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Zhao Feng F Biomedical Engineering Department, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2014
This work combines an n-dimensional fat sat(uration) radiofrequency (RF) pulse with steady-state incoherent (SSI) pulse sequences, e.g., spoiled gradient-echo sequence, to simultaneously produce B0 insensitive fat suppression and magnetization transfer (MT) contrast. This pulse is then referred to as "fat sat and MT contrast pulse." We discuss the features of ...
Boerman J P JP Department of Animal Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing - - 2014
Increased rumen unsaturated fatty acid (FA) load is a risk factor for milk fat depression. This study evaluated if increasing the amount of unsaturated FA in the diet as triglycerides or free FA affected feed intake, yield of milk and milk components, and feed efficiency. Eighteen Holstein cows (132 ± ...
Lemieux George A GA Department of Physiology, University of California , San Francisco, CA , - - 2014
Abstract C. elegans provides a genetically tractable system for deciphering the homeostatic mechanisms that underlie fat regulation in intact organisms. Here, we provide an overview of the recent advances in the C. elegans fat field with particular attention to studies of C. elegans lipid droplets, the complex links between lipases, ...
Heruc Gabriella A GA University of - - 2014
Fat is the most potent stimulus for GLP-1 secretion. The aims of this study were to determine whether dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibition would enhance plasma active incretin (GIP, GLP-1) concentrations, and modulate the glycemic, gut hormone, triglyceride, energy expenditure and energy intake responses to intraduodenal (ID) fat infusion. In a ...
Kwon T-R TR Department of Medicine, Graduate School, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea; Department of Dermatology, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Cryolipolysis is a noninvasive method for the selective reduction of localized fat tissues. It has demonstrated efficacy in both clinical and preclinical trials; however, despite its popularity, its mechanisms of action and evaluation methods are not yet fully defined. The purpose of this study was to improved methods for cryolipolysis ...
Polsky Sarit S Anschutz Health and Wellness Center, 12348 E. Montview Blvd., MailStop C263, Aurora, CO 80045, U.S.A; Div. of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Univ. of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, P.O. Box 6511-MS 8106, 12801 E. 17th Ave., RC1 South Rm 7103, Aurora, CO 80045, - - 2014
Adults often consume more fat than is recommended. We examined factors that may improve liking of reduced fat and reduced saturated fat foods, including the addition of herbs and spices and habitual consumption of different high-fat and low-fat food items. We randomized adults to taste 3 different conditions: full fat ...
Medel Ramón R Institut de Microcirurgia Ocular , Josep Maria Llado 3, Barcelona , - - 2014
Abstract Goal: To describe a fixation technique of the medial and central fat pads in the subperiosteal pocket for transconjunctival fat transposition, using a single subdermal, non-removable, non-absorbable stitch. Materials and methods: Retrospective study of 19 patients with bilateral deep tear through treated by means of transconjunctival fat transposition. Charts ...
Hammenstig D D Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Box 463, 405 30 Göteborg, - - 2014
The effects of hatchery rearing density (conventional or one third of conventional density) and feeding regime (high or reduced dietary fat levels) on burst-swim performance and oxygen transport capacity were studied in hatchery-reared Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, using wild fish as a reference group. There was no effect of rearing ...
Bansode Rishipal R RR 1 Center for Excellence in Post Harvest Technologies, North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University , North Carolina Research Campus, Kannapolis, North Carolina, USA - - 2014
Abstract Peanut skin is a rich source of polyphenols, such as proanthocyanidins. Peanut skin proanthocyanidins mainly consist of a subgroup called procyanidins. Peanut-based procyanidins contain oligomers of both type A and type B procyanidins. Recent studies have shown that peanut skin extracts exert protection against hepatic steatosis induced on rats ...
Merkel Matthias M Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Nöthnitzer Strasse 38, 01187 Dresden, - - 2014
The conserved Fat and Core planar cell polarity (PCP) pathways work together to specify tissue-wide orientation of hairs and ridges in the Drosophila wing. Their components form intracellularly polarized complexes at adherens junctions that couple the polarity of adjacent cells and form global patterns. How Fat and Core PCP systems ...
