Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 696
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Astuti Andriyani A Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to clarify the effect of different milking frequencies under an automatic milking system (AMS) on milk yield, plasma metabolite profiles and mammary arterial-venous (A-V) differences of milk precursors by mammary tissues in early lactation cows. Twelve Holstein cows were divided into two and four ...
Lippi Giuseppe G Laboratory of Clinical Chemistry and Hematology, Academic Hospital of Parma, Parma, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the influence of different phlebotomy postures on clinical chemistry testing. Nineteen volunteers were recruited from the laboratory staff. A first set of samples was drawn after 25min resting in supine position, a second after 20min in sitting position, and a third after 20min in upright position. Clinical chemistry ...
Martin Nicolas N Département de Biologie, Université Laval, Québec, Québec, Canada; Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Environnement Marin, Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Plouzané, - - 2014
Although dietary lipid quality markedly affects fatty acid (FA) composition of mitochondrial membranes from rainbow trout red muscle (Oncorhynchus mykiss), mitochondrial processes are relatively unchanged. As certain classes of phospholipids interact more intimately with membrane proteins than others, we examined whether specific phospholipid classes from these muscle mitochondria were more ...
Cao Zhan-Jiang ZJ Department of General Surgery,PUMC Hospital,CAMS and PUMC,Beijing - - 2014
Objective To investigate the effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids(n-3PUFAs)on gut microbiota and endotoxin levels in portal vein of rats fed with a high-fat diet(HFD). Methods Thirty-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups and fed with normal control diet(CD),HFD,CD supplemented with n-3PUFAs,and HFD supplemented with n-3PUFAs,respectively. Fresh ...
Park Soo-Yeon SY Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, 52, Ewhayeodae-gil, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-750, Republic of - - 2014
In this study, we investigated the antihypertensive effects of Acanthopanax divaricatus var. chiisanensis extract (AE) and its active compound, acanthoside D (AD), on arterial blood pressure (BP) in vivo and endothelial function in vitro. We hypothesized that AE has antihypertensive effects, which is attributed to enhancement of endothelial function via ...
Kim Kyoung-Ok KO 1 Division of Food and Nutritional Science & Life Systems, Sookmyung Women's University , Seoul, - - 2014
Abstract We hypothesized that a high-protein diet and/or resveratrol supplementation will improve acute inflammatory responses in rats after receiving experimental abdominal radiation treatment (ART). Based on our previous study, the period of 10 days after ART was used as an acute inflammation model. Rats were exposed to a radiation dose ...
Noël Marie - - 2014
Mercury obtained from the diet accumulates in mammalian hair as it grows thus preserving a record of mercury intake over the growth period of a given hair segment. We adapted a micro-analysis approach, using laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, to characterize temporal changes in mercury exposure and uptake ...
Michaels C J CJ Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2014
Many amphibian species are dependent on ex situ conservation interventions for their long-term persistence. However, projects have been jeopardised by husbandry issues involving poor calcium metabolism and nutritional metabolic bone disease (NMBD). Healthy calcium metabolism requires appropriate dietary calcium content and access to vitamin D3 . In many animals, vitamin ...
Hygreeva Desugari D Freeze Drying and Animal Products Technology Division, Defence Food Research Laboratory, Mysore, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Growing concern about diet and health has led to development of healthier food products. In general consumer perception towards the intake of meat and meat products is unhealthy because it may increase the risk of diseases like cardiovascular diseases, obesity and cancer, because of its high fat content (especially saturated ...
Suter Melissa A MA Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
Data from animal models show that in utero exposure to a maternal high-fat diet (HFD) renders susceptibility of these offspring to the adult onset of metabolic syndrome. We and others have previously shown that epigenetic modifications to histones may serve as a molecular memory of the in utero exposure, rendering ...
Christofidou-Solomidou Melpo M Department of Medicine, Pulmonary Allergy and Critical Care Division; Perelman School of Medicine; University of Pennsylvania; Philadelphia, PA - - 2014
Introduction Dietary flaxseed (FS) displays antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties in pre-clinical models of lung disease including radiation-induced pneumonopathy, however the mechanisms of lung radioprotection are incompletely understood. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short oligonucleotides that act as important post-transcriptional regulators of diverse networks including inflammatory response networks. Responses of miRNA profiles to ...
Baab Karen L KL Department of Anthropology, Social and Behavioral Science Building, 5th Floor, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, 11794; Interdepartmental Program in Anthropological Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, 11794. - - 2014
Adaptive radiations provide important insights into many aspects of evolution, including the relationship between ecology and morphological diversification as well as between ecology and speciation. Many such radiations include divergence along a dietary axis, although other ecological variables may also drive diversification, including differences in diel activity patterns. This study ...
Morgan Jennifer L L JL *Oak Ridge Associated Universities/National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Post-Doctoral Fellowship Program and †Biomedical Research and Environmental Sciences Division and ‡Space and Clinical Operations Division, Human Health and Performance Directorate, NASA Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas, - - 2013
Astronauts are exposed to increased body iron stores and radiation, both of which can cause oxidative damage leading to negative health effects. The purpose of this study was to investigate combined effects of high dietary iron (650 mg/kg diet) and radiation exposure (0.375 Gy cesium-137 every other day for 16 ...
Still Mona - - 2013
Perfluorinated alkylated compounds (PFAA) have been identified in milk and dairy products at sub ppb levels, however, knowledge on the impact of industrial milk processing on PFAA levels is rare. This study examined industrial milk processing firstly by analytical screening of products of a cooperating dairy, which varied in kind ...
Helfer Jennifer L - - 2013
Prenatal ethanol (EtOH) exposure results in a spectrum of structural, cognitive, and behavioral abnormalities, collectively termed "fetal alcohol spectrum disorders" (FASDs). The hippocampal formation, an area of the brain strongly linked with learning and memory, is particularly vulnerable to the teratogenic effects of EtOH. Prenatal EtOH exposure can lead to ...
Chen M Y Y - - 2013
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are a group of industrial chemicals that are persistent and can bioaccumulate. In the first Hong Kong Total Diet Study, the dietary exposure of Hong Kong adults to PBDEs was estimated to assess the associated health risks. Food samples, which represented the Hong Kong people's diet, ...
Batra Vipen - - 2013
The search for non-toxic radio-protective drugs has yielded many potential agents but most of these compounds have certain amount of toxicity. The objective of the present study was to investigate dietary nicotinamide enrichment dependent adaptive response to potential cytotoxic effect of (60)Co γ-radiation. To elucidate the possible underlying mechanism(s), male ...
Finnberg Niklas - - 2013
Ionizing radiation (IR) generates free radicals that interact randomly with a range of intracellular biomolecules that can result in lethal cellular injury. Therefore, IR-inflicted damage is a highly complex interplay of vastly different pathophysiological processes, including inflammation, epithelial regeneration, tissue remodeling, and fibrosis. The development of safe and effective radioprotectors ...
Tiphaine Coillot - - 2013
Adaptive radiations in mammals are sometimes associated with the emergence of key dental innovations facilitating food processing and masticatory movements. The dietary aspects of such innovations constitute an important focus in evolutionary biology. Murine rodents, which originated during middle Miocene, currently constitute the largest extant mammalian subfamily. Their adaptive radiation ...
Frediani Jennifer K JK Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, - - 2013
Few studies have examined the quality and adequacy of dietary intake in patients attempting to limit sodium. The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive analysis of the dietary intake of persons with heart failure (HF) in the Southern United States who have been advised to limit their ...
Delgado-Pando Gonzalo - - 2013
PURPOSE: To study the effect of modified frankfurters and pâtés: (a) reduced-fat products (RF) (15.3 and 15.2 % fat, respectively); (b) n-3-enriched reduced-fat products (n-3 RF) (15.1 and 15.5 % fat, respectively); and (c) normal-fat products (NF) (18 and 30.8 % fat, respectively) on lipids, lipoproteins, atherogenic ratios, oxidized LDL, and blood pressure ...
Grossnickle David M - - 2013
Fossil discoveries over the past 30 years have radically transformed traditional views of Mesozoic mammal evolution. In addition, recent research provides a more detailed account of the Cretaceous diversification of flowering plants. Here, we examine patterns of morphological disparity and functional morphology associated with diet in early mammals. Two analyses ...
Dulcich Melissa S - - 2013
Currently, NASA has plans for extended space travel, and previous research indicates that space radiation can have negative effects on cognitive skills as well as physical and mental health. With long-term space travel, astronauts will be exposed to greater radiation levels. Research shows that an antioxidant-enriched diet may offer some ...
Pietrofesa Ralph R Department of Medicine, Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Division, University of Pennsylvania, 3615 Civic Center Boulevard, Abramson Research Building, Suite 1016C, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2013
Wholegrain flaxseed (FS), and its lignan component (FLC) consisting mainly of secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG), have potent lung radioprotective properties while not abrogating the efficacy of radiotherapy. However, while the whole grain was recently shown to also have potent mitigating properties in a thoracic radiation pneumonopathy model, the bioactive component in ...
Christofidou-Solomidou Melpo M Department of Medicine, Pulmonary Allergy and Critical Care Division, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2012
While dietary wholegrain Flaxseed (FS) has potent anti-inflammatory, anti-fibrotic and antioxidant properties in murine models of acute and chronic lung injury, the main bioactive ingredient that contributes to these protective effects remains unknown. This study evaluated the lignan complex of FS (FLC) enriched in secoisolariciresinol diglucoside with respect to lung ...
Molkentin Joachim - - 2013
The validity of established threshold values for the analytical authentication (stable isotopes and fatty acids) of organic drinking milk in Germany was determined for more strongly processed organic dairy products (n=56). Milk fat extracted from both soft and semi-hard cheeses, butter, cream, sour cream, buttermilk, yoghurt and low-fat milk always ...
Dinicolantonio James J - - 2012
CONTEXT: A low sodium diet has been proposed to reduce the risk of heart failure (HF) hospitalisations and is currently advocated in consensus guidelines, yet some evidence suggests adverse neurohumoral activation for sodium restriction in the HF setting. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of a restricted sodium diet in patients ...
Greaney Jody L - - 2012
Animal studies have reported dietary salt-induced reductions in vascular function independent of increases in blood pressure (BP). The purpose of this study was to determine if short-term dietary sodium loading impairs cutaneous microvascular function in normotensive adults with salt resistance. Following a control run-in diet, 12 normotensive adults (31 ± ...
Timpmann Saima - - 2012
This study assessed the effects of dietary sodium citrate supplementation during a 16 h recovery from 5% rapid body mass loss (RBML) on physiological functions, affective state, and performance in trained wrestlers. Sixteen wrestlers performed an upper body intermittent sprint performance (UBISP) test under three conditions: before RBML, after RBML, ...
Immanuel Grasian - - 2012
Sodium alginate extracted from brown seaweed Sargassum wightii (16.35 ± 1.42%, mean [±SD] yield from 5 extractions) was prepared as a powder or beads and used to enrich Artemia nauplii at concentrations of 100, 200, 300 and 400 mg l-1. The alginate-enriched nauplii were fed to Penaeus monodon shrimp postlarvae ...
Rambod Mehdi - - 2012
The association of dietary sodium and outcome is widely studied in the general population, but less is known in hemodialysis patients. The evidence supporting daily dietary sodium intake of 2 g on hemodialysis is not strong. Mc Causland et al. found that higher dietary sodium intake was marginally associated with a ...
Bruemmer Barbara - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Policies on menu labeling have been proposed as a method to improve the food environment. However, there is little information on the nutrient content of chain restaurant menu items and changes over time. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the energy, saturated fat, and sodium content of entrées 6 and 18 months ...
Hosoya T - - 2012
Diet has a significant effect on immune and inflammatory responses. To date, no studies have described how consumption of a diet containing a relatively high amount of cheese affects immune responses and the inflammatory status of the body. We examined these responses in normal mice and mice with dextran sodium ...
Yan Huimin - - 2012
Selenium and zinc are well-known essential trace elements with potent biological functions. However, the possible health benefits of the combined administration of dietary selenium and zinc have not been studied extensively. In this study, we prepared selenium- and zinc-enriched mushrooms (SZMs) containing increased levels of selenium and zinc. The effects ...
Daugirdas John T - - 2012
Purchasing data suggest that bread and cereal products are responsible for approximately 18% of normal daily unrestricted sodium intake; this percentage may be substantially higher in subjects attempting to follow a reduced sodium diet by avoiding added salt and salty sauces and meats. Substituting with low-sodium bread would be expected ...
Alderman Michael H - - 2012
Universal reduction in sodium intake has long been recommended, largely because of its proven ability to lower blood pressure for some. However, multiple randomized trials have also demonstrated that similar reductions in sodium increase plasma renin activity and aldosterone secretion, insulin resistance, sympathetic nerve activity, serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels. ...
Alderman Michael H - - 2012
Universal reduction in sodium intake has long been recommended, largely because of its proven ability to lower blood pressure for some. However, multiple randomized trials have also demonstrated that similar reductions in sodium increase plasma renin activity and aldosterone secretion, insulin resistance, sympathetic nerve activity, serum cholesterol, and triglyceride levels. ...
Wu Helen W - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to (i) describe the availability of nutrition information in major chain restaurants, (ii) document the energy and nutrient levels of menu items, (iii) evaluate relationships with restaurant characteristics, menu labelling and trans fat laws, and nutrition information accessibility, and (iv) compare energy and nutrient levels ...
Peso-Echarri P - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of sodium alginate obtained from brown seaweed as a prebiotic supplement to the feed of reared sea bream (Sparus aurata). Addition of the alginate to a control diet was investigated at both concentrations 2% and 5%. Proximate composition in the ...
Verma Arun Kumar - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is growing demand for the meat products having healthier characteristics. In an endeavour to develop low-salt, low-fat and high-fibre chicken nuggets an investigation was carried out to observe the effects of partial replacement (40%) of sodium chloride in pre-standardised low-fat chicken nuggets (Control, 20 g kg(-1) NaCl) with ...
Torres Susan Jane - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We compared the effect on mood of a moderate sodium Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension-type diet, which included lean red meat (vitality diet [VD]), with a healthy diet (HD; decreased fat and increased wholegrain breads and cereal). METHODS: In a randomized, parallel intervention study, postmenopausal women were assigned to ...
Welsh Darlene - - 2013
Self-care management of a low-sodium diet is a critical component of comprehensive heart failure (HF) treatment. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an educational intervention on reducing the dietary sodium intake of patients with HF. Secondary purposes were to examine the effects of the ...
Jerzsele A - - 2012
Necrotic enteritis caused by Clostridium perfringens leads to serious economical losses to the poultry industry. There is a growing need to find effective, nontoxic, antibiotic alternatives to prevent and cure the disease. In our study, the efficacy of protected sodium butyrate at 1.5 g/kg (BP70), a Bacillus amyloliquefaciens spore suspension ...
Mc Causland Finnian R - - 2012
Dietary sodium is thought to play a major role in the pathogenesis of hypertension, hypervolemia, and mortality in hemodialysis patients; hence, sodium restriction is almost universally recommended. Since the evidence upon which to base these assumptions is limited, we undertook a post-hoc analysis of 1770 patients in the Hemodialysis Study ...
Wang Wei W Department of Molecular Cardiology, Nephrology and Hypertension, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, - - 2012
Corin is a protease that activates atrial natriuretic peptide, a cardiac hormone important in the control of blood pressure and salt-water balance. Here we examined the role of corin in regulating blood pressure and sodium homeostasis upon dietary salt challenge. Radiotelemetry-tracked blood pressure in corin knockout mice on a high-salt ...
Rambozzi Luisa - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of monensin sodium grain size on controlling coccidiosis in broiler chickens. Three hundred and fifty Cobb 700 chicks were infected experimentally with 8 × 10(4) sporulated oocysts of Eimeria spp. The birds were fed with diets supplemented with powdered ...
Adapala Venkata J - - 2012
Inflammation in adipose tissue (AT) during obesity causes impaired AT function. Although multiple extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins are expressed in AT their potential role in adipose tissue inflammation is unclear. Biglycan, a pro-inflammatory ECM gene, is highly enriched in adipose tissue. However, whether it is correlated with adipose tissue ...
Tannuri Ana Cristina A - - 2012
Newborns who undergo surgery for gastroschisis correction may present with oliguria, anasarca, prolonged postoperative ileus, and infection. New postoperative therapeutic procedures were tested with the objective of improving postoperative outcome. One hundred thirty-six newborns participated in one of two phases. Newborns in the first phase received infusions of large volumes ...
Van Landeghem Laurianne L Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of - - 2012
In vivo studies of high dose radiation-induced crypt and intestinal stem cell (ISC) loss and subsequent regeneration are typically restricted to 5-8 days after radiation due to high mortality and immune failure. This study aimed to develop murine radiation models of complete crypt loss that permit longer-term studies of ISC ...
Jankowski J - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of different dietary levels of sodium in diets with and without sodium chloride on mineral metabolism, including blood electrolyte levels and tibia mineralization parameters, in young turkeys (to six weeks of age). The influence of diets with a low (L), ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >