Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1425
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Sonne Christian - - 2008
Seven West Greenland sledge dog bitches (Canis familiaris) and their three pups were fed 50-200 g of contaminated West Greenland minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) blubber, and in a control cohort eight sister bitches and their five pups were fed a similar amount pork fat. Blood plasma and urine clinical-chemical parameters ...
Faber Willem D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate the potential adverse effects of di-2-ethylhexyl terephthalate (DEHT) on reproductive capability from exposure of F(0) and F(1) parental animals. METHODS: Four groups of male and female Crl:CD (SD)IGS BR rats (30/gender/group) were exposed to 0, 0.3%, 0.6%, and 1.0% DEHT in the feed ...
Nakashima Yoko - - 2007
To investigate the influence of fat-feeding dams on the food choice of their pups after weaning, each of three groups of dams was fed a low-fat diet (LHD), a high-fat diet (HFD) or a two-choice diet of LFD and HFD during pregnancy and lactation. Immediately after weaning, all pups were ...
Cherala Ganesh - - 2007
In the present study, we administered two low protein diets (LPDs) to rats during pregnancy and lactation and determined their effect on the ontogeny of select hepatic cytochrome P450 (P450) isoforms in their offspring. The L93 and LM76 LPDs were derived from the American Society of Nutrition recommended AIN93G and ...
Knight Brian S - - 2007
The objective of this study was to characterize offspring responses to maternal dietary restriction (DR) in two phylogenetically distant strains of mice: A/J and C57BL/6J (B6). Pregnant mice were fed 100% or 70% of ad libitum between 6.5 and 17.5 days (d) gestation. Offspring were fed 100% ad libitum postweaning. ...
Reynolds Rebecca M RM Endocrinology Unit, University of Edinburgh, Queen's Medical Research Institute, Edinburgh, - - 2007
Men and women whose mothers ate an unbalanced high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet in late pregnancy have raised blood pressure. We recently showed that they also have raised fasting plasma cortisol concentrations. Because raised fasting cortisol concentrations probably reflect a greater response to the stress of fasting and venesection, we suspected that ...
Lintault Laura M - - 2007
Exposure of rat dams to hypergravity during pregnancy is associated with increased pup mortality, reduced food intake, and decreased rates of glucose oxidation and lipogenesis in mammary tissue. We hypothesized that increased pup mortality is due to changes in maternal metabolism and not to reduced food intake of dams. Effects ...
Erhuma Aml - - 2007
The nutritional environment encountered during fetal life is strongly implicated as a determinant of lifelong metabolic capacity and risk of disease. Pregnant rats were fed a control or low-protein (LP) diet, targeted to early (LPE), mid-(LPM), or late (LPL) pregnancy, or throughout gestation (LPA). The offspring were studied at 1, ...
Teixeira Cíntia Vilanova - - 2007
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of maternal malnutrition during lactation on serum levels of testosterone and estradiol, testicular testosterone concentration, aromatase, testicular androgen (AR) and estrogen alpha (ERalpha) receptors expression in the pups at weaning. From parturition until weaning, Wistar rats were separated into three ...
Ohyama Ken-Ichi - - 2007
Styrene trimers migrate from polystyrene food container into foods. We evaluated the estrogenic activity of styrene trimers such as 2,4,6-triphenyl-1-hexene (ST-1), 1a-phenyl-4a-(1'-phenylethyl)tetralin (ST-2), 1a-phenyl-4e-(1'-phenylethyl)tetralin(ST-3), 1e-phenyl-4a-(1'-phenylethyl)tetralin (ST-4), and 1e-phenyl-4e-(1'-phenylethyl)tetralin (ST-5) using the reporter-gene assay with MVLN cells stably expressing the estrogen-stimulated reporter gene, and it was confirmed that ST-1, ST-3, and ...
Armitage James A - - 2007
We have previously reported that male and female offspring of Sprague-Dawley rats fed a diet rich (approximately 50% of caloric intake from fat) in animal fat (lard) during pregnancy and suckling (OHF) demonstrate cardiovascular dysfunction, including blunted endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in the aorta as well as reduced renal Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity. Cardiovascular ...
Haubner Laura - - 2007
We investigated the effects of maternal docosahexanoic acid (DHA) supplementation on pups' auditory startle responses and the composition of brain myelin. METHODS: Timed-pregnant rats were fed throughout pregnancy and lactation diets that contained 0, 0.3, 0.7 or 3% of total fatty acids as DHA. Milk was collected from culled pups' ...
Olsen Sjúrdur Fródi - - 2007
Recent research suggests that the diet consumed in, or shortly before, pregnancy can potentially lead to maldevelopment and diseases in the offspring, which may become apparent at any time from the embryonic stage until old age. For example, maternal diet may affect the chance of twinning (and associated complications), malformation ...
Hyatt M A - - 2007
The liver is a major metabolic and endocrine organ of critical importance in the regulation of growth and metabolism. Its function is determined by a complex interaction of nutritionally regulated counter-regulatory hormones. The extent to which hepatic endocrine sensitivity can be programed in utero and whether the resultant adaptations persist ...
Millis Richard M - - 2007
Previous studies suggest an association between dermal contact hypersensitivity and preterm delivery. We hypothesized that dietary protein deficiency produces cell-mediated immune hypersensitivity in pregnant animals and their offspring akin to those known to produce tissue damage. We compared the effects of feeding a 20% protein diet (controls) to those of ...
Takashima-Sasaki Kyoka - - 2006
Isoflavone (IF), a type of phytoestrogen, has multiple beneficial effects, but too much phytoestrogen can have adverse effects on offspring. To examine whether chronic exposure to high IF has adverse effects on reproductive development, mice offspring were exposed to IF through dietary administration to dams during pregnancy and lactation and ...
López-Soldado Iliana - - 2006
To determine the effect of under-nutrition during suckling in adults, at delivery female Sprague Dawley rats were allowed to lactate litters of either eight (controls) or sixteen pups each (large litter, LL). The amount of milk taken by LL pups was less than the controls and the concentration of triacylglycerols ...
Cambonie Gilles - - 2007
Developmental programming of hypertension is associated with vascular dysfunction characterized by impaired vasodilatation to nitric oxide, exaggerated vasoconstriction to ANG II, and microvascular rarefaction appearing in the neonatal period. Hypertensive adults have indices of increased oxidative stress, and newborns that were nutrient depleted during fetal life have decreased antioxidant defenses ...
Yu Bin - - 2006
Maternal diet during pregnancy has been proposed to modify female offspring's later susceptibility to develop breast cancer; however, most of the dietary factors identified thus far have led to increased risk. To identify dietary factors that might reduce offspring's breast cancer risk, pregnant rat dams were fed diets containing 6% ...
Franco Maria C P - - 2007
Maternal malnutrition is known to impair fetal growth and predispose to the development of hypertension and type 2 diabetes. Recently, studies have demonstrated that intrauterine malnutrition is followed later in male offspring by oxidative stress characterized by increased superoxide generation due to activation of NADPH oxidase and reduced antioxidant defenses. ...
Jansson Nina - - 2006
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) represents an important risk factor for perinatal complications and for adult disease. IUGR is associated with a down-regulation of placental amino acid transporters; however, whether these changes are primary events directly contributing to IUGR or a secondary consequence is unknown. We investigated the time course of ...
Taneja S K - - 2006
Maternal Zn deficiency has been suggested as the contributing factor for all congenital malformations during pregnancy particularly in diabetes. Maternal Zn-supplementation, therefore, was suggested as one possible nutrition intervention during pregnancy to improve its outcome. But a number of trials with Zn-supplementation are not consistent and discourage the use of ...
Cherala Ganesh - - 2006
We fed 2 low protein diets (LPD) to rats during pregnancy and lactation, and compared food intake and reproductive performance in the dams, and long-term growth in their offspring. The L93 and LM76 LPDs were derived from the American Society of Nutrition's recommended AIN93G and a modified version of the ...
Chamson-Reig Astrid - - 2006
Restriction of dietary protein during gestation and lactation in the rat results in a reduction in beta cell mass, insulin content and release in the offspring, and glucose intolerance when the offspring reach adulthood. The present study was designed to identify if a particular developmental window existed during prenatal development ...
Skilton Michael R - - 2006
Epidemiological studies suggest a link between fetal/early infant nutrition and adult coronary artery disease. In the present study, we examined the effects of altering nutrition during gestation, lactation and juvenile life on aortic structure and function in rats. Wistar rat dams were fed either a control or low-protein diet throughout ...
