Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 882
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Davison Steven P SP DAVinci Plastic Surgery, 3301 New Mexico Avenue, Northwest, Washington, DC 20016, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
The transconjunctival technique for lower lid blepharoplasty, by virtue of a reduced rate of lower eyelid malposition, improved healing, and a concealed incision, has some appeal compared with the transcutaneous method. The transconjunctival approach to lower lid blepharoplasty provides access for both fat resection and transposition to soften tear trough ...
Iida Fumiko F Department of Food and Nutrition, Japan Women's University, Tokyo, - - 2014
To analyze the sensory characteristics of meat samples with a crude fat content between 23.8% and 48.6% taken from 34 Japanese Black steers, we grilled the meat and subjected it to analytical sensory evaluation. We also measured the amounts of moisture, protein, nucleic acid and glutamic acid. An increase in ...
Segers J R JR Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana - - 2014
Angus × Simmental crossbred heifers (n = 150) and steers (n = 100) were used to evaluate 1 of 5 growing diets: 1) a corn-based growing diet (CRN); 2) a high-fat, high-protein coproduct blend; 3) a high-fat, low-protein coproduct blend; 4) a low-fat, high-protein coproduct blend; and 5) a low-fat, ...
Rao Ajit A New York, N.Y. From Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai; and the Department of Plastic Surgery, New York University Langone Medical Center and School of - - 2014
Fat necrosis is a well-known complication of free tissue transfer and fat grafting that is becoming increasingly reported in the literature. However, there is no clear consensus on how fat necrosis is defined and classified in the plastic surgery literature. A systematic review of the literature was performed using the ...
Asor Ohad - - 2014
The properties of the VC-dimension under various compositions are well-understood, but this is much less the case for classes of continuous functions. In this brief, we show that a commonly used scale-sensitive dimension, Vγ , is much less well-behaved under Minkowski summation than its VC cousin, while the fat-shattering dimension ...
Salcedo-Sandoval Lorena L Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos y Nutrición (formerly Instituto del Frío) (CSIC), C/José Antonio Novais, 10. 28040, Madrid, - - 2014
Improved-lipid pork patties were manufactured following two different reformulation strategies: fat reduction by replacement of pork backfat with konjac gel (KG), and fat reduction/lipid improvement by replacement of pork backfat with an improved oil combination (olive, linseed and fish oils) bulking system based on konjac gel (O-KG). Technological, microbiological and ...
Pase C S CS Programa de Pós-Graduação em Farmacologia-Universidade Federal de Santa Maria-UFSM-RS, - - 2014
In recent decades, the increased consumption of processed foods, which are rich in hydrogenated vegetable fat (HVF), has led to a decreased consumption of fish and oilseed, rich in omega-3 fatty acids. This eating habit provides an increased intake of trans fatty acids (TFA), which may be related to neuropsychiatric ...
Acevedo Nuria C NC Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011-1061; email: - - 2014
A new understanding of the nature and organization of fat crystalline supramolecular structure, in particular at the nanoscale, has arisen in the past three years. These new findings have helped establish that the first step in the formation of a triacylglycerol network is the creation of nanocrystalline platelets that aggregate ...
Dela Cruz J A D JA Neuropsychology Doctoral Sub-Program, The Graduate Center, City University of New York, USA; School of Mental Health and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, - - 2014
Overconsumption of nutrients high in fats and sugars can lead to obesity. Previous studies indicate that sugar or fat consumption activate individual brain sites using Fos-like immunoreactivity (FLI). Sugars and fats also elicit conditioned flavor preferences (CFP) that are differentially mediated by flavor-flavor (orosensory: f/f) and flavor-nutrient (post-ingestive: f/n) processes. ...
Dawson-Hughes Bess - - 2014
The plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D response to supplementation with vitamin D varies widely, but vitamin D absorption differences based on diet composition is poorly understood. We tested the hypotheses that absorption of vitamin D-3 is greater when the supplement is taken with a meal containing fat than with a fat-free meal ...
Bronsnick Tara T Department of Dermatology, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients commonly inquire about dietary modifications as a means to prevent or manage skin disease. Answering these questions is often challenging, given the vast and conflicting evidence that exists on this topic. This 2-part continuing medical education article summarizes the evidence to date to enable physicians to answer patients' questions ...
Vargas-Bello-Pérez E E Departamento de Ciencias Animales, Facultad de Agronomía e Ingeniería Forestal, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile, Casilla 306, C.P. 6904411. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lipid supplements can be used to alter fatty acid (FA) profiles of dairy products. For Chanco cheese, however, little information is available concerning effects of lipid supplements on sensorial properties. The objective of this study was to examine effects of supplementation of dairy cow diets with soybean (SO) and hydrogenated ...
Fujii Masanori M Department of Pharmacology, Division of Pathological Sciences, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Kyoto, - - 2014
Hairless mice fed with a special diet (named HR-AD) show atopic dermatitis (AD)-like pruritic skin inflammation that is almost completely resolved with the supplementation of an unsaturated fatty acid (UFA), the linoleic acid (LA). This suggests that the dietary deficiency of LA is the key cause of this dermatitis. However, ...
Bartesaghi Stefano S Department of Bioscience (S.B., S.H., S.W., E.K.C., X.-R.P..), iMed Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases, AstraZeneca, Mölndal, Sweden; Institute for Diabetes, Obesity, and Metabolism (L.H., P.S.), Department Cell and Developmental Biology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Sahlgrenska Center for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research (P.-A.S.), Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Translational Science (R.A.M.), iMed Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases, AstraZeneca, Mölndal, Sweden; and iPSC/Primary Cell/Stem Cell and Assay Development (A.F.), Discovery Sciences, AstraZeneca, Mölndal, - - 2014
Heat-producing beige/brite (brown-in-white) adipocytes in white adipose tissue have the potential to suppress metabolic disease in mice and hold great promise for the treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes in humans. Here, we demonstrate that human adipose-derived stromal/progenitor cells (hASCs) from sc white adipose tissue can be efficiently converted ...
Golley Rebecca K RK Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, Adelaide, S.A., - - 2014
Background/Aims: Biomarkers can provide objective measures of dietary exposure, but their relationship with dietary intake in different populations needs to be characterized. This study aimed to determine the association between C14:0, C15:0 and C17:0 and children's dairy fat intake, and to ascertain whether these fatty acids can be used as ...
Tagliaferri Camille C INRA, UMR 1019, UNH, CRNH Auvergne, 63000, Clermont-Ferrand, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the musculoskeletal effects induced by ovariectomy-related fat mass deposition against the musculoskeletal effects caused by a high-fat diet. A group of adult female rats was ovariectomized and fed a control diet. Two additional groups were sham-operated and fed a control ...
Kellner T A TA Department of Animal Science, Iowa State University, Ames, IA - - 2014
The increased inclusion of unsaturated fats in pig diets has raised issues related to pork carcass fat quality. The objective of this experiment was to more precisely measure how differing levels of daily fatty acid intake alters the fatty acid composition in 3 different fat depots. A total of 42 ...
Sakamoto L S LS Centro APTA Bovinos de Corte-Instituto de Zootecnia-Secretaria de Agricultura e Abastecimento do Estado de São Paulo. 14.160-000-Sertãozinho (SP), - - 2014
Data from 156 Nellore males were used to develop equations for the prediction of retail beef yield and carcass fat content, expressed as kilograms and as a percentage, from live animal and carcass measurements. Longissimus muscle area and backfat and rump fat thickness were measured by ultrasound up to 5 ...
Sun Liyan L Center for Endemic Disease Control, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China; Key Lab of Etiology and Epidemiology, Education Bureau of Heilongjiang Province & Ministry of Health (23618504), Harbin, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of high fluoride and high fat on triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), lipid peroxide (LPO) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in rabbits. A factorial experimental design was used, ...
Stoffel C M CM Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison - - 2014
Dietary fatty acids can affect both milk fat yield and fatty acid (FA) composition. This relationship is well established when the dietary level of FA exceeds 3% of diet dry matter (DM). We could find no reports directly examining the effects of dietary FA profile on milk fat at levels ...
Prévéraud D P DP a Adisseo France SAS, Centre of Expertise and Research in Nutrition , Commentry , - - 2014
Abstract 1. A trial was designed to assess the effect of fat supplementation (amount and type of fatty acids) on vitamin E bioavailability in adult cockerels. 2. A total of 60 birds were force-fed three different diets: a semi-purified diet without added fat (Control diet) or supplemented with 3% fat ...
Huang Y Y Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, INRA, UR1213 Herbivores, Site de Theix, F-63122 Saint-Genès-Champanelle, - - 2014
We used visible spectroscopy of fat to discriminate lambs that were pasture-fed (n=76), concentrate-fed (n=79) or concentrate-finished after pasture-feeding (n=69). The reflectance spectrum of perirenal and subcutaneous caudal fat was measured at slaughter and 24h post mortem. In Method 1 (W450-510), the optical data were used at wavelengths in the ...
Karimian M M Department of Animal Sciences, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of 2 levels of dietary fat (low and high) offered during the prepartal and postpartal periods on dry matter intake (DMI), plasma concentration of metabolites, and milk yield and composition. Twenty-four Holstein dry cows were assigned on d 21 relative ...
Zanella Isabella I Biotechnology/3rd Laboratory and Department of Diagnostics, Civic Hospital of Brescia, 25123, Brescia, - - 2014
Several nutrients act as phytoestrogens, being anti-adipogenic when consumed with a fat-rich diet. Their effect on a low-fat diet (LFD) background is unknown. We tested soy and genistein effects on adipose tissue in LFD-fed mice and genistein activity in the 3T3-L1 adipogenesis model. C57BL/6 J male mice were fed an 8.5 % ...
MacDonald Danielle E DE Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fat talk has been well studied in female peer groups, and evidence suggests it may also be important in family contexts. However, no instrument exists to validly assess fat talk within the family. The purpose of this study was to develop a measure of fat talk within families and to ...
Kowalska M M Kazimierz Pulaski University of Technology and Humanities, Faculty of Material Science, Technology and Design, Chrobrego Street 27, 26-600, Radom, - - 2014
Formation of emulsion systems based on interesterified fats was the objective of the study. Enzymatic interesterification was carried out between enzymatic mutton tallow and walnut oil in the proportions 2:3 (wt/wt) to produce fats not available in nature. At the beginning of the interesterification process, the balance between the interesterification ...
Goni Sindisile S Döhne Agricultural Development Institute, Private Bag X15, Stutterheim, 4930, South Africa, - - 2014
Milk production parameters of purebred Jersey (J) cows and Fleckvieh × Jersey (F × J) cows in a pasture-based feeding system were compared using standard milk recording procedures. Milk, fat and protein production was adjusted to 305 days per lactation and corrected for age at calving. Effects of breed, parity, month and year were estimated ...
Markiewicz-Kęszycka Maria M School of Agriculture and Food Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, - - 2014
Mares' milk is becoming increasingly popular in Western Europe. This study was thus aimed at investigating the impact of stage of lactation and season on chemical composition, somatic cell count and some physico-chemical parameters of mares' colostrum and milk, and at developing a method for the determination of vitamin C ...
Pepper Jon-Paul JP Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Keck School of Medicine of USC, University of Southern California, 1540 Alcazar Street, Suite 204Z3, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
Recent studies of periorbital aging have emphasized orbital fat preservation and transposition as an effective means of rejuvenating the lower lid and midface. Frequently, patients present with orbital fat pseudoherniation and evidence of skeletonization of the infraorbital bony rim. In these cases, it is preferable to advance intraorbital fat and ...
Corbin C H CH Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, - - 2014
The palatability of tender [Warner-Bratzler shear force values <33.34N (3.4kg)] beef strip loins of 10 different treatments [USDA Prime, High Choice (upper 1/3 Choice), Low Choice (lower 1/3 Choice), Select, Standard, Australian Wagyu, American Wagyu, Holstein Select, Holstein Top Choice (upper 2/3 Choice) and Grass-finished] was evaluated by consumers and ...
Zhao Feng F Biomedical Engineering Department, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2014
This work combines an n-dimensional fat sat(uration) radiofrequency (RF) pulse with steady-state incoherent (SSI) pulse sequences, e.g., spoiled gradient-echo sequence, to simultaneously produce B0 insensitive fat suppression and magnetization transfer (MT) contrast. This pulse is then referred to as "fat sat and MT contrast pulse." We discuss the features of ...
Kanzler Sonja S Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Vienna, Althanstraße 14, 1090 Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2015
Despite the increasing social importance of ready meals, only few studies have been conducted on their nutrient composition. Therefore, 32 chilled, frozen and heat-treated ready meals (only main dishes) from the continental European market were analysed for protein, fat, total carbohydrate and energy. Half of the meals were nutritionally imbalanced ...
Boerman J P JP Department of Animal Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing - - 2014
Increased rumen unsaturated fatty acid (FA) load is a risk factor for milk fat depression. This study evaluated if increasing the amount of unsaturated FA in the diet as triglycerides or free FA affected feed intake, yield of milk and milk components, and feed efficiency. Eighteen Holstein cows (132 ± ...
Lemieux George A GA Department of Physiology, University of California , San Francisco, CA , - - 2014
Abstract C. elegans provides a genetically tractable system for deciphering the homeostatic mechanisms that underlie fat regulation in intact organisms. Here, we provide an overview of the recent advances in the C. elegans fat field with particular attention to studies of C. elegans lipid droplets, the complex links between lipases, ...
Calabuig-Navarro M Virtu MV Hugh Sinclair Unit of Human Nutrition, Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, and Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research, University of Reading, Reading, UK; - - 2014
Apolioprotein E (APOE) genotype is reported to influence a person's fasting lipid profile and potentially the response to dietary fat manipulation. The impact of APOE genotype on the responsiveness to meals of varying fat composition is unknown. We examined the effect of meals containing 50 g of fat rich in ...
Heruc Gabriella A GA University of - - 2014
Fat is the most potent stimulus for GLP-1 secretion. The aims of this study were to determine whether dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibition would enhance plasma active incretin (GIP, GLP-1) concentrations, and modulate the glycemic, gut hormone, triglyceride, energy expenditure and energy intake responses to intraduodenal (ID) fat infusion. In a ...
Kwon T-R TR Department of Medicine, Graduate School, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea; Department of Dermatology, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Cryolipolysis is a noninvasive method for the selective reduction of localized fat tissues. It has demonstrated efficacy in both clinical and preclinical trials; however, despite its popularity, its mechanisms of action and evaluation methods are not yet fully defined. The purpose of this study was to improved methods for cryolipolysis ...
Polsky Sarit S Anschutz Health and Wellness Center, 12348 E. Montview Blvd., MailStop C263, Aurora, CO 80045, U.S.A; Div. of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Univ. of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, P.O. Box 6511-MS 8106, 12801 E. 17th Ave., RC1 South Rm 7103, Aurora, CO 80045, - - 2014
Adults often consume more fat than is recommended. We examined factors that may improve liking of reduced fat and reduced saturated fat foods, including the addition of herbs and spices and habitual consumption of different high-fat and low-fat food items. We randomized adults to taste 3 different conditions: full fat ...
Medel Ramón R Institut de Microcirurgia Ocular , Josep Maria Llado 3, Barcelona , - - 2014
Abstract Goal: To describe a fixation technique of the medial and central fat pads in the subperiosteal pocket for transconjunctival fat transposition, using a single subdermal, non-removable, non-absorbable stitch. Materials and methods: Retrospective study of 19 patients with bilateral deep tear through treated by means of transconjunctival fat transposition. Charts ...
Hammenstig D D Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Box 463, 405 30 Göteborg, - - 2014
The effects of hatchery rearing density (conventional or one third of conventional density) and feeding regime (high or reduced dietary fat levels) on burst-swim performance and oxygen transport capacity were studied in hatchery-reared Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, using wild fish as a reference group. There was no effect of rearing ...
Bansode Rishipal R RR 1 Center for Excellence in Post Harvest Technologies, North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University , North Carolina Research Campus, Kannapolis, North Carolina, USA - - 2014
Abstract Peanut skin is a rich source of polyphenols, such as proanthocyanidins. Peanut skin proanthocyanidins mainly consist of a subgroup called procyanidins. Peanut-based procyanidins contain oligomers of both type A and type B procyanidins. Recent studies have shown that peanut skin extracts exert protection against hepatic steatosis induced on rats ...
Merkel Matthias M Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Nöthnitzer Strasse 38, 01187 Dresden, - - 2014
The conserved Fat and Core planar cell polarity (PCP) pathways work together to specify tissue-wide orientation of hairs and ridges in the Drosophila wing. Their components form intracellularly polarized complexes at adherens junctions that couple the polarity of adjacent cells and form global patterns. How Fat and Core PCP systems ...
Feinle-Bisset Christine C National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC) Centre of Research Excellence in Translating Nutritional Science to Good Health, Royal Adelaide Hospital, University of Adelaide Discipline of Medicine, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
To highlight recent research developments relating to the effects of, and interactions between, hormones and diet, as well as underlying mechanisms, on appetite, energy intake and body weight. For this purpose, clinically relevant English language articles were reviewed from October 2012 to April 2014. The mechanisms underlying nutrient-induced energy intake ...
Milanese Chiara C Laboratory of Anthropometry and Body Composition, Department of Neurological and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, - - 2014
Low-intensity, low-frequency ultrasound is increasingly being used for noninvasive, external body contouring as an alternative to liposuction or laser treatments. To evaluate the effect of chronic localized treatment with a novel ultrasound device on subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness and fat mass in young, normal weight women. Twenty-eight females (mean age = 25.5 ± 0.66 ...
Eller G M - - 2014
Contemporary Western societies are obsessed with the "obesity epidemic," dieting, and fitness. Fat people violate the Western conscience by violating a thinness norm. In virtue of violating the thinness norm, fat people suffer many varied consequences. Is their suffering morally permissible, or even obligatory? In this paper, I argue that ...
Fainberg Hernan P - - 2014
Maternal diet during pregnancy can modulate skeletal muscle development of the offspring. Previous studies in pigs have indicated that a fat supplemented diet during pregnancy can improve piglet outcome, however, this is in contrast to human studies suggesting adverse effects of saturated fats during pregnancy. This study aimed to investigate ...
Lloyd Sally S SS CYO'Connor ERADE Village Foundation. 11 Erade Drive, Piara Waters, Western Australia 6112 - - 2014
The melting point (TM) of fat is relevant to health, but available methods of determining TM are cumbersome. One of the standard methods of measuring TM for animal and vegetable fats is the slip point, also known as the open capillary method. This method is imprecise and not amenable to ...
Skinner Anita A Lourdes Community Nursing Home in Westgate-on-Sea, - - 2014
While I was aware of the link between high serum cholesterol and cardiovascular disease, I was unaware of the mechanism of atheroma development. The CPD article discussed the role of low-density lipoprotein in the development of atherosclerosis, which I found very interesting.
Alptekin Ertan E Department of Automotive Engineering, Faculty of Technology, Kocaeli University, 41380 Izmit, Turkey; Alternative Fuels R&D Center, Kocaeli University, 41275 Izmit, - - 2014
In this study, corn oil as vegetable oil, chicken fat and fleshing oil as animal fats were used to produce methyl ester in a biodiesel pilot plant. The FFA level of the corn oil was below 1% while those of animal fats were too high to produce biodiesel via base ...
Lee Ken W K KW Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2014
Preference for fatty foods is a risk factor for obesity. It is a complex behaviour that involves the brain reward system and is regulated by genetic and environmental factors, such as the opioid receptor mu-1 gene (OPRM1) and prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking (PEMCS). We examined whether OPRM1 and ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >