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Páez-Rosas Diego D Universidad San Francisco de Quito (USFQ) and Galapagos Science Center, Galápagos, Ecuador; Dirección Parque Nacional Galápagos, Unidad Técnica Operativa San Cristóbal, Galápagos, - - 2014
The feeding success of predators is associated with the competition level for resources, and, thus, sympatric species are exposed to a potential trophic overlap. Isotopic Bayesian mixing models should provide a better understanding of the contribution of preys to the diet of predators and the feeding behavior of a species ...
Bernard L L 1INRA,UMR 1213 Herbivores,Equipe Alimentation Génomique Lactation,Site de Theix,F-63122 - - 2014
Based on the potential benefits for long-term human health, there is interest in developing sustainable nutritional strategies for lowering medium-chain saturated fatty acids (FA) and increasing specific unsaturated FA in ruminant milk. Dietary supplements of extruded linseeds (EL), fish oil (FO) or a mixture of EL and FO increase cis-9,trans-11 ...
Hietavala E-M EM Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, - - 2014
Background:Diets rich in animal protein and cereal grains and deficient in vegetables and fruits may cause low-grade metabolic acidosis, which may impact exercise and health. We hypothesized that (1) a normal-protein diet with high amount of vegetables and fruits (HV) induces more alkaline acid-base balance compared with a high-protein diet ...
- - 2014
Following a Mediterranean diet appears to be associated with longer telomeres, an established DNA marker of slower ageing, a large study of nurses suggests.
Edefonti V V Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, via G. Venezian 1, 20122 Milan, - - 2014
Background:To our knowledge, no study assessed the association between dietary patterns and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in low-incidence areas.Methods:We examined this association in a hospital-based case-control study carried out in Italy between 1992 and 2008, including 198 incident NPC cases and 594 controls. A posteriori dietary patterns were identified through principal ...
Freitas Denise R DR Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil, Belo Horizonte, - - 2014
Casein (CN) micelles are colloidal aggregates of protein dispersed in milk, the importance of which in the dairy industry is related to functionality and yield in dairy products. The objective of this work was to investigate the correlation of milk CN micelles diameter from Holstein and Zebu crossbreds with milk ...
Trichopoulou Antonia A Hellenic Health Foundation, 13 Kaisareias and Alexandroupoleos Street, 115 27, Athens, - - 2014
Evidence suggests that dietary patterns compatible with the traditional Mediterranean diet (MD) may protect against cognitive decline. We prospectively assessed whether adherence to MD in the Mediterranean country of Greece is inversely associated with cognitive decline in the elderly and whether any particular MD component may play a key role. ...
Alkerwi Ala'a A Centre de Recherche Public Santé, Centre d'Etudes en Santé, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg,1A rue Thomas - - 2014
The consumption of ready-made meals, such as pre-packaged dishes, available at grocery stores and fast-food restaurants, is a habit related to our modern fast-paced lives. No study has examined the association of daily ready-made meal consumption with diet quality or health-related outcomes. The present study aimed to investigate the association ...
Alkerwi Ala'a A Centre de Recherche Public de la Santé, Centre d'Etudes en Santé,1A rue Thomas - - 2014
The scientific community has become increasingly interested in the overall quality of diets rather than in single food-based or single nutrient-based approaches to examine diet-disease relationships. Despite the plethora of indices used to measure diet quality, there still exist questions as to which of these can best predict health outcomes. ...
Kim J H JH a Department of Animal Science and Technology , Chung-Ang University , Anseong-si , Gyeonggi-do 456-756 , Republic of - - 2014
Abstract 1. Bacteriophages (BP) have gained increasing attention as a treatment of bacterial infection for animals. However, the data pertaining to dietary application of BP for laying hens have been limited. 2. This study aimed to investigate the effect of dietary BP on laying performance, egg quality, and caecal bacterial ...
Kim E T ET Resources Development Institute, Seoul 134-851, Korea - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the in vitro effects of coconut materials on ruminal methanogenesis and fermentation characteristics, in particular their effectiveness for mitigating ruminal methanogenesis. Fistulated Holstein cows were used as the donor of rumen fluid. Coconut materials were added to an in vitro fermentation incubated ...
