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Koury Olivia Hanna OH Department of Exercise Science, Concordia University, 7141 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, QC, H4B 1R6, - - 2014
Atherosclerosis remains the leading cause of severe cardiovascular complications such as cardio- and cerebrovascular events. Given that prevention and early intervention play important roles in the reduction of cardiovascular complications associated with atherosclerosis, it is critical to better understand how to target the modifiable risk factors, such as diet, in ...
Brooks Merrian J - - 2014
Abstract Acquired hypothyroidism secondary to iodine deficiency is rarely reported in iodine-replete environments. The case of a 9-year-old patient with severe acquired hypothyroidism due to iodine deficiency is presented. His deficiency occurred because of a restrictive diet used to control eosinophilic esophagitis. Hypothyroidism and iodine deficiency were quickly corrected with ...
Sahasakul Yuraporn Y Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido - - 2014
Lactobacilli are indigenous microbes of the stomach of rodents, with much lower numbers being present in mice fed a purified diet than in those fed a non-purified diet. We postulated that gastric emptying (GE) is responsible for the different colonisation levels of lactobacilli and tested this hypothesis in the present ...
Ferenczi Katalin K Department of Dermatology, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, - - 2014
Nodular cystic fat necrosis is a rare, benign form of encapsulated fat necrosis with distinct histology, characterized by cystic fat necrosis with lipomembranous changes and, in later stages, calcification. We report the case of a 7-year-old child with juvenile dermatomyositis who presented with three asymptomatic, firm, mobile nodules on the ...
Ferreira A P A AP Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira (IMIP), - - 2014
Objective:To correlate abdominal subcutaneous and visceral fat thickness with anthropometric data and metabolic profile in newborns.Study design:A cross-sectional study with 99 newborns was performed at Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira, Brazil. Abdominal subcutaneous and visceral thickness were measured by ultrasound. Glucose, insulin, homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), total ...
Packialakshmi B B Cell and Molecular Biology Program, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville 72701 Department of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville - - 2014
Avian bile is rich in matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), the enzymes that cleave extracellular matrix proteins such as collagens and proteoglycans. Changes in bile MMP expression have been correlated with hepatic and gall bladder pathologies, but the significance of their expression in normal, healthy bile is not understood. We hypothesized that ...
Brennick Michael J MJ Center for Sleep and Circadian Neurobiology ; Division of Sleep - - 2014
Obesity is the most important risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and the effects of obesity may be mediated by tongue fat. Our objective was to examine the effects of obesity on upper airway structures in obese (OBZ) and non-obese (NBZ) Zucker rats. Animal study. Academic Medical Center. OBZ ...
Salimzadeh Ahmad A Rheumatology Research Center, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
The presence of a direct relationship between body mass index (BMI) and bone mineral density (BMD) is frequently reported. However, data on the relationship between visceral fat and bone density varies, with positive, negative or no relationship having been reported. This study aims to examine the relationship between abdominal visceral ...
Epplein Meira M a Division of Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center and Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine , Nashville , Tennessee , - - 2014
Evidence for the association of diet and gastric cancer is equivocal, and the majority of previous studies have not evaluated the interaction of diet and infection with Helicobacter pylori, the leading risk factor for gastric cancer. We examined these associations among 226 cases and 451 controls nested within a prospective ...
Meyer-Gerspach Anne C AC Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel, 4031 Basel, Switzerland; Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Hospital Basel, 4031 Basel, - - 2014
The gastrointestinal tract plays a key role in feelings of satiation. It is known that there is a reciprocal interaction between the stomach and intestine, but it is not known which factors are of gastric origin and which are intestinal. This three-step study therefore sought to provide illumination on satiation ...
Coyne John D - - 2013
Membranous fat necrosis is an unusual type of fat necrosis occurring in the breast and normally involves the parenchyma. This report describes an apparently unique intraductal focus in a fibroadenoma following prior needling. Displacement of fatty tissue in the form of membranous fat necrosis within ducts could be added to ...
Cakmakci Emin - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate the diagnostic significance of visualization of periesophageal fat pad in ultrasonography or computed tomography for sliding hiatal hernias. Forty-six controls and 21 esophageal hiatal hernia patients were compared in terms of sonographic and tomographic esophageal diameters. We suggest that absence of ...
Loke Song-Seng SS Song-Seng Loke, Department of Family Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung 833, - - 2013
To investigate whether erosive esophagitis is correlated with metabolic syndrome and its components, abnormal liver function, and lipoprotein profiles. We conducted a cross-sectional, case control study of subjects who underwent upper endoscopy during a health examination at the Health Management and Evaluation Center of a tertiary medical care facility located ...
Kotzampassi Katerina - - 2013
Here we present the case of Candida albicans colonization on an intragastric balloon placed for weight loss. A 52-year-old obese woman achieved a BMI reduction of 10.9 kg/m(2) within 7 months as a result of a BioEnterics Intragastric Balloon and a well-balanced, low-calorie diet. During endoscopy for balloon removal, the balloon, which ...
Raghavendra Chikkanna K CK Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition, CSIR - Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore - 570 020, - - 2014
Providing a lithogenic diet that contains 0.5% cholesterol to experimental mice for 10 weeks resulted in cholesterol supersaturation in gallbladder bile, which induced the formation of cholesterol gallstones. In this study, to evaluate the anti-cholelithogenic potential of dietary tender cluster bean, a freeze-dried powder of the test legume was included ...
Tanaka Koji - - 2013
Noncancerous causes of death, such as cerebrovascular or cardiac disease, are not rare in patients with gastric cancer who had undergone curative gastrectomy. Metabolic syndrome, characterized by visceral fat accumulation, is a risk factor for cerebrovascular and cardiac diseases. However, there is limited information on the effects of reconstruction procedures ...
Hahn Alicia - - 2013
Two meerkats (Suricata suricatta) died acutely and gastric bezoars were found at necropsy. Four of the eight remaining meerkats had bezoars identified radiographically. Surgical gastrotomies were performed and bezoars containing orange fibrous material were removed. Histologic examination of the bezoars and persimmon fruit from a tree in the exhibit revealed ...
Lidder Satnam S King's College London British Heart Foundation Centre, Cardiovascular Division, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, St.Thomas' Hospital, London, - - 2013
The discovery that dietary (inorganic) nitrate has important vascular effects came from the relatively recent realization of the 'nitrate-nitrite-nitric oxide (NO) pathway'. Dietary nitrate has been demonstrated to have a range of beneficial vascular effects, including reducing blood pressure, inhibiting platelet aggregation, preserving or improving endothelial dysfunction, enhancing exercise performance ...
Harley O J H - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Mismatches in the thickness of subcutaneous fat at the level of the umbilicus and suprapubic region can result in an unsightly bulge and an unfavourable result following standard abdominoplasty. This problem can be avoided by thinning the abdominoplasty flap. This study was carried out to assess the thickness of ...
Wilczynska Agnieszka - - 2013
In this study, psychological conditions of pro-health lifestyle behavior have been analyzed. A first research group consisted of 88 healthy people (44 males, 44 females) aged 19-39. Psychological analysis showed a positive correlation between the internal locus of control and adherence to healthy diets; a correlation extending to the knowledge ...
Savard Christopher - - 2013
The majority of patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have "simple steatosis," which is defined by hepatic steatosis in the absence of substantial inflammation or fibrosis and is considered to be benign. However, 10%-30% of patients with NAFLD progress to fibrosing nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which is characterized by varying ...
Andraus Wellington W Liver and Gastrointestinal Transplant Division, Department of Gastroenterology, University of São Paulo School of Medicine, 05403-900 São Paulo, SP, - - 2013
Purpose. Ascites, esophageal varicose veins, and acute digestive bleeding are unusual in the clinical presentation of chronic pancreatitis; however, these symptoms are frequently observed in patients with liver cirrhosis. Moreover, it is unlikely to observe chylous ascites in both presentations. Method. We report a patient who presented with chronic pancreatitis ...
Djurić-Stefanović A - - 2013
Visceral fat is considered a key factor in the development of metabolic syndrome and other pathological conditions and diseases associated with obesity. Therefore, analysis of the dynamics of reducing the amount of abdominal visceral fat is important for evaluating the therapeutic effects of different modalities of obesity treatment, including bariatric ...
Stefanutti Claudia - - 2012
256 pediatric patients with primary hyperlipidemia aged 14.2 ± 8.5 years (females: 155; males:101) seen in our lipid clinic were evaluated retrospectively to assess the effect of multiple lipid-lowering treatment (diet only, diet+glucomannan 1.000 mg/day (G), diet+ezetimibe (E) 10 mg/day and diet+atorvastatin (A) 10 mg/day). The patients were assigned to ...
