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Cho Sangbuem S Department of Animal Science, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Korea ; Animal Resources Research Center, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, Korea - - 2014
The present study investigated the optimum blending condition of protected fat, choline and yeast culture for lowering of rumen temperature. The Box Benken experimental design, a fractional factorial arrangement, and response surface methodology were employed. The optimum blending condition was determined using the rumen simulated in vitro fermentation. An additive ...
Hu Zhi-Geng ZG From the *Department of Clinical Nutrition, Zhu Jiang Hospital, Southern Medical University; †Department of Clinical Nutrition, Guangzhou Red Cross Hospital, Jinan University; and ‡Department of Clinical Nutrition, General Hospital of Guangzhou PLA, Guangzhou, - - 2014
A low glycemic index (GI) diet is beneficial for glucose control in patients with diabetes mellitus. This study aimed to investigate the influence of a low-GI diet on postprandial glucose levels in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Pregnant women with GDM were randomized to receive a normal diabetic control ...
Ainiyet Babajohn B 1Akershus Universytetssykehus - - 2014
Introduction Evidence for a possible association between a low level of cholesterol and increased suicidal behaviour has accumulated in the recent 3 decades. The present study investigates whether lipid levels can make state-dependent markers of suicidal behaviour in Polish patients with mood disorder recently admitted to a psychiatric hospital owing ...
Kiecolt-Glaser Janice K JK Institute for Behavioral Medicine Research; Department of Psychiatry , College of Medicine. Electronic address: - - 2014
Depression and stress promote obesity. This study addressed the impact of daily stressors and a history of major depressive disorder (MDD) on obesity-related metabolic responses to high-fat meals. This double-blind, randomized, crossover study included serial assessments of resting energy expenditure (REE), fat and carbohydrate oxidation, triglycerides, cortisol, insulin, and glucose ...
Hall James R JR Institute of Aging and Alzheimer's Disease Research, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, Tex., - - 2014
Background: Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in Alzheimer's disease (AD) are a major factor in nursing home placement and a primary cause of stress for caregivers. Elevated cholesterol has been linked to psychiatric disorders and has been shown to be a risk factor for AD and to impact disease progression. The present ...
Teive Hélio Afonso Ghizoni HA Serviço de Neurologia, Departamento de Medicina Interna, Hospital de Clínicas, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, - - 2014
During the second expedition to the South Pole, Commander Jean-Baptiste Charcot and some members of the crew of "Pourquoi Pas?" developed symptoms suggestive of scurvy. The clinical picture was totally reversed after dietary changes.
Kurhe Yeshwant Y Department of Pharmacy, Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani, Rajasthan, 333031, India, - - 2014
The aim of the present work was to investigate the role of ondansetron on the high fat diet (HFD) induced obese mice for behavioral and biochemical alterations using chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) model of depression. Animals were fed with high fat diet for 14 weeks and subjected to different stress ...
Robinson Dudley D Department of Urogynaecology, Kings College Hospital, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Overactive bladder (OAB) is a clinical syndrome describing the symptom complex of urgency, with or without urgency incontinence and is usually associated with frequency and nocturia. The symptoms associated with OAB are common and whilst not life threatening are known to have a significant impact on the quality of life ...
Joyce T T Dietetics, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
The low FODMAP diet is an effective dietary intervention for people with functional bowel disorders (FBD), which are common in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). One study has reported that half of patients with IBD report improvements in abdominal pain, bloating, flatulence and diarrhoea after following a low FODMAP ...
Watson L L Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
BAM is the unrecognised cause for loose stool for 500,000 people in the UK. It is increasingly recognised as a potential cause of distressing gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms after cancer treatment. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of low fat dietary interventions in the management of BAM. Patients with new ...
Mcgeoch V V Gastroenterology, Imperial College London, London, - - 2014
The low FODMAP diet is a diet used in patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome. The diet is based on evidence that fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) contribute to symptoms many people experience in Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), including: bloating, flatulence and diarrhoea.(1) This may be due to their ...
Hu Hua H Department of Neurology, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China ; Department of Psychiatry, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
A high-fat diet (HFD) is a well-known risk factor for cardio-cerebrovascular disease but the relationship between a HFD and depressive symptoms remains unknown. Compare changes in behavioral and measures of brain glucose metabolism in rats fed a HFD to those of rats fed a standard diet. Twenty male Sprague-Dawley rats ...
Wessells K Ryan KR Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA; - - 2014
Plasma zinc concentration (PZC) is a recommended biomarker to assess zinc status and the risk of zinc deficiency in populations. However, the relation between PZC and clinical signs of zinc deficiency remains uncertain. These analyses were conducted to evaluate the relation between PZC and clinical signs of zinc deficiency and ...
Tuck Caroline J CJ Department of Gastroenterology, Monash University and Alfred Health, Level 6, The Alfred Centre, 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne, Victoria, 3004 - - 2014
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) was previously left poorly treated despite its high prevalence and cost. Over the past decade, significant research has been conducted providing new dietary strategies for IBS management. The 'low fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols diet' has shown symptom improvement in 68-76% of patients. Randomized, controlled ...
Wang Shuling - - 2014
Depression and high-fat diet are both known as independent risk factors for atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular diseases, suggesting the interaction of psychological and physiological factors in the development of these diseases. The liver is a crucial organ that facilitate lipid metabolism especially in reverse cholesterol transport (RCT), while according to ...
Patra Bichitra Nanda BN Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
Lower levels of circulating lipid fractions and cholesterol are risk factors for impulsivity and depressive disorder. A lower level of serum cholesterol is also associated with patients presenting with history of self-harm. A total of 30 depressive patients and 30 healthy matched control subjects were recruited from the department of ...
Pase Camila Simonetti CS Programa de Pós-Graduação em Farmacologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria-UFSM-RS, Centro de Ciências da Saúde , Santa Maria, RS , Brazil - - 2014
Abstract Polyunsaturated fatty acids (FAs) are cell membrane components involved in brain functions. We hypothesized that long-term trans fat consumption is able to modify the membrane FAs composition impairing behavioral parameters related to aging. In this study, a comparison of behavioral parameters at 10 and 15 months of trans fat ...
Hayes Paula A PA Ms Hayes is a research dietitian and Dr Fraher is a research fellow at the Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre at the University College Cork in Cork, Ireland. Dr Quigley is a professor of medicine and human physiology at the University College Cork and chief of the Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at Houston Methodist Hospital and Weill Cornell Medical College in Houston, - - 2014
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common functional gastrointestinal disorder that affects approximately 10% to 20% of the general adult population in Europe and the Americas and is characterized by abdominal pain and altered bowel habits in the absence of reliable biomarkers. The pathophysiology of IBS is poorly understood and ...
Azpiroz F F Digestive System Research Unit, University Hospital Vall d'Hebron, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas (Ciberehd), Departament de Medicina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra (Cerdanyola del Vallès), - - 2014
Diets rich in fermentable residues increase intestinal gas production. Our aim was to demonstrate the potential effects of diet on gas-related symptoms. The effect of a low-flatulogenic test diet (restricted to foodstuffs low in fermentable residues; n = 15) was compared to that of a balanced control diet (Mediterranean type; n = 15) in ...
Poulose Shibu M SM USDA-Agricultural Research Services, Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, - - 2014
Because of the combination of population growth and population aging, increases in the incidence of chronic neurodegenerative disorders have become a societal concern, both in terms of decreased quality of life and increased financial burden. Clinical manifestation of many of these disorders takes years, with the initiation of mild cognitive ...
Staudacher Heidi M HM King's College London, School of Medicine, Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences Division, Franklin Wilkins Building, 150 Stamford Street, London SE1 9NH, - - 2014
IBS is a debilitating condition that markedly affects quality of life. The chronic nature, high prevalence and associated comorbidities contribute to the considerable economic burden of IBS. The pathophysiology of IBS is not completely understood and evidence to guide management is variable. Interest in dietary intervention continues to grow rapidly. ...
Olausson Eva A EA Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska, Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
Gastroparesis is a well-known complication to diabetes mellitus (DM). Dietary advice is considered to be of importance to reduce gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in patients with diabetic gastroparesis, but no randomized controlled trials exist. Our aim was to compare GI symptoms in insulin treated DM subjects with gastroparesis eating a diet ...
Konikowska Klaudia K Zakład Dietetyki, Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Piastów Śląskich we - - 2014
Multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, occurs most commonly in adults between 20 and 40 years of age. Etiology of this disease is still not known, and one of the analyzed environmental factors is food. In this study, based on literature, discusses the impact of ...
