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Wandersee Nancy J NJ Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA; Children's Research Institute, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA; Blood Research Institute, Blood Center of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Humans and mice with sickle cell disease (SCD) have rigid red blood cells (RBCs). Omega-3 fatty acids, such as docosahexanoic acid (DHA), may influence RBC deformability via incorporation into the RBC membrane. In this study, sickle cell (SS) mice were fed natural ingredient rodent diets supplemented with 3% DHA (DHA ...
Wang Y Y Cardiovascular Department, First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, P. R., - - 2014
Accumulating evidence has suggested that high salt and potassium might be associated with vascular function. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of salt intake and potassium supplementation on brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (PWV) in Chinese subjects. Forty-nine subjects (28-65 years of age) were selected from a ...
Wang Y Y Cardiovascular Department, First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, P. R., - - 2015
Accumulating evidence has suggested that high salt and potassium might be associated with vascular function. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of salt intake and potassium supplementation on brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (PWV) in Chinese subjects. Forty-nine subjects (28-65 years of age) were selected from a ...
Holmes Millicent M School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood, - - 2014
This study evaluates the influences of chronicity of, and time lag between, dietary restriction and binge outcome for predicting binge episode onset. Sixty-two women aged 18 to 40 years old completed an online survey at random intervals seven times daily for a 7-day period. Participants self-reported engagement in dietary restriction and/or ...
Casazza Krista K a Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham , Birmingham , AL , - - 2014
Abstract Obesity is a topic on which many views are strongly held in the absence of scientific evidence to support those views, and some views are strongly held despite evidence to contradict those views. We refer to the former as "presumptions" and the latter as "myths". Here we present nine ...
Linden D R DR Department of Animal Sciences and - - 2014
Angus-cross cows (n = 13; 8 pregnant, BW 610 ± 24 kg, and 5 non-pregnant, BW 571 ± 23 kg) and heifers (n = 13; 8 pregnant, BW 511 ± 40 kg, and 5 non-pregnant, BW 451 ± 60 kg) were individually fed chopped warm-season grass hay (5.5% CP, 67% ...
Charlton G L GL Pacific Agri-Food Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Agassiz, British Columbia, Canada, V0M 1A0. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lying time is an important measure of cow comfort, and the lying behavior of dairy cattle can now be recorded automatically with the use of accelerometers. To assess the effect that stall stocking density and the time that cows spend away from the home pen being milked has on the ...
Gruchot Martin - - 2014
Current guidelines recommend measuring plasma lipids in fasting patients. Recent studies, however, suggest that variation in plasma lipid concentrations secondary to fasting time may be minimal. Objective of the present study was to investigate the impact of fasting time on plasma lipid concentrations (total cholesterol, HDL and LDL cholesterol, triglycerides). ...
Skafida Valeria V Centre for Population Health Sciences & Centre for Research on Families and Relationships, University of Edinburgh, , Edinburgh, - - 2014
While an association has been established between low income and poor diet using cross-sectional data, such analysis cannot account for confounding by unobserved characteristics correlated with income and diet, and changes in income and diet cannot be tracked over time. This paper, using longitudinal panel data, explores whether falls in ...
Paolini Guido G Plastic Surgery Unit, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Sant'Andrea Hospital, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Via di Grottarossa 1035/1039, 00189, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
The Coleman technique is universally recognized as the gold standard for fat transfer, but although effective, it is tedious, time consuming, and costly. This report proposes a new and more efficient method of fat grafting (simplified lipostructure). This report introduces a modification of the standard Coleman transfer and injection technique, ...
Vaughan Roger A RA Department of Health, Exercise and Sports Science, University of New Mexico, USA ; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, USA ; Department of IFCE: Nutrition, University of New Mexico, - - 2014
Commercially available dietary products advertised to promote weight loss are an underresearched but heavily purchased commodity in the United States. Despite only limited evidence, interest in dietary supplements continues to increase. This work uniquely summarizes the current evidence evaluating the efficacy of several over-the-counter thermogenic products for their effects on ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0067993.].
Lutaif N A NA Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Departamento de Clínica Médica, CampinasSP, - - 2014
Maintenance of thermal homeostasis in rats fed a high-fat diet (HFD) is associated with changes in their thermal balance. The thermodynamic relationship between heat dissipation and energy storage is altered by the ingestion of high-energy diet content. Observation of thermal registers of core temperature behavior, in humans and rodents, permits ...
