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Results 451 - 500 of 1114
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Rocco Michael V - - 2002
The nutritional status of the first 1,000 patients randomized into the Hemodialysis (HEMO) Study was analyzed at baseline when they received their typical dialysis dose (equilibrated Kt/V = 1.30 +/- 0.22) and dialysis membrane. This is the largest study to date of the nutritional status of chronic hemodialysis patients. The ...
Ruangtrakool Ravit - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is well accepted as the standard cholecystectomy only in adult patients. However, the advantages of LC over open cholecystectomy have never been proved in pediatric patients because the number of pediatric cholecystectomies is limited as well as the faster ability of pediatric patients to resume their ...
Papassotiropoulos A - - 2002
The brain is the most cholesterol-rich organ in the human body. Accumulation of excess cholesterol in hippocampal neurons promotes the cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) into amyloidogenic components with the consequence of the acceleration of neuronal degeneration. Conversion of cholesterol to 24S-hydroxycholesterol mediated by cholesterol 24S-hydroxylase (CYP46) is ...
Castellino Pietro - - 2002
Nephrotic patients show various abnormalities in protein kinetics. Plasma albumin levels and the total plasma albumin pool are reduced. The rate of hepatic absolute and fractional albumin synthesis are increased. Transferrin synthesis is also increased. Fibrinogen levels are elevated in nephrotic syndrome because of an increase in the hepatic synthesis. ...
Delahanty Linda M - - 2002
Following a heart-healthy diet to lower cholesterol levels is often assumed to be difficult, to be burdensome, and to have a negative impact on quality of life (QOL). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of medical nutrition therapy (MNT) versus usual care (UC) for hypercholesterolemia on ...
Finestone Hillel M - - 2002
GOAL: The goal of this study was to determine recovery rates from swallowing disorders, or dysphagia, at 3 weeks and 3 months poststroke by tracking changes in nutritional management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-one newly diagnosed stroke patients were studied. Patients with suspected dysphagia were referred for bedside swallowing assessment, performed ...
Cupisti Adamasco - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: A dietary management program, consisting of the alternation between a vegetarian low-protein diet (VD) and an animal-based conventional low-protein diet (CLPD), aims to increase foods choices and to improve compliance with dietary prescriptions, psychologic aspects, and the quality of life of renal patients. The present study investigates the subjective ...
Chanchairujira T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Accurate estimation of extracellular fluid (ECF) is an important factor in assessing dry weight in hemodialysis patients. Bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) is a simple method to determine the compartmental distribution of body water in HD patients. Recent studies have shown that sum of segmental BIS (SBIS) is less affected by ...
Aparicio M - - 2001
Protein-restricted diets have been proposed in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) to correct uremic symptoms and to slow the progression of CRF thus delaying the initiation of dialysis. Questions have been raised about the compliance to such diets, their nutritional safety and efficacy. In two-thirds of selected and motivated ...
Hallebeek J M - - 2001
A fat-free liquid diet was formulated to be administered by nasogastric tube as therapy for hyperlipaemia in ponies. The liquid diet provided energy, protein, minerals, trace elements, and vitamins in accordance with the requirements of ponies. As sole source of nutrition, the liquid diet fully counteracted fasting-induced hyperlipaemia in two ...
Turner J M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare the bone density of adolescent patients with anorexia nervosa with adolescent patients with other dieting disorders and to evaluate risk factors for low bone density in these patients. METHOD: Sixty-nine consecutive female patients referred to an adolescent eating disorders clinic were studied by interview, blood sampling, body ...
Takaya T - - 2001
The onset time of vecuronium, a muscle relaxant, was measured after a bolus intravenous injection of 0.15 mg kg(-1) of vecuronium into 40 surgical patients aged 59-64 years. The onset time was then compared between male and female patients and the relationship between onset time and body fat (% of ...
de Vries T W TW Department of Paediatrics, Medical Centre Leeuwarden-Noord, The Netherlands. - - 2001
Dietary interventions are sometimes necessary, even in young children; however, adhering to a diet can cause medical and psychosocial problems. Therefore, insight into frequency, reasons, and effectiveness is important. To establish the prevalence of dieting in children referred to a general paediatric outpatient clinic, parents of newly referred patients were ...
Hafström I - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Whether food intake can modify the course of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an issue of continued scientific and public interest. However, data from controlled clinical trials are sparse. We thus decided to study the clinical effects of a vegan diet free of gluten in RA and to quantify the ...
Teplan V - - 2001
Supplement with keto acids/amino acids (KA) and erythropoietin can independently improve the metabolic sequels of chronic renal insufficiency. Our study was designed to establish whether a supplementation with keto acids/amino acids (KA) exerts additional beneficial metabolic effects in patients with chronic renal insufficiency (CRF) treated with a low-protein diet (LPD) ...
Wong P Y - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Survey of the serum lipoprotein profile, uric acid levels and body weight in Chinese patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) one year after injury, and to report the data of patients with SCI at different levels. METHODS: Seventy-seven Chinese patients with SCI categorized into cervical SCI, thoracic SCI, and ...
Levy R I - - 2001
A woman with end-stage renal disease underwent peritoneal dialysis. On initiation of treatment, there was turbid peritoneal dialysis fluid, which proved to be of chylous rather than inflammatory origin. A low-fat and medium-chain triglycerides diet induced visible clearing of the fluid and a decrease in its triglyceride concentration. Challenge with ...
Delahanty L M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare the results and cost-effectiveness of a cholesterol lowering protocol implemented by registered dietitians with cholesterol lowering advice by physicians. DESIGN: Six month randomized controlled trial, cost-effectiveness analysis. Subjects included 90 ambulatory care patients (60 men, 30 women), age range 21 to 65 years, with hypercholesterolemia and not ...
Gale C R - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A large number of prescriptions are issued for nutritional supplements under British National Formulary classifications 9.4.1 (foods for special diets) and 9.4.2 (enteral feeds), but little is known about the characteristics of the patients who receive them. We used the General Practice Research Database to examine patterns ...
Hooper L - - 2001
AIM: To collate information on current British dietetic practice in the area of diet in secondary prevention of myocardial infarction, and to compare this with best evidence. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to all Chief Dietitians, to be completed by the whole department, asking about current dietary advice and practice, ...
Amodio P - - 2001
Diet treatment characterized by a reduction in or a selection of food proteins is currently suggested in hepatic encephalopathy. This article is a review of the present knowledge about the characteristics and the rationale of vegetarian diets in cirrhotic patients with overt or latent encephalopathy. In addition, evidence relating diet ...
Testa A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We recently found a close relationship between high interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) and nutritional parameters, confirming the potential role of IDWG as a marker of calorie and protein intake in hemodialysis patients. In this population, the control of volume status to achieve the "appropriate dry weight" suggests a correlation ...
Abdenur J E - - 2001
The treatment of multiple acyl-CoA-dehydrogenase deficiency (MADD) includes a low-fat, low-protein, high-carbohydrate diet, avoiding long fasting periods. However, there is no useful biochemical marker to determine the response to different diets or fasting periods. The aims of this study are to report a patient with MADD, diagnosed through a newborn ...
Colomé C - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To study the lipid profile in a group of treated phenylketonuric patients (PKU; n = 61) compared with a group of inborn error of intermediary metabolism patients (IEM; n = 22), a group of hyperphenylalaninemic children (HPA; n = 37), and a control group without dietary restriction (n = ...
Saltissi D - - 2001
Patients with end-stage renal failure are a high-risk group for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and commonly have dyslipidemia as a major factor. Dietary manipulation is the recommended first line of therapy for reducing lipid levels in people with normal renal function; however, complex dietary requirements of dialysis-treated patients with end-stage renal ...
Burden S - - 2001
The aim of this literature review is to produce guidelines for dietetic practice in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) by evaluating the research available. In this area randomized control trials (RCT) only account for a small proportion of the literature and have been concentrated in the modification of dietary fibre in ...
Lim V S - - 2001
The National Kidney Foundation Clinical Practice Dialysis Outcomes Quality Initiative (DOQI) guidelines recently recommended dietary protein intake for patients with chronic renal failure as follows: predialysis patients should receive 0.60 g/kg/day of protein and increase intake to 0.75 g/kg/day for subjects who cannot follow such a diet. For stable maintenance ...
Almendingen K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Dietary factors are known to be associated with initiation and development of colorectal cancer (CRC), and also with CRC's major precursor, the colorectal polyp. In long-term intervention studies on colorectal polyps, dietary changes may therefore affect potential effects of the study intervention. OBJECTIVE: To examine potential dietary changes among ...
Iwayama N - - 2001
In chronic renal failure (CRF) patients with a reduced protein intake, if the patients' energy intake could be estimated on the basis of biochemical data together with protein intake, it would be easier to provide them with adequate dietary treatment. Thus, from the relationship among the normalized protein catabolic rate ...
Lee S S - - 2001
The avoidance of incriminated foods is one of the principal therapies for atopic dermatitis (AD). Recently, interferon (IFN)-gamma therapy has been tried in AD with limited success. The necessity of diet therapy for the success of IFN-gamma therapy in AD was evaluated. A total of 524 AD patients participated in ...
Parker T J - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To determine if confirmation of hypolactasia offers any benefit to the dietary treatment of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: One hundred and twenty-two consecutive IBS patients (37 male, 85 female) were given lactose hydrogen breath tests (LHBT). Those with positive LHBT followed a low lactose diet for ...
Banks T - - 2001
The 1993 NCEP recommended phase 2 diets and < or = 100 mg/dL LDL goals for all atherosclerotic patients. We reviewed Washington, DC physician 1994-2000 use of these recommendations for coronary care unit (CCU) patients. Questionnaires, chart reviews and interviews of cardiologists, residents and dietitians showed > 80% of CCU ...
Tanchoco C C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to compare the effectiveness of a defined formula diet with a blenderized diet on nutritional and respiratory function parameters and to determine the bacteriological load of the two formulations. METHODOLOGY: Seventeen patients, aged 50-75 years, admitted to the University of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital for chronic ...
Bergesio F - - 2001
Lipid peroxidation (LP) has recently been suggested to trigger the atherosclerotic process as well as to worsen the progression of renal disease. Autoantibodies against oxidized low-density lipoproteins (Ox-LDLAb) were considered to provide a sensitive marker to detect LDL oxidation in vivo. To date few studies have been reported on Ox-LDLAb ...
Schiffelers S L - - 2001
The present study investigated whether development or maintenance of a relatively increased fat mass in normal-weight patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), despite periods of weight loss, may be related to impaired beta-adrenoceptor-mediated responses in lipid utilization and thermogenesis. Nine COPD patients and nine healthy controls (body mass index: ...
Grayson D E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to determine the rate of visualization of the normal pediatric appendix on CT and to evaluate the relationship of the appendix to parameters such as amount of intraperitoneal fat, use of contrast material, patient age, and slice thickness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three board-certified radiologists retrospectively ...
Mandal A - - 2001
A minority of patients with coeliac disease do not improve in spite of strictly adhering to gluten-free diet and are considered to have developed refractory disease. Such patients are usually treated with steroid and/or immunosuppressive agents but these are not without serious side effects. Herein, we present a patient with ...
Kowanko I - - 2001
There have been numerous reports that the nutritional intake of many hospitalized patients is sub-optimal, but there is little published information about patients' diets in Australian hospitals. In this study, the nutritional intake of patients in general medical wards of an Australian acute care hospital was assessed. Although the hospital ...
Calfas K J - - 2001
More effective ways to improve lifestyle behaviors need to be developed. Two hundred forty adult patients at a preventive cardiology clinic were randomly assigned to receive either one or five sessions of behavioral instruction to improve cardiovascular risk behaviors. Results for 102 patients from 6-month follow-up data revealed few significant ...
Morishita E - - 2001
Several studies have previously reported high levels of total tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) antigen in patients with hypercholesterolemia. The relationship between serum lipid concentrations and total and free-form TFPI antigen in 32 patients with primary type II hypercholesterolemia and 38 age- and gender-matched normolipemic control subjects was studied (Study ...
Leonard J V - - 2001
Diet is one of the mainstays of the treatment of patients with urea cycle disorders. The protein intake should be adjusted to take account of the inborn error and its severity and the patient's age, growth rate, and individual preferences. Currently, the widely used standards for protein intake are probably ...
Müller H - - 2001
Clinical experience suggests that fasting followed by vegetarian diet may help patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We reviewed the available scientific evidence, because patients frequently ask for dietary advice, and exclusive pharmacological treatment of RA is often not satisfying. Fasting studies in RA were searched in MEDLINE and by checking ...
Førli L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition in hospitalized patients is often not recognized and nutritional support neglected. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is frequently characterized by weight loss. No data exist on the effects of nutritional supplementation in underweight lung transplantation candidates during hospitalization. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects on energy intake and body weight ...
Zilli F - - 2000
In studies of the effect of diets in obese type 2 diabetic patients, information about the degree of compliance or non-compliance is generally lacking or incomplete, though their poor long-term success rate is widely recognized. We have quantified the degree of short-term compliance with a personalized hypocaloric diet (800-1500 kcal) ...
Hämäläinen H - - 2000
The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of dietary counselling and the predictability of success in reducing fat intake to less than 20% of total energy in patients with symptomatic coronary heart disease. Forty-seven patients with coronary heart disease attended a 2-week in-house cardiac rehabilitation course with ...
Miwa Y - - 2000
Aims: patients with liver cirrhosis exhibit abnormal fuel metabolism, including increased fat and decreased glucose oxidation. Such altered energy metabolism is similar to that observed after starvation and could lead to malnutrition. We therefore studied whether nocturnal energy supplementation might improve the fuel metabolism in cirrhotic patients. Methods: 12 cirrhotic ...
Moynihan P J - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to investigate the impact of prosthetic rehabilitation of the shortened dental arch on the intake of nutrients, non-starch polysaccharide (NSP) fruits and vegetables (dietary fibre), and to compare dietary intakes between patients receiving bilateral resin-bonded bridges with patients receiving conventional partial dentures. METHODS: ...
Patel Z - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine dietary protein intake in Indian patients with chronic renal failure and the impact of prescribing protein restricted diets to these patients. METHODS: Baseline dietary protein intake was estimated in forty five patients with chronic renal failure on an unrestricted diet. Of these 45 patients, 27 were vegetarian ...
Przyrembel H - - 2000
Dietary treatment of phenylketonuria is well established to be safe and to prevent developmental and mental impairment in patients with low or absent phenylalanine hydroxylase activity. The use of semi-synthetic diets necessitates careful and longitudinal control not only of physical and intellectual development, which are both near normal in well ...
Meining A - - 2000
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and the complications associated with it are very common in the Western world. There has been speculation for many years that certain dietary and lifestyle factors may play a role in the pathogenesis or course of GERD. However, a wide-ranging review of the available data reveals ...
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