Hammamieh Rasha R United States Army Center for Environmental Health Research, Fort Detrick, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
The health benefits of fish oil enriched with high omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) are widely documented. Fish oil as dietary supplements, however, show moderate clinical efficacy, highlighting an immediate scope of systematic in vitro feedback. Our transcriptomic study was designed to investigate the genomic shift of murine brains ...
Guo Xuguang X Department of Health Studies, Westat Inc., Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States of - - 2014
Sweetened beverages, coffee, and tea are the most consumed non-alcoholic beverages and may have important health consequences. We prospectively evaluated the consumption of various types of beverages assessed in 1995-1996 in relation to self-reported depression diagnosis after 2000 among 263,923 participants of the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study. Odds ratios ...
Pascoe Michaela C MC Brain Sciences Institute, Swinburne University , Melbourne, VIC , - - 2014
Ischemic stroke is associated with motor impairment and increased incidence of affective disorders such as anxiety/clinical depression. In non-stroke populations, successful management of such disorders and symptoms has been reported following diet supplementation with long chain omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids (PUFAs). However, the potential protective effects of PUFA supplementation on affective behaviors after ...
Nunes Marília M de A MM Medicine and Health, Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, BA, Brazil; Universidade Federal de Campina Grande (UFCG), Campina Grande, PB, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2013
to describe the frequency and the factors associated with cholelithiasis in obese adolescents. this was a cross-sectional descriptive study performed with the adolescents between 10 and 19 years of age treated at the Child and Adolescent Obesity Outpatient Clinic from May to December of 2011. Obesity was defined as body ...
Fock Kwong Ming - - 2013
According to World Health Organization, in 2010 there were over 1 billion overweight adults worldwide with 400 million adults who were obese. Obesity is a major risk factor for diabetes, cardiovascular disease, musculoskeletal disorders, obstructive sleep apnea, and cancers (prostate, colorectal, endometrial, and breast). Obese people may present to the ...
Raheem Omer A - - 2013
Epidemiological and clinical data indicate that modifiable lifestyle factors - including obesity, physical activity, and diet - significantly influence the risks of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Modifiable factors associated with significantly increased risks of symptomatic BPH and LUTS include obesity and consumption of ...
Keane Deirdre - - 2013
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a complex multifactorial disorder and its incidence is on the increase worldwide. Due to the definitive link between obesity and the MetS weight loss strategies are of prime importance in halting the spread of MetS. Numerous epidemiological studies provide evidence linking dietary patterns to incidence ...
Pode-Shakked Ben - - 2013
Phenylalanine (Phe) deficiency and its clinical manifestations have been previously described mostly as sporadic case reports dating back to the 1960's and 1970's. In these reports, low plasma Phe levels were associated with listlessness, eczematous eruptions and failure to gain weight, most often in infants in their first year of ...
Manzanares Núria - - 2014
An unhealthy lifestyle is thought to contribute to the metabolic syndrome in subjects with psychoses. In the present study we aimed to study whether life stress or cortisol measures may influence dietary patterns in subjects with early stages of psychoses. We studied 81 subjects with early psychoses (65 subjects with ...
Halmos Emma P EP Department of Medicine, Eastern Health Clinical School, Monash University, Box Hill, Victoria, Australia; Department of Gastroenterology, Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
A diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAPs) often is used to manage functional gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), yet there is limited evidence of its efficacy, compared with a normal Western diet. We investigated the effects of a diet low in FODMAPs ...
Khoo J - - 2013
Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men are associated with obesity, particularly central obesity as measured by waist circumference (WC), and may improve with weight loss. We aimed to compare effects of a meal-replacement based diet with isocaloric reduced-fat plan on LUTS and nutrient intake in obese Asian men. Obese ...
Heman-Ackah Selena E - - 2013
We report the unique finding of a petrous apex cholesterol granuloma associated with a paraganglioma, also known as a glomus jugulare tumor, in a 52-year-old woman who presented to our department with pulsatile tinnitus, hearing loss, aural fullness, and disequilibrium. She had been treated for a petrous apex cholesterol granuloma ...
Kim Jae-Min - - 2013
Relationships between low total cholesterol levels and suicidality have been reported but there has been little investigation of this issue in older age groups. This study aimed to investigate longitudinal associations between serum lipid levels and suicidal ideation in an older population. 732 community dwelling elderly aged 65 or over ...
