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Results 101 - 150 of 1456
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Xiao Jie - - 2011
The objectives of this study were to investigate the effects of dietary high molybdenum (Mo) on immune function by determining changes of the subsets of peripheral blood T-cells and serum interleukin (IL)-2 contents. 300 1-day-old avian broilers were divided into four groups and fed on a corn-soybean basal diet as ...
Wang J P - - 2010
This study was conducted to determine the effects of dietary supplementation with phenyllactic acid (PLA) on growth performance, intestinal microbiota, relative organ weight, blood characteristics, and meat quality in broilers. A total of 500 male broilers (BW = 46.3 g) were randomly allotted into 1 of the following 5 dietary ...
Leusink G - - 2010
Cranberry fruit components have been reported to have antimicrobial activities against a variety of pathogenic bacteria and to be beneficial for human health. Studies on their effects are very limited in animals and especially in chickens. This study investigated the effect of feed supplementation with a commercial cranberry fruit extract ...
Wijtten P J A - - 2010
This study investigated the effect of 2 different dietary amino acid treatments and feed restriction in early life versus a control treatment on development of the small intestine segments (weights), mortality, and broiler performance. Each treatment was applied to 6 cages with Ross 308 male broilers and to 6 cages ...
Oryschak M - - 2010
The nutritive value of triticale distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) for broilers was investigated in 2 experiments. In experiment 1, four hundred male broilers housed in battery cages were fed diets including 15 or 30% triticale DDGS (extruded or not) or a basal diet, supplemented with or without a ...
Laudadio V - - 2010
An experiment was carried out to evaluate the effects of diets containing peas on productive traits, carcass yields, and fatty acid profiles (breast and drumstick meat) of broiler chickens. Hubbard strain broiler chicks, divided into 2 groups, received from 14 d to slaughtering age (49 d) a wheat middlings-based diet ...
Grmanová M - - 2010
The presence of raffinose series oligosaccharides (RSO) was determined by an enzymic method in three commercially available chicken feed mixtures. All feed mixtures contained RSO at a concentration of 2.1-2.2%. Soya meal was identified as the exclusive source of RSO. Subsequently, the bifidogenic effect of stachyose (main soya bean RSO) ...
de Coca-Sinova A - - 2010
The influence of soybean meal (SBM) source and total Lys content of the diet on performance and total tract apparent retention of nutrients was evaluated in broilers from 1 to 36 d of age. There were 6 treatments arranged factorially with 2 sources of SBM [regular SBM with 46.3% CP ...
Incharoen T - - 2010
To evaluate the effect of dietary dried fermented ginger (DFG) on intestinal villous histological alteration and growth performance, 64 Marshall Chunky male broilers were divided into four groups, each with four replicates of four chickens. Birds were fed the basal commercial mash diet supplemented with DFG at 0 (control), 5, ...
Tiihonen K - - 2010
1. In this study the effect of a blend of essential oils (EO) comprising 15 g/tonne thymol and 5 g/tonne cinnamaldehyde on the performance and intestinal microbiota of broilers was investigated. 2. A total of 720 male Ross broilers were divided into two dietary treatments with 12 replicate pens per ...
Sato Yoshihiko - - 2010
A young, female black-eared kite was rescued from a small reservoir adjacent to a rice paddy in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. The bird was given a fluid diet through the esophagus and started to eat by herself from the fifth day. Her fecal samples were examined for parasites on the seventh ...
Baeza E - - 2010
1. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of sex and genotype on carcase composition and nutritional and sensory characteristics of chicken meat. The "Geline de Touraine" (GT) characterised by high carcase fatness was compared with an experimental crossbreed (EC) and "Label rouge" (LR) genotype. 2. Females ...
Xue C Y - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the immunopathological effects of combinations of ochratoxin A (OTA) and T-2 toxin on broilers. Four hundred eighty 1-d-old broilers were randomly assigned to 4 groups, each group consisting of 4 duplicates each with 30 broilers. The 4 groups were fed the following ...