Macleod Liam Connor LC University of Washington, Urology, 1959 NE Pacific St, seattle, Washington, United States, 98195, 2065355886 ; - - 2013
Introduction: Obesity is often categorized by body mass index (BMI), but abdominal wall and visceral fat quantity vary with equivalent BMI. This study compares multiple fat measurements as predictors of operative complexity during robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN). Since perinephric fat around the kidney impacts the operative field, it is expected ...
Campler M M Animal Welfare Program, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, 2357 Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4, Canada; Department of Animal Science, Aarhus University, PO Box 50, 8830 Tjele, - - 2013
The present study investigated the flooring preference during the 30 h before parturition in Holstein dairy cows housed individually in a maternity pen. Seventeen multiparous cows were moved, on average, 2 d before expected calving date into an individual maternity pen with 3 different flooring surfaces: 10 cm of sand, ...
Nasuti Gabriella - - 2013
The objective of this study was to examine the dietary intake profiles of first-time parents, second-time parents, and couples without children; once during pregnancy, then at 6- and 12-months postpartum. This was an observational, longitudinal, cohort study. Participants were a community-based sample of 153 couples aged 25 to 40 years. ...
Gordon M E - - 2013
The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that feed additives such as chelated minerals, organic Se, yeast culture, direct-fed microbials, and Yucca schidigera extract would improve nutrient digestibility when included in an equine diet. Horses (Quarter Horse geldings 4.5 to 16 yr of age; mean BW 522 ...
Lindström Cecilia C Division of Biotechnology, Department of Chemistry, Lund University, Lund, Sweden. - - 2013
Growing evidence indicates that the gut microbiota could have an important role in the development of diet- and lifestyle-induced diseases. It has been shown that modulation of the gut microbiota by means of probiotics and prebiotics could improve host health. An oat-based product fermented by the exopolysaccharide (EPS)-producing organism Pediococcus ...
Gordon M E - - 2013
The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that feed additives such as chelated minerals, organic Se, yeast culture, direct-fed microbials, and Yucca schidigera extract would improve nutrient digestibility when included in an equine diet. Horses (Quarter Horse geldings 4.5 to 16 yr of age; mean BW 522 ...
Morales R - - 2013
The objectives of the present study were (1) to compare the relative importance of price, processing time, texture and intramuscular fat in purchase intention of dry-cured ham through conjoint analysis, (2) to evaluate the effect of dry-cured ham appearance on consumer expectations, and (3) to describe the consumer sensory preferences ...
Chen Yong Y State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, - - 2013
To investigate the effect of restricted grazing time on behavior of Tan sheep on desert steppe, forty 4-months old male Tan sheep with an original body weight (BW) of 15.62±0.33 kg were randomly allocated to 4 grazing groups which corresponded to 4 different restricted grazing time treatments of 2 h/d ...
Kaji Noriyuki - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate blood coagulation times in genetically obese rats and diet-induced obese (DIO) mice in order to clarify the relationship between visceral obesity and blood coagulation. WBN/Kob-Lepr(fa) (fa/fa) rats, a genetically obese model, exhibited a significantly shorter activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) and prothrombin ...
McGregor R A - - 2013
Objective:The aim of this study was to establish the time-course of molecular events in intrascapular brown adipose tissue (iBAT) during the development of diet-induced obesity using microarrays and molecular network analysis.Design:C57BL/6J male inbred mice were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) or normal diet (ND) and killed at multiple time-points over ...
Eudy Anne E - - 2013
Published evidence on common ingredients of "energy drinks" and other dietary supplements widely used by consumers in hopes of enhancing athletic performance is reviewed. Preworkout products- unregulated dietary supplements- typically contain "proprietary blends" of multiple ingredients, including caffeine, dimethylamylamine, creatine, arginine, β-alanine, taurine, and phosphates. While some dietary supplement labels ...
Ménard Nelly - - 2013
Barbary macaques, like other non-human primates living in highly seasonal temperate environments, display high monthly variations in their diet. In addition, their diet changes according to the habitat type they colonize and to the degree of habitat degradation due to resource exploitation by local people, in particular through pastoralism. We ...
