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Results 201 - 250 of 928
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Wang Dong D DD Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, - - 2014
Many changes in the economy, policies related to nutrition, and food processing have occurred within the United States since 2000, and the net effect on dietary quality is not clear. These changes may have affected various socioeconomic groups differentially. To investigate trends in dietary quality from 1999 to 2010 in ...
Proitsi Petroula P King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, London, United Kingdom; Department of Psychiatry, State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, and Centre for Genomic Sciences, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, the University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2014
Although altered lipid metabolism has been extensively implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD) through cell biological, epidemiological, and genetic studies, the molecular mechanisms linking cholesterol and AD pathology are still not well understood and contradictory results have been reported. We have used a Mendelian randomization approach to dissect ...
Turek Luciane Viater LV Departamento de Genética , Universidade Federal de Paraná , Curitiba, PR , Brazil - - 2014
In this study, we investigated the influence of two SNPs (rs846910 and rs12086634) of the HSD11B1 gene that encodes 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1(11β-HSD1), the enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of cortisol to cortisone, on variables associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome in 215 individuals of both sexes from southern Brazil. ...
Diehl Kyle J KJ Integrative Vascular Biology Laboratory, Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO - - 2014
Modest elevations in plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol have been shown to confer a significant increase in cardiovascular risk. Endothelin (ET)-1 is a vasoconstrictor peptide with proatherogenic properties. The experimental aim of this study was to determine whether ET-1 system activity is elevated in adults with borderline high LDL-cholesterol, independent of ...
Narayan Shreya S Department of Foods Nutrition and Dietetics Research, Madras Diabetes Research Foundation and Dr. Mohan's Diabetes Specialities Centre, WHO Collaborating Centre for Non communicable Diseases Prevention and Control, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
There is little data correlating dietary fibre (DF) intake and cardiovascular risk in Asian Indians with diabetes. To assess the DF intake and its association with lipid profile (total serum cholesterol and low density lipoprotein [LDL] - cholesterol levels) in urban Asian Indians with diabetes. Dietary assessment using validated Food ...
Akinlade Kehinde Sola KS Department of Chemical Pathology, University of Ibadan/University College Hospital, Ibadan, - - 2014
Abnormal lipid homeostasis has been reported in sickle cell anaemia (SCA) as well as in other haematological disorders. However, there is little information on the lipid profile of SCA subjects in vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC). This study determined the lipid profile of adult SCA subjects in VOC and in steady state ...
Oluwole Ayodeji A AA Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, - - 2014
The study assessed whether low maternal serum cholesterol during early pregnancy is associated with preterm delivery. It was a prospective observational cohort study involving pregnant women at gestational age of 14-20 weeks over a period of 12 months. Blood samples were obtained to measure total serum cholesterol concentrations and the ...
Kim Yong Chul YC 0000-0003-3215-8681 Department of Internal Medicine, Armed Forces Capital Hospital, Seongnam, - - 2014
There is an established relationship between a high salt diet and public health problems, especially hypertension and cardiovascular disease. We estimated daily salt intake in a group of adults and assessed its association with related variables in Pohang, Korea. We conducted a cross-sectional survey in 2013 with 242 adults. Urine ...
Makaridze Z Z Clinic "Medicore" Ltd, Tbilisi; National Institute of Endocrinology; I. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, University Clinic, - - 2014
The study was designed to assess the association of ApolipoproteinB/ApolipoproteinA-I (ApoB/ApoA-I) ratio with metabolic syndrome, its components, total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in the population of Georgia. The subjects were 1522 Georgians of Caucasian origin aged 18-80 (653 women and 869 men) without diabetes mellitus. The subjects ...
Baer David J - - 2014
This article summarizes presentations from “Insights and Perspectives on Dietary Modifications to Reduce the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease,” a symposium held at the ASN Annual Meeting and Scientific Sessions in conjunction with Experimental Biology 2014 in San Diego, CA on 26 April 2014. Presenters reviewed historic and current evidence on ...
Farez Mauricio F MF Department of Neurology, Raúl Carrea Institute for Neurological Research (FLENI), Buenos Aires, - - 2014
Recently, salt has been shown to modulate the differentiation of human and mouse Th17 cells and mice that were fed a high-sodium diet were described to develop more aggressive courses of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. However, the role of sodium intake in multiple sclerosis (MS) has not been addressed. We aimed ...
Cook-Mills Joan M JM Allergy-Immunology Division, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Asthma occurs as complex interactions of the environmental and genetics. Clinical studies and animal models of asthma indicate dietary factors such as vitamin E and vitamin D as protective for asthma risk. In this review, we discuss opposing regulatory functions of tocopherol isoforms of vitamin E and regulatory functions of ...
