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Cheng Hong Sheng HS School of Science, Monash University Malaysia, 46150 Bandar Sunway, Selangor, Malaysia, - - 2014
Beneficial effects of glycyrrhizic acid (GA), a bioactive extract of licorice root, in the prevention of metabolic syndrome have been consistently reported while advanced glycation end products (AGE) and receptor for advanced glycation end product (RAGE) are the leading factors in the development of diabetes mellitus. The aim of this ...
Xu Lin L State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, - - 2014
We investigated human exposure to methyl siloxanes in three general industries (building, automobile, and textile industries) and residential areas in China. Usage volumes of methyl siloxanes per capita in these industries were 2-5 orders of magnitudes higher than those in residential areas. Methyl siloxane concentrations in indoor air and dust ...
Harada Ken K Department of Cardiology, Chubu Rosai Hospital, 10-6 1-Chome Komei, Minato-ku, Nagoya 455-8530, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Objective: Ectopic fat accumulation is associated with coronary artery disease. Visceral adipose tissue has paracrine and systemic effects and is a source of adipocytokines. It has been implicated in the pathogenesis of coronary atherosclerosis; however, nothing is known about whether increases in epicardial fat have the same effect on coronary ...
Castro Ana V B AV Diabetes and Obesity Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
To determine whether a selective increase of visceral adipose tissue content will result in insulin resistance. Sympathetic denervation of the omental fat was performed under general inhalant anesthesia by injecting 6-hydroxydopamine in the omental fat of lean mongrel dogs (n = 11). In the conscious animal, whole-body insulin sensitivity was assessed by ...
Lin Zhijian Z 1 Department of Clinical Chinese Pharmacy, School of Chinese Pharmacy, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine , Beijing, China - - 2014
Abstract Inulin, a group of dietary fibers, is reported to improve the metabolic disorders. In the present study, we investigated the effects of chicory inulin on serum metabolites of uric acid (UA), lipids, glucose, and abdominal fat deposition in quail model induced by a purine-rich diet. In this study, 60 ...
Wakabayashi Keiichi K Division of Nephrology, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, Bunkyo-ku, - - 2014
♦ Background: Preventing peritoneal damage during peritoneal dialysis is critical. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have an important role in peritoneal damage; however, few studies have investigated this. We aimed to determine the effects of oral astaxanthin (AST) supplementation in a peritoneal fibrosis (PF) rat model. ♦ Methods: Thirty-seven Sprague-Dawley rats ...
Costa-Ferreira António A * Department of Plastic Surgery, São João Hospital, Porto Medical School, Porto, Portugal ** Department of Pathology, São João Hospital, Porto Medical School, Porto, Portugal *** Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of - - 2014
Abdominoplasty using a more superficial plane of dissection has several advantages. Previous studies described a trilaminar structure (superficial and deep fat compartments separated by Scarpa fascia) in the lower abdominal wall. Controversy still exists on compartment dominance and changes with increasing adiposity. This study aims to gain a clearer understanding ...
Efe Duran D Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Mevlana University, Konya, - - 2014
The present study investigated effect of subcutaneous fat volume and abdominal visceral fat volume on aortic atherosclerosis via multislice computed tomography. The present study comprised 424 subjects who underwent non-contrast-enhanced abdominal CT in our clinic between June 2012 and June 2013. Using dedicated software visceral fat volume was calculated for ...
Bosch Tyler A TA 1Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 55455 2Green Bay Packers Professional Football Team, Green Bay, Wisconsin, 54304 3GE Healthcare, Madison, Wisconsin, 53718 4School of Kinesiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine visceral fat mass as well as other measures abdominal body composition in NFL players prior to the start of the season. Three hundred and seventy NFL football players were measured prior to the start of the season using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. ...
Heitman Erin - - 2014
Objectives The aim of this review was to provide an overview of studies conducted to determine the effects of chlorogenic acid (CGA) on cognition and neurological health. Methods A literature search was conducted using PubMed and various search terms including chlorogenic acid, CGA, CA, memory, neuroscience, cognition, nutrition, antioxidant, pharmacokinetics, ...
Chung Mei M From the Center for Clinical Evidence Synthesis, Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA (MC, KP, SB, and JL); the Nutrition/Infection Unit, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Tufts University, Boston, MA (MC); the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA (JM and AHL); and the Center for Evidence-based Medicine, School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, RI - - 2014
Concerns have been raised about the concurrent temporal trend between simple sugar intakes, especially of fructose or high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS), and rates of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the United States. We examined the effect of different amounts and forms of dietary fructose on the incidence or prevalence ...
Strong Alanna A Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Genome-wide association studies have been used as an unbiased tool to identify novel genes that contribute to variations in LDL cholesterol levels in the hopes of uncovering new biology and new therapeutic targets for the treatment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The locus identified by genome-wide association studies with the strongest ...
