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Muga Miriam Adoyo - - 2014
Altered plasma lipids, oxidative stress, and inflammation have been involved in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Fish oil has shown inconclusive effects on plasma lipids and oxidative stress. Spirulina has both cholesterol lowering and antioxidant properties. However, the effect of fish oil and spirulina on hypercholesterolemia has not been studied. ...
Bayemi Pougue Henri PH Institute of Agricultural Research for Development, P O Box 2067, Yaounde, Cameroon, - - 2014
Seventy-two cows were selected for an on-farm study on the effect of feed supplementation before calving on milk production, ovarian activity and calf growth of Holstein, indigenous Red Fulani cows and their crosses. Pre-partum feed supplementation was done using cotton seed cake (80 %), maize (18 %), bone meal (1 %) and kitchen ...
Walti Carla C Division of Endocrinology, Diabetology, and Metabolism, University Hospital , Basel , - - 2014
Abstract Context/objective: To clarify ambiguous published data, we determined whether standardized nutrient intake influences serum copeptin concentrations. Materials/methods: Thirty healthy volunteers underwent oral glucose tolerance testing (OGTT) and mixed-meal tolerance testing (MMTT), respectively drinking 300 ml/237 ml of glucose-containing or fat/protein/carbohydrate-containing fluid. Copeptin was measured 30 min pre-("baseline")-180 min post-fluid intake. Results: Median [25th-75th ...
Wesoly Raffael R University of Hohenheim, Institute of Animal Husbandry and Animal Breeding, Department of Behavioral Physiology of Farm Animals, Garbenstrasse 17, D-70593 Stuttgart, - - 2014
Boar taint in carcasses may vary between farms and abattoirs, although the underlying mechanisms are not yet fully understood. In the present study, 169 boars from three farms were split into two groups and slaughtered at two abattoirs. Duration of transport and the time between arrival at the abattoir and ...
Qiu Yifu Y Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158-9001, - - 2014
Beige fat, which expresses the thermogenic protein UCP1, provides a defense against cold and obesity. Although a cold environment is the physiologic stimulus for inducing beige fat in mice and humans, the events that lead from the sensing of cold to the development of beige fat remain poorly understood. Here, ...
Martínez-González Miguel Á MÁ From the Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain (M.A.M.-G., E.T., P.B.-C., A.A.); the PREDIMED (Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea) Research Network (M.A.M.-G., E.T., F.A., J.S.-S., J.F.-C., N.B., P.B.-C., V.R.-G., A.A.) and Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (M.A.M.-G., E.T., F.A., M. Fiol, D.C., J.S.-S., E.R., M.I.C., J.F.-C., J.L., M.A.M., M. Fitó, L.S.-M., X.P., R.M.L.-R., J.V.S., N.B., P.B.-C., V.R.-G., R.E., A.A.), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; Department of Cardiology, University Hospital of Alava, Vitoria, Spain (F.A.); Institute of Health Sciences, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Palma, Palma de Mallorca, Spain (M.Fiol); Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain (D.C., J.V.S.); Human Nutrition Unit, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Biochemistry Biotechnology Department, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, and Hospital Universitari de Sant Joan de Reus, IISPV, Reus, Spain (J.S.-S., N.B.); Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Hospital Clinic (E.R., R.E.) and Department of Nutrition and Food Science, School of Pharmacy, Xarxa de Referència en Tecnologia dels Aliments, Instituto de Investigación en Nutrición y Seguridad Alimentaria (R.M.L.-R.), University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Cardiovascular and Nutrition Research Group, Institut de Recerca Hospital del Mar, and Primary Care Division of Barcelona. Institut Català de la Salut and IDiap-Jordi Gol, Barcelona, Spain (M.I.C., M.A.M., M. Fitó); Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain (J.F.-C.); Department of Family Medicine, Primary Care Division of Seville, San Pablo Health Center, Seville, Spain (J.L.); Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas, Spain (L.S.-M.); Lipids and Vascular Risk Unit, Internal Medicine, - - 2014
The PREDIMED (Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea) randomized primary prevention trial showed that a Mediterranean diet enriched with either extravirgin olive oil or mixed nuts reduces the incidence of stroke, myocardial infarction, and cardiovascular mortality. We assessed the effect of these diets on the incidence of atrial fibrillation in the PREDIMED ...
Corona Edith E Grupo de Análisis y Simulación de Procesos Agroalimentarios, Dept. Tecnología de Alimentos, Univ. Politècnica de València, Camí de Vera s/n, E46022, Valencia, - - 2014
In this work, the feasibility of using ultrasonic velocity measurements for characterizing and differentiating the crystallization pattern in 2 pork backfats (Montanera and Cebo Iberian fats) during cold storage (0 °C, 2 °C, 5 °C, 7 °C, and 10 °C) was evaluated. The fatty acid profile, thermal behavior, and textural ...
