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Ali A M AM a Chemistry Department, Pharmacology Unit , Animal Health Research Institute , Benha Branch , Benha , - - 2014
Abstract 1. The effect of butyric acid glycerides (BAGs) with and without clopidol (CLP) on Eimeria maxima on growth and associated biochemical variables was investigated in broiler chickens. 2. One-day-old chicks were divided into 6 equal groups (Gps) of 30 chicks each; each group was subdivided into 6 equal subgroups. ...
Liu Hongyu H Laboratory of Aquatic Animal Nutrition and Feed, Fisheries College, Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang 524025, P.R. - - 2014
The common pathogens in aquaculture are very different from those in terrestrial animals. The objective of this study was to isolate probiotic strain (s) from the digestive tract of healthy white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei which was effective against aquatic animal pathogens. The putative probiotic strain S12 was identified as Bacillus ...
Gräber Tobias - - 2014
BackgroundThe weaning period is critical for stress-related diseases and infections. Currently, large amounts of therapeutic antimicrobials are used to treat infections in the livestock production, especially in piglets. Phytogenic feed additives could provide a useful alternative. We hypothesize, that components in agrimonia species which have been used successfully in humans ...
Ryerse I A IA Department of Pathobiology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, - - 2014
Diets containing deoxynivalenol (DON) were fed to rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum) for 4 weeks followed by experimental infection (intraperitoneal) with Flavobacterium psychrophilum (4.1 × 10(6) colony-forming units [CFU] mL(-1) ). Mortality of rainbow trout fed either 6.4 mg kg(-1) DON or trout pair-fed the control diet was significantly reduced (P < 0.05) in comparison with trout fed ...
Vásquez-Trespalacios Elsa M - - 2014
Cardiovascular diseases have become the leading cause of death from chronic diseases in the world. Main risk factors include hypercholesterolemia, which is caused in most cases by a high saturated fat diet. Plant stanol esters partly block cholesterol absorption in the digestive tract and thereby reduce total cholesterol and low-density ...
Maki Kevin C KC Biofortis Clinical Research, Addison, IL, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this double-blind, parallel trial, 93 healthy adults with hypertriglyceridemia (triacylglycerols [TAG] 150-499mg/dL) were randomized to receive either a nutritional oil derived from marine algae (DHA-O; 2.4g/day docosahexaenoic acid [DHA] and eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] in a 2.7:1 ratio), fish oil (FO; 2.0g/day DHA and EPA in a 0.7:1 ratio), or ...
Bai Shiping S Institute of Animal Nutrition, Feed Engineering Research Centre of Sichuan Province, Sichuan Agricultural University, Xinkang Road 46#, Yucheng District, 625014, Ya'an, Sichuan, People's Republic of - - 2014
To investigate the effects of dietary manganese (Mn) supplementation on iron (Fe) metabolism, a total of 480 50-week-old hens were fed the basal diet (control, 24.35 mg Mn/kg) without Mn supplementation for 6 weeks to reduce Mn storage in the body. Hens were then randomly assigned to one of three treatments, which ...
Komprda T T Department of Food Technology, Mendel University in Brno, Brno, Czech - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that the dietary oils with different content of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) + docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) affect plasma lipid level in rats in a different degree. The diets with 6% of fish oil (FO) and Schizochytrium ...
Sá R W M RW Federal University of Ouro Preto, Department of Biological Sciences/NUPEB Campus Universitário Morro do Cruzeiro, Ouro Preto, MG 35.400-000, - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate the cardiovascular component of the arterial chemoreflex in rats recovered from low protein diet. Male Fischer rats were randomly divided into control and recovered (R-PR) groups after weaning. R-PR rats were fed with low protein diet for 35days and recovered under normal protein diet for ...
Medel Ramon R Institut de Microcirurgia Ocular , Barcelona , - - 2014
Abstract Goal: To describe the technique we use to obtain a fat graft from the periumbilical area to replace volume in our patients requiring total or partial orbital volume restoration or replacement. Materials and methods: Under local anaesthesia a one-piece fat auto-graft is obtained from one of the quadrants of ...