Fodor J George JG Division of Prevention and Rehabilitation, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
During the 1970s, 2 Danish investigators, Bang and Dyerberg, on being informed that the Greenland Eskimos had a low prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) set out to study the diet of this population. Bang and Dyerberg described the "Eskimo diet" as consisting of large amounts of seal and whale ...
Varbo Anette A aDepartment of Clinical Biochemistry bThe Copenhagen General Population Study, Herlev Hospital, Copenhagen University Hospital cFaculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, - - 2014
To review recent advances in the field of remnant cholesterol as a contributor to the development of ischemic heart disease (IHD). Epidemiologic, mechanistic, and genetic studies all support a role for elevated remnant cholesterol (=cholesterol in triglyceride-rich lipoproteins) as a contributor to the development of atherosclerosis and IHD. Observational studies ...
Whelan Megan E ME a The University of Queensland, Masters of Dietetics Studies, School of Human Movement , St - - 2014
Abstract Aim: The purpose of this review was to assess existing evidence on the effects of chronic dietary macronutrient composition on substrate oxidation during a fasted state in healthy and overweight subjects. Methods: A systematic review of studies was conducted across five databases. Studies were included if they were English ...
Velasco Nicolás N Department of Nutrition, Diabetes and Metabolism, School of Medicine; Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, - - 2014
The purpose of this review is to present the pathophysiological mechanisms and most recent clinical evidence regarding the role of the Mediterranean diet in preventing and treating nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Several components of the Mediterranean diet have proven benefits in controlling the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in NAFLD. However, ...
DiSilvestro David - - 2014
Abstract Abdominal fat formation has become a permanent risk factor for metabolic syndrome and various cancers in one-third of the world's population of obese and even lean patients. Formation of abdominal fat involves additional mechanisms beyond an imbalance in energy intake and expenditure, which explains systemic obesity. In this review, ...
Uebelhack Ralf R Universitätsmedizin Charité, Berlin, - - 2014
Cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica) fiber was shown to promote weight loss in a 3-month clinical investigation. As demonstrated by in vitro studies, cactus fiber binds to dietary fat and its use results in reduced absorption, which in turn leads to reduced energy absorption and ultimately the reduction of body weight. The ...
Zhu Huichen H Department of Statistics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, - - 2014
Poor diet quality and insufficient nutrient intake is of particular concern among older adults. The Older Americans Act of 1965 authorizes home-delivered meal services to homebound individuals aged 60 years and older. The purpose of this study was to review scientific evidence on the impact of home-delivered meal services on ...
Kopec Rachel E RE Departments of Food Science and Technology and Human Nutrition - - 2014
Dietary lipids have been shown to increase bioavailability of provitamin A carotenoids from a single meal, but the effects of dietary lipids on conversion to vitamin A during absorption are essentially unknown. Based on previous animal studies, we hypothesized that the consumption of provitamin A carotenoids with dietary lipid would ...
Lyons Jasmine G - - 2014
Low plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels are a strong, independent, but poorly understood risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Although this atherogenic lipid abnormality has been widely reported in Australia's Indigenous peoples, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders, the evidence has not come under systematic review. This review therefore examines ...
Gylling Helena H Division of Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
The serum noncholesterol sterols are widely used today in clinical lipid research as surrogate markers of cholesterol absorption and synthesis. Their applicability and some aspects related to their analysis, use, and interpretations are discussed. The serum markers of cholesterol metabolism have been carefully validated in several populations and during different ...
Jung Se Hee SH Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
To assess whether the order of test diets influences the results of swallowing studies with regard to their accuracy and safety. Subjects with suspected dysphagia underwent a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) and/or a fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) and repeated the study on the same day or within a ...
Potì Francesco F Department of Biomedical, Metabolic and Neural Sciences - Endocrinology Section, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, - - 2014
Numerous epidemiological studies documented an inverse relationship between plasma high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels and the extent of atherosclerotic disease. However, clinical interventions targeting HDL cholesterol failed to show clinical benefits with respect to cardiovascular risk reduction suggesting that HDL components distinct from cholesterol may account for anti-atherogenic effects ...
Gates A A School of Public Health & Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, - - 2014
Most national surveys examining diet leave large segments of the Aboriginal population under-represented. The present study aimed to: (i) review primary research studies that investigated the dietary intakes of Canadian school-aged Aboriginal youths; (ii) summarise the tools and methodologies currently used to measure diet in this population; and (iii) identify ...
Castellanos-Jankiewicz Ashley A Laboratorio de Nutrigenética y Nutrigenómica, Instituto Nacional de Medicina Genómica, Periférico Sur No. 4809, Col. Arenal Tepepan, México, DF, 14610, Mexico, - - 2014
Hypercholesterolemia is a major contributor for disease burden in both the developed and developing world and an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Phytosterols (PhS) and dietary fiber (DF) act as low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering agents, offering an effective treatment against high blood cholesterol and CVD. The ...
Morris Martha Clare MC Section of Nutrition and Nutritional Epidemiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This is a qualitative review of the evidence linking dietary fat composition to the risk of developing dementia. The review considers laboratory and animal studies that identify underlying mechanisms as well as prospective epidemiologic studies linking biochemical or dietary fatty acids to cognitive decline or incident dementia. Several lines of ...
Barnard Neal D ND Department of Medicine, The George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA; Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, Washington, DC, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cognitive disorders of later life are potentially devastating. To estimate the relationship between saturated and trans fat intake and risk of cognitive disorders. PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for studies reporting saturated or trans fat intake and incident dementia, Alzheimer's disease (AD), or ...
Eggert Marie-Luise ML M Eggert, Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, University Medicine Greifswald, Greifswald, - - 2014
Previous intervention studies in patients with growth hormone disorders suggested an impact of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and IGF binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) on lipid metabolism, whereas population-based studies revealed conflicting results. Therefore, we aimed to assess the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between IGF-I or IGFBP-3 serum levels and ...
Dalai Swayamprava S Centre for Nanobiotechnology, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
The extensive environmental exposure of engineered metal oxide nanoparticles (NPs) may result in their bioaccumulation in aquatic organisms leading to their biotransfer in a food chain through various routes in a freshwater ecosystem. The present study focuses on the possible modes of TiO2 NP trophic transfer to Ceriodaphnia dubia, in ...
Astrup Arne A Department of Nutrition, Exercise, and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Dairy products contribute important nutrients to our diet, including energy, calcium, protein, and other micro- and macronutrients. However, dairy products can be high in saturated fats, and dietary guidelines generally recommend reducing the intake of saturated fatty acids (SFAs) to reduce coronary artery disease (CAD). Recent studies question the role ...
Jacques Paul F PF Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging (PFJ and HW) and the Gerald J and Dorothy R Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, MA - - 2014
A large body of observational studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) has examined the role of dairy products in weight loss and maintenance of healthy weight. Yogurt is a dairy product that is generally very similar to milk, but it also has some unique properties that may enhance its possible ...
Mirrakhimov Erkin E Department of Internal Medicine, Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. - - 2014
Objectives: A possible link between obesity and impaired lipid metabolism is leptin, the 167-amino acid protein, secreted by adipocytes. The content of leptin in the body is closely associated with body mass index (BMI). Data obtained from studies on the association of leptin with dyslipidemia are contradictory. The level of ...
Konczalik Wojciech W From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
Management of soft tissue deficits resulting from congenital abnormalities, trauma, systemic disease, and tumors is a particularly challenging field of plastic and reconstructive surgery. Fat grafting, a technique traditionally used in the correction of facial asymmetry, is commonly seen in aesthetic procedures which use the grafted fat for soft tissue ...
Yokoyama Yoko Y Department of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiologic Informatics, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan2Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, Japan3Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, Washington, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Previous studies have suggested an association between vegetarian diets and lower blood pressure (BP), but the relationship is not well established. OBJECTIVE To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials and observational studies that have examined the association between vegetarian diets and BP. DATA SOURCES MEDLINE ...
An Ping P Department of Genetics Division of Statistical Genomics (Campus Box 8506), Washington University School of Medicine, 4444 Forest Park Blvd, St. Louis, MO, 63108, USA, - - 2014
Non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(NHDL) is an independent and superior predictor of CVD risk as compared to low-density lipoprotein alone. It represents a spectrum of atherogenic lipid fractions with possibly a distinct genomic signature. We performed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) to identify loci influencing baseline NHDL and its postprandial lipemic (PPL) response. ...
Hymøller L L Department of Animal Science, AU Foulum, Aarhus University, Blichers Allé 20, P.O. Box 50, DK-8830 Tjele, - - 2014
Starch is an important energy-providing nutrient for dairy cows that is most commonly provided from cereal grains. However, ruminal fermentation of large amounts of easily degradable starch leads to excessive production and accumulation of volatile fatty acids (VFA). VFA not only play a vital role in the energy metabolism of ...
Porrata-Maury C C Finlay Institute, Havana, - - 2014
The macrobiotic, Ma-Pi 2 diet (12% protein, 18% fat and 70% carbohydrate), has shown benefit in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This pooled analysis aims to confirm results from four, 21-day intervention studies with the Ma-Pi 2 diet, carried out in Cuba, China, Ghana and Italy. Baseline and ...
Shah Aa A Department of Physiotherapy, School of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal, - - 2014
Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) has been found to be an important reliable marker for future coronary events. Deposition of the EAT in young individuals is not well known. We studied EAT in 25 young overweight or obese individuals. In spite of the high visceral fat and total body fat, EAT ...
Fuller John C JC Jr Metabolic Technologies Inc., 2711 S. Loop Dr. Suite 4400, Ames, IA 50010 USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Calcium β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate-monohydrate (CaHMB) is a dietary supplement used as an ergogenic aid and in functional and medical foods. A new delivery form has been developed, β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyric free acid (HMBFA), which has improved bioavailability. While the safety of CaHMB is well documented, there are few published studies demonstrating the safety of ...
Buyken Anette E AE From IEL-Nutritional Epidemiology, University of Bonn, DONALD Study at the Research Institute of Child Nutrition, Dortmund, Germany (AEB, JG, GJ, and AF); Sichuan University, Chengdu, PR China (GC); the Institute for Clinical Diabetology, German Diabetes Center, Leibniz Center for Diabetes Research at Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany (CH); and the Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise and Eating Disorders and Department of Molecular Bioscience, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia - - 2014
Chronic low-grade inflammation is a likely intermediary between quality of carbohydrate and chronic disease risk. We conducted a systematic literature search to evaluate the relevance of carbohydrate quality on inflammatory markers in observational and intervention studies. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched for studies on associations between glycemic ...
Guardamagna Ornella O Dipartimento di Scienze della Sanità pubblica e Pediatriche, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Preclinical investigations support the use of probiotics in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia, but clinical evidence is often contrasting. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a probiotic formulation containing three Bifidobacterium strains on lipid profiles in children affected by primary dyslipidemia. Thirty-eight children with dyslipidemia, ages ...
Sahebkar Amirhossein A Biotechnology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, 9177948564, - - 2014
A recent paper published by Um et al. in Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology provides interesting data supporting the idea that curcumin supplementation counteracts metabolic abnormalities induced by lipogenic diet [1]. Along with the reduction of hepatic fat accumulation, a particularly interesting finding of the mentioned study was the beneficial ...
Koutsos Athanasios A Hugh Sinclair Unit of Human Nutrition, Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research (ICMR), Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AP, - - 2014
Apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype is believed to play an important role in cardiovascular risk. APOE4 carriers have been associated with higher blood lipid levels and a more pro-inflammatory state compared with APOE3/E3 individuals. Although dietary fat composition has been considered to modulate the inflammatory state in humans, very little is ...
Pounis G G Laboratory of Molecular and Nutritional Epidemiology, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, IRCCS Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo Neuromed, Via Dell'Elettronica, 86077 Pozzilli, IS, - - 2014
Differences in blood fatty acids (FAs) profile among populations with different lifestyle have partly been attributed to differences in food intake. A holistic approach in dietary guidance through dietary patterns is essential. This study aimed at evaluating the main plasma and red blood cell (RBC) FAs in three European populations ...
Espinoza P P Instituto del Mar del Perú, Esquina Gamarra y Gral. Valle s/n, Apartado 22, Callao, Lima, - - 2014
In this study, historical data available since 1954 were used to get new insight to ontogenetic and spatiotemporal variability in Peruvian anchovy or anchoveta Engraulis ringens diet. Whatever the period, E. ringens foraged mainly on macrozooplankton and the importance of euphausiids in E. ringens diet appears directly related to euphausiids ...
Da Silva Marine S MS Endocrinology and Nephrology, CHU de Québec Research Center, Quebec, QC, - - 2014
Dairy products have been thought to have a beneficial role in the metabolic syndrome (MetS). MetS constitutes a cluster of risk factors for an increased mortality, including obesity, impaired glucose homeostasis, hypertension and atherogenic dyslipidemia. Individuals with MetS are also often in a chronic, low-grade inflammatory state. The objective of ...
Fontes-Villalba Maelán - - 2014
Research on the role of nutrition in type 2 diabetes has largely focused on macro/micronutrient composition and dietary fiber intake, while fewer studies have tested the effects of differing food choice. Some observational studies and short-term intervention studies suggest that a food pattern mimicking the diet with which humans evolved ...
Sapre Shilpa S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sri Aurobindo Institute of Medical Sciences, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, - - 2014
A literature search was done using PubMed. The age at natural menopause (ANM) depends on various factors like genetic, environmental, socioeconomic, reproductive, dietary, and lifestyle of which some like nulliparity, vegetarian diet, smoking, high fat intake, cholesterol, and caffeine accelerates; while others like parity, prior use of oral contraceptive pills, ...
van Baak Marleen A MA Department of Human Biology, NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, P.O. Box 616, 6200MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Evidence is increasing that the postprandial state is an important factor contributing to the risk of chronic diseases. Not only mean glycemia, but also glycemic variability has been implicated in this effect. In this exploratory study, we measured 24-h glucose profiles in 25 overweight participants in a long-term diet intervention ...
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