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Results 601 - 650 of 1456
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Gracia M I - - 2003
The influence of heat processing (HP) of barley and enzyme supplementation (ES) of the diet on digestive and performance traits of broilers to 21 d was studied. There were four treatments arranged factorially with two barley-processing treatments (raw or heated), two levels of ES (0 or 500 ppm), and five ...
Lee K W - - 2003
1. The present experiment was conducted to describe the effects of thymol, cinnamaldehyde and a commercial preparation of essential oil components (CRINA Poultry), in female broilers. Feed and water were provided for ad libitum consumption. 2. Feed intake, weight gain and feed:gain ratio were not different among the treatments. Water ...
Drew M D - - 2003
The apparent absorption of 3H-labeled L-Met and L-2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutoanic acid (MHA-FA) was compared in germ-free and conventional broiler chickens to determine the effect of intestinal bacteria on the absorption of Met and MHA-FA. The two diets contained 0.236% of added Met or MHA-FA. Nineteen germ-free birds were maintained in two isolators ...
Von Wettstein D - - 2003
1. A diet with addition to normal barley of malt from transgenic barley expressing a protein engineered, thermotolerant Bacillus (1,3-1,4)-beta-glucanase during germination has previously been demonstrated to provide a broiler chicken weight gain comparable to maize diets. It also reduced dramatically the number of birds with adhering sticky droppings, but ...
Rubio L A - - 2003
1. Two experiments with growing broiler chickens were carried out to study the effects of the inclusion in their diets of whole or dehulled lupin (Lupinus angustifolius) seed meal on productive and physiological parameters. The effects of the addition of a commercial protease (1 g/kg, Bio-Feed Pro, Novo. Nordisk, Madrid) ...
García A R - - 2003
In order to assess ochratoxin A (OA) and T-2 toxin (T-2) binding ability of two commercial sorbents, both in vitro and in vivo trials with broilers were performed. Crude OA and T-2 extracts from contaminated grain were used to assess in vitro binding ability of two sorbents (Zeotek [Zk] and ...
Eits R M - - 2003
1. A study was conducted with modern broiler chicks to test the effects of early life protein nutrition and sex on responses in growth and body composition to dietary protein at a later age. Effects on the incidence of metabolic disorders were also evaluated. 2. From 11 to 26 d ...
Simoyi Melvin F - - 2003
Urate oxidase is not present in birds yet allantoin, a product of this enzyme, has been measured in birds. Studies were designed to compare the concentrations of plasma purine derivatives in chickens and turkeys fed inosine-supplemented diets. The first study consisted of 12 male chicks that were fed diets supplemented ...
Tesseraud S - - 2003
The effect of dietary protein supply on muscle development and circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factors (IGF)-I and -II was examined in chickens selected for increased breast yield and decreased fatness (quality, QL) and in its control line (CL). CL and QL chickens were fed isoenergetic diets containing 121.5 or ...
Applegate T J - - 2003
This experiment determined the effects of different phosphorus (P) feeding programs on total and water-soluble P excretion by broilers. Ross 308, male broilers were fed an industry (IND) diet (0.48, 0.35, 0.31, and 0.30% nonphytate P; NPP), an industry diet with reduced NPP and supplemental phytase [IND + PT; 600 ...
Taylor M L - - 2003
This 42-day experiment was undertaken to compare the nutritional value of insect-protected corn event MON810 (YieldGard) and YieldGard x herbicide-tolerant corn event GA21 (Roundup Ready) to their nontransgenic controls as well as four different commercial reference corns, when fed to growing Cobb x Cobb broilers. A randomized complete block design ...
Gabriel I - - 2003
1. The effects of whole grains of wheat on the digestive tract of broiler chickens was studied. A complete pelleted feed was compared with free choice feeding of whole wheat and a pelleted protein concentrate, given from 7 to 29 d of age. 2. Pepsin activity in proventriculus tissue was ...
