Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 995
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Tocco Ilaria I From the *Aesthetic and Plastic Surgery Institute, University of California, Irvine, CA; †Clinic of Plastic Surgery, University of Padova, Italy; and ‡Laboratory for Tissue Engineering & Regenerative Medicine, University of California, Irvine, - - 2014
The development of autologous fat grafting to augment or reconstruct tissue defects has become an increasingly popular modality among plastic surgeons. Despite its popularity, a standardized fat grafting protocol has yet to be developed. Great variations exist with regard to almost all the technical features, yielding a reported fat graft ...
Heo Jung Min JM Department of Animal Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, South - - 2014
The net energy (NE) content of canola meals (CM; i.e. Brassica napus yellow and Brassica juncea yellow) in growing pigs was determined using an indirect calorimetry chamber or published prediction equations. The study was conducted as a completely randomized design (n = 6), with (i) a basal diet and (ii) 2 diets ...
Ha Vanessa - - 2014
BACKGROUND:Evidence from controlled trials encourages the intake of dietary pulses (beans, chickpeas, lentils and peas) as a method of improving dyslipidemia, but heart health guidelines have stopped short of ascribing specific benefits to this type of intervention or have graded the beneficial evidence as low. We conducted a systematic review ...
Ponce C H CH Feedlot Research Group, West Texas A&M University, - - 2014
Two experiments were conducted to explore the effects of a sodium saccharin-based dietary sweetener (Sucram) on growth performance, health, and physiological responses of feedlot steers. In Exp. 1, 173 newly-received male calves purchased from auction barns were fed 0, 100, 200, or 300 g of Sucram/t of DM over 56 ...
Da Silva Hannah E - - 2014
Poor diet and a sedentary lifestyle can contribute to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Our aim was to compare diet and physical activity of patients with NAFLD and healthy controls with current recommendations. This was a cross-sectional study. Seventy-four patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD (33 simple steatosis and 41 steatohepatitis [NASH]) ...
Soerensen Karina V KV Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, - - 2014
Calcium from different dairy sources might affect blood lipids and fecal fat excretion differently because of differences in the food matrix and nutritional composition. We investigated whether milk- and cheese-based diets with similar calcium contents affect a saturated fatty acid-induced increase in blood lipids differently. Fifteen healthy, young men participated ...
Chung Michael T MT 1Hagey Laboratory for Pediatric Regenerative Medicine, Department of Surgery, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Division, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California. 2Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University School of Medicine and Engineering, Stanford, California. 3TauTona Group, Menlo Park, California 4Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford California. 5Plastic Surgery Center of Palo Alto, Palo Alto, - - 2014
Fat grafting has become increasingly popular for the correction of soft tissue deficits at many sites throughout the body. Long-term outcomes, however, depend on delivery of fat in the least traumatic fashion to optimize viability of the transplanted tissue. In this study, we compare the biologic properties of fat following ...
Janssens Pilou L H R PL Department of Human Biology, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht (NUTRIM), Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Addition of capsaicin (CAPS) to the diet has been shown to increase satiety; therefore, CAPS is of interest for anti-obesity therapy. We investigated the effects of CAPS on appetite profile and ad libitum energy intake in relation to energy balance. Fifteen subjects (seven women and eight men, age: 29.7 ± 10.8yrs, BMI: ...
Leahey Tricia M TM Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown Medical School, The Miriam Hospital/Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, Providence, RI, USA. Electronic - - 2014
Summary: Self-control is associated with positive health outcomes; however, there is limited information on self-control and weight loss. Thus, the purpose of this preliminary research was to examine how objectively measured self-control operates within the context of a behavioral weight loss program (BWL). Results showed that greater self-control and increases ...
Tummaruk Padet P Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand, - - 2014
This study investigates the effects of microencapsulated fat (FAT) and whey protein (WHEY) supplementation on the milk composition, backfat loss, and reproductive performance in lactating sows. A total of 144 sows were divided according to their backfat thickness at farrowing into three groups, i.e., low (12.0-16.5 mm, n = 33), moderate (17.0-21.5 mm, n = 78), ...
Podszun Maren C MC Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, D-70599 Stuttgart, - - 2014
The increased uptake and storage of lipids in the liver are important features of steatotic liver diseases. The fatty acid translocase/scavenger receptor cluster of differentiation (CD)36 facilitates the hepatic uptake of lipids. We investigated if RRR-α-tocopherol (αT) alone or in combination with atorvastatin (ATV) is capable of preventing hepatic lipid ...