Asemi Z Z Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, - - 2014
This study was designed to assess the effects of Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating plan on insulin resistance and serum hs-CRP in overweight and obese women with PCOS. This randomized controlled clinical trial was done on 48 women diagnosed with PCOS. Subjects were randomly assigned to consume either ...
Jenkins David J A DJ Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, CanadaDepartment of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, CanadaClinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, CanadaDivision of Endocrinology and Metabolism, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, CanadaLi Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada - - 2014
Despite their independent cardiovascular disease (CVD) advantages, effects of α-linolenic acid (ALA), monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA), and low-glycemic-load (GL) diets have not been assessed in combination. We therefore determined the combined effect of ALA, MUFA, and low GL on glycemic control and CVD risk factors in type 2 diabetes.RESEARCH DESIGN ...
Benn Tyler T Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, - - 2014
Obesity is closely associated with chronic, low-grade inflammation. We investigated if polyphenol-rich blackcurrant extract (BCE) can prevent inflammation in vivo. Male C57BL/6J mice were fed a modified AIN-93M control diet containing high fat/high cholesterol (16% fat, 0.25% cholesterol by weight) or the control diet supplemented with 0.1% BCE (wt/wt) for ...
Trepanowski John F JF a Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition , University of Illinois at Chicago , Chicago , - - 2014
Abstract The American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) have each outlined a set of dietary recommendations aimed at improving glycemic control and blood lipids, respectively. However, traditional vegan diets (low-fat diets that proscribe animal product consumption) are also effective at improving glycemic control, and dietary ...
Tripkovic L L Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences,, Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, - - 2014
Previous studies suggest that the beneficial health effects of a diet rich in whole grains could be a result of the individual fibres found in the grain. The present study aimed to investigate the influence of a diet high in either wheat fibre (as an example of an insoluble fibre) ...
Anthanont Pimjai P Cardiovascular Nutrition Laboratory, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA 02111, - - 2014
We report a novel apolipoprotein (apo) A-I truncation (apoA-IMytilene) due to a heterozygous nonsense mutation (c.718C > T, p.Gln216*) in a 68-year-old male proband with premature coronary heart disease (CHD), corneal arcus, and very low plasma concentrations of HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) and apoA-I. Two family members also had the same mutation. Our ...
Fernandes Gustavo W GW Presbyterian University Mackenzie - Biological ScienceCCBS, São Paulo, SP, BrazilInstitute of Science Biomedical - Morpho-Functional SciencesAv. Prof. Lineu Prestes, São Paulo, SP 04310-000, BrazilDepartment of Cell and Developmental BiologyInstitute of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, São Paulo, SP, BrazilDepartment of AnatomyInstitute of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes, 2415, Sao Paulo, SP 05508-000, BrazilSanta Casa - AFIP and PathologySchool of Medical Sciences, São Paulo, SP, BrazilSchool of Physical Education and SportUniversity of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, BrazilFederal University of ABC - Human and Natural Sciences CenterRua Catequese, 242, Santo Andre, SP 09090-400, BrazilDivision of EndocrinologyDiabetes and Metabolism, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USACiências Biológicas e da SaúdeUniversidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie - PPGDD - CCBS, Rua da Consolação, 930 prédio 16, 1 andar, São Paulo, SP 01302-907, - - 2014
Three types of beta adrenergic receptors (ARβ1-3) mediate the sympathetic activation of brown adipose tissue (BAT), the key thermogenic site for mice which is also present in adult humans. In this study, we evaluated adaptive thermogenesis and metabolic profile of a mouse with Arβ2 knockout (ARβ2KO). At room temperature, ARβ2KO ...
Khouri Roger K RK Miami, Fla.; Verona, Italy; Ann Arbor, Mich.; and Houston, Texas From the Miami Breast Center; the Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine at Florida International University; the University of Verona; and the University of Michigan Medical School; Baylor College of - - 2014
The authors describe the techniques that use the principles of fat grafting to allow them to successfully graft megavolumes (250-ml range) of autologous fat into breasts. The Brava external volume expansion device preoperatively increases the volume and vascularity of the recipient site. Low-pressure liposuction and minimal centrifugation are used to ...