Perez-Maldonado R A - - 2003
1. Two broiler experimentss and a layer experiments were conducted on Kunitz trypsin inhibitor (Kti) soybeans (SB) of low trypsin inhibitor (TI) activity to determine their nutritive value when included as mash in least-cost poultry diets. 2. Experiment 1 compared chick performance on the Kti or raw SB using a ...
Wideman R F RF - - 2003
Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) has been used successfully in mammals and birds to alleviate pulmonary hypertension. Experiment 1 was designed to provide measurements of arterial and venous blood-gas values from unanesthetized male broilers subjected to a cool temperature (16 degrees C) challenge and fed either a control diet or the same ...
Odetallah N H - - 2003
The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of a broad-spectrum protease enzyme, PWD-1 keratinase, upon supplementation to corn-soy starter diets on growth performance of broiler chickens. Three experiments were conducted. In each experiment, 1-d-old broiler chicks were randomly assigned to 24 cage pens of eight birds per ...
Heres Lourens - - 2003
In vivo experiments were conducted in order to investigate the passage and bacterial reduction of Salmonella in the crop and gizzard of chickens when fed two different feeds. The chickens were fed dry conventional feed and fermented liquid feed. The fermented feed contains a relatively high concentration of lactic and ...
Brake J - - 2003
A feeding study evaluated whether standard broiler diets prepared with grain derived from Syngenta Seeds NK Brand Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) Corn hybrids had any adverse effects on male or female broiler chickens. Four kinds of corn grain were used in this study: (1) grain from the Bt-expressing field corn hybrid ...
Rosebrough R W - - 2003
Seven-day-old chickens were fed diets containing 18% crude protein + 0 or 1g methimazole/kg to produce either euthyroid or hypothyroid groups of birds at 28 days of age. These two groups were then offered diets containing either 0 or 1mg triiodothyronine (T(3))/kg diet. Birds were sampled at 0, 2, 5, ...
Wolf P - - 2003
The aim of this study was to quantitate feathering in several companion birds. Besides the ratio of feathers to whole body mass, feather length as well as feather weight were of interest. Furthermore, data on feather loss and growth rates were estimated. In general, it could be observed that the ...
Eid Y Z - - 2003
1. The effects of dietary polyphenols (PP) on growth and oxidative stress in the corticosterone (CTC) treated broiler chickens model were studied. 2. Chicks (Cobb strain) were divided into 3 (CTC) x 3 (PP) blocks and given diets containing CTC at concentrations of 0, 10 and 20 mg/kg. 3. The ...
Chen H L - - 2003
Two trials were conducted to study the effects of two Chinese herbal polysaccharides [achyranthan (ACH), a low-molecular-weight polysaccharide, and astragalan (APS), a high-molecular-weight polysaccaride] on the immunity and growth performance of young broilers. Trial 1 was a 28-d growth assay, in which 7-d-old broilers (n = 240) were randomly allotted ...
Taylor M L - - 2003
Two 42-d experiments compared the nutritional value of the glyphosate-tolerant corn event NK603 (Roundup Ready corn) (experiment 1) and the combined traits, insect-protected corn event MON 810 (YieldGard com) x glyphosate-tolerant corn event NK603 (experiment 2) to their respective non-transgenic controls and to commercial reference corn, when fed to growing ...
Kalavathy R - - 2003
1. The effects of a mixture of 12 Lactobacillus strains (LC) on the growth performance, abdominal fat deposition, serum lipids and weight of organs of broiler chickens were studied from 1 to 42 d of age. 2. One hundred and thirty-six 1-d-old male broiler chicks were assigned at random to ...
Ozkan S - - 2003
1. The present study was conducted to determine if detrimental effects of high temperature on broiler performance could be overcome by short-term fasting and to examine the effect of food withdrawal on the responses of two commercial strains (S1 and S2). 2. An experimental design was used with three feeding ...
Corzo A - - 2003
An experiment was conducted to determine arginine need of male broilers between the ages of 42 to 56 d, in conjunction with dietary protein approaching a previously advocated ideal amino acid pattern. Ross x Ross 308 chicks were reared in floor pens (32 pens with 35 birds each) of an ...
Dänicke S - - 2003
1. A growth experiment was carried out with male broilers from d 1 to d 35 of age in order to evaluate the effects of the addition of a detoxifying agent (Mycofix Plus, Biomin GmbH, Herzogenburg, Austria) at different dietary proportions of wheat (0, 16.5, 33, 49.5 and 66%) contaminated ...
Eruvbetine D - - 2003
Experiment 1 was conducted to determine the nutritive quality of cassava tuber leaf concentrate prepared either by mixing cassava tubers and leaves together before grinding or grinding them separately before mixing. Three mixing proportions of 50:50, 60:40 and 80:20 were used. Samples were subjected to either sundrying or oven drying. ...
Daghir N J - - 2003
A series of experiments was conducted to evaluate nutritive value of a high-oil corn (HOC) cultivar, grown under semiarid conditions, and its impact on performance and carcass characteristics of male broilers raised to market age. Conventional corn (CC) and HOC used in this research were produced under similar semi-arid conditions. ...
Perez-Maldonado R A - - 2003
Background - Previous research using broiler chickens in cages indicated that, high levels of selected canola meal (CM) and cottonseed meal (CSM) support satisfactory broiler performance when diets are formulated on a digestible amino acid (DAA) basis. Objective - The present study will provide the poultry industry with practical recommendations ...
Chapman H D - - 2003
The performance of commercial broilers reported by broiler production units in the USA from 1997 to 2001 has been evaluated. There was a linear decrease in calorie conversion (CC) and number of days to produce a 2.27 kg bird (DAYS) but no change in percentage mortality. By contrast, there was ...
Capita Rosa - - 2003
The influence of sample type (i.e., excised versus nonexcised chicken skin) on the efficiency of trisodium phosphate (TSP) solutions in reducing Listeria monocytogenes populations and inhibiting their growth during refrigerated storage was studied. Whole chicken legs and excised chicken leg skin fragments inoculated with 10(8) CFU of L. monocytogenes per ...
Dalloul R A - - 2003
The effect of feeding a Lactobacillus-based probiotic on intestinal intraepithelial lymphocyte (IEL) subpopulations and subsequent protection against coccidiosis was investigated in broiler chickens. Day-old male broilers were fed standard rations without control (CONT) or with a commercial probiotic (PROB) Primalac. Differences in IEL subpopulations were assessed by flow cytometry at ...
Muthukrishnan N - - 2003
In commercial insectaries, large-scale production of rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica Stainton in pearl millet grain medium leads to an extensive accumulation of spent C. cephalonica larval medium (CLM). Experiments were conducted to determine whether inclusion of CLM for corn in the standard broiler diet (SBD) could ensure normal growth and ...
Bryden W L - - 2003
Background - Determining the available amino content of feed ingredients is difficult. However, availability can be estimated from amino acid digestibility coefficients. A number of reports have demonstrated that bird performance is superior when fed diets based on digestible amino acid values during the starter phase. Objective and Design - ...
Sahin Nurhan - - 2003
Melatonin, the major pineal hormone, modulates growth in poultry by influencing hormones involved in growth. We investigated the effects of dietary melatonin supplementation on performance, carcass characteristics, and excretion of nitrogen and some minerals in broiler Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) exposed to high-ambient-temperature stress (34 degrees C). One hundred ...
Malheiros R D - - 2003
Male broiler chickens (aged 21 d) were allowed to chose freely for 14 d between three diets in which only one specific macronutrient (protein, lipid, or carbohydrate) was isocalorically substituted for one other macronutrient, but otherwise (nearly) isocaloric and composed of the same ingredients. The three diets were low protein ...
Digby S N - - 2003
Background - Antibiotic use for disease control in animal production systems, such as the chicken meat broiler industry, has been implicated in the development of antibiotic resistance in humans. As a result, there is increasing interest in the manipulation of nutrition and the development of new vaccination programs to enhance ...
Lázaro R - - 2003
An experiment was conducted to study the influence of enzyme supplementation (ES) to rye-based diets on rate of food passage through the digestive tract, viscosity of jejunum content, volatile fatty acid concentration in ceca, and performance of broilers. There were seven treatments; six diets arranged factorially with three varieties of ...
Knarreborg Ane - - 2002
The effect of dietary fat source (soy oil or a mixture of lard and tallow) and dietary supplementation with antibiotics (a combination of avilamycin at 10 mg kg of feed(-1) and salinomycin at 40 mg kg of feed(-1)) on the bacterial community in the ileum of broiler chickens at different ...
Riggs Shannon M - - 2002
An adult male, double-yellow-head Amazon parrot (Amazona ochrocephala oratrix) was presented with a 36-h history of seizure episodes. On presentation, the bird was slightly obtunded, seizured once for approximately 20 sec and the seizure was controlled with midazolam. Whole body radiographs revealed a 2-mm diameter, circular, dense object in the ...
Bennett C D - - 2002
Live performance to 96 d was compared for 1,584 turkey toms reared on diets containing four levels of whole barley and two levels of insoluble grit (0 or 9 g/bird per wk). Nutrient specifications for all diets were similar. The six dietary treatments were 1) 0% whole barley plus grit, ...
Svihus B - - 2002
1. Birds were fed diets containing ground or whole wheat and titanium dioxide for 10 min, followed by dissection of 4 birds per treatment after 30, 60, 90, 120, 150 and 180 min. 2. The crop, proventriculus and gizzard, duodenum, jejunum, and ileum from each bird were dried and combusted, ...
Rodehutscord M - - 2002
Effects of a supplementation of 80 mg L-carnitine per kg diet were studied in broiler chicken at two dietary levels of fat (4 and 8%) and different feeding levels (ad libitum in a growth trial, 95 and 85% of ad libitum in a balance trial). A low-carnitine basal diet adequate ...
Bizeray D - - 2002
This study investigated the short- and long-term effects of sequential feeding by alternating low-and high-lysine diets during the day on growth, gait score (GS), and behavior in broilers. From Days 2 to 12, 6 pens of 10 birds were assigned to control treatment and fed a standard normal lysine diet ...
Lippens M - - 2002
1. Two experiments were conducted to investigate the influence of compensatory growth, induced by early quantitative food restrictions, on the efficiency of nitrogen-retention in two lines of Ross broilers. 2. Birds were restricted to 80% of the ad libitum intake of the previous 24 h of the control group from ...
Xiang R P - - 2002
1. Three hundred and eighty 1-day-old Arbor Acres broilers were divided into control (A) and experimental (B, C, D, and E) groups. 2. After 14 d of age the experimental groups were subjected to a cool temperature challenge by lowering the temperature 1 to 2 degrees C per day down ...
Pennycott T W - - 2002
Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serotype Typhimurium and Escherchia coli O86:K61:NM are two bacteria that can cause outbreaks of mortality in garden birds visiting bird tables and other feeding stations. Two sites in south-west Scotland were monitored for the two organisms for 12 months. At site A, large numbers of birds ...
Mathlouthi N - - 2002
This study was performed with growing chickens (4 to 22 d of age) to evaluate the effects of feeding a rye-based diet supplemented with commercial enzyme preparation containing xylanase and beta-glucanase (Quatrazyme HP, Nutri-Tomen, France) on small intestine wall morphology, bile acid composition, nutrient digestibility, and bird performance compared with ...
Smith D P - - 2002
An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of bird age, diet (feeds formulated with 69.5% corn, 69.7% milo, or 73.6% wheat), and feed withdrawal times (0 or 8 hours) on color (CIE L*, lightness; a*, redness; and b*, yellowness) of raw broiler breast fillets. Broilers were placed on diets ...
Hooper C L - - 2002
The present study examined the effect of supplemental ascorbic acid (AsA) and ascertained if genotype is a determinant of biosynthesis and the response of strains to dietary AsA. Slow- (Ottawa Meat Control; OMC) and fast-growing (Peterson Enhanced x Hubbard; PEH) chicks were fed 1000 mg/kg AsA from 1 to 10 ...
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