Silverstein Marnie G MG From the 1Integrative Physiology and Pharmacology Graduate Program, Section on Comparative Medicine, Department of Pathology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC; and 2Section on Comparative Medicine, Department of Pathology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, - - 2014
Soy isoflavones are commonly used to alleviate menopause-related symptoms. Postmenopausal women are at increased risk for hypothyroidism, and there are concerns that isoflavones may be detrimental to thyroid health. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of soy protein and isoflavones on thyroid function and the relationship ...
Iacobellis G G Department of Medicine, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, - - 2014
Obesity is a well-known risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF). Epicardial fat, the true visceral fat depot of the heart, has been associated with changes in both cardiac function and morphology. In this study, we evaluated whether ultrasound-measured epicardial fat thickness is related to AF and ...
Kolypetri Panayota P Division of Endocrinology, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's NL, Canada, A1B 3V6; Division of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's NL, Canada, A1B - - 2014
Recent studies have shown that high salt (HS) intake exacerbates experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and have raised the possibility that a HS diet may comprise a risk factor for autoimmune diseases in general. In this report, we have examined whether a HS diet regimen could exacerbate murine autoimmune thyroiditis, including spontaneous ...
Ravussin Yann Y Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Obesity Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
Homeotherms have specific mechanisms to maintain a constant core body temperature despite changes in thermal environment, food supply, and metabolic demand. Brown adipose tissue, the principal thermogenic organ, quickly and efficiently increases heat production by dissipating the mitochondrial proton motive force. It has been suggested that activation of brown fat, ...
Murthy Sindhoora S Whiting School of Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, - - 2014
Although atrial fibrillation (AF) triggers are known, the underlying AF substrate is less well understood. The goal of our study was to explore correlations between electrophysiological and structural characteristics of atria in patients with paroxysmal AF and individuals at AF risk. Patients in sinus rhythm (N = 90; age 57 ...
Méjean Caroline - - 2013
The role of differences in diet on the relationship between socioeconomic factors and cardiovascular diseases remains unclear. We studied the contribution of diet and other lifestyle factors to the explanation of socioeconomic inequalities in cardiovascular diseases. We prospectively examined the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke events amongst ...
Newson Rs - - 2013
Salt reduction is important for reducing hypertension and the risk of cardiovascular events, nevertheless worldwide salt intakes are above recommendations. Consequently strategies to reduce intake are required, however these require an understanding of salt intake behaviours to be effective. As limited information is available on this, an international study was ...
Arora Pankaj P Cardiology Division, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, - - 2013
Numerous common genetic variants have been linked to blood pressure, but no underlying mechanism has been elucidated. Population studies have revealed that the variant rs5068 (A/G) in the 3' untranslated region of NPPA, the gene encoding atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), is associated with blood pressure. We selected individuals on the ...
Kang Grace - - 2013
Background: As defined by the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) 1997 such substances as herbs and dietary supplements fall under general FDA supervision but have not been closely regulated to date. We examined the thyroid hormone content in readily available dietary health supplements marketed for "thyroid support". Methods: ...
Wang Xiang - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cholesterol levels are inconsistently associated with the risk of hemorrhagic stroke. The purpose of this study is to assess their relationships using a meta-analytic approach. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Embase for pertinent articles published in English. Only prospective studies that reported effect estimates with 95% confidential ...
Croxford Andrew L AL Institute of experimental Immunology, University of Zurich, Zurich, - - 2013
Two recent publications suggest that dietary salt may polarize TH17 cells and therefore increase the risk of developing autoimmune disease. Where low salt diets can readily be tested for their therapeutic effects in autoimmune disease, more work is needed to connect dietary salts with the development of immunopathology.
Wu Jianwei - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To compare the predictive value of serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and nonhigh-density lipoprotein (non-HDL) cholesterol levels for ischemic stroke in the Chinese population. METHODS: We performed a four-year cohort study of 95 778 men and women, aged 18-98 years, selected from the Kailuan study (2006-2007). Baseline LDL cholesterol ...
Devore Elizabeth E EE Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2013
To evaluate total antioxidant capacity of the diet, measured by the ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay, in relation to risks of dementia and stroke, as well as key structural brain volumes, in the elderly. We prospectively studied 5,395 participants in the Rotterdam Study, aged 55 years and older, who were ...
Na Jianbo - - 2013
Diets high in carbohydrates have long been linked to progressive heart dysfunction, yet the mechanisms by which chronic high sugar leads to heart failure remain poorly understood. Here we combine diet, genetics, and physiology to establish an adult Drosophila melanogaster model of chronic high sugar-induced heart disease. We demonstrate deterioration ...
