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Kejík Zdeněk Z Institute of Chemical Technology, Technická 5, 166 28 Prague 6, Czech Republic; First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Kateřinská 32, 12108 Prague 2, Czech - - 2014
In this work, we studied indolium and benzothiazolium pentamethine salts 1-3 as novel type of receptors for the recognition of sulphated signalling molecules (sulphated steroids: oestrone, pregnenolone and cholesterol sulphate). A recognition study was performed in an aqueous medium (1 mM phosphate buffer (H2O: MeOH; 99:1 (v/v))) at pH 7.34. ...
Castro-Carrera T T 1Instituto de Ganadería de Montaña (CSIC-ULE),Finca Marzanas s/n. 24346 - - 2014
There are very few studies in ruminants characterizing mammary and adipose tissue (AT) expression of genes and gene networks for diets causing variations in milk fatty acid (FA) composition without altering milk fat secretion, and even less complementing this information with data on tissue FA profiles. This work was conducted ...
Remien Christopher H CH University of Idaho, Department of Mathematics, Moscow, ID, 83844. Electronic address: - - 2014
Reconstructions of dietary composition and trophic level from stable isotope measurements of animal tissue rely on a predictable offset of stable isotope ratios from diet to tissue. Physiological processes associated with metabolism shape tissue stable isotope ratios, and as such the spacing between stable isotope ratios of diet and tissue ...
Wang Yuanyuan Y Department of Biology Science, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, 233030, Anhui, - - 2014
The lactating human mammary gland and the pancreas both produce bile salt-stimulated lipase (BSSL), a lipolytic enzyme acting on a wide range of substrates, including triglyceride, cholesterol esters, and fat-soluble vitamins esters. Breast milk BSSL has a particularly important role in the digestion of milk fat by newborn infants. We ...
Tang Robert Y RY Biomolecular Sciences Program, Laurentian University, 935 Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 2C6, - - 2014
To develop a method to estimate the mean fractional volume of fat (ν¯fat) within a region of interest (ROI) of a tissue sample for wide-angle x-ray scatter (WAXS) applications. A scatter signal from the ROI was obtained and use of ν¯fat in a WAXS fat subtraction model provided a way ...
Cibeira Gabriela Herrmann GH Post-Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Cardiology and Cardiovascular Sciences, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Porto Alegre, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between apolipoprotein E (APOE) allelic frequency, serum lipoproteins and breast cancer (BC). We conducted a nested case-control study within a cohort including 47 cases and 165 controls. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses of the APOE polymorphism were performed. ...
Mandal G P - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the different dietary ratios of n-6 to n-3 (n-6/n-3) fatty acid (FA) on performance and n-6/n-3 FA in muscles of broiler chickens. A total of 300 one-day-old Cobb chicks were randomly assigned to 3 treatments of 10 replicates in each (10 birds/replicate). ...
Kim Hong Youl HY Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Institute for Human Tissue Restoration, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Autologous fat graft has become a useful technique for correction of acquired contour deformity in reconstructed breasts. However, there remains controversial regarding the efficacy and safety of the practice for reconstructive breast surgery. A retrospective review was performed on 102 patients who had secondary fat grafting after breast reconstruction. Fat ...
Kwon H J HJ Division of Animal Husbandry, Cheonan Yonam College, Cheonan 330-709, Korea - - 2014
This study was conducted to compare carcass characteristics and physico-chemical meat quality in two different genotype ducks raised under identical feeding and rearing conditions. A total of ninety 1-d-old Korean native ducks (KND, n = 45) and commercial meat-type ducks (Grimaud, n = 45) were fed same experimental diets during ...
Collins K E KE Poultry Science Department, The University of Georgia, Athens - - 2014
A flock of the Athens Canadian Random Bred (ACRB), a 1955 meat-type chicken control strain, was raised alongside a flock of 2012 Cobb 500 fast feathering high-yielding broilers to determine selection changes over the past 57 yr. All birds were reared under management practices appropriate for the Cobb 500. Birds ...
Gopinger E E a Graduate Program in Animal Science, Federal University of Pelotas , 96010-900 , - - 2014
Abstract 1. This study evaluated the effects of canola meal in broiler diets on carcass yield, carcass composition, and instrumental and sensory analyses of meat. 2. A total of 320 one-d-old Cobb broilers were used in a 35-d experiment using a completely randomised design with 5 concentrations of canola meal ...
Hoffman Richard R School of Life and Medical Sciences, University of Hertfordshire,HatfieldAL10 - - 2014
The present narrative review compares evidence from experimental, epidemiological and clinical studies of the health benefits of rapeseed oil (RO) (known as canola oil) and olive oil (OO) in order to assess whether rapeseed oil is suitable as a sustainable alternative to OO as part of a Mediterranean-style diet in ...
Biswas Avishek A Avian Nutrition and Feed Technology Division, Central Avian Research Institute, Izatnagar 243 122, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
This experiment investigated the effect of dietary chromium (Cr as picolinate) on physical and biochemical characteristics of semen and carcass traits of adult male turkey. Seventy-two (72) male turkeys (16 weeks old) were randomly distributed into four dietary treatment groups (4×3×6) for a period of 24 weeks. Three experimental diets ...
Vander Zanden Hannah B HB Archie Carr Center for Sea Turtle Research and Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611, USA; Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, 84112, - - 2014
Stable isotope analysis has been used extensively to provide ecological information about diet and foraging location of many species. The difference in isotopic composition between animal tissue and its diet, or the diet-tissue discrimination factor, varies with tissue type. Therefore, direct comparisons between isotopic values of tissues are inaccurate without ...
Lauritzen Lotte L Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, - - 2014
Arachidonic acid (AA) is supplied together with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in infant formulas, but we have limited knowledge about the effects of supplementation with either of these long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) on growth and developmental outcomes. AA is present in similar levels in breast-milk throughout the world, whereas the ...
Park J H JH Department of Animal Resource and Science, Dankook University, Cheonan, - - 2014
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of B. subtilis RX7 and B. subtilis B2A on growth performance, blood profiles, intestinal Salmonella population, noxious gas emission, organ weight and breast meat quality of broilers under S. typhimurium challenge. A total of 120, one-day-old Ross 308 male broiler chicks were assigned to four ...
Gao Jing J State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, No. 2 Yuanmingyuan West Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100193, - - 2014
Previous studies proved that maternal zinc supplementation had no significant effect on body weight (BW) of the offspring, but the effects of maternal zinc supplementation on skeletal muscle development of the offspring are poorly defined. Here, broiler breeders at 46 weeks old were allocated into three treatments with six replicates of ...
Hansen Ida R IR Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, - - 2014
Based on results from a signal sequence trap, we investigated chemerin gene expression in brown adipose tissue. Male NMRI mice were exposed to 30, 22 or 4°C for 3weeks, or were fed control (chow) diet, cafeteria diet or high-fat diet at thermoneutrality for the same time. In brown adipose tissue, ...
Moraes T G V TG Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G - - 2014
The objective of this research was to evaluate effects of female broiler breeder dietary ME and CP during rearing and dietary ME during early lay on broiler offspring performance and carcass yield dynamics. A factorial arrangement of treatments, with 2 ME levels, and 2 balanced protein levels from 3 to ...
Wei Jie J Key Laboratory of Environment and HealthMinistry of Education and Ministry of Environmental Protection, and State Key Laboratory of Environmental Health (Incubating), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, ChinaKey Laboratory of Urban Environment and HealthDepartment of Environmental and Molecular Toxicology, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, ChinaDepartment of Basic Medical SciencesMedical College, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, - - 2014
Bisphenol A (BPA) is one of the environmental endocrine disrupting chemicals, which is present ubiquitously in daily life. Accumulating evidence indicates that exposure to BPA contributes to metabolic syndrome. In this study, we examined whether perinatal exposure to BPA predisposed offspring to fatty liver disease: the hepatic manifestation of metabolic ...
Guimarães João Borges JB Department of Biology, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, MG, 37200-000, - - 2014
This trial was performed to study the use of the mushroom Agaricus brasiliensis as an alternative additive to antimicrobial growth promoters in broiler chicken diets and to assess the quality of the broiler chicken breast meat of birds that are fed diets containing this fungus. Thus, 595 1-day-old chicks were ...
Shokrollahi B B a Department of Animal Science , Agriculture School, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University , Sanandaj , Iran - - 2014
Abstract 1. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of dietary medium-chain fatty acids (MCFA) on the performance, carcass characteristics, and some serum parameters of broiler chickens. 2. A total of 176 one-d old male broiler chicks (Ross 308) were assigned to four treatments including control treatment (basal diet), 0.1% ...
Jayasena Dinesh D DD Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, 305-764, Republic of Korea; Department of Animal Science, Uva Wellassa University, Badulla 90000, Sri Lanka, - - 2014
In this study, we determined the effects of sex, meat cut, and thermal processing on the carnosine, anserine, creatine, betaine, and carnitine contents of the Korean native chicken (KNC) meat. A total of 40 one-day-old chicks (20 chicks of each sex), from a commercial KNC strain (Woorimatdag(TM) ) were reared ...
Li Yuyan Y Key Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management in Crops, Ministry of Agriculture, USDA-ARS Sino-American Biological Control Laboratory, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081, P.R. China; Departments of Entomology and Evolution, Ecology, and Organismal Biology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Boosting cold hardiness in parasitoids is a goal that is particularly attractive for increasing shelf life and shipment of biological control agents. In the experiments reported here we use the parasitoid Nasonia vitripennis as a model to evaluate manipulations that may be capable of enhancing the wasp's cold tolerance. We ...
Gam Christiane Marie Bourgin Folke CM Cellular and Metabolic Research Section, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3, 2200, Copenhagen, Denmark, - - 2014
Laboring women with elevated body mass index (BMI) have an increased risk of inefficient uterine labor contractions, and despite the significance of mitochondria in the production of energy to drive uterine contractions, mitochondrial function in the myometrium with reference to the BMI has not been explored. The objective of this ...
Ebrahem Mohammad M a Institute of Animal Nutrition, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute (FLI), Federal Research Institute for Animal Health , Braunschweig , - - 2014
In the present study, the potential for carry-over of deoxynivalenol (DON) into eggs and DON residues in plasma and bile of laying hens of different genetic backgrounds after long-term feeding trial was investigated. A total of 80, 23-week-old laying hens were assigned to a feeding trial with two diets, a ...
Dadjo Yahya Y Department of Cardiology and Cardiothoracic Surgery, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Heracleum persicum Desf. Ex Fischer (Apiaceae) is a native medicinal plant in the Iranian traditional medicine and also a safe and common dietary spice. The present pilot study aimed to investigate the impact of supplementation with H. persicum fruits on serum lipid concentrations in a group of patients with minimal coronary ...
Cools An A a Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine , Ghent University , Merelbeke , - - 2014
The present study assessed the effect of silo emptying and feed transport by conveyor systems on particle size and nutrient content of the feed delivered to the pigs. Experiment 1 sampled feed from four feeders along the conveyor system of two barns. Samples were taken immediately after filling the feed ...
Plata Maria Del - - 2014
Fetal adaptations to high fat (HF) diet in utero (IU) that may predispose to Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) in adulthood include changes in fetal hepatic gene expression. Studies were performed to determine whether maternal exposure to HF diet at different stages during pregnancy had different effects on the fetus, including hepatic ...
Friedlaender A S AS Marine Mammal Institute, Hatfield Marine Science Center, Oregon State University, Newport, OR 97365, USA - - 2014
Body size and feeding mode are two fundamental characteristics that determine foraging performance and ecological niche. As the smallest obligate lunge filter feeders, minke whales represent an ideal system for studying the physical and energetic limits of filter feeding in endotherms. We used multi-sensor suction cup tags to quantify the ...
Jo Sung-Pil SP Department of Public Health Science (BK21 PLUS Program), Graduate School, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Rhapontin was purified from a methanol extract from the roots of Rheum undulatum, and rhapontigenin was produced by an enzymatic transformation of rhapontin. Rats were fed a high-cholesterol diet to induce hyperlipidemia, followed by oral treatment with rhapontin or rhapontigenin (1-5 mg/kg/day). Rhapontin and rhapontigenin treatment resulted in a significant (p < 0.05) ...
Kreusser Michael M MM University of Heidelberg - - 2014
Impairment of the cardiac norepinephrine (NE) re-uptake by the neuronal NE transporter (NET) contributes to enhanced cardiac NE net release in congestive heart failure (CHF). Elevated plasma levels of aldosterone (AL) promote sympathetic overstimulation in failing hearts by unclear mechanisms. Our aim was to evaluate if elevated AL and/or alterations ...
Deng Junming J Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science of Yunnan Province, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming, 650201, - - 2014
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of cholesterol on growth and cholesterol metabolism of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed diets with cottonseed meal (CSM) or rapeseed meal (RSM). Four experimental diets were formulated to contain 550 g kg(-1) CSM or 450 g kg(-1) RSM with or without 9 g kg(-1) supplemental cholesterol. Growth rate ...
Alm M M Department of Animal Nutrition and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7024, SE-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden - - 2014
There is growing interest and concern for animal welfare in commercial poultry production. To evaluate stress and welfare in an objective and noninvasive way, fecal corticosterone metabolites (FCM) in droppings can be analyzed. However, the influence of diet, genotype, and daily variations in FCM and production of droppings in laying ...
Osakabe Naomi N Department of Bio-science and Engineering, Shibaura Institute of Technology. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous epidemiological studies have suggested that ingestion of chocolate reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease. In the present study, we examined the effects of flavan-3-ols derived from cocoa on blood pressure, lipolysis, and thermogenesis in rats fed a high-fat diet and that showed early signs of metabolic syndrome. The rats ...
Wu Ting-Wei TW Department of Animal Science, National Pingtung University of Science Technology, No. 1, Shuefu Road, Neipu, Pingtung 91201, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
In Taiwan, a food safety crisis involving a presence of high concentrations of dioxin residues in duck eggs occurred in 2004. The dioxin content in duck meat sampled from supermarkets was also reported to be substantially higher than in products from other farm animals. Despite increased awareness of the potential ...
Berends H H Animal Nutrition Group, Wageningen University, PO Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
We aimed to investigate the feeding values of milk replacer (MR), roughage, and concentrates for veal calves in a paired-gain setting, thus avoiding any prior assumptions in feeding values and major differences in nutrient intakes. One hundred sixty male Holstein-Friesian calves at 2 wk of age and 45 ± 0.2 ...
Araujo G G Department of Ruminant Production, Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentaries (IRTA), Torre Marimon, 08140 Caldes de Montbui, - - 2014
Sixty-six Holstein male calves [42 ± 6.0 kg of body weight (BW) and 12 ± 3.1 d of age] were housed individually and allocated to 1 of 4 treatments following a 2 × 2 factorial complete randomized design to assess the potential interaction between milk replacer (MR) allowance and fat ...
Bell M J MJ The University of Nottingham, School of Biosciences, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough LE12 5RD, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to compare methods for examining measurements of CH4 and CO2 emissions of dairy cows during milking and to assess repeatability and variation of CH4 emissions among individual dairy cows. Measurements of CH4 and CO2 emissions from 36 cows were collected in 3 consecutive feeding ...
Maccari P P Clinic for Cattle, University of Veterinary Medicine, Hannover, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of weight gain of calves within the first 3 weeks of life on health status and subsequent performance. Holstein bull calves were reared either intensively (IR; individual hutches and ad libitum milk feeding for the first 3 weeks of life; n = 24), or ...
Zinkhan Erin K EK Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, - - 2014
Background:Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) increases the risk of adult onset hypercholesterolemia. High fat diet consumption potentiates IUGR-induced increased cholesterol. Cholesterol is converted to bile acids by Cyp7a1 in preparation for excretion. We hypothesized that IUGR rats fed a high fat diet (HFD) will have increased cholesterol, decreased Cyp7a1 protein levels, ...
Barquilla Pilar Cano PC Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology III, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, 28040, - - 2014
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of melatonin to affect mild inflammation in the metabolic syndrome (MS) induced by a high-fat diet in rats. Adult Wistar male rats were divided into four groups (n= 16/group): (i) control diet (3% fat); (ii) high-fat (35%) diet; (iii) ...
Oh Hong-Geun HG 1 Huvet Co. Ltd., Iksan, - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the antiobesity effects of Monascus pilosus-fermented black soybean (F-BS) in C57BL/6 mice with high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. F-BS (oral, 0.5 and 1.0 g/kg per body weight, twice per day) ameliorated obesity by reducing body and liver weight increases, and regulating blood glucose ...
Jiang S S a College of Veterinary Medicine , Nanjing Agricultural University , Nanjing , P. R. China , - - 2014
Abstract 1. The objective of the study was to investigate the differences in eggshell quality, bone quality and serum bone biochemistry markers associated with changes in age and dietary soybean oil levels in laying hens. 2. A total of 54, 19-week-old Hy-Line Brown laying hens were housed in 18 battery ...
Cônsolo N R B NR Department of Animal Nutrition and Production, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of São Paulo (USP), Pirassununga, SP, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of whole raw soybean (WRS) in the finishing diet of Nellore cattle on productive performance, carcass traits, meat quality, fatty acid profile of meat, and blood parameters. In a completely randomized design, 52 Nellore bulls (mean body weight ± SD: 380 ± 34 kg) were ...
Li Chun-Mei CM Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Guangdong Pharmaceutical College, Guangzhou, - - 2014
The rhizome of Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort. (LC), also known as chuanxiong, is a very common herb widely used to treat cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. It is also used as a major ingredient in soups for regular consumption to promote good health. To study the protective effect of LC ethanolic extract ...
McLaughlan Claire C Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EJ, UK, - - 2014
Invasive non-native species frequently occur in very high densities. When such invaders present an economic or ecological nuisance, this biomass is typically removed and landfill is the most common destination, which is undesirable from both an economic and ecological perspective. The zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, has invaded large parts of ...
Selfridge J Eva JE Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, 66160, - - 2014
Diet composition may affect energy metabolism in a tissue-specific manner. Using C57Bl/6J mice, we tested the effect of ketosis-inducing and non-inducing high fat diets on genes relevant to brain bioenergetic infrastructures, and on proteins that constitute and regulate that infrastructure. At the end of a one-month study period the two ...
Zhou Peng P Department of Biological Sciences and Eck Institute for Global Health, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, United - - 2014
Inhibitor of DNA binding 2 (ID2) is a helix-loop-helix transcriptional repressor rhythmically expressed in many adult tissues. Our previous studies have demonstrated that Id2 null mice have altered expression of circadian genes involved in lipid metabolism, altered circadian feeding behavior, and sex-specific enhancement of insulin sensitivity and elevated glucose uptake ...
Faust Georg G Lehrstuhl für Bioverfahrenstechnik, Technische Universität München, Garching, - - 2014
Miniature bioreactors under parallel fed-batch operations are not only useful screening tools for bioprocess development but also provide a suitable basis for eventual scale-up. In this study, three feeding strategies were investigated: besides the established intermittent feeding by a liquid handler, an optimized microfluidic device and a new enzymatic release ...
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