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de Bari Ornella O Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, - - 2014
Oestrogen is an important risk factor for cholesterol cholelithiasis not only in women of childbearing age taking oral contraceptives and postmenopausal women undergoing hormone replacement therapy, but also in male patients receiving oestrogen therapy for prostatic cancer. In women, hormonal changes occurring during pregnancy markedly increase the risk of developing ...
Wang Jing-Min JM Department of General Surgery, Institute for Minimally Invasive Surgery, Zhongda Hospital Southeast University, Medical School of Southeast University, 87 Ding Jia Qiao, Nanjing, 210009, Jiangsu, China, - - 2014
As a cholesterol-induced metabolic disease, cholesterolosis of the gallbladder is often resected clinically, which could lead to many complications. The histopathology of cholesterolosis is due to excessive lipid droplet accumulation in epithelial and subcutaneous tissues. The main components of lipid droplets are cholesterol esters (CEs). Removal of CEs from gallbladder ...
García-Vieyra María Isabel MI 1 Departamento de Biotecnología y Bioquímica, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Unidad de Biotecnología e Ingeniería Genética de Plantas , Irapuato, Guanajuato, México - - 2014
Abstract In this study we investigate the effect that Agave fructans as new prebiotics have on mineral absorption improvement. Forty-eight 12-week-old C57BL/6J mice were used in this study. Forty mice were ovariectomized and eight were sham-operated controls. Mice were fed standard diets or diets supplemented with 10% Agave fructans or ...
Rotaru Amelia-Elena AE Department of Microbiology, University of Massachusetts Amherst - - 2014
Direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) is potentially an effective form of syntrophy in methanogenic communities, but little is known about the diversity of methanogens capable of DIET. The ability of Methanosarcina barkeri, to participate in DIET was evaluated in co-culture with Geobacter metallireducens. Co-cultures formed aggregates that shared electrons via ...
Cao Hung H Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States; Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, School of Medicine, University of California, United - - 2013
Flexible electronics have enabled catheter-based intravascular sensing. However, real-time interrogation of unstable plaque remains an unmet clinical challenge. Here, we demonstrate the feasibility of stretchable electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) sensors for endoluminal investigations in New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits on diet-induced hyperlipidemia. A parylene C (PAC)-based EIS sensor mounted on ...
Liebi Marianne - - 2013
Lanthanides are used since several decades to increase the magnetic alignability of bicelles. DMPE-DTPA (1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-ethanolamine-diethylenetri-aminepentaacetate) is commonly applied to anchor the lanthanides into the bicelles. However, since DMPE-DTPA has the tendency to accumulate at the highly curved edge region of the bicelles and if located there does not contribute to ...
Müllertz Anette - - 2013
Studies on the characterization of ascending colonic fluids are scarce, limited to physicochemical characterization of their composition, and little is known for the morphology of the produced colloidal phases. In an attempt to gain insights for their structure at the ultrastructural level, samples from the lumen of ascending colon were ...
Bayram Fahri - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess relationship of insulin resistance, oxidant-antioxidant status, endothelial dysfunction, lipid metabolism, and their contribution to the risks of cardiovascular disease in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Forty-five women with PCOS and 17 healthy women were included in this study. Nitric oxide (NO), ...
Cassolla Priscila - - 2011
Blood metabolic parameters of Walker-256 tumour-bearing rats, on days 5, 8, 11 and 14 after implantation of tumour, were compared with those of rats without tumour fed ad libitum (free-fed control) or with reduced feeding (pair-fed control), similar to the anorexic tumour-bearing rats. Cachexia parameters and tumour mass also were ...
Uda Sabrina - - 2011
Tumour are characterised by a high content of cholesteryl esters (CEs) stored in lipid droplets purported to be due to a high rate of intracellular esterification of cholesterol. To verify whether and which pathways involved in CE accumulation are essential in tumour proliferation, the effect of CE deprivation, from both ...
Fataar Shadley - - 2011
Inguinal canal lipomas are a frequent, often unrecognised finding on abdominopelvic CT. Commonly referred to as spermatic cord or round ligament lipomas, they are not true tumours of fat but are extrusions of extraperitoneal fat into the inguinal canal. Their fat content and shared location in the inguinal canal result ...
Sun Xueying - - 2011
Milk fat is a natural product containing essential nutrients as well as fatty acids and other food factors with reported anti-cancer potential. Here bovine milk fat was tested for its ability to inhibit the growth of breast and colon cancers and their metastasis to the lung and liver; either alone ...
Couturier Karine - - 2011
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of cinnamon on glycogen synthesis, related gene expression, and protein levels in the muscle and liver using an animal model of insulin resistance, the high-fat/high-fructose (HF/HFr) diet-fed rat. Four groups of 22 male Wistar rats were fed for 12 weeks ...
Rani Rita - - 2011
Breast cancer is a leading cause of cancer death in women; dietary fat is the one of the factors that influences its incidence. In the present study we investigated the effect of feeding cow ghee versus soybean oil on 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) induced mammary cancer in rat and expression of cyclooxygenase-2 ...
Matzkin Luciano M - - 2011
We examined the effects of 3 diets differing in their relative levels of sugar and protein on development and metabolic pools (protein, TG, and glycogen) among sets of isofemale lines of 2 ecologically distinct Drosophila species, D. melanogaster and D. mojavensis. Our high protein:sugar ratio diet contained 7.1% protein and ...
Chaosap C - - 2011
The current experiment was designed to examine if a compensatory feed regime influenced storage of glycogen forms, activity of proteolytic systems and meat quality. Female pigs (Large White x Landrace x Duroc cross) of initial age 74 d were allocated to 6 feeding treatment groups (n = 8 for each ...
Theil P K - - 2011
The experiment was conducted to assess the effects of maternal nutrition in late gestation on glycogen pools of newborn piglets of different birth weights and to assess how rapid the glycogen pools in liver and 3 muscles are mobilized during fasting. Until d 108 of gestation, 48 sows were fed ...
Srivastava Rai Ajit K - - 2010
Cholesterol ester transfer protein (CETP) and apolipoprotein (apo) E are important in peroxisome proliferation activated receptor-α (PPAR-α)-mediated regulation of lipoprotein metabolism. Therefore, popularly used apolipoprotein E knockout mice are not suitable to evaluate PPAR-α agonists. In this study, we aimed to: a) evaluate hamster as a model for insulin resistance, ...
Zaiden N - - 2010
Present study aimed to elucidate the suppression of serum lipids by gamma- and delta-tocotrienol (γδT3). The lipid-lowering effects of γδT3 were investigated using HepG2 liver cell line, hypercholesterolemic mice and borderline-high cholesterol patients. In-vitro results demonstrated two modes of action. First, γδT3 suppressed the upstream regulators of lipid homeostasis genes ...
Le Bloc'h Jérôme - - 2010
Apolipoprotein B100 (apoB100) is an essential component of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL), both independent markers of cardiovascular risk. Nicotinic acid (NA) is an efficacious drug for decreasing VLDL and LDL, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. For this purpose, six obese insulin-resistant dogs were given ...
Sniderman Allan - - 2010
Conventionally, atherogenic dyslipidemias have been defined by elevated levels of triglyceride and/or LDL cholesterol. However, cholesterol and triglycerides are not metabolically and physically independent entities. Rather, they are constituents of the atherogenic apolipoprotein B (apoB) particles, which differ in their origin and their metabolic function. Moreover, the risk of vascular ...
Ooi Esther M M - - 2010
The effect of apolipoprotein (apo) E genotype on apoB-100 metabolism was examined in three normolipidemic apoE2/E2, five type III hyperlipidemic apoE2/E2, and five hyperlipidemic apoE3/E2 subjects using simultaneous administration of (131)I-VLDL and (125)I-LDL, and multi-compartmental modeling. Compared with normolipidemic apoE2/E2 subjects, type III hyperlipidemic E2/E2 subjects had increased plasma and ...
K?sk?-Kiraz Z - - 2010
Hypercholesterolemia and lipid peroxidation play complementary role in atherosclerosis. Artichoke leaf extract (ALE) is rich in natural antioxidants and has a cholesterol-reducing effect. However, there is no study investigating the effect of ALE on lipid levels and lipid peroxidation in experimental hypercholesterolemic conditions. Rats were fed on 4% (w/w) cholesterol ...
Kumar Vishnu - - 2010
The present study was carried out to explore the anti-diabetic, anti-dyslipoproteinemic and anti-oxidant activities of Anthocephalus indicus root extract in alloxan-induced (150 mg/kg body wt.) diabetic rats. A marked increase in plasma levels of glucose and lipid peroxides accompanied with an elevation in the lipids and apoprotein levels of serum ...
Duvillard Laurence - - 2010
CONTEXT: Oral contraceptives with estrogen plus progestin are likely to influence apolipoprotein B (apoB)-containing lipoprotein metabolism by changing the expression of different enzymes or receptors that play a major role in this metabolism. However, the precise changes in apoB kinetic parameters induced by oral contraceptives that are now currently used ...
Chan Dick C - - 2010
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is highly prevalent in obese and type 2 diabetic individuals and is strongly associated with dyslipidemia and inflammation. Weight loss and/or pharmacotherapy are commonly used to correct these abnormalities. We performed a 16-week intervention trial of a hypocaloric, low-fat diet plus 10 mg/day ezetimibe (n = ...
Ren Jie - - 2010
AIMS: Few studies have examined very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol as an independent risk factor of coronary heart disease (CHD) or its combined effects with coexisting cardiac risk factors. The current study examined the association between VLDL cholesterol and the risk of future CHD events. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study reports ...
Sokolov Alexej V - - 2010
The first evidence of multi-component complexes formed by myeloperoxidase (MPO), ceruloplasmin (CP), and very low/low density lipoproteins (VLDL/LDL) obtained by electrophoresis, gel filtration, and photon-correlation spectroscopy (PCS) is presented in this paper. Complexes were observed when isolated MPO, CP, and VLDL/LDL were mixed and/or when MPO was added to the ...
Chan Dick C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between liver fat content and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)-apolipoprotein (apo) B-100 kinetics and the corresponding responses to weight loss in obese subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS: VLDL-apoB-100 kinetics were assessed using stable isotope tracers, and the fat content of the liver and abdomen was determined by ...
Krzystanek Marcin - - 2010
The ability to produce apolipoprotein (apo) B-containing lipoproteins enables hepatocytes, enterocytes, and cardiomyocytes to export triglycerides. In this study, we examined secretion of apoB-containing lipoproteins from mouse kidney and its putative impact on triglyceride accumulation in the tubular epithelium. Mouse kidney expressed both the apoB and microsomal triglyceride transfer protein ...
Blad? Cinta - - 2010
Proanthocyanidins are the most abundant polyphenols in human diets. Epidemiological studies strongly suggest that proanthocyanidins protect against cardiovascular diseases. Despite the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of these flavonoids, one of the mechanisms by which proanthocyanidins exert their cardiovascular protection is improving lipid homeostasis. Animal studies demonstrate that proanthocyanidins reduce the ...
Krupková Michaela - - 2010
Dexamethasone (DEX) is known to induce diabetes and dyslipidemia. We have compared fasting triacylglycerol and cholesterol concentrations across 20 lipoprotein fractions and glucose tolerance in control (standard diet) and DEX-treated 7-month-old males of two rat strains, Brown Norway (BN) and congenic BN.SHR-(Il6-Cd36)/Cub (BN.SHR4). These two inbred strains differ in a ...
Skoog Maria - - 2010
Apolipoprotein B (apoB) containing lipoproteins, i.e. VLDL, LDL and Lp(a), are consequently lowered by ACTH treatment in humans. This is also seen as reduced plasma apoB by 20-30% and total cholesterol by 30-40%, mostly accounted for by a decrease in LDL-cholesterol. Studies in hepatic cell line (HepG2) cells showed that ...
LeCheminant James D - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study compared LDL, HDL, and VLDL subclasses in overweight or obese adults consuming either a reduced carbohydrate (RC) or reduced fat (RF) weight maintenance diet for 9 months following significant weight loss. METHODS: Thirty-five (21 RC; 14 RF) overweight or obese middle-aged adults completed a 1-year weight management ...
Zago V - - 2010
The close association between nonalcoholic fatty liver and insulin resistance is now widely recognized. While the former is characterized by excessive intrahepatic triglyceride accumulation, the latter induces overproduction of very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) particles. It has not been well elucidated whether these apparently opposite mechanisms impact on VLDL characteristics or not. ...
Thomas Tiffany - - 2010
As new studies demonstrate that lower levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) reduce cardiovascular disease, and as goals for LDL-C in high-risk individuals are reduced further and further, reaching those goals becomes more difficult for a significant percentage of the population. New therapeutic approaches to lower LDL-C would, therefore, be ...
Shinohara Akiko - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the fat-loading effect of the classic 1-wk glycogen-loading regimen histologically in rats and physiologically in humans. In the rat and human studies, an exhaustive swimming exercise and cycle ergometer exercise were loaded on day 1 of a 6-d feeding period, respectively. Thereafter, ...
Conklin Daniel J DJ Diabetes and Obesity Center, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202, USA. - - 2010
Aldehydes such as acrolein are ubiquitous pollutants present in automobile exhaust, cigarette, wood, and coal smoke. Such aldehydes are also constituents of several food substances and are present in drinking water, irrigation canals, and effluents from manufacturing plants. Oral intake represents the most significant source of exposure to acrolein and ...
Shah Ashish - - 2010
Metabolic syndrome, diabetes and obesity are frequently associated with hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia and low HDL levels, a phenotype known as atherogenic dyslipidemia. Atherogenic dyslipidemia and hypertriglyceridemia are frequently treated with fibric acid derivatives which activate the nuclear receptor PPAR-alpha leading to reduce plasma triglycerides and an increase in HDL cholesterol levels. ...
Tetali Sarada D SD Department of Plant Sciences, School of Life Sciences, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500 046, India. - - 2010
Our previous work indicated that apolipoprotein (apo) E4 assumes a more expanded conformation in the postprandial period. The postprandial state is characterized by increased VLDL lipolysis. In this article, we tested the hypothesis that VLDL lipolysis products increase VLDL particle fluidity, which mediates expansion of apoE4 on the VLDL particle. ...
Mendivil Carlos O CO Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, - - 2010
We aimed to clarify the influence of apolipoprotein C-III (apoCIII) on human apolipoprotein B metabolism. We studied the kinetics of 4 very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) types containing: (1) otherApos-CIII-: none of apoCIII, apoAII, apoCI, apoCII, or apoE; (2) otherApos+CIII-: no apoCIII but at least ...
Chasman Daniel I DI Donald W. Reynolds Center for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America. - - 2009
While conventional LDL-C, HDL-C, and triglyceride measurements reflect aggregate properties of plasma lipoprotein fractions, NMR-based measurements more accurately reflect lipoprotein particle concentrations according to class (LDL, HDL, and VLDL) and particle size (small, medium, and large). The concentrations of these lipoprotein sub-fractions may be related to risk of cardiovascular disease ...
Al-Sarraj T - - 2010
Carbohydrate restriction (CR) has been shown to improve dyslipidemias associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS). We evaluated the effects of CR on lipoprotein subfractions and apolipoproteins in Emirati adults classified with the MetS. 39 subjects (15 men/24 women) were randomly allocated to a CR diet [20-25% energy from carbohydrate (CHO)] for ...
Wiersma Harmen - - 2010
Scavenger receptor BI (SR-BI) is a selective uptake receptor for HDL cholesterol but is also involved in the catabolism of apolipoprotein (apo)B-containing lipoproteins. However, plasma levels of apoB-containing lipoproteins increase following hepatic SR-BI overexpression, suggesting that SR-BI not solely mediates their catabolism. We therefore tested the hypothesis that hepatic SR-BI ...
Cano Ainara - - 2009
The overproduction of very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) is a characteristic feature of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of this study was to use a high-fat diet-induced model of NAFLD in rats to investigate 1) the influence of the disease on hepatic VLDL processing in the endoplasmic reticulum and 2) ...
Brackenridge A L - - 2009
AIMS: Previous studies have suggested that plasma lipids are affected differently by the peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma agonists pioglitazone and rosiglitazone. The aim of this study was to perform a quantitative lipoprotein turnover study to determine the effects of PPAR-gamma agonists on lipoprotein metabolism. METHODS: Twenty-four subjects with Type 2 ...
Warodomwichit Daruneewan - - 2009
The transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) has been recently associated with diabetes risk, and it may exert its effect through metabolic syndrome (MetS)-related traits and be subjected to modification by environmental factors. We investigated the effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP), rs7903146 and rs12255372, within the TCF7L2 locus on postprandial ...
Caviglia Jorge M JM Rutgers Center for Lipid Research, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, - - 2009
Lipolysis of stored triacylglycerols provides lipid precursors for the assembly of apolipoprotein B (apoB) lipoproteins in hepatocytes. Abhydrolase domain containing 5 (ABHD5) is expressed in liver and facilitates the lipolysis of triacylglycerols. To study the function of ABHD5 in lipoprotein secretion, we silenced the expression of ABHD5 in McA RH7777 ...
Niemi Jaakko - - 2009
There is an unmet need for a straightforward and cost-effective assessment of multiple lipoprotein risk factors for vascular diseases. 1) To study the relation of various lipoprotein lipid and apolipoprotein (apo) measures on the Friedewald inputs, i.e. plasma triglycerides (TG), cholesterol (TC), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). 2) To build ...
Paulo Danilo N S - - 2009
Spleen removal may be recommended during organ transplantation in ABO-incompatible recipients as well as for hypoperfusion of the grafted liver, besides conventional surgical indications, but elevation of serum lipids has been observed in certain contexts. Aiming to analyze the influence of two dietary regimens on lipid profile, an experimental study ...
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