Larsson Susanna C - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes current epidemiologic evidence regarding the associations of dietary fat and other nutrients with risk of stroke. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent epidemiologic studies show no association of total fat intake or absolute intakes of saturated, monounsaturated, or polyunsaturated fat with risk of stroke. Data on long-chain ...
Suter Melissa A MA Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2012
Thyroid hormone (TH) is an essential regulator of both fetal development and energy homeostasis. Although the association between subclinical hypothyroidism and obesity has been well studied, a causal relationship has yet to be established. Using our well-characterized nonhuman primate model of excess nutrition, we sought to investigate whether maternal high-fat ...
Xu Wei-Hua - - 2012
Developmental arrest, a critical component of the life cycle in animals as diverse as nematodes (dauer state), insects (diapause), and vertebrates (hibernation), results in dramatic depression of the metabolic rate and a profound extension in longevity. Although many details of the hormonal systems controlling developmental arrest are well-known, we know ...
Harris Ruth B S RB Department of Physiology, Georgia Health Sciences University, 1120 15th Street, Augusta, GA 30912, USA. - - 2013
In 1959 Hervey hypothesized that a circulating feedback signal informed the hypothalamus of the size of fat stores and initiated appropriate corrections to energy balance. The hypothesis resulted from a parabiosis study in which one animal became obese following lesioning of the ventromedial hypothalamus. The partner of the lesioned rat ...
Ruiz-Capillas Claudia - - 2012
Biogenic amines in low- and reduced-fat dry fermented sausages made with konjac gel (KG) as pork backfat replacer were studied. An increase (P<0.05) was observed in the microbial count during the fermentation process reaching levels of over 8 Log cfu/g of total viable microorganisms and lactic acid bacteria. However, no ...
Cao Zhiqiang - - 2012
Non-ionic polyethylene glycol (PEG) as a stealth polymer destabilizes liposomes due to its amphiphilic property. As a result, PEGylated liposomes have to be further stabilized, such as by using a large amount cholesterol. This is a long existing dilemma faced by PEG. In this work, we showed that zwitterionic poly(carboxybetaine) ...
Bao Yilu - - 2012
Cultivation of Spirulina platensis using ammonium salts or wastewater containing ammonium as alternative nitrogen sources is considered as a commercial way to reduce the production cost. In this research, by analyzing the relationship between biomass production and ammonium- N consumption in the fed-batch culture of Spirulina platensis using ammonium bicarbonate ...
Kuo Yung-Chih - - 2012
Application of cationic solid lipid nanoparticles (CSLNs), comprising complex internal matrix and lipid-regulated external surface, is an intriguing issue in current bionanotechnology. This study presents dissolution kinetics of saquinavir (SQV) from CSLNs with cholesterol-mediated esterquat 1 (EQ 1) and biocompatibility of SQV-loaded CSLNs with human brain-microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs). CSLNs ...
Park Yoon Shin - - 2012
Ongoing research has gradually recognized and understood the importance of adipose tissue (AT) angiogenesis as a key modulating factor of adipogenesis in the development of obesity. Previously, we carried out the first in vitro demonstration of the down-regulation of hypoxic angiogenesis during adipogenesis using cell-permeable chemical conjugates composed of antisense ...
Delgado-Pando G - - 2012
Low-fat pork liver pâtés enriched with n-3 PUFA/konjac gel were formulated by replacing (total or partially) pork backfat by a combination of healthier oils (olive, linseed and fish oils) and konjac gel. Dynamic rheological properties and technological behaviour of pâtés during chill storage (2°C, 85days) were analysed. Cooking yields were ...
Dal'ava Natália - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is little information about body weight and body composition (BC) among users of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS). The aim of this study was to evaluate body weight and BC in LNG-IUS users compared to users of the TCu380A intrauterine device (IUD). STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study was ...
Camargo Mariana G - - 2012
The formulations of acaripathogenic fungi to control ticks have been widely studied. The present study evaluated the efficacy of oil-based formulations of Metarhizium anisopliae sensu lato (s.l.), isolate Ma 959, and Beauveria bassiana, isolate Bb 986, on different Rhipicephalus microplus stages, comparing the efficacy between aqueous suspensions and 10, 15 ...
Bays Harold - - 2012
Abstract Background: A potentially atherogenic lipid profile often found in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) includes increased concentrations of small, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL) and decreased concentration of medium/large high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles. Extended-release niacin/laropiprant (ERN/LRPT) lowers LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglycerides (TG), and raises HDL ...
Chaudhury M F - - 2012
The waste artificial larval rearing media of New World screwworms, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) were evaluated to determine their effectiveness as oviposition attractants. Various concentrations of waste larval media resulting from rearing screwworm larvae in gel and cellulose fiber-based artificial diets tested over a 4-wk period attracted varying number of gravid ...