Alsop Derek D McMaster University, 1280 Main St. W., Hamilton, ON, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Nickel (Ni) concentrations in the environment can rise due to human industrial activities. The toxicity of waterborne Ni to aquatic animals has been examined in a number of previous studies, however, little is known about the impacts of elevated dietary Ni. In the present study, zebrafish were chronically fed diets ...
Pound Lynley D LD Oregon National Primate Research Center - - 2014
Children exposed to a maternal Western-style diet in utero have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Understanding the mechanisms and an investigation of possible interventions are critical to reversing this phenomenon. We examined the impact of maternal Western-style diet consumption on the development of islet vascularization and innervation, ...
Tocco Ilaria I From the *Aesthetic and Plastic Surgery Institute, University of California, Irvine, CA; †Clinic of Plastic Surgery, University of Padova, Italy; and ‡Laboratory for Tissue Engineering & Regenerative Medicine, University of California, Irvine, - - 2014
The development of autologous fat grafting to augment or reconstruct tissue defects has become an increasingly popular modality among plastic surgeons. Despite its popularity, a standardized fat grafting protocol has yet to be developed. Great variations exist with regard to almost all the technical features, yielding a reported fat graft ...
Adamsson Viola V Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, Uppsala University, Uppsala Science Park, SE-751 85 Uppsala, - - 2014
It is unclear whether advising a prudent breakfast alone is sufficient to improve blood lipids and cardiometabolic risk factors in overweight hypercholesterolemic subjects. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a prudent low-fat breakfast (PB) rich in dietary fiber lowers low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and other cardiometabolic risk ...
Heo Jung Min JM Department of Animal Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, South - - 2014
The net energy (NE) content of canola meals (CM; i.e. Brassica napus yellow and Brassica juncea yellow) in growing pigs was determined using an indirect calorimetry chamber or published prediction equations. The study was conducted as a completely randomized design (n = 6), with (i) a basal diet and (ii) 2 diets ...
Ha Vanessa - - 2014
BACKGROUND:Evidence from controlled trials encourages the intake of dietary pulses (beans, chickpeas, lentils and peas) as a method of improving dyslipidemia, but heart health guidelines have stopped short of ascribing specific benefits to this type of intervention or have graded the beneficial evidence as low. We conducted a systematic review ...
Andretto Ana Paula AP Post-graduate Program in Food Science, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, PR, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The homeopathic complex HomeoAqua Mega 3(®) was designed to stimulate fish liver function resulting in enhanced lipid metabolism and improved overall performance. The effect of the complex in fatty acid compounds in the muscle tissues and the performance of Nile tilapia (O. niloticus) were evaluated. A control diet with 40 mL ...
Igawa Mio - - 2014
Human milk (HM) is the optimum nutrition for preterm infants. Previous studies showed that tube infusion decreased the fat content in thawed HM. The aim of this study was to determine if freezing–thawing is the main reason for decrease of fat content. In neonatal intensive care units, thawed HM is ...
Ponce C H CH Feedlot Research Group, West Texas A&M University, - - 2014
Two experiments were conducted to explore the effects of a sodium saccharin-based dietary sweetener (Sucram) on growth performance, health, and physiological responses of feedlot steers. In Exp. 1, 173 newly-received male calves purchased from auction barns were fed 0, 100, 200, or 300 g of Sucram/t of DM over 56 ...
Da Silva Hannah E - - 2014
Poor diet and a sedentary lifestyle can contribute to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Our aim was to compare diet and physical activity of patients with NAFLD and healthy controls with current recommendations. This was a cross-sectional study. Seventy-four patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD (33 simple steatosis and 41 steatohepatitis [NASH]) ...
Soerensen Karina V KV Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, - - 2014
Calcium from different dairy sources might affect blood lipids and fecal fat excretion differently because of differences in the food matrix and nutritional composition. We investigated whether milk- and cheese-based diets with similar calcium contents affect a saturated fatty acid-induced increase in blood lipids differently. Fifteen healthy, young men participated ...
de Oliveira Andrade Fábia F Faculty of Pharmaceutical - - 2014
The present study investigated whether early life exposure to high levels of animal fat increases breast cancer risk in adulthood in rats. Dams consumed a lard-based high-fat (HF) diet (60% fat-derived energy) or an AIN93G control diet (16% fat-derived energy) during gestation or gestation and lactation. Their 7-week-old female offspring ...
Chung Michael T MT 1Hagey Laboratory for Pediatric Regenerative Medicine, Department of Surgery, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Division, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California. 2Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University School of Medicine and Engineering, Stanford, California. 3TauTona Group, Menlo Park, California 4Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford California. 5Plastic Surgery Center of Palo Alto, Palo Alto, - - 2014
Fat grafting has become increasingly popular for the correction of soft tissue deficits at many sites throughout the body. Long-term outcomes, however, depend on delivery of fat in the least traumatic fashion to optimize viability of the transplanted tissue. In this study, we compare the biologic properties of fat following ...
Janssens Pilou L H R PL Department of Human Biology, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht (NUTRIM), Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Addition of capsaicin (CAPS) to the diet has been shown to increase satiety; therefore, CAPS is of interest for anti-obesity therapy. We investigated the effects of CAPS on appetite profile and ad libitum energy intake in relation to energy balance. Fifteen subjects (seven women and eight men, age: 29.7 ± 10.8yrs, BMI: ...
Leahey Tricia M TM Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown Medical School, The Miriam Hospital/Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, Providence, RI, USA. Electronic - - 2014
Summary: Self-control is associated with positive health outcomes; however, there is limited information on self-control and weight loss. Thus, the purpose of this preliminary research was to examine how objectively measured self-control operates within the context of a behavioral weight loss program (BWL). Results showed that greater self-control and increases ...
Kholif A E AE Dairy Science Department, National Research Centre, El Buhoth Street, Dokki, Cairo, - - 2014
The study evaluated replacement of Egyptian berseem clover (BC, Trifolium alexandrinum) with spent rice straw (SRS) of Pleurotus ostreatus basidiomycete in diets of lactating Baladi goats. Nine lactating homo-parity Baladi goats (average BW 23.8±0.4 kg) at 7 d postpartum were used in a triplicate 3×3 Latin square design with 30 ...
Tummaruk Padet P Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand, - - 2014
This study investigates the effects of microencapsulated fat (FAT) and whey protein (WHEY) supplementation on the milk composition, backfat loss, and reproductive performance in lactating sows. A total of 144 sows were divided according to their backfat thickness at farrowing into three groups, i.e., low (12.0-16.5 mm, n = 33), moderate (17.0-21.5 mm, n = 78), ...
Podszun Maren C MC Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, D-70599 Stuttgart, - - 2014
The increased uptake and storage of lipids in the liver are important features of steatotic liver diseases. The fatty acid translocase/scavenger receptor cluster of differentiation (CD)36 facilitates the hepatic uptake of lipids. We investigated if RRR-α-tocopherol (αT) alone or in combination with atorvastatin (ATV) is capable of preventing hepatic lipid ...
PorzeziƄska-Furtak Joanna J Department of Hypertension and Internal Medicine, Pomeranian Medical University, 71252, Szczecin, - - 2014
We sought associations among metabolic profiles, copeptin levels, emotional control, personality traits, and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity in metabolically obese normal-weight young women (MONW). We assessed body composition, including fat-free mass; body fat (BF) and android and gynoid fat depots; fasting blood glucose, insulin, copeptin, cortisol (baseline and after dexamethasone), adrenocorticotropin ...
Cooper W Rodney - - 2014
Lygus hesperus Knight (Hemiptera: Miridae) is a key agricultural pest in the western United States. In a recent study, proteins from Pantoea ananatis and Serratia marcescens (Enterobacteriales: Enterobacteriaceae) were identified in diet that was stylet probed and fed on by L. hesperus adults. P. ananatis and S. marcescens are ubiquitous ...
Bisson Jean-François JF 1 ETAP-Applied Ethology, Research Centre in Pharmacology , Cancerology & Human Pathologies, Toxicology and Nutrition-Health, Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France - - 2014
Abstract Consumption of diet rich in lignans may decrease the risk of some chronic hormonal conditions such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This study investigated whether a lignan-rich extract from flaxseed hulls, LinumLife EXTRA (LLE), could prevent BPH using the testosterone propionate (TP)-induced BPH rat model. Male Wistar-Unilever rats were ...