Catta-Preta Mariana - - 2006
We investigated the effect of fish oil (FO) treatment on cardiorenal structure of adult offspring from low-protein pregnancies. Three month old offspring were assigned to eight groups (four male groups and four female groups, n=8 each) (NP=normal-protein diet, LP=low-protein diet): NP, LP, NP plus FO, and LP plus FO. Left ...
Griffiths James C - - 2007
The present oral embryotoxicity/teratogenicity study of d-Ribose (DR) was conducted in female rats; 28 rats/group were exposed via the diet to 0, 5, 10, or 20% DR (0.0, 4.25, 7.94, 9.91g/kg body weight/day), from day 0 of gestation until Caesarian section and maternal sacrifice on day 21. All animals survived ...
Vega Gloria Lena GL Center for Human Nutrition, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA ; Metabolic Unit, Veterans Affairs Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas, - - 2006
Plasma lipid abnormalities commonly persist in patients with diabetic dyslipidemia in spite of statin monotherapy. The aim of this study was to determine whether fenofibrate plus low-dose nicotinic acid adequately improves the lipoprotein profile in patients with diabetic dyslipidemia who are being treated with a statin. In this open-label, crossover ...
Bieswal Florence - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether catch-up growth after maternal malnutrition would favor the development of obesity in adulthood. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Pregnant rats were submitted to protein or calorie restriction during the course of gestation. During lactation, pups were protein-restricted, normally fed, or overfed [reduced litter size, control (C) diet]. ...
Rao Suresh - - 2006
BACKGROUND: An experiment was conducted to find out whether ultrasound exposure leads to changes in postnatal growth and development in the mouse. METHODS: A total of 15 pregnant Swiss albino mice were exposed to diagnostic levels of ultrasound (3.5 MHz, 65 mW/cm2, I(SPTP) = 1 mW/cm2 Intensity(Spatial Peak-Temporal Peak), I(SATA) ...
Mueller Bridget R - - 2006
Stress experienced during pregnancy increases the risk for altered birth weights. Recent studies have revealed a link between abnormal birth weights and a future predisposition toward developing overweight or obesity. To determine the gestational time window when stress exposure produces the greatest impact on offspring body weight regulation, we have ...
Herrera E - - 2006
During pregnancy, lipid metabolism plays a major role to warrant the availability of substrates to the foetus. By using different experimental designs in the rat we have been able to answer several questions that were open about the short- and long-term effects of alterations of lipid metabolism during the perinatal ...
de Moura Egberto Gaspar - - 2007
Mothers' nutrition during lactation programs growth in their offspring. We studied the contribution of the growth hormone (GH) for this programming, evaluating GH mRNA expression. Lactating dams were grouped as follows: C, control diet with 23% protein; PR, 8% protein-restricted diet; and ER, energy-restricted diet, receiving the control diet in ...
Zaidi Deenaz - - 2006
During pregnancy and lactation in rodents, stanniocalcin-1 (STC-1) production by the ovaries is upregulated markedly and released into the circulation. The mammary glands are one target of this systemically delivered hormone. The purpose of this study was to lower serum levels of STC-1 in lactating mice through passive immunization so ...
Bailey M M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Chromium(III) picolinate, [Cr(pic)(3)], is a widely marketed dietary supplement. However, Cr(pic)(3) has been associated with oxidative damage to DNA in rats and mutations and DNA fragmentation in cell cultures. In isolated case reports, Cr(pic)(3) supplementation has been said to cause adverse effects, such as anemia, renal failure, liver dysfunction, ...
El Khattabi Ilham - - 2006
During perinatal development, the regulation of IGF system appears to be growth hormone (GH) independent. By using highly purified primary fetal hepatocytes, we investigated the role of prolactin (PRL) in the regulation of IGF system and hepatocyte proliferation. We also analyzed the consequence of a maternal low-protein (LP) diet on ...
Yu Zhen - - 2006
The fetus and neonate are sensitive targets for chemically induced carcinogenesis. Few studies have examined the risk/benefit of chemoprotective phytochemicals, given in the maternal diet, against transplacental carcinogenesis. In this study, B6129 SF1/J (AHR(b-1/d)) and 129Sv/ImJ (AHR(d/d)) mice were cross-bred. The polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DBP), was administered to pregnant ...
Lim Kyungjoon - - 2006
This study examines the effect of maternal protein restriction in rats on levels of cardiac fibrosis, myocardial capillarization, and media:lumen ratio of intramyocardial arteries in adult offspring. Female Wistar Kyoto rats were fed either a normal protein diet (NPD; 20% casein) or a low-protein diet (LPD; 8.7% casein) during pregnancy ...
Thone-Reineke C - - 2006
Maternal low-protein diet during pregnancy is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease of the offspring in later life. The impact of high-protein diet during pregnancy on the cardiovascular phenotype of the offspring, however, is still unknown. We examined the influence of a high-protein diet during pregnancy and lactation on the ...
Morgan Daniel L - - 2006
Exposure of pregnant Long-Evans rats to elemental mercury (Hg0) vapor resulted in a significant accumulation of Hg in tissues of neonates. Because elevated Hg in neonatal tissues may adversely affect growth and development, we were interested in how rapidly Hg was eliminated from neonatal tissues. Pregnant rats were exposed to ...
Rees William D - - 2006
Evidence to support an association between early nutrition and the development of obesity in the rat is equivocal. In this study we have investigated the postnatal growth, glucose tolerance, and adipocyte function of the offspring from pregnant rats fed with diets containing either 20% or 8% protein during gestation. By ...
Baumrucker Craig R - - 2006
Induction of protein expression in a tissue-specific manner by gene transfer over-expression techniques has been one means to define the function of a protein in a biological paradigm. Studies with retinoid reporter constructs transfected in mammary cell lines suggests that lactoferrin (Lf) affects retinoid signaling pathways and alters apoptosis. We ...
Pennington J S - - 2006
Palatable liquid diets for the administration of ethanol (EtOH) to animals have proven to be a major advance for the study of the effects of EtOH consumption under conditions of isocaloric nutrition of the control animals. Using a liquid diet, the original aim of the reported studies was to examine ...
Stringari James - - 2006
During the early postnatal period the central nervous system (CNS) is extremely sensitive to external agents. The present study aims at the investigation of critical phases where methylmercury (MeHg) induces cerebellar toxicity during the suckling period in mice. Animals were treated with daily subcutaneous injections of MeHg (7 mg/kg of ...
Tada Y - - 2006
Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), brominated flame retardant, is produced in the largest amounts globally for use in plastics or building materials. TBBPA has been detected in sediment, air at the dismantling plant or human serum samples. In the present study, we examined the effects of prenatal and postnatal exposure to TBBPA ...
Franco Jeferson L - - 2006
This study examined the exclusive contribution of methylmercury (MeHg) exposure through maternal milk on biochemical parameters related to the thiol status (glutathione (GSH) levels, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione reductase (GR) activities) in the cerebellums of suckling mice. The same biochemical parameters were also evaluated in the cerebellums of mothers, ...
Mozes S - - 2007
To investigate the relationship between early nutritional experience, ontogeny of the small intestinal functions and predisposition to obesity development, the following experimental models of male Sprague-Dawley rats were used: 1) rats in which the quantity of nutrition was manipulated from birth to weaning (day 30) by adjusting the number of ...
Guzmán C - - 2006
Recent studies demonstrate long-term programming of function of specific organ systems resulting from suboptimal environments during fetal life and development up to weaning. Nutrient restriction during pregnancy and lactation impairs overall fetal growth and development. We determined the effects of maternal protein restriction (MPR; 50% normal protein intake) during fetal ...
He Fang - - 2006
The present study examined the potential neuroteratological effects of paternal cocaine (COC) exposure using the novel mouse model of inhalational drug administration. In this model, mice were trained to self-administer COC in multi-hour daily inhalation sessions reminiscent of crack binges. The controls included males pair-fed with COC-inhaling animals as well ...
Vinggaard Anne Marie - - 2006
Prochloraz is an imidazole fungicide that is widely used in Europe, Australia, Asia and South America within gardening and agriculture. Screening studies have shown that prochloraz elicits multiple mechanisms of action in vitro, as it antagonizes the androgen and the oestrogen receptor, agonizes the Ah receptor and inhibits aromatase activity. ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >