Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1114
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Castillo-Martínez Lilia - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study explored the frequency of cardiac cachexia in Mexican patients, the role of anthropometric variables as predictors of its development and its association with food intake and physical activity. METHODS: Seventy three patients with systolic heart failure were included in the study. Cardiac cachexia was defined as weight ...
Lomer Miranda C E - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dietary microparticles, which are bacteria-sized and non-biological, found in the modern Western diet, have been implicated in both the aetiology and pathogenesis of Crohn's disease. Following on from the findings of a previous pilot study, we aimed to confirm whether a reduction in the amount of dietary ...
Scott Sherrie R - - 2005
Bowel cleansing regimens commonly require adherence to liquid diets for 24 to 48 hours before examination, which often leads to poor compliance, reduced cleansing, and ultimately inadequate examinations. The authors investigated the efficacy and tolerability of diet liberalization before bowel cleansing with sodium phosphates oral solution. Two hundred patients were ...
Brown Ronald R - - 2005
This study aimed to examine the impact of ziprasidone and olanzapine on QTc interval, weight and metabolic parameters in adults with schizophrenia and other psychoses. A retrospective cohort chart review was performed of 191 randomly selected patients who were being treated with ziprasidone or olanzapine in an integrated health care ...
Negredo Eugenia - - 2005
HIV-1-infected patients with osteoporosis were randomly assigned to alendronate 70 mg once-weekly plus dietary counselling (n = 11) or diet counselling alone (n = 14). At week 96, 27% of patients on alendronate versus 96% of controls presented with osteoporosis. Spine bone mineral density (BMD) increases were detected at week ...
Pérez-Guzmán Carlos - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hypocholesterolemia is common among tuberculous patients and is associated with mortality in miliary cases. Some in vitro studies have shown that cholesterol is necessary for the good functioning of macrophages and lymphocytes. STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a cholesterol-rich diet could accelerate sputum sterilization in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. ...
Das Mukul - - 2005
Epidemic dropsy is an acute food adulterant disease caused due to consumption of edible mustard oil contaminated with argemone oil. Our in vitro studies have shown that the toxicity of argemone oil is due to the production of reactive oxygen species. The present study was aimed to evaluate the development ...
de Meer K - - 2005
Four myopathic patients with complex I deficiency followed diets containing 55 energy per cent (En%) as fat or 25 En% as fat, both for three weeks. Maximal workload and muscle force were not different on either diet. Exercise endurance time, oxygen consumption and lactate levels were also not different, but ...
Young Jim - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Body fat changes are common in patients with HIV. For patients on protease inhibitor (PI)-based highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), these changes have been associated with increasing exposure to therapy in general and to stavudine in particular. Our objective is to show whether such associations are more or less ...
Roussos L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Progression of renal failure is associated with altered lipoprotein metabolism. Apolipoprotein E polymorphism is an important genetic marker for dyslipidemia. The main purpose of this retrospective study was to examine the influence of apolipoprotein E polymorphism and serum lipids level on the progression rate in a group of patients ...
Venturini I - - 2005
Benzodiazepine-like compounds (BZDs), either taken with the diet or synthesized by intestinal bacterial flora, may represent a precipitating factor for hepatic encephalopathy (HE) in cirrhotic patients. We evaluated whether a diet and/or treatment with rifaximin or lactulose can reduce serum concentrations of BZDs in 18 cirrhotic patients without HE. Patients ...
Valois Sandra - - 2005
In order to assess the effects of juice feedings during acute diarrhea a double-blind, randomized study was performed in 90 children, mean age of 10 +/- 4.28 months. Thirty patients with acute diarrhea were fed twice-daily 15 ml/kg of Apple Juice (AJ), 30 received White Grape Juice (WGJ), and 30 ...
Shcherbakov V I - - 2004
The immunoregulatory effect of low-caloric diets on various components of the immune system was demonstrated. Serum content of TNF-alpha increased after the diet. Seasonal fluctuations in this parameter were observed in patients receiving these diets. A relationship between the increase in TNF-alpha level and body weight loss during low-caloric diet ...
Ionescu Alina A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Weight loss indicates a poor prognosis in cystic fibrosis (CF). We hypothesised that fat-free mass (FFM) depletion and increased systemic inflammation would be associated with increased cellular proteolysis during an exacerbation of the respiratory symptoms. Patients were studied prospectively from the beginning of treatment with antibiotics when admitted to ...
Mallet Louise - - 2005
To report a case of probable treatment failure in a patient receiving gatifloxacin and a multivitamin preparation containing minerals. A 77-year-old white woman was prescribed gatifloxacin for hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia. She was also receiving calcium carbonate 500 mg twice daily and a multivitamin preparation containing minerals once a day. Three ...
Nakaji Shigeyuki - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The number of bedridden elderly patients who need a liquid diet has been increasing. We evaluated the usefulness of a tube-fed liquid diet containing cellulose and oligosaccharide for elderly bedridden patients. METHODS: Twenty-two elderly bedridden patients were given a liquid diet containing cellulose and lafinose for 4 wk. Parameters ...
Axelsson Jonas - - 2004
BACKGROUND: An activated inflammatory response is a common feature of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and predicts outcome. Adipose tissue is an endocrine organ that may contribute to an inflammatory burden by secreting adipocytokines such as interleukin 6 (IL-6). OBJECTIVE: The objective was to relate plasma concentrations of IL-6 in ESRD ...
Rujner Jolanta - - 2004
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Magnesium deficiency has been reported in coeliac disease (CD) with clinical symptoms. The aim of this study was to evaluate magnesium status in CD without malabsorption symptoms in patients aged 5-18 years. In the study participated 41 coeliac patients on a gluten-free diet (GFD) for a mean ...
Bistrian Bruce Ryan - - 2004
Immune-enhancing diets contain nutrients that have putative benefits, including arginine, (n-3) fats, glutamine, nucleotides, and structured lipids. Although under most circumstances the systemic inflammatory response is beneficial to the host, improving the eventual outcome of injury, infection, or inflammation, excessive proinflammation (leading to cardiac, hepatic, and mitochondrial dysfunction) or excessive ...
Atkinson W - - 2004
Patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) often feel they have some form of dietary intolerance and frequently try exclusion diets. Tests attempting to predict food sensitivity in IBS have been disappointing but none has utilised IgG antibodies. To assess the therapeutic potential of dietary elimination based on the presence of ...
Solga Steven - - 2004
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common and potentially serious form of chronic liver disease that occurs in patients who do not abuse alcohol. Present dietary recommendations for all Americans, including those with NAFLD, endorse a low-calorie, low-fat diet. However, little is known about the effect of diet composition ...
Esposito Katherine K Chair and Division of Metabolic Diseases, Second University of Naples, Naples, - - 2004
The metabolic syndrome has been identified as a target for dietary therapies to reduce risk of cardiovascular disease; however, the role of diet in the etiology of the metabolic syndrome is poorly understood. To assess the effect of a Mediterranean-style diet on endothelial function and vascular inflammatory markers in patients ...
Libè R - - 2004
Oral DHEA administration to patients with hypoadrenalism, in addition to glucocorticoid and mineralcorticoid replacement, may improve both well-being and hormonal/metabolic parameters. Twenty patients (13 men, 7 women, 26-76 yr, 11 with Addison's disease, 9 with central hypoadrenalism) were recruited in a placebo-controlled, randomized study. Hormone levels, carbohydrate and lipid parameters, ...
Devroey D - - 2004
The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in fasting lipoproteins levels before and after a dietary advice among the patients attending for a lipid-lowering treatment. In total 286 patients attending for reimbursement of a lipid-lowering drug were recorded at two regional health insurance offices. Lipid levels measured ...
Schulpis Kleopatra H - - 2004
Patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) have a diet-controlled deficiency in the conversion of phenylalanine (Phe) to tyrosine (Tyr), leading to decreased production of noradrenaline, adrenaline, and dopamine. Poor diet control results in high plasma Phe and low plasma Tyr and catecholamine concentrations. Ghrelin, a recently described gastrointestinal hormone that is elevated ...
Taylor Jennifer P - - 2004
CONTEXT: The rotary diversified diet, which involves food elimination and rotation of remaining allowed foods, is commonly used in the management of environmental illness. No studies have considered patient adherence while evaluating the effectiveness of the diet in controlling symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The study examined the severity of patients' perceived symptoms ...
van Boven W J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The new concept of mini-extracorporeal circulation (MECC) for coronary artery bypass grafts (MCABG) consists of minimal priming volume, a heparin-coated closed circuit, a centrifugal pump, active drainage, blood cardioplegia and a cell-saving device. The potential organ protective effect of this technique during CABG is unknown. Initial clinical outcomes, oxidative ...
Johlin Frederick C FC - - 2004
Carbohydrate intolerance to lactose is widely accepted as a cause of gastrointestinal symptoms, but controversy persists on how important dietary fructose intolerance (DFI) is in causing gastrointestinal pain and suffering and if an elimination diet can control the presenting complaints. The objective of this study was to identify a group ...
Deen Darwin - - 2004
The constellation of dyslipidemia (hypertriglyceridemia and low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol), elevated blood pressure, impaired glucose tolerance, and central obesity is identified now as metabolic syndrome, also called syndrome X. Soon, metabolic syndrome will overtake cigarette smoking as the number one risk factor for heart disease among the U.S. ...
Sato Eiko - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Diabetes Diet-Related Quality-of-Life (DDRQOL) scale, which is a measure of the influence of diet therapy on patients' quality of life (QOL). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients with type 2 diabetes (n = 236) who were ...
Zaffari D - - 2004
In renal transplant patients dietary therapy alone does not always provide satisfactory results to control hyperlipidemia. To assess the effectiveness of diet, 151 renal transplant patients were selected for a prospective clinical study using pre- and posttest groups. During 8 weeks these patients received a diet with 25% energy intake ...
Wada Seiko - - 2004
In the past few decades, the number of bed-ridden elderly patients has been increasing. This group of patients is frequently fed with a liquid formula diet. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of a liquid formula diet containing dietary fiber (DF) for elderly bed-ridden patients. Eighteen ...
Beattie Sean - - 2004
This project investigated the effects of food exposure and patient compliance with elastic-band change on the degradation of forces in 3/16-inch, medium-wall, latex elastic bands during a simulated day of clinical wear. Six levels of daily diet/patient compliance were chosen as representative of orthodontic patients and a quasicontrol group. The ...
Kahra Terhi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare dietary intake and health-related quality of life approximately 6 to 10 weeks after renal transplantation in patients living at home and at a patient hotel, and how the patients were following a heart-healthy diet according to the current American Heart Association guidelines. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: ...
Barber Matthew D - - 2004
The acute-phase protein response is associated with accelerated weight loss and shortened survival in cancer. This may be due to hepatic protein synthesis increasing demand for amino acids. An n -3 fatty-acid-enriched nutritional supplement will moderate aspects of cachexia in cancer patients. The present study examined the effect of such ...
Bhardwaj Payal - - 2004
Increased oxidative stress has been postulated to be an important mechanism in the pathophysiology of chronic pancreatitis (CP). Micronutrient deficiency may increase the oxidative stress as they assist in free radical clearance. The present study was undertaken to assess the intake of micronutrients, i.e. vitamins E and C, carotene, selenium, ...
Guillem Philippe - - 2004
Etilefrine, a sympathomimetic drug, was used 11 times in 10 patients with thoracic (n=8) or abdominal (n=2) chyle leak occurring after thoracic surgical procedures. It was given as a 4.2-5 mg/h intravenous infusion. During the 11 etilefrine administrations, three patients had total parenteral nutrition, three had enteral nutrition, three had ...
Ohkawa Sakae - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There is controversy about whether the dietary protein requirement of 1.2 g/kg/d for hemodialysis (HD) patients, in the nutritional guidelines recommended by the National Kidney Foundation-Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF-KDOQI), is reasonable. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 129 stable HD patients without diabetes (84 men, 45 ...
Kloppenburg Wybe D - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Protein requirements in stable, adequately dialysed haemodialysis patients are not known and recommendations vary. It is not known whether increasing the dialysis dose above the accepted adequate level has a favourable effect on nutrition. The aim of this study was to determine whether prescribing a high protein diet and ...
Cochrane W J - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Weight loss and reduced fat-free mass are prevalent amongst patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the causes of this weight loss are not clear. The aims of this study are to investigate the factors affecting body weight and dietary intake in a group of outpatients ...
Heaf James - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although dialysis nutritional problems are well described, nutritional problems after renal transplantation (RT) have received little attention. METHODS: Body composition as assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry in 115 stable patients 6.6 +/- 5.9 years after RT and repeated 2.9 years later, when a 3-day dietary history was obtained in ...
Tomita Ryouichi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Little is known of the effects on gastric function after ileal J pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis. This study aimed to determine whether patients with postoperative high stool frequency after IPAA exhibit impaired gastric function. METHODS: Gastric emptying time (GET) for a solid diet (rice gruel) with the ...
Santinelli R - - 2004
Gyrate atrophy of the choroid and retina is an autosomal recessive chorioretinal dystrophy which leads to a slowly progressive loss of vision. The primary defect is due to a deficiency of the enzyme ornithine delta-aminotransferase, which is responsible for markedly elevated levels of ornithine in plasma and other body fluids. ...
Dantzig Paul I - - 2003
Chronic mercury poisoning is becoming a health concern because of extensive pollution of water and fish, and the increasing consumption of fish in the human diet. Mercury is extremely toxic to the body, especially the central nervous system, but diagnosis is difficult because of the lack of specific signs. A ...
Plodkowski Raymond A - - 2003
Most physicians do not have the benefit of in-house registered dietitians to facilitate patient evaluation and create treatment plans. Fortunately, with the new tools that are available to physicians and patients, energy balance can be evaluated. Then, a balanced deficit diet can be encouraged to achieve a weight management goal ...
Gassió R - - 2003
AIM: To evaluate the possible influence of dietary treatment on the quality of life of adult patients with PKU (phenylketonuria) following late introduction or resumption of a Phe-restricted diet. METHODS: Fifteen adult patients with classical PKU (10F, 5M; mean age: 27.5 y, range: 16.4-37.5 y) were selected for the study. ...
Matsubara Tomoyo - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Ketotic hypoglycemia is the most common cause of recurrent hypoglycemia in early childhood but its etiology is poorly understood. Elimination diets have been used for the prevention or treatment of some allergic diseases; however, these diets entail a risk to the normal nutrition and growth of children. The present ...
Bakalar Bohumil - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The causes of hypocholesterolemia in the critically ill, including major trauma patients, have not yet been fully elucidated. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that hypocholesterolemia is caused by decreased production of cholesterol precursors. DESIGN: Serum concentrations of squalene, lanosterol, and lathosterol were measured on admission, and then at 24 ...
Schols Annemie - - 2003
Weight loss is a frequent complication in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is a determining factor for functional capacity, health status and mortality. Weight loss in COPD is a consequence of an inbalance between increased energy requirements and dietary intake. Both metabolic and mechanical inefficiency may contribute ...
Hays James H JH Cardiology Research, Christiana Care Health Services, Inc, Newark, Del 19718, USA. - - 2003
To determine whether a diet of high saturated fat and avoidance of starch (HSF-SA) results in weight loss without adverse effects on serum lipids in obese nondiabetic patients. Twenty-three patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease participated in a prospective 6-week trial at the Christiana Care Medical Center in Newark, Del, between ...
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