Olukosi O A - - 2010
1. This experiment investigated growth performance and nutrient utilisation responses of broilers to partial replacement of maize and soyabean meal in broiler diets with 100 g kg(-1) maize Distillers' Dried Grain with Solubles (mDDGS) as well as responses to supplementation of an admixture of carbohydrases and protease (XAP) or phytase ...
Denstadli V - - 2010
1. A factorial (2 x 3) feeding trial was set up to investigate the effects of coarse or finely ground brewers' spent grain (BSG) and xylanase treatment, either with no xylanase, top-dressed with xylanase or pre-treated with xylanase. 2. The experimental diets shared the same basal formulation and were fed ...
Scholtz N D - - 2010
Potentially adverse effects of diets containing transgenic plants are a concern for many consumers, particularly in Europe. For Bacillus thuringiensis-maize, several studies in livestock and poultry showed that the zootechnical data provide no indication for such adverse effects. These studies were all done in homeostatic situations; it remained open whether ...
Knap I - - 2010
Three studies were conducted using Clostridium perfringens as an intestinal challenge to produce necrotic enteritis (NE). The studies consisted of two battery screening studies and one production study in floor pens, which were used to test the effect of the addition of Bacillus licheniformis (DSM 17236) spores at different doses ...
Morales-López R - - 2010
1. Three experiments were carried out to study the effects of two experimental yeast cell wall (YCW) supplements, one from the yeast extract industry and the other from the brewery industry, added to maize or wheat based-diets, on performance and intestinal parameters of broiler chickens (Ross 308). 2. In the ...
Hammons Susan - - 2010
Feed composition has the potential to influence the activities of bacteria that colonize the digestive tract of broiler chickens with important consequences for animal health, well being, and food safety. In this study, the gut microbiota of two groups of broiler chickens raised in immediate vicinity but fed either a ...
Guzmán Aroca Florentina - - 2010
To evaluate acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) imaging as a non-invasive tool for quantification of the grades of liver steatosis in chickens. We used two different diets: a standard diet (SD group) and a hyperlipidaemic diet (HD group). The ARFI technique was performed in all the animals in the right ...
Ozkan S - - 2010
The development of ascites was investigated in broilers at low versus high altitudes, cold versus normal ambient temperatures (AT), and 3 feeding regimens. One-day-old chicks obtained at sea level were reared at high altitude (highA; 1,720 m; n = 576) with 2 AT treatments, low AT from 3 wk onward ...
Zangiabadi Hamidreza - - 2010
The use of low-quality whole dates in broilers' diets was evaluated. The apparent metabolizable energy (AMEn) of whole dates and date pits was determined with or without a beta-mannanase-based enzyme (Hemicell--a registered trademark of ChemGen Corp., Gaithersburg, MD. Dried Bacillus lentus fermentation solubles with 158 million units/kg minimum enzyme activity. ...
Zhang Qin - - 2010
A feeding experiment was conducted to investigate the interaction of probiotic Bacillus subtilis and prebiotic fructooligosaccharide (FOS) on the growth performance, immunity, intestinal microflora and disease resistance of sea cucumber (Apostichopus japonicus). Five hundred and forty individuals (initial body weight: 5.06 +/- 0.10 g, mean +/- S.E) were fed nine ...
Czerwiński J - - 2010
1. The effect of dietary pea and addition of organic acid blend (OA) or probiotic (Pro) on performance and caecal microbial ecology of broiler chickens was studied. 2. A growth trial was conducted with 160 Ross 308 female broilers from d 1 to 35 of age. There were 8 treatment ...
Aengwanich Worapol - - 2010
The aim of this experiment was to determine the effect of polyphenols extracted from tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) seed coat on physiological changes, oxidative stress and production of male broilers maintained at high environmental temperatures. The results found that body temperature and respiratory rate of broilers maintained at 38 +/- ...
Guo Y L - - 2010
1. The effects of nutrient density and lighting regime on oxidant status and immune function of broilers were investigated in a 2 x 4 experimental design (8 groups of 576 chickens). 2. There were two nutrient densities: high (H) starter diet AME 13.39 MJ/kg, 230 g crude protein (CP)/kg: finisher ...
