Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1456
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >
Mozdziak P E - - 2002
The calpain system is a family of calcium activated proteases that degrade myofibrillar protein. Male broiler chickens (Ross) were provided a standard starter diet top-dressed with Oasis((R)) nutritional supplement (fed; Novus International, St. Louis, MO, USA), or they were not provided any feed (starved) for the first 3 days posthatch. ...
Crespo N - - 2002
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of different dietary fatty acid profiles on efficiency of energy, fat, nitrogen, and fatty acid deposition in broiler chickens. Sixty female broiler chickens were fed a basal diet without additional fat or with 4 other diets with different fats (tallow, ...
Broomhead J N - - 2002
Floor pen studies were conducted, with broilers from 1 to 7 wk of age and with turkeys from 1 to 14 wk of age, to evaluate the chronic effects of moniliformin (M). Fusarium fujikuroi (M-1214) culture material was added to typical corn-soybean basal diets to supply 0, 25, or 50 ...
Eroksuz Y - - 2002
Five groups of 30 male Japanese quail, each 7-w-old, were fed diets containing 0, 1, 3, 5, or 10% (w/w) of dehulled H dolosum seed. Half of the birds from the each group were killed at 6 and 24 w after beginning of the trial. At the end of 6th ...
Sahin Kazim - - 2002
This study was conducted to determine the effects of chromium (chromium picolinate, CrPic) supplementation at various levels (0, 200, 400, 800, or 1200 microg/kg of diet) on performance, carcass characteristics, and some serum metabolites of broiler chickens (Ross) reared under heat stress (32.8 degrees C). One hundred fifty old male ...
Abiola S S - - 2002
The effects of alkali treatment on chemical constituents of melon husk (MH) and performance characteristics of broilers fed alkali-treated MH (ATMH) diets were investigated. The chemical analysis showed that alkali treatment increased the ash content of MH (from 15.70% to 16.86%) and reduced the crude fibre content (from 29.00% to ...
Engberg R M - - 2002
1. The influence of feed grinding (coarsely or finely ground feed) and feed form (mash or pellets) on the intestinal environment was investigated in a growth experiment with broiler chickens taking the intestinal microflora, intestinal viscosity, and the activities of pancreatic digestive enzymes into consideration. 2. As compared to mash ...
Farhat A - - 2002
Experiments were conducted to evaluate the production response to a solid phase, nutritive supplement used as an alternative to feed withdrawal in broiler chickens and its effect on gastrointestinal tract (GIT) residue. Three treatments were applied: a conventional 12-h feed withdrawal (control); provision of a highly digestible, carbohydrate-based feed withdrawal ...
Dana N - - 2002
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of scavenging on diet selection and the comparative performance of Rhode Island Red and Fayoumi breeds of chicken. The breeds were compared under three feeding/management regimes: (1) a choice of ground noug cake and cracked maize, with confinement; (2) a choice of ...
Tabiri H Y - - 2002
1. Two experiments were conducted to investigate the impact of high temperature and dietary tyrosine (Tyr) content on performance and activity of hepatic tyrosine aminotransferase (EC 2.6.1.5.), an enzyme that catalyses the first step in the metabolic degradation of Tyr in broiler chickens. 2. Two-week-old birds were allocated to one ...
Odetallah N H - - 2002
Soybean meal (SBM) contains heat-resistant mannans. Domesticated turkeys are sensitive to mannans because of the high inclusion rate of SBM in their diets, causing increased chyme viscosity, wet droppings, and reduced feed conversion. Three experiments of similar design were conducted to determine the effect of mannan-endo-1,4-f'-mannosidase supplementation of corn-SBM diets ...
Du M - - 2002
A total of 450 1-d-old male broiler chicks were fed a corn-soy-flax meal-based diet (control), two cultivars of sorghum--Ruby Red (low tannin content) and Valpo Red (high tannin content)--were used at 10% level. Birds were slaughtered at the end of 42-d feeding trial. Boneless, skinless breast and thigh muscles were ...