Petrera F F Consiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura, Centro di ricerca per le produzioni foraggere e lattiero casearie, Cremona, - - 2014
The aim of this work was to compare energy and lipid metabolism during the peripartum period between Modenese (MO) and Italian Friesian (IF) cows. The study was carried out on 33 pluriparous pregnant cows, 19 IF and 14 MO, reared together in the same herd and kept under equal conditions ...
Silveira Erika Aparecida EA School of Medicine, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, GO, - - 2014
Polypharmacy is a common practice among the elderly, but few studies have evaluated its association with nutritional markers. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of polypharmacy and its association with nutritional markers, chronic diseases, sociodemographic and health variables. This research is part of the Study Elderly/Goiânia, ...
Stein Evan A EA Metabolic and Atherosclerosis Research Center, 5355 Medpace Way, Cincinnati, OH 45227, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although the past 4 decades have been the most productive in transitioning from an low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) hypothesis to demonstration of clinical benefit, cardiovascular disease remains a major cause of mortality and morbidity. It is fortunate that most of the effective lipid-lowering drugs, the statins, have become generic and inexpensive. ...
Richter Chesney K CK Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 110 Chandlee Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802, - - 2014
There is evidence from epidemiologic studies and clinical trials demonstrating that the Mediterranean dietary pattern reduces the risk of many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease (CVD), and the attendant risk factors. A Mediterranean-style diet reflects most food and nutrient goals in current dietary guidelines. Minor modifications to reduce sodium and ...
Sousa D O DO Department of Animal Science, School of Veterinary Medicine, Universidade de São Paulo, Pirassununga, São Paulo, - - 2014
Fiber digestibility is an important factor regulating DMI in ruminants. Additionally, the ensiling process can also affect digestibility and chemical composition of the forage. The objective of this study was to investigate effects of sugarcane NDF digestibility (NDFD) and conservation method on intake, rumen kinetics, and the ruminal ecosystem of ...
Wierzbicki Anthony S AS Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals, London, UK - - 2014
Hyperlipidaemia is a major risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Statins are the mainstay of therapy and new guidelines focus on the use of these agents without specific targets for low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol or non high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol. However, patients remain at risk of cardiovascular disease ...
Ly-Verdú Saray S Joint Mass Spectrometry Centre, Cooperation Group "Comprehensive Molecular Analytics", Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen, 85764, Neuherberg, - - 2014
Insulin resistance (IR) lies at the origin of type 2 diabetes. It induces initial compensatory insulin secretion until insulin exhaustion and subsequent excessive levels of glucose (hyperglycemia). A high-calorie diet is a major risk factor contributing to the development of this metabolic disease. For this study, a time-course experiment was ...
Stacey Fiona G FG School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, W4, HMRI Building, Callaghan, NSW, 2308, Australia, - - 2014
Little is known about how to improve and create sustainable lifestyle behaviors of cancer survivors. Interventions based on social cognitive theory (SCT) have shown promise. This review examined the effect of SCT-based physical activity and nutrition interventions that target cancer survivors and identified factors associated with their efficacy. A systematic ...
Siervo Mario M Human Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Campus for Ageing and Vitality,Newcastle upon TyneNE4 - - 2014
The Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) is recommended to lower blood pressure (BP), but its effects on cardiometabolic biomarkers are unclear. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCT) was conducted to determine the effects of the DASH diet on cardiovascular risk factors. Medline, Embase and Scopus ...
Corey K E KE Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is associated with dyslipidemia and cardiovascular disease (CVD). To determine the relationship between resolution of NASH and dyslipidemia. Individuals in the Pioglitazone vs. Vitamin E vs. Placebo for the Treatment of Nondiabetic Patients with Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (PIVENS) trial with paired liver biopsies and fasting lipid levels were ...
Ha Connie Wy CW Connie WY Ha, Andrew J Holmes, School of Molecular Bioscience and Charles Perkins Centre, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW 2006, - - 2014
Gut microbes comprise a high density, biologically active community that lies at the interface of an animal with its nutritional environment. Consequently their activity profoundly influences many aspects of the physiology and metabolism of the host animal. A range of microbial structural components and metabolites directly interact with host intestinal ...
Matyus Steven P SP LipoScience, Inc., Raleigh, NC. Electronic address: - - 2014
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has been successfully applied to the measurement of high density lipoprotein (HDL) particles, providing particle concentrations for total HDL particle number (HDL-P), HDL subclasses (small, medium, large) and weighted, average HDL size for many years. Key clinical studies have demonstrated that NMR-measured HDL-P was more ...
Sundström B B Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Rheumatology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate whether alcohol and diet, assessed as both macronutrients and dietary patterns, increased the risk of development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) through a nested case-control design in the Västerbotten Intervention Program (VIP) cohort. Individuals in the VIP who had developed RA after the ...
Girard Philippe P Laboratoires Biocodex, Service de Pharmacologie, Compiègne, - - 2014
Background/Aims: Hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease and probiotics have been suggested as tools to manage elevated cholesterol levels. Methods: The present study investigated the ability of the biotherapeutic agent Saccharomyces boulardii (Sb-Biocodex) to reduce the hypercholesterolemia induced by a 0.1% cholesterol-enriched diet in the hamster. ...
Martin Laura A LA Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Dalhousie University, Sir Charles Tupper Medical Building 9G, PO Box 15000, Halifax, NS, B3H 4R2, - - 2014
Mitochondria require cholesterol for biogenesis and membrane maintenance, and for the synthesis of steroids, oxysterols and hepatic bile acids. Multiple pathways mediate the transport of cholesterol from different subcellular pools to mitochondria. In steroidogenic cells, the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) interacts with a mitochondrial protein complex to mediate cholesterol ...
Negele L L Division of Clinical Nutrition and Prevention, Department of Paediatrics and Adolescents Medicine, Vienna Medical University, Vienna, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:There is convincing evidence that unsaturated fatty acids exert favourable effects on plasma cholesterol levels. However, it is not clear which type of oil has the most pronounced effect, especially not in paediatric patients. The aim was to compare two low-fat diet regimes enriched with either monounsaturated fatty acids by ...
Berry-Kravis Elizabeth E Departments of Pediatrics, Rush University Medical Center, USA; Departments of Neurological Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, USA; Departments of Biochemistry, Rush University Medical Center, - - 2014
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is associated with intellectual disability and behavioral dysfunction, including anxiety, ADHD symptoms, and autistic features. Although individuals with FXS are largely considered healthy and lifespan is not thought to be reduced, very little is known about the long-term medical health of adults with FXS and no ...
Panasevich Matthew R MR Department of Animal Sciences,University of Illinois,1207 West Gregory - - 2014
Inclusion of fermentable fibres in the diet can have an impact on the hindgut microbiome and provide numerous health benefits to the host. Potato fibre (PF), a co-product of potato starch isolation, has a favourable chemical composition of pectins, resistant and digestible starch, cellulose, and hemicelluloses. The objective of the ...
Emet Mucahit M Department of Emergency, Faculty of Medicine, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Our aims were, to clarify the blood lipid differences [Total serum cholesterol (TC), High-density lipoprotein (HDL), Low density lipoprotein (LDL), Triglyceride (TG)] between female patients who had attempted suicide and controls and to determine whether we could use the patients׳ initial lipid profiles to predict suicide re-attempt within the subsequent ...
Dawson Aprill Z AZ Center for Health Disparities Research, Medical University of South Carolina, 135 Rutledge Avenue, Room 280, PO Box 250593, Charleston, SC, 29425, - - 2014
Objective: This study used a large sample size of black and white patients with type 2 diabetes to investigate the influence of perceived racial discrimination on biologic measures (glycemic control, blood pressure, and LDL cholesterol), the mental component of quality of life (MCS), and health behaviors known to improve diabetes ...
Lopes F F Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison - - 2014
An in vivo study was performed to validate an in vitro procedure that predicts rate of fiber digestion and total-tract neutral detergent fiber digestibility (TTNDFD). Two corn silages that differed in fiber digestibility were used in this trial. The corn silage with lower fiber digestibility (LFDCS) had the TTNDFD prediction ...
Dubé Joseph B JB Robarts Research Institute, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, - - 2014
-Inuit are considered to be vulnerable to cardiovascular disease (CVD) as their lifestyles become more Westernized. During sequence analysis of Inuit individuals at extremes of lipid traits, we identified two nonsynonymous variants in LDLR encoding the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor, namely p.G116S and p.R730W. -Genotyping these variants in 3,324 Inuit ...
Kim Chan Ho CH Department of Internal Medicine, International St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic Kwandong University College of Medicine, Incheon, - - 2014
Background/Aims: Using a cohort of incident hemodialysis (HD) patients, this study investigated the impact of lipid profiles on clinical outcomes, especially in the early period of dialysis. Methods: A prospective cohort of 867 incident HD patients was selected. In order to determine the impact of cholesterol level on primary outcome, ...
Gesteiro Eva E Servicio de Análisis Clínicos, Hospital de Mérida, Polígono Nueva Ciudad s/n, 06800, Mérida, Badajoz, - - 2014
Mediterranean diet consumption is associated to low prevalence of major degenerative diseases. Low Mediterranean-diet-adherence (MDA) score has been related to high insulin and homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance levels at birth. The relationship between maternal MDA and offspring lipoprotein profile at birth has been scarcely reported. Cross-sectional study aimed to study ...
Vidal-Casariego Alfonso A a Unidad de Nutrición Clínica y Dietética, Sección de Endocrinología y Nutrición, Complejo Asistencial Universitario de León , León , - - 2014
Current nutritional guidelines encourage the reduction of fat intake from animal sources like dairy products. The aim was to determine whether the consumption of low-fat dairy is related to poorer dietary intake and nutritional status in cancer patients at risk of malnutrition. This cross-sectional included patients with solid or hematological ...
Holland Philip R PR 1] Centre for Neuroregeneration, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK [2] Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK [3] Present address: Department of Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, - - 2014
Hypertension is linked with an increased risk of white matter hyperintensities; however, recent findings have questioned this association. We examined whether hypertension and additional cerebrovascular risk factors impacted on white matter integrity in an inducible hypertensive rat. No white matter hyperintensities were observed on magnetic resonance imaging either alone or ...
Ax Erika E Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food intake contributes substantially to our exposure to environmental contaminants. Still, little is known about our dietary habits' contribution to exposure variability. The aim of this study was to assess circulating levels of environmental contaminants in relation to predefined dietary patterns in an elderly Swedish population. Dietary data and serum ...
Maddox Thomas M TM Cardiology Section, VA Eastern Colorado Health Care System, Denver, Colorado; University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado. Electronic address: - - 2014
In a significant update, the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) cholesterol guidelines recommend fixed-dose statin therapy for those at risk and do not recommend nonstatin therapies or treatment to target low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels, limiting the need for repeated LDL-C testing. The goal of this study ...
Rohatgi Anand A From the Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine (A.R., A.K., J.D.B., E.G.G., C.R.A., I.J.N., J.A.L.), and the Center for Pulmonary and Vascular Biology, Department of Pediatrics (I.S.Y., P.W.S.), University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas; the Department of Internal Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta (K.E.W.); and the Departments of Genetics and Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia - - 2014
Background It is unclear whether high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentration plays a causal role in atherosclerosis. A more important factor may be HDL cholesterol efflux capacity, the ability of HDL to accept cholesterol from macrophages, which is a key step in reverse cholesterol transport. We investigated the epidemiology of cholesterol ...
Wang H T HT Department of Animal Science, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan, 111, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of yeast with bacteriocin from Ruminococcus albus 7 (albusin B) on physiological state and production performance of laying hens. One hundred and twenty 26-week-old Single Comb White Leghorn (Hyline) laying hens were assigned into five groups including: (i) control group, ...
García-Calzón Sonia S Department of Nutrition, Food Science & Physiology, University of Navarra, Pamplona, - - 2014
-The gene variant Pro/Ala (rs1801282) in the PPARγ2 has been associated with lower cardiovascular risk and greater benefit from lifestyle interventions. This polymorphism also seems to be associated with longer lifespan, but no information on telomere length (TL) is available. Our aim was to study the association between the Ala ...
Ibba Fabrizio F Department of Veterinary Sciences and Public Health, University of Milan, Via Celoria 10, 20133, Milan, Italy; Veterinary Clinic Poggio di Pini, Capoterra (CA), - - 2014
In order to assess whether the concentration of high density lipoproteins (HDLs) changes in leishmaniotic dogs before and after treatment, HDL cholesterol (HDL-Chol and HDL%), C reactive protein (CRP) and activity of the antioxidant enzyme paraoxonase (PON-1) were measured in sera from 10 controls and 10 leishmaniotic dogs. Seven of ...
Jacquier V V INRA, UMR 1388 Génétique, Physiologie et Systèmes d'Elevage, F-31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France Université de Toulouse INPT ENSAT, UMR 1388 Génétique, Physiologie et Systèmes d'Elevage, F-31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France Université de Toulouse INPT ENVT, UMR 1388 Génétique, Physiologie et Systèmes d'Elevage, F-31076 Toulouse, - - 2014
This study aimed at comparing various diets predicted to induce different stimulations of the cecal microbial activity of the young rabbit fed ad libitum from 16 to 70 d of age: i)- a diet enriched with rapidly fermentable fiber expected to stimulate the cecal microbial activity (RFF group); ii)- a ...
Salcedo J J *Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, University Cardenal Herrera-CEU, Avd. Seminario s/n, 46113, Moncada, Valencia, Spain †Division of Neonatology, University and Polytechnic Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Spain ‡Department of Animal Production and Food Science & Technology, Faculty of Veterinary, University Cardenal Herrera-CEU, C/ Tirant lo Blanc, 7. 46115 Alfara del Patriarca, Valencia, Spain §Pharmacy Department. Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, University Cardenal Herrera-CEU, Avd. Seminario s/n, 46113, Moncada, Valencia, - - 2014
Lyophilization appears to be a viable method for storing human milk, assuring no microbiological contamination and preserving its health benefits and antibacterial properties. To evaluate and compare the effects of different storage methods (lyophilization and freezing at -20°C and -80°C) and maternal factors (gestational length or time postpartum) upon the ...
Kotova Natalia N Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute, Stockholm University, 106 91, Stockholm, Sweden, - - 2014
Nutrients and food constituents can prevent or contribute to genotoxicity. In this study, the possible influence of a vegetarian/non-vegetarian diet on genotoxic effects was investigated in 58 non-smoking healthy vegetarians (V) and non-vegetarians (NV), age 21-37 years from the Stockholm area in Sweden. Physical activity and dietary habits were similar in ...
Zago V H S VH Lipid Laboratory and Center for Medicine and Experimental Surgery, Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas, Rua Tessália Vieira de Camargo, 126, PO Box 6111, Campinas, SP, 13084-971, - - 2014
ATP binding cassette transporter G1 (ABCG1) promotes lipidation of nascent high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles, acting as an intracellular transporter. SNP rs1893590 (c.-204A > C) of ABCG1 gene has been previously studied and reported as functional over plasma HDL-C and lipoprotein lipase activity. This study aimed to investigate the relationships of SNP rs1893590 ...
Kim Jungsoo J Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Kyung Hee University, 1 Seocheon-dong, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, 446-701, Republic of Korea, - - 2014
The feathers and diet items of grey heron (Ardea cinerea) and black-crowned night-heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) chicks were collected at the Pyeongtaek colony, Korea in 2002 and 2008, and Cd, Pb, Mn and Zn concentrations were measured. Cd and Zn concentrations were higher in both species in 2008 than 2002 and ...
Arndt C C Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison - - 2014
Two trials were conducted simultaneously to study the effects of varying alfalfa silage (AS) to corn silage (CS) ratio in diets formulated to avoid excess protein or starch on lactating dairy cow performance, digestibility, ruminal parameters, N balance, manure production and composition, and gaseous emissions [carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), ...
Greco L F LF Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville - - 2014
The study was designed to evaluate the effects of altering the ratio between n-6 and n-3 fatty acids (FA) in the diet and the intake of these FA by lactating dairy cows on lactation performance and inflammatory acute phase responses to a challenge with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Multiparous Holstein cows (n ...
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