Feinle-Bisset Christine C National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC) Centre of Research Excellence in Translating Nutritional Science to Good Health, Royal Adelaide Hospital, University of Adelaide Discipline of Medicine, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
To highlight recent research developments relating to the effects of, and interactions between, hormones and diet, as well as underlying mechanisms, on appetite, energy intake and body weight. For this purpose, clinically relevant English language articles were reviewed from October 2012 to April 2014. The mechanisms underlying nutrient-induced energy intake ...
Milanese Chiara C Laboratory of Anthropometry and Body Composition, Department of Neurological and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, - - 2014
Low-intensity, low-frequency ultrasound is increasingly being used for noninvasive, external body contouring as an alternative to liposuction or laser treatments. To evaluate the effect of chronic localized treatment with a novel ultrasound device on subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness and fat mass in young, normal weight women. Twenty-eight females (mean age = 25.5 ± 0.66 ...
Fainberg Hernan P - - 2014
Maternal diet during pregnancy can modulate skeletal muscle development of the offspring. Previous studies in pigs have indicated that a fat supplemented diet during pregnancy can improve piglet outcome, however, this is in contrast to human studies suggesting adverse effects of saturated fats during pregnancy. This study aimed to investigate ...
Lloyd Sally S SS CYO'Connor ERADE Village Foundation. 11 Erade Drive, Piara Waters, Western Australia 6112 - - 2014
The melting point (TM) of fat is relevant to health, but available methods of determining TM are cumbersome. One of the standard methods of measuring TM for animal and vegetable fats is the slip point, also known as the open capillary method. This method is imprecise and not amenable to ...
Skinner Anita A Lourdes Community Nursing Home in Westgate-on-Sea, - - 2014
While I was aware of the link between high serum cholesterol and cardiovascular disease, I was unaware of the mechanism of atheroma development. The CPD article discussed the role of low-density lipoprotein in the development of atherosclerosis, which I found very interesting.
Alptekin Ertan E Department of Automotive Engineering, Faculty of Technology, Kocaeli University, 41380 Izmit, Turkey; Alternative Fuels R&D Center, Kocaeli University, 41275 Izmit, - - 2014
In this study, corn oil as vegetable oil, chicken fat and fleshing oil as animal fats were used to produce methyl ester in a biodiesel pilot plant. The FFA level of the corn oil was below 1% while those of animal fats were too high to produce biodiesel via base ...
Lee Ken W K KW Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2014
Preference for fatty foods is a risk factor for obesity. It is a complex behaviour that involves the brain reward system and is regulated by genetic and environmental factors, such as the opioid receptor mu-1 gene (OPRM1) and prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking (PEMCS). We examined whether OPRM1 and ...
Sverdlov Aaron L AL Myocardial Biology Unit, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, - - 2014
Diet-induced obesity leads to metabolic heart disease (MHD) characterized by increased oxidative stress that may cause oxidative post-translational modifications (OPTM) of cardiac mitochondrial proteins. The functional consequences of OPTM of cardiac mitochondrial proteins in MHD are unknown. Our objective was to determine whether cardiac mitochondrial dysfunction in MHD due to ...
Eriksen Christian C Institute of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopedic Surgery M, Bispebjerg Hospital and Center for Healthy Aging, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, - - 2014
Tendon pathology is related to metabolic disease and mechanical overloading, but the effect of metabolic disease on tendon mechanics is unknown. This study investigated the effect of diet and apolipoprotein E deficiency (ApoE(-/-)) on the mechanical properties and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) cross-linking of non-weight bearing mouse tail tendons. ...
Salcedo-Sandoval Lorena L Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos y Nutrición (ICTAN-CSIC), C/ José Antonio Novais, 10, 28040, Madrid, - - 2014
The effect of cooking methods (electric grilling and pan-frying in olive oil) on the composition of reduced-fat and reduced-fat/PUFA enriched pork patties was studied. Fat reduction was performed by replacing pork backfat (38% and 100%) with konjac gel and PUFA-enrichment by replacing pork backfat (49%) with a konjac-based oil bulking ...
