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Ahmad Zahid Z Department of Internal Medicine, UT Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX, 75390, USA, - - 2015
Statins fail to adequately reduce low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) in patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia, requiring these patients to undergo weekly or bi-weekly sessions of LDL apheresis. Although efficacious, LDL apheresis is an invasive procedure with high cost and low availability, and additional options, such as inhibitors of microsomal transfer protein ...
Adachi Taiki T Department of Polar Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), Tachikawa, Tokyo, Japan - - 2014
Foraging theory predicts that breath-hold divers adjust the time spent foraging at depth relative to the energetic cost of swimming, which varies with buoyancy (body density). However, the buoyancy of diving animals varies as a function of their body condition, and the effects of these changes on swimming costs and ...
Coppa M M 1Department of Agricultural Forest and Food Sciences,University of Turin,Via L. da Vinci - - 2014
The aim of this work was to investigate the variations of milk fatty acid (FA) composition because of changing paddocks in two different rotational grazing systems. A total of nine Holstein and nine Montbéliarde cows were divided into two equivalent groups according to milk yield, fat and protein contents and ...
Mendes Fabrício Bacelar Lima FB Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia (PPZ-UESB), Itapetinga, BA, Brazil, - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate the ingestive behavior of steers on Brachiaria brizantha pasture fed diets with increasing levels of concentrate supplementation. Thirty-two crossbred steers in the finishing phase with average weight of 420 ± 8 kg were distributed in a completely randomized design with four treatments and eight replicates per treatment. Their ...
García-de Blas Esther E Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos, IREC (CSIC, UCLM, JCCM), Ronda de Toledo s/n, 13071, Ciudad Real, Spain, - - 2014
Carotenoid-based ornaments may have evolved as a consequence of their costs of production, which would assure the reliability of the traits as signals of individual quality. Different costs due to carotenoid allocation to the signal have been proposed, considering the scarcity of these pigments at the environment (ecological cost) and ...
Kaur Khushwinder K Department of Chemistry and Centre of Advanced Studies in Chemistry, Panjab University, Chandigarh, 160 014, - - 2014
Inclusion complex formations between β-cyclodextrin and suitable guest molecules such as cholesterol have regularly been exploited to design self-assembled structures. In the present study, an effective nanoemulsion medium (Lecithin/Tween 80/ethyl oleate/water) is selected for solubilizing and stabilizing cholesterol and cholesterol/ β-cyclodextrin inclusion complex. The study is further supported by phase ...
Hales K E KE USDA, ARS, U.S. Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center, NE 68933 - - 2014
Expansion of the biodiesel industry has increased the glycerin ( GLY: ) supply. Glycerin is an energy-dense feed that can be used in ruminant species; however, the energy value of GLY is not known. Therefore, the effects of GLY inclusion at 0%, 5%, 10%, and 15% on energy balance in ...
Vega-López Sonia S School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, Phoenix, - - 2014
The effects of moderate intensity walking on lipoprotein remodeling in postpartum Hispanic women are unknown. Sedentary postpartum Hispanic women (28.2±5.6 y; BMI=29.3±3.3 kg/m2) participating in a social support physical activity (PA) intervention, were randomly assigned to a 12-month walking program (walkers; n=22; target 150 min/wk, moderate intensity) or a control ...
Wallner-Liebmann Sandra S Center of Molecular Medicine, Institute of Pathophysiology and Immunology, Medical University Graz, Heinrichstraße 31a, 8010, Graz, Austria, - - 2015
Urine contains a clear individual metabolic signature, although embedded within a large daily variability. Given the potential of metabolomics to monitor disease onset from deviations from the "healthy" metabolic state, we have evaluated the effectiveness of a standardized lifestyle in reducing the "metabolic" noise. Urine was collected from 24 (5 ...
Itle A J AJ Animal Welfare Program, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, 2357 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, - - 2014
Ketosis is a common disease in dairy cattle, especially in the days after calving, and it is often undiagnosed. The objective of this study was to compare the standing behavior of dairy cows with and without ketosis during the days around calving to determine if changes in this behavior could ...
Boujenane Ismaïl I Department of Animal Production and Biotechnology, Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II, PO Box 6202, Rabat-Instituts, 10101, Rabat, Morocco, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the influence of clinical mastitis and time of first mastitis occurrence on reproductive and milk performance of Holstein cows. Data were collected in a dairy farm from 2008 to 2012 on 1725 cows, among which 464 cows with mastitis. To determine the ...
King J N JN Novartis Animal Health Inc, Basel, - - 2014
The efficacy and acceptability of the new oral phosphate binder Lenziaren(®) (SBR759) were evaluated in healthy cats fed with a commercial diet containing low amounts of phosphate ('renal diet'). Lenziaren(®) at 0.125, 0.25, 0.5 and 1 g/day was compared to a reference product Lantharenol(®) (3.0 g/day) and a placebo in a masked, ...
Vyas D D Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada,Lethbridge Research Center,Lethbridge,AB,Canada T1J - - 2014
Twenty ruminally cannulated beef heifers were fed a high corn grain diet in a randomized block design to determine the effect of three direct fed microbial (DFM) strains of Propionibacterium on ruminal fermentation, nutrient digestibility and methane (CH4) emissions. The heifers were blocked in five groups on the basis of ...
Facchinetti Fabio F - - 2014
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with increased rates of fetal morbidity and mortality, both during the pregnancy and in the postnatal life. Current treatment of GDM includes diet with or without medications, but this management is expensive and poorly cost-effective for the health care systems. Strategies to prevent such ...
Yang Penny H W PH a Food, Nutrition and Health, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, - - 2014
This study examined differences in dietary intake on weekdays versus weekends in Canada (n = 34 402) and found that energy intake was 62 ± 23 kcal higher, and dietary quality was slightly lower on weekends (p < 0.05). After energy adjustment, Canadians consumed 66% more alcohol, 10% more cholesterol, and ...
Bunner Anne E - - 2014
Limited evidence suggests that dietary interventions may offer a promising approach for migraine. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a low-fat plant-based diet intervention on migraine severity and frequency. Forty-two adult migraine sufferers were recruited from the general community in Washington, DC, and divided randomly ...
Archer C Ruth CR Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X20, Hatfield 0028, South - - 2014
Over-consuming amino acids is associated with reduced survival in many species, including honeybees. The mechanisms responsible for this are unclear but one possibility is that excessive intake of amino acids increases oxidative damage. If this is the case, antioxidant supplementation may help reduce the survival costs of high amino acid ...
Carmo Carolina Almeida CA Department of Animal Science, University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, São Paulo, - - 2014
The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the effects of starch levels in diets with the replacement of citrus pulp for corn on milk yield, milk composition, and energy balance of lactating dairy cows. Twenty-eight multiparous Holstein cows were used in seven 4 × 4 Latin squares conducted concurrently, and each ...
Becker Fernanda Salamoni FS Food Science Department, Federal University of Lavras, Box 3037, Cep 37200-00, Lavras, Minas Gerais, Brazil, - - 2014
Cookies were prepared by replacing a mixture of brown rice flour (70 %) and corn starch (30 %) (BRFCS) by buriti endocarp flour (BEF) (0, 5, 10, 15 or 20 %). BEF figured as a potential source of dietary fiber (70.53 g 100 g(-1)), especially of insoluble fiber (67.50 g 100 g(-1)), and gluten-free whole cookies showed ...
Hill D L DL 1Animal and Veterinary Sciences Research Group,Scotland's Rural College,King's Buildings,West Mains Road,Edinburgh,EH9 - - 2014
A better understanding of how livestock respond to weather is essential to enable farming to adapt to a changing climate. Climate change is mainly expected to impact dairy cattle through heat stress and an increase in the frequency of extreme weather events. We investigated the effects of weather on milk ...
- - 2014
The goals of this study were to identify pupal parasitoids of the asparagus miner, Ophiomyia simplex Loew (Diptera: Agromyzidae), and examine the effect of different diets and floral resources on the lifespan of adult asparagus miners and their parasitoids. We also measured the effect of parasitism on stem damage caused ...
Glinz Dominik - - 2014
In sub-Saharan Africa, children with Plasmodium falciparum malaria and anaemia are often given iron supplementation at the time of malaria treatment. Inflammation during and after malaria may decrease iron absorption, thus, absorption might be improved if the start of supplementation is delayed. The study objective was to measure iron absorption ...
Vidal Rosario R Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Construction, Universitat Jaume I, Spain - - 2014
Mitigating climate change requires management strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in any sector, including the health system. Carbon footprint calculations should play a key role in quantifying and communicating these emissions. Food is among the categories with low accuracy because the carbon footprint for food is still under development. ...
Langley Erika A EA Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, 02118, - - 2014
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with multiple genetic and environmental risk factors. Choline is a fundamental nutrient for brain development and high choline intake during prenatal and/or early postnatal periods is neuroprotective. We examined the effects of perinatal choline supplementation on social behavior, anxiety, and repetitive behaviors in the BTBR ...
Jiang X R XR 1Department of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety,Università degli Studi di Milano,via Celoria 10,20133 - - 2014
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis of an improved gut environment of post-weaning piglets when administered a blend of essential oils (EO; thymol and cinnamaldehyde) and an enzyme combination (xylanase and β-glucanase (XB)) either alone or in combination. To assess the effect of dietary treatments, faecal ...
Hou W X - - 2014
This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) during late gestation and lactation on sow and litter performance, fecal moisture, blood biochemistry parameters, immunoglobulin levels and milk composition in sows. Forty-eight sows (Yorkshire×Landrace, 4th to 5th parity) were randomly allocated to 1 of ...
Shi F H FH State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, - - 2014
Increasing cost and scarcity of maize has stimulated the use of alternative feed sources (AFS) in the diets of cattle. In this study, we investigated the effects of partial or total replacement of maize on nutrient digestibility, growth performance, blood metabolites, and economics in Limousin crossbred feedlot cattle. Forty-five Limousin×Luxi ...
Ortinau Laura C - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine whether a high-protein afternoon yogurt snack improves appetite control, satiety, and reduces subsequent food intake compared to other commonly-consumed, energy dense, high-fat snacks. Twenty, healthy women (age: 27 +/- 2 y; BMI: 23.4 +/- 0.7 kg/m2) completed the randomized crossover design study ...
Hernández-Ortega Martha M Servicio Regional de Investigación y Desarrollo Agroalimentario (SERIDA),E-33300, Villaviciosa - - 2014
The possibilities of using high quality pastures in conjunction with total mixed ration (TMR) during the grazing season have been examined. An experiment with sixteen Holstein cows blocked and randomly assigned to four treatments in a factorial arrangement was conducted in order to evaluate the influence of grazing time of ...
Santiago-Torres Margarita M 1 Cancer Prevention Program, Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center , Seattle, - - 2014
Abstract Background: The home food environment influences children's eating behaviors and potentially affects overall diet quality. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between the home food environment and Hispanic children's diet quality. Methods: Hispanic children, 10-14 years of age (n=187), and their parents participated in ...
Nansel Tonja - - 2014
We examined the association of diet quality with diet cost in a sample of youth with type 1 diabetes, for whom diet is an important component of medical management. Differences in food group spending by diet quality were also examined to identify potential budgetary reallocation to improve overall diet quality. ...
Otto John R - - 2014
BackgroundThe supplementation of fat to lactating dairy cows has long been used as a management tool to increase dietary energy density for improving cow production, reproduction and to alleviate negative energy balance. Attempts have been made to investigate the effect of canola meal on plasma metabolites in lactating cows, but ...
Wang Wei W Environmental & Life Sciences Graduate Programme, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, - - 2014
Concentrations of metals in hair are used often to develop pharmacokinetic models for both animals and humans. While data on uptake are available, elimination kinetics are less well understood; stable isotope tracers provide an excellent tool for measuring uptake and elimination kinetics. In the present study, methylmercury (MeHg) concentrations through ...
Hafla A N AN USDA-Agricultural Research Service, Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, University Park, PA - - 2014
A 4-unit dual-flow continuous-culture fermentor system was used to assess the effect of supplementing 7-d sprouted barley (SB) or barley grain (BG) with an herbage-based or haylage-based diet on nutrient digestibility, volatile fatty acid (VFA) profiles, bacterial protein synthesis, and methane (CH4) output. Treatments were randomly assigned to fermentors in ...
Laudadio V V Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation, Section of Veterinary Science and Animal Production, - - 2014
The present study was designed to determine the effect on laying performance and egg quality resulting from total substitution of soybean meal (SBM) with low-fiber sunflower meal (SFM; Helianthus annus L.) meal in diet of hens. ISA Brown layers, 28 wk of age, were randomly allocated to 2 dietary treatments ...
D Almeida Karina Sm - - 2014
Although half of all patients with heart failure (HF) have a normal or near-normal ejection fraction and their prognosis differs little from that of patients with a reduced ejection fraction, the pathophysiology of HF with preserved ejection fraction (HF-PEF) is still poorly understood, and its management poorly supported by clinical ...
Gartaula Ghanendra G Department of Food Technology, GoldenGate International College, Tribhuvan University affiliate Kathmandu, - - 2014
"Bomboyson" is a traditional heat desiccated dairy product of eastern Nepal, prepared using khoa, sugar, and ghee, and has a great commercial potential. This study was carried out to standardize the product and study its nutritive value and storage life for the organized production. The formulation was based on survey ...
Cuchel Marina M Institute for Translational Medicine and Therapeutics, and Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 8039 Maloney Building, 3600 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) inhibitor lomitapide is a licenced adjunct to a low-fat diet and other lipid-lowering medication, with or without low-density lipoprotein apheresis, for the treatment of adults with homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia (HoFH). In a recently published phase 3 study, patients with HoFH received lomitapide in addition ...
Mennini Francesco S FS Faculty of Economics, Centre for Economic and International Studies (CEIS)-Economic Evaluation and HTA (EEHTA), University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Rome, Italy; Department of Accounting and Finance, Kingston University, London, United - - 2014
The most recent literature has shown extensively that a low-protein diet in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) delays the natural progression of end-stage renal disease and the necessary treatment of chronic dialysis. The aim of this study was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of a very low-protein diet compared with ...
Brito A A 1Agriculture et Agroalimentaire Canada,Centre de recherche et développement sur le bovin laitier et le porc,Sherbrooke,Québec,J1M - - 2014
Cobalamin (CBL), the biologically active form of vitamin B12, and its analogs, are produced by bacteria only if cobalt supply is adequate. The analogs differ generally by the nucleotide moiety of the molecule. In CBL, 5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole (5,6-DMB) is the base in the nucleotide moiety. The present study aimed to determine ...
Alshaeri Heba K HK 1Department of Nutrition,School of Public Health,Loma Linda University,Loma - - 2014
Figs are a rich source of several different minerals and fibres. We studied the effect of the consumption of dried California Mission figs on mineral and nutrient levels, as well as the effect of the addition of figs to a self-selected habitual diet on dietary patterns. A crossover randomized controlled ...
Pazzola M M Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sassari, Via Vienna 2, 07100 Sassari, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this study, milk-coagulation properties (MCP) were characterized in the Sarda sheep breed. Milk composition and MCP [rennet-coagulation time (RCT), curd-firming time [time to reach a curd firmness of 20 mm (k20)], and curd firmness (a30), (a45), and (a60)] were obtained extending the lactodynamographic analysis from 30 to 60 min ...
Freeman Thomas F TF Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University, Augusta, - - 2014
The benefits of low-carbohydrate, high-protein diets, such as the Dukan Diet©, are well documented, whereas reported adverse effects are rare in literature. Such diets mimic starvation states in that they promote the breakdown of fat and the production of ketones secondary to fatty acid metabolism. In fact, one measure of ...
Murtaza M A MA Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Sargodha, Sargodha-40100, Pakistan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The adverse health effects of dietary sodium demand the production of cheese with reduced salt content. The study was aimed to assess the effect of reducing the level of sodium chloride on the texture, flavor, and sensory qualities of Cheddar cheese. Cheddar cheese was manufactured from buffalo milk standardized at ...
Petzold M - - 2014
The study aimed to examine the influence of supplemented conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) to periparturient cows receiving different concentrate proportions antepartum on rumen pH (RpH) and rumen temperature (RT). Twenty pregnant German Holstein cows were equipped with rumen probes for continuous RpH and RT measurement in a frequency of 15 ...
Ji Xiao-Jun XJ State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, No. 30 South Puzhu Road, Nanjing 211816, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Arachidonic acid (ARA)-rich oil production by Mortierella alpina is a long fermentation period needed process due to the low growth rate of the filamentous fungus used. This causes the low productivity of ARA-rich oil and hinders its industrial mass scale production. In the present study, different fed-batch strategies were conducted ...
Bento A P N AP Faculty of Nutrition, Federal University of Goiás (UFG), Goiânia, GO, - - 2014
The usual consumption of nuts reduces cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk by improving serum lipids and oxidation status. Baru almonds (Dipteryxalata Vog.), a native species of Brazilian Savannah, have considerable contents of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), dietary fiber, vitamin E and zinc, which could exert positive effects in serum lipids and ...
Auld Josh R JR Department of Biology, West Chester University 750 S. Church St., West Chester, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Reproductive success is a critical fitness attribute that is directly influenced by resource availability. Here, we investigate the effects of diet-based resource availability on three interrelated aspects of reproductive success: a change in mating system based on mate availability, consequent inbreeding depression, and the deterioration of reproductive efficiency with age ...
MacCulloch Katherine K Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova - - 2014
The treatment of celiac disease is a strict, life-long gluten-free (GF) diet. This diet is complex and can be challenging. Factors affecting adherence to the GF diet are important to identify for improving adherence. To identify factors that inhibit or improve adherence to a GF diet in children with celiac ...
Copíková Jana J Department of Carbohydrate Chemistry and Technology, ICT Prague, Technická 5, Prague 6 Dejvice 166 28, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2015
Hydrophobic derivatives of highly methylated citrus pectin, chitosan and cellulose were prepared and tested as potential cholesterol lowering agents. Elemental analysis and spectroscopic methods confirmed high substitution degree for all of them. Substitution with long alkyl/acyl groups led to significant changes in physical and thermal properties of modified polysaccharides. Sorption ...
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