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Results 201 - 250 of 858
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Guevara-Cruz Martha M Departamento de Fisiología de la Nutrición, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, México, DF.. - - 2014
Dyslipidemia is a major public health problem, and therefore, it is important to develop dietary strategies to diminish the prevalence of this disorder. It was recently reported that diet may play an important role in triggering insulin resistance by interacting with genetic variants at the CAPN10 gene locus in patients ...
Rodriguez-Jimenez Norma Alejandra NA Programa de Doctorado en Farmacologia, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud (CUCS), Universidad de Guadalajara (U de G), Guadalajara, JAL, - - 2014
Objective. To compare the modifications in lipids between patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) receiving etanercept plus methotrexate (ETA + MTX) versus methotrexate (MTX) and their relationship with serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). Methods. In an observational cohort study, we compared changes in lipid levels in patients receiving ETA ...
Arisawa Kokichi K Department of Preventive Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, the University of Tokushima Graduate - - 2014
The associations of dietary patterns with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and insulin resistance have not been fully investigated in the Japanese population. A cross-sectional study was performed on 513 subjects without treatment for diabetes who had participated in the baseline survey of a cohort study in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. Frequencies of ...
Price Hermione Clare HC The Royal Bournemouth and Christchurch Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust and Southern Health NHS Foundation Trust, Bournemouth, - - 2014
Diet is important in the cause of many chronic diseases. Individual change in dietary behaviour has the potential to decrease the burden of chronic disease, particularly cardiovascular disease (CVD). We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of dietary advice in ...
Kozłowska Aleksandra - - 2014
Flavonoids are a group of bioactive compounds that are extensively found in foodstuffs of plant origin. Their regular consumption is associated with reduced risk of a number of chronic diseases, including cancer, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and neurodegenerative disorders. Flavonoids are classified into subgroups based on their chemical structure: flavanones, flavones, ...
Kim Daniel Seung DS Department of Medicine, Division of Medical Genetics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Box 357720, Seattle, WA 98195-7720 USA ; Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA - - 2014
Recent data suggest that an increased level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is not causally protective against heart disease, shifting focus to other sub-phenotypes of HDL. Prior work on the effects of dietary intakes has focused largely on HDL-C. The goal of this study was to identify the dietary intakes ...
Kuwabara Akiko A Department of Health and Nutrition, Osaka Shoin Women's - - 2014
Recently, there has been an increasing concern about noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), in which oxidative damage plays a role. In this paper, we have re-analyzed the data from the National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHNS) 2007 to study the relationship between an NCD (e.g. hypertension) and the dietary intake of vitamin ...
Voreades Noah N Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Colorado State University Fort Collins, CO, - - 2014
The important role of the gut microbiome in maintaining human health has necessitated a better understanding of the temporal dynamics of intestinal microbial communities as well as the host and environmental factors driving these dynamics. Genetics, mode of birth, infant feeding patterns, antibiotic usage, sanitary living conditions and long term ...
Roh Seung-Ju SJ Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, - - 2014
Abnormal lipid levels are important etiological factors associated with the development of atherosclerosis and with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Lipid levels are also influenced by lifestyle and behavioral factors, which suggests that personality traits might be related to abnormal lipid profiles. Studies on personality traits and lipid levels are ...
Hodúlová Miloslava M Institute of Biology and Medical Genetics, the First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and the General Teaching Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic; Institute of Molecular Genetics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech - - 2014
The plasma profile of major lipoprotein classes and its subdivision into particular fractions plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and is a major predictor of coronary artery disease. Our aim was to identify genomic determinants of triglyceride and cholesterol distribution into lipoprotein fractions and lipoprotein particle sizes ...
Hou Xinguo X Department of Endocrinology of Qilu Hospital and Institute of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, - - 2014
To investigate the relationship between lipid profiles [including total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)] and a mild decline in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in subjects with normal serum lipid levels. In this study, we included 2647 participants who were ≥40 ...
Rodríguez-Rejón Ana Isabel AI Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Luis Pasteur s/n, 35016 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain ; Department of Nutrition and Food Science, School of Pharmacy, University of Granada, Campus Universitario de la Cartuja, 18071 Granada, - - 2014
Objective. To compare the one year effect of two dietary interventions with MeDiet on GL and GI in the PREDIMED trial. Methods. Participants were older subjects at high risk for cardiovascular disease. This analysis included 2866 nondiabetic subjects. Diet was assessed with a validated 137-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). The ...
Korre Maria M Environmental & Occupational Medicine & Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA USA ; Occupational Medicine, The Cambridge Health Alliance, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, MA - - 2014
Analytical and experimental studies confirm relationships between the consumption of certain foods and cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. Mediterranean diet patterns have long been associated with a reduced risk of major diseases and many favorable health outcomes. Data from observational, longitudinal, and randomized controlled trials have demonstrated that Mediterranean-style diets ...
Damsgaard Camilla T CT Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, - - 2014
n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids improve cardiovascular risk markers in adults. These effects may differ between eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20∶5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22∶6n-3), but we lack evidence in children. Using baseline data from the OPUS School Meal Study we 1) investigated associations between EPA and DHA in whole ...
Magnusdottir Ola Kally OK Unit for Nutrition Research, Landspitali -The National University Hospital of Iceland and Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, - - 2014
Few studies have explored the possible plasma cholesterol lowering effects of rye consumption. The aim of this secondary analysis in the SYSDIET study was to investigate the association between plasma alkylresorcinols (AR), a biomarker for whole grain wheat and rye intake, and blood lipid concentrations in a population with metabolic ...
Shridhar Krithiga K Centre for Chronic Conditions and Injuries, Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, - - 2014
Studies in the West have shown lower cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among people taking a vegetarian diet, but these findings may be confounded and only a minority selects these diets. We evaluated the association between vegetarian diets (chosen by 35%) and CVD risk factors across four regions of India. Study ...
Alaunyte Ieva I Department of Food and Tourism Management Old Hall Lane, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, M14 6HR UK ; School of Health Sciences, Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool, L16 9JD - - 2014
Adequate nutrient intake is critically important for achieving optimal sports performance. Like all athletes, female runners require a nutritionally balanced diet to maintain daily activities and a successful training regime. This study investigates the effects of cereal product based dietary iron intervention on iron status of recreational female runners (n = 11; ...
Zang Jianjun J State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Ministry of Agriculture Feed Industry Centre, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of supplemental magnesium (Mg) on the performance of gilts and parity 3 sows and their piglets. Fifty-six gilts (Trial 1) and 56 sows (Trial 2) were assigned to one of 4 treatments according to their mating weight, respectively. The treatments ...
Postmus Iris I 1] Department of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden 2300 RC, The Netherlands [2] The Netherlands Consortium for Healthy Ageing, Leiden 2300 RC, The - - 2014
Statins effectively lower LDL cholesterol levels in large studies and the observed interindividual response variability may be partially explained by genetic variation. Here we perform a pharmacogenetic meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in studies addressing the LDL cholesterol response to statins, including up to 18,596 statin-treated subjects. We validate ...
Montgomery Sarah E SE Department of Applied Human Nutrition, Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, - - 2014
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most frequently diagnosed form of dementia resulting in cognitive impairment. Many AD mouse studies, using the methyl donor S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), report improved cognitive ability, but conflicting results between and within studies currently exist. To address this, we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of ...
Downer Brian B Sealy Center on Aging, University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Blvd., Galveston, TX 77555, USA. - - 2014
Background: Previous research indicates that total cholesterol levels increase with age during young adulthood and middle age and decline with age later in life. This is attributed to changes in diet, body composition, medication use, physical activity, and hormone levels. In the current study we utilized data from the Framingham ...
Cheng Yibin Y Institute for Environmental Health and Related Product Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Previous studies have identified hyperlipidemia as a potential risk factor for dementia and Alzheimer's disease. However, studies on cholesterol measured in late-life and cognitive function have been inconsistent. Few studies have explored nonlinear relationships or considered interactions with other biomarker measures. A cross-sectional sample of 1,889 participants from four rural ...
Dainty Jack R JR Institute of Food Research, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United - - 2014
Currently there are no satisfactory methods for estimating dietary iron absorption (bioavailability) at a population level, but this is essential for deriving dietary reference values using the factorial approach. The aim of this work was to develop a novel approach for estimating dietary iron absorption using a population sample from ...
Joshi Shashank R SR Joshi Clinic, Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2014
To assess the dietary total and complex carbohydrate (CHO) contents in type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) participants in India. We enrolled 796 participants in this cross-sectional, single-visit, multicentre, two-arm, single-country survey. Participants were enrolled from 10 specialty endocrinology/dialectology centres from five regions of India. A total of 796 participants (Asian) were ...
Policarpo Sara S Nutrition and Dietetics Department, University Hospital of Santa Maria, Lisbon, - - 2014
Introduction: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is common in HIV-infected individuals and it is associated with higher cardiovascular risk (CVR). Mediterranean diet has been associated with a better metabolic control and lower CVR. Materials and Methods: From December 2013 to May 2014, individuals between 18 and 65 years of age, who attended ...
Wuolikainen Anna A Computational Lifescience Cluster (CLiC), Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Chemistry, Umeå University, Umeå, - - 2014
High plasma levels of cholesterol have been suggested to be neuroprotective for the degenerative disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and to be associated with increased survival time. The gene encoding cholesterol 27-hydroxylase, CYP27A1, was recently identified as a susceptibility gene for sporadic ALS. A product of this enzyme is 27-hydroxycholesterol. ...
Laudadio V - - 2013
Soybean meal (SBM) is the most widely and expensive protein source used in the formulation of poultry diets; however, when the price of SBM increases, poultry nutritionists seek alternative sources that are more economical in formulating least-cost rations. This research aimed to evaluate the effects of dietary air-classified sunflower meal ...
de Castro M L - - 2013
Introduction: intragastric balloons provide early satiety and thereby induce short-term weight loss. The aim of this study was to evaluate safety and short and medium-term effectiveness of gastric balloons associated to hypocaloric diet in obesity.Material and methods: from May 2004 to June 2011 91 obese patients, body mass index (BMI) ...
Hohsfield Lindsay A - - 2013
A variety of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are associated with alterations in cholesterol levels and metabolism. Moreover, convincing evidence shows that high cholesterol diet can lead to learning and memory impairments. On the other hand, a significant body of research has also demonstrated that learning is improved by elevated dietary ...
Saunders Angela V AV Corporate Nutrition, Sanitarium Health and Wellbeing, Berkeley Vale, NSW, Australia. - - 2013
Well planned vegetarian diets can provide adequate amounts of zinc from plant sources. Vegetarians appear to adapt to lower zinc intakes by increased absorption and retention of zinc. Good sources of zinc for vegetarians include whole grains, tofu, tempeh, legumes, nuts and seeds, fortified breakfast cereals and dairy products. The ...
Pintor Aurora - - 2013
The use of new ingredients like inulin for fat replacement is of wide application in the food industry. The aim of the present work was to reduce the fat content on ice cream formulations. It was possible to reduce up to 25% of butyric and vegetable fats with 3% of ...
Ji Chen C Division of Mental Health & Wellbeing, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, WHO Collaborating Centre for Nutrition, Coventry, - - 2013
To evaluate spatial effects of variation and social determinants of salt intake in Britain. Cross-sectional survey. Great Britain. 2105 white male and female participants, aged 19-64 years, from the British National Diet and Nutrition Survey 2000-2001. Participants' sodium intake measured both with a 7-day dietary record and a 24-h urine ...
Smilde-Baardman Maria E - - 2012
The importance of maternal cholesterol as an exogenous cholesterol source for the growing embryo was first reported in studies of Smith-Lemli-Optiz syndrome. Although most of the fetus's cholesterol is synthesized by the fetus itself, there is now growing evidence that during the first weeks of life, when most organs develop, ...
Lorentz Holly - - 2012
PURPOSE.: To analyze the impact of intermittent air exposure on the in vitro deposition of two radioactive lipids on various contact lens (CL) materials, using a custom-designed model blink cell. METHODS.: Six different CL materials (balafilcon A, lotrafilcon B, comfilcon A, senofilcon A, etafilcon A, and omafilcon A) were mounted ...
Mondal Avijit - - 2012
A fluorescence based cholesterol detection method has been developed using competitive host-guest interaction between graphene bound β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) with rhodamine 6G (R6G) and cholesterol. Fluorescence of β-CD incorporated R6G is quenched by graphene but is 'turned on' by cholesterol as it replaces R6G from the β-CD host.
Tamir Berhan - - 2012
Rumen degradability characteristics of dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM) and crude protein (CP) of normal maize (NM) stover (T1)-, NM silage (T2)- and quality protein maize (QPM) silage (T3)-based diets were studied using three rumen-fistulated Boran × Friesian non-lactating cows (371 ± 32.00 kg) in 3 × 3 Latin Square Design. Cows were supplemented ...
Abargouei A S - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Although several observational and experimental studies have investigated the effect of dairy consumption on weight and body composition, results are inconsistent.OBJECTIVE:This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to summarize the published evidence from randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) regarding the effect of dairy consumption on weight, body fat mass, lean ...
Heymsfield Steven B SB Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA. - - 2012
The classic rule stating that restricting intake by 3500 kcal/wk will lead to a 1-lb/wk rate of weight loss has come under intense scrutiny. Generally not a component of most weight loss prediction models, the "early" rapid weight loss phase may represent a period during which the energy content of ...
Domoff Sarah E - - 2012
Weight-loss reality shows, a popular form of television programming, portray obese individuals and their struggles to lose weight. While the media is believed to reinforce obesity stereotypes and contribute to weight stigma, it is not yet known whether weight-loss reality shows have any effect on weight bias. The goal of ...
Kissileff Harry R - - 2012
Individuals who are weight-reduced or leptin deficient have a lower energy expenditure coupled with higher hunger and disinhibition and/or delayed satiation compared with never-weight-reduced control subjects. Because exogenous leptin inhibits feeding in congenitally leptin-deficient humans, reduced leptin signaling may reduce the expression of feeding inhibition in humans. The objective was ...
Qi Qibin - - 2012
Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide [also known as gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP)] and its receptor (GIPR) may link overnutrition to obesity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. A GIPR variant rs2287019 was recently associated with obesity and glucose metabolism. We aimed to examine whether weight-loss diets that vary in fat content may ...
Bray George A GA Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Rd, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA. - - 2012
The role of diet composition in response to overeating and energy dissipation in humans is unclear. To evaluate the effects of overconsumption of low, normal, and high protein diets on weight gain, energy expenditure, and body composition. A single-blind, randomized controlled trial of 25 US healthy, weight-stable male and female ...
Ludwig David S DS New Balance Foundation Obesity Prevention Center, Children's Hospital Boston, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. - - 2012
With prevalence approaching 20% in the United States, adolescent obesity has become a common problem for patients, parents, and clinicians. Obese adolescents may experience physical and psychosocial complications, as illustrated by the case of Ms K, a 14-year-old girl with a body mass index of 40. Unfortunately, the effectiveness of ...
Li Zhaoping - - 2012
Sarcopenia is a multifactorial age-related condition associated with a sedentary lifestyle and protein intakes during weight loss that are inadequate to maintain muscle mass. Sarcopenic obesity in the elderly is associated with a loss of independence and metabolic complications and represents a major public health challenge in individuals over the ...
Maxfield Frederick R - - 2012
Cholesterol plays an important role in determining the biophysical properties of biological membranes, and its concentration is tightly controlled by homeostatic processes. The intracellular transport of cholesterol among organelles is a key part of the homeostatic mechanism, but sterol transport processes are not well understood. Fluorescence microscopy is a valuable ...
Picard-Deland Eliane E Institute of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods , Quebec , Canada G1V 0A6 ; Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Quebec , Canada G1V - - 2012
Previous studies have shown that fish protein, as well as marine n-3 PUFA, may have beneficial effects on cardiovascular risk profile. The objectives of this study were to investigate the combined effects of fish gelatine (FG) and n-3 PUFA supplementation on (1) energy intake and body weight, (2) lipid profile ...
Cao Zhen-Bo ZB Health Promotion and Exercise Program , National Institute of Health and Nutrition , Tokyo , Japan ; Faculty of Sport Sciences , Waseda University , Saitama , - - 2012
Previous studies have demonstrated that meeting the dietary recommendations for macronutrients was significantly associated with higher cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) levels in adults. However, the relation between the status of micronutrient intake and CRF still remains unclear. This study examined the association between micronutrient intake status (based on adherence to the ...
Blüher Matthias - - 2012
Long-term dietary intervention frequently induces a rapid weight decline followed by weight stabilization/regain. Here, we sought to identify adipokine biomarkers that may reflect continued beneficial effects of dieting despite partial weight regain. We analyzed the dynamics of fasting serum levels of 12 traditional metabolic biomarkers and novel adipokines among 322 ...
Wu Chih-Chung - - 2012
This study investigated the effects of alkylsulfonated chitosan of different molecular weights on intestinal lipid absorption, blood lipid profiles and circulating adhesion molecules. Syrian hamsters were fed an AIN-93G-based high‑fat diet (HFD) and were orally administered 5 or 10 mg/kg BW of oligomer (6 kDa) chitosan (OC), low‑molecular-weight (70 kDa) ...
Jakubowicz Daniela - - 2012
Although dietary restriction often results in initial weight loss, the majority of obese dieters fail to maintain their reduced weight. Diet-induced weight loss results in compensatory increase of hunger, craving and decreased ghrelin suppression that encourage weight regain. A high protein and carbohydrate breakfast may overcome these compensatory changes and ...
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