Panahi Shirin - - 2013
The objective was to compare the effects of ad libitum consumption of commonly consumed meal-time beverages on energy and fluid intakes and post-meal average subjective appetite and blood glucose in healthy adults. In a randomized controlled design, 29 males and females consumed to satiation an ad libitum pizza meal with ...
Carvalho Alexandra - - 2013
We present relaxivities measurements for both the longitudinal and transverse relaxations of two types of liposomes loaded with ultra small superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles. The magnetoliposome systems presented are soybean phosphatidylcholine liposomes, with and without cholesterol, in the phospholipid bilayer with different molar ratios lipid:cholesterol. In fact, cholesterol is needed ...
Raz Olga - - 2013
Little is known about the time-course of the postprandial appearance of macronutrient-induced inflammatory response. Our aim was to investigate the postprandial inflammatory and metabolic response following high fat, high caloric popular meals in apparently healthy participants. Fifty four apparently healthy normal weight volunteers (BMI of 25.9±0.9) were given two iso-caloric ...
Clarke Siobhan F - - 2013
Links between the gut microbiota and host metabolism have provided new perspectives on obesity. We previously showed that the link between the microbiota and fat deposition is age- and time-dependent subject to microbial adaptation to diet over time. We also demonstrated reduced weight gain in diet-induced obese (DIO) mice through ...
Govindarajan Parameswari P Laboratory of Experimental Trauma Surgery, Justus-Liebig University, Department of Trauma Surgery, University Hospital of Giessen-Marburg, Giessen, - - 2013
Osteoporosis is a multi-factorial, chronic, skeletal disease highly prevalent in post-menopausal women and is influenced by hormonal and dietary factors. Because animal models are imperative for disease diagnostics, the present study establishes and evaluates enhanced osteoporosis obtained through combined ovariectomy and deficient diet by DEXA (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) for a ...
Salque Mélanie - - 2012
The introduction of dairying was a critical step in early agriculture, with milk products being rapidly adopted as a major component of the diets of prehistoric farmers and pottery-using late hunter-gatherers. The processing of milk, particularly the production of cheese, would have been a critical development because it not only ...
Sheahan A J - - 2013
Offering feed supplements to grazing dairy cows results in substitution of pasture; however, previous data indicate that the time at which concentrate supplements are offered might affect the level of substitution. These data indicated that cows grazed more intensely presunset, regardless of the amount of supplement offered. It was, therefore, ...
Wilson Patrick B - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The effects of dietary factors such as carbohydrate on endurance running performance have been extensively studied under laboratory-based and simulated field conditions. Evidence from 'real-life' events, however, is poorly characterized. The purpose of this observational study was to examine the associations between pre-race and in-race nutrition tendencies and performance ...
Dijkstra Christian - - 2012
The objective of this study was to investigate dairy cows' time spent in the possibly stressful waiting area (WA) of the milking parlor (MP) and their behavioral patterns while there and thereby investigate comparative effects on their welfare. The experiments were carried out in 3 loose-housing cowsheds. The study consisted ...
Liu Xinyi - - 2012
There is a growing body of archaeobotanical evidence for the harvesting of millet in Eurasia prior to 5,000 cal. BC. Yet direct evidence for the extent of millet consumption in this time period is rare. This contradiction may be due to millet crops making only a minor contribution to the ...
Geliebter Allan - - 2012
Body Adiposity Index (BAI), a new surrogate measure of body fat (hip circumference/[height(1.5) -18]), has been proposed as an alternative to BMI.We compared BAI with BMI, and each of them with laboratory measures of body fat-derived from bioimpedance analysis (BIA), air displacement (ADP), and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in clinically ...
Pratap Ram - - 2012
The hybrid congeners 62-90 of 6- and 7-hydroxy-flavones with amino-propanol have been synthesized and evaluated for their antidiabetic activity in sucrose-challenged low dosed streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rat and db/db mice. The optical enantiomers 70a, 70b, 90a & 90b of two congeners 70 and 90 exhibiting consistent antidiabetic and antidyslipidemic activities ...
Rodríguez-García Julia - - 2012
  The effects of several fat replacement levels (0%, 35%, 50%, 70%, and 100%) by inulin in sponge cake microstructure and physicochemical properties were studied. Oil substitution for inulin decreased significantly (P < 0.05) batter viscosity, giving heterogeneous bubbles size distributions as it was observed by light microscopy. Using confocal ...
Heidarieh Marzieh - - 2012
Present study examined the effects of Ergosan on growth performance, digestive enzyme activities, hematological parameters and gastrointestinal structure of rainbow trout. Rainbow trout (mean weight 100-110 g) were fed basal diet (control) and diet treated with Aquavac Ergosan (5 g kg(-1) of diet) for 50 days. Results of this study showed that Ergosan supplementation ...
Soares Fabiana Andreia Schafer De Martini - - 2012
Trans-free interesterified fat was produced for possible usage as a margarine. Palm stearin, coconut oil and canola oil were used as substrates for chemical interesterification. The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the physicochemical properties of blends of palm stearin, coconut oil and canola oil submitted to ...
López Angel A - - 2012
Body fat content and fat distribution or adiposity are indicators of health risk. Several techniques have been developed and used for assessing and/or determining body fat or adiposity. Recently, the Body Adiposity Index (BAI), which is based on the measurements of hip circumference and height, has been suggested as a ...
Bodiga Vijaya Lakshmi - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Chemotherapeutic agents induce small intestinal mucositis that is characterized structurally by crypt loss and villus atrophy and functionally by absorptive and barrier impairments. We studied the effect of selected individual vitamins and multiple-vitamin mixture supplementation in modulating cisplatin-induced intestinal damage and apoptosis. METHODS: Thirty-six male Wistar/NIN rats 20 wk ...
Zerenturk Eser J - - 2011
The oxysterol 24(S),25-epoxycholesterol (24,25EC) can affect cholesterol metabolism at multiple points. Previously, we proposed that 24,25EC has an especially significant role in fine-tuning cholesterol synthesis, since it parallels cholesterol production, and without it, acute cholesterol synthesis is exaggerated. 24,25EC is structurally similar to desmosterol, a substrate for the enzyme 3β-hydroxysterol ...
Alippi Rosa M - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: This study compares the effects of feeding growing rats with increasing concentrations of casein (C) and wheat gluten (G), proteins that show different biological qualities, on the morphometrical and biomechanical properties of the femoral diaphysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female rats were fed with one of ten diets containing different ...
Haufe Sven - - 2011
In animals, carbohydrate and fat composition during dietary interventions influenced cardiac metabolism, structure, and function. Because reduced-carbohydrate and reduced-fat hypocaloric diets are commonly used in the treatment of obesity, we investigated whether these interventions differentially affect left ventricular mass, cardiac function, and blood pressure. We randomized 170 overweight and obese ...
Damen Bram - - 2011
Scope: Cereal arabinoxylan (AX) is one of the main dietary fibers in a balanced human diet. To gain insight into the importance of structural features of AX for their prebiotic potential and intestinal fermentation properties, a rat trial was performed. Methods and results: A water unextractable AX-rich preparation (WU-AX, 40% ...
Lemas Dominick J DJ Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775, - - 2012
Variants of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A), a key hepatic lipid oxidation enzyme, may influence how fatty acid oxidation contributes to obesity and metabolic outcomes. CPT1A is regulated by diet, suggesting interactions between gene variants and diet may influence outcomes. The objective of this study was to test the association of ...
Tymensen Lisa - - 2011
Protozoa are common inhabitants of the rumen where they play roles in host nutrition and methanogenesis. Knowledge of how changes in the composition of protozoa communities affect these processes is limited in part due to a lack of efficient methods for protozoa community analysis. In this study, a terminal-restriction fragment ...
Zhao Guijun G Institute of Medical Genetics, Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, - - 2011
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are found naturally in dairy products. Two isomers of CLA, that differ only in the location of cis and trans double bonds, are found to have distinct and different biological effects. The cis 9 trans 11 (C9T11) isomer is believed to have anti-carcinogenic effects, while the ...
Lim Ryan S RS Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of California, Irvine, CA, - - 2011
The accumulation of lipids, including cholesterol, in the arterial wall plays a key role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Although several advances have been made in the detection and imaging of these lipid structures in plaque lesions, their morphology and composition have yet to be fully elucidated, particularly in different ...
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