Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 807
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Stearns A T AT Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2012
We previously demonstrated vagal neural pathways, specifically subdiaphragmatic afferent fibers, regulate expression of the intestinal sodium-glucose cotransporter SGLT1, the intestinal transporter responsible for absorption of dietary glucose. We hypothesized targeting this pathway could be a novel therapy for obesity. We therefore tested the impact of disrupting vagal signaling by total ...
Kazemi Mohsen - - 2011
Weight reduction cycles are used by weight classed athletes in Taekwondo to make a weight category. Tension, dizziness, headaches, and confusion have been associated with rapid weight loss (RWL). There is a lack of research in weight cycling and its benefits among Taekwondo athletes. To investigate the rate of weight ...
Kong Angela A Cancer Education and Career Development Program, Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, - - 2011
Snacking may play a role in weight control. The associations of timing and frequency of snacking with observed weight change and nutrient intake were assessed in an ancillary study to a 12-month randomized controlled trial in Seattle, WA. Overweight-to-obese postmenopausal women (n=123) enrolled in the two dietary weight-loss arms from ...
Kuzawa Christopher W CW Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA. - - 2012
To evaluate the associations between birth weight (BW), infancy, and childhood weight gain and adult body composition. Subjects included participants of five birth cohort studies from low and middle income nations (Brazil, Guatemala, India, Philippines, and South Africa; n = 3432). We modeled adult body composition as a function of ...
Hajek Peter - - 2011
BACKGROUND: During Ramadan, observant Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset for a month. Knowing whether Ramadan fasting affects body weight has implications for health advice to the Muslim community, for understanding the effects of skipping meals on body weight, and for general weight management advice. METHODS: We compared body weight ...
Shin Hyehyung - - 2011
The objective was to examine the relationship between self-efficacy and subsequent weight loss during a 6-month weight loss intervention in 90 white early postmenopausal healthy women. We hypothesized that participants with higher self-efficacy scores, either at baseline or follow-up, would lose more weight than those with lower scores. Each participant ...
Yang Hsin-Yi - - 2011
Green tea catechin has been proposed to have an anti-obesity effect. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the effect of catechin-rich green tea in combination with inulin affects body weight and fat mass in obese and overweight adults. A total of thirty subjects were divided into ...
Sumithran Priya - - 2011
After weight loss, changes in the circulating levels of several peripheral hormones involved in the homeostatic regulation of body weight occur. Whether these changes are transient or persist over time may be important for an understanding of the reasons behind the high rate of weight regain after diet-induced weight loss. ...
Kim J H - - 2011
Although obesity and osteoporosis are important public health problems, the effect of fat mass on bone mass remains controversial. This study demonstrated that fat mass was inversely related to bone mineral content, and abdominal obesity was significantly associated with bone mineral content independent of total fat mass. INTRODUCTION: Obesity and ...
Mohanta K N - - 2011
Based on the nutrient requirement of Trichogaster trichopterus, a fish meal-based basal diet with 350 g/kg diet crude protein and 16.7 MJ/kg energy was formulated, in which the fish meal protein was replaced by surimi by-product protein at 0.0 (control), 12.5, 25, 50, 75 and 100% levels. The formulated diets were fed ...
Shah M - - 2011
Background:  Smaller plates are often recommended as a strategy for controlling energy intake; however, the effect of plate size on meal energy intake in normal weight compared to overweight or obese individuals is not known. The present study aimed to investigate this further. Methods:  Ten normal weight [mean (SD) body ...
Koehler Karsten - - 2011
During prolonged periods of high energy expenditure, restricted food intake can lead to a loss of body mass. In this case study we describe the pre-expedition support for an unsupported three-week crossing of the Atacama Desert (Chile). Our goals were to simulate the energy requirements of walking under varying conditions ...
