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Scott Alex A Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, Centre for Hip Health and Mobility, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
Being overweight or obese is associated with an elevated risk of tendon pathology. However, for sportspeople the epidemiological data linking weight or adiposity on one hand, and risk of tendon pathology on the other, are less consistent. Indeed, the mechanistic links between diet, adiposity and tendon pathology remain largely unexamined. ...
Charles-Schoeman Christina C University of California, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
Objective. Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Systemic inflammation is proposed to play a fundamental role in the altered lipid metabolism associated with RA; however, the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Here, cholesterol and lipoprotein kinetics in patients with active RA were compared ...
Vieira C P CP Department of Structural and Functional Biology, Institute of Biology; State University of Campinas 13083-863 CP 6109, Campinas, SP, - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Green tea is widely used due to its anti-inflammatory properties. Previous studies have shown beneficial effects of a glycine diet on the remodeling process in inflamed tendons. Tendinitis is commonly observed in athletes and is of concern to surgeons due to the slowness of the recovery process. Our ...
Kongkachuichai Ratchanee R Insititue of Nutrition, Mahidol University, Salaya, Phutthamonthon, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand. Electronic address: - - 2015
Evidence from epidemiological studies has strongly suggested that diets rich in fruits and vegetables play a vital role in disease prevention. The aim of this study was to determine nutrient and antioxidant content for 15 varieties of indigenous vegetables and fruits collected from Southern Thailand. The data indicated that indigenous ...
O'Connor-Robison C I CI Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 - - 2014
Dietary long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) including arachidonic acid (ARA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are precursors for several inflammatory mediators. The objective of this study was to characterize the effects of dietary PUFA supplementation on bone, cartilage, and synovial fluid in 2 ages of pigs. Sows ...
Ikeda Yuhei Y Orthodontic Science, Department of Orofacial Development and Function, Division of Oral Health Sciences, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) hypofunction secondary to feeding a liquid diet in the growing period leads to morphological hypoplasia. However, few studies have evaluated the results of mechanical loading on the hypoplastic TMJ. This study investigated whether TMJ hypofunction in rats causes osteoarthritis (OA)-like changes when exposed to mechanical loading. Male ...
Vieira Cristiano Pedrozo CP Department of Structural and Functional Biology, Institute of Biology, State University of Campinas 13083-863 CP 6109, Campinas, SP, - - 2014
Tendinopathy of the Achilles tendon is a clinical problem that motivates the scientific community to search for treatments that assist in restoring its functional properties. Glycine has broad biological effects, acting as a modulator of the inflammatory cascade, and is the predominant amino acid in collagen. A 5% glycine diet ...
Hassankhani Ramin R Department of Science, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, - - 2014
The increasing use of silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) in various applications including industrial, agriculture, and medicine has raised concerns about their potential risks to human health. Various nanotoxicity researches have been done on the assessment of SiNPs' toxic effects; however, a few in vivo investigations exist. In this investigation, an in ...
Sontas Besim Hasan BH Section for Obstetrics and Reproduction (Sontas), Central Laboratory (Schwendenwein), Centre for Artificial Insemination and Embryo Transfer (Schäfer-Somi), University of Veterinary Sciences, Vienna, - - 2014
A 2-year-old intact miniature pinscher bitch that had been on a bones and raw foods diet since birth showed no signs of estrus despite a 40-day course of cabergoline. Elevated levels of thyroxine were detected in the serum (51 nmol/L) and in the juice of the meat (183 nmol/L) fed ...
Lindinger Michael I MI The Nutraceutical Alliance, 10526 4[th] Line, Campbellville, ON, Canada L0P 1B0. Electronic address: - - 2014
We describe a safety assessment of an oral supplement designed to nutritionally support the gastrointestinal system of horses. The supplement comprised a mixture of essential (L-threonine) and conditionally essential (L-glutamine) amino acids, polar lipids, oat bran rich in beta glucans and yeast extract. Young (1 - 2 years) horses of ...
Pons-Rejraji Hanae - - 2014
Recommendations for cardiovascular disease prevention advocate lowering both cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol systemic levels, notably by statin intake. However, statins are the subject of questions concerning their impact on male fertility. This study aimed to evaluate, by a prospective pilot assay, the efficacy and the toxicity of a decrease ...
Ajai Kratika K Post Graduate Student. Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Institute of Dental Sciences, Bareilly, UP, - - 2014
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is the most prevalent precancerous condition in India. Low levels of lipids serves as a marker and prognostic indicator in the early detection of oral precancerous and cancerous states. In spite of the high prevalence and its potential to undergo malignant transformation, this condition has not ...
Caliph Suzanne M SM Drug Delivery, Disposition and Dynamics, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University (Parkville campus), Parkville, Vic, - - 2014
To assess the role of intestinal lymphatic transport in the oral bioavailability and brain deposition of a highly lipophilic, centrally acting drug candidate (Org 49209) in comparison to cholesterol, a close structural analogue. The intestinal lymphatic transport of Org 49209 and cholesterol was assessed in lymph-cannulated anaesthetised rats and total ...
Zotti F F Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy - - - 2014
The aim of this paper was to investigate the effects of fluorotherapy on the oral health of subjects who had been following a vegan diet (lacking in meat and animal derivatives) for a long period of time (at least 1 year and 6 months). A preliminary study (t0) evaluated 50 ...
Molina-Cimadevila M J MJ Instituto de Neurociencias de Alicante, Universidad Miguel Hernández-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Alicante, - - 2014
Postsurgical oral self-administration of analgesics in rodents is an interesting technique of providing analgesia, avoiding the negative effects of manipulation. Several strategies, using gelatin or nutella, have already been described. However, rodents require some habituation period to reach a good intake because of their neophobic behavior. The current study aimed ...
Kulkarni Bhushan Vilas BV University of - - 2014
Lingual lipase generates non esterified fatty acids (NEFA) from dietary fats during oral processing by lipolysis. Lingual lipase in rodents has strong lipolytic activity and plays a critical role in oral detection of fats. The functional activity of lingual lipase during oral processing of high fat foods in humans remains ...
Sangvanich Thanapon - - 2014
We have developed a thiol-modified nanoporous silica material (SH-SAMMS) as an oral therapy for the prevention and treatment of heavy metal poisoning. SH-SAMMS has been reported to be highly efficient at capturing heavy metals in biological fluids and water. Herein, SH-SAMMS was examined for efficacy and safety in both in ...
Hashim Sami A SA Md Columbia University College of Physicians & - - 2014
Abstract Ketone bodies (KB), acetoacetate and β-hyroxybutyrate, were considered harmful metabolic by-products when discovered in the mid-nineteenth century in urine of patients with diabetic ketoacidosis. It took physicians many years to realize KB are normal metabolites synthesized by the liver and exported into the systemic circulation to serve as an ...
Torkzahrani Shahnaz S Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences & Health Services, Tehran, - - 2014
Combined oral contraceptives (COCs) have some adverse effects on the serum lipid profile. Because hyperlipidemia is one of the risk factors in cardiovascular diseases, lipid abnormalities should be evaluated in women consuming COCs. Vitamins E and C are known to have beneficial effects on serum lipid profiles. Therefore, in this ...
Kafilzadeh Farokh F Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Razi University, Kermanshah, - - 2014
The object of this study was to determine the effect of prepartum supplementation of vitamin E with or without injective vitamin E and selenium (Se) on productive and reproductive performances and immune function in dairy cows. Sixty multiparous Holstein dairy cows were divided randomly into three groups at the end ...
Montelius Caroline C Department of Experimental Medical Science, Appetite Regulation Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Sölvegatan 19, 221 84 Lund, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2013
Dietary chloroplast thylakoids have previously been found to reduce food intake and body weight in animal models, and to change metabolic profiles in humans in mixed-food meal studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the modulatory effects of thylakoids on glucose metabolism and appetite-regulating hormones during an oral ...
Yuan Huaiping H Center for Anti-Inflammatory Therapeutics, School of Dental Medicine and Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Boston University, Boston, MA - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the role of nucleotide binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2 (NOD2) signaling in atherosclerosis and periodontal bone loss using an Apolipoprotein E(-/-) (ApoE(-/-)) mouse model based on the proposed role of NOD2 in inflammation. NOD2(-/-)ApoE(-/-) and ApoE(-/-) mice fed a standard chow diet ...
Mansour Sa - - 2013
During gestation and lactation, the experimental mice dams received one of the following treatments: (a) diet free of pesticide; (b) diet enriched with endosulfan (END); 30.0 µg kg(-1); (c) diet free of pesticide + oral vitamin E (α-tocopherol; 200 mg kg(-1) per mouse); and (d) diet enriched with END (30.0 ...
Belaïd-Nouira Yosra Y Laboratory of Histology and Cytogenetic (Research unit of Genetic 02/UR/08-03), Faculty of Medicine, Avenue Ibnou Sina 5000 Monastir, - - 2013
Despite the reports on safety concerns regarding the relationship between aluminum salts and neurological and bone disease, many countries continue to use aluminum as phosphate binders among patients with renal failure. In search for a diet supplement that could reduce aluminum toxicity related to renal failure, we carried out this ...
Moreira Daniele C F - - 2013
Many trace elements are nutrients essential to humans, acting in the metabolism as constituents or as enzymatic co-factors. The iron, zinc, copper, manganese and selenium contents of hospital diets (regular, blend and soft) and of oral food complement (OFC) were determined, evaluating the adequacy of each element in relation to ...
Pommergaard Hans-Christian - - 2013
Background/Aim: Research has shown that chemoprevention may be effective against the development of lung cancer. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of oral chemoprevention in a mouse model of tobacco carcinogen-induced lung tumor. A total of 60 A/J mice were randomized to a normal diet, ...
Dedonato Bethany M BM Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Kern Medical Center, Bakersfield, - - 2013
To determine whether an extended infusion time (24 hours) of intravenous fat emulsion is associated with an increase in microbial growth, versus a shorter infusion time (12 hours). Samples were collected from intravenous fat emulsions (n=132), from intravenous fat emulsions prepared in the current 24-hour infusion method (n=55), and from ...
Zhou Ji Chang - - 2013
To study the effect of oral vitamin D (VD) supplementation on VD status and serum lipid in Chinese obese and healthy normal-weight men. Twenty-one obese men with their body mass index (BMI)>28 kg/m(2) served as an obese group and 22 healthy normal-weight men with their BMI<24 kg/m(2) served as a ...
Fang Yan - - 2013
Plant sources of umbelliferones have tumor-inhibitory effects at the cellular level. However, their physiological functions in animals are largely unresolved. In this study, we provide evidence to show that 4-methylumbelliferone (4-MU) participates in the regulation of antioxidative capacity in the fat body of Bombyx mori, a tissue similar to mammalian ...
Nagasaki Yukio - - 2013
Quaternized polyamine nanogels possessing poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-tethered chains as the surface layer were prepared by redox-initiated emulsion polymerization of 2-(N,N-diethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (EAMA) in the presence of vinylbenzyl-ended poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG-CH2PhCHCH2), followed by quaternization with methyl iodide (QNG-I). QNG-I absorbed taurocholic acid regardless of environmental pH, because of the fixed positive ...
Jalbert Isabelle - - 2013
Nutrition disorders and their correlates such as obesity are increasingly prevalent worldwide. A number of studies to date have suggested numerous potential associations between diet and tear film health; this paper will provide a summary of the available literature. The tear film is characterized through its protein and lipid content ...
Lim A - - 2013
Treprostinil diolamine (oral treprostinil) is a prostacyclin analogue currently being evaluated for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension as a sustained-release (SR) oral tablet. Previous data have demonstrated that the oral bioavailability of treprostinil was improved when taken with a meal containing at least 500 calories. As twice-daily intake of ...
Garvican Laura A - - 2013
Iron deficiency is prevalent in distance runners and may impair endurance performance. Current practice of oral supplementation is slow and often not well tolerated. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of intravenous iron supplementation (ferric carboxymaltose) compared to oral supplementation (ferrous sulphate) on iron status, haemoglobin ...
Newman Anne L - - 2013
Abstract Background: The composition of breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) has been shown to evolve from the initial accumulation of fluid to the development of fibrotic lesions and abnormal fat deposition. Therefore, precise and reliable assessments of BCRL are required to develop accurate staging and management. Although dual energy x-ray absorptiometry ...
Balan P - - 2013
The aim was to determine whether orally administered ovine serum Ig modulate the gut microbiota in the growing rat. Thirty Sprague-Dawley male rats were used in a 21-d study and fed either a basal control diet (CONTROL; no Ig) or a similar diet containing freeze-dried ovine Ig (ovine Ig) with ...
Snow Jonathan W JW Department of Biology; Barnard College; New York, NY - - 2013
Cross-kingdom delivery of specific microRNAs to recipient organisms via food ingestion has been reported recently. However, it is unclear if such delivery of microRNAs occurs frequently in animal organisms after typical dietary intake. We found substantial levels of specific microRNAs in diets commonly consumed orally by humans, mice, and honey ...
Moon Won - - 2013
Effective colonoscopy requires an adequate level of cleansing as a basic component. This review will describe a compact review about general considerations in bowel preparation for colonoscopy and specific considerations for various patients. A low-fiber diet instead of a regular diet on the day before colonoscopy is an independent predictor ...
Jones Mitchell L - - 2013
Context:Low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D is a risk factor for osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer. Disruption of non-cholesterol sterol absorption due to cholesterol lowering therapies may result in reduced fat soluble vitamin absorption.Objective:We have previously reported on the cholesterol lowering efficacy and reduced sterol absorption of probiotic bile salt hydrolase ...
Nair Krishnapillai Madhavan KM Divisions of Micronutrient Research, National Institute of Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research, Hyderabad, India. - - 2013
Assessing the bioavailability of non-heme iron and zinc is essential for recommending diets that meet the increased growth-related demand for these nutrients. We studied the bioavailability of iron and zinc from a rice-based meal in 16 adolescent boys and girls, 13-15 y of age, from 2 government-run residential schools. Participants ...
Piepers Sofie - - 2013
A randomised clinical trial was conducted to explore the effect of orally supplemented medium-chain fatty acids (MCFA) to heifers and cows starting 6-8 weeks prior to expected calving date on blood and milk polymorphonuclear neutrophilic leucocyte (PMNL) apoptosis between 1 and 3 d in milk (DIM). The effects of MCFA-supplementation ...
Zhu Min M Cytori Therapeutics, Inc., San Diego, CA 92121, - - 2013
Successful long-term volume retention of an autologous fat graft is problematic. The presence of contaminating cells, tumescent fluid, and free lipid in the graft contributes to disparate outcomes. Better preparation methods for the fat graft before transplantation may significantly improve results. Subcutaneous fat from 22 donors was divided and processed ...
Alonso E C - - 2013
Leaf-cutting ants are the main herbivores in the New World tropics. Although the toxicity of seed oils against these ants has been poorly investigated, previous results revealed that seed oils exert considerable toxic activity against these insects. This paper analyzes the toxic action and deterrent properties of castor oil, Ricinus ...
Sipe Brian W - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Preprocedural dietary restrictions have been identified as a common reason potential candidates for colorectal cancer screening do not undergo colonoscopy as recommended. OBJECTIVE: To study whether a low-residue diet impacts bowel preparation with oral sulfate solution. DESIGN: Endoscopist blinded, prospective, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community-based outpatient ambulatory surgical center. ...
Fadel Hani T - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess clinical, microbiological and inflammatory parameters as indicators for caries and periodontal disease in adolescents with obesity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-seven adolescents with obesity [body mass index (BMI) 37 ± 4 kg/m(2)] and 28 controls (BMI 20 ± 2 kg/m(2)) answered questionnaires and were investigated regarding salivary parameters, plaque pH drop ...
Balan P - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine whether orally ingested ovine serum IgG partly resists digestion in the growing rat. Fifteen Sprague-Dawley male rats were allocated to one of three diets for a 3-week study: a control diet (CON) and two test diets containing either freeze-dried ovine serum immunoglobulin ...
Tenambergen Frederike - - 2013
Nanoscaled fat emulsions are well established as a drug delivery system for lipophilic drugs and for the use in parenteral nutrition. Typically, the production of nanoscaled fat emulsions requires several formulation steps, including high pressure homogenization and filtration. The applicability of dual asymmetric centrifugation as an alternative technique to produce ...
Kim Hyun-Ju - - 2013
Metformin is widely used to treat obese diabetics because of its beneficial effects on body weight, energy intake, and glucose regulation. However, it has not been investigated how oral metformin affects meal patterns, or whether the reduced food intake is associated with neuronal activation in the hindbrain. Accordingly, we investigated ...
Belaïd-Nouira Yosra - - 2013
Having considered how bioavailable aluminium (Al) may affect ecological systems and animals living there, especially cattle, and in search for a preventive dietary treatment against Al toxicity, we aimed to test the protective role of fenugreek seeds against chronic liver injury induced by aluminum chloride (AlCl3) in Wistar rats. Five ...
Mazo Daniel F C DF University of São Paulo School of Medicine, Department of Gastroenterology, Clinical Division, Hepatology Branch (LIM-07), Sao Paulo, - - 2013
S-Nitroso-N-acetylcysteine (SNAC) is a water soluble primary S-nitrosothiol capable of transferring and releasing nitric oxide and inducing several biochemical activities, including modulation of hepatic stellate cell activation. In this study, we evaluated the antifibrotic activity of SNAC in an animal model of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) induced in Sprague-Dawley rats fed ...
Mascari T M - - 2013
The sand fly Phlebotomus papatasi Scopoli is the vector of Leishmania major (Yakimoff & Schokhor), which is maintained in populations of burrowing rodents. The purpose of this study was to conduct a laboratory study to determine the efficacy of oral treatment of rodents with fipronil for control of sand flies ...
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