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Yang Yongxia Y Vascular Biology Research Institute, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou, 510006, PR - - 2014
Atherosclerosis is a multifactorial and progressive disease commonly correlated with a high fat diet. The aim of this study was to identify potential biomarkers for the early diagnosis and monitoring of the progression of atherogenesis in apoE(-/-) mice using (1)H NMR-based metabonomics. The apoE(-/-) mice were split into four groups ...
Liu Jing J State Key Laboratory of Dairy Biotechnology, Ministry of Science & Technology, Shanghai, PR China; Dairy Research Institute, Bright Dairy & Food Co., Ltd., Shanghai, PR - - 2015
This paper proposes a new comprehensive index, called Q, which can effectively discriminate artificial adulterated milk from unadulterated milk. Both normal and adulterated samples of bovine raw milk were analysed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic instrument to measure the traditional indices of quality, including fat (FAT), protein (PRO), lactose (LAC), ...
Tan Hui - - 2014
The loquat, Eriobotrya japonica Lindl. (Rosaceae), is a small tree native to Japan and China that is widely cultivated for its succulent fruit. Its leaves are used as an ingredient of tasty tea called as "Biwa cha" in Japanese. The anti-osteoporosis effects of the leaves of loquat in vitro and ...
Alvey Nicholas J NJ Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (N.J.A.) National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA (N.J.A., A.P., K.J.R., C.J.D., - - 2014
Ectopic fat density is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors above and beyond fat volume. Volumetric measures of ectopic fat have been associated with CVD risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between fat density and subclinical atherosclerosis. Participants were drawn ...
van Lee Linde L Division of Human Nutrition , Wageningen University , PO Box 8129, 6700 EV Wageningen , The - - 2013
The Dutch Healthy Diet index (DHD-index) was developed using data from two 24 h recalls (24hR) and appeared useful to evaluate diet quality in Dutch adults. As many epidemiologic studies use FFQ, we now estimated the DHD-index score using FFQ data. We compared whether this score showed similar associations with participants' ...
Moon Myung Hee - - 2012
Higher levels of body fat are associated with an increased risk for development numerous adverse health conditions. FTY720 is an immune modulator and a synthetic analogue of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), activated S1P receptors and is effective in experimental models of transplantation and autoimmunity. Whereas immune modulation by FTY720 has been ...
Stanic Bojana B Department of Internal Medicine The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, - - 2012
To characterize the relationship between the expression of epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like ligands and vascular nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase expression and activity in a primate model of atherosclerosis. Adult male Cynomolgus monkeys were fed a normal or atherogenic (AS) diet for 45 months, after which animals from the ...
Schiller Vestergren A - - 2012
This study examined the effects of sesamin inclusion in vegetable oil-based diets fed to Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). The diets used differed in n-6/n-3 fatty acid (FA) ratio (0.5 and 1) and sesamin content (high 5.8 g/kg, low 1.16 g/kg and no sesamin). The oils used in the feeds were a ...
Duan Jingjing - - 2012
Sphingolipids are ubiquitous in eukaryotic organisms and are significant components in foods. It has been reported that treatment with sphingolipids prevents colon cancer, improves skin barrier function and suppresses inflammatory responses. However, the mechanisms for those effects of dietary sphingolipids are not well understood. In this study, to investigate the ...
Tajima Masataka - - 2012
Recent studies have reported that a high-fat diet during pregnancy exerts various effects on the foetus and newborn. The purpose of this study was to clarify the effects of a high-fat diet during pregnancy on the activity of hepatic cytochrome P450 (Cyp) 3a in offspring in mice. The protein expression ...
Kerley-Hamilton Joanna S - - 2012
Obesity is a growing worldwide problem with genetic and environmental causes, and it is an underlying basis for many diseases. Studies have shown that the toxicant-activated aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) may disrupt fat metabolism and contribute to obesity. The AHR is a nuclear receptor/transcription factor that is best known for ...
Quan Hai-Yan - - 2012
Licochalcone A (LA) has been shown to exert multiple pharmacological effects, including anti-inflammatory, anti-parasitic, anti-fungal, anti-cancer and osteogenic activities. The present study investigated the ability of LA to suppress the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, and its anti-obesity activity was explored using high fat diet (HFD)-fed ICR mice. During the terminal ...
Huang Mingguo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Dietary patterns including high-fat diet (HFD) and high-carbohydrate diet (HCD) play an important role in prostate cancer progression. However, which of these diets have the greatest effect on tumor progression and its underlying mechanisms remains unclear. METHODS: We investigated the effects of different diets on prostate cancer cell growth ...
Polidori Gioia Petrighi - - 2012
The number of adipocyte progenitors is determined early in fetal and neonatal development in a process which may be altered by gender and excess nutrient intake, and which in turn determines fat mass in adulthood and the risk of developing obesity. Here we investigate the hypothesis that excess nutrients, in ...
Federico Lorenzo L Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536, - - 2012
Brown adipose tissue is a thermogenic organ that dissipates stored energy as heat to maintain body temperature. This process may also provide protection from development of diet-induced obesity. We report that the bioactive lipid mediator lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) markedly decreases differentiation of cultured primary brown adipocyte precursors, whereas potent selective ...
Lashmanova Katya A - - 2012
Carotenoids are bioactive substances in human diet. The aim of the study was to determine β-carotene and xanthophylls in four berries species. An HPLC gradient elution system were used for separation and quantification of the carotenoids. The highest total carotenoid content among the berries studied was found in cloudberry (2840 ...
Stemmer Kerstin - - 2012
Obesity and concomitant comorbidities have emerged as public health problems of the first order. For instance, obese individuals have an increased risk for kidney cancer. However, direct mechanisms linking obesity with kidney cancer remain elusive. We hypothesized that diet-induced obesity (DIO) promotes renal carcinogenesis by inducing an inflammatory and tumor-promoting ...
Zheng Shasha - - 2012
Maternal exposure to environmental agents throughout pregnancy and lactation may affect offspring's mammary gland growth and alter the epigenome. This may predispose the offspring's mammary glands to be more susceptible to carcinogenesis. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a maternal high-fat diet on the regulation ...
Shehzad Wasim - - 2012
Diet analysis is a prerequisite to fully understand the biology of a species and the functioning of ecosystems. For carnivores, traditional diet analyses mostly rely upon the morphological identification of undigested remains in the faeces. Here, we developed a methodology for carnivore diet analyses based on the next-generation sequencing. We ...
Fischer M M - - 2012
Considering the different potential benefits of divergent fiber ingredients, the effect of 3 fiber sources on the energy and macronutrient digestibility, fermentation product formation, postprandial metabolite responses, and colon histology of overweight cats fed kibble diets was compared. Twenty-four healthy adult cats were assigned in a complete randomized block design ...
Butterwick Richard F - - 2012
Objective-To determine the effects of increases in dietary intake of polyunsaturated and saturated fatty acids on plasma lipid and lipoprotein concentrations and activity of associated enzymes in healthy domestic cats. Animals-16 healthy adult sexually intact female cats. Procedures-A baseline diet (40% energy from fat) and 4 test diets, with increased ...
Kye Su Yeon - - 2012
Objective: Improvements in diet can decrease the cancer rates. The aim of the present study was to determine the relationships between self-perception of diet quality and personality, impulsiveness, stress, coping strategy, sense of coherence, self-efficacy, and social support. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted using a multiple-stratified random sampling method ...
Peng Cheng - - 2011
Blueberry possesses greater antioxidant capacity than most other fruits and vegetables. The present study investigated the lifespan-prolonging activity of blueberry extracts in fruit flies and explored its underlying mechanism. Results revealed that blueberry extracts at 5mg/ml in diet could significantly extend the mean lifespan of fruit flies by 10%, accompanied ...
Serra-Majem Lluís - - 2011
Changes in diet, reducing animal products and increasing consumption of vegetables can not only benefit human health and the overall use of land, but can also play a decisive role in the politics of climate change mitigation. In this sense, the Mediterranean diet (MD) is presented as a sustainable cultural ...
Kerr K R - - 2011
The objectives of this study were to determine differences in apparent total tract energy and macronutrient digestibility, fecal and urine characteristics, and serum chemistry of domestic cats fed raw and cooked meat-based diets and extruded diet. Nine adult female domestic shorthair cats were utilized in a replicated 3 x 3 ...
Kerr Katherine R - - 2011
Little nutritional information has been collected from domestic cats fed raw meat diets. The objective of the present study was to evaluate differences in N metabolism of domestic cats fed raw beef-based diet (66 % crude protein (CP) and 20 % fat), bison-based diet (49 % CP and 39 % fat), elk-based diet (79 % ...
Houston Doreen M - - 2011
Magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite) is one of the most common minerals found in feline uroliths. Previous studies have shown the efficacy of acidifying calculolytic diets (inducing urine pH < 6·5), in dissolving struvite stones in cats. Recent work in our laboratory found that wet and dry test diets induce a struvite ...
Coradini M M Centre for Companion Animal Health, School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, Saint Lucia, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia. - - 2011
A low-carbohydrate, high-protein (LCHP) diet is often recommended for the prevention and management of diabetes in cats; however, the effect of macronutrient composition on insulin sensitivity and energetic efficiency for weight gain is not known. The present study compared the effect in adult cats (n 32) of feeding a LCHP ...
Plantinga Esther A - - 2011
Cats are strict carnivores and in the wild rely on a diet solely based on animal tissues to meet their specific and unique nutritional requirements. Although the feeding ecology of cats in the wild has been well documented in the literature, there is no information on the precise nutrient profile ...
Deng Ping - - 2011
The prevalence of feline obesity is influenced by numerous factors, including inactivity and overconsumption of food. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of feeding frequency on physical activity in adult cats. A total of twelve healthy adult cats were used in a cross-over study consisting ...
Mitsuhashi Yuka - - 2011
Neutering is often associated with obesity in companion animals. However, the maintenance energy requirement (MER) for these animals has not been clearly defined. The present study investigated the MER for spayed cats whose body weights (BW) began to increase shortly after ovariohysterectomy. A total of twenty-two shorthair adult female cats ...
Buckley Catherine M F - - 2011
It has been reported that daily fluid intake influences urinary dilution, and consequently the risk of urolithiasis in human subjects and dogs. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of dietary moisture on urinary parameters in healthy adult cats by comparing nutritionally standardised diets, varying only ...
Bermingham Emma N - - 2011
The effects of wet (canned) or dry (kibbled) diets on faecal bacterial populations in the cat were investigated in eight domestic short-haired cats (four males and four females; averaging 6 years of age and 3·4 kg) in a nested design. The cats were fed ad libitum a commercially available wet diet ...
Bjornvad C R - - 2011
Obesity predisposes to a prothrombotic state in humans, but whether a similar state occurs in obese animals is unknown. The objective of the current study was to examine the effect of body fat percentage (BF) on haemostatic parameters including thromboelastography with tissue factor as activator (TF-TEG) in client owned indoor-confined ...
Krempien Jennifer L - - 2011
Energy intakes of adults with spinal cord injury (SCI) have been reported to be relatively low, with many micronutrients below recommended amounts, but little is known about the diets of athletes with SCI. The purpose of this cross-sectional, observational study was to assess energy intakes and estimate the prevalence of ...
Corbee R J - - 2011
Feline chronic gingivitis/stomatitis (FCGS) is a painful inflammatory disease in cats. Extraction of teeth, including all premolars and molars, has been shown to be the therapy of choice in cats not responding sufficiently to home care (e.g. tooth brushing) and/or medical treatment (corticosteroids and/or antibiotics). In this study, we hypothesize ...
Backlund Brianna - - 2011
This study evaluates the effect of dietary protein content on renal parameters in 23 healthy spayed female cats. The objective was to determine if cats eating diets high in protein will have higher serum urea nitrogen (UN) and creatinine values without a detectable change in kidney function, as assessed by ...
Xazela N M - - 2011
The effect of four castrated goat genotypes and sunflower cake supplementation on goat meat quality was determined. Supplemented Boer (BOR) and Xhosa-Boer cross (XBC) goats had significantly higher (P<0.05) SLW and CDM than non-supplemented groups. The Xhosa lop-eared (XLE) and Nguni (NGN) goats had higher pH24 (P<0.05) than BOR and ...
Wei Alfreda - - 2011
Objective-To determine whether water content in a canned food diet induces decreases in voluntary energy intake (EI) or body weight (BW) in cats fed ad libitum. Animals-16 sexually intact male domestic shorthair cats. Procedures-Maintenance EI was determined for 2 months in 10 weight-stable cats consuming a control diet (typical colony ...
Quijada R P - - 2011
The objectives were to determine the apparent energy digestibility of six pasture species frequently grazed by European wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) and to estimate the digestible energy (DE) consumption from pasture by grazing wild boar. Seven diets were prepared; a base diet (BD) which did not contain any pasture ...
Piscopo P - - 2011
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), valine, isoleucine, and leucine, are widely used among athletes as dietary integrators. Although the occurrence of untoward effects of BCCA supplementation, with particular regard to neurological disturbances, cannot be excluded, no specific studies have been performed so far. The aim of this work was to evaluate ...
Pappas A C - - 2011
A total of 128 broilers were used to investigate the effect of selenium (Se) on fatty acid (FA) composition and oxidative stability of lipids in the breast muscle tissue. There were 4 replicates of 4 dietary treatments: T1 (basal diet with no added Se), T2 (T1 with 0.15 mg Se added ...
Jiang S Z - - 2011
Zearalenone (ZEA), an estrogenic mycotoxin, is produced mainly by Fusarium fungi. Previous studies indicated that acute ZEA exposure induced oxidative stress and damage in multiple organs. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the adverse effects of dietary ZEA (1.1 to 3.2 mg/kg diet) on oxidative stress and organ ...
Kosinska Wieslawa - - 2011
The effects of a nine month administration of dietary: (1) 3H-1,2-dithiole-3-thione (D3T), (2) N-acetylcysteine (NAC), (3) antioxidant vitamin mix, (vitamin C+E), (4) free radical scavenger, amifostine, and (5) calorie restriction, (CR), on mutagenesis and lipid peroxidation in lung, kidney, spleen and liver of lacZ transgenic mice were examined. These agents/diets ...
Bulló Mònica - - 2011
Oxidative stress has been involved in the aetiology of hypertension, insulin resistance, the metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease and other chronic conditions. Several epidemiological studies suggest that a diet rich in natural antioxidants is associated with protective effects against major diseases, especially cardiovascular disease. The Mediterranean diet is rich in fat ...
Habib Hosam M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Date seeds have been shown to contain high amounts of antioxidants. However, in vivo studies on date seeds are lacking. Therefore the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of date seeds on oxidative damage and antioxidant status in vivo. Male Wistar rats were fed a basal ...
El-Nekeety Aziza A - - 2011
[fx1]The leafy parts of thyme and its essential oil have been used in foods for the flavour, aroma and preservation and also in folk medicines. The aim of the current study was to determine the components of Thymus vulgaris L essential oil and to evaluate the protective effects of this ...
Bakuradze Tamara - - 2011
Epidemiological and experimental evidence increasingly suggests coffee consumption to be correlated to prevention or delay of degenerative diseases connected with oxidative cellular stress. In an intervention study comprising 33 healthy volunteers, we examined DNA-protective and antioxidative effects exerted in vivo by daily ingestion of 750 mL of freshly brewed coffee rich ...
Tavárez M A - - 2011
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of antioxidant inclusion and oil quality on broiler performance, meat quality, shelf life, and tissue oxidative status. Ross 308 male broilers were allotted to a randomized complete block design in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. Factors consisted of ...
Sweazea K L - - 2011
Rats fed a high fat diet develop increased adiposity and oxidative stress leading to impaired vasodilation. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of high fat-induced increases in adiposity and oxidative stress on vasoconstrictor reactivity of isolated mesenteric arteries. We hypothesized that rats with more adiposity ...
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