Kumar Vikas - - 2012
Nonstarch polysaccharides (NSPs) occur naturally in many foods. The physiochemical and biological properties of these compounds correspond to dietary fiber. Nonstarch polysaccharides show various physiological effects in the small and large intestine and therefore have important health implications for humans. The remarkable properties of dietary NSPs are water dispersibility, viscosity ...
Schnatz Peter F - - 2012
The aim of this study was to identify the potential relationships between plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) (25OHD(3)), C-reactive protein (CRP), coronary artery atherosclerosis (CAA), and coronary artery remodeling in monkeys consuming atherogenic diets. Female cynomolgus monkeys (n = 74) were fed a casein-lactalbumin (C/L)-based, moderately atherogenic diet for 12 months. They ...
Zhou Mingmei - - 2012
Dietary quercetin and resveratrol have been frequently used in treating various diseases, but the underlying mechanisms are not entirely clear. Here, we report combined transcriptomic and metabonomic profiling that showed that the combined supplementation with quercetin and resveratrol produced synergistic effects on a high-fat diet-induced metabolic phenotype in mice. Histological ...
Maroufyan E - - 2012
This study was carried out to investigate the modulatory effects of dietary methionine and n-6/n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) ratio on immune response and performance of infectious bursal disease (IBD)-challenged broiler chickens. In total, 350 one-day-old male broiler chicks were assigned to 1 of the 6 dietary treatment groups in ...
Moallem U - - 2012
The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the transfer efficiency of α-linolenic acid (ALA) from the abomasum into milk fat, its interaction with milk fat content and yield, and the relationship between ALA and C16:0 in milk fat. Three rumen-fistulated multiparous Holstein cows at midlactation were used in ...
Sohail M U - - 2012
The present study was aimed at elucidating the effects of supplementing mannan-oligosaccharides (MOS) and probiotic mixture (PM) on growth performance, intestinal histology, and corticosterone concentrations in broilers kept under chronic heat stress (HS). Four hundred fifty 1-d-old chicks were divided into 5 treatment groups and fed a corn-soybean diet ad-libitum. ...
Kammes K L - - 2012
Effects of grass maturity on dry matter intake (DMI), milk production, ruminal fermentation and pool sizes, digestion and passage kinetics, and chewing activity and the relationship of these effects with preliminary DMI (pDMI) were evaluated using 13 ruminally and duodenally cannulated Holstein cows in a crossover design with a 14-d ...
Peinado M J - - 2012
Two experiments were carried out to study the effects of dietary supplementation with the garlic (Allium sativum)-derived product propyl propane thiosulfonate (PTS-O) on the intestinal log(10) number of copies of enteropathogens in broiler chickens, together with their intestinal morphology and growth performance. The additive had no significant effect on feed ...
Bradford B J - - 2012
High-fiber byproducts are generated by several industries, and the supplies of some of these nonforage fiber sources (NFFS) are increasing. Although NFFS generally have limited utility in nonruminant diets, dairy cattle nutritionists can use these products to partially replace both forages and concentrates in lactation diets. Research has shown that ...
Zwertvaegher I - - 2012
Traditionally, all cows within a herd are milked with the same teat cup liner, although it is hypothesized that considerable variation in teat dimensions exists between cows and quarters within cows. To study at which level (herd, cow, or quarter) most variation in teat dimensions resides, and to identify factors ...
Cadena R S - - 2012
The aims of this study were (1) to map sensory attributes of vanilla ice cream with reduced fat and sugar, and (2) to determine drivers of liking by applying external preference mapping and reveal the relationship between descriptive attributes and hedonic judgments using the partial least squares method. Descriptive sensory ...
Pekel A Y - - 2012
The objective of the current study was to evaluate the effect of dietary fat type and level on broiler meat quality. A 2 × 3 factorial arrangement with 2 types of fat including neutralized sunflower soapstock (NSS) and soybean oil (SO) at 3 levels of fat inclusion (2, 4, and ...
Rius A G - - 2012
Dairy cattle selected for negative residual feed intake (n-RFI; efficient) should maintain production while reducing dry matter intake over a lactation because of improvements in feed digestion and efficient use of nutrients. The objective of this study was to measure nitrogen (N) digestibility and rumen microbial community composition over a ...
