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Gao H H Department of Periodontology, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, - - 2014
Dyslipidemia is associated with aggressive periodontitis, a condition characterized by the rapid destruction of the periodontium. Apolipoprotein E (APOE) and low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) are involved in immunomodulation and inflammatory activity. We evaluated the association of LRP5 and APOE polymorphisms with serum lipid concentrations and generalized aggressive periodontitis ...
Marsch Elke E From the Department of Pathology, Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM) (E.M., T.L.T., J.A.F.D., M.J., M.v.G., R.V., A.J., J.P.C., M.M.D., M.J.G., E.A.L.B., J.C.S.), Department of Clinical Chemistry (S.J.R.M.), Department of Toxicology (G.R.H.), Department of Internal Medicine, CARIM (C.G.S.), Department of Radiation Oncology (Maastro Lab), GROW (L.J.D., P.L.), Department of Molecular Genetics, CARIM (M.J.G.), Department of Internal Medicine and Biochemistry, CARIM (J.W.M.H.), Department of Pharmacology, CARIM (B.J.J.), Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands; Paris Centre de Recherche Cardiovasculaire (PARCC) Inserm-UMR 970, Paris, France (Z.M.); Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom (Z.M.); Department of Medical Biochemistry (M.J.G.) and Department of Pathology (M.J.A.P.D.), AMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; and Department of Medicine (Cardiology), New York University School of Medicine, New York - - 2014
Advanced murine and human plaques are hypoxic, but it remains unclear whether plaque hypoxia is causally related to atherogenesis. Here, we test the hypothesis that reversal of hypoxia in atherosclerotic plaques by breathing hyperoxic carbogen gas will prevent atherosclerosis. Low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient mice were fed a Western-type diet, exposed to ...
Rivals Florent F Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), Barcelona, Spain; Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social (IPHES), C. Marcel·lí Domingo s/n, Campus Sescelades URV (Edifici W3), 43007 Tarragona, Spain; Area de Prehistoria, Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV), Avinguda de Catalunya 35, 43002 Tarragona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The paleodietary traits of the equid population from Schöningen 13 II-4 were investigated through tooth mesowear and microwear analyses, as well as stable isotopic analyses. The mesowear pattern observed on the upper teeth indicates a low abrasion diet with a significant amount of browse in the diet of the horses. ...
Zhu Yong Y Postdoctoral Research Scholar, Department of Epidemiology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, 52242 United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies have shown tooth loss is associated with several chronic diseases in adults; however, data that explain these observations are limited. The objective of this study was to investigate associations between the number of natural teeth and energy intake, nutrient intake, and diet quality in adults. Participants aged 19 years ...
Realini C E CE IRTA, Monells, Finca Camps i Armet, E-17121 Monells, Girona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effects of added acerola fruit extract on sensory and shelf-life of beef patties were evaluated. Ground beef was obtained from young bulls fed one of four diets (CON: control, LIN: linseed, CLA: conjugated linoleic acid, LINCLA: LIN plus CLA). Pre-salted (1.8% w/w) beef patties (7.7% fat) with (0.15% w/w) ...
Owens Daniel J DJ a Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences , Liverpool John Moores University , Liverpool , - - 2014
Abstract Interest in Vitamin D has risen considerably recently with many athletes now advised to take daily vitamin D supplements. The reason for this interest is partly not only attributed to the resurgence of the Vitamin D-deficient disease rickets but also due to the discovery of a Vitamin D receptor ...
Baird J Scott JS Department of Pediatrics, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Columbia University, New York, New York - - 2014
An 11-year-old male with autism became less responsive and was hospitalized with hepatomegaly and liver dysfunction, as well as severe lactic acidosis. His diet for several years was self-limited exclusively to a single "fast food"-a particular type of fried chicken-and was deficient in multiple micronutrients, including the B vitamins thiamine ...
Vogtmann Emily E 1Division of Epidemiology,Department of Medicine,Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center,Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center,Vanderbilt University School of Medicine,2525 West End Avenue 6th floor,Nashville,TN - - 2014
To assess correlations between cruciferous vegetable intake and urinary isothiocyanate (ITC) level, in addition to glutathione S-transferase (GST) genotypes and other individual factors. The study included cohort participants whose urinary ITC levels had been previously ascertained. Urinary ITC was assessed using HPLC. Usual dietary intake of cruciferous vegetables was assessed ...
Prashanth Anamthathmakula A Department of Lipid Biochemistry, National Institute of Nutrition - - 2014
Aim: Vitamin A plays a major role in lipid metabolism. Previously, we reported that chronic vitamin A feeding (129 mg/kg) for two months normalized the abnormally high plasma HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels in hypercholesterolemic obese rats by upregulating the hepatic scavenger receptor class B type 1 (SR-BI) expression. In this report, ...
Bonsall L L University of Edinburgh, School of History, Classics and Archaeology, William Robertson Wing, Old Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh, Mid Lothian EH8 9AG, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Textual sources from the Roman period point to the existence of dietary differences between the sexes. The aim of this study was to assess the palaeopathological evidence for such gender differences in dietary habits in Roman Britain by comparing the oral health of sexed individuals from two late Romano-British sites ...
Souza W F WF Federal University of Viçosa (Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV)), Department of Animal Science, 36570-000, Viçosa, MG, Brazil - - 2014
It was hypothesized that Stylosanthes cv. Campo Grande (ES) silage could be used as the single source of dietary forage for beef cattle and that performance on ES would be similar to (corn silage) CS at a 50:50 forage:concentrate ratio. The objectives of this study were to evaluate intake; total ...
Shastak Y Y Institut für Tierernährung, Universität Hohenheim, 70599 Stuttgart, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to determine the availability of P from mineral phosphate sources by using different basal diets and measurement of P retention and prececal (pc) P digestibility as well as pc myo-inositol phosphate (InsP) degradation in broilers. Semi-synthetic and corn-soybean meal-based basal diets were used in ...
Mubki Thamer - - 2014
Background:Several controversies exist regarding the use of vitamin and mineral supplements in treating hair loss.Objectives:To explore practices, knowledge, and attitudes for using vitamins and minerals in treating hair loss among dermatologists in Saudi Arabia.Methods:A self-administrated questionnaire containing 33 questions was distributed to 177 dermatologists attending a national dermatology conference in ...
Michalkova Veronika V Department of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases, Yale School of Public Health, Yale University, New Haven Section of Molecular and Applied Zoology, Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, - - 2014
The viviparous tsetse fly utilizes proline as a hemolymph borne energy source. In tsetse, biosynthesis of proline from alanine involves the enzyme alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGAT), which requires pyridoxal phosphate (vitamin B6) as a co-factor. This vitamin can be synthesized by tsetse's obligate symbiont, Wigglesworthia glossinidae. In this study, we examined ...
Levy M A MA USANA Health Sciences, Inc. 3838 West Parkway Blvd; Salt Lake City, UT, - - 2014
Background/Objective:Although dietary supplement use has increased significantly among the general population, the interplay between vitamin D supplementation and other factors that influence vitamin D status remains unclear. The objective of this study was to identify predictor variables of vitamin D status in free-living subjects to determine the extent to which ...
Gasier Heath G HG Department of Submarine Medicine & Survival Systems, Naval Submarine Medical Research Laboratory, Groton, CT, USA, - - 2014
Submariners spend prolonged periods submerged without sunlight exposure and may benefit from vitamin D supplementation to maintain vitamin D status. The primary objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of daily vitamin D supplementation on maintenance of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) during a 3-month submarine patrol. Submariners were randomly ...
McClung James P JP Military Nutrition Division, United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM), Natick, MA 01760, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Adequate vitamin and mineral status is essential for optimal human health and performance. Female athletes could be at risk for vitamin and mineral insufficiency due to inadequate dietary intake, menstruation, and inflammatory responses to heavy physical activity. Recent studies have documented poor iron status and associated declines in both cognitive ...
Bae Jisuk J Department of Preventive Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, Republic of - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the association between vitamin C intake and risk of hyperuricemia or serum uric acid levels in male and female subjects in the Korean Multi-Rural Communities Prospective Cohort. This cross-sectional analysis was conducted in 9400 subjects enrolled in the Korean Multi-Rural Communities Cohort ...
Dikmen S S University of Uludag, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Science, Bursa 16059, - - 2014
The SLICK haplotype (http://omia.angis.org.au/OMIA001372/9913/) in cattle confers animals with a short and sleek hair coat. Originally identified in Senepol cattle, the gene has been introduced into Holsteins. The objectives of the current study were to determine (1) whether lactating Holsteins with the slick hair phenotype have superior ability for thermoregulation ...
Agarwal Chitra C Department of Periodontics, Jodhpur Dental College General Hospital, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, - - 2014
Various etiological factors are associated with gingival recession which may be anatomical, physiologic, or pathologic factors. Several root coverage procedures have been described to manage the gingival recession. However, it has been found that root coverage procedures in Miller's Class III and IV gingival recession have a poor prognosis with ...
Malmberg Per P Department of Chemical and Biological Enigeneering, Analytical Chemistry, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, - - 2014
Circulating concentrations of vitamin D, 25(OH)D, and 1,25(OH)2D are lower in obese than lean individuals, but little is known about the adipose tissue content of these molecules. The aim of this study was to explore the possibility to use time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) to measure vitamin D and ...
Vasiliou Jessica E JE Leukocyte Biology Section, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, United - - 2014
Associations between vitamin D status and childhood asthma are increasingly reported, but direct causation, and mechanisms underlying an effect remain unknown. We investigated the effect of early life vitamin D deficiency on the development of murine neonatal allergic airways disease (AAD). In utero and early life vitamin D deficiency was ...
Meeker Stacey S Comparative Medicine, University of - - 2014
Epidemiologic studies associate low serum vitamin D levels with an increased risk of colon cancer and inflammatory diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). 129-Smad3tm1Par/J (Smad3-/-) mice are a model of bacterial-driven colitis and colon cancer when infected with Helicobacter bilis. Thus, we used this mouse model to determine whether ...
Jung Audrey Y AY Department for Health Evidence, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, - - 2014
Dietary intake of B vitamins and methionine, essential components of DNA synthesis and methylation pathways, may influence colorectal tumor (CRT) development. The impact of B vitamins on colorectal carcinogenesis in individuals with Lynch syndrome (LS) is unknown but is important given their high lifetime risk of developing neoplasms. The role ...
da Cunha Marcela S B MS Postgraduate Program in Human Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Campus Universitário Darcy Ribeiro, Universidade de Brasília, P.O. Box 70910-900, Brasília, DF, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Vitamin A modulates inflammatory status, iron metabolism and erythropoiesis. Given that these factors modulate the expression of the hormone hepcidin (Hamp), we investigated the effect of vitamin A deficiency on molecular biomarkers of iron metabolism, the inflammatory response and the erythropoietic system. Five groups of male Wistar rats were treated: ...
Li Qingyun Q a State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Ministry of Agriculture Feed Industry Centre , China Agricultural University , Beijing , - - 2014
Two experiments were conducted to determine the content of digestible energy (DE) and metabolisable energy (ME) as well as the apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and standardised ileal digestibility (SID) of amino acids in peanut meal (PNM) for growing pigs. In Experiment 1, 78 growing pigs (46.8 ± 2.6 kg) were randomly allotted to ...
Farmer Bonnie B From PlantWise Nutrition Consulting LLC, Plainwell, - - 2014
Observational studies have shown that body mass indexes of vegetarians are lower than those of nonvegetarians and that caloric intake of vegetarians is typically lower than that of nonvegetarians, suggesting that a vegetarian diet could be an approach for weight management. However, vegetarians may be at risk of inadequate intakes ...
Kanamori Yohei Y Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto - - 2014
We previously reported the presence of brown/beige adipocytes in the white fat depots of mature cattle. The present study examined the effects of dietary vitamin A on the expression of brown/beige adipocyte-related genes in the white fat depots of fattening cattle. No significant differences were observed in the expression of ...
Haxhiu D D Vetsuisse Faculty, Institute of Animal Nutrition, University of Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of feeding and UVB exposition on the occurrence and distribution patterns of vitamin D receptors (VDR) and calbindin D28k (Cb-D28k) in the gastrointestinal tract of veiled chameleons. Thus, 56 veiled chameleon hatchlings were divided into six treatment groups: UV (with ...
Shammugasamy Balakrishnan B UPM-BERNAS Research Laboratory, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, - - 2014
The present study examined the contents of tocopherols and tocotrienols and their distribution in 58 different varieties of whole rice cultivated in Malaysia. The analytical method used was saponification of samples followed by dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction and RP-HPLC. The total vitamin E contents of the different varieties of whole rice ...
Sarica S S Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Gaziosmanpasa University, Tasliciftlik, Tokat, - - 2014
An in vivo experiment was conducted to compare the effects of dietary supplementation with oleuropein and/or α-tocopheryl acetate on growth performance, serum lipid concentrations and lipid oxidation of Japanese quail meat during refrigerated storage. Performance and slaughtering parameters were not affected by dietary treatments. The diets supplemented with oleuropein at ...
Jahani Raha R Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess if exposure to different levels of dietary vitamin D pre- and postweaning impacts the intestinal-bone axis. Female CD1 mice were exposed to high (5000 IU vitamin D3 /kg diet, H) or low (25 IU vitamin D3 /kg diet, L) vitamin D diet ...
Bonifant Catherine M CM Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Royal Children's Hospital, Lower Ground Floor, South Tower, Herston Road, Herston, Queensland, Australia, - - 2014
People with cystic fibrosis and pancreatic insufficiency are at risk of fat soluble vitamin deficiency as these vitamins (A, D, E and K) are co-absorbed with fat. Thus, some cystic fibrosis centres routinely administer these vitamins as supplements but the centres vary in their approach of addressing the possible development ...
Lips Paul P Department of Internal Medicine, Endocrine Section, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the - - 2014
Vitamin D status can be assessed by measuring concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D). Sunlight is the most important source of vitamin D and stimulates the production of vitamin D3 in the skin during the summer, depending on age, skin pigmentation, clothing style, and sunscreen use. Seasonal variation in serum 25(OH)D ...
Siwamogsatham Oranan O Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Lipids, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, - - 2014
Background: Pancreatic insufficiency is common in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and leads to malabsorption of fat-soluble vitamins. Multivitamins, including vitamins A, D, E, and K, are routinely prescribed to patients with CF to prevent vitamin deficiencies. Our objective was to examine the relationship between fat-soluble vitamin supplements and their ...
Cheung Ching-Lung CL Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China; Centre for Genomic Sciences, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China; Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacy, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China; Research Centre of Heart, Brain, Hormone and Healthy Aging, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), partly due to increased vascular calcification. Vitamin K plays a role in preventing vascular calcification in CKD yet the relationship between vitamin K intake and mortality in CKD patients remains unclear. This observational cohort ...
Liu X X Poultry Science Department, Texas A&M University, College Station - - 2014
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of Arg, vitamin E (VE), and mannanoligosaccharide (MOS) on the immune response and clearance of Salmonella in broiler chickens. In each experiment, 1-d-old chicks (n = 160) were randomly distributed into 4 groups: antibiotic-free diet (negative control, CTL-), antibiotic-supplemented diet (positive control, ...
Brouwer-Brolsma E M EM Division of Human Nutrition, Nutrition and Health Group/Nutrition and Epidemiology Group/Nutrition, Metabolism and Genomics Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Epidemiological studies have shown associations between vitamin D, mental health and glucose homeostasis in the elderly. Causal evidence, however, is still lacking. The objective of this study was to investigate the importance of vitamin D in the prevention of emotional disturbances and cognitive decline in aging C57BL/6 mice, with pre-diabetes ...
Pawlak R R Department of Nutrition Science, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, - - 2014
Individuals following vegetarian diets are at risk for developing vitamin B12 deficiency owing to suboptimal intake. As vitamin B12 is essential for the synthesis of nucleic acids, erythrocytes and in the maintenance of myelin, deficiency may result in a variety of symptoms. Some of these symptoms may be severe while ...
Droz Nadège - - 2014
Multivitamin/multimineral (MVM) supplements are commonly consumed by the general population, but little is known regarding their composition and compliance with local regulations. We assessed the composition and compliance with regulations [no indication in the label of vitamin/minerals amounting <15% of the acceptable daily intake (ADI)] of MVM available in Switzerland. ...
Kang Ju Wan JW Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea (JWK and JYC); the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea (HSC); and the Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hallym University College of Medicine, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, South Korea - - 2014
Previous animal studies have shown that vitamins may prevent age-related hearing loss. However, no concrete conclusions have been reached about the association between vitamin intake and presbycusis in humans. We investigated the association between dietary vitamin intake and hearing thresholds in adults between 50 and 80 y of age by ...
Cinar Miyase M Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kirikkale University, 71450, Yahsihan/Kirikkale, Turkey, - - 2014
This study investigated effects of dietary supplementation with vitamin C, vitamin E on performance, biochemical parameters, and oxidative stress induced by copper toxicity in broilers. A total of 240, 1-day-old, broilers were assigned to eight groups with three replicates of 10 chicks each. The groups were fed on the following ...
Lucas Robyn R MBChB, PhD, Professor, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra, - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency is thought to be common in Australia. It is unclear when vitamin D supplementation should be prescribed. We assess the evidence that guides clinical decision-making on supplementation with vitamin D following a vitamin D test result. Vitamin D assays are inconsistent and inaccurate and there is weak ...
Brader Lea L Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Tage-Hansens Gade 2, 8000, Århus C, Denmark, - - 2014
At northern latitudes, vitamin D is not synthesized endogenously during winter, causing low plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of a healthy Nordic diet based on Nordic nutrition recommendations (NNR) on plasma 25(OH)D and explored its dietary predictors. In a Nordic multi-centre trial, subjects (n = 213) with ...
Liu Kun K State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, PR - - 2014
α-Tocopherol transfer protein (α-TTP) is a cytosolic protein that plays an important role in regulating concentrations of plasma α-tocopherol (the most bio-active form of vitamin E). Despite the central roles that α-TTP plays in maintaining vitamin E adequacy, we have only recently proved the existence of the α-TTP gene in ...
Bozaykut Perinur P Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Genetic and Metabolic Diseases Research Center (GEMHAM), Marmara University, 34668 Haydarpasa, Istanbul, - - 2014
Atherosclerosis and associated cardiovascular complications such as stroke and myocardial infarction are major causes of morbidity and mortality. We have previously reported a significant increase in mRNA levels of the scavenger receptor CD36 in aortae of cholesterol fed rabbits and shown that vitamin E treatment attenuated increased CD36 mRNA expression. ...
Robinson Cleo C a National Centre for Asbestos Related Diseases , University of Western Australia , QEII Medical Centre, Nedlands , Perth , - - 2014
Epidemiological studies suggest that vitamin and mineral intake is associated with cancer incidence. A prevention strategy based on diet or dietary supplementation could have enormous benefit, both directly, by preventing disease, and indirectly by alleviating fear in millions of people worldwide who have been exposed to asbestos. We have previously ...
Waheed S S Chemistry Division, Directorate of Science, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), PO Nilore, Islamabad 45650, Pakistan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Instrumental neutron activation analysis and atomic absorption spectrometry were used to quantify trace elements in different national and multinational Ca supplements categorized on the basis of Ca with vitamin D, vitamin C and phosphate formulations. The supplements were found to contain low levels of Co, Cr and Cu with elevated ...
Soriano-Maldonado Alberto A Department of Metabolism and Nutrition, Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition (ICTAN)-CSIC, C/José Antonio Novais, 10, 28040, Madrid, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of the consumption of two cloudy apple juices with different polyphenol and vitamin C contents on antioxidant status, cardiometabolic and inflammation markers in healthy young adults. Twenty subjects, aged 21-29 years, completed a randomized crossover study. At each 4-week intervention ...
Zhou Shi-Sheng SS Shi-Sheng Zhou, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Medical College, Dalian University, Dalian 116622, Liaoning Province, - - 2014
Over the past few decades, food fortification and infant formula supplementation with high levels of vitamins have led to a sharp increase in vitamin intake among infants, children and adults. This is followed by a sharp increase in the prevalence of obesity and related diseases, with significant disparities among countries ...
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