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Shen Kuo-Ping KP Department of Nursing, Meiho University , Pingtung , Taiwan - - 2014
Abstract Context: Consumption of medicinal mushrooms for disease prevention and maintaining health has a very long history in Asia. Grifola frondosa (Fr) S.F. Gray (GF) (Meripilaceae) is a medicinal fungus popularly used for enhancing immune systems, lowering blood glucose, and improving spleen, stomach, and nerve functions. Objective: This study examines ...
Kumari Shikha S National Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, - - 2014
TRPV4 is involved in several physiological and sensory functions as well as with several diseases and genetic disorders, though the molecular mechanisms for these are unclear. In this work we have analyzed molecular evolution and structure-function relationship of TRPV4 using sequences from different species. TRPV4 has evolved during early vertebrate ...
Liƛkiewicz Arkadiusz - - 2014
Objectives Ketogenic diet (KD) is a high-fat-content diet with insufficiency of carbohydrates that induces ketogenesis. Besides its anticonvulsant properties, many studies have shown its neuroprotective effect in central nervous system, but its influence on peripheral nervous system has not been studied yet. We examined the influence of KD on regeneration ...
Arildsen Jakobsen Louise Margrethe LM Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen Rolighedsvej 30, Frederiksberg C, DK-1958, - - 2014
Improving the nutritional profile of sausages through the addition of dietary fiber might affect appetite, sensory characteristics, and liking differently depending on the fiber source. This study investigates the sensory characteristics and consumer acceptance of sausages with 10% (w/w) fat and added rye or wheat bran. Sensory descriptive attributes (odor, ...
Mansouri A A Physiology and Behaviour Laboratory, ETH Zurich, Schwerzenbach, - - 2014
The central nervous system (CNS) constantly monitors nutrient availability in the body and, in particular, in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract to regulate nutrient and energy homeostasis. Extrinsic parasympathetic and sympathetic nerves are crucial for CNS nutrient sensing in the GI tract. These extrinsic afferent nerves detect the nature and amount ...
Weerakoon Harshi Thilanka - - 2014
Gallstones (GS) are formed as a result of impaired metabolic regulation of the human body. Abnormal lipid metabolism is partly responsible for the pathogenesis of GS mainly rich in cholesterol. Thus abnormalities of serum lipids would reflect the possibilities of the formation of cholesterol GS. This study aims to identify ...
Perségol Laurence L Inserm U866 (L.P., L.D., S.M., B.B., J.-M.P., B.V.), University of Burgundy, UFR Médecine; Department of Biochemistry (L.D.), CHU, Plateau Technique de Biologie; and Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases (M.-C.B., B.B., J.-M.P., B.V.), CHU, Hôpital du Bocage, Dijon F-21000 - - 2014
Context: High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) from type 2 diabetic patients are unable to counteract the inhibitory effect of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (ox-LDLs) on vasorelaxation. We hypothesized that glitazones, which improve glycemic control and dyslipidemia, could correct this abnormality. Objectives and Design: We compared the ability of HDL from controls (n = ...
Nakamura Haruo - - 2014
The prognosis for hyper-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterolemic patients has not been fully elucidated. We conducted a post hoc analysis of MEGA study data to investigate prospectively the incidence of cardiovascular events and cancer in hyper-HDL cholesterolemic patients. A total of 7832 patients with mild hypercholesterolemia were randomly allocated to either ...
Giacoppo Sabrina S IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino-Pulejo", Via Provinciale Palermo, contrada Casazza, 98124, Messina, - - 2014
In this study, we evaluated the levels of some of the most investigated metals (Cu, Se, Zn, Pb, and Hg) in the blood of patients affected by the most common chronic neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's disease (AD) and multiple sclerosis (MS), in order to better clarify their involvement. For the ...
Zhu Wei - - 2014
The effects of fish oil supplements on lipid profile in dialysis patients are controversial. With increasing interest in the potential health benefits of fish oil, it is important to explore its real effects. We aimed to identify and quantify the effects of fish oil on triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), ...
