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Murney R R AgResearch Ltd., Ruakura Research Centre, P.B. 3123, Hamilton 3240, New Zealand; Institute of Agriculture and Environment, College of Sciences, Massey University, P.B. 11222, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
In dairy cows, short-term changes of milking frequency in early lactation have been shown to produce an immediate and a long-term effect on milk yield in stall-fed cows. The effect is controlled locally within mammary glands and could be a function of either secretory mammary epithelial cell number or activity. ...
Wada Toshikazu T Department of Nephrology, Tokyo Medical University, 6-7-1 Nishishinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 160-0023, Japan, - - 2014
Dietary protein intake (PI) induces glomerular hyperfiltration and reduced dietary PI can be effective in preserving kidney function. However, there is limited information regarding the relationship between dietary PI and glomerular histological changes in chronic kidney disease. We investigated the relationship between changes in dietary PI and both the changes ...
Swecker William S WS Jr Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, 205 Duckpond Drive, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0442, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article gives practitioners an overview of trace mineral requirements, supplementation, and assessment in dairy herds. In addition, a step-by-step guideline for liver biopsy in cows is provided with interpretive results from a sample herd.
Carré B B 1INRA,UR83 Recherches Avicoles,F-37380 - - 2014
Thirty pelleted diets were given to broiler chickens (eight birds per diet; 21 to 35 days of age) for individual in vivo measurements of dietary net energy (NE) value, using three trials with 10 diets/trial. Amino acid formulation of diets was done on the basis of ratios to CP. NE ...
Coristine Andrew J AJ Department of Radiology, University Hospital (CHUV) / University of Lausanne (UNIL), Lausanne, VD, Switzerland; CardioVascular Magnetic Resonance (CVMR), Research Centre, Centre for BioMedical Imaging (CIBM), Lausanne, VD, - - 2014
To improve fat saturation in coronary MRA at 3T by using a spectrally selective adiabatic T2 -Prep (WSA-T2 -Prep). A conventional adiabatic T2 -Prep (CA-T2 -Prep) was modified, such that the excitation and restoration pulses were of differing bandwidths. On-resonance spins are T2 -Prepared, whereas off-resonance spins, such as fat, ...
Jordy Andreas Børsting AB University of - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to investigate lipid-induced regulation of lipid binding proteins in human skeletal muscle and the impact hereof on insulin sensitivity. Eleven healthy male subjects underwent a 3-day hyper-caloric and high-fat diet regime. Muscle biopsies were taken before and after the diet intervention and giant ...
Boon Mariëtte R - - 2014
Macrophage markers in skeletal muscle of obese subjects are elevated and inversely relate to insulin sensitivity. The present study aimed to investigate whether short-term high-fat high-calorie (HFHC) diet already increases macophage markers and affects glucose metabolism in skeletal muscle of healthy lean subjects. Muscle biopsies were obtained from 24 healthy ...
Carstens P D PD a Department of Animal Sciences , Stellenbosch University , Stellenbosch , South - - 2014
Abstract 1. Feeding costs are the largest expense in an ostrich production system, and protein is one of the more expensive components of the diet. This study evaluated the growth response of ostrich chicks on diets containing different concentrations of protein (amino acids). The diets were formulated to contain three ...
Ravindran V V Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand - - 2014
Nutrient composition, ileal amino acid (AA) digestibility, and AME of 55 soybean meal (SBM) samples from the United States (US; n = 16), Argentina (ARG; n = 16), Brazil (BRA; n = 10), and India (IND; n = 13), collected from commercial mills in Southeast Asia, were compared using laboratory ...
Schuhmacher Marta M Laboratory of Toxicology and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, IISPV, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Sant Llorenç 21, 43201 Reus, Catalonia, Spain; Environmental Engineering Laboratory, Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Av. Països Catalans 26, 43007 Tarragona, Catalonia, - - 2014
This study was aimed at determining the concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) in 15 samples of adipose tissue from subjects who had been living in the vicinity of a hazardous waste incinerator (HWI). The results were compared with levels obtained in previous surveys carried out in 1998 ...
