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Liu X X Poultry Science Department, Texas A&M University, College Station - - 2014
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of Arg, vitamin E (VE), and mannanoligosaccharide (MOS) on the immune response and clearance of Salmonella in broiler chickens. In each experiment, 1-d-old chicks (n = 160) were randomly distributed into 4 groups: antibiotic-free diet (negative control, CTL-), antibiotic-supplemented diet (positive control, ...
Brouwer-Brolsma E M EM Division of Human Nutrition, Nutrition and Health Group/Nutrition and Epidemiology Group/Nutrition, Metabolism and Genomics Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Epidemiological studies have shown associations between vitamin D, mental health and glucose homeostasis in the elderly. Causal evidence, however, is still lacking. The objective of this study was to investigate the importance of vitamin D in the prevention of emotional disturbances and cognitive decline in aging C57BL/6 mice, with pre-diabetes ...
Pawlak R R Department of Nutrition Science, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, - - 2014
Individuals following vegetarian diets are at risk for developing vitamin B12 deficiency owing to suboptimal intake. As vitamin B12 is essential for the synthesis of nucleic acids, erythrocytes and in the maintenance of myelin, deficiency may result in a variety of symptoms. Some of these symptoms may be severe while ...
Droz Nadège - - 2014
Multivitamin/multimineral (MVM) supplements are commonly consumed by the general population, but little is known regarding their composition and compliance with local regulations. We assessed the composition and compliance with regulations [no indication in the label of vitamin/minerals amounting <15% of the acceptable daily intake (ADI)] of MVM available in Switzerland. ...
Kang Ju Wan JW Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea (JWK and JYC); the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea (HSC); and the Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hallym University College of Medicine, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, South Korea - - 2014
Previous animal studies have shown that vitamins may prevent age-related hearing loss. However, no concrete conclusions have been reached about the association between vitamin intake and presbycusis in humans. We investigated the association between dietary vitamin intake and hearing thresholds in adults between 50 and 80 y of age by ...
Cinar Miyase M Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kirikkale University, 71450, Yahsihan/Kirikkale, Turkey, - - 2014
This study investigated effects of dietary supplementation with vitamin C, vitamin E on performance, biochemical parameters, and oxidative stress induced by copper toxicity in broilers. A total of 240, 1-day-old, broilers were assigned to eight groups with three replicates of 10 chicks each. The groups were fed on the following ...
Lucas Robyn R MBChB, PhD, Professor, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra, - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency is thought to be common in Australia. It is unclear when vitamin D supplementation should be prescribed. We assess the evidence that guides clinical decision-making on supplementation with vitamin D following a vitamin D test result. Vitamin D assays are inconsistent and inaccurate and there is weak ...
Brader Lea L Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Tage-Hansens Gade 2, 8000, Århus C, Denmark, - - 2014
At northern latitudes, vitamin D is not synthesized endogenously during winter, causing low plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of a healthy Nordic diet based on Nordic nutrition recommendations (NNR) on plasma 25(OH)D and explored its dietary predictors. In a Nordic multi-centre trial, subjects (n = 213) with ...
Liu Kun K State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, PR - - 2014
α-Tocopherol transfer protein (α-TTP) is a cytosolic protein that plays an important role in regulating concentrations of plasma α-tocopherol (the most bio-active form of vitamin E). Despite the central roles that α-TTP plays in maintaining vitamin E adequacy, we have only recently proved the existence of the α-TTP gene in ...
Bozaykut Perinur P Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Genetic and Metabolic Diseases Research Center (GEMHAM), Marmara University, 34668 Haydarpasa, Istanbul, - - 2014
Atherosclerosis and associated cardiovascular complications such as stroke and myocardial infarction are major causes of morbidity and mortality. We have previously reported a significant increase in mRNA levels of the scavenger receptor CD36 in aortae of cholesterol fed rabbits and shown that vitamin E treatment attenuated increased CD36 mRNA expression. ...
Robinson Cleo C a National Centre for Asbestos Related Diseases , University of Western Australia , QEII Medical Centre, Nedlands , Perth , - - 2014
Epidemiological studies suggest that vitamin and mineral intake is associated with cancer incidence. A prevention strategy based on diet or dietary supplementation could have enormous benefit, both directly, by preventing disease, and indirectly by alleviating fear in millions of people worldwide who have been exposed to asbestos. We have previously ...
Waheed S S Chemistry Division, Directorate of Science, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), PO Nilore, Islamabad 45650, Pakistan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Instrumental neutron activation analysis and atomic absorption spectrometry were used to quantify trace elements in different national and multinational Ca supplements categorized on the basis of Ca with vitamin D, vitamin C and phosphate formulations. The supplements were found to contain low levels of Co, Cr and Cu with elevated ...
Soriano-Maldonado Alberto A Department of Metabolism and Nutrition, Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition (ICTAN)-CSIC, C/José Antonio Novais, 10, 28040, Madrid, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of the consumption of two cloudy apple juices with different polyphenol and vitamin C contents on antioxidant status, cardiometabolic and inflammation markers in healthy young adults. Twenty subjects, aged 21-29 years, completed a randomized crossover study. At each 4-week intervention ...
Zhou Shi-Sheng SS Shi-Sheng Zhou, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Medical College, Dalian University, Dalian 116622, Liaoning Province, - - 2014
Over the past few decades, food fortification and infant formula supplementation with high levels of vitamins have led to a sharp increase in vitamin intake among infants, children and adults. This is followed by a sharp increase in the prevalence of obesity and related diseases, with significant disparities among countries ...
Moreira Carla C 1 Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto , Porto, Portugal - - 2014
Abstracrt Background: A growing body of research suggests that vitamin D might play an important role in overall health. No data exist on vitamin D intake for the Azorean adolescent population. The purpose of this study was to assess vitamin D intake and investigate a possible association between vitamin D ...
Krawczynska A A Laboratory of Molecular Biology, The Kielanowski Institute of Animal Physiology and Nutrition, Polish Academy of Sciences, Jablonna, Poland. - - 2014
An excessive consumption of a diet rich in saturated fatty acids is a key factor in pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases which are strictly connected with leptin imbalance in the vessels. However, whether vitamin E supplementation would influence leptin expression in aortic layers is still unknown. For 3 or 6 weeks ...
Shearer Martin J MJ St Thomas' Hospital, United - - 2014
In contrast to other fat-soluble vitamins, dietary vitamin K is rapidly lost to the body resulting in comparatively low tissue stores. Deficiency is kept at bay by the ubiquity of vitamin K in the diet, synthesis by gut microflora in some species, and relatively low vitamin K cofactor requirements for ...
Duplessis M M Département des Sciences Animales, Université Laval, Québec, G1V 0A6, Canada; Agriculture et Agroalimentaire Canada, Centre de recherche et développement sur le bovin laitier et le porc, Sherbrooke, Québec, J1M 0C8, - - 2014
This study was undertaken to determine the effect of a combined folic acid and vitamin B12 supplement given in early lactation on culling rate, metabolic disorders and other diseases, and reproduction in commercial dairy herds. A total of 805 cows (271 primiparous and 534 multiparous cows) in 15 commercial dairy ...
Sergeev Igor N IN Department of Health and Nutritional Sciences, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD, - - 2014
Modulation of apoptosis is emerging as a promising antiobesity strategy because removal of adipocytes through this process will result in reducing body fat. Effects of vitamin D on apoptosis are mediated via multiple signaling pathways that involve common regulators and effectors converging on cellular Ca(2+) . We have previously shown ...
Kolokotroni Ourania O 1 Cyprus International Institute for Environmental & Public Health in association with Harvard School of Public Health, Cyprus University of Technology, 95 Irenes Street, 3041 Limassol, - - 2014
To assess vitamin D status among Cypriot adolescents and investigate potential determinants including BMI and body fat percentage (BF%). Participants had cross-sectional assessments of serum vitamin D, physical activity, dietary vitamin D intake and sun exposure. Linear and logistic regression models were used to explore the associations of vitamin D ...
Johansson B B Department of Animal Environment and Health, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 532 23 Skara, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Synthetic vitamin supplementation is not consistent with organic production, so it is important to investigate whether dairy cows can maintain their health and production without synthetic vitamins being added to their diet. In basic dairy cow diets, provitamin A (β-carotene) and vitamin E are mainly found in pasture and in ...
Castillo-Lopez E E Department of Animal Science, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln - - 2014
Sixteen multiparous lactating Holstein cows were used in 2 experiments to evaluate the effects of reduced-fat dried distillers grains with solubles (RFDG) on milk production, rumen fermentation, intestinal microbial N flow, and total-tract nutrient digestibility. In experiment 1, RFDG was fed at 0, 10, 20, or 30% of diet dry ...
Kaesler Nadine N Department of Nephrology, RWTH University Hospital Aachen, Aachen, - - 2014
In chronic kidney disease, vitamin K-dependent proteins, including the calcification inhibitor matrix Gla protein, are largely uncarboxylated indicating that functional vitamin K deficiency may contribute to uremic vascular calcification. Since the effects of uremia on the vitamin K cycle are unknown, we investigated the influence of uremia and vitamin K ...