Taylor N L - - 2002
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of a 12-h feed outage at various times prior to slaughter on subsequent broiler performance, live shrink, and processing yields. Broilers were full-fed or subjected to a 12-h feed outage followed by a refeeding period of 12, 24, or 48 h. Bird ...
Sage R B - - 2002
ABSTRACT We studied juvenile common pheasants Phasianus colchicus in 10 large open-topped release pens in woodlands on a shooting estate in southern England in 1998. In six pens the pheasants were fed a pelleted high-protein feed from 6 to 16 wk of age; in the four other pens they were ...
Ponce L E - - 2002
The tilapia industry has grown significantly. Much waste is generated by the industry due to the fact that only the myomere muscles are removed and sold for human consumption. This portion constitutes approximately 36% of the entire fish, leaving 64% of the fish as waste lost during the various processing ...
Huff G R - - 2002
Supplementation with vitamin D3 was previously shown to protect Escherichia coli challenged birds that underwent two dexamethasone (DEX) treatments at 5 and 12 wk of age in an experimental model of turkey osteomyelitis complex (TOC). The purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of dietary supplementation with ...
Ozkan S - - 2002
1. This study compared the development of thermal resistance of the feather coat in broilers, with early or late feathering genes, and with or without the naked neck gene, allowed ad libitum or restricted feeding. 2. Male and female broilers of one of the 4 genotypes were reared to 6 ...
Bennett C D - - 2002
The effect of grain form (whole, mash, or pelleted) on the live performance of broiler chickens was determined. In the first trial, six regimens compared the feeding of whole wheat: 1) 0% of diet for the whole trial (0 to 48 d); 2) 5% at 6 d, 20% at 13 ...
Lemme A - - 2002
Two broiler experiments were conducted to assess the relative bioefficacy of liquid DL-Met hydroxy analog-free acid (MHA-FA) and DL-Met (DLM). Exponential regression analysis was used to determine biological efficacy based on body weight, feed conversion, and carcass responses to dietary Met source. In Trial 1, four graded inclusion levels of ...
Lee J E - - 2002
Although dietary arginine is a factor in immune function and disease resistance, the full range of effects has yet to be described. In this study, the effects of dietary arginine on leukocyte population changes were examined in the peripheral blood and the respiratory tract of chickens inoculated with infectious bronchitis ...
Newkirk R W - - 2002
It is hypothesized that the moisture incorporated into canola meal (CM) during desolventization, as sparge steam, promotes toasting. Elimination of toasting of CM would result in higher digestible amino acid content, but it is not known if it is required to reduce anti-nutritional factors. Therefore, the objectives of this study ...
Blanchard S M - - 2002
Biotelemetry was used to acquire electrocardiograms (ECG) and temperature measurements in a study of male broilers at risk for sudden death syndrome (SDS), a fatal condition that may have underlying cardiovascular mechanisms. Day-old (Day 1) Arbor Acres x Arbor Acres male chicks were randomly assigned to two different diets: control ...
Joffe Daniel J - - 2002
This preliminary study assessed the presence of Salmonella spp. in a bones and raw food (BARF) diet and in the stools of dogs consuming it. Salmonella was isolated from 80% of the BARF diet samples (P < 0.001) and from 30% of the stool samples from dogs fed the diet ...
Dubey J P - - 2002
The susceptibility of budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus) to graded doses of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts was studied. Sixteen budgerigars were divided into 4 groups (A-D) of 4 each. Birds in groups A-C were fed 100,000, 1,000, or 100 infective oocysts of the VEG strain of T. gondii, respectively. Budgerigars in group D ...
Hampson D J - - 2002
Thirty individually caged layer hens were inoculated with Brachyspira intermedia, and 20 control birds remained unchallenged. Birds received a diet containing 100 parts/10(6) zinc bacitracin (ZnB), and were monitored for 10 weeks. B. intermedia was recovered sporadically from five of the inoculated birds, and there were no significant effects on ...
Muir Wendy I - - 2002
The effect of dietary vitamin E on immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibody production, which acts as the first line of defence at the intestinal mucosa, has not been evaluated in chickens. In the present study the impact of the inclusion of supplementary levels of vitamin E to the diet, on total ...
Edwards H M HM - - 2002
Two experiments were conducted using a corn-soybean meal diet that meets or exceeds the NRC (1984) requirements for all nutrients except cholecalciferol (D3) to determine the effectiveness of 1-alpha-hydroxycholecalciferol (1alpha-OHD3) as a substitute for D3 in the diet of young broilers. Ross x Ross mixed-sex, 1-d-old chicks were reared in ...
Kobayashi S - - 2002
1. The effect of dietary chitosan on fat deposition and lipase activity in the small intestinal contents was investigated in broiler chickens fed an adequate or high metabolisable energy (ME) diet. 2. Male broiler chickens at 14 d old were fed on the adequate or high ME diet supplemented with ...
Sarmiento-Franco L - - 2002
The performance and gut measurements of broilers fed on diets containing different amounts of chaya (Cnidoscolus aconitifolius) leaf meal (CLM) were examined in two experiments. In the first experiment, 60 Hubbard chickens (30 males and 30 females; 2 weeks old) were fed on five maize diets; these were formulated using ...
Silva S S P - - 2002
1. A study was undertaken to investigate the susceptibility to peptic digestion of exogenous xylanase (EC 3.2.1.8) from Trichoderma longibrachiatum, added to a rye-based diet for broiler chickens, in order to elucidate its possible site of action. 2. It was also designed to investigate the effects of the enzyme (plus ...
Sandilands V - - 2002
1. The effects of commercial beak trimming on layer pullet behaviour were investigated, with special reference to preening. 2. One-d-old chicks, 96 in all, were housed in 12 litter floor pens, with 8 birds in each, to 20 weeks of age. Approximately one quarter of the beak was trimmed in ...
Urdaneta-Rincon M - - 2002
Four experiments were conducted to evaluate the quantitative and qualitative feed restriction on the performance of male broiler chickens. In the first experiment, broilers fed identical pelleted diets were feed-restricted from 5 to 42 d by giving 95, 90, or 85% of the feed consumed ad libitum by control birds ...
Conway D P - - 2002
The effect of diclazuril medication on the development of natural immunity to Eimeria tenella was determined. Birds in two treatments, nonexposed, non-challenged (NENC) and nonexposed, challenged (NEC), were from a holding group raised under conditions designed to prevent coccidial infection. Birds in five other treatments, from the same hatch and ...
Simoyi Melvin F - - 2002
Birds have high metabolic rates, body temperatures, and plasma glucose concentrations yet physiologically age at a rate slower than comparably sized mammals. These studies were designed to test the hypothesis that the antioxidant uric acid protects birds against oxidative stress. Mixed sex broiler chicks (3 wk old) were fed diets ...
Conway D P - - 2002
A 49-d floor pen study was conducted with broiler chickens to compare the effects of different anticoccidial withdrawal times on the efficacy of 1 ppm diclazuril. The starter diet in three treatments contained 66 ppm salinomycin + 50 ppm roxarsone (3-nitro-4-hydroxyphenylarsonic acid), followed by 1 ppm diclazuril in the grower ...
Abiola S S - - 2002
A study was conducted to investigate the nutritive value of melon husk (MH). Results showed that MH was low in crude protein but very high in crude fibre, ash and ether extract. The elemental analysis showed that MH was also high in calcium and phosphorus content. However, when MH was ...
Neuman S L - - 2002
A 9-mo field trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary L-ascorbic acid (AA) on semen traits of 144 male turkey breeders. Dietary AA treatments were initiated when birds were 30 wk of age. Semen and blood collection began at 32 wk of age. Three treatments with four pens ...
Kocaba─čli N - - 2002
The growth-promoting effect of Farmagülatör DRY Humate (FH) on live performance, carcass weight, and the abdominal fat pad of broilers was studied during different feeding periods. Four hundred, 1-d-old straight-run birds were randomly distributed to 20 floor pens of an environmentally controlled house. Four dietary regimens were replicated in five ...
Ramos-Elorduy Julieta - - 2002
Several dried waste materials from different origins were used as a substrate to grow Tenebrio molitor L. Nutrient/amino acid values differed depending on both larval size/weight and substrate. These larvae were experimentally used as a broiler feedstuff. Seven-day-old chicks of a commercially available strain with an average weight of 126 ...
Gajewska Julitta - - 2002
The current study deals with the possibility of replacing the antibiotic growth stimulator avilamycin, a mixture of oligosaccharides of the orthosomycin group, with the herbal preparations Greenline 1 and 2. The microbiological part of the study embraced examination of the intestinal microflora of broilers. The birds in the study belonged ...
Rosebrough R W - - 2002
Seven day old male broiler chickens were fed diets containing 12, 18 or 24% crude protein + 0 or 1 g methimazole/kg diet for 21 days to examine the interaction of the birds' thyroid status and crude protein levels on metabolism. Methimazole (1-methyl-2-mercaptimidazole) inhibits thyroidal production of thyroid hormones and ...
Marzo F - - 2002
The influence of tannic acid in the rate of growth (BWG), feed intake, protein efficiency ratio, and liver proteolytic activities (cathepsin A and D) were measured in growing male chickens. These birds were fed ad libitum over a 15-d experiment on 20% protein standard diets containing heated soybean (control, C) ...
Wilson J H - - 2001
The effects of dietary nickel (0, 25, 50, 75, 100, and 150 mg/kg) on the bone strength characteristics and performance parameters of male broilers were investigated. Broilers were housed in either cages or floor pens. At 6 wk of age, the shear fracture energy of the tibia from the caged ...
Rosa A P - - 2001
Two experiments were conducted with broiler chicks in battery brooders from 1 to 18 d of age to determine Trp requirements and to evaluate the performance of different genotypes (classic vs. high yield and male vs. female). Experiment 1 was a 6 x 2 factorial experiment, with six levels of ...
Barkley G R - - 2001
1. This paper describes the experimental testing of a model derived from an analysis of published data on the threonine requirements of broiler chickens. The model, published in a separate paper, showed that the age of the bird and dietary crude protein were highly significant determinants of threonine requirements. 2. ...
Steenfeldt S - - 2001
1. An experiment was conducted to examine the variability in chemical composition of 16 wheat cultivars and to study how this variability affected the performance of broiler chickens given diets containing 650 or 815 g wheat/kg diet during the first 3 weeks of life. Intestinal viscosity, apparent fat digestibility and ...
Acar N - - 2001
Appetite suppressant activity of dietary excess Met was investigated in a 7-wk trial for the potential to restrict feed intake and the early growth of broilers as a means of reducing the incidence of ascitic mortality. A basal starter diet meeting the minimum NRC (1994) requirements for broilers was compared ...
Kidd M T - - 2001
A dietary deficiency of Arg may suppress chick immune system functions; however, research evaluating immune function responsiveness of commercial broilers fed dietary Arg levels near NRC (1994) recommendations is sparse. Therefore, three experiments were conducted to evaluate growth and immunity of broilers fed varying Arg levels near NRC (1994) specifications. ...
Hegazy R A - - 2001
Total proteins and protein electrophoresis were made in the sera of broiler chicken (Arber Acres) to evaluate the effect of substitution of basal diet for 4 weeks by either 8% sugar cane bagasse +2% wheat germ or 16% sugar cane bagasse +4% wheat germ whether untreated or incubated with rumen ...
Dänicke S - - 2001
Three diets containing either no supplemented fat (LF), 12% soybean oil (SO) or 12% coconut oil (CO) were fed to broilers to examine energy utilization in two experiments. Heat production and energy retained as fat and protein were measured in the first experiment using a respiration technique in combination with ...
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >