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Results 201 - 250 of 782
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Zhang Rihua - - 2011
Dietary calcium influences the regulation of energy metabolism, and weight gain is attenuated by a high-calcium diet. S100A16 is a novel calcium-binding signaling protein of the EF-hand superfamily that promotes adipogenesis. This study aimed to investigate the effect of S100A16 on weight gain attenuation with a calcium-rich diet. An obese ...
Bove Caron F - - 2011
This investigation uncovered processes underlying the dynamics of body weight and body image among individuals involved in nascent heterosexual marital relationships in Upstate New York. In-depth, semi-structured qualitative interviews conducted with 34 informants, 20 women and 14 men, just prior to marriage and again one year later were used to ...
Vartanian Lenny R - - 2011
We examined the accuracy of people's estimates of their own body weight and of the body weight of other people. Female undergraduates (n=132) self-reported their weight, were weighed by the experimenter, and completed a measure of dietary restraint. Participants also viewed 10 photographs of women ranging from underweight to obese ...
Pietiläinen K H - - 2011
Objective:To investigate whether the paradoxical weight gain associated with dieting is better related to genetic propensity to weight gain than to the weight loss episodes themselves.Subjects:Subjects included 4129 individual twins from the population-based FinnTwin16 study (90% of twins born in Finland 1975-1979). Weight and height were obtained from longitudinal surveys ...
Sciamanna Christopher N CN Department of Medicine, Penn State Hershey Medical Center, Penn State University, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033, USA. - - 2011
Few studies have examined the weight-control practices that promote weight loss and weight-loss maintenance in the same sample. To examine whether the weight control practices associated with weight loss differ from those associated with weight-loss maintenance. Cross-sectional survey of a random sample of 1165 U.S. adults. The adjusted associations of ...
Beavers Kristen M - - 2011
Despite the well-known recidivism of obesity, surprisingly little is known about the composition of body weight during weight regain. The objective of this study was to determine whether the composition of body weight regained after intentional weight loss is similar to the composition of body weight lost. The design was ...
Gryka A - - 2011
The current climate change has been most likely caused by the increased greenhouse gas emissions. We have looked at the major greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide (CO(2)), and estimated the reduction in the CO(2) emissions that would occur with the theoretical global weight loss. The calculations were based on our previous ...
Cereda Emanuele - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To investigate the association between history of multiple weight loss diets followed by weight regain, namely weight cycling (WCy), and both body weight excess and abdominal fat accumulation. METHODS: A one-day cross-sectional survey ("Obesity-Day") including 914 participants (605F:309M). Anthropometric variables (body mass index [BMI], waist circumference [WC] ...
Palazzolo Eristanna - - 2011
The wide consumption of wild fungi by the local population is the basis for an evaluation of the as yet unknown nutritional composition of some selected species. Wild edible mushrooms (Fistulina hepatica, Infundibulicybe geotropa, Laetiporus sulphureus, Macrolepiota procera var. procera and Suillus granulatus) were collected in a number of Sicilian ...
Dai Yu-Cheng - - 2011
A giant polypore, Fomitiporia ellipsoidea, was found in Hainan Island in southern China. It was 20y old, and its estimated volume was 409 000-525 000cm(3) and weight was 400-500kg. This is the first report of the largest fungal fruiting body both in volume and weight.
Jodkowska Maria - - 2011
The aim of the study: To investigate the differences in the dietary patterns of Polish overweight and normal weight adolescents. Materials and methods: The study was carried out on a group of 1906 pupils from gymnasium (lower secondary school) aged 13-15 years, of whom 953 were overweight and 953 had ...
Dixon Andrew F R - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Unknown hormonal and neural satiety signals are thought to drive sustainable weight loss following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). The objective of this study was to investigate whether the structurally related satiety hormones pancreatic polypeptide (PP) and peptide YY (PYY) influence total percentage weight loss after LAGB. METHODS: A ...
Cho Geum Joon - - 2011
Parity is associated with weight retention and has long-lasting and detrimental effects on the health of women. Previous studies have shown that increasing parity was independently associated with an increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Postpartum weight is made up of several components including uterine and mammary tissues, body water (intracellular ...
Wang Ping P Department of Human Biology, NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre, PO 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The - - 2012
Weight regain after weight loss is common. In the Diogenes dietary intervention study, a high-protein and low-glycaemic index (GI) diet improved weight maintenance. The objective of the present study was to identify (1) blood profiles associated with continued weight loss and weight regain (2) blood biomarkers of dietary protein and ...
Baer David J - - 2011
A double-blind, randomized clinical trial was conducted to determine the effect of consumption of supplemental whey protein (WP), soy protein (SP), and an isoenergetic amount of carbohydrate (CHO) on body weight and composition in free-living overweight and obese but otherwise healthy participants. Ninety overweight and obese participants were randomly assigned ...
Benyi Kow - - 2011
The effects of stocking densities of 30, 35, 40 and 45 kg body weight (BW)/m(2) on the growth performance of Ross 308 and Hubbard broiler chickens were studied in a 49-day production period. Ross 308 was superior to Hubbard in weight gain and market weight and consumed more feed (p < 0.05) but ...
Chambers Julie A - - 2011
Objective. Although behavioural interventions are successful in achieving short-term weight loss, most individuals regain most or all of their weight within a few years. Our aim was to investigate factors that can help in long-term weight maintenance. Design. Qualitative interviews were conducted in order to elicit experiences, successes, and difficulties associated with ...
El Hage Rawad - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the relative importance of lean mass and fat mass on bone mineral density (BMD) in a group of Lebanese postmenopausal women. One hundred ten Lebanese postmenopausal women (aged 65-84yr) participated in this study. Age and years since menopause were recorded. Body weight ...
Sartor Francesco - - 2011
These studies examined the differences in sweet taste perception and implicit attitude toward sweet between normal-weight and overweight/obese adults; and tested the effects of soft drink consumption on sweet taste, explicit preference and implicit attitude toward sweet in normal-weight subjects. In study 1, normal-weight (n=22) and overweight/obese (n=11) adults were ...
Cruz Paulina P Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2011
The accuracy of weight loss in estimating successful changes in body composition (BC), namely fat mass (FM) loss, is not known and was addressed in our study. To assess the correlation between change in body weight and change in FM, fat% and fat-free mass (FFM), 465 participants (41% male; 41 ...
Witbracht Megan G - - 2011
The overall objective of this study was to examine the relationship between executive function, specifically decision-making, and weight loss. We used the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) to characterize decision-making and compared performance on this task to weight loss in obese women (n=29) participating in a 12-week controlled, calorie-reduced intervention. We ...
Collinson A - - 2011
Background:  The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing worldwide at an alarming rate. An Internet-based weight-loss programme has the potential to reach larger numbers of people than traditional face-to-face programmes. A growing body of evidence supports the use of low glycaemic load (GL) diets for weight loss. The present ...
Ishikawa Akira - - 2011
Body weight and fatness are quantitative traits of agricultural and medical importance. In previous genome-wide quantitative trait locus (QTL) analyses, two QTLs for body weight and weight gain at an early postnatal growth period were discovered on mouse chromosome 10 from a gene pool of wild subspecies mice, Mus musculus ...
Misieng Josephine Dorin - - 2011
The optimum dietary protein requirement of the Malaysian mahseer (Tor tambroides) fingerlings was determined in this study. In this completely randomized designed experiment, formulated diets of five levels of dietary protein (30, 35, 40, 45 and 50%) were tested on the T. tambroides fingerlings (initial body weight of 5.85 +/- ...
Martins Paulo Jf - - 2011
Evidence suggests that sleep loss is associated with an increased risk of obesity and diabetes; however, animal models have failed to produce weight gain under sleep deprivation (SD). Previous studies have suggested that this discrepancy could be due to more extreme SD conditions in experimental animals, their higher resting metabolic ...
Tsai Mei-Rong - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate body weight satisfaction, eating attitudes and dietary intake related to eating disorders of female junior high school students in Taiwan. In a cross-sectional survey, 835 female junior high school students participated in this study. The questionnaire items included respondents' demographic information as ...
Higgins Janine A - - 2011
Long-term weight reduction remains elusive for many obese individuals. Resistant starch (RS) and exercise may be useful for weight maintenance. The effects of RS, with or without exercise, on weight regain was examined during relapse to obesity on a high carbohydrate, high fat (HC/HF) diet. Obesity-prone rats were fed ad ...
