Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1099
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Elseweidy M M MM a Biochemistry Department , Faculty of Pharmacy, Zagazig University , Zagazig 44519 , - - 2014
The anti-atherogenic potentials of total ginger (Zingiber officinale) extract (TGE) or curcuminoids extracted from turmeric (Curcuma longa), members of family Zingiberaceae, were compared in hypercholesterolaemia. Rabbits were fed either normal or atherogenic diet. The rabbits on atherogenic diet received treatments with TGE or curcumenoids and placebo concurrently for 6 weeks ...
Saalfeld Mara H MH Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; Emater/ASCAR, Pelotas, RS, - - 2014
Colostrum silage is an anaerobic fermentation methodology of excess farm colostrum used to conserve and provide as milk replacement for calves. The present study aimed to evaluate the levels of immunoglobulins present in bovine colostrum silage and its absorption by newborn calves. The concentration of immunoglobulins was determined in fresh ...
Cerretani Lorenzo L Pizzoli S.p.A., Via Zenzalino Nord 1 , Budrio , Italy - - 2014
Abstract Iodine is an essential micronutrient of the human diet. Deficiency of iodine is diffused in many areas of the world and mild deficiency is present also in developed countries around Europe. Biofortification of vegetables could represent a better strategy with respect to iodized salt in order to increase iodine ...
Barbero A A Departamento de Medicina y Cirugía Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s/n, 28040 Madrid, - - 2014
To determine the feasibility of MRI for imaging subcutaneous and visceral adiposity in longitudinal studies in obese swine models (Iberian pig). To establish the anatomical regions of interest (ROIs) and measurement points (MPs) adequate for their evaluation through analyses on the inter-individual variability and over-time reproducibility and through the assessment ...
Riley D G DG Department of Animal Science, Texas A&M University, College Station - - 2014
The objectives of this work were to compare the Criollo breed Romosinuano as straightbred and crossbred cows with Angus and Brahman in subtropical Florida, and to estimate heterosis for size traits of their calves, their own weight, and maternal efficiency traits. Cows (n = 404) were born from 2002 to ...
Watanabe Urara - - 2014
This retrospective study aimed (1) to confirm the relationship between pre- and postpartum metabolic parameters and postpartum reproductive performance and (2) to clarify seasonal characteristics of the metabolic parameters by using our metabolic profile test (MPT) database of Japanese Black breeding herds. Evaluation 1: MPT databases of multiparous cows whose ...
Nemechek J E JE Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, College of - - 2014
Five experiments were conducted to evaluate replacing fish meal, meat and bone meal, and poultry byproduct meal with crystalline AA for 7- to 12-kg pigs. In all experiments, pigs (PIC TR4 × 1050) were fed a common diet for 3 d postweaning, treatment diets for 14 d (d 0 to ...
Albarracín Micaela M Inst. de Tecnología de Alimentos - Univ. Nacional del Litoral (UNL), Santiago del Estero 2829, Santa Fe, Argentina. - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of diets with different types of fibres on Ca bioavailability and metabolic parameters in growing Wistar rats. Twenty four male Wistar rats were fed with 3 different diets: control (C), polydextrose (PD), and extruded whole maize (M) during a 60 ...
Yamaguchi Satoshi S Osaka University, - - 2014
Small intestines (SI) are the second-greatest source of HDL in mice. However, the selective evaluation of SI-derived HDL (SI-HDL) has been difficult because even the origin of HDL obtained in vivo from the intestinal lymph duct of anesthetized rodents is doubtful. To shed light on this question, we have developed ...
Zhou Yufeng Y Division of Engineering Mechanics, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Ave, Singapore, Singapore, 639798, - - 2014
Exposure to 2-MHz transcranial diagnostic ultrasound enhances the thrombolytic activity of intravenously administered tissue plasminogen activator (IV-tPA) in acute ischemic stroke (sonothrombolysis). However, rates of arterial recanalization vary widely, depending upon the clot burden, its location, and stroke subtype. We evaluated the influence of age and cholesterol level of the ...
Menezes-Garcia Zélia Z Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais , MG , Brasil - - 2014
Abstract The aim of the present study was to evaluate the potential of calcium supplementation from Lithothamnium muelleri algae on metabolic and inflammatory parameters in mice with increased adiposity. Male mice were fed and divided during 8 weeks in: control (C), a high refined carbohydrate-containing diet (HC), HC diet supplemented ...
Hacıhamdioğlu Bülent B Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Vascular aging is a chronic process, and many negative effects of obesity in this process have been well defined. We assessed arterial stiffness in obese adolescents and evaluated the relationship between intra-abdominal fat distribution and arterial stiffness. Arterial stiffness parameters and pulse wave velocity (PWV) were evaluated in 61 obese ...
Medina-Félix Diana D Departamento de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas de la Universidad de Sonora, Colosio s/n Col. Centro, Hermosillo, Sonora, CP 83000. Electronic address: - - 2014
An experimental investigation was performed to evaluate the productive and physiological responses of Litopenaeus vannamei that were infected with WSSV and fed diets enriched with Dunaliella sp., which had a high β-carotene content induced by nitrogen reduction in the culture medium. A basal diet containing 35% crude protein and experimental ...
Nyamushamba Godfrey Bernard GB Faculty of Agriculture, Women's University in Africa, P.O. Box, MP 1222, Mt Pleasant, Harare, - - 2014
A study was carried out to evaluate non genetic factors affecting milk yield and milk composition in Zimbabwean Red Dane and Jersey cattle cattle. A total of 1004 and 10 986 unedited Red Dane and Jersey 305-day lactation records respectively, were obtained from Livestock Identification Trust (LIT) containing 22 herds ...
Kósa István I Medical Informatics R&D Center, University of Pannonia, - - 2014
The paper describes the first, preclinical evaluation of a dietary logging application developed at the University of Pannonia, Hungary. The mobile user interface is briefly introduced. The three evaluation phases examined the completeness and contents of the dietary database and the time expenditure of the mobile based diet logging procedure. ...
Knapper Steven S Department of Haematology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
Elacytarabine is the elaidic acid ester derivative of cytarabine, designed to enter cells independently of nucleoside transporters. Effects of elacytarabine on QT interval, serum lipid profile and clinical activity were investigated in 43 relapsed/refractory AML patients. Mean maximum increase in corrected QT interval of 24(±29)ms occurred 48h after elacytarabine infusion ...
Garnett Bernice Raveche BR a Department of Education University of - - 2013
Fat Talk Free Week (FTFW), a social marketing campaign designed to decrease self-disparaging talk about body and weight, has not yet been evaluated. We conducted a theory-informed pilot evaluation of FTFW with two college samples using a pre- and posttest design. Aligned with the central tenets of the Elaboration Likelihood ...
Boudjeko Thaddée - - 2013
High fat diet is known to induce oxidative stress and abnormal changes in lipid metabolism. Many traditional plants have been shown to possess antioxidant and lipid-lowering activities, improving on oxidative status and lipid profile. In this paper, we characterized and examined the antioxidative properties of the oilseed cake of A. ...
Chang Felicia M FM Department of Psychology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, - - 2013
This study investigated whether appearance investment explains the association between fear of negative evaluation and dietary restraint. Data were collected from 305 undergraduate female participants in an online survey. Mediation analyses were conducted using Preacher and Hayes (2008) Indirect Mediation macro. Results showed that both components of appearance investment that ...
de Luis Daniel Antonio DA Center of Investigation of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Medicine School and Unit of Investigation, Hospital Rio Hortega, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, - - 2013
Background: The role of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) variants on body weight response after dietary intervention has not been evaluated so far. Objective: Our aim was to evaluate weight loss and adipocytokine levels after two hypocaloric diets with different macronutrient distribution in obese subjects with rs6923761. Design: A sample of ...
Sukirno Sukirno S Entomology Laboratory, Faculty of Biology, Gadjah Mada University. Jalan Teknika Selatan, Sekip Utara, Depok Sleman 55281, Indonesia. - - 2013
The objective of this research was to evaluate artificial diets that can be used to successfully culture the atlas silk moth, Attacus atlas L. (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) indoors. Four plant species were evaluated as the basic component of each diet, barringtonia (Barringtonia asiatica), cheesewood (Nauclea orientalis), soursop (Annona muricata), and mahogany ...
Wang Jing J Department of Nursing Systems, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Nursing, 6901 Bertner Ave, SON Room 614, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2013
Problem solving is a key component of weight loss programs. The Social Problem Solving Inventory-Revised (SPSI-R) has not been evaluated in weight loss studies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometrics of the SPSI-R. Cronbach's alpha (.95 for total score; .67 - .92 for subscales) confirmed internal ...
Sakurai Toshihiro - - 2013
The size of lipoprotein particles is relevant to the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). We investigated the feasibility of atomic force microscopy (AFM) for evaluating the size of large low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and small dense LDL (sd-LDL) separated by ultracentrifugation. The measurements by AFM in tapping mode were compared ...
Giannini C - - 2013
The Mediterranean diet has been recognised as having a protective role on the cardiovascular system due to its low lipid and high antioxidant content. Lipid profile and oxidant status represent two important risk factors related to endothelial dysfunction, even at early stages of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the study ...
Canella Daniela Silva - - 2013
Objective: This paper aims at analyzing the energy density (ED) of the diet of workers from the city of São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil, and the way this is associated with socio-demographic characteristics, as well as evaluating the relationship between ED and nutrient intake. Methods: A cross-sectional study evaluated the diet ...
Kim M K - - 2013
Chocolate milk varies widely in flavor, color, and viscosity, and liking is influenced by these properties. Additionally, package labels (declared fat content) and brand are some of the extrinsic factors that may influence consumer perception. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of packaging labels and brand ...
Celakovská Jarmila - - 2013
To evaluate with SCORAD system the contribution of the diagnostic hypoallergenic diet on the severity of atopic dermatitis and especially on the the intensity criteria and subjective parametersin patients over 14 years of age. The diagnostichypoallergenic diet was recommended for the period of 3 weeks. Severity of eczema was scored ...
Triki Mehdi - - 2013
This paper evaluates the nutritional values and stability during refrigerated storage of fresh beef merguez sausage as affected by a reformulation process which modified the fat content both by reducing fat (replacing beef fat with konjac gel) and incorporating olive oil (replacing beef fat with olive oil stabilized in a ...
Crawford John Ross - - 2013
A previously healthy 7-year-old Caucasian boy was hospitalised for evaluation of acute ataxia and failure to thrive, initially suspicious for an intracranial mass. Weight and body mass index were below the third percentile and he demonstrated loss of joint position and vibratory sense on examination. Laboratory studies revealed megaloblastic anaemia ...
Tan Xiao-Ling - - 2013
The flower bug Orius sauteri is an important polyphagous predator that is widely used for the biological control of mites and aphids. However, the optimal conditions for mass rearing of this insect are still unclear, thus limiting its application. In this study, we investigated the optimal ingredients of an artificial ...
Buell Jackie L JL Department of Human Nutrition, Ohio State University, Columbus, - - 2013
To help athletic trainers promote a "food-first" philosophy to support health and performance, understand federal and sport governing body rules and regulations regarding dietary supplements and banned substances, and become familiar with reliable resources for evaluating the safety, purity, and efficacy of dietary supplements. The dietary supplement industry is poorly ...
Zambad Shitalkumar P SP Torrent Research Centre, Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Gujarat, - - 2013
Patients with diabesity have a significantly increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Therefore, therapy addressing the multiple metabolic abnormalities linked with diabesity and leading to further reduction of cardiovascular risk is highly desirable. Activation of the TGR5 receptor holds therapeutic potential for diabesity. In the present study, we evaluated the ...
Zou Xiaoqiang - - 2012
Being the dominant components in human milk fat (HMF), triacylglycerol (TAG) composition might be the best approximation index to represent the composing characteristics of HMF. In this study, TAG composition of HMF from different lactation stages was analyzed by RP-HPLC-APCI-MS and the establishment of a model for precise evaluation of ...
de Souza Rodrigues Rafael Torres - - 2012
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of different levels of substitution (0, 33.3, 66.7, and 100 %) of elephant grass by hay of mango tree pruning (HMTP) on intake and digestibility in cattle and on the in vitro gas production. Moreover, the effect of tannin in HMTP on the ...
Hopkins D L - - 2012
An evaluation of the Hennessy Grading Probe (HGP) was undertaken using 557 lamb carcases for the measurement of subcutaneous fat depth (Fat C) and muscle depth (EMD; m. longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LL)) between the 12th/13th ribs. All carcases were probed on the moving chain at up to 10 carcases ...
Frigeri M - - 2012
Background Iodine deficiency (ID) still now represents one of the major worldwide health problems. ID is the result of insufficient dietary iodine intake. Iodine is an essential micronutrient but scarcely presents in nature. The main strategy for the correction of iodine deficiency is the fortification of table salt with iodide/iodine ...
Sifuentes Dos Santos Joice - - 2013
The occurrence of deoxynivalenol (DON) was evaluated in 113 wheat samples from the northern and central/southwestern regions of Paraná State, Brazil during the 2008 and 2009 growing seasons, and this rate of occurrence was used to estimate the DON dietary exposure. The DON determination was carried out by an indirect ...
Linder Deborah E - - 2012
Background: Risk of nutrient deficiency in dogs during caloric restriction is not currently known, while obesity is a growing concern. Objectives: To determine nutrients that might require further evaluation for the risk of deficiency during caloric restriction. Animals and methods: Five commercially available canine diets, representing a range of caloric ...
Collar Ryan M - - 2013
This discussion focuses primarily on lipoatrophy and periorbital deflation in relation to adjunctive fat grafting of the brow and upper eyelid. Like with all clinical information for cosmetic and reconstructive surgeons in this multidisciplinary review of rejuvenation of the brow and upper lid, the authors present anatomy, evaluation, patient expectations, ...
Rahmani-Cherati Tavoos - - 2012
In this study, we used a new computerized analytical method for the measurement of the endothelial function in sequential ultrasound images and compared it with histological studies, using the abdominal aorta in normal and atherosclerotic rabbits. Six rabbits received a standard rabbit chow as the normal group and the other ...
Johnson Joshua A - - 2012
Inhibitory signaling through Tyr985 of the leptin receptor contributes to the attenuation of anorectic leptin action in obese animals. Leptin receptor (LEPR-B) Tyr985Leu homozygote mutant mice (termed l/l) were previously generated to study Tyr985's contributions to inhibition of LEPR-B signaling; young female l/l mice display a lean, leptin-sensitive phenotype, while ...
Li Xiao Feng - - 2012
To investigate whether the advancement of puberty in response to high-fat diet (HFD) results from a concomitant increase in LH pulse frequency and kisspeptin (Kiss1) and neurokinin B (NKB) signaling in the hypothalamus, blood samples were collected on postnatal day (pnd) 28, 32, or 36 for LH measurement and vaginal ...
Müller Timo D - - 2012
The identification of leptin as a mediator of body weight regulation provided much initial excitement for the treatment of obesity. Unfortunately, leptin monotherapy is insufficient in reversing obesity in rodents or humans. Recent findings suggest that amylin is able to restore leptin sensitivity and when used in combination with leptin ...
Bootello Miguel A MA Instituto de la Grasa (CSIC), Av. Padre García Tejero, 4, 41012 Sevilla, - - 2012
Cocoa butter equivalents (CBEs) are produced from vegetable fats by blending palm mid fraction (PMF) and tropical butters coming from shea, mango kernel or kokum fat. In this regard, high oleic-high stearic (HOHS) sunflower hard stearins from solvent fractionation can be used in CBE production since their compositions and physical ...
Wolf Kyle J - - 2012
The current obesity epidemic clearly has many causes, including the impact of our modern world on both our diet and our lifestyle/physical activity. Although many interventions have been recommended, the prevalence of obesity continues to rise and has forced a re-evaluation of the potential interventions that could have an impact. ...
Shiina Yutaka - - 2013
Objective The visceral fat area (VFA) was measured, and the relationships between the VFA and the body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, and indices of lipid and sugar metabolism were evaluated. Methods The subjects included 607 consecutive patients who underwent VFA examinations using computed tomography (CT) scans. In ...
de Fátima Henriques Lourenço Lúcia L Universidade Federal do Pará - Rua Augusto Corrêa, 01 - Guamá, CEP 66075-110 Belém, PA - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate fat substitute in processing of sausages prepared with surimi of waste from piramutaba filleting. The formulation ingredients were mixed with the fat substitutes added according to a fractional planning 2(4-1), where the independent variables, manioc starch (Ms), hydrogenated soy fat (F), texturized ...
Scott J E - - 2012
The mandibular symphyseal joint is remarkably variable across major mammalian clades, ranging in adults from unfused (amphiarthrosis) to partially fused (synarthrosis) to completely ossified (synostosis). Experimental work conducted on primates suggests that greater ossification of the symphysis is a response to increased recruitment of the balancing-side (i.e. nonchewing side) jaw-adductor ...
Li Jincai - - 2012
NS0 cells require exogenous cholesterol for growth. The non-GS cholesterol-dependent NS0 host was treated with 5-azacytidine (5azaC), a demethylation drug, and adapted to grow in cholesterol-free, chemically-defined medium. Within seven weeks, a stable, cholesterol-independent NS0 host (NS0.CF) was obtained. The new NS0.CF host, as well as the original cholesterol auxotroph ...
Gong Meirong - - 2012
In the present study, the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on body weight and sensitivity of leptin in diet-induced obese rats were examined and the underlying mechanisms were explored. After feeding with high-fat (HIF) diet for 12 weeks, the diet-induced obese rats received electroacupuncture stimulation three times per week for four ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >