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Results 451 - 500 of 1456
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Dahiya J P - - 2005
Previous studies have reported that intestinal populations of Clostridium perfringens, the causative agent of necrotic enteritis (NE), are correlated with diets high in glycine. To establish a direct causative link, 3 trials were conducted to examine the effect of dietary glycine levels on gut populations of C. perfringens, alpha-toxin production, ...
Deng K - - 2005
1. The carry-over effects of supplementing Leghorn-type chickens with yeast RNA as a dietary source of nucleotides for 4 weeks on growth, lymphoid organ weights and immune responses were assessed in a 12-week study. 2. A commercial starter feed supplemented with 0 (control), 5 (LR) or 10 (HR) g yeast ...
Parks C W - - 2005
Shuttle programs involving dietary supplementation of mannanoligosaccharides (MOS) and virginiamycin (VM) were evaluated in turkeys by their effects on growth performance, body weight uniformity, and carcass yield characteristics. Diets containing no growth promoter (control), VM (22 mg/kg), or a shuttle program (MOS-VM) of MOS (0 to 6 wk of age ...
Cowieson A J - - 2005
1. A total of 1920 Ross broiler chicks were used in a 6 treatment by 8 replicate growth study to investigate the effect of conditioning temperature and exogenous xylanase addition on diet characteristics and bird performance. 2. Increasing conditioning temperature from 80 to 90 degrees C increased the viscosity of ...
Bintvihok Anong - - 2006
This study was undertaken to the study toxic effects of aflatoxins and reducing toxic effects of calcium propionate on performance, hepatic enzyme activities and aflatoxin residues in broilers. Two hundred and seventy 1-day-old hybrid Arbor Acor broiler chickens were fed conventional feed for 3 days. Broilers were then randomly divided ...
Banlunara Wijit - - 2005
The effect of esterified glucomannan on aflatoxin B(1) toxicity in ducklings was studied by immunohistochemical staining of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in hepatic cells on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded liver samples. Cherry Valley ducklings were divided into five groups, 20 birds in each. One of the groups was fed with conventional ...
Olkowski B I - - 2005
This work examines the effects of lupine-based diets on the status of the host's riboflavin and zinc. Test diets contained 35% soybean meal (control) or raw (40%) or dehulled (35%) lupine seed meal and were isocaloric (13.4 MJ of AME/kg) and isonitrogenous (23% crude protein). Each diet was offered ad ...
Mushtaq T - - 2005
One-day-old Starbro male broiler chicks (n = 360) were used to determine the effect of increasing levels of Na+ and Cl- above the NRC (1994) recommendations for growing broilers diets (hatching to 28 d) in extremely hot weather. The average maximum and minimum temperatures recorded were 39 and 32 degrees ...
Hocking P M - - 2005
1. Broiler breeder females were fed restricted allocations of a standard wheat-soy ration to meet target body weights. They were housed on raised plastic slotted floors (S) or wood shavings litter (L) from hatch to 8 weeks when each pen of 12 birds was transferred to another pen in the ...
Geng A L - - 2005
1. One hundred and sixty 1-d-old Arbor Acre male broiler chicks were fed with maize-soybean based diets for 6 weeks in a 2 x 2 factorial experiment. The factors were CoQ10 supplementation (0 or 40 mg/kg) and Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge (LPS or saline). 2. CoQ10 was supplemented from ...
Gonzalez-Esquerra R - - 2005
Two experiments were conducted to determine broiler response to dietary protein during short (1 wk) or prolonged (>3 wk) heat stress (HS). In experiment 1, 21-d-old birds were kept at 20.3 degrees C (thermoneutral; TN), 27.3 degrees C (medium temperature; MT), or 31.4 degrees C (high temperature; HT) and fed ...
Minh D V - - 2005
An experiment was conducted with 192 improved dual-purpose chickens from 4 to 12 weeks of age to evaluate the effects of management system (confinement and scavenging) and amino acid supplementation (with and without lysine and methionine) of a low-protein diet on the feed and nutrient intake, performance and carcase quality ...
Amornthewaphat N - - 2005
Two experiments were conducted to study the effect of corn extrusion and feed form on feed quality and growth performance of broilers. In experiment 1, whole corn was extruded at a water flow rate of 16, 19, and 22 L/h. The experimental design was a completely randomized design with 3 ...
Garriga Carles - - 2006
In chickens, elevated environmental temperature reduces food intake. We have previously reported that, during heat stress, the intestinal mucosa has an increased capacity to take up sugars. To investigate whether the effects of warm environment on sugar uptake are an intestinal adaptation to lower energy intake or a response attributable ...
Huang R L - - 2005
The effect of dietary chitosan oligosaccharides (COS) supplementation on ileal digestibilities of nutrients and performance in broilers was assessed by feeding graded levels (0, 50, 100, 150 mg/kg) of COS. Two thousand four hundred male commercial Avian broilers (1-d-old) were assigned randomly to 5 dietary treatment groups (60 birds per ...
Lordelo M M - - 2005
Use of cottonseed meal in poultry diets has been avoided in large part because of fear of gossypol toxicity. Gossypol exists naturally as a mixture of 2 enantiomers that exhibit different biological activities. Two experiments were conducted to determine the relative toxicity of gossypol enantiomers on broilers. In the first ...
Leeson S - - 2005
Short-chain fatty acids such as butyrate are considered potential alternatives to antibiotic growth promoters. The efficacy of butyric acid on performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens was tested in two studies. The effect of dietary butyrate on the ability to withstand coccidial oocyte challenge also was investigated. In experiment ...
Kidd M T - - 2005
Sex-separate male and female broilers (2,592 broilers; Ross x 708) were placed in 144 floor pens (12 replications per treatment) and fed diets containing high (H) and moderate (M) amino acid density from 1 to 55 d of age. Diets were formulated using ileal digestible amino acid ratios to Lys. ...
Fanatico A C - - 2005
Consumer interest in organic and free-range poultry production is growing. An experiment was conducted to assess the impact of genotype and outdoor access on growth rate and carcass yield. One slow-growing genotype (S), 2 medium-growing genotypes (M1 and M2), and a commercial fast-growing genotype (F) were raised (straight-run) for 81, ...
Sun X - - 2005
A study was carried out to investigate the effects of a drug-free feeding program on broiler performance and intestinal morphology. Chicks vaccinated against coccidia were randomly assigned to 4 dietary treatments: 1) negative control (NC), basal diet; 2) positive control (PC), diet 1 + Lincomycin; 3) program 1 (PG1); diet ...
Shi B L - - 2005
1. Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of dietary chitosan on growth performance, energy availability and protein retention in broilers. 2. Experiment 1 was a 42-d growth assay, in which 294 1-d-old male broilers were given one of 7 dietary treatments. A control feed was supplemented with 5 ...
Jamroz D - - 2005
1. A total of 336 Hubbard Hi-Y broiler hybrids were fed from d 1-41 on diets based on maize or wheat and barley which were supplemented (or not) with 100 mg/kg plant extract consisting of capsaicin, cinnamaldehyde and carvacrol. 2. Body weight was not enhanced, but feed conversion improved by ...
Yurong Yang - - 2005
Sixty chickens were randomly divided into two groups to determine the effect of oral administration of probiotics on the intestinal mucosal immune response and ultrastructure of cecal tonsils. The first group (control) was fed with a basic diet without antibiotic or probiotics. The second group was fed with the same ...
Rodehutscord M - - 2005
We studied whether the availability of P is different among poultry species. A basal diet was mixed mainly based on corn, potato protein, and dried egg white. It was calculated according to the recommendations for young turkeys with the exception of P and Ca concentrations, which were deficient. Monobasic calcium ...
Onderci Muhittin - - 2005
Environmental stress causes adverse effects in performance and antioxidant status of poultry. Dietary chromium supplementation promotes the growth rate and feed efficiency of growing poultry and these beneficial effects of chromium appear to be greater under stress. Biotin, a member of the vitamin B complex, is involved in the metabolism ...
Gil de los Santos J R - - 2005
1. The effect on feed efficiency of two probiotics, one prepared with Saccharomyces boulardii and the other with Bacillus cereus var. toyoii, was tested in broilers infected with Salmonella enteritidis. 2. One-day-old chicks were divided at random into three groups and fed commercial feed devoid of antibiotics: group 1 was ...
Nijdam E - - 2005
Two experiments were completed to observe the combined effects of feed withdrawal and the catching and transport process on stress and energy metabolism. During one experiment 192 male broilers (46 d of age) were used, and in the other we used 240 male broilers (49 d of age). The experiments ...
Rossi F - - 2005
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect on broiler performance of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn containing the Cry1A(b) protein compared with the corresponding near isogenic corn and to analyze the degradation of the Cry1A(b) gene in the digestive tract. Ross male broilers (432) were fed for ...
Lopez G - - 2005
An experiment was conducted to study the utilization of ME by 3 strains of birds with different growth rates: commercial broilers, Plymouth Barred Rocks, and Leghorns. Birds were fed a diet providing 3,100 kcal of ME/kg and 20% CP from 0 to 42 d. ME and nitrogen balance were determined ...
Zhang A W - - 2005
An experiment was conducted with 240, 1-d-old, male broilers to investigate the effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (SC) cell components on the growth performance, meat quality, and ileal mucosa development. There were 4 dietary treatments, each consisting of 6 replicates. Whole yeast (WY), SC extract (YE), and SC cell wall (CW) ...
Thitaram S N - - 2005
A newly developed compound derived by fermentation, isomaltooligosaccharide (IMO), was hypothesized to enrich cecal bifidobacterial populations and reduce colonization levels of Salmonella in the ceca of broiler chickens. Broiler starter diets were prepared with final IMO concentrations of 1% (wt/wt), 2% (wt/wt), and 4% (wt/wt) and a control diet without ...
Swennen Q - - 2005
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of dietary macronutrient ratio on postprandial (5 or 48 h after refeeding) endocrine functioning and metabolites of the intermediary metabolism and to relate these parameters with dietary-induced alterations in energy, protein, and lipid metabolism. Male broilers were reared from 1 ...
Sahin N - - 2005
We evaluated the effects of dietary supplementation with Mg-oxide and Mg-proteinate on performance; nutrient digestibilities; malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations in serum, liver, and thigh meat; and serum cholesterol and triacylglycerol concentrations in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) exposed to high ambient temperature. The birds (n = 360; 10 d old) were ...
Sandilands Victoria - - 2005
Broiler breeders are subjected to quantitative food restriction in order to control their growth, and this restriction is particularly severe during rearing. While such restriction improves some welfare problems associated with ad libitum feeding, it causes others: birds routinely show abnormal oral behaviours and have elevated plasma corticosterone concentration (PCC) ...
Ozer Aytekin - - 2005
In the present study the growth and reproductive organ differences in chickens fed a diet containing 1% red hot pepper (10 g/kg diet) from the first day of age were investigated. In birds fed with the experimental diet it was observed that the abdominal fat content decreased. During the experiment ...
Cruz V C - - 2005
The 13C turnover rates of the liver and thoracic pectoral muscle of growing broilers were determined by feeding diets with varying 13C content. Male chicks (1-d-old) were subjected to treatments based on free choice of 5 different mixes of energy and protein sources from plants with C3 and C4 photosynthetic ...
Kamaruzzaman M - - 2005
The chemical composition of dried papaya (Carica papaya) skin (DPS) was determined and its potential as a dietary ingredient for broiler chickens was investigated at dietary concentrations of 0, 40, 80 and 120g/kg. DPS was found to give similar food consumption, food conversion efficiency, survivability and meat yields (except male ...
Fiorentin Laurimar - - 2005
Bacteriophages isolated from free-range chickens were tested as a therapeutic agent for reducing the concentration of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis phage type 4 (S. Enteritidis PT4) in caeca of broilers. One-day-old broilers infected with S. Enteritidis PT4 by a seeder bird method were orally treated on the seventh day of ...
Deng K - - 2005
The effects of a short-term dietary arginine supplementation after hatching on subsequent growth and the immune system were assessed in growing male Leghorn-type chickens. An arginine-deficient basal diet (67 g/kg) supplemented with 0 (control), 2.7 (LA) or 5.4 (HA) g L-arginine/kg, was offered ad libitum to 1-d-old male ISA Brown ...
Eits R M - - 2005
An economic model was developed that calculates economic optimal dietary balanced protein (DBP) contents for broiler chickens, based on performance input and prices of meat and feed. Input on broiler responses to DBP content (growth rate, feed conversion, carcase yield and breast meat yield) was obtained from the model described ...
Odetallah N H - - 2005
Day-old male broiler chicks were randomly assigned to 32 floor pens in a completely randomized block design and grown to 6 wk of age. Birds in experiment 1 were fed 1 of 2 basal diets supplemented with or without a protease containing feed additive, Versazyme (VZ). The 4 treatments were ...
Fatufe Andrew A - - 2005
Ten diets (196 g CP and 13.0 MJ ME(N)/kg) with graded levels of tryptophan (Trp) between 0.9 and 2.7 g/kg were offered ad libitum to Ross broilers from day 8-21 post-hatch. Each diet was allocated to three pens of ten birds each. In addition to growth and feed conversion, the ...
Pan J Q - - 2005
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of early feed restriction on lipid peroxidation, pulmonary vascular remodelling and ascites incidence in broilers under normal and low ambient temperature. In experiment 1, the restricted birds were fed 8h per day either from 7 to 14 d or from 7 to ...
Goymann Wolfgang - - 2005
During the past several years, the noninvasive measurement of steroid metabolites from mammalian feces and bird droppings has become more and more popular. With an increasing acceptance of the method, investigators may become less aware of the need to validate their assays. It is shown why such validations are essential ...
Applegate T J - - 2005
Two experiments were conducted to determine the nutritional value and impact of dehulled degermed corn (DDC) in diets of broiler chickens. In the first experiment, 4 experimental diets were fed from 14 to 21 d of age with increasing quantities of DDC replacing corn as the sole source of energy ...
Sieo C C - - 2005
Two experiments were conducted to study the effects of beta-glucanase produced by transformed Lactobacillus strains on the intestinal characteristics and feed passage rate of broiler chickens fed barley-based diets. Supplementation of transformed Lactobacillus strains to the diet of chickens significantly (P < 0.05) reduced the intestinal fluid viscosity by 21 ...
Balseiro A - - 2005
A total of 2,465 seabirds, mainly common murres (Uria aalge), razorbills (Alca torda), and puffins (Fratercula arctica) that beached in the northwestern part of Spain after the "Prestige" oil spill on 19 November 2002 were examined by pathological methods. Birds were divided into three groups: dead birds with the body ...
Taylor M L - - 2005
A 42-d feeding experiment with growing Ross x Ross 508 broilers showed that the nutritional value of insect-protected and herbicide-tolerant corn was comparable to that of the genetically similar control and 5 commercial reference corn hybrids. MON 88017 provides protection from feeding damage by coleopteran pest corn rootworm and is ...
Skallerup Per - - 2005
Three on-farm studies were conducted in Nicaragua during three consecutive years (1999-2001) to assess the impact of natural helminth infections on growth performance of free-range chickens aged 3-4 months. On all participating farms, half of the chickens were treated regularly with anthelmintics (Trifen avicola - a combined formulation of piperazine, ...
Aeschbacher K - - 2005
A genetically modified Bt176 corn hybrid, which contains an insecticidal protein against the European corn borer, and its conventional, nonmodified counterpart were evaluated in 4 separate trials to verify substantial equivalence in feeding value and animal performance. Thirty-six individually kept laying hens and 3 replicates of 94 broiler chickens each, ...
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