Xu Hua H Department of Urology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, 12 WuLuMuQi Middle Road, Shanghai, 200040, People's Republic of - - 2014
We aimed to examine the effect of high-fat diet (HFD) on prostate cancer (PCa) development and progression and to investigate whether metformin would postpone PCa development and progression promoted by HFD. TRAMP mice were randomly divided into three groups: normal diet group, HFD group and metformin-HFD (Met-HFD) group. Mortality rate ...
Navarro Sandi L SL Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Division of Public Health Sciences, Seattle, WA - - 2014
Isothiocyanates in cruciferous vegetables modulate signaling pathways critical to carcinogenesis, including nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB), a central regulator of inflammation. Glutathione S-transferase (GST) M1 and GSTT1 metabolize isothiocyanates; genetic variants may result in differences in biologic response. The objective of this study was to test whether ...
Cruz-Bautista Ivette I Endocrinology and Metabolism Department, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Vasco de Quiroga 15, Sección XVI, Tlalpan, 14000, México, City, - - 2014
In familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) the severity of the dyslipidemia is determined by an overproduction of VLDL (very low density lipoprotein) particles and by its abnormal lipid composition. However, few is known regarding the metabolic factors that determines these abnormalities. We investigated the impact of metabolic factors on the number ...
White C Roger CR UAB Medical Center, United - - 2014
Reduced levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) are a strong, independent predictor of coronary artery disease (CAD) risk. The major anti-atherogenic function of HDL is to mediate reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). This response is highly dependent on apolipoprotein (apo) A-I and apoE, protein components of HDL. Randomized clinical trials ...
Nagasaka Reiko R Nutrition Research Division, Food Directorate, Health Products and Food Branch, Health Canada, 251 Sir Frederick Banting Driveway, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0K9, - - 2014
To minimize the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), most dietary guidelines have recommended consuming 500 mg/day of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) + docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or two servings of oily fish/week. The sum of percent EPA and DHA in red blood cell (RBC) total fatty acids-termed the omega-3 index-has been proposed as a biomarker ...
Vasto Sonya S Istituto di Biomedicina e Immunologia Molecolare, Centro Nazionale per le Ricerche, Università di Palermo, Palermo, - - 2014
Traditional Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) is a common dietary pattern characterizing a lifestyle and culture proven to contribute to better health and quality of life in Mediterranean countries. By analyzing the diet of centenarians from the Sicani Mountains and eating habits of inhabitants of Palermo, it is reported that a close ...
Gutierrez N A NA Department of Animal Science, Iowa State University, Ames, - - 2014
An experiment was conducted to determine a best fitting dietary fiber (DF) component to estimate the effect of DF concentration on the digestibility of energy, DF, and AA, and energy value of 9 corn co-products: corn bran (CB; 37.0% total non-starch polysaccharides (NSP)), corn bran with solubles (CB-S; 17.1% NSP), ...
Kerr K R KR Division of Nutritional Sciences Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL - - 2014
Whole prey diets are commonly used in the zoo and home setting for captive exotic and domestic cats, respectively. Despite their increase in popularity, nutrient digestibility of such diets has been poorly studied. In this study, the precision-fed cecectomized rooster assay was utilized to determine the protein quality and nitrogen-corrected ...
Schwingshackl Lukas L University of Vienna, Faculty of Life Sciences,Department of Nutritional Sciences,Althanstraße 14 UZA II,A-1090 - - 2014
Adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with significant improvements in health status. However, to date no systematic review and meta-analysis has summarized the effects of Mediterranean diet adherence on the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Electronic searches for randomized controlled trials and cohort studies were performed in MEDLINE, ...
Hall Jean A JA Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, 97331-4802, USA, - - 2014
Dairy cows have increased nutritional requirements for antioxidants postpartum. Supranutritional organic Se supplementation may be beneficial because selenoproteins are involved in regulating oxidative stress and inflammation. Our objective was to determine whether feeding Se-yeast above requirements to Se-replete dairy cows during late gestation affects blood micronutrients, antioxidants, metabolites, and inflammation ...
Merritt Melissa A MA Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
There are inconsistent and limited data available to assess the relationship between fat intake and risk of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). We examined the consumption of total fat, fat sources and fat subtypes in relation to risk of EOC and its major histologic subtypes in the European Prospective Investigation into ...
Zhu Wenhe W a Ji Lin Medical College, Ji Lin, 132013, - - 2014
Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF-21), which is a modulator of glucose and lipid homeostasis, acts as a novel therapeutic reagent for many metabolic perturbations. However, its potential as a treatment for cardiovascular disease, especially atherosclerosis (AS) has not been fully explored. Here, we report that recombinant FGF-21 improves resistance to ...
Lee Bum Ju - - 2014
Serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels are associated with risk factors for various diseases and are related to anthropometric measures. However, controversy remains regarding the best anthropometric indicators of the HDL and LDL cholesterol levels. The objectives of the present study were to identify the best ...