Bi Sheng S Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Activation of dorsomedial hypothalamic-rostral medullary raphe neural signaling promotes brown fat thermogenesis, leading to elevated body temperature. In this issue, Kataoka et al. (2014) establish an important role for this brain-brown fat thermogenic action in psychological stress-induced hyperthermia in rats, implying a potential mechanism behind human psychogenic fever.
Li S S Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS - - 2014
Angiopoietin-like protein 4 ( ANGPTL4: ) is expressed in bovine ruminal epithelium, making it possible that dietary components or commensal microbes may influence gastrointestinal ANGPTL4 production via interactions at the mucosal surface. Therefore, we conducted 3 experiments to evaluate the effects of dietary concentrate level and VFA infusions on ANGPTL4 ...
Kato Harunosuke H Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Tokyo School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-Ku, Tokyo 113-8655, - - 2014
Fat grafting is a promising modality for soft tissue augmentation/reconstruction. However, grafted fat tissue is not initially perfused and relies on plasmatic diffusion from the recipient bed until revascularization occurs. We evaluated the therapeutic effects of normobaric hyperoxygenation (NBO) for enhancing fat graft retention. Aspirated human fat tissue was cultured ...
Escande Carlos C Kogod Aging Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USADepartment of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USAInstitut Pasteur Montevideo, Montevideo, - - 2014
Obesity is often regarded as the primary cause of metabolic syndrome. However, many lines of evidence suggest that obesity may develop as a protective mechanism against tissue damage during caloric surplus, and it is only when the maximum fat accumulation capacity is reached and fatty acid spillover occurs into to ...
Avila-Poveda Omar Hernando OH División de Estudios de Posgrado, Universidad del Mar (UMAR), Puerto Ángel, Oaxaca C.P. 70902, Mexico. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cyanobacteria appear to have direct relations with mollusks in several aspects. This is the first time, distinguishing Gram-negative cyanoprokaryotic Synechococcus elongatus as bright yellow-gold autofluorescence by Lillie's and Hiss' staining methods on paraffin-embedded tissues of Crassostrea gigas. Three diets: cyanoprokaryotes, cyanoprokaryotes with microalgae, and only microalgae were evaluated. Cyanoprokaryotes were ...
González Raúl Sánchez RS Laboratorio de Biología Molecular, Unidad de Investigación Médica en Nutrición, Hospital de Pediatría, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, IMSS, México City, Mexico. Electronic address: - - 2014
During pregnancy and lactation, metabolic adaptations involve changes in expression of desaturases and elongases (Elovl2 and Elovl5) in the mammary gland and liver for the synthesis of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) such as arachidonic acid (AA) required for fetal and postnatal growth. Adipose tissue is a pool of LC-PUFAs. ...
Yao Longbiao L Cardiovascular Biology Program and Free Radical Biology and Aging Program, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, - - 2014
The chemokine receptor CXCR4 is expressed on adipocytes and macrophages in adipose tissue, but its role in this tissue remains unknown. We evaluated whether deficiency in either adipocyte or myeloid leukocyte CXCR4 affects body weight (BW) and adiposity in a mouse model of high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced obesity. We found that ablation ...
Homayounfar Reza R National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Faculty of Nutrition Science and Food Technology, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
This paper aimed to explore the role of p53 in adipose and some other peripheral tissues of a diet-induced obese model and targeted it using pharmacological approach to ameliorate diet-induced insulin resistance. Five week old male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups and fed on low-fat diet (13% ...
Hwang So-Min SM Aesthetic, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Center, Good Moonhwa Hospital, Busan, - - 2014
Liposuction is a procedure to reduce the volume of subcutaneous fat by physical force. Intracellular storage fat is composed of triglyceride, whereas circulating fat particles exist as cholesterol or triglycerol bound to carrier proteins. It is unavoidable that the storage form of fat particles enters the circulation system after these ...
Correia Aline A Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Bone Diseases, Agamenon Magalhaes Hospital, University of Pernambuco Medical School, Recife, PE, - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to bone fragility in children and adults, and to an increased risk of chronic diseases. The main sources of vitamin D are the diet and cutaneous synthesis, the latter being the most important one, since foods are relatively poor in vitamin D. The main ...
Burger Joanna J Division of Life Sciences, Rutgers University, 604 Allison Road, Piscataway, NJ, USA; Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute (EOHSI), Piscataway, NJ, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is an abundance of field data on levels of metals for feathers in a variety of birds, but relatively few data for tissues, especially for migrant species from one location. In this paper we examine the levels of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead, manganese, mercury and selenium in muscle, liver, ...
Benoit Bérengère B Lyon University, Univ - - 2014
Dairy products derived from the milk of cows fed in pastures are characterised by higher amounts of conjugated linoleic acid and α-linolenic acid (ALA), and several studies have shown their ability to reduce cardiovascular risk. However, their specific metabolic effects compared with standard dairy in a high-fat diet (HFD) context ...
Wernstedt Asterholm Ingrid I Department of Internal Medicine, Touchstone Diabetes Center, UT Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390-8549, - - 2014
Chronic inflammation constitutes an important link between obesity and its pathophysiological sequelae. In contrast to the belief that inflammatory signals exert a fundamentally negative impact on metabolism, we show that proinflammatory signaling in the adipocyte is in fact required for proper adipose tissue remodeling and expansion. Three mouse models with an ...
Schofield Jonathan D JD Cardiovascular Trials Unit, Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK; Cardiovascular Research Group, Core Technology Facility, University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2014
High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentration is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Fibrates are widely used in the management of atherogenic dyslipidemia, principally for their triglyceride-lowering and HDL-C-raising effects. Fibrates may cause paradoxical reductions in HDL-C. These reductions are usually modest, but significant reductions have been observed. The molecular ...
Oliva M E ME Department of Biochemistry, School of Biochemistry, University of Litoral, Ciudad Universitaria El Pozo cc 242, 3000, Santa Fe, - - 2014
The present study analyzes the effect of the replacement of dietary casein by soy protein on the mechanisms underlying dyslipidemia, liver steatosis and altered glucose and lipid metabolism in the skeletal muscle which developed in rats fed long-term a sucrose-rich diet (SRD). Wistar rats were fed a SRD for 4 months. ...
Romao J M JM Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6G - - 2014
Fat deposition influences both meat quality and animal productivity. However, it is not clear how fat development is regulated in growing and fattening beef cattle. This study characterized proteomic changes in subcutaneous adipose tissue from steers fed a high grain diet in an effort to understand the molecular mechanisms of ...
Meale S J SJ Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia Lethbridge Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Lethbridge, Alberta T1J 4B1, - - 2014
Knowledge of the molecular mechanisms which regulate ovine adipogenesis is very limited. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported as one of the regulatory mechanisms of adipogenesis. This study aimed to compare the expression of miRNAs related to ovine adipogenesis in different adipose depots and to investigate whether their expression is affected ...
Asilian Ali A Department of Dermatology, Skin Disease and Leishmaniasis Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Autogenous fat injection of the face is a viable and lasting remedy for soft tissue loss and has become a mainstay in facial rejuvenation. Fat transfer as either a stand-alone technique or as an adjunct to other filler technique and lifting depending on patient needs. Although soft tissue augmentation with ...
Giordano E E Laboratory of Functional Foods, Madrid Institute for Advanced Studies (IMDEA) - Food, CEI UAM+CSIC, Madrid, - - 2014
Hydroxytyrosol (HT) is the most prominent phenolic component of olives, olive oil, and their by-products, e.g. olive mill waste water. As the link between HT consumption (via extra virgin olive oil intake) and better cardiovascular prognosis is being scientifically validated, HT is entering the market as a potentially useful supplement ...
Sun Xiaowei X Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene,Public Health College, Harbin Medical University,157 Baojian Road, Nangang District,Harbin, Heilongjiang Province150081,People's Republic of - - 2014
Obesity is considered to be accompanied by a chronic low-grade inflammatory state that contributes to the occurrence of many chronic diseases. Our previous study has demonstrated that histidine supplementation significantly ameliorates inflammation and oxidative stress in obese women. However, the in vivo potential mechanisms are not known. The present study ...
Squitti Rosanna R Fatebenefratelli Foundation for Health Research and Education, AFaR Division, "San Giovanni Calibita" Fatebenefratelli Hospital, Rome, Italy; Laboratorio di Neurodegenerazione, IRCCS San Raffaele Pisana, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Copper is an essential element, and either a copper deficiency or excess can be life threatening. Recent studies have indicated that alteration of copper metabolism is one of the pathogenetic mechanisms of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In light of these findings, many researchers have proposed preventive strategies to reduce AD risk. ...
Chee Yen Wong W Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, - - 2014
Understanding individual's intention, action and maintenance to increase fruit and vegetable intake is an initial step in designing nutrition or health promotion programs. This study aimed to determine stages of change to increase fruit and vegetable intake and its relationships with fruit and vegetable intake, self-efficacy, perceived benefits and perceived ...
Fratter Andrea A 1 Innovation Technology, Labomar Research , Istrana, Treviso, Italy - - 2014
Abstract Chitosan (CH) is a polymer of glucosamine that is extracted from the shells of several sea fruits. It is well recognized as a nutritional supplement that is used to reduce body weight and blood lipid levels, but its clinical efficacy has not been clearly demonstrated. The true mechanism of ...
Sadananthan Suresh Anand SA Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Agency for Science, Technology & Research (A*STAR), Singapore; Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and National University Health System, - - 2014
To develop an automatic segmentation algorithm to classify abdominal adipose tissues into visceral fat (VAT), deep (DSAT), and superficial (SSAT) subcutaneous fat compartments and evaluate its performance against manual segmentation. Data were acquired from 44 normal (BMI 18.0-22.9 kg/m(2) ) and 38 overweight (BMI 23.0-29.9 kg/m(2) ) subjects at 3T ...
Kamel Kamel S KS Renal Division, St Michael's Hospital and University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Our purpose is to integrate new insights in potassium (K(+)) physiology to understand K(+) homeostasis and illustrate some of their clinical implications. Since control mechanisms that are essential for survival were likely developed in Paleolithic times, we think the physiology of K(+) homeostasis can be better revealed when viewed from ...
Rodrigues Pedro O PO CEDOC, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Campo dos Mártires da Pátria 130, 1169-056 Lisbon, - - 2014
Canned sardines are a ready-to-use fish product with excellent nutritional properties owing to its high n-3 long-chain PUFA content, mainly EPA (20 : 5n-3) and DHA (22 : 6n-3). The present study aimed to assess the effect of two dosages of canned sardines, recommended for the primary and secondary prevention of human CVD, on ...
Gurzell Eric A EA Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, MI, United - - 2014
Despite numerous studies investigating n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) supplementation and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), the extent to which dietary n-3 LCPUFAs incorporate in gastrointestinal (GI) tissues and correlate with red blood cell (RBC) n-3 LCPUFA content is unknown. In this study, mice were fed three diets with ...
Valente Angelica A FAME Laboratory, Centre for Research and Technology Hellas, Karies, Trikala, 42100, Greece; School of Physical Education and Exercise Sciences, University of Thessaly, Trikala, 42100, - - 2014
An increase in energy intake and/or a decrease in energy expenditure lead to fat storage, causing overweight and obesity phenotypes. The objective of this review was to analyse, for the first time using a systematic approach, all published evidence from the past 8 years regarding the molecular pathways linking non-shivering thermogenesis ...
Lillefosse Haldis H - - 2014
Whey protein intake is associated with modulation of energy metabolism and altered body composition both in human subjects and in animals, but the underlying mechanisms is yet not elucidated. We fed obesity prone C57BL/6J mice high-fat diets with either casein (HF Casein) or whey (HF whey) for six weeks. At ...
Lu Kun - - 2014
To describe the preparation of nano emodin transfersome (NET) and investigate its effect on mRNA expression of adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) and G0/G1 switch gene 2 (G0S2) in adipose tissue of diet-induced obese rats. NET was prepared by film-ultrasonic dispersion method. The effects of emodin components at different ratios on ...
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