Frank Damian Conrad - - 2012
The presence of fat in food plays an important role in the way aroma is released during consumption and in the creation of the overall sensory impression. Fat acts as a reservoir for lipophilic volatile compounds and modulates the timing and delivery of aroma compounds in a unique manner. Despite ...
Calasso Maria - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study aimed at investigating the effect of corn, rice and amaranth gluten-free (GF) sourdoughs on the release of nitric oxide (NO) and synthesis of pro-inflammatory cytokines by duodenal mucosa biopsies of eight coeliac disease (CD) patients. METHODS: Selected lactic acid bacteria were used as starters for the manufacture ...
Mocchegiani Eugenio E Ctr. Nutrition and Ageing, Italian National Research Centres on Ageing (INRCA), Via Birarelli 8, 60121, Ancona, Italy. - - 2013
The diet in the elderly does not provide a sufficient level of nutrients needed to maintain an adequate healthy status leading to micronutrient deficiencies and impaired immune response with subsequent development of degenerative diseases. Nutrient "zinc" is a relevant micronutrient involved in maintaining a good integrity of many body homeostatic ...
Panariello Fabio - - 2012
Schizophrenia is a chronic and disabling mental illness affecting millions of people worldwide. A greater proportion of people with schizophrenia tends to be overweight. Antipsychotic medications have been considered the primary risk factor for obesity in schizophrenia, although the mechanisms by which they increase weight and produce metabolic disturbances are ...
Sellami Mohamed - - 2012
Food industries aim to replace trans fat in their products by formulations having equivalent functionality and economic viability. Enzymatic transesterification can be a technological option to produce trans free fats targeting commercial applications. Palm stearin and palm olein blends in different ratios were enzymatically transesterified in a solvent free system ...
Tian Jun-Ce - - 2012
The commercial release of rice genetically engineered to express a Cry1Ab protein from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) for control of Lepidoptera in China is a subject of debate. One major point of the debate has focused on the ecological safety of Bt rice on nontarget organisms, especially predators and parasitoids that ...
- - 2011
Many patients ask their healthcare providers whether they should take vitamins. Since the last Medical Letter article on this subject, more data have become available on the benefits and risks of taking vitamins.
Worthington Michelle Lee - - 2011
Most agree that enteral nutrition is the ideal way to feed critically ill patients who have a functional gastrointestinal tract, but selecting the appropriate enteral formula can be difficult. Specifically, the use of immune-modulating diets has brought much excitement as well as debate. Literature to date presents both positive and ...
van der Kramer Vanessa - - 2011
Maintaining adequate levels of nutrition is particularly important over the winter months when older people can be particularly vulnerable. This article discusses ways of encouraging healthy eating among elderly people and suggests tips for a balanced and nutritious diet.
Hooper Lora V - - 2011
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is responsible for the toxic effects of environmental pollutants such as dioxin, but little is known about its normal physiological functions. Li et al. (2011) now show that specific dietary compounds present in cruciferous vegetables act through the AhR to promote intestinal immune function, revealing AhR ...
Macfarlane Amanda J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B-12 is an important cofactor required for nucleotide and amino acid metabolism. Vitamin B-12 deficiency causes anemia and neurologic abnormalities-a cause for concern for the elderly, who are at increased risk of vitamin B-12 malabsorption. Vitamin B-12 deficiency is also associated with an increased risk of neural tube ...
Walsh Michelle - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study examined the body composition, nutritional knowledge, behaviors, attitudes, and educational needs of senior schoolboy rugby players in Ireland. METHODS: Participants included 203 male rugby players age 15-18 yr competing at Senior School's Cup level in Leinster, Ireland. Estimation of body composition included measurement of height, weight, and ...
Rajakumar Kumaravel K Division of General Academic Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, 4401 Penn Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15224, USA. - - 2011
Seasonal variation of vitamin D status and adequacy of dietary vitamin D and impact of race on maintaining vitamin D sufficiency was assessed in 140 healthy 6- to 12-year-old African American (AA) and Caucasian (C) children residing in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania during summer and winter. Vitamin D insufficiency was not rare ...
Nakamura Noriko - - 2011
Intestinal methanogenesis is one of the major pathways for consumption of hydrogen produced by bacterial fermentation and is considered to affect the efficiency of host energy harvest; however, little information is available regarding the hydrogenotrophic pathways of nonhuman primates in the wild, in general, and of howler monkeys, in particular. ...
Hooda Seema - - 2011
Relative contributions of two functional properties, viscosity and fermentability of dietary fibre, on apparent ileal digestibility (AID), apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD), digesta passage rate, N retention and SCFA concentration have not been established. Thus, eight ileal-cannulated pigs randomised in a double 4 × 4 Latin square were fed four diets based ...
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