congenital cardiac malformations. We report our experience involving 1 patient who had a totally occluded anomalous right coronary artery arising from the left sinus of Valsalva which was successfully treated with the implantation of multiple overlapping drug-eluting stents ...
Kimura S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: No previous report has described the level of the origin of the right inferior phrenic artery (RIPA) based on an analysis of the relationships between the level of the RIPA, the celiac artery (CA), the superior mesenteric artery (SMA), and the right renal artery (RRA) in a series of ...
Matsumoto Naoya - - 2008
The left main coronary artery (LMCA) arising either from the right sinus of Valsalva, separately from the right coronary artery (RCA), or from the RCA as a single coronary artery is an extremely rare coronary artery anomaly. We report 2 cases of anomalous origins of the LMCA detected by multidetector-row ...
Ferreira António M - - 2008
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and anomalous origin of the coronary arteries are important causes of sudden cardiac death in the young, for which several diagnostic imaging modalities are currently available. We report the case of a young sudden cardiac death survivor in whom the unusual coexistence of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and anomalous origin ...
Moustafa Sherif E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Isolated anomalous left main coronary artery (ALMCA) from the right aortic sinus of Valsalva (RASV) with an interarterial course between the pulmonary trunk and aorta is a rare congenital abnormality. We performed an evidence based systematic overview spanning 4 decades to assess the prevalence, clinical features and management of ...
Latsios George - - 2008
Anomalous origin of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) from the right sinus of Valsalva (RSOV) represents in about 2 per 10,000 patients undergoing diagnostic cardiac catheterization. This rare anomaly correlates with sudden cardiac death after exercise and angina. We describe the case of a middle-aged woman, suffering from typical ...
Soon Kean H - - 2008
Anomalous coronary arteries with an inter-arterial course are associated with sudden cardiac death. We reported a study comparing the accuracy of fluoroscopic coronary angiography (FCA) with that of multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) coronary angiography in determining the proximal course of anomalous coronary arteries. Twelve patients with thirteen anomalous coronary arteries ...
Nathan M - - 2007
Anomalous aortic origin of one of the coronary arteries is uncommon. There have been few reports of the left coronary artery arising from the noncoronary sinus. The occurrence of Prinzmetal's angina in association with anomalous aortic origin is extremely rare. We report a case of such a combination and discuss ...
McLaughlin Nancy - - 2007
The authors report the case of a 34-year-old woman who presented with increasing headaches. Neuroimaging revealed bilateral anomalous vessels arising at the level of each ophthalmic artery, coursing rostromedially to join the anterior communicating artery (ACA), which harbored an aneurysm. Intraoperatively, the authors identified an abnormal gyral segmentation of the ...
Erdogan Okan - - 2008
A 44-year-old woman with hypertension was admitted because of recent onset chest pain. Coronary angiography revealed an anomalous right coronary artery originating as a separate branch from the left anterior descending artery. Associated with the present case all published case reports were thoroughly investigated and presented as a review of ...
Lilje Christian - - 2007
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery is a rare lesion. Untreated, up to 90% of patients die before 1 year of age. The Takeuchi operation and direct coronary artery reimplantation have resulted in low mortality rates and excellent functional outcome. We present the case of ...
Tavora Fabio - - 2008
Origin of both coronary arteries from a branch of the pulmonary artery is rare and has not been reported as a cause of sudden unexpected death. We report autopsy findings of a 14-day male infant in previously good health who died suddenly. From the proximal right pulmonary artery arose a ...
Cowles Robert A - - 2007
The landmark 1933 case report from Massachusetts General Hospital by Bland, White and Garland (Am Heart J 8:787-801) described a 3-month-old child with progressive feeding problems, cardiomegaly on chest radiography, and EKG evidence of left ventricular damage. Of interest was the fact that the vigilant father of the infant was ...
Pérez Edwin I - - 2007
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (Bland-White Garland Syndrome) is extremely rare. With surgical reestablishment of two-coronary system on diagnosis yields excellent results with progressive nearly total myocardial recovery. A 30-year-old woman was admitted to hospital due to shortness of breath, ortopnea and increased abdominal ...
Sabbath Adam M - - 2007
A 24-year-old woman presented with a recent increase in dyspnea on exertion and development of presyncope. The patient stated that she has reproducible episodes of dizziness and near fainting when she climbs a flight of stairs and activity is limited to a slow gait.
Schrale Ryan G - - 2007
We report the case of a 42-year-old female with proven anterior ischemia and an anomalous origin of the left main coronary artery (ALMCA) who underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance. Angiographic and IVUS images demonstrate features unique to the ALMCA. The epidemiology, pathophysiology, evaluation and ...
Fiorilli Rosario - - 2007
A 54-year-old male was admitted to our department for stable angina. Coronary angiography and 16-slice computed tomography revealed an abnormal origin of the right coronary artery from the left sinus of Valsalva, coursing between the aorta and the pulmonary trunk and then giving origin to the left circumflex coronary artery. ...
McClard Karen - - 2007
Abnormal origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare coronary anomaly in children that requires necessary and urgent repair. We report a child who was hospitalized with respiratory failure due respiratory syncytial viral (RSV) infection and was subsequently diagnosed with ALCAPA. Aggressive treatment for ...
Shah Qaisar A - - 2007
Anomalous courses, anastomoses, and origins of the middle meningeal artery have often been described in the literature; however origin from the basilar artery or its branches is exceedingly rare with only five previous reports. We describe a middle meningeal artery originating from a large lateral pontine branch of the basilar ...
Angeli Emanuela - - 2008
Anomalous origin of coronary arteries is a rare congenital defect and usually presents as an isolated defect. In only 5% of cases, it may be associated with other cardiac anomalies. In this article, we present a case of a newborn with a very complex congenital cardiac disease accompanied with an ...
Gabbieri Davide - - 2008
We describe the case of a 2-month-old infant with the rare association of aortopulmonary window and anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. The diagnosis was made by angiography and surgical repair was carried on employing the Takeuchi procedure. The angiographic control obtained 5 years after ...
Qamar Umair R - - 2007
Anomalous coronary arteries are a rare but recognized cause of myocardial ischemia and sudden death. Most patients with coronary anomalies remain asymptomatic because the anomaly either does not produce any symptoms during life or the first manifestation is sudden death. Noninvasive imaging plays crucial role in diagnosis of the potentially ...
Berbarie Rafic F - - 2007
We present the case of a 31-year-old man undergoing a chest pain evaluation. This report illustrates how 64-slice computed tomographic coronary angiography (CTCA) can aid in the management of patients with equivocal stress test results. It also describes how CTCA can accurately determine the origin and course of an anomalous ...
Türkmen N - - 2007
Coronary artery anomalies that may be an isolated defect or part of complex congenital malformations of the heart are also often associated with a high risk of sudden death. A 19-year-old woman lost consciousness in the night. She was taken to hospital where she was treated. However, she died on ...
Angelini Paolo - - 2007
Of the different kinds of coronary anomalies observed in adults, anomalous origin of a coronary artery from the opposite sinus of Valsalva with an "interarterial" course (ACAOS) entails a high risk of clinical consequences related to the intramural course of the ectopic coronary artery. We review current imaging modalities for ...
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