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Whisner Corrie M CM Department of Nutrition Science,Purdue University,700 West State Street,West - - 2014
Soluble maize fibre (SCF) has been found to significantly improve bone mineral density and strength in growing rats compared with several other novel prebiotic fibres. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of SCF on Ca absorption and retention in pubertal children by studying the potential ...
Zhao Xiangmin X Department of Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 701 South 19th Street, LHRB Room 531, Birmingham, AL, 35294, - - 2014
A significant percentage of breast cancer victims will suffer from metastases indicating that new approaches to preventing breast cancer metastasis are thus needed. Dietary stearate (ST) and chemotherapy have been shown to reduce breast cancer metastasis. We tested the complementary use of dietary ST with a taxol-based chemotherapy which work ...
Alnouri Doha Mustafa DM Department of Food Sciences and Nutrition, Faculty of Food Sciences and Agriculture, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia. P.O. Box 2460, Riyadh 11451 Saudi - - 2014
The aim of this research was to study the different long term effects of consumption of dietary oil sources with varying omega-6/omega-3 (ω-6/ω-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) ratios on bone marrow fatty acid level, ex vivo prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) release, and mineral content of bone in rabbits. For this purpose, ...
Jones Peter Jh PJ From the Richardson Centre for Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada (PJHJ, VKS, and SP); the Risk Factor Modification Centre (DJAJ) and the Keenan Research Centre for Biomedical Science (PWC), St. Michaels Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; the Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods, Laval University, Québec City, Québec, Canada (BL, PC, AC, and LB-G); the Department of Nutritional Sciences (SGW, XL, JAF, and PMK-E) and the Department of Biobehavioral Health (SGW and CEM), Pennsylvania State University, University Park, - - 2014
It is well recognized that amounts of trans and saturated fats should be minimized in Western diets; however, considerable debate remains regarding optimal amounts of dietary n-9, n-6, and n-3 fatty acids.OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine the effects of varying n-9, n-6, and longer-chain n-3 fatty acid composition on ...
Jiang S S College of Animal Science and Technology, Southwest University, Chongqing, P. R. China - - 2014
Fatty liver is a common energy metabolic disorder in caged laying hens. Considering that the egg industry is shifting from conventional cages to alternative housing systems such as enriched cages, the objective of this study was to determine the effects of perches on fat deposition and liver health in laying ...
Akhlaghi A A Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71441-65186, - - 2014
Exposure to high levels of polyunsaturated fatty acid predisposes spermatozoa to lipid peroxidation, resulting in their decreased fertility. Ginger powder (GP), which is high in antioxidative compounds, was fed to aged breeder roosters to improve their reproductive performance. Seventy-five 52-wk-old Cobb 500 breeder roosters randomly received either 0 (GP0), 15 ...
Garrett Caroline M CM Department of Molecular and Comparative Pathobiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. - - 2014
The use of a commercial 4-drug diet has been shown to eradicate Helicobacter spp. from immunocompetent mice and those with innate immunodeficiencies. However the efficacy of this diet has not been confirmed in mice with altered adaptive immunity. We hypothesized that an 8-wk treatment with medicated diet would eradicate H. ...
Vargas-Rodriguez C F CF Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan - - 2014
Recent studies have observed positive effects of both sucrose and exogenous amylase on the productivity of dairy cattle. Our objective was to evaluate direct effects and interactions of amylase and sucrose on dry matter intake (DMI), milk production, and milk components. Forty-eight multiparous Holstein cows between 70 and 130 d ...
Swyers K L KL Colorado State University, Fort Collins, - - 2014
Two-hundred fifty-two cross-bred yearling steers (406 ± 24 kg BW) were used in a completely randomized block design with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments (7 pens/treatment) to evaluate the effects of dietary Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product (SFP) and monensin (MON) on growth performance and carcass characteristics. Dietary ...
Voloshin Irina - - 2014
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a continuum of diseases that include simple steatosis and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) ultimately leading to cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma and end stage liver failure. Currently there is no approved treatment for NASH. It is known that bile acids not only have physiological roles in lipid ...