Kubrak Catherine - - 2013
This study aimed to validate the Head and Neck Patient Symptom Checklist(©) (HNSC(©)) by tracing the prevalence and interference with eating of nutrition impact symptoms (NIS) over time and by examining relationships among NIS included in the HNSC, energy intake, and weight loss. Height, weight, 3-day diet records, and HNSC(©) ...
Mazzawi Tarek - - 2013
Diet is important in triggering the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This study investigated the impact of dietary guidance on the symptoms, quality of life and habitual diet of patients with IBS. Forty‑six patients who fulfilled the Rome III criteria for the diagnosis of IBS were included. Of these ...
Putkonen Leena - - 2013
Fructose malabsorption is associated with gastrointestinal symptoms. This review examines new findings on the physiology, assessment and therapy of fructose malabsorption in functional gastrointestinal disorders. Additional GLUT transport mechanisms that regulate fructose absorption might be involved in symptom adaptation to high-fructose diets. Although glucose is known to facilitate fructose absorption, ...
Quirk Shae E - - 2013
Recent evidence suggests that diet modifies key biological factors associated with the development of depression; however, associations between diet quality and depression are not fully understood. We performed a systematic review to evaluate existing evidence regarding the association between diet quality and depression. A computer-aided literature search was conducted using ...
Manichanh Chaysavanh - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the influence of diet on abdominal symptoms, anal gas evacuation, intestinal gas distribution and colonic microbiota in patients complaining of flatulence. DESIGN: Patients complaining of flatulence (n=30) and healthy subjects (n=20) were instructed to follow their usual diet for 3 days (basal phase) and to consume a ...
Kuhn Fábio T - - 2013
The current Western diet often provides considerable amounts of saturated and trans fatty acids (TFA), whose incorporation into neuronal membranes has been implicated in changes of brain neurochemical functions. Such influence has caused concerns due to precipitation of neuropsychiatric disorders, whose data are still unclear. Here we evaluated the influence ...
Prieto Ricardo - - 2013
Management of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) centers around the 3 Ds: diet, drug therapy, and dilation. Unfortunately, there is not a consistent relationship between symptom relief and resolution of mucosal eosinophilia. Elemental diets are very successful in children, but poorly tolerated by adults. The 6-food elimination diet is more attractive to ...
Kuehnel Friederike - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) are susceptible to gastrointestinal diseases. Sensitivity to nutritional elements, for example gluten, has been suggested, but a serological screening has not been performed yet. METHODS: A gluten-containing diet was offered to 24 animals, followed by a gluten-free diet. During these diets, serum IgA antibodies to ...
de Roest R H - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Current treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is suboptimal. Fermentable oligo-, di-, mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) may trigger gastrointestinal symptoms in IBS patients. Our aim was to determine whether a low FODMAP diet improves symptoms in IBS patients. METHODS: Irritable bowel syndrome patients, who had performed hydrogen/methane ...
Shaaya Elias A - - 2013
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a highly variable, multisystem, genetic disorder that affects approximately 1:6,000 individuals. It has previously been thought that the cardiac manifestation of TSC is congenital rhabdomyomas, which occur during infancy and typically regress during childhood. Recently, there have been findings of cardiac fat-containing lesions in adult ...
Buie Timothy - - 2013
Autism is now a common condition with a prevalence of 1 in 88 children. There is no known etiology. Speculation about possible treatments for autism or autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has included the use of various dietary interventions, including a gluten-free diet. The goal of this article was to review ...
Shepherd Susan J - - 2013
Carbohydrates occur across a range of foods regularly consumed including grains such as wheat and rye, vegetables, fruits, and legumes. Short-chain carbohydrates with chains of up to 10 sugars vary in their digestibility and subsequent absorption. Those that are poorly absorbed exert osmotic effects in the intestinal lumen increasing its ...
Stuempfle Kristin J - - 2013
Context: Gastrointestinal (GI) distress is common during ultrarunning. Purpose: To determine if race diet is related to GI distress in a 161-km ultramarathon. Methods: Fifteen (10 male, 5 female) consenting runners in the Javelina Jundred (6.5 loops on a desert trail) participated. Body mass was measured immediately prerace and after ...
Gharaee-Kermani Mehrnaz M The Department of Urology, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2013
Progressive aging- and inflammation-associated fibrosis effectively remodels the extracellular matrix (ECM) to increase prostate tissue stiffness and reduce urethral flexibility, resulting in urinary flow obstruction and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). In the current study, we sought to test whether senescence-accelerated mouse prone (SAMP)6 mice, which were reported to develop ...
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