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Spite Matthew M Center for Experimental Therapeutics and Reperfusion Injury, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Harvard Institutes of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Disruptions in cholesterol homeostasis contribute to cardiovascular disease (CVD). In a recent issue of Cell Metabolism, Demetz et al. (2014) report that endogenous lipoxygenase-mediated metabolism of another lipid, arachidonic acid, produces lipoxins that regulate reverse cholesterol transport. These results suggest that lipoxins may represent a novel class of therapeutics for CVD.
Plourde I A IA The Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
Propagation of genetically diverse felid populations would benefit from more effective assisted reproduction strategies, including enhanced methods for sperm cryopreservation. In felids, sperm cryopreservation has been improved by substituting soy-lecithin for egg yolk in cryomedium (Vick et al. 2012 Theriogenology 78, 2120-2128). In other species, such as elephants (Kiso et ...
Papa F O FO Department of Animal Reproduction and Veterinary Radiology, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, UNESP, Botucatu, SP, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrin on the quality and fertility of stallion frozen semen. Three ejaculates from each of 4 stallions were used. The semen was diluted (1:1) with a skim milk-based extender (Botu-Semen(TM), Botupharma, Brazil). The samples were divided into ...
O'Dea R E RE Evolution, Ecology and Genetics, Research School of Biology, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, - - 2014
Sperm number is an important predictor of paternity when there is sperm competition. Sperm number is often measured as maximum sperm reserves, but in species where mating is frequent, males will often be replenishing their reserves. Thus, variation in how quickly males can produce sperm is likely to be important ...
Strata Fabrizio F Dept. of Reproductive Science, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA Dept. Neuroscience, Med. School, Parma University, Parma, - - 2014
Preimplantation culture of mouse embryos has been suggested to result in reduced anxiety-like behavior in adulthood. Here, we investigated the effects of in vitro fertilization (IVF), embryo culture, and different diets on anxiety-like behavior using the elevated plus maze (EPM). We hypothesized that exposure to suboptimal conditions during the preimplantation ...
Iaffaldano N N Department of Agricultural, Environmental and Food Sciences, University of Molise, via De Sanctis snc, 86100 Campobasso, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study was designed to identify the most effective non-permeable cryoprotectant (CPA) for the cryopreservation of rabbit semen by comparing the effects of different concentrations of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) on post-thaw sperm quality with those of whole egg yolk or sucrose. In a second experiment, the performance of the non-permeable ...
Macías García Beatriz B B Macías García, Centro de Estudos de Ciência Animal (CECA), University of Extremadura, Porto, Portugal - - 2014
Repeatable methods for in vitro fertilization have not been established in the horse, reflecting the failure of standard capacitating media to induce changes required for fertilization capacity in equine sperm. One important step in capacitation is membrane cholesterol efflux, which in other species is triggered by cholesterol oxidation and is ...
Shahverdi A A Department of Embryology, Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
Frozen-thawed rooster semen is not reliable for use in artificial insemination in commercial stocks. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) has been assessed for effectiveness as a cryoprotectant in the extender to improve the quality of frozen-thawed rooster semen. Although LDL has been evaluated in a few studies in other species for semen ...
Sun B B a College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University , Guangzhou - - 2014
Abstract 1. This study assessed the effects of lycopene on the antioxidant capacity, biochemical parameters, and immune organ index of breeding hens following lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection. 2. The study had a 2×2 factorial design. Healthy Xing-hua breeding hens (720) were divided into groups with 6 replicates per group and 30 ...
Hu Xu - - 2014
Cholesterol is an essential component of brain and nerve cells and is essential for maintaining the function of the nervous system. Epidemiological studies showed that patients suffering from anxiety disorders have higher serum cholesterol levels. In this study, we investigated the influence of high cholesterol diet on anxiety-like behavior in ...
Dias Irundika H K IH *Life and Health Sciences and Aston Research Centre for Healthy Ageing, Aston University, Aston Triangle, Birmingham B4 7ET, - - 2014
Blood cholesterol levels are not consistently elevated in subjects with age-related cognitive decline, although epidemiological studies suggest that Alzheimer's disease and cardiovascular diseases share common risk factors. These include the presence of an unusual genetic variant, the APOE4 (apolipoprotein E4) allele, which modulates LDL (low-density lipoproteins) metabolism, increases free radical ...
Reis L S L S LS Department of Animal Nutrition and Food Science, University of Santo Amaro, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; Department of Animal Reproduction and Veterinary Radiology, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, São Paulo State University, Botucatu, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effect of dietary manganese (Mn(2+)) supplementation on the reproductive performance of Nelore bulls was evaluated by assessment of sperm membrane integrity. Sixty Nelore bulls (Bos taurus indicus) aged 18-20mo were randomly divided into four groups (n=15) receiving dietary Mn(2+) supplementation at 540, 1300, 3800 and 6300mg/kg (treatments TC, T1300, ...
Knudsen Knud Erik Bach KE Aarhus University, Department of Animal Science, Blichers Allé 20, DK-8830 Tjele, Denmark - - 2014
The current paper reviews content and variation in fiber and nonstarch polysaccharides (NSP) of common crops used in broiler diets. The cereal grain is a complex structure, and its cell walls (CW) differ in their composition and hence properties. Arabinoxylan (AX), mixed linkage (1→3; 1→4)-β-glucan (β-glucan), cellulose, and the noncarbohydrate ...
Katsiki Niki N 2nd Propedeutic Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Hippocration Hospital, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Abstract Achieving low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goals in clinical practice is still unsatisfactory. Furthermore, a significant residual risk remains, even after reaching LDL-C targets, in terms of both fasting and postprandial triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (quantity and quality)and small dense LDL particles. Statins are the first choice for treating lipid ...
Alvarez-Llamas G G IIS-Fundacion Jimenez Diaz, Immunology, Madrid, - - 2014
Search of progression and recovery markers in atherosclerosis disease. An animal model of early atherosclerosis was done in rabbits fed with different diets, regular diet and cholesterol-rich (control and pathological group). Urine samples from animals were analyzed in the search for alterations of the proteome and metabolome (by 2DE-DIGE and ...
Ríos Antonio García - - 2014
Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) are considered as an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD), while high-density lipoproteins (HDL) are well recognized for their putative role in reverse cholesterol transport and other atheroprotective functions. Both LDL and HDL are heterogeneous in nature, including various subfractions depending on the method of isolation ...
Ji Yewei Y Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, - - 2014
Chronic intake of Western diet has driven an epidemic of obesity and metabolic syndrome, but how it induces mortality remains unclear. Here, we show that chronic intake of a high-fat diet (HFD), not a low-fat diet, leads to severe pulmonary damage and mortality in mice deficient in Toll-like receptors 2 ...
Salas-Salvadó Jordi J From the Human Nutrition Unit, Saint Joan Hospital, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Institut d'Investigacio Sanitaria Pere Virgili, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain (JS-S, MG-F, and MB); CIBERobn Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition, Institute of Health Carlos III, Madrid, Spain (JS-S, MG-F, and MB); and the Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA - - 2014
Nuts are rich in many bioactive compounds that can exert beneficial effects on cardiovascular health. We reviewed the evidence relating nut consumption and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components. Nuts reduce the postprandial glycemic response; however, long-term trials of nuts on insulin resistance and glycemic control in diabetic individuals ...
Mangels Ann Reed AR From The Vegetarian Resource Group, Baltimore, - - 2014
The process of bone mineralization and resorption is complex and is affected by numerous factors, including dietary constituents. Although some dietary factors involved in bone health, such as calcium and vitamin D, are typically associated with dairy products, plant-based sources of these nutrients also supply other key nutrients involved in ...
Sanders Thomas Ab TA From the Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences Division, School of Medicine, King's College London, London, United - - 2014
Plants provide α-linolenic acid [ALA; 18:3n-3 (18:3ω-3)], which can be converted via eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5n-3) to docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n-3), which is required for normal visual and cognitive function. Dietary ALA is provided mainly by vegetable oils, especially soybean and rapeseed oils, but is destroyed by partial hydrogenation; it ...
Messina Virginia V From Nutrition Matters Inc, Port Townsend, - - 2014
Dried beans (often referred to as grain legumes) may contribute to some of the health benefits associated with plant-based diets. Beans are rich in a number of important micronutrients, including potassium, magnesium, folate, iron, and zinc, and are important sources of protein in vegetarian diets. In particular, they are among ...
Hussain M Mahmood MM aDepartment of Cell Biology bDepartment of Pediatrics, SUNY Downstate Medical Center cVA New York Harbor Healthcare System, Brooklyn, New York, - - 2014
To summarize the evidence for the presence of two lipid absorption pathways and their regulation. Lipid absorption involves hydrolysis of dietary fat in the lumen of the intestine, followed by the uptake of hydrolyzed products by enterocytes. Lipids are resynthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum and are either secreted with chylomicrons ...
Qiao Yi Y State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China. - - 2014
Recent studies have investigated the anti-obesity effect of resveratrol, but the pathways through which resveratrol resists obesity are not clear. In the present study, we hypothesize that resveratrol exerts anti-obesity effects that are likely mediated by mechanisms of regulating gut microbes, and in turn, improving fat storage and metabolism. Gut ...
García-de Blas Esther E Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos, IREC (CSIC, UCLM, JCCM), Ronda de Toledo s/n, 13071, Ciudad Real, Spain, - - 2014
Carotenoids are organic pigments involved in several important physiological functions and may serve as indicators of individual quality in animals. These pigments are only obtained by animals from the diet, but they can be later transformed into other carotenoids by specific enzymatic reactions. The diet of farm-reared and probably wild ...
Mahmood Shereen N - - 2014
The prevalence of adult acne in the US appears to be increasing over the last few decades. But what's behind the rise: is it nature or nurture? We are well aware that genetics can strongly influence a patient's risk of developing acne. However, significant changes in germline genetic variants are ...
Prentice Andrew M AM Medical Research Council International Nutrition Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United - - 2014
Intakes of dairy produce show enormous diversity between regions, cultures, and individuals around the world. At the geographic level, intake maps closely onto the distribution of lactase persistence (LP), a genetic trait that allows milk to be consumed beyond the weaning period without gastrointestinal side effects. The LP trait has ...
Park C W CW Dept. of Food, Bioprocessing and Nutrition Sciences, Southeast Dairy Foods Research Center, North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC, 27695, - - 2014
Dried dairy ingredients are utilized in various food and beverage applications for their nutritional, functional, and sensory properties. Dried dairy ingredients include milk powders of varying fat content and heat treatment and buttermilk powder, along with both milk and whey proteins of varying protein contents. The flavor of these ingredients ...
Morzycki Jacek W JW Institute of Chemistry, University of Białystok, Hurtowa 1, 15-399 Białystok, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
This review article presents advances in cholesterol chemistry since 2000. Various transformations (chemical, enzymatic, electrochemical, etc.) of cholesterol are presented. A special emphasis is given to cholesterol oxidation reactions, but also substitution of the 3β-hydroxyl group, addition to the C5-C6 double bond, C-H functionalization, and C-C bond forming reactions are ...
Dickinson Annette - - 2014
Dietary supplements are used by half to two-thirds of American adults, and the evidence suggests that this usage is one component of a larger effort to develop a healthier lifestyle. Dietary supplement users tend on average to be better educated and to have somewhat higher incomes than nonusers, and these ...
Levy Emile E Research Center, Sainte-Justine UHC, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3T 1C5; Department of Nutrition, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3T 1J4; Canadian Institutes for Health Research Team on the Digestive Epithelium, Department of Anatomy and Cellular Biology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada, J1H 5N4. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the intracellular secretory network, nascent proteins are shuttled from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi by transport vesicles requiring Sar1b, a small GTPase. Mutations in this key enzyme impair intestinal lipid transport and cause chylomicron retention disease. The main aim of this study was to assess whether Sar1b overexpression ...
Gesch Bernard B University of Oxford, - - 2014
Adolescence is often associated with exploring boundaries, rapid growth, hormones and pimples. A stable feature of this turbulent age is that these young people are highly over-represented in the criminal justice system. Adolescents account for disproportionate proportion of police-recorded crimes, and this seems to be a cross-cultural phenomenon. Furthermore, disaffected ...
Willcox Donald Craig DC Okinawa International University, Department of Human Welfare, 2-6-1 Ginowan, Okinawa, Japan 901-2701; Department of Geriatric Medicine, University of Hawaii, HPM-9, 347N. Kuakini Street, Honolulu HI. 96817; Department of Research, Kuakini Medical Center, 347N. Kuakini Street, Honolulu HI. - - 2014
The traditional diet in Okinawa is anchored by root vegetables (principally sweet potatoes), green and yellow vegetables, soybean-based foods, and medicinal plants. Marine foods, lean meats, fruit, medicinal garnishes and spices, tea, alcohol are also moderately consumed. Many characteristics of the traditional Okinawan diet are shared with other healthy dietary ...
Schauer Christine C Department of Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Marburg, Germany ; LOEWE Center for Synthetic Microbiology, SYNMIKRO, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Marburg, - - 2014
Although blattid cockroaches and termites share a common ancestor, their diets are distinctly different. While termites consume a highly specialized diet of lignocellulose, cockroaches are omnivorous and opportunistic feeders. The role of the termite gut microbiota has been studied intensively, but little is known about the cockroach gut microbiota and ...
Weinreich Michael M From the Departments of Medicine, North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System/Hofstra University School of Medicine, Manhasset, New York and *New York Medical College/Westchester Medical Center, Valhalla, New - - 2014
Hyperlipidemia is a major cause of cardiovascular disease despite the availability of first-line cholesterol lowering agents such as statins. A new therapeutic approach to lowering low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) acts by blocking LDL-receptor degradation by serum proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin 9 (PCSK9). Humanized monoclonal antibodies which target PCSK9 and its interaction ...
Oldoni Federico F From the Departments of Molecular Genetics (F.O., J.A.K.) and Genetics (R.J.S.), University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, the - - 2014
High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) are a highly heterogeneous and dynamic group of the smallest and densest lipoproteins present in the circulation. This review provides the current molecular insight into HDL metabolism led by articles describing mutations in genes that have a large affect on HDL cholesterol levels through their roles in ...
Shibata Katsumi K Department of Nutrition, School of Human Cultures, The University of Shiga - - 2014
Two compounds are known as the vitamin niacIn: nicotinic acid (NiA) and nicotinamide (Nam). The physiological functions and metabolic fates of NiA and Nam are identical, but differ when pharmacological doses are administered. Our study aimed to investigate the metabolic interactions between NiA and Nam when their pharmacological doses were ...
Hsu Ted M TM Neuroscience Graduate Program, University of Southern California Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
Both obesity and Alzheimer's disease (AD) are major health burdens in Western societies. While commonly viewed as having separate etiologies, this review highlights data suggesting that intake of "Western diets", diets high in saturated fatty acids (SFA) and simple carbohydrates, may pose a common environmental risk factor contributing to the ...
Khalid Nauman N a Department of Global Agriculture , Graduate School of Agriculture and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku , Tokyo , 113-8657 , - - 2014
This paper reviews research published in recent years concerning the effects of zinc deficiency, its consequences, and possible solutions. Zinc is an essential trace element necessary for over 300 zinc metalloenzymes and required for normal nucleic acid, protein, and membrane metabolism. Zinc deficiency is one of the ten biggest factors ...
Verma Divya Ratan - - 2014
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is the leading cause of death and disability in the United States and other developed nations, and is rising rapidly in the rest of the world. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is the major atherogenic particle in most patients at high risk for ASCVD events, and statin-based LDL-lowering ...
Bassiouny Mohamed A - - 2014
Citrus fruits and juices are an integral part of daily diets the world over; however, excessive and frequent consumption can cause damage to the human dentition. This article describes the characteristics of destruction induced by citrus products. Related factors include the fruits' acidic nature, their inherent highly fibrous content, the ...
Misra Anoop A Fortis C-DOC Center of Excellence for Diabetes, Metabolic Diseases and Endocrinology, New Delhi, - - 2014
With improvement in the economic situation, an increasing prevalence of obesity and the metabolic syndrome is seen in developing countries in South Asia. Particularly vulnerable population groups include women and children, and intra-country and inter-country migrants. The main causes are increasing urbanization, nutrition transition, reduced physical activity, and genetic predisposition. ...
Vanham D D European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Via E. Fermi 2749, 21027 Ispra (VA), Italy E-mail: - - 2014
This study quantifies the water footprint of consumption (WFcons) and production (WFprod) of Milan. The current WFcons amounts to 6,139 l/cap/d (a volume of 2.93 km(3) annually), of which 52 l/cap/d (1%) is attributed to domestic water, 448 l/cap/d (7%) to the consumption of industrial products and 5,639 l/cap/d (92%) ...
Scourboutakos Mary J - - 2014
Several provincial and federal bills have recommended various forms of menu labelling that would require information beyond just calories; however, the additional benefit of including sodium information is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine whether sodium information on menus helps consumers make lower-sodium choices and to understand ...
Rahman Md Moshiur MM Centre for Evolutionary Biology, School of Animal Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, - - 2014
Environmental and ecological conditions can shape the evolution of life history traits in many animals. Among such factors, food or nutrition availability can play an important evolutionary role in moderating an animal's life history traits, particularly sexually selected traits. Here, we test whether diet quantity and/or composition in the form ...
Vakili Ladan L Atheroclerosis Research Unit, Division of Cardiology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, 90095, CA, USA, - - 2014
Serum paraoxonase 1 (PON1) has been shown to act as an important guardian against cellular damage from oxidized lipids in low-density lipoprotein (LDL), plasma membrane, against toxic agents such as pesticide residues including organophosphates and against bacterial endotoxin. PON1 associated with circulating high-density lipoprotein (HDL) has the ability to prevent ...
Hales K E KE USDA, ARS, U.S. Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center, NE - - 2013
The optimal roughage concentration required in feedlot diets changes continuously for many reasons such as source, availability, price, and interaction with other ingredients in the diet. Wet distillers grains and solubles (WDGS) are common in finishing diets and they contain relatively high amounts of fiber compared with other grains they ...
Brisswalter Jeanick - - 2013
Master athletes are more than 35 years of age and continue to train as hard as their young counterparts despite the aging process. All life long, they are capable of accomplishing exceptional sporting performances. For these participants in endurance events, matching energy intake and expenditure is critical to maintain health and ...
Pérez-Méndez Oscar O Department of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Cardiology "Ignacio Chávez", Mexico, DF, Mexico. Electronic address: - - 2013
High-density lipoproteins (HDL) are inversely related with coronary artery disease (CAD) and HDL-cholesterol is the only standardized and reproducible parameter available to estimate plasma concentration of these lipoproteins. However, pharmacological interventions intended to increase HDL-cholesterol have not been consistently associated to an effective CAD risk reduction. Among patients with a ...
Okada Yoshikiyo - - 2013
Fatty acids in our daily diet are broadly classified into cis and trans fatty acids (TFAs). TFAs are formed during the manufacturing process of hydrogenated vegetable oils such as margarine. Modern diets such as deep-fried products, frozen foods, and packaged snacks commonly include large quantities of margarine containing TFAs. Although ...
Weikel Karen A KA Laboratory for Nutrition and Vision Research, JM-USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Lens opacification or cataract reduces vision in over 80 million people worldwide and blinds 18 million. These numbers will increase dramatically as both the size of the elderly demographic and the number of those with carbohydrate metabolism-related problems increase. Preventative measures for cataract are critical because the availability of cataract ...
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