Xu Rui-Xia RX Division of Dyslipidemia, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Fu Wai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Disease, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, 100037, Beijing, - - 2014
Statins can significantly reduce low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (LDL-C) and modestly raise or not alter high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (HDL-C). However, their impact on HDL subfractions and LDL subfractions has less been examined. The objective of this study was to investigate the short-term impact of low-dose atorvastatin on ...
Gotto Antonio M AM Jr 1Office of the Vice President, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, - - 2014
Anacetrapib is a cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) inhibitor that has previously been shown to reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and raise high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in patients with or at high risk of coronary heart disease in the 76-week, placebo-controlled, Determining the Efficacy and Tolerability of CETP Inhibition with ...
Yasui T T Department of Animal Science, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY - - 2014
Multiparous Holstein cows (n = 60) were used to determine effects of supplementing hydroxy forms of Zn, Cu, and Mn compared with 2 other common supplementation strategies on oxidative metabolism, cytological endometritis, and performance of transition cows. After a 1-wk pretreatment period, cows were assigned randomly to 1 of 3 ...
Yuan K K Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate effects of chromium propionate (CrPr), rumen-protected lysine and methionine (RPLM), or both on metabolism, neutrophil function, and adipocyte size in lactating dairy cows (38 ± 15 d in milk). Forty-eight individually fed Holstein cows (21 primiparous, 27 multiparous) were stratified by calving ...
Cappellozza B I BI Oregon State University - Eastern Oregon Agricultural Research Center, Burns, OR - - 2014
Two experiments evaluated the influence of supplement composition on ruminal forage disappearance, performance, and physiological responses of Angus × Hereford cattle consuming a low-quality cool-season forage (8.7 % CP and 57 % TDN). In Exp. 1, 6 rumen-fistulated steers housed in individual pens were assigned to an incomplete 3 x ...
Rosenson Robert S RS Cardiometabolic Disorders, Mt. Sinai Heart, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 1425 Madison Avenue, MC1 Level, New York, NY, 10029, USA, - - 2014
In addition to lowering hemoglobin A1C, colesevelam has been shown to improve the atherogenic lipoprotein profile of subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) when used in combination with metformin and/or sulfonylureas. A recent study evaluated the effects of colesevelam as antidiabetes monotherapy in adults with T2DM who had inadequate ...
Kim Minseok M Department of Animal Sciences, The Ohio State University, 2029 Fyffe Road, Columbus, OH, USA, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the ruminal bacterial communities as affected by monensin, haylage, and their interaction of feedlot cattle fed 60 % dried distillers grains with solubles in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design. Pyrosequencing analysis of the V1-V3 region (about 500 bp) of 16S rRNA gene from ...
Okanishi H H Laboratory of Comprehensive Veterinary Clinical Studies, Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Bioresource Sciences, Nihon University, Kanagawa, - - 2014
Intestinal lymphangiectasia (IL), a type of protein-losing enteropathy (PLE), is a dilatation of lymphatic vessels within the gastrointestinal tract. Dietary fat restriction previously has been proposed as an effective treatment for dogs with PLE, but limited objective clinical data are available on the efficacy of this treatment. To investigate the ...
Kapetanakis M M Department of Paediatric Neurology, Pediatric Child Neurology, Skåne University Hospital, 22185 Lund, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ketogenic diet is a well-established treatment in children with difficult to treat epilepsy. Very little is known about the long-term effects on vascular atherogenic and biochemical processes of this high-fat and low carbohydrate and protein diet. We evaluated 26 children after one year and 13 children after two years of ...
Vyas D D Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Lethbridge Research Center, Lethbridge, Alberta, T1J 4B1, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to test the efficacy of different Propionibacterium strains in mitigating methane (CH4) emissions in beef heifers fed a high forage diet. Twenty ruminally cannulated beef heifers were used in a randomized block design with 28-d periods. Treatments included: 1) Control, 2) Propionibacterium acidipropionici strain ...
Alligier Maud M Nutrition and Metabolism Research Group, LDRI, Université catholique de Louvain, Brussels, - - 2014
Objectives: To investigate if inulin-type fructan (ITF) prebiotics could counteract the thiazolidinedione (TZD, PPARγ activator) induced-fat mass gain, without affecting its beneficial effect on glucose homeostasis, in high-fat (HF) diet fed mice. Design and Methods: Male C57bl6/J mice were fed a HF diet alone or supplemented with ITF prebiotics (0.2g/day*mouse) ...
DA Silva França Franciane F Campus Reitor João David Ferreira Lima, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Departamento de Análises Clinicas, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, sala 109, Trindade, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. 88040-970. - - 2014
The present study investigated the relationship between intestinal bifidobacteria and intake of commercial dietary oils of different fatty acids compositions on the development of aberrant crypt foci (ACF). Wistar rats were grouped according to diet and treatment with dimethylhydrazine (DMH): standard diet (CN), canola oil (CAN), olive oil (OLI), corn ...
Fajkosova Katerina - - 2014
In this study, the efficacy of non-contact, selective radiofrequency (RF) were evaluated for body contouring as non-invasive fat and circumferential reduction of the abdomen. 40 healthy (36 female, 4 male) subjects showing significant volume of subcutaneous fat tissue on the abdomen and waistline were included. Once a week for 30 ...
Lavieri N N Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, P.O. Box 110910, Gainesville, FL 32611 - - 2014
This study evaluated effects of modified atmosphere (MAP, 0.4% carbon monoxide [CO], 30% carbon dioxide, and 69.6% nitrogen), vacuum (VP) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) packaging systems and fat levels (10, 20 and 30% fat) on ground beef stored at 4±1°C for 25days for microbiology, sensory, pH, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances ...
Chanjula P P Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Natural Resources, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla 90112, - - 2014
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of increasing concentrations of crude glycerin (CGLY) in diets on nutrient utilization, ruminal fermentation characteristics, and nitrogen utilization of goats. Four male crossbred (Thai Native×Anglo Nubian) goats, with an average initial weight of 26±3.0 kg, were randomly assigned according to a 4×4 ...
Hwang Caroline C *Division of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases, Department of Medicine, Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California (USC), Los Angeles, CA; †UCSF Center for Colitis and Crohn's Disease, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, UCSF School of Medicine, San Francisco, - - 2014
: The evolving understanding of the role of the microbiome and environmental factors in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease makes diet an interesting and potentially powerful tool in the treatment of disease. However, at this time, evidence is limited but anecdotal reports of success abound. There is a bewildering ...
Sanchez P H PH Department of Animal and Range Sciences, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces - - 2014
Cattle grazing dormant western rangelands may have a high ruminal acetate to propionate ratio (A:P) and may have low tissue clearance of acetate. Increasing propionate production could shift this ratio and improve animal performance. In Exp. 1, the effect of Propionibacterium acidipropionici P169 (PA) on forage digestibility and VFA production ...
Shin Hyun-Soo HS Internal Medicine of Cardiovascular, Daejeon Oriental Hospital of Oriental Medical Collage of Daejeon University, 22-5 Daehung-dong, Jung-gu, Daejeon, 301-724, Republic of - - 2014
Artemisia iwayomogi Kitamura and Curcuma longa Linne (ACE) has been popularly used to treat the atherosclerosis as well as hyperlipidemia in the Asia countries. Antiatherosclerotic and anti-hyperlipidemic effects of ACE were evaluated at protein and gene expression level by using apoE-/- mice. Apoprotein E deficient (apoE(-/-)) mice were randomly divided ...
Quesnel H H INRA, UMR1348 PEGASE, F-35590 Saint-Gilles, - - 2014
Pre-weaning piglet mortality is largely attributed to the incidence of low birth weight and birth weight variation within litter. Therefore, developing strategies to increase within-litter uniformity of piglet birth weight is important. This study investigated the effects of different feeding strategies based on specific nutrient supplies in sow diet on ...
Colombo Ottavia - - 2014
Attrition is an important but understudied issue that plays a vital role in the successful treatment of obesity. To date, most studies focusing on attrition rates and/or its predictors have been based on pretreatment data routinely collected for other purposes. Our study specifically aims at identifying the predictors of drop-out ...
Wen C C College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, P. R. - - 2014
To investigate the mechanism underlying the regulatory effect of Met on broiler growth, this study evaluated the performance, organ development, serum parameters, myogenic gene expression, and myostatin gene exon 1 region methylation of broilers in response to dietary Met status. A total of 192 1-day-old Arbor Acres broiler chicks were ...
Young Shin Seo S College of Pharmacy and Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, South - - 2014
Sirtuins maintain energy balance. Particularly, sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) activation mimics calorie restriction and nutrient utilization. However, no medications are available for the up-regulation of SIRT1. Methylene blue (MB) had been in clinical trials for the treatment of neurological diseases. This study investigated the effect of MB on sirtuin expression in ...
Michelini Ilaria I Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, Clinica Medica II, Vascular and Metabolic Diseases, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo Foundation Pavia, - - 2014
Diet attrition and failure of long term treatment are very frequent in obese patients. This study aimed to identify pre-treatment variables determining dropout and to customise the characteristics of those most likely to abandon the program before treatment, thus making it possible to modify the therapy to increase compliance. A ...
Stone Neil J - - 2014
In November 2013, the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) released a clinical practice guideline on the treatment of blood cholesterol to reduce cardiovascular risk in adults. This synopsis summarizes the major recommendations. In 2008, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute convened the Adult Treatment Panel ...
Okumura Kenji K Department of Cardiology, Toki Municipal General Hospital, 703-24 Tokiguchi, Tokitsu-cho, Toki, Gifu, 509-5193, Japan, - - 2014
This study is a prospective multicenter study designed to investigate the effects of lipid-lowering therapy with pitavastatin on atherosclerotic plaque in patients with coronary heart disease, and to determine which factor is more closely associated with plaque regression. Participants (n = 63) were treated with pitavastatin for 12 months, and the carotid intima-media ...
Cobo Nicole H NH 1Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles and Mattel Children's Hospital at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
Refractory status epilepticus carries significant morbidity and mortality. Recent reports have promoted the use of the ketogenic diet as an effective treatment for refractory status epilepticus. We describe our recent experience with instituting the ketogenic diet for 4 critically ill children in refractory status epilepticus, ranging in age from 9 ...
Champ Colin E CE Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, UPMC CancerCenter at UPMC St. Margaret, 200 Delafield Road, Pittsburgh, PA, 15215, USA, - - 2014
Retrospective data suggests that low serum glucose levels during the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) may improve clinical outcomes. As such, many patients are implementing a ketogenic diet (KD) in order to decrease serum glucose flux while simultaneously elevating circulating ketones during radiation therapy and chemotherapy for the treatment of ...
Myers A J AJ Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, College of - - 2014
Three studies were conducted to compare the effects of 4 different porcine intestinal mucosa products (PEP2, PEP2+, Peptone 50, and PEP-NS; TechMix Inc., Stewart, MN) with select menhaden fish meal (SMFM) on nursery pig performance. These intestine-derived mucosal ingredients are byproducts of heparin production, with a similar amount of mucosal ...
Collins Samuel R SR Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, North Ryde, NSW 2109, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Yeast hydrolysate supplements promote maturation of many tephritid flies targeted for control using the sterile insect technique (SIT), including Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni; 'Q-fly'). Recently, application of the juvenile hormone analogue methoprene has been demonstrated to further promote maturation in some species. We here investigate the separate and combined ...
Silbernagel Guenther G Department of Angiology, Swiss Cardiovascular Center, Inselspital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland; Division of Endocrinology, Diabetology, Nephrology, Vascular Disease, and Clinical Chemistry, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is broad evidence that lowering low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol will reduce cardiovascular risk. However, in patients on maintenance hemodialysis treatment, lowering LDL cholesterol is not as effective in preventing cardiovascular complications as in the general population. Cholesterol is either endogenously synthesized or absorbed from the intestine. It has been ...
Crujeiras A B AB Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago (CHUS) and Santiago de Compostela University (USC), C/Choupana, s/n, 15706, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, - - 2014
Leptin and ghrelin appear to play a role in weight regain after a successful weight loss. The pre-treatment plasma levels of leptin/ghrelin ratio (L/G) could have power to predict this clinically relevant issue in the obesity treatment. To evaluate the ability of the L/G as a non-invasive tool for the ...
Rezac D J DJ Kansas State University, Manhattan, - - 2014
Two products designed to deliver supplemental anions were evaluated for their effects on DMI, total serum Ca, and performance of transition dairy cows relative to a control diet that did not contain supplemental anions. Diets differed in dietary cation-anion difference (DCAD) and anion source. Treatments were diets including a control ...
Brekke Hilde K HK Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
To examine the effects of Diet (D) and Exercise (E) interventions on cardiovascular fitness, waist circumference, blood lipids, glucose metabolism, inflammation markers, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and blood pressure in overweight and obese lactating women. At 10-14 wk postpartum, 68 Swedish women with a self-reported pre-pregnancy BMI of 25-35 ...
Woo Shih-Lung SL Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, United States of - - 2014
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is closely associated with obesity and insulin resistance. To better understand the pathophysiology of obesity-associated NAFLD, the present study examined the involvement of liver and adipose tissues in metformin actions on reducing hepatic steatosis and inflammation during obesity. C57BL/6J mice were fed a high-fat diet ...
Reddy Srinivasa T - - 2014
Despite strong evidence that HDL-cholesterol levels predict atherosclerotic events in a population, attempts at using and HDL-based treatment strategy have not yet been successful. Most of the efforts to date have focused on raising plasma HDL-cholesterol levels. This brief review focuses on a different strategy, which is based on the ...
Newman John W JW USDA, ARS, WHNRC, Obesity and Metabolism Research Unit, Davis, CA, United States of America; Department of Nutrition, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, United States of - - 2014
Oxylipins mediate inflammation, vascular tension, and more. Their presence in lipoproteins could explain why lipoproteins mediate nearly identical activities. To determine how oxylipins are distributed in the lipoproteins of hypertriglyceridemic subjects, and whether omega-3 fatty acids alter them in a manner consistent with improved cardiovascular health, we recruited 15 dyslipidemic ...
Williams Deniece R DR Veterinary Medicine Teaching and Research Center, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, 18830 Road 112, Tulare, CA 93274, - - 2014
Following colostrum management training, a randomized field trial was conducted on a California dairy to determine the effect of supplementing pooled colostrum with either colostrum-derived replacer (CDR) or second-milking colostrum (transition milk) on failure of passive transfer (FPT) and preweaning morbidity risks. A total of 166 calves were randomly assigned ...
Wu Yizhen Y Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, - - 2014
A low-grade pro-inflammatory state is at the pathogenic core of obesity and type 2 diabetes. We tested the hypothesis that the plant terpenoid compound ginsenoside Rb1 (Rb1), known to exert anti-inflammatory effects, would ameliorate obesity, obesity-associated inflammation and glucose intolerance in the high-fat diet-induced obese mouse model. Furthermore, we examined ...
Aekplakorn Wichai W 0000-0002-3292-510X Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Rama VI Road, Rajdevi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand ; National Health Examination Survey Office, Nonthaburi, Nonthaburi 11000, - - 2014
This study determined the prevalence and management of dyslipidemia in Thai adults using data from the Thai National Health Examination Survey IV in 2009. Dyslipidemia was defined based on the Third Adult Treatment Panel guidelines. A total of 19,021 adults aged 20 yr and over were included. Mean (SE) levels of ...
Keyamura Yuka Y Free Radical Research Project, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Tokushima, Japan; Division of Biological Chemistry, Department of Molecular Biology, Showa University School of Pharmacy, Tokyo, - - 2014
Lowering the blood concentration of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is the primary strategy employed in treating atherosclerotic disorders; however, most commonly prescribed statins prevent cardiovascular events in just 30% to 40% of treated patients. Therefore, additional treatment is required for patients in whom statins have been ineffective. In this study ...
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