Detmann E E Department of Animal Science, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Brazil - - 2014
The objective of this work was to use a meta-analytical approach to evaluate the regulation of voluntary intake in cattle fed tropical forage-based diets using dietary digestibility and bulkiness. Treatment mean values were collected from 53 studies with lactating dairy cows and 126 studies with feedlot growing and finishing cattle ...
Argov-Argaman Nurit N Department of Animal Science, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
We examined the effects of concentrate-to-forage ratio in dairy cow rations on milk-fat composition, with a specific focus on the structure of milk fat globules (MFG). Twenty-four Holstein cows, 153 d in milk, were assigned to 2 dietary treatments in a crossover design study. Treatments were (1) high-concentrate (65%), low-forage ...
Hays Sean M SM Summit Toxicology, LLP, Allenspark, CO USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Selenium is an essential nutrient for human health with a narrow range between essentiality and toxicity. Selenium is incorporated into several proteins that perform important functions in the body. With insufficient selenium intake, the most notable effect is Keshan disease, an endemic cardiomyopathy in children. Conversely, excessive selenium intake can ...
Burt Nicole M NM University of Alberta, Department of Anthropology and Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2R3, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Reconstruct childhood diet using teeth collected in Edmonton in a collaborative effort between the Departments of Dentistry and Anthropology at the University of Alberta. Deciduous teeth needing extraction were collected from 33 children for stable isotope ratio analysis of diet. Tooth dentin was microsampled in three locations using a newly ...
Xu Juan - - 2014
Increased serum uric acid (SUA) is associated with dyslipidemia. However, there are conflicting data about the role of single lipid species including non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) in promoting SUA accumulation. Here, we aimed to compare non-HDL-C with other traditional blood lipid profiles in relation to hyperuricemia in a middle-aged ...
Xue P C PC Departments of Animal - - 2014
An experiment was conducted in growing pigs to investigate the additivity of apparent (AID: ) or standardized (SID: ) ileal digestibility of CP and AA in mixed diets containing multiple protein sources. Using the determined AID or SID for CP and AA in corn, soybean meal (SBM: ), corn distillers' ...
Toghyani M M Department of Animal Science, School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of processing conditions and chemical composition on ileal digestible energy (IDE), AME, and AMEn of 6 expeller-extracted canola meal (ECM) samples subjected to conditioning temperature at 90, 95, or 100°C and high or low screw torque over the second presses ...
Lin Jonathan J Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA; Rady Children's Hospital San Diego, San Diego, - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that children and adults with a history of Kawasaki disease (KD) are more likely to have abnormal lipoprotein particle profiles that could place them at increased risk for developing atherosclerosis later in life. Fasting serum samples were obtained from 192 children and 63 adults with history ...
Dutheil Frédéric - - 2014
We aimed to comprehensively evaluate lipoprotein profile including lipid particle size following a lifestyle intervention in metabolic syndrome (MetS) volunteers and to assess the associations between lipoprotein subfractions and carotid-intima-media-thickness (CIMT) - a surrogate indicator of atherogenesis. 100 participants (50-70 years) from the RESOLVE trial, underwent a one-year follow-up beginning ...
Cheng J B JB State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, P. R. China; College of Animal Science and Technology, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, P. R. - - 2014
This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of rumen-protected γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) on performance and nutrient digestibility in heat-stressed dairy cows. Sixty Holstein dairy cows (141 ± 15 d in milk, 35.9 ± 4.3 kg of milk/d, and parity 2.0 ± 1.1) were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 ...
Jahns Lisa L From the USDA/Agricultural Research Service, Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, Grand Forks, ND (LJ, LDW, and MJP); the University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND (LKJ); the Yale School of Public Health and Yale Cancer Center, New Haven, CT (STM and BC); and the Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (IVE and - - 2014
Objective biomarkers are needed to assess adherence to vegetable and fruit intervention trials. Blood carotenoids are considered the best biomarker of vegetable and fruit intake, but collecting blood is invasive and the analyses are relatively expensive for population studies. Resonance Raman spectroscopy (RRS) is an innovative method for assessing carotenoids ...
Ahmed S T ST a Department of Animal Science and Technology , Sunchon National University , 255 Jungangno, Suncheon , Jeonnam 540-950 , Republic of - - 2014
Abstract 1. The present study was conducted to develop Citrus junos probiotics (CJP), using by-products of Citrus junos fermented with multi-species probiotic bacteria including: Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Enterococcus faecium, Lactobacillus acidophilus, and Bacillus subtilis. The effects of dietary CJP on the growth performance, immune status, caecal microbiology and meat oxidative stability ...
Rodríguez Alicia A Department of Food Science and Chemical Technology, Faculty of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Science, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, - - 2014
Great attention has been addressed to the antioxidants presence in farmed fish feeds, being the replacement of synthetic antioxidants by natural ones a main objective. In the present study, Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) was fed a conventional diet that was enriched with different kinds of antioxidants: synthetic antioxidants (butylated-hydroxy toluene ...
Jeong Hyeon Tae HT Department of Radiology, Good Morning Internal Clinic, Changwon-si, Republic of - - 2014
To attempt a quantitative analysis of pancreatic echogenicity on transabdominal ultrasonography (US) and evaluate the correlation between pancreatic echogenicity and metabolic syndrome (MetS). We retrospectively evaluated transabdominal sonograms from 286 subjects. Mean pancreatic body brightness, mean perihepatic fat brightness, and the pancreato-perihepatic fat index (PPHFI) were measured, and reproducibility was ...
Kong C C Department of Animal Science and Technology, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, - - 2014
The objective of this experiment was to determine the concentration and digestibility of crude protein (CP) and amino acid (AA) in meat meal (MM), and to compare these values with the respective values in soybean meal (SBM). Six barrows (initial body weight = 66.9±3.8 kg) surgically fitted with a T-cannula ...
Owens Tammy J TJ Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, University of California-Davis, Davis, CA - - 2014
Objective-To determine total dietary fiber (TDF) composition of feline diets used for management of obesity and diabetes mellitus. Design-Cross-sectional survey. Sample-Dry veterinary (n = 10), canned veterinary (12), and canned over-the-counter (3) feline diets. Procedures-Percentage of TDF as insoluble dietary fiber (IDF), high-molecular-weight soluble dietary fiber (HMWSDF), and low-molecular-weight soluble ...
Muhlisin Department of Animal Products and Food Science, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 200-701, Korea ; Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia - - 2014
This study was conducted to observe the effects of crossbreeding and gender on the carcass traits and meat quality of Korean Native Black Pig (KNP) and KNP×Duroc crossbred (KNP×D). A total of 50 pigs comprising seven KNP barrows, eight KNP gilts, twenty KNP×D barrows and fifteen KNP×D gilts were used ...
Woyengo T A TA Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2P5, - - 2014
Immature green canola seed (full-fat green canola seed; FFGC) is rejected by canola crushing plants due to chlorophyll staining of oil destined for human consumption. With > 35% oil, FFGC can contribute energy to pig diets. The nutritive value of FFGC for growing-finishing pigs was determined in 2 studies. In ...
Maison T T Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, - - 2014
The digestibility of CP and AA by growing pigs in co-products from canola and 00-rapeseed may be influenced by the variety of seeds that were grown and the processing method used to extract the oil from the seeds. Therefore, the objective of this experiment was to determine the apparent ileal ...
Fitzgerald John S JS 1Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology and Public Health Education, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND; 2 Human and Sports Performance Laboratory, School of Kinesiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2014
The prevalence of insufficient vitamin D status is of concern and may negatively impact health and physical performance. The purpose of this study was twofold: assess the prevalence of 25(OH)D insufficiency among young hockey players and evaluate the association between 25(OH)D concentration and fat mass (FM) after adjusting for covariates. ...
Kopp Radovan R Department of Fishery and Hydrobiology, Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 1, 613 00, Brno, Czech Republic, - - 2014
Cyanobacteria are producers of potent and environmentally abundant microcystins, representing an emerging global health issue. In the present study, we investigated the impact of cyanobacterial biomass on biochemical indices of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L., average weight of 246 ± 73 g) under laboratory conditions. The fish were fed a diet containing cyanobacterial ...
Pelosi G G Institute of Clinical Physiology, CNR, Pisa, - - 2014
Baseline low/oscillatory wall shear stress (WSS) is assumed to be a determinant of artery/site specificity of atherogenesis. However, different flow and plaque metrics, spatial resolution and imaging co-registration accuracy may lead to different results in correlating site-specific WSS values and lesion probability/size. In this study we compared, by high resolution ...
Jian Zhi-Hong ZH 1Department of Public Health and Institute of Public Health,Chung Shan Medical University,No. 110 Sec. 1 Jianguo N. Road,Taichung City 40201,Taiwan,Republic of - - 2014
The present study assessed the effects of vegetarian and omnivorous diets on HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C), TAG and the ratio of HDL-C to total cholesterol (TC) by gender. HDL-C, LDL-C, TAG and HDL-C:TC were compared among three diet groups (vegan, ovo-lacto vegetarian and omnivorous). Multivariate linear regression analysis was performed ...
Talayero Beatriz B Harvard School of Public Health, United States; - - 2014
Human high-density lipoproteins (HDL) have highly heterogeneous composition. Plasma concentrations of HDL with apoC-III and of apoE in HDL predict higher incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD). The concentrations of HDL-apoA-I containing apoE, apoC-III or both and their distribution across HDL sizes are unknown. We studied 20 normal weight and ...
Kassouf Amine A ER004 "Lebanese Food Packaging", Faculty of Sciences II, Lebanese University, Jdeideth El Matn 90656, Fanar, Lebanon; INRA, UMR1145 Ingénierie Procédés Aliments, 1 Avenue des Olympiades, Massy 91300, France; AgroParisTech, UMR1145 Ingénierie Procédés Aliments, 16 rue Claude Bernard, Paris 75005, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Olive oil is one of the most valued sources of fats in the Mediterranean diet. Its storage was generally done using glass or metallic packaging materials. Nowadays, plastic packaging has gained worldwide spread for the storage of olive oil. However, plastics are not inert and interaction phenomena may occur between ...
Stefanutti Claudia - - 2014
Maintaining total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and triglyceride (TG) levels within healthy limits decreases the risk of atherosclerotic vascular disease (AVD) and cardiovascular (CV) events. The predictive value of elevated TG levels for coronary artery disease (CAD) seen in univariate analysis tends ...
Subramanian Murali M Pharmaceutical Candidate Optimization, Biocon Bristol-Myers Squibb Research and Development Center (BBRC), Syngene International Limited , Bangalore, Karnataka , India - - 2014
Abstract 1. The effect of age and obesity on the pharmacokinetics (PK), hepatic blood flow (HBF) and liver metabolism of 10 compounds was determined in rats. The animals fed a high-fat diet were defined as the diet-induced obese (DIO) group, while the animals that were aged similar to the DIO rats ...
Yáñez J L JL Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2P5, Canada Escuela de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala, México - - 2014
Nutrient digestibility in distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) is limited by constraints such as particle size and fiber. Wheat DDGS contains more fiber than corn DDGS that may reduce its nutritional value in swine feeds. Dry fractionation may create DDGS fractions with low and high fiber content; thus, wheat ...
Bovera F F a Department of Animal Science and Food Control, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine , University of Napoli Federico II , Via F. Delpino 1, 80137 Napoli , - - 2014
Abstract 1. The aim of this study was to assess regression equations able to predict the digestible energy (DE) and gross energy digestibility (GEd) of feed ingredients and diets for ostriches. 2. Results of chemical-nutritional characteristics from 17 ingredients (two varieties of maize, two barleys, oat, triticale, wheat bran, soybean ...
Ferreira Guilherme Assuncao GA Center for the Study of Physical Performance, Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Parana, Curitiba, Parana, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a reduced-carbohydrate (reduced-CHO) diet on the rate of perceived exertion (RPE) curve during an incremental test. Nine physically active men performed a progressive incremental test on a cycle ergometer (25 W·2 min-1) after 72 hours on either a control ...