Pirgozliev V - - 2010
Two basal diets containing an adequate and a low supply of available P (4.7 vs 2.5 g/kg diet) and three others containing a low available P but supplemented with 250, 500 and 12,500 units of phytase (FTU) per kg diet, respectively, were prepared. Each diet was fed ad libitum to ...
Narciso-Gayt?n C - - 2010
There is an increasing demand in precooked chicken meat products for restaurants and catering services. Because cooked chicken meat develops lipid oxidation relatively fast, sous vide chicken meat was studied to assess its shelf-life. Six hundred Cobb x Ross broilers were fed for 6 wk with a basal corn-soybean meal ...
Loh Teck C - - 2010
The effects of feeding different dosages of metabolite combination of L. plantarum RS5, RI11, RG14 and RG11 strains (Com3456) on the performance of broiler chickens was studied. A total of 504 male Ross broilers were grouped into 7 treatments and offered different diets: (i) standard corn-soybean based diet (negative control); ...
van den Brand H - - 2010
In field conditions, a fasting period of 24 to 72 h after hatch is common, which is associated with delayed gastrointestinal development and yolk utilization and retarded subsequent performance. Hardly any information is available about the influence of diet composition in the first days on later life and additionally, effects ...
Wang Yanbo - - 2010
The effect of probiotic, Bacillus coagulans NJ0516, on growth performance and digestive enzyme activity of Arbor Acres (AA) broilers was investigated. Strains NJ0516 were added to commercial basal diets as probiotic at three final concentrations: T-1, 1x10(6) cfu g(-1); T-2, 2x10(6) cfu g(-1) and T-3, 4x10(6) cfu g(-1), respectively. Twelve ...
Ricci Rebecca - - 2010
Twenty-six dogs with known adverse food reactions were fed whole chicken for 14 days. From this group, 12 dogs with cutaneous manifestations following exposure to chicken meat were selected and randomly divided into two groups (n = 6). Each group was then fed hydrolysed chicken or hydrolysed soy for 14 days in a blinded ...
Giannenas I - - 2010
In this study, we evaluated the intestinal morphology and bacteria populations in broiler chickens fed for six weeks diets that contained different amount of the mushroom Agaricus bisporus. Ninety day-old female chicks were randomly divided into three dietary treatments, each with three replicates kept in floor pens and fed a ...
Poureslami R - - 2010
The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of different dietary lipid sources, age and sex on the SFA and MUFA metabolism in broiler chickens using a whole body fatty acid balance method. Four dietary lipid sources (palm fat, Palm; soyabean oil, Soya; linseed oil, Lin; and fish oil, ...
Ziková Andrea - - 2010
Diets containing Microcystis with considerable amounts of the cyanotoxin microcystin-LR (MC-LR) were fed to determine their impact on the physiological performance of the omnivorous Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) with regard to stress and growth performance. Four different diets were prepared based on a commercial diet (control, MC-5% [containing 5% dried ...
Kim Y J - - 2010
This study investigated the effect of different levels of dietary supplementation with alpha-tocopherol or Se, or both, on growth performance and meat quality of broiler chickens. A total of 270 broiler chickens were assigned to 6 dietary treatments (0, 50, 100, or 200 IU of supplemental alpha-tocopherol; 0.3 ppm supplemental ...
Zhou X - - 2010
The effect of Bacillus coagulans ZJU0616 with different concentrations supplemented as probiotic was evaluated on growth performance, feed conversion ratio, survival rate, breast chemical composition, and meat quality of Guangxi Yellow chicken. Birds were randomly segregated into 12 groups so that 3 replicates were available for each of the 3 ...
Huff G R - - 2010
Yeast extracts (YE) contain biological response modifiers that may be useful as alternatives to antibiotics for controlling pathogens in poultry production and mitigating the deleterious effects of production stressors. The objective of the present study was to determine the ability of a commercial dietary YE (Alphamune) to modulate the immune ...
Girgis G N - - 2010
The effects of feeding diets containing grains naturally contaminated with Fusarium mycotoxins on intestinal histology were studied in chickens raised to 10 wk of age in the absence or presence of coccidial challenge. Experimental diets included the following: controls, diets containing grains naturally contaminated with Fusarium mycotoxins, and diets containing ...
Crespo Rocio - - 2010
Two weeks after spiking, a decrease in fertility from 96% to 82% was observed in a 48-week-old broiler breeder flock. Hatchability in the flock was about 86%. Necropsy of 25 males revealed severe testicular atrophy in 60% of the birds. Histopathology of the testes demonstrated no spermatogenesis in most of ...
Daş Gürbüz - - 2010
The hypothesis examined in this study was that extra dietary lysine (Lys) above the recommended standard exerts beneficial effects on the defence reactions, growth performance and nutrient utilization in Ascaridia galli-infected chickens. Therefore, 1-day-old female Lohmann Selected Leghorn chickens were at first fed standard Lys diet (8.5 g Lys/kg DM). ...
Liu Bo - - 2010
In order to study the effects of anthraquinone extract from Rheum officinale Bail on Macrobrachium rosenbergii under high temperature stress, freshwater prawns were randomly divided into five groups: a control group was fed with basal diet, and four treatment groups fed with basal diet supplemented with 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.2%, and ...
Goymann Wolfgang - - 2010
Migration remains one of the great mysteries of animal life. Small migratory birds rely on refuelling stopovers after crossing ecological barriers such as deserts or seas. Previous studies have suggested that fuel reserves may determine stopover duration but this hypothesis could not be tested because of methodological limitations. Here, we ...
Jia W - - 2010
Three experiments were conducted to explore dietary means (particle size, enzyme addition, bile salts addition, and feed pelleting) of minimizing the antinutritive effects of cell wall-nonstarch polysaccharides of flaxseed. Broiler chickens were fed corn-soybean meal-based diets containing 15% of full-fat flaxseed from 5 to 18 d. The effects of 2 ...
Rebol? A - - 2010
A study was undertaken to examine the effects of inulin, alone or in combination with enzyme complex (primarily xylanase and beta-glucanase), on growth performance, ileal and cecal microflora, cecal short-chain fatty acids, and d-lactic acid and jejunal histomorphology of broiler chickens fed a wheat- and barley-based diet from 7 to ...
Meimandipour A - - 2010
1. An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of supposedly unpleasant physical treatment on broiler performance, small intestinal development and ameliorating role of probiotics. 2. The following treatments were applied from day one: (1) chicks exposed to normal human contact fed basal diet (control); (2) chicks were exposed to ...
Lee K W - - 2010
This study was conducted to compare growth performance, gut morphometry, and parameters of local and systemic immunity in broiler chickens fed for 22 consecutive days with a diet supplemented with Bacillus spp. as direct-fed microbials (DFM), a commercial product incorporating 3 DFM, or a nonsupplemented diet. Direct-fed microbials did not ...
Giannenas I - - 2010
In this study, we evaluated the growth performance and antioxidant status of broiler chicken supplemented with the edible mushroom Agaricus bisporus. Ninety 1-d-old female broiler chickens randomly allotted to 3 dietary treatments were given either a nutritionally balanced basal diet or the basal diet supplemented with 10 or 20 g ...
Park S W - - 2010
Effects of F-strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum (FMG) inoculation and 1.5% supplemental dietary poultry fat (PF) on the digestive and reproductive organ characteristics of commercial layers at 58 wk of age were investigated. Sham and FMG inoculations were administered at 12 (before lay) and 22 (early in lay) wk of age, and ...
Donsbough A L - - 2010
Five experiments were conducted to determine if serum uric acid, serum urea N (SUN), serum ammonia, and the uric acid content of the excreta (UAE) could be used to determine the efficacy of amino acid (AA) utilization in diets for broilers. All experiments were conducted with Ross x Ross 308 ...
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