Rubio-Aliaga Isabel - - 2011
Scope: Weight maintenance after intended weight loss is a challenge in an obesogenic environment. In a large multicentre dietary intervention study (DiOGenes), it has recently been demonstrated that a high-protein/low-glycaemic index (HP/LGI) diet was slightly more efficient in maintaining weight loss than low-protein/LGI or high-GI (LP/LGI or HGI) diets. Here, ...
Johnston David W - - 2011
There exist remarkably large differences in body weights and obesity prevalence between black and white women in the United States; and crucially, these differences are a significant contributor to black-white inequalities in health. In this article, we investigate the most proximal explanations for the weight gap: namely, differences in diet ...
Barwick Amy - - 2011
"Fat talk" is the conversational phenomenon whereby people berate their bodies in social circles. This study assessed whether norms of fat talk differ for overweight versus average-weight women. Sixty-three women read a script depicting a fat talk situation during which an overweight or average-weight target woman engaged in positive or ...
Bray G A GA Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA. - - 2012
Weight loss reduces energy expenditure, but the contribution of different macronutrients to this change is unclear. We tested the hypothesis that macronutrient composition of the diet might affect the partitioning of energy expenditure during weight loss. A substudy of 99 participants from the Preventing Overweight Using Novel Dietary Strategies (POUNDS ...
Munro Irene A - - 2011
Intentional weight loss with a reduction in adipose tissue is associated with an improvement in medical complications linked to obesity. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of two different weight loss diets on obese individuals (BMI 30-40 kg m(-2)) for improvements in anthropometric measurements and blood ...
Chen Jinjin - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of Bifidobacterium adolescentis (Bif) supplementation on visceral fat accumulation and insulin sensitivity of the metabolic syndrome in HF-diet-fed rats. Adult male Wistar rats (n 10 per group) were fed four different experimental diets for 12 weeks as follows: standard ...
Bleicher Kerrin - - 2011
PURPOSE: Weight loss is associated with bone loss; however, it is unclear whether loss of fat or loss of lean body mass plays the key role in this relationship. The aim of this longitudinal analysis was to clarify the relationship between hip BMD, hip BMC and whole body BMC with ...
Moyo Busani - - 2011
The objective of the study was to determine the effect of supplementing Moringa oleifera leaves (MOL) on growth performance, carcass and non-carcass characteristics of crossbred Xhosa lop-eared goats. A total of 24 castrated goats aged 8 months, with a mean initial weight of 15.1 ± 2.3 kg, were randomly divided into three diet groups ...
Shikany J M - - 2011
Background:  Obesity is highly prevalent throughout the world. Although modified-carbohydrate diets (MCDs) comprise one popular approach, questions remain about their utility for weight loss. The objective of the present study was to conduct a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of a specific MCD compared with various control diets on ...
Lusk Jayson L - - 2012
Previous analyses of fat taxes have generally worked within an empirical framework in which it is difficult to determine whether consumers benefit from the policy. This note outlines on simple means to determine whether consumers benefit from a fat tax by comparing the ratio of expenditures on the taxed good ...
Andretta I - - 2011
A meta-analysis was carried out to study the association of mycotoxins with performance, productive indices, and organ weights in broilers. Ninety-eight papers published between 1980 and 2009 were used, totaling 1,401 diets and 37,371 animals. Meta-analysis followed 3 sequential analyses: graphical, correlation, and variance-covariance. The mycotoxin presence in diets reduced ...
Harvey-Berino Jean - - 2011
The overall goal of the study was to understand the accuracy of self-reported weight over a 6-month Web-based obesity program. As part of a larger study, subjects (n=323; 93% female; 28% African American) were randomized to a 6-month Internet-based behavioral weight loss program with weekly group meetings delivered either: (1) ...
Hall Kevin D KD National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. - - 2011
Obesity interventions can result in weight loss, but accurate prediction of the bodyweight time course requires properly accounting for dynamic energy imbalances. In this report, we describe a mathematical modelling approach to adult human metabolism that simulates energy expenditure adaptations during weight loss. We also present a web-based simulator for ...
Zhang Rihua - - 2011
Dietary calcium influences the regulation of energy metabolism, and weight gain is attenuated by a high-calcium diet. S100A16 is a novel calcium-binding signaling protein of the EF-hand superfamily that promotes adipogenesis. This study aimed to investigate the effect of S100A16 on weight gain attenuation with a calcium-rich diet. An obese ...
Bove Caron F - - 2011
This investigation uncovered processes underlying the dynamics of body weight and body image among individuals involved in nascent heterosexual marital relationships in Upstate New York. In-depth, semi-structured qualitative interviews conducted with 34 informants, 20 women and 14 men, just prior to marriage and again one year later were used to ...
Vartanian Lenny R - - 2011
We examined the accuracy of people's estimates of their own body weight and of the body weight of other people. Female undergraduates (n=132) self-reported their weight, were weighed by the experimenter, and completed a measure of dietary restraint. Participants also viewed 10 photographs of women ranging from underweight to obese ...
Pietiläinen K H - - 2011
Objective:To investigate whether the paradoxical weight gain associated with dieting is better related to genetic propensity to weight gain than to the weight loss episodes themselves.Subjects:Subjects included 4129 individual twins from the population-based FinnTwin16 study (90% of twins born in Finland 1975-1979). Weight and height were obtained from longitudinal surveys ...
Sciamanna Christopher N CN Department of Medicine, Penn State Hershey Medical Center, Penn State University, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033, USA. - - 2011
Few studies have examined the weight-control practices that promote weight loss and weight-loss maintenance in the same sample. To examine whether the weight control practices associated with weight loss differ from those associated with weight-loss maintenance. Cross-sectional survey of a random sample of 1165 U.S. adults. The adjusted associations of ...
Beavers Kristen M - - 2011
Despite the well-known recidivism of obesity, surprisingly little is known about the composition of body weight during weight regain. The objective of this study was to determine whether the composition of body weight regained after intentional weight loss is similar to the composition of body weight lost. The design was ...
Gryka A - - 2011
The current climate change has been most likely caused by the increased greenhouse gas emissions. We have looked at the major greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide (CO(2)), and estimated the reduction in the CO(2) emissions that would occur with the theoretical global weight loss. The calculations were based on our previous ...
Cereda Emanuele - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To investigate the association between history of multiple weight loss diets followed by weight regain, namely weight cycling (WCy), and both body weight excess and abdominal fat accumulation. METHODS: A one-day cross-sectional survey ("Obesity-Day") including 914 participants (605F:309M). Anthropometric variables (body mass index [BMI], waist circumference [WC] ...
Palazzolo Eristanna - - 2011
The wide consumption of wild fungi by the local population is the basis for an evaluation of the as yet unknown nutritional composition of some selected species. Wild edible mushrooms (Fistulina hepatica, Infundibulicybe geotropa, Laetiporus sulphureus, Macrolepiota procera var. procera and Suillus granulatus) were collected in a number of Sicilian ...
Dai Yu-Cheng - - 2011
A giant polypore, Fomitiporia ellipsoidea, was found in Hainan Island in southern China. It was 20y old, and its estimated volume was 409 000-525 000cm(3) and weight was 400-500kg. This is the first report of the largest fungal fruiting body both in volume and weight.
Jodkowska Maria - - 2011
The aim of the study: To investigate the differences in the dietary patterns of Polish overweight and normal weight adolescents. Materials and methods: The study was carried out on a group of 1906 pupils from gymnasium (lower secondary school) aged 13-15 years, of whom 953 were overweight and 953 had ...
Dixon Andrew F R - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Unknown hormonal and neural satiety signals are thought to drive sustainable weight loss following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). The objective of this study was to investigate whether the structurally related satiety hormones pancreatic polypeptide (PP) and peptide YY (PYY) influence total percentage weight loss after LAGB. METHODS: A ...
Cho Geum Joon - - 2011
Parity is associated with weight retention and has long-lasting and detrimental effects on the health of women. Previous studies have shown that increasing parity was independently associated with an increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Postpartum weight is made up of several components including uterine and mammary tissues, body water (intracellular ...
Wang Ping P Department of Human Biology, NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre, PO 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The - - 2012
Weight regain after weight loss is common. In the Diogenes dietary intervention study, a high-protein and low-glycaemic index (GI) diet improved weight maintenance. The objective of the present study was to identify (1) blood profiles associated with continued weight loss and weight regain (2) blood biomarkers of dietary protein and ...
Baer David J - - 2011
A double-blind, randomized clinical trial was conducted to determine the effect of consumption of supplemental whey protein (WP), soy protein (SP), and an isoenergetic amount of carbohydrate (CHO) on body weight and composition in free-living overweight and obese but otherwise healthy participants. Ninety overweight and obese participants were randomly assigned ...
Benyi Kow - - 2011
The effects of stocking densities of 30, 35, 40 and 45 kg body weight (BW)/m(2) on the growth performance of Ross 308 and Hubbard broiler chickens were studied in a 49-day production period. Ross 308 was superior to Hubbard in weight gain and market weight and consumed more feed (p < 0.05) but ...
Chambers Julie A - - 2011
Objective. Although behavioural interventions are successful in achieving short-term weight loss, most individuals regain most or all of their weight within a few years. Our aim was to investigate factors that can help in long-term weight maintenance. Design. Qualitative interviews were conducted in order to elicit experiences, successes, and difficulties associated with ...
El Hage Rawad - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the relative importance of lean mass and fat mass on bone mineral density (BMD) in a group of Lebanese postmenopausal women. One hundred ten Lebanese postmenopausal women (aged 65-84yr) participated in this study. Age and years since menopause were recorded. Body weight ...
Sartor Francesco - - 2011
These studies examined the differences in sweet taste perception and implicit attitude toward sweet between normal-weight and overweight/obese adults; and tested the effects of soft drink consumption on sweet taste, explicit preference and implicit attitude toward sweet in normal-weight subjects. In study 1, normal-weight (n=22) and overweight/obese (n=11) adults were ...
Cruz Paulina P Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2011
The accuracy of weight loss in estimating successful changes in body composition (BC), namely fat mass (FM) loss, is not known and was addressed in our study. To assess the correlation between change in body weight and change in FM, fat% and fat-free mass (FFM), 465 participants (41% male; 41 ...
Witbracht Megan G - - 2011
The overall objective of this study was to examine the relationship between executive function, specifically decision-making, and weight loss. We used the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) to characterize decision-making and compared performance on this task to weight loss in obese women (n=29) participating in a 12-week controlled, calorie-reduced intervention. We ...
Collinson A - - 2011
Background:  The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing worldwide at an alarming rate. An Internet-based weight-loss programme has the potential to reach larger numbers of people than traditional face-to-face programmes. A growing body of evidence supports the use of low glycaemic load (GL) diets for weight loss. The present ...
Ishikawa Akira - - 2011
Body weight and fatness are quantitative traits of agricultural and medical importance. In previous genome-wide quantitative trait locus (QTL) analyses, two QTLs for body weight and weight gain at an early postnatal growth period were discovered on mouse chromosome 10 from a gene pool of wild subspecies mice, Mus musculus ...
Misieng Josephine Dorin - - 2011
The optimum dietary protein requirement of the Malaysian mahseer (Tor tambroides) fingerlings was determined in this study. In this completely randomized designed experiment, formulated diets of five levels of dietary protein (30, 35, 40, 45 and 50%) were tested on the T. tambroides fingerlings (initial body weight of 5.85 +/- ...
Martins Paulo Jf - - 2011
Evidence suggests that sleep loss is associated with an increased risk of obesity and diabetes; however, animal models have failed to produce weight gain under sleep deprivation (SD). Previous studies have suggested that this discrepancy could be due to more extreme SD conditions in experimental animals, their higher resting metabolic ...
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