Devincenzi T T Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), UMR1213 Herbivores, F-63122 St-Genès-Champanelle, France; Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Av. Bento Gonçalves 7712, CEP 91501-970 Porto Alegre-RS, - - 2014
We investigated the influence of the level of fresh alfalfa supplementation on fat skatole and indole concentration and chop sensory attributes in grazing lambs. Four groups of nine male Romane lambs grazing a cocksfoot pasture were supplemented with various levels of alfalfa for at least 60days before slaughter. Perirenal fat ...
de Vries S S Animal Nutrition Group, Wageningen University, PO Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, the Netherlands - - 2014
Marker methodologies to measure ileal and total tract digestibilities of diets varying in content and degradability of dietary fiber in broiler chickens were evaluated. Chromium sesquioxide (Cr2O3) and cobalt-ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (Co-EDTA) were used as markers of solid and soluble fractions, respectively, and compared with digestibility values obtained with the ...
Bazzocchi Alberto A Department of Specialized, Diagnostic, and Experimetal Medicine, University of Bologna. Sant'Orsola - Malpighi Hospital, Via G. Massarenti 9, 40138 Bologna, - - 2014
Objectives. To investigate the predictive value for hepatic steatosis of a new software for the quantification of visceral fat by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and to design new regions of interest (ROIs). Methods. Adult volunteers were prospectively screened for hepatic steatosis by ultrasonography to obtain a well-balanced population according to ...
Cheong Hyunhee H Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
To evaluate the Kupffer cell (KC) phagocytic function using superparamagnetic iron oxide-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (SPIO-MRI) in animal models with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Mouse NAFLD models with varying severity were created by feeding high-fat, high-cholesterol (HFHC) diets to ob/ob mice for 3, 6, or 12 weeks. SPIO-MRI was ...
Fotschki Bartosz - - 2014
Forty-eight male Wistar rats were fed diets containing low (0.051% of diet) or high (0.153% of diet) levels of an ellagitannin-rich (ET) strawberry extract with dietary fructooligosaccharides (FOS) or cellulose (CEL) for 4 weeks. The in vivo study demonstrated that some positive changes in the cecal metabolism resulting from the ...
Beck P P Institut für Tierernährung, and Institut für Tierhaltung und Tierzüchtung, Universität Hohenheim, 70599 Stuttgart, - - 2014
This study estimated the genetic variance components of P utilization in Japanese quail. A parental generation was assembled from an unselected random-bred Japanese fattening quail line. Seven sires and 14 dams were randomly selected, and each sire was paired with 2 dams to produce full and half sibs. A total ...
Yu Shih-Yi SY OmniHealth Group, Inc, New Taipei City, Taiwan, - - 2014
The physicochemical and sensory characteristics of pork frankfurters containing different levels (10% to 30%) of bacterial cellulose (nata) were evaluated. Emulsion stability of the raw meat batter decreased with the addition of nata. For nata-added treatments, increasing levels of nata in frankfurters resulted in decreased textural hardness and shear values. ...
Meloche K J KJ Department of Poultry Science, Auburn University, Auburn, AL - - 2014
An experiment consisting of 3 nearly identical trials was conducted to determine the AMEn content of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) to validate 4 previously published prediction equations for AMEn of corn DDGS in broilers. In addition, prior research data were used to generate a best-fit equation for AMEn ...
Srisurin Wasunt - - 2014
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is usually calculated by the Friedewald formula but it has certain limitations, especially in hypertriglyceridemia and diabetes mellitus (DM). Assess the reliability of LDL-C levels calculated from four formulas (Friedewald, Anandaraja and colleagues, Chen et al, and Vujovic et al) when compared to direct LDL-C measurement ...
Padra J T JT University of Debrecen Institute of Internal Medicine Debrecen - - 2014
In our experiments we compared the serum lipoprotein lipid composition of Fischer 344 (F344) and Long-Evans (LE) inbred rats as well as of their hybrid FLF1 from both sexes after feeding them for 2, 4 and 8 weeks with different diets. The following diets were used: 1) standard diet marked ...
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