Kim M H - - 2012
The present experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of partial substitution of soybean meal (SBM) with fermented SBM (FSBM) on immunophysiological and stress-related parameters in Holstein calves after weaning. Eighteen Holstein calves were randomly assigned to receive either SBM or FSBM (5% of SBM was replaced with FSBM) calf ...
Tippetts M - - 2012
Vitamin D is an essential vitamin that is synthesized when the body is exposed to sunlight or after the consumption of fortified foods and supplements. The purpose of this research was to increase the retention of vitamin D(3) in Cheddar cheese by incorporating it as part of an oil-in-water emulsion ...
Lerch S - - 2012
Persistency of changes in milk fatty acid (FA) composition to 4 different oilseed supplements rich in cis-9 18:1 or 18:3n-3 was determined over 2 consecutive lactations in 58 and 35 Holstein cows during the first and second years, respectively. During the initial 5wk of the study, all experimental cows were ...
Faber T A - - 2012
Fermentable carbohydrates may enhance the ability of the gastrointestinal tract to defend against a pathogenic infection. We hypothesized that a galactoglucomannan oligosaccharide-arabinoxylan (GGMO-AX) complex would positively affect immune status and prevent colonization and shedding in Salmonella typhimurium-infected chicks. Using a completely randomized design, 1-d-old commercial broiler chicks (n = 240 ...
Wang J - - 2012
To evaluate the effect of flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (FMO3) genotype and dietary choline supplementation on trimethylamine (TMA) metabolism in HyLine Brown laying hens, a 3 × 2 two-factorial arrangement was employed with FMO3 genotypes (AA, AT, and TT) and dietary choline supplemental levels (370 and 2,960 mg/kg of diet) as ...
Sullivan M L - - 2012
Wet corn gluten feed (WCGF), a byproduct of the wet-milling industry, is commonly substituted in lactating dairy rations for both forages and concentrates. Previous research has shown that increasing WCGF in the diet decreased ruminal pH, likely due in part to decreasing particle size as forage inclusion rate decreased. The ...
Vyas D - - 2012
Short-and medium-chain fatty acids (SMCFA), which are synthesized de novo in the mammary gland, are reduced to a much greater extent than the long-chain fatty acids during diet-induced milk fat depression. Our hypothesis was that SMCFA are limiting for milk fat synthesis even under conditions when milk fat is not ...
Wang A P - - 2012
Free gossypol residues in tissues or milk from feeding whole cottonseed and cottonseed meal were measured for their effect on health of dairy cows and humans. Forty lactating cows were randomly assigned to 5 treatments in a 60-d experiment to investigate the effects of sources and dietary level of gossypol ...
Almeida G F D - - 2012
A study was performed with 2 broiler genotypes (slow and medium growth) restricted in supplementary feed and foraging 2 different mixed vegetations (grass/clover or chicory) to identify possible benefits of herbage on nutrition during the finishing period (80 to 113 d of age). Three hundred birds were included in a ...
van der Drift S G A - - 2012
The objective of this study was to obtain information on variation between dairy cows in muscle and fat tissue mobilization around parturition and to study the association between protein and fat mobilization and serum β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) concentrations (hyperketonemia) in this period. Thirty-four cows kept under similar conditions at a university ...
Schalla A - - 2012
Measuring individual feed nutrient concentration is common practice for field dairy nutritionists. However, accurately measuring nutrient digestibility and using digestion values in total digestible nutrients models is more challenging. Our objective was to determine if in vivo apparent total-tract nutrient digestibility measured with a practical approach was related to commercial ...
Shastak Y - - 2012
The objectives of this study were to compare measurements of retention and prececal (pc) digestibility in evaluating mineral phosphorus (P) sources in 3- and 5-wk-old broilers. A corn-soybean meal-based basal diet was used (0.35% P on DM basis). Anhydrous monosodium phosphate (MSP(a)) or anhydrous dibasic calcium phosphate (DCP(a)) was supplemented ...
Chapman C E - - 2012
Twenty-six Holstein bull calves born from primiparous and multiparous cows without dystocia were assigned in a randomized complete block design to 1 of 2 treatments: pooled maternal colostrum (PMC) or PMC supplemented with 30g of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO(3)). Calves were fed PMC from 9 different batches containing (mean ± SD) ...
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