PorzeziƄska-Furtak Joanna J Department of Hypertension and Internal Medicine, Pomeranian Medical University, 71252, Szczecin, - - 2014
We sought associations among metabolic profiles, copeptin levels, emotional control, personality traits, and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity in metabolically obese normal-weight young women (MONW). We assessed body composition, including fat-free mass; body fat (BF) and android and gynoid fat depots; fasting blood glucose, insulin, copeptin, cortisol (baseline and after dexamethasone), adrenocorticotropin ...
Cooper W Rodney - - 2014
Lygus hesperus Knight (Hemiptera: Miridae) is a key agricultural pest in the western United States. In a recent study, proteins from Pantoea ananatis and Serratia marcescens (Enterobacteriales: Enterobacteriaceae) were identified in diet that was stylet probed and fed on by L. hesperus adults. P. ananatis and S. marcescens are ubiquitous ...
Bisson Jean-François JF 1 ETAP-Applied Ethology, Research Centre in Pharmacology , Cancerology & Human Pathologies, Toxicology and Nutrition-Health, Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France - - 2014
Abstract Consumption of diet rich in lignans may decrease the risk of some chronic hormonal conditions such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This study investigated whether a lignan-rich extract from flaxseed hulls, LinumLife EXTRA (LLE), could prevent BPH using the testosterone propionate (TP)-induced BPH rat model. Male Wistar-Unilever rats were ...
Slyper A H AH Department of Pediatrics, Lehigh Valley Health Network, Allentown, - - 2014
Background/objectives:Little information is available as to the cause of increased carotid artery intima media thickening (cIMT) in the pediatric population. Therefore, cIMT was compared in obese adolescents and normal-weight controls, and associations between cIMT and lipid and non-lipid cardiovascular risk factors were assessed.Subjects/methods:Subjects were 61 obese non-diabetic male and female ...
Asemi Z Z Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:The current study was performed to investigate the effects of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating plan on pregnancy outcomes in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).Subjects/Methods:This randomized controlled clinical trial was performed among 52 women diagnosed with GDM. Participants were randomly assigned to consume either the ...
Camacho L E LE Department of Animal Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo - - 2014
The objectives were to evaluate the effects of nutrient restriction during early to midgestation followed by realimentation on maternal performance and organ mass in pregnant beef cows. On d 30 of pregnancy, multiparous, nonlactating cows (initial BW = 620.5 ± 11.3 kg and BCS = 5.1 ± 0.1) were assigned ...
Wattanakrai Kamol K Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital, Paholyothin Road, Bangkok 10220, Thailand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Removal of orbital fat in lower lid blepharoplasty has been widely replaced by fat realignment over the orbital rim. However, incomplete correction or recurrence of fat bulging is still common compared to a simple fat removal procedure due to improper transfer and fixation of fat over the orbital rim. The ...
Salas-Salvadó Jordi - - 2014
Interventions promoting weight loss can reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Whether dietary changes without calorie restriction also protect from diabetes has not been evaluated. To assess the efficacy of Mediterranean diets for the primary prevention of diabetes in the Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea trial, from October 2003 ...
Costea I I Public Health Agency of Canada, Montreal, - - 2014
Increased dietary ratios of ω6/ω3 poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been implicated in pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD), but epidemiologic data are limited. We investigated whether variants of genes that control PUFA metabolism (CYP4F3, FADS1, and FADS2), along with the dietary ratio of ω6/ω3, confers susceptibility to CD. Based on ...
Min Byeng R BR Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL, - - 2014
Eighteen Kiko-cross meat goats (n = 6) were used to collect gastrointestinal (GI) bacteria and methanogenic archaea for diversity measures when fed condensed tannin-containing pine bark (PB). Three dietary treatments were tested: control diet (0% PB and 30% wheat straw (WS); 0.17% condensed tannins (CT) dry matter (DM)); 15% PB ...
Chiaradia André A Department of Research, Phillip Island Nature Parks, Cowes, Victoria, - - 2014
Reconstructing the diet of top marine predators is of great significance in several key areas of applied ecology, requiring accurate estimation of their true diet. However, from conventional stomach content analysis to recent stable isotope and DNA analyses, no one method is bias or error free. Here, we evaluated the ...
Alshbool Fatima Z FZ Musculoskeletal Disease Center, Jerry L Pettis VA Medical Center, Loma Linda, 92357, California ; Department of Pharmacology, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, 92354, - - 2014
We have recently demonstrated that mice with disruption of claudin-18 (Cldn-18) gene exhibited osteopenia due to increased bone resorption (BR). In this study, we found that gastric pH was significantly higher in Cldn-18 knockout (KO) mice compared to heterozygous control mice at 10 weeks of age. To test the possibility ...
Moreira N N REQUIMTE/Laboratório de Toxicologia, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade do Porto, Rua Jorge Viterbo Ferreira, 228, 4050-313 Porto, Portugal; CBQF/Centro de Biotecnologia e Química Fina, Laboratório Associado, Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Rua Dr. António Bernardino Almeida, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine differences among volatile compounds composition of Senegalese sole muscle fed with extruded diets containing different plant protein (PP) and vegetable oil (VO) sources. Two set of experiments were performed on growing sole. One growth trial used a control diet containing fish meal ...
Stokes Caroline S - - 2013
The prevalence of gallstones is increasing in association with the obesity epidemic, but rapid weight loss also increases the risk of stone formation. We conducted a systematic review of the efficacy of strategies to prevent gallbladder stones in adults as they lose weight. Randomized controlled trials of non-surgical strategies to ...
Kosmiski Lisa - - 2013
Background:Chronic starvation is accompanied by a reduction in resting energy expenditure (REE). It is unclear if this is due mainly to a reduction in body mass or also involves a significant reduction in the cellular metabolic rate of the fat-free mass (FFM).Objectives:The main goal was to compare measured REE (REEm) ...
Sala-Vila Aleix - - 2013
The Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea (PREDIMED) trial showed that a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) supplemented with either extra virgin olive oil or 30 g/d of mixed nuts reduced incident cardiovascular events compared with a control (low fat) diet. The mechanisms of cardiovascular protection afforded by MedDiets remain to be uncovered. We ...
Howard S T - - 2013
The effect of ractopamine hydrochloride (RH) and zilpaterol hydrochloride (ZH) on slice shear force (SSF) and sensory characteristics of beef from calf-fed Holstein steers was evaluated. All steers were implanted with a progesterone (100 mg) plus estradiol benzoate (10 mg) implant followed by a terminal trenbolone acetate (200 mg) plus ...
Wu Liya L Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism at Medical Department 2, University of Munich Medical Center, Munich, - - 2013
Walnut consumption is associated with reduced risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). We assessed the effect of walnuts on lipid and glucose metabolism, adipokines, inflammation and endothelial function in healthy Caucasian men and postmenopausal women ≥50years old. Forty subjects (mean±SEM: age 60±1years, BMI 24.9±0.6kg/m(2); 30 females) were included in a ...
Su Kai - - 2013
Recent studies support a role for cholesterol in the development of obesity and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Mice lacking the ABCG5 ABCG8 (G5G8) sterol transporter have reduced biliary cholesterol secretion and are more susceptible to steatosis, hepatic insulin resistance, and loss of glycemic control when challenged with a high-fat diet. ...
Yunus A W - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of low doses of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) on responses to common vaccines and levels of serum cations in broilers. Male broilers at 7 d of age were fed control (no AFB1), a 75 µg of AFB1/kg (75 ppb of AFB1) ...
Wanjihia Violet Wanjiku VW Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Health Biosciences, University of Tokushima Graduate School, 3-18-15 Kuramoto-cho, Tokushima 770-8503, - - 2013
Adverse early nutrition leads to metabolic aberrations in adulthood. Molecular and cellular mechanisms responsible are emerging; specific nutritional causes remain unclarified. We investigated gestational dietary intake and its influences on metabolism in offspring. Three groups of pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either AIN93G standard diet as control, isocaloric high fat ...
Clauser Luigi C LC Unit of Cranio Maxillo Facial Surgery, Center for Craniofacial Deformities and Orbital Surgery, Ferrara, - - 2014
The use of adipose tissue transfer for correction of maxillofacial defects was reported for the first time at the end of the 19th century. Structural fat grafting (SFG) was introduced as a way to improve facial esthetics and in recent years has evolved into applications in craniomaxillofacial reconstructive surgery. Several ...
Rubino Corrado - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects on adipocyte morphology of 2 techniques of fat harvesting and of fat purification in lipofilling, considering that the number of viable healthy adipocytes is important in fat survival in recipient areas of lipofilling. Fat harvesting was performed in 10 female ...
Yu Liping - - 2013
Fat intake alters mitochondrial lipid composition which can affect function. We used novel methodology to assess bioenergetics, including simultaneous ATP and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, in liver and heart mitochondria of C57BL/6 mice fed diets of variant fatty acid content and saturation. Our methodology allowed us to clamp ADP ...
Hankonen Nelli - - 2013
Trait self-control and social cognitions both predict dietary behaviors, but whether self-control is associated with more beneficial diet-related cognitions, and the effect of self-control on diet mediated by them, has rarely been examined. We hypothesized that the effect of self-control on healthy diet is explained by more proximal diet-related social ...
Noakes Timothy David - - 2013
One goal of the US$700 million Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial was to determine whether post-menopausal women who adopted what was regarded as a 'heart healthy' low-fat diet, high in vegetables, fruits and grains, reduced their risk of developing cardiovascular disease. The trial substantially favoured the outcome ...
Mason Federico - - 2013
The effect of dietary inclusion of whole ear corn silage on stomach development and on the incidence of gastric lesions was studied in heavy pigs. Three groups of 14 castrated male pigs were fed a control cereal-based diet and two diets containing whole ear corn silage (15% or 30% DM) ...
Hikmat Fadi F - - 2013
In the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) trial, the DASH diet reduced blood pressure (BP) in a diverse sample of US adults. Subsequent analyses of this trial documented the efficacy of the DASH diet in several subgroups. Although subgroup analyses in individuals with metabolic syndrome (MS) have not been ...
Stenman Lotta K - - 2013
Increased luminal bile acid hydrophobicity is associated with cytotoxicity and has been suggested to contribute to gut barrier dysfunction. The aim of this study was to compare 2 high-fat diets and a low-fat diet as to whether they modify fecal bile acid profile and hydrophobicity and/or susceptibility to dextran sodium ...
Benoit Bérengère - - 2013
Animal studies using a high-fat diet (HFD) have studied the effects of lipid overconsumption by comparing a defined HFD either with a natural-ingredient chow diet or with a defined low-fat diet (LFD), despite the dramatic differences between these control diets. We hypothesized that these differences in the control diet could ...
Peinado M J - - 2013
In vitro and in vivo experiments were designed to evaluate the effectiveness of laboratory-made di-d-fructose dianhydride (DFA)-enriched caramels. The DFA-enriched caramels were obtained from d-fructose (FC), d-fructose and sucrose (FSC), or d-fructose and β-cyclodextrin (FCDC). In the in vitro experiment, raftilose and all caramels increased (P<0.05) l-lactate concentration and decreased ...
Ozkaya Ozay - - 2013
Abstract Autologous fat grafts have been used successfully for structural fat grafting in facial, lip, and hand rejuvenation, body contour improvement, and traumatic defect restoration. The purposes of this study were to define a new fat graft harvesting and processing technique, which is named the "Lopasce technique" (low-pressure aspiration and ...
Kavanagh Kylie K Department of Pathology Section on Comparative Medicine and Lipid Sciences, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27127, USA. - - 2013
Controversy exists regarding the causative role of dietary fructose in obesity and fatty liver diseases. Clinical trials have indicated that negative health consequences may occur only when fructose is consumed within excess calories. Animal studies have suggested that fructose impairs intestinal integrity and leads to hepatic steatosis (HS). We assessed ...
Konings Ellen - - 2013
High-fibre diets offer several beneficial health effects. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether replacement of 30 % of the available carbohydrates with polydextrose (PDX) or soluble maize fibre (SCF) at breakfast and lunch would result in an increased fat oxidation rate and satiety, which may be of ...
Kodkany Bhalchandra S BS Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KLE University, Belgaum, Karnataka, - - 2013
Millet is unusually drought resistant and consequently there is a progressive increase in the use of these grains as a human food staple, especially in large areas of India and sub-Saharan Africa. The purpose of this study was to determine the absorption of iron and zinc from pearl millet biofortified ...
Wiesmann Maximilian - - 2013
There is accumulating evidence showing that lifestyle factors like diet may influence the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Our previous studies suggest that a multi-nutrient diet, Fortasyn, containing nutritional precursors and cofactors for membrane synthesis, viz. docosahexaenoic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, uridine-mono-phosphate, choline, phospholipids, folic acid, vitamins B6, B12, ...
Carter P - - 2013
Overweight or obese individuals with type 2 diabetes are encouraged to lose weight for optimal glucose management, yet many find this difficult. Determining whether alterations in dietary patterns irrespective of weight loss can aid glucose control has not been fully investigated. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis aiming to ...
Rattner Barnett A - - 2013
Concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in Forster's tern (Sterna forsteri) eggs from San Francisco Bay have been reported to range up to 63μgg(-1) lipid weight. This value exceeds the lowest-observed-adverse-effect level (1.8μgg(-1) egg wet weight; ∼32μgg(-1) lipid weight) reported in an embryotoxicity study with American kestrels (Falco sparverius). As ...
Rose Devin J - - 2013
Frybreads were prepared using wheat flour and wheat-sorghum composite flours (refined and whole grain; white, tannin-free and red, tannin-containing) at 0, 25, 50, and 75% sorghum flour. Hardness, volume, specific volume, color, and oil uptake were determined. Frybreads made with refined white, tannin-free sorghum were also evaluated in a sensory ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >