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Results 351 - 400 of 1425
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Mbuku S M - - 2010
Data on animal identification systems and selection criteria for sheep and goats were collected from the Rendille and Gabra communities in northern Kenya. These were then analysed through computation of indices, which represented a weighted average of all rankings of a particular trait or identification system. The three most important ...
Wang Lingxing - - 2010
The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of reduced fetal oxygen supply on cerebral white matter in the adult offspring and further assess its susceptibility to postnatal hypoxia and high-fat diet. Based on a 3 x 2 full factorial design consisting of three factors of maternal ...
Rajia S - - 2010
Maternal obesity has long-term consequences for the development of hypothalamic neurones involved in energy homeostasis and the metabolic profile in offspring. In the present study, we compared the effects of maternal obesity induced by longstanding high-fat diet (HFD) with milder postnatal overfeeding during suckling induced by litter size reduction. Female ...
Shankar Kartik K Arkansas Children's Nutrition Center, 15 Children's Way, Slot 512-20B, Little Rock, Arkansas 72202, USA. - - 2010
Gestational exposure to maternal overweight (OW) influences the risk of obesity in adult life. Male offspring from OW dams gain greater body weight and fat mass and develop insulin resistance when fed high-fat diets (45% fat). In this report, we identify molecular targets of maternal OW-induced programming at postnatal d ...
Santill?n Mar?a E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate in mice the effect of diets enriched with soy or sunflower oil with different omega-6:omega-3 ratios on gestation, reproductive success, physical maturation, and the neurobiological development of the pups. METHODS: Dams were assigned, throughout gestation and lactation, to different groups: a commercial diet (CD), a soy oil-enriched ...
Torres Dilênia De Oliveira Cipriano Dde - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Omega-6 fatty acids are important to fetal development. However, during gestation/lactation, these fatty acids may contribute toward the development of fat tissue. Omega-9 fatty acids are associated with a reduction in serum lipids and protection from liver disease. OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the effect of the maternal intake ...
Zambrano E - - 2010
Obesity involving women of reproductive years is increasing dramatically in both developing and developed nations. Maternal obesity and accompanying high energy obesogenic dietary (MO) intake prior to and throughout pregnancy and lactation program offspring physiological systems predisposing to altered carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Whether maternal obesity-induced programming outcomes are reversible ...
López N - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of dietary leucine supplementation in lactating dams, particularly on energy homeostasis through signaling mechanisms in the central nervous system. Dams were fed ad libitum with standard diet during pregnancy (control dams) or supplemented with 2% leucine (leucine-supplemented dams) from delivery ...
Sullivan Elinor L EL Division of Neuroscience, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health & Sciences University, Beaverton, Oregon 97006, - - 2010
Childhood obesity is associated with increased risk of behavioral/psychological disorders including depression, anxiety, poor learning, and attention deficient disorder. As the majority of women of child-bearing age are overweight or obese and consume a diet high in dietary fat, it is critical to examine the consequences of maternal overnutrition on ...
Mao Jiude - - 2010
Diet during pregnancy influences the future health of a woman's offspring, with outcomes differing depending on the child's sex. Because the placenta buffers the fetus from the mother, we examined the impact of diet and fetal sex on placental gene expression in mice fed either a very-high-fat, low-fat, chow diet ...
Badimón Juan José - - 2010
Atherothrombosis, atherosclerosis and their thrombotic complications have become epidemic. Both an elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level and a decreased high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level are associated with the increased incidence of atherothrombosis. Reducing LDL using statins has been shown to provide very effective therapy for both primary and secondary ...
Cardozo Ludmila F M F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of maternal flaxseed consumption during lactation on the body weight, hematological indicators and visceral fat mass of male offspring in adulthood. METHODS: Sixteen female Wistar rats were divided into two groups after giving birth. During lactation the control group (CG) was fed a casein-based diet ...
Badimón Juan José JJ Atherothrombosis Research Unit, Cardiovascular Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, - - 2010
Atherothrombosis, atherosclerosi,s and their thrombotic complications have become epidemic. Both an elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level and a decreased high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level are associated with the increased incidence of atherothrombosis. Reducing LDL using statins has been shown to provide very effective therapy for both primary and secondary ...
Cerf M E - - 2010
We sought to determine whether maintenance on a high fat diet during defined periods of gestation and lactation induced glucose intolerance in weanling Wistar rats or affected food intake, weight, and glucose concentrations in mothers. Experimental groups comprised mothers and their weanling offspring maintained on a high fat diet during ...
Ferreira Medeiros de França Cardozo L - - 2010
Flaxseed intake has increased owing to beneficial effects to health and prevention of diseases. Provided that it's an important source of lignan, a phytoestrogen, the present study aimed at evaluating the possible effect of the intake of this seed during lactation upon prostate, sexual hormones and lipidic profile of the ...
Grayson B E - - 2010
The hypothalamic melanocortin system, which controls appetite and energy expenditure, develops during the third trimester in primates. Thus, maternal nutrition and health may have a profound influence on the development of this system. To study the effects of chronic maternal high-fat diet (HFD) on the development of the melanocortin system ...
Oben Jude A - - 2010
The prevalence of pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAC) parallels rising rates of obesity and dysmetabolism, a possible link being non-alcoholic fatty pancreas disease (NAFPD). We have recently shown that maternal obesity programmes the development of a dysmetabolic and fatty liver (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, NAFLD) phenotype in adult offspring. Since the pancreas ...
Waddell Brendan J - - 2010
Fetal glucocorticoid excess programs a range of detrimental outcomes in the adult phenotype, at least some of which may be due to altered adult adrenocortical function. In this study, we determined the effects of maternal dexamethasone treatment on offspring adrenal morphology and function, as well as the interactive effects of ...
Bilbo Staci D - - 2010
Obesity is well characterized as a systemic inflammatory condition, and is also associated with cognitive disruption, suggesting a link between the two. We assessed whether peripheral inflammation in maternal obesity may be transferred to the offspring brain, in particular, the hippocampus, and thereby result in cognitive dysfunction. Rat dams were ...
Matthiesen Connie Frank - - 2010
Protein malnutrition in utero that induces permanent changes in metabolism has been investigated intensively in various animals in recent years, but to the best of our knowledge, not yet in the mink, a strict carnivore. In the present study, minks were fed either a low-protein (LP) diet, i.e., with a ...
Lima S S - - 2010
Perinatal nutrition has persistent influences on neural development and cognition. In humans and other animals, protein malnutrition during the perinatal period causes permanent changes, inducing to adulthood metabolic syndrome. Feeding is mainly modulated by neural and hormonal inputs to the hypothalamus. Hypothalamic glycogen stores are a source of glucose in ...
Gout Johann - - 2010
To study the consequences of maternal obesity during gestation and suckling periods on metabolic features and expression of genes belonging to the melanocortinergic system, we developed Diet-Induced-Obesity (DIO) in mice fed high-fat-diet (HFD). After weaning, F1-descendants were fed the same diet than dams up to 16 weeks or received a ...
Chen Juan - - 2010
Over the last decade, much evidence emerged to suggest that alterations in maternal diets during pregnancy may irreversibly affect aspects of physiological and biochemical functions in the fetus. To explore the effects of maternal dietary treatments with dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) on lipid metabolism in the embryo, we investigated serum lipid profile ...
Brion Marie-Jo A MJ Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. - - 2010
High maternal dietary intakes in pregnancy may lead to increased fetal growth and program neuroendocrine pathways that result in greater appetite, energy intake, and adiposity in offspring later in life. Few prospective dietary studies have explored this relation. The objective was to assess associations of maternal dietary intake in pregnancy ...
Ball Evan R - - 2010
Endocrine disruptors, chemicals that disturb the actions of endogenous hormones, have been implicated in birth defects associated with hormone-dependent development. Phytoestrogens are a class of endocrine disruptors found in plants. In the current study we examined the effects of exposure at various perinatal time periods to genistein, a soy phytoestrogen, ...
El-Sayyad Hassan I - - 2010
Sixty fertile female and male albino rats of Wistar strain (I male/ 3 females) were used in the present study. The females were divided into four groups of ten rats each. Group 1 received water and standard feeds for thirty-four days. Group 2 was fed with a cholesterol-containing diet (1%) ...
Silva-Oliveira Eliane M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of daily coffee ingestion on hepatocarcinogenesis in rats submitted to the resistant hepatocyte (RH) model. During lactation, the dams were fed a control or a coffee-supplemented diet. After weaning, male pups followed the same dietary protocol and were submitted to ...
Chen C-Y Oliver - - 2010
Early exposure to suboptimal nutrition during perinatal period imposes risk to metabolic disorders later in life. Fructose intake has been associated with increases in de novo lipogenesis, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and obesity. Excess consumption of saturated fat is associated with metabolic disorders. Objective of this animal study was to investigate ...
Cerf Marlon E - - 2010
High saturated fat intake contributes to insulin resistance, beta-cell failure, and type 2 diabetes. Developmental programming refers to a stimulus or insult during critical periods of life which includes fetal and subsequent early neonatal life. Programming alters offspring physiology and metabolism with both immediate and lasting consequences. Maternal nutrition in ...
Schroeder Mariana - - 2010
The OLETF rat is an animal model of early onset hyperphagia induced obesity, presenting multiple pre-obese characteristics during the suckling period. In the present study, we used a cross-fostering strategy to assess whether interactions with obese dams in the postnatal environment contributed to the development of obesity. On postnatal Day ...
Bol Vanesa - - 2010
A link between early mismatched nutritional environment and development of components of the metabolic syndrome later in life has been shown in epidemiological and animal data. The aim of this study was to investigate whether an early mismatched nutrition produced by catch-up growth after fetal protein restriction could induce the ...
Gosby Alison K - - 2010
This study tests the hypothesis that a high-fat postnatal diet increases fat mass and reduces improved insulin sensitivity (IS) found in the low-protein model of maternal undernutrition. Offspring from Wistar dams fed either a 20% (control (CON)) or 8% (low protein (LP)) protein diet during gestation and lactation were randomly ...
Chen Jian-Hua JH University of Cambridge Metabolic Research Laboratories, Institute of Metabolic Science, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, U.K. - - 2010
Nutrition and growth rate during early life can influence later health and lifespan. We have demonstrated previously that low birthweight, resulting from maternal protein restriction during pregnancy followed by catch-up growth in rodents, was associated with shortened lifespan, whereas protein restriction and slow growth during lactation increased lifespan. The underlying ...
Troina A A - - 2010
We evaluated the effects of maternal dietary flaxseed during lactation on milk composition, body composition and sexual function of the adult female offspring. The dams were fed a control casein diet (C) or flaxseed diet (F, 25%) throughout lactation. F mothers showed higher serum 17beta-estradiol (E2) and leptin at weaning. ...
Nakashima Yoko - - 2009
To investigate the causes why pups of dams fed a low-fat high-carbohydrate diet (LFD) showed strong preference for fat, two groups of pregnant rats were fed either the LFD or the control-diet (CTD) during pregnancy and lactation. After weaning, pups in both groups were divided into two groups. Two groups ...
Lanham S A SA Bone and Joint Research Group, Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Division, Institute of Developmental Sciences, University of Southampton School of Medicine, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK. - - 2010
Peak bone mass is believed to partly be programmed in utero. Mouse dams and offspring were given a high-fat diet and offspring studied as adults. Female offspring from high-fat dams exhibited altered trabecular structure indicative of in utero programming. In utero nutrition has consequences in later life. Epidemiological studies suggest ...
Ramos Cristiane da F Cda - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of maternal malnutrition during lactation on prostate growth and estradiol serum concentration in the prostate of pups. At delivery, nine Wistar rats were separated into three groups: control group (C) with free access to a standard laboratory diet containing 22% ...
Maniam Jayanthi - - 2010
While the effects of maternal separation on pups are well studied, the impact on dams has attracted little attention. The consumption of palatable food is known to dampen stress responses in animals, and emotions influence food choice in humans. Here we examined the early- and long-term impacts of maternal separation ...