Aminov Zafar Z Institute for Health and the Environment, University at Albany, Rensselaer, NY 12144, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Serum lipid levels are major risk factors for cardiovascular disease. In addition to diet, exercise, genetics, age and race, serum concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) influence concentrations of serum lipids. We investigated associations between fasting concentrations of 35 polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners and nine organochlorine pesticides in relation to ...
Shetty Ritu A RA Department of Pharmacology and Neuroscience, University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth, Fort Worth, TX 76107, USA; Institute for Aging and Alzheimer's Disease Research, University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth, Fort Worth, TX 76107, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine if intake of the antioxidants coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) or α-tocopherol (Toc), either alone or in combination, could ameliorate cognitive and psychomotor impairments of aged mice, as well as reduce oxidative burden in tissues. For a period of 10weeks, male C57BL/6J mice (3 ...
Mascarenhas Luis Paulo Gomes - - 2014
Abstract Background: Evaluation of lipid profile in children and adolescents is important for early diagnosis of dyslipidemias. Physiological changes might be observed in the concentration of the lipid profile components, according to the stage of sexual maturation. Objective: To evaluate the variation in lipid and lipoprotein concentrations in boys during ...
Hu Yan-Wei YW From the Laboratory Medicine Center (Y.-W.H., J.-Y.Z., S.-F.L., J.-L.H., Y.-R.Q., S.-G.W., Z.-P.C., Y.-R.H., J.-Y.Y., Y.-C.W., J.-J.G., Y.-H.S., L.Z., Q.W.) and Department of Anesthesiology (X.M.), Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease caused by atherosclerosis is the number one cause of death in Western countries and threatens to become the major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Long noncoding RNAs are emerging as new players in gene regulation, but how long noncoding RNAs operate in the development of atherosclerosis remains ...
Wang Huifen H From the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, - - 2014
Statins are used to lower cardiovascular disease risk in part because of their effects on plasma lipid profiles. Dietary whole grains have been reported to improve plasma lipid profiles. Little is known about potential interactions between statins and whole grains. We aimed to assess the interaction between statin use and ...
Struijk Ellen A EA From the Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care (EAS, JWJB, AMM, HPF, GAdW, NCO-M, YTvdS, and PHMP) and the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (HBB-d-M), University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands; the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, Netherlands (EAS, HPF, JMAB, GAdW, JH, and HBB-d-M); and the School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom (HBB-d-M and - - 2014
Although diet is related to chronic disease risk and mortality, its association with total disease burden is not clear. We investigated the minimum impact of different dietary patterns on disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) by using individual longitudinal data. A prospective cohort study was conducted in 33,066 healthy men and women ...
Langella Ciro C Department of Molecular Medicine and Medical Biotechnology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, - - 2015
Currently, there are numerous studies on risk factors for cardiovascular disease and the potential for functional foods to bring benefits or improve people's health. However, most of these studies are conducted with middle-aged individuals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of supplementing a typical diet with ...
Vanavanan Somlak - - 2014
Abstract Background: Small, dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL-C) has been linked to the progression of cardiovascular disease. We compared two methods for determination of sdLDL-C, a direct enzymatic (ENZ) method and a polyacrylamide tube gel electrophoresis (PGE) assay, and investigated the associations of both sdLDL-C measurements with metabolic syndrome. Methods: ...
Alkerwi Ala'a A Centre de Recherche Public de la Santé, Centre d'Etudes en Santé, Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, Strassen L-1445, Luxembourg. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recently, there has been an influx of research interest regarding the anti-inflammatory role that diet has in chronic and metabolic diseases. A literature-based dietary inflammatory index (DII) that can be used to characterize the inflammation-modulating capacity of individuals' diets has even been developed and validated in an American population. We ...
Maturano R R Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Biológicas - Comportamento e Biologia Animal - PPGCB-CBA, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora - UFJF, Rua José Lourenço Kelmer, s/n, Campus Universitário Bairro Martelos, Juiz de Fora, MG, - - 2014
The bionomy of Chelopistes meleagridis off the host was observed with the aim of better understanding the aspects of this species' life cycle. For this purpose, C. meleagridis adults were collected and maintained under controlled conditions to reproduce (35°C and RH > 80%), with turkey feathers as the food source. ...
Mahmoodi Mohammad Reza MR Nutrition Department, School of Health, Physiology Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Haft Bagh-E-Alavi Highway, Kerman, - - 2014
We investigate the effects of omega-3 plus vitamin E and vitamin C plus zinc supplementations on cardiovascular risk markers in postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes. In this double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial, 75 postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to one of three groups to take, daily, ...
Mirhosseini Mahmoud M Medical Plants Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, - - 2014
It has been established that hyperlipidemia increases the incidence and mortality associated with coronary heart disease. In this study, the effects of Dill (Anethum graveolens) were evaluated on lipid profile of hypercholesterolemic patients. In this clinical study, 91 hyperlipidemic patients were randomly designated into two groups. One group received gemfibrozil ...
Panahi Yunes Y Chemical Injuries Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Dyslipidemia is an established feature of metabolic syndrome (MS) that is associated with an increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Curcuminoids are natural products with anti-atherosclerotic and lipid-modifying effects but their efficacy in patients with MS has not yet been tested. To investigate the effects of bioavailability-enhanced curcuminoids, as adjunctive ...
Phan Binh An P BA Division of Cardiology, San Francisco General Hospital, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies have documented the short-term vascular benefits of combination lipid therapy. Our objective was to evaluate the long-term effects of combination lipid therapy on carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in patients with coronary artery disease. We performed a case-control study in patients who had finished the Familial Atherosclerosis Treatment Study (FATS) ...
Lamothe Lisa M LM Whistler Center for Carbohydrate Research and Department of Food Science, Purdue University, 745 Agriculture Mall Dr. West Lafayette, IN 47907, United - - 2015
Dietary fibre of quinoa and amaranth was analysed for its insoluble and soluble fibre content, composition, and structure. Total dietary fibre content was 10% for quinoa and 11% for amaranth. For both pseudocereals, 78% of its dietary fibre was insoluble. Insoluble fibre (IDF) from quinoa and amaranth was mainly composed ...
Lyu Shurong S Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing, Jiangsu, - - 2014
Our study aims to explore the association between dietary patterns and physical activity levels (PAL) with a triglyceride-to-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio, and to examine whether the association is sex dependent among Chinese adults. In this cross-sectional study, data were collected through questionnaires, anthropometric measurement, and biochemical tests. Four food ...
Lima Sílvia T R M ST Department of Physiological Sciences, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypertensive patients often have an unfavorable lipid and glucose profile. The main goal of dietary treatment for these patients is to achieve adequate control of blood pressure and reducing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the Brazilian Dietary Approach to Break Hypertension (BRADA) ...
Resende Margarida Maria de Carvalho MM Universidade do Vale do Sapucaí (UNIVÁS), Pouso Alegre, MG, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of Bach flower Rescue Remedy on the control of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in rats. A randomized longitudinal experimental study. Eighteen Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups of six animals each and orogastrically dosed with either 200μl of water (group A, control), or ...
Samsam-Shariat Seyyed Ziaedin SZ Isfahan Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center AND School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
The observed relationships between visfatin, peroxidases activity, and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are inconsistent; therefore, this study was undertaken to understand these relationships. This cross-sectional study was conducted as a part of the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program, Iran. A blood sample of 90 MetS and non-MetS patients were used to estimate ...
Siavash Mansour M Department of Endocrinology, Isfahan Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM-T2) is commonly associated with increased triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. Fibrates like gemfibrozil are frequently used in diabetic patients to decrease TG and increase HDL-C levels. We compared the efficacy of Vitamin C, an antioxidant vitamin, with ...
Iranagh Jamileh Amizadeh - - 2014
Adequacy of energy and macronutrient intakes is important for disease prevention, health maintenance and nutrition program development in older adults. The present study was designed to evaluate and compare the adequacy of energy and macronutrient intakes of elderly living in rural and urban areas in the north-west of Iran. A ...
Hashemi Rezvan R Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2015
Sarcopenia is associated with frailty and disability among the elderly and imposes significant costs on health care systems. We tested whether adherence to a particular dietary pattern was associated with sarcopenia among the elderly in a district of Tehran, Iran. We used a semiquantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire to assess the ...
Turati Federica F 1Department of Epidemiology,IRCCS - Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche 'Mario Negri',Via La Masa 19,20156 - - 2014
To add epidemiological data on the association of adherence to the Mediterranean diet with non-fatal acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in a Southern European population. Hospital-based case-control study. Conformity to the traditional Mediterranean diet was assessed through a score (i.e. the Mediterranean diet score, MDS) based on nine dietary components (high ...
Sipaúba-Tavares Lh L Centro de Aquicultura, Universidade Estadual Paulista ? UNESP, Jaboticabal, SP, - - 2014
The aim of this work was to investigate the growth performance of Diaphanosoma birgei fed with two Chlorophyceae algae, Ankistrodesmus gracilis and Haematococcus pluvialis using monoalgal diets and simpler mixed diets. D. birgei was daily fed on four treatments: 1) 100% Ankistrodesmus gracilis (Ag); 2) 100% Haematoccocus pluvialis (Hp); 3) ...
Colin-Ramirez Eloisa E University of Alberta, Edmonton, - - 2014
Dietary strategies in heart failure (HF) are focused on sodium and fluid restriction to minimize the risk for acute volume overload episodes. However, the importance of dietary factors beyond sodium intake in the prognosis of the disease is uncertain. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of ...
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