Raman Maitreyi M University of Calgary, 69 Cresthaven Rise SW, Calgary, AB T3B5X9, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Malabsorptive etiologies of chonic diarrhea are important to identify. The 72-h stool for fecal fat test (FFT), the gold standard for diagnosing fat malabsorption, is fraught with limitations that impact its reliability. Vitamin A, a fat-soluble vitamin, parallels the absorption of lipids. We assessed the feasibility and validate a novel ...
Yang Yi-Sun YS Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan; Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, - - 2014
Human studies of curcumin extract on lipid-lowering effect have not been completely investigated and have had controversy results. This study tested the effect of daily curcumin extract for 12 weeks on weight, glucose, and lipid profiles in patients with metabolic syndrome. Sixty-five patients were randomized into two groups; 33 patients taking ...
Mutanen Annika A From the Section of Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Liver and Gut Research Group Helsinki, Children's Hospital (AM and MPP), and the Department of Pathology, HUSLAB (JL and PH), Helsinki University Central Hospital, and the Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Internal Medicine (MJN and HG), University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
Increased serum concentrations of plant sterols, including stigmasterol, during parenteral nutrition (PN) have been linked with serum biochemical signs of intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD), whereas clinical data on their correlation to histologic liver injury have been limited. We studied interrelations between serum noncholesterol sterols and histologic liver injury in ...
Mallamaci Francesca F Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation Unit & CNR-IFC/IBIM Reggio Calabria, - - 2014
Dietary salt restriction is one of the most important non pharmacological intervention in the management of hypertension and cardiovascular complications. In Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) patients, observational and recent interventional studies investigating the relationship between sodium intake and renal outcomes suggest that low salt diet is warranted in this high ...
James Sally L SL Eastern Health Clinical School, Monash University, Box Hill Hospital, Box Hill, Victoria, - - 2014
Colonic fermentation in patients with UC in remission was compared with that in matched healthy subjects on habitual diets and when dietary fibre was increased. Fibre intake, faecal output of fibre (measured as non-starch polysaccharide (NSP)), starch, microbiota and fermentation products, and whole gut transit time (WGTT) were assessed in ...
García-Gómez Carmen C Carmen García-Gómez, Maria Bianchi, Department of Rheumatology, Consorci Sanitari de Terrassa (CST), Unitat Investigació Biomèdica CST-UAB (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona), 08227-Terrassa, Barcelona, - - 2014
Life expectancy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is reduced compared to the general population owing to an increase in cardiovascular diseases (CVD) not fully explained by traditional cardiovascular risk factors. In recent years, interest has been focused on the alterations in lipid metabolism in relation to chronic inflammation as ...
Jimenez-Gomez Yolanda Y Department of Cell Biology, Physiology, and Immunology, IMIBIC/Reina Sofia University Hospital/University of Cordoba, and CIBER Fisiopatologia de la Obesidad y Nutricion (CIBERobn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 14014-, Cordoba, - - 2014
To determine whether the insulin resistance that underlies in metabolic syndrome (MetS) patients is modulated by dietary fat composition. Seventy-five patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 diets for 12-weeks: high-saturated fatty acids (HSFA), high-MUFA (HMUFA) and two low-fat, high-complex carbohydrate (LFHCC) diets supplemented with long-chain n-3 PUFA (LFHCC ...
Pedro-Botet J J Unidad de Lípidos y Riesgo Vascular, Servicio de Endocrinología y Nutrición, Hospital del Mar, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Atherogenic dyslipidemia, which is characterized by increased triglyceride levels and reduced HDL cholesterol levels, is underestimated and undertreated in clinical practice. We assessed its prevalence and the achievement of therapeutic objectives for HDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels in patients treated at lipid and vascular risk units in Spain. This was ...
Chi Honggang H Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangdong Medical College, Dongguan, Guangdong, - - 2014
Studies of omega-3 supplementation in dialysis patients describe salutary effects on lipid profiles. However, study results have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of omega-3 supplementation on serum lipids in chronic dialysis patients. A systematic literature search was performed to identify the relevant randomized ...
Srivastava Neha N Department of Nephrology, Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, - - 2014
Visceral adiposity causes hypertension, hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia. This study was conducted to evaluate whether a correlation exists between body fat percentage (BFP) of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and their dietary intake. In this hospital-based, quasi-experimental study, 135 incident cases of CKD were included, of whom 76 completed the study. ...
Keith Mary M Supply Chain and Support Services, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Secondary prevention can improve outcomes in high risk patients. This study investigated the magnitude of cardiovascular risk reduction associated with consumption of a modified portfolio diet in parallel with medical management. 30 patients with type II diabetes, 6 weeks post bypass surgery received dietary counseling on a Modified Portfolio Diet ...
Zhao Xin X Cardiovascular Research Institute and Department of Cardiology, Shenyang Northern Hospital, Shenyang, - - 2014
High dietary salt intake is known to contribute to hypertension and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The authors investigated the association between dietary salt intake and development of hypertension or cardiovascular disease (CVD) in 243 patients with prehypertension. After a median follow-up of 4.53 years (range, 3.1-8.7), 123 (50.6%) patients developed ...
Braun Lauren E LE Department of Clinical Nutrition, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, - - 2014
The role of the neutropenic diet in the development of infections in oncology and stem cell transplant (SCT) patients is controversial. There is no data on the use of the neutropenic diet among pediatric oncologists. A self-administered electronic survey was sent to 1,639 pediatric oncologists at 198 institutions who are ...
Kubo Motoki M Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, - - 2014
Residual risk of cardiovascular disease from increased small dense low-density lipoprotein (sdLDL)-cholesterol levels and low n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) levels is a considerable therapeutic issue. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of ezetimibe as an add-on to statins and supplemental eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on sdLDL ...
Liberopoulos Evangelos N EN Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School, University of - - 2014
Infection is often accompanied by lipid profile alterations. The aim of the study was to evaluate the lipid profile changes in patients with visceral leishmaniasis (VL). We included 15 patients [10 men, aged 50 (24-82) years old] with VL and 15 age- and sex-matched controls. The parameters estimated at diagnosis ...
Kaufer-Horwitz M M Obesity and Eating Disorders Clinic, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico DF, - - 2014
Background/objective:Knowledge does not automatically translate into behaviour change. This study examined the relationship between knowledge of appropriate foods and beverages needed for weight loss and the diet of patients seeking weight management.Subjects/methods:A cross-sectional study of 104 consecutive first-time patients (55 women and 49 men) seeking weight management, with a mean age of 37.3±11.8 ...
Sathiya R R Department of Biochemistry, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute (SBV), Pillaiyarkuppam, Puducherry, - - 2014
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) appears to be common in the Indian population of different geographical origins, religions and languages. Measurement of lipid fractions and ratios are widely recommended for risk assessment. A few studies have shown that serum uric acid plays a role in the development of cardiovascular morbidity. Very ...
Zende Prakash D PD Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Medical sciences and Research , Mayani, Tal- Khatav, Satara, Maharashtra, India - - 2014
We determine the significant relation of HDL cholesterol and total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol between CETP I405V genotypes and activity of CETP. CETP is an essential for transfer of cholesterol ester to the liver from peripheral tissues which facilitating its transfer to TG rich VLDL. Reduction activity of CETP I405V may associate ...
Kanbay Mehmet M Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Istanbul Medeniyet University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Previous studies showed that renal dysfunction was associated with both a reduction in serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentration and increased circulating monocyte count. We aimed to investigate the effect of circulating monocyte to serum HDL cholesterol ratio (M/H ratio) on fatal and composite cardiovascular events, in an observational cohort ...
Zvintzou Evangelia E Department of Pharmacology, University of Patras, School of Medicine, Rio Achaias, - - 2014
In addition to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels, HDL quality appears also very important for atheroprotection. Obese patients with metabolic syndrome have significantly reduced HDL-C levels and are usually at increased risk for coronary heart disease. Despite that weight loss benefits these patients, its effects on HDL quality and functionality ...
Rahman Mahboob M Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio; - - 2014
Hyperlipidemia is common in patients with CKD. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether measures of plasma lipids and lipoproteins predict progression of kidney disease in patients with CKD.DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Prospective cohort study in adults (n=3939) with CKD aged 21-74 years recruited between 2003 and ...
Jarl Julie J Naval Hospital Camp Pendleton, Camp Pendleton, California; Hahn School of Nursing and Health Science, University of San Diego, San Diego, - - 2014
To describe an intervention among overweight and obese hypertensive patients, encouraging Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and lifestyle changes, designed and led by a primary care nurse practitioner (NP). A pre- and postintervention quasi-experimental time-series design was implemented over 2 months. Intervention included three group classes and two ...
Markaki A A School of Medicine, University of Crete, Crete, Greece. - - 2014
Our aim is to study the correlations of leptin and adiponectin with inflammation markers, body composition and lipid profile in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Phase angle values and fat mass as calculated using BIA, Malnutrition-Inflammation Score (MIS), leptin, adiponectin, IL-6, IL-8 triglycerides, cholesterol and other common serum markers' ...
Saeedi Ramesh R Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is usually calculated using the Friedewald equation. However, this calculation method does not account for the cholesterol associated with lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)]. Using the Dahlen equation, Li et al have shown a strong positive correlation between serum Lp(a) levels and overestimation of LDL-C levels. To determine ...
Gomez-Delgado Francisco F Lipids and Atherosclerosis Unit, IMIBIC/Reina Sofia University Hospital/University of Cordoba, Cordoba, Spain; CIBER Fisiopatologia Obesidad y Nutricion (CIBEROBN), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, - - 2014
To examine whether the consumption of a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), compared with a low-fat diet, interacts with two single nucleotide polymorphisms at the tumor necrosis factor alpha gene (rs1800629, rs1799964) in order to improve triglycerides (TG), glycemic control, and inflammation markers. Genotyping, biochemical measurements, dietary intervention, and oral fat load ...
Vanfleteren Lowie E G W LE CIRO+, Center of Expertise in Chronic Organ Failure, Horn, The Netherlands; Department of Respiratory Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fat tissue, and particularly visceral fat, is known to play a role in low grade systemic inflammation in COPD, and is likely to contribute to the excess cardiovascular comorbidity in COPD. Therefore, we aimed to study (18)FDG-PET-assessed inflammation of the aorta and the (visceral) fat, and evaluate its interrelations and ...
Xu Huajun H Department of Otolaryngology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Otolaryngology Institute of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 600 Yishan Road, Shanghai 200233, - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is an independent risk factor for development of dyslipidemia. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the first-line treatment for OSAS. However, it is unclear whether CPAP improves lipid metabolism. To review the effect of CPAP on lipid profile of patients with OSAS. We searched PubMed, ...
Rieger Johannes J Dr. Senckenberg Institute of Neurooncology, University Hospital Frankfurt, D-60528 Frankfurt, - - 2014
Limiting dietary carbohydrates inhibits glioma growth in preclinical models. Therefore, the ERGO trial (NCT00575146) examined feasibility of a ketogenic diet in 20 patients with recurrent glioblastoma. Patients were put on a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet containing plant oils. Feasibility was the primary endpoint, secondary endpoints included the percentage of patients reaching urinary ...
Biller Katharina K 1Medical Central Laboratories, Feldkirch, Austria 2Clinic of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Academic Teaching Hospital Feldkirch Austria 3Vorarlberg Institute for Vascular Investigation and Treatment (VIVIT), Feldkirch, Austria 4Department of Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital Großhadern, Munich, - - 2014
Serum cholesterol PCT and CRP levels were measured consecutively in 76 critically ill patients at admission to the intensive care unit. The presence of infection was defined according to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control) criteria, in-house mortality, underlying diseases and severity of sepsis were monitored. Non survivors had significantly ...
Di Daniele Nicola N Department of Systems Medicine, Hypertension and Nephrology Unit, University of "Tor Vergata", 00133, Rome, - - 2014
Several reports associate an Italian-style Mediterranean diet (IMD) with lower risk of cardiovascular disease and morbidity. The present study aimed to explore the effects of an Italian Mediterranean organic diet (IMOD) versus low-protein diet (LPD) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, according to patients' carrier status for the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase ...
Damsa Cristian C Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Investigation Program, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, 4455 East 12th Avenue, Denver, CO, 80220, USA, - - 2014
Although there are several data suggesting a link between lower lipids levels and the risk of suicide, there are few data concerning lower lipids levels in patients with dissociative disorders (DD). This is the first longitudinal study investigating the evolution of the lipids levels during a specific 8 weeks of psychodynamic ...
Rollefstad S S Department of Rheumatology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Oslo, - - 2014
There is a lipid paradox in rheumatoid arthritis describing that despite low lipids related to systemic inflammation, there is an increased cardiovascular (CV) risk. Our aim was to evaluate if baseline lipid levels or baseline systemic inflammation were associated with the statin dose sufficient to achieve lipid targets in patients ...
Roberts William C WC Departments of Pathology and Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, and the Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
The clinical pathology laboratory database of a large tertiary hospital in Dallas, Texas, was searched for patients having a serum total cholesterol > 300 mg in a single month in 1993 and in 2013. In September 1993, 63 patients had a serum total cholesterol > 300 mg/dL (range 302-1515 [mean ...
Hussain Shabbir - - 2014
To study the spectrum of clinical presentation of coeliac disease and the role of IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies titer in the diagnosis and effect of gluten-free diet on such titers in children. The prospective study was conducted in the paediatric department of Combined Military Hospital, Kharian from Sep 2011 to ...
Dayananda L L Department of Radiology, Narayana Hrudayala and Muzumdar Cancer Center, Bangalore, Karnataka, - - 2014
Context: In patients with obesity, intramuscular injections may be deposited subcutaneously due to an increase in gluteal fat. We aimed to use abdominal CT done in our institute for gluteal fat thickness to test our hypothesis. Materials and Methods: After IRB approval, CT scans of the abdomen and pelvis of ...
Golfetto Lisléia L Farmacêutica, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, - - 2014
Context The ingestion of gluten is responsible for the symptoms of Celiac disease, but other environmental factors can also influence. Strains of the Bifidobacterium genus have been shown to afford protection against the inflammatory response and mucosal damage caused by gliadin peptides in vitro. Objectives This study was designed to ...
Chahal Nita N 1Labatt Family Heart Centre, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Limited pharmacological options are available for management pediatric hypertriglyceridemia. We examined the effectiveness of dietary fish oil supplementation as a means to reduce triglyceride levels in pediatric patients. We reviewed 111 children aged 8 to 18 years with hypertriglyceridemia (≥1.5 mmol/L) undergoing treatment in a specialized dyslipidemia clinic. At the ...
Yueh Tuan-Pin TP Surgical Department, Saint Martin de Porres Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan; Department of Nursing, College of Medicine & Nursing, Hung Kuang University, Taichung, Taiwan; Nursing Department, Saint Martin de Porres Hospital, Chiayi, - - 2014
Diarrhea is part of the postlaparoscopic cholecystectomy syndrome, but is not well defined. Published reports have ignored possible associated factors such as the preoperative excretion pattern, gastrointestinal disorders, personality disorders, the effect of drugs, unsanitary food, and high-fat diets. The aim of this study was to define the associated factors ...
Daida Hiroyuki H Juntendo University School of - - 2014
An error appeared in the article titled "The Relationship Between Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Levels and the Incidence of Cardiovascular Disease in High-Risk Patients Treated With Pravastatin: Main Results of the AP-PROACH-J Study" by Hiroyuki Daida, et al (Vol. 55, No. 1, 39-47, 2014). "mmHg" should be inserted after "132.9/74.4-134.8/77.7" on ...
Lariño-Noia J J Department of Gastroenterology and Foundation for Research in Digestive Diseases, University Hospital of Santiago de Compostela, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Refeeding after acute pancreatitis (AP) is traditionally started in a successively increasing manner when abdominal pain is absent and pancreatic enzymes are decreasing. We aimed to evaluate length of hospital stay (LOHS) and refeeding tolerance for early refeeding and/or immediately full caloric intake in patients recovering from AP. In this ...
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