Wu Xianli - - 2009
Early developmental events influence the fine tuning of later susceptibility to adult diseases. Diet is a determinant of breast cancer risk, and our previous studies showed that diet-mediated changes in transcriptional programs promote early mammary gland differentiation. Although consumption of fruits is considered to elicit multiple health benefits, little is ...
Feres Naoel H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We investigated if alterations in the insulin-signaling pathway could contribute to reduced hepatic glycogen levels in adult rats subjected to a protein deficiency during intrauterine life and lactation and reared through to recovery on a soybean diet. METHODS: Rats from mothers fed with 17% or 6% protein (casein) during ...
Padmavathi Inagadapa J N - - 2010
We demonstrated previously that chronic maternal micronutrient restriction altered the body composition in rat offspring and may predispose offspring to adult-onset diseases. Chromium (Cr) regulates glucose and fat metabolism. The objective of this study is to determine the long-term effects of maternal Cr restriction on adipose tissue development and function ...
Dunn Gregory A - - 2009
Maternal obesity and diet consumption during pregnancy have been linked to offspring adiposity, cardiovascular disease, and impaired glucose metabolism. Furthermore, nutrition during development is clearly linked to somatic growth. However, few studies have examined whether phenotypes derived from maternal high-fat diet exposure can be passed to subsequent generations and by ...
Oostindjer Marije - - 2009
Exposure to flavors in the amniotic fluid and mother's milk derived from the maternal diet has been shown to modulate food preferences and neophobia of young animals of several species. Aim of the experiment was to study the effects of pre- and postnatal flavor exposure on behavior of piglets during ...
Liang Chengya - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Our present work joins growing evidence that gestational environment (maternal nutrition, health, and chemical exposures) strongly influences prenatal development (www.thebarkertheory.org). The present study suggests that maternal consumption of a diet high in saturated fats (HFD), which approximates the macronutrient content of fast food, impairs perinatal skeletal development. METHODS: In ...
Liang Chengya - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The developmental environment is thought to determine, in part, lifelong metabolic parameters and risk of adult disease. Effects of maternal malnutrition on fetal growth have been studied extensively, and the role of poor prenatal diet in elevating lifelong risk of cardiovascular and metabolic disease has been well characterized (www.thebarkertheory.com). ...
Hartil Kirsten - - 2009
Studies were conducted to determine whether maternal substrate utilization during pregnancy affects fetal growth and predisposes offspring to metabolic disease. Female wild-type (WT) and glucose transporter 4 heterozygous mice (G4+/-, a model of altered peripheral substrate utilization) were fed high-fat diet (HFD, 35.5% fat) or control chow (C, 9.5% fat) ...
Theys Nicolas - - 2009
Mitochondrial dysfunction may be a long-term consequence of a poor nutritional environment during early life. Our aim was to investigate whether a maternal low-protein (LP) diet may program mitochondrial dysfunction in islets of adult progeny before glucose intolerance ensues. To address this, pregnant Wistar rats were fed isocaloric diets containing ...
de Moura Egberto Gaspar - - 2009
Neonatal malnutrition is associated with metabolic syndrome in adulthood. Maternal hypoprolactinaemia at the end of lactation (a precocious weaning model) caused obesity, leptin resistance and hypothyroidism in adult offspring, suggesting an association of prolactin (PRL) and programming of metabolic dysfunctions. Metabolic syndrome pathogenesis is still unclear, but abdominal obesity, higher ...
Cox James J Metabolomics Core Research Facility, University of Utah Health Sciences, Salt Lake City, UT, - - 2009
To characterize the serum metabolome of a primate model of in utero high-fat exposure. Serum from maternal and fetal (e130) macaque monkeys exposed to either a high-fat or control diet were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Multivariate data analysis was performed to reduce the generated data set. Candidate metabolites were ...
van Straten Esther M E - - 2009
There is increasing evidence that the metabolic state of the mother during pregnancy affects long-term glucose and lipid metabolism of the offspring. The liver X receptors (LXR)α and -β are key regulators of cholesterol, fatty acid, and glucose metabolism. LXRs are activated by oxysterols and expressed in fetal mouse liver ...
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