Slyper A H AH Department of Pediatrics, Lehigh Valley Health Network, Allentown, - - 2014
Background/objectives:Little information is available as to the cause of increased carotid artery intima media thickening (cIMT) in the pediatric population. Therefore, cIMT was compared in obese adolescents and normal-weight controls, and associations between cIMT and lipid and non-lipid cardiovascular risk factors were assessed.Subjects/methods:Subjects were 61 obese non-diabetic male and female ...
Asemi Z Z Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:The current study was performed to investigate the effects of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating plan on pregnancy outcomes in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).Subjects/Methods:This randomized controlled clinical trial was performed among 52 women diagnosed with GDM. Participants were randomly assigned to consume either the ...
Camacho L E LE Department of Animal Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo - - 2014
The objectives were to evaluate the effects of nutrient restriction during early to midgestation followed by realimentation on maternal performance and organ mass in pregnant beef cows. On d 30 of pregnancy, multiparous, nonlactating cows (initial BW = 620.5 ± 11.3 kg and BCS = 5.1 ± 0.1) were assigned ...
Wattanakrai Kamol K Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital, Paholyothin Road, Bangkok 10220, Thailand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Removal of orbital fat in lower lid blepharoplasty has been widely replaced by fat realignment over the orbital rim. However, incomplete correction or recurrence of fat bulging is still common compared to a simple fat removal procedure due to improper transfer and fixation of fat over the orbital rim. The ...
Salas-Salvadó Jordi - - 2014
Interventions promoting weight loss can reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Whether dietary changes without calorie restriction also protect from diabetes has not been evaluated. To assess the efficacy of Mediterranean diets for the primary prevention of diabetes in the Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea trial, from October 2003 ...
Costea I I Public Health Agency of Canada, Montreal, - - 2014
Increased dietary ratios of ω6/ω3 poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been implicated in pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD), but epidemiologic data are limited. We investigated whether variants of genes that control PUFA metabolism (CYP4F3, FADS1, and FADS2), along with the dietary ratio of ω6/ω3, confers susceptibility to CD. Based on ...
Min Byeng R BR Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL, - - 2014
Eighteen Kiko-cross meat goats (n = 6) were used to collect gastrointestinal (GI) bacteria and methanogenic archaea for diversity measures when fed condensed tannin-containing pine bark (PB). Three dietary treatments were tested: control diet (0% PB and 30% wheat straw (WS); 0.17% condensed tannins (CT) dry matter (DM)); 15% PB ...
Chiaradia André A Department of Research, Phillip Island Nature Parks, Cowes, Victoria, - - 2014
Reconstructing the diet of top marine predators is of great significance in several key areas of applied ecology, requiring accurate estimation of their true diet. However, from conventional stomach content analysis to recent stable isotope and DNA analyses, no one method is bias or error free. Here, we evaluated the ...
Alshbool Fatima Z FZ Musculoskeletal Disease Center, Jerry L Pettis VA Medical Center, Loma Linda, 92357, California ; Department of Pharmacology, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, 92354, - - 2014
We have recently demonstrated that mice with disruption of claudin-18 (Cldn-18) gene exhibited osteopenia due to increased bone resorption (BR). In this study, we found that gastric pH was significantly higher in Cldn-18 knockout (KO) mice compared to heterozygous control mice at 10 weeks of age. To test the possibility ...
Torrens Juana María JM Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Nutrition, and Biotechnology (Nutrigenomics), University of the Balearic Islands and CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBEROBN), Palma de Mallorca, Balearic - - 2014
Background/Aims: Moderate maternal calorie-restriction during gestation programmes offspring for a major propensity to develop metabolic alterations in adulthood. We aimed to assess whether increased hepatic fatty-acid oxidation (FAO), at early ages, by gene transfer of Cpt1am (active mutant of carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1a), may be a strategy for reversing metabolic disturbances associated ...
Dunn Tamara N TN Graduate Group in Nutritional Biology, University of California, Davis, USA ; Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, - - 2014
Diets rich in dairy and/or calcium (Ca) have been associated with reductions in adiposity and inflammation, but the mechanisms underlying this remain to be fully elucidated. Oxylipins and endocannabinoids are bioactive lipids, which influence energy homeostasis, adipose function, insulin signaling, and inflammation. Our objective was to determine if these metabolites ...
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