Rakha Allah - - 2011
Extractable dietary fiber (DF) plays an important role in nutrition. This study on porridge making with whole grain rye investigated the effect of rest time of flour slurries at room temperature before cooking and amount of flour and salt in the recipe on the content of DF components and molecular ...
Holm Jens-Christian - - 2011
Objective: To investigate changes in leptin and soluble leptin receptor (SLR) concentrations, and in the free leptin index (FLI) during weight loss and subsequent weight regain; and to ascertain whether these indices remain stable in the rank of the distribution in repeated measures (tracking) during perturbations of weight in obese ...
Freund Alexandra M - - 2011
A 6-week longitudinal study with N = 126 overweight women participating in a weight-loss programme investigated the hypothesis that focusing on the process (dietary behaviours) rather than on the outcome of dieting (weight loss) is associated with more successful goal pursuit and achievement. As expected, process focus was related positively ...
Carels Robert A - - 2011
Background/Aims: Research suggests that making overly positive self-evaluations is the norm rather than the exception. However, unlike other stigmatized groups, overweight individuals do not exhibit a positive in-group social identity and instead exhibit significant explicit, implicit, and internalized weight bias. Therefore, it is not known whether overweight/obese individuals will evidence ...
Sénéchal M - - 2011
To examine the association between weight gain since menopause and weight regain after a weight loss program. Participants were 19 obese women who participated in a 15-week weight loss program and a 12-month follow-up. Main outcomes were: body composition, resting metabolic rate, energy intake, energy expenditure, and weight regain at ...
Munro Irene A - - 2011
A major challenge for successful weight management is tailoring weight loss programs to individual needs. The aim of this study was to investigate whether personality traits could be used to match individuals to a compatible weight loss program that would maximize weight loss. Two different weight loss trials were conducted, ...
Turner-McGrievy Gabrielle - - 2011
Previous interventions have shown promising results using theory-based podcasts to deliver a behavioral weight-loss intervention. The objective of our study was to examine whether a combination of podcasting, mobile support communication, and mobile diet monitoring can assist people in weight loss. In this 6-month, minimal contact intervention, overweight (n = ...
Ruiz Jonatan R - - 2011
We investigated the validity of REE predictive equations before and after 12-week energy-restricted diet intervention in Spanish obese (30 kg/m(2)>BMI<40 kg/m(2)) women. We measured REE (indirect calorimetry), body weight, height, and fat mass (FM) and fat free mass (FFM, dual X-ray absorptiometry) in 86 obese Caucasian premenopausal women aged 36.7±7.2 ...
de Verdal Hugues - - 2011
Feed costs represent about 70% of the costs of raising broilers. The main way to decrease these costs is to improve feed efficiency by modification of diet formulation, but one other possibility would be to use genetic selection. Understanding the genetic architecture of the gastro-intestinal tract (GIT) and the impact ...
Du Liangjun - - 2010
CHE4-1, a bacterial strain that belongs to the genus Acinetobacter and expresses high level of inducible extracellular cholesterol esterase (CHE), was isolated from feces of carnivore Panthera pardus var. The cholesterol esterase of the strain CHE4-1 was purified by ultrafiltration followed with DEAE-Sepharose FF chromatography and Phenyl-Sepharose CL-4B chromatography, and ...
Limpeanchob Nanteetip N Department of Pharmacy Practice and Center of Excellence for Innovation in - - 2010
A cholesterol lowering effect of sericin was investigated both in vivo and in vitro. Rats were dosed with cholesterol with and without sericin for 14 days. Non-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and total serum cholesterols were reduced in rats fed high-cholesterol diet with all three tested doses of sericin (10, 100, and ...
Quinn Peter J - - 2010
Sphingomyelin and cholesterol are membrane lipids that interact to form liquid-ordered phase believed to act as a platform for the organization of signaling proteins. We report analyses of synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction patterns recorded from aqueous dispersions of ternary mixtures of sphingomyelin and phosphatidylcholine from egg yolk and cholesterol to ...
Dhand Chetna - - 2010
Polyaniline nanotube (PANI-NT) based films have been fabricated onto indium-tin-oxide (ITO) coated glass plates via electrophoretic technique. These PANI-NT/ITO electrodes have been utilized for covalent immobilization of cholesterol oxidase (ChOx) using glutaraldehyde (Glu) as cross-linker. Structural, morphological and electrochemical characterization of PANI-NT/ITO electrode and ChOx/Glu/PANI-NT/ITO bioelectrode have been done using ...
Jo Sunhwan - - 2010
The mechanism of lipid flip-flop motion is important for maintaining the asymmetric distribution of lipids in a biological membrane. To explore the energetics and mechanism of passive cholesterol flip-flop and its dependence on chain saturation, we performed two-dimensional umbrella sampling simulations in DPPC, POPC, and DAPC (dipalmitoyl-, palmitoyloleoyl-, and diarachidonylphosphatidylcholine) ...
Scolari Silvia - - 2010
Seminal plasma proteins of the fibronectin type II (Fn2) family modulate mammalian spermatogenesis by triggering the release of the lipids phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol from sperm cells. Whereas the specific interaction of these proteins with phosphatidylcholine is well-understood, their selectivity for cholesterol is unknown. To characterize the interaction between the bovine ...
Lee Sujin - - 2010
Design and synthesis of cholesterol-derived anti-apoptotic agents were described. The synthesized cholesterol analogs designed on the structural basis of ginsenoside Rk1 inhibited the undesirable apoptosis of human endothelial cells, which are induced by a vascular injury. In particular, analogue 1 possessing 4,6-di-O-acetyl-2,3-dideoxyhex-2-enopyran linked to hydroxyl group of cholesterol exhibited the ...
Yama O E - - 2010
A steady weight increase disproportionate to height is by far the most prevalent type of body weight imbalance (overweight and obesity) in apparently healthy individuals of growing age. Many subsisting weight-reduction regimes or formulations are ineffective. Therefore, an effective and affordable weight-reduction product will add to the options available for ...
Driscoll Max D MD Manchester Interdisciplinary Biocentre, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, 131 Princess Street, Manchester M1 7DN, United - - 2010
The Mycobacterium tuberculosis cytochrome P450 enzyme CYP142 is encoded in a large gene cluster involved in metabolism of host cholesterol. CYP142 was expressed and purified as a soluble, low spin P450 hemoprotein. CYP142 binds tightly to cholesterol and its oxidized derivative cholest-4-en-3-one, with extensive shift of the heme iron to ...
Fliesler Steven J - - 2010
The vertebrate retina has multiple demands for utilization of cholesterol and must meet those demands either by synthesizing its own supply of cholesterol or by importing cholesterol from extraretinal sources, or both. Unlike the blood-brain barrier, the blood-retina barrier allows uptake of cholesterol from the circulation via a lipoprotein-based/receptor-mediated mechanism. ...
Kitahara Kei-ichi - - 2010
Monodispersed molecularly imprinted polymer particles selective for cholesterol were prepared by the copolymerization of styrene and divinylbenzene in the presence of template silica gel particles (particle size: 5 μm; pore size: 10 nm) functionalized with cholesterol on the surface, followed by dissolution of the cholesterol-bonded silica gel with a NaOH ...
Busch T P - - 2010
Cholesterol has been used to monitor artifact generation. Stability differences among cholesterol oxide products (COPs) and cholesterol in thermal and alkaline conditions are theorized. Thus, use of cholesterol may be unsuitable for detection of artifacts generated from COPs. Stability of cholesterol was compared to that of 7-ketocholesterol (7-keto) and β-sitosterol ...
Gallová J - - 2010
The influence of cholesterol on the structural parameters of phosphatidylcholine bilayers is studied by small-angle neutron scattering on unilamellar liposomes. Monounsaturated diacylphosphatidylcholines diCn:1PC with the length of acyl chains n=14, 18 and 22 carbons are used. We confirm that the bilayer thickness increases with increasing concentration of cholesterol for all ...
Mansano Fernando V - - 2010
Cholesterol oxidation gives rise to a mixture of oxidized products. Different types of products are generated according to the reactive species being involved. Recently, attention has been focused on two cholesterol aldehydes, 3beta-hydroxy-5beta-hydroxy-B-norcholestane-6beta-carboxyaldehyde (1a) and 3beta-hydroxy-5-oxo-5,6-secocholestan-6-al (1b). These aldehydes can be generated by ozone-, as well as by singlet molecular ...
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