Lauridsen C C Department of Animal Science, Aarhus University, 8830 Tjele, - - 2014
In swine nutrition, little is known about vitamin requirements for reproductive processes and bone health, especially vitamin D. Supplemental vitamin D is usually added to animal feed as cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), which is transported to the liver and hydroxylated to 25-hydroxycholecalciferol [25(OH)D3], and this metabolite has become commercially available for ...
Vilaca Tatiane T T Vilaca, Endocrinology- Bone an Mineral Metabolism, Unifesp, São Paulo, - - 2014
Strontium ranelate is used to treat osteoporosis. Calcium and strontium (Sr) have common chemical features and are absorbed by the same pathways. Vitamin D has a main role in calcium intestinal absorption. The aim of this study was to investigate whether vitamin D status is a determinant of strontium ranelate ...
Lear Andrea S AS Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1620, - - 2014
Clinical cases of vitamin E deficiencies have been diagnosed in camelids and may indicate that these species are more sensitive to inadequate vitamin E in hay-based diets compared to other ruminant and equine species. In bovine, cholesterol has been reported to affect vitamin E concentrations. In order to evaluate vitamin ...
Folchetti Luciana Dias - - 2014
Dietary guidelines of 5 servings per day of fruits and vegetables (FV) offer a reasonable amount of vitamins to control organic processes, which may contribute to a favorable cardiometabolic profile. This study aimed at investigating whether the intake of the FV group as well as pro-vitamin A carotenoids and vitamins ...
Ellam Timothy T Department of Cardiovascular Science, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom ; Sheffield Kidney Institute, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield, United - - 2014
Observational data associate lower levels of serum vitamin D with coronary artery calcification, cardiovascular events and mortality. However, there is little interventional evidence demonstrating that moderate vitamin D deficiency plays a causative role in cardiovascular disease. This study examined the cardiovascular effects of dietary vitamin D deficiency and of vitamin ...
Schlögl Mathias M University Center for Medicine of Aging Basel, University of Basel, Basel, - - 2014
In recent years, emerging evidence has linked vitamin D not only to its known effects on calcium and bone metabolism, but also to many chronic illnesses involving neurocognitive decline. The importance of vitamin D3 in reducing the risk of these diseases continues to increase due to the fact that an ...
Weaver C M CM Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN - - 2013
The 2011 vitamin D recommendations set by the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine was the first time that Estimated Average Requirements (EAR) and Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) were given for vitamin D. Previous versions (i.e., 1997 and earlier) used Adequate Intakes, implying less certainty of evidence ...
Flohr J R JR Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan - - 2013
A total of 84 sows (PIC 1050) and their litters were used to determine the effects of supplementing maternal diet with vitamin D3 on sow and pig performance, serum 25(OH)D3, milk vitamin D3, neonatal bone mineralization, and neonatal tissue vitamin D3. After breeding, sows were randomly assigned to 1 of ...
Jenkins T C TC Department of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634. Electronic address: - - 2013
A recent study reported a 0.4 percentage unit increase in milk fat of lactating dairy cattle when dietary K was increased from 1.2 to 2% with potassium carbonate. Because milk fat yield has been associated with ruminal production of certain conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers, 2 studies were conducted to ...
Hopkinson Joseph A JA National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Unit, Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust and Imperial College London, London, UK. - - 2013
Vitamin D has been proposed to have beneficial effects in a wide range of contexts. We investigate the hypothesis that vitamin D deficiency, caused by both aversion to sunlight and unwholesome diet, could also be a significant contributor to the triumph of good over evil in fantasy literature. Data on ...
Bertolaso Chiara C *Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA †Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2013
To assess the impact of LYM-X-SORB™ (LXS), an organized lipid matrix that has previously been shown to be absorbable without pancreatic enzyme therapy on fat soluble vitamin status in children with CF and PI. Children with CF and PI were randomized to daily LXS or an iso-caloric placebo comparison supplement ...
Ulatowski L L Departments of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH - - 2013
Alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) is an essential dietary antioxidant with important neuroprotective functions. Alpha-tocopherol deficiency manifests primarily in neurological pathologies, notably cerebellar dysfunctions such as spinocerebellar ataxia. To study the roles of α-tocopherol in the cerebellum, we used the Ttpa(-/-) mice which lack the tocopherol transfer protein (TTP) and are a ...
Martins M S - - 2013
Brewer's yeast (BY), autolysed sugarcane yeast (ASCY) and integral sugar cane yeast (ISCY) were studied in two experiments as ingredients for dog diets. In the first experiment, 28 dogs were randomly assigned to four diets; one reference diet and three test diets containing 15% of BY, ASCY or ISCY and ...
Lee Alice M C - - 2013
Clinical studies indicate that the combination of vitamin D and dietary calcium supplementation is more effective for reducing fracture risk than either supplement alone. Our previous dietary studies demonstrated that an adequate serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3) of 80 nmol/L or more reduces bone RANKL expression, osteoclastogenesis and maintains the optimal ...
Haraikawa Mayu - - 2013
Introduction: It has been demonstrated that single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (R325Q, 974G>A) in the gamma-glutamyl carboxylase (GGCX) gene is associated with the bone mineral density (BMD). In the present study, we investigated the effect of GGCX polymorphism (974G>A) on the correlations among the vitamin K in-take, level of serum vitamin ...
Pastor A - - 2013
Based on a nonlinear N utilization model, 2 N balance experiments with growing broiler chickens were conducted, investigating the ideal amino acid (AA) ratio (IAAR) of the branched-chain AA (BCAA) Leu, Ile, and Val related to Lys. In both of the experiments, the starter (I: 10-20 d of age) and ...
Czerwonka MaƂgorzata M Department of Bromatology, Faculty of Pharmacy with the Laboratory Medicine Division, Medical University of Warsaw, 1 Banacha, 02-097 Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aim of this work was to evaluate the vitamin B12 content and profile of cobalamin bioactive forms in raw and cooked beef. The study showed that vitamin B12 distribution is unequal among beef muscles. The content of this nutrient ranges from 0.7 to 1.5μg/100g of tissue. In beef, three ...
Ued Fábio da Veiga Fda V UFTM, UberabaMG, - - 2013
To review the literature on the importance of antioxidant vitamins, analyzed in the context of dietary intake, its plasma levels, and its current use as a supplementation treatment in obese children and adolescents with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The articles were identified in Lilacs, Ibecs, SciELO, PubMed/Medline, and Scopus databases. ...
Flohr J R - - 2013
Four experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of varying concentrations of supplemental vitamin D3 on pig growth, feed preference, serum 25(OH)D3, and bone mineralization of nursing and weanling pigs. In Exp. 1, 270 pigs (1.71 ± 0.01 kg BW) were administered 1 of 3 oral vitamin D3 dosages (none, ...
Kara Tuba T Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Firat University, Elazig, - - 2013
In the present study, seasonal variation of vitamin and sterol content of Chironomidae larvae were determined by using HPLC. As the result of vitamin analysis, we found alpha-tocopherol, retinol, K1, K2, D2 and D3. When the seasonal variation of vitamin groups were compared, a significant increase was observed in vitamin ...
Caruso Roberta - - 2013
Reduced levels of iron, folate, vitamin B12, vitamin D, zinc, and magnesium are common in untreated celiac disease (CD) patients probably due to loss of brush border proteins and enzymes needed for the absorption of these nutrients. In the majority of patients, removal of gluten from the diet leads to ...
Gómez-Díaz Rita A - - 2013
We undertook this study to evaluate the relationship between PON1, SOD and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in pediatric patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis and patients in early stages of CKD. We carried out an analytical cross-sectional study of 134 children 6-17 years old. We registered anthropometric variables, vital signs, basic biochemical ...
Choi Yoon-Hyeong - - 2013
The protective effects of antioxidant vitamins on hearing loss are well established in animal studies but in few human studies. Recent animal studies suggest that magnesium intake along with antioxidants may act in synergy to prevent hearing loss. We examined associations between intake of antioxidant vitamins (daily β-carotene and vitamins ...
Brandsch C - - 2013
In vitro studies discovered intestinal proton-coupled folate transporter (PCFT) as a vitamin D hormone-responsive gene. In vivo effects of vitamin D on PCFT and folate status are currently not available. Three experiments were conducted. At first, vitamin D receptor knockout (VDR(-/-)) mice and corresponding wild-type (WT) mice were compared for ...
Moore Carolyn E - - 2013
To determine if dietary, supplemental and total vitamin D intakes in the USA are influenced by income, race/ethnicity or gender. Cross-sectional. US vitamin D intakes were estimated by poverty income ratio (PIR), race/ethnicity and gender using 24 h dietary intake recalls and dietary supplement use questionnaires. Statistical analyses of weighted ...
Oberbach A - - 2013
BackgroundBladder dysfunction has one of the highest prevalences as a comorbidity of obesity in industrialized countries. The etiopathogenesis of obesity-associated bladder dysfunction is still obscure, but there is growing evidence for general metabolic changes in obese patients may be in part responsible. As recently demonstrated, high fat diet (HFD) significantly ...
Zhang Yanyan - - 2013
Daily dietary and inhalation exposures to 16 parent polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and urinary excretion of 13 monohydroxy metabolites (OHPAHs) were monitored for 12 non-smoking university students in Beijing, China, during a controlled feeding experiment. The relationship between the urinary excretion of OHPAHs and the uptake of PAHs was investigated. ...
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