Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1114
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Hawkes W C - - 2001
A deficiency of dietary selenium leads to immotile, deformed sperm and infertility in rats, whereas supplementation of the diet with selenium compounds has been associated with both beneficial and deleterious effects on sperm function, depending on the chemical form of selenium. We conducted a randomized, controlled, and blinded intervention study ...
Xu G - - 2001
The aim of this study was to study the inhibitory effect of dietary stanols (campestanol and sitostanol) fatty acid esters (SE) on intestinal cholesterol absorption. New Zealand white rabbits were fed regular chow alone or enriched with 0.2% cholesterol, 0.33% SE + cholesterol, 0.66% SE + cholesterol, 1.2% SE + ...
Grases F - - 2001
Phytate (inositol hexaphosphate; InsP6) was determined in rat tissues fed on diets with different phytate contents, using a GC-mass detection methodology that permitted the evaluation of the total amount of this substance present in such tissues. The highest InsP6 concentrations were found in brain 5.89 x 10(-2)(SE 5.7 x 10(-3)) ...
Kang B P - - 2001
The present study was designed to demonstrate the involvement of immune response in experimental atherogenesis. The mitogenic stimulation of lymphocytes and NO production by macrophages in experimental atherogenesis were studied. Further, influence of selenium a potent antioxidant was also studied in the disease process. Three different treatment groups of rats ...
Turan B - - 2001
Since selenium and vitamin E have been increasingly recognized as an essential element in biology and medicine, current research activities in the field of human medicine and nutrition are devoted to the possibilities of using these antioxidants for the prevention or treatment of many diseases. The present study was aimed ...
Avanzo J L - - 2001
One-day-old chicks were reared using diets that differed in their vitamin E and/or selenium content. In chicks depleted of both selenium and vitamin E, signs of exudative diathesis on the superficial pectoralis muscle were observed. The purpose of this research was to determine the defective points of the antioxidant defense ...
Lumbers M - - 2001
Fractured neck of femur occurs mostly in the older female population and is generally caused by falls. Malnutrition has been postulated as a factor that increases the tendency to suffer falls. Nutritional status of older female hospital patients admitted for emergency surgery for fractured neck of femur recruited (n 75), ...
Ogawa K - - 2001
In order to study the relationship between GSH and flowering, wild-type and late-flowering mutant, fca-1, of Arabidopsis thaliana were treated with L-buthionine sulfoximine (BSO), a specific inhibitor of GSH biosynthesis, under long-day conditions. BSO treatment of the fca-1 mutant starting at 17 d after imbibition promoted flowering. However, when the ...
Attri S - - 2001
Status of oxidative/antioxidative profile was the mechanistic approach to inumerate the nature of protection by N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in isoniazid (INH) exposed experimental animals. Analysis of lipid peroxidation, thiol levels, cytochrome P450, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, glutathione peroxidase, reductase and transferase were estimated in liver along with the body and liver ...
Norwood J J - - 2001
Inhaled urban particulate matter (PM) often contains metals that appear to contribute to its toxicity. These particles first make contact with a thin layer of epithelial lining fluid in the respiratory tract. Antioxidants present in this fluid and in cells might be important susceptibility factors in PM toxicity. We investigated ...
Aburto E M - - 2001
This study evaluates the ability of selenium (Se) supplementation to prevent experimental copper (Cu)-induced hepatocellular damage. Weanling male Fischer 344 rats were randomly assigned to groups of 15, 3 groups (A,B,C) were fed Cu-loaded diets (containing 2000 microg/g copper, added as CuSO4) and different levels of Se (added as Na2SeO3 ...
Kim Y Y - - 2001
An experiment evaluated the selenosis effects from feeding high dietary Se levels of organic or inorganic Se sources to growing gilts with the dietary treatments continued through a reproductive cycle. A total of 88 gilts were allotted at 25 kg BW to two replicates in a 2 x 4 factorial ...
Federico A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of oral administration of selenium and zinc tablets in patients with cancer of the digestive tract during chemotherapy. DESIGN: A case-control, randomized study. SETTING: Medical Oncology, II University of Naples, Naples, Italy. SUBJECTS: A total of 60 patients (median age 55 y, range 46-61 y) ...
Kim Y Y - - 2001
This experiment evaluated the effect of high dietary Se levels using organic or inorganic Se on the selenosis responses in growing-finishing swine. A 2 x 4 factorial arrangement of treatments in a randomized complete block design was conducted in two replicates. Sodium selenite or Se-enriched yeast was added at 5, ...
Kim Y Y - - 2001
The first experiment evaluated the effects of feeding various levels of Se, two Se sources, and hair color on selenosis responses in growing-finishing pigs. The study conducted in two replicates was a 2 x 6 x 2 factorial arrangement in a split-plot design. Sodium selenite and Se-enriched yeast added at ...
Corbera J A - - 2001
Blood glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) levels in 709 normal dromedary camels (442 females and 267 males) were assessed in the Canary Islands. All animals were intensively reared, and three different nutritional systems were evaluated, depending on selenium content of the diet. Mean GSH-Px level in the total population was 288.5+/-157.2 IU ...
Moak M A - - 2001
The AIN-93 reformulation of the AIN-76A rodent diet includes a change in selenium supplement from sodium selenite to sodium selenate to reduce dietary lipid peroxidation. A change to selenate as the standard form of Se in rat diets would render results from previous work using selenite less relevant for comparison ...
Sun Y - - 2001
Previous studies in selenium (Se)-depleted sheep and rats showed that selenoprotein W (SeW) levels decreased in all tissues except brain. To further investigate this depletion in different parts of the brain, second generation Se-depleted rats were used. Dams consumed a Se-deficient basal diet during gestation and lactation, and deficient rats ...
Yu S - - 2001
The question addressed was whether the influence of dietary copper concentration on selenium metabolism depends on the amount of selenium in the diet. Weanling, male rats were fed purified diets containing either 1 (low), 4 (normal) or 42 (high) mg Cu/kg diet and either 0.03 (low), 0.05 (normal) or 1.0 ...
Brusque A - - 2001
Levels of methylmalonic acid (MMA) comparable to those of human methylmalonic acidemia were achieved in blood (2-2.5 mmol/l) and brain (1.35 umol/g) of rats by administering buffered MMA, pH 7.4, subcutaneously twice a day from the 5th to the 28th day of life. MMA doses ranged from 0.76 to 1.67 ...
Schrauzer G N - - 2001
Selenium supplements contain selenium in different chemical forms. In the majority of supplements, the selenium is present as selenomethionine. However, in multivitamin preparations, infant formulas, protein mixes, weight-loss products and animal feed, sodium selenite and sodium selenate are predominantly used. In some products, selenium is present in protein- or amino ...
Ivancic J J - - 2001
The effects of dietary sulfate and selenium concentrations on selenium balance in dairy cows were investigated. Midlactation Holstein cows (n = 30) were fed diets containing either 0.1 or 0.3 mg of supplemental Se (from sodium selenate)/kg of dry matter and 0, 0.2, or 0.4% added S from a mix ...
Gebel T W - - 2001
Arsenic (As) is one of the most important environmental global toxicants. In various countries and for decades people have been and currently are exposed to inorganic As through geogenically contaminated drinking water. An increased incidence of diseases mediated by this toxic element is the consequence of long-term exposure. Despite past ...
Saeki K - - 2001
Silver in the three species of pinnipeds [northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus), Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus), and harbor seal (Phoca vitulina)] caught in the North Pacific Ocean were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, in order to understand accumulation and distribution of silver in pinnipeds. In northern fur seals, ...
Djujić I S - - 2000
Bioavailability and possible benefits of wheat intake naturally enriched with selenium and its products was tested. Wheat obtained by application of an original combination and procedure for foliar supplementation of plants with Se was characterized on the average by five times higher content of Se, the main form being L-(+)-selenomethionine ...
Alisantosa B - - 2000
The pathogenicity of two isolates of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (SE) phage type (PT) 4, three of PT8 and one of PT23 was investigated in groups of 1-day-old specific pathogen free White Leghorn chicks. Two groups were crop gavaged with each culture but at two different doses. Two additional groups ...
To H - - 2000
The chronopharmacokinetics and chronopharmacodynamics of cisplatin were studied in a mouse model to reveal the mechanisms of dosing time-dependent nephrotoxicity induced by daily administration. Chronotoxicity was tested by daily intraperitoneal injections of cisplatin (6mg kg(-1)) for 5 days at four time points (04:00, 10:00, 16:00 and 22:00h) in BALB/c mice ...
Kang B P - - 2000
Male New Zealand White rabbits were divided into three groups: (I) control, (II) high-fat-diet (HFD) fed, and (III) HFD fed + selenium supplemented. After 3 mo of treatment, there was a significant increase in serum cholesterol and triglycerides in the HFD-fed group as compared to the control. However in the ...
Shiobara Y - - 2000
Male Wistar rats were fed a diet containing selenium (Se) in the form of 82Se-enriched selenite at the adequate concentration of 0.2 microg Se/g diet, i.e. a Se-deficient diet (<0.03 microg Se/g) fortified with 82Se-enriched selenite, from 5 weeks of age for 20 days, and the systemic disposition of the ...
Jianhua H - - 2000
As there is a possibility that Se influences the growth of animals via thyroid hormone metabolism, the following three experiments were undertaken in order to determine the effects of dietary Se on growth, skeletal muscle protein turnover and thyroid hormone status in broiler chickens. Broiler chickens were raised on a ...
Yamamoto J T - - 2000
Body composition was measured in male American kestrels (Falco sparverius) beginning after a 77-day exposure to 0, 6, or 12 ppm (dry wt.) selenium as seleno-L-methionine in their diet. Total body mass, lean body mass, and body fat were compared among groups to identify potential wasting effects of selenium, as ...
Sinclair K D - - 2000
The ruminal degradability, intake, and metabolism of diets differing in their relative rate of energy and nitrogen release in the rumen were characterized prior to their use in a study of the effects of high peripheral levels of ammonia on reproductive function in cattle. In a 2 x 2 factorial ...
Spolarics Z - - 2000
Hepatic steatosis and the accompanying oxidative stress have been associated with a variety of liver diseases. It is not known if fat accumulation per se plays a direct role in the oxidative stress of the organ. This study tested if steatosis induced by a short-term carbohydrate-rich diet results in an ...
Debusk B C - - 2000
The effects of diet and other non-anthropogenic stressors on biochemical defenses and their relationship to susceptibility have been largely ignored in wildlife populations. Lanosol is a compound found in relatively high amounts in various marine species of Rhodophyta, including Odonthalia dentata. While previous studies demonstrated that lanosol is a feeding ...
Prieto I - - 2000
Boer (3/4) x Spanish (1/4) (BC; n = 23) and Spanish (SP; n = 22) goat wethers, 4 to 4.5 mo of age and 17.6 and 19.4 kg initial BW, respectively (SE = 0.57), were used to determine effects on growth of protein concentration in 70% concentrate diets provided for ...
Finley J W - - 2000
Colon cancer is the third most common newly diagnosed cancer in the United States and the third most common cause of cancer-related deaths. Previous supplementation studies have demonstrated the efficacy of selenium (Se) for prevention of colon cancer in humans. The metabolism of Se depends on its chemical form, and ...
Sañudo C - - 2000
Ninety commercial lamb carcasses were analysed according to the four different fat classes in the light lamb European classification system. Shoulder fat increased 3%, muscle decreased 2% and bone decreased 1% for each class increase. No significant differences were found among fat classes regarding pH, WHC, cooking losses, juiciness, myoglobin ...
Igarashi K - - 2000
The preventive effects of acylated anthocyanins from red cabbage on paraquat-induced oxidative stress were determined in rats. Decreased food intake and body weight gain, and increased lung weight and atherogenic index by feeding the rats on a diet containing paraquat were clearly suppressed by supplementing acylated anthocynins to the paraquat ...
Lampe J W - - 2000
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) conjugate activated xenobiotics with glutathione; thus, GST induction may improve detoxification and excretion of potentially harmful compounds. Using a randomized cross-over design, we tested the hypothesis that, in humans, serum GST-alpha concentration (GST-alpha) and GST activity increase with vegetable consumption and that this effect is GSTM1 genotype ...
De S - - 2000
The chemopreventive action of quercetin was examined during 20-methyl cholanthrene induced cervical neoplasia in virgin Swiss albino mice. The effects were evaluated on the basis of histopathological observation of the cervical epithelium, micronucleus frequency in vaginal exfoliated cells and some biochemical parameters in the host liver. Quercetin was found to ...
Chen X - - 2000
Two well-known antioxidative nutrients, vitamin E and selenium, were used in this study to investigate possible inhibitory action against the formation of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) in rats. In this model, carcinogenesis is believed to be driven by oxidative stress. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (8 weeks old) were divided into four groups ...
Ducros V - - 2000
Previous observations have suggested that lipoproteins may be involved in the transport of selenium in humans. To further investigate this question, selenium was measured in lipoprotein fractions isolated from plasma of healthy adults. A gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric method using the isotopic dilution technique was developed to ensure a reliable measurement ...
Kaur R - - 2000
Selenium is an essential micronutrient for animals. To determine whether its excess in diet induces morphological changes within the male reproductive system, a detailed qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the changes in the histology of the testis and cauda epididymis was undertaken in male rats. Adult male albino rats were ...
Chandler W L - - 2000
A 5 microg/kg bolus of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) was infused into 11 healthy subjects followed by measurement of t-PA activity and antigen, PAI-1 activity and antigen, t-PA/PAI-1 complex, plasmin/antiplasmin (PAP) complex and D-dimer over 4 h. Infusion of t-PA resulted in a rise in PAP levels in all subjects ...
Bates J M - - 2000
The iodothyronine deiodinases, D1, D2, and D3, all contain selenium (Se) in the form of selenocysteine at their active sites, and they play crucial roles in determining the circulating and intracellular levels of the active thyroid hormone (TH), T3. However, not only are serum T3 levels normal in Se-deficient rats ...
Turan B - - 2000
Selenium, being an essential mineral in the mammalian diet, is important in providing protection against oxidative damage. Numerous in vitro studies of selenium compounds reveal a very high correlation between catalytic activity of selenium compounds and toxicity. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of dietary selenium on ...
Seppänen K - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of four months of yeast-based selenium supplementation on selenium and mercury status in subjects with low serum selenium. The study was carried out in Rakvere, Estonia. Pubic hair mercury, serum selenium and blood selenium concentrations in 23 subjects (serum selenium ...
Aydemir T - - 2000
The biologically damaging effects of reactive oxygen species are controlled in vivo by a wide spectrum of antioxidant defence mechanisms. Dietary constituents of antioxidant vitamins and trace elements may play an important role in protecting against oxidant damage. The effects of supplementation of vitamins A, C, E and trace elements ...
Beck M A - - 2000
It has long been known that the nutritional status of the host can influence both susceptibility to infectious disease and the severity of the disease if contracted. In studies of coxsackievirus infection and selenium deficiency in mice, we found that mice fed a selenium-deficient diet developed myocarditis, but mice fed ...
Ip C - - 2000
A recent human intervention trial showed that daily supplementation with selenized yeast (Se-yeast) led to a decrease in the overall cancer morbidity and mortality by nearly 50%; past research has also demonstrated that selenized garlic (Se-garlic) is very effective in mammary cancer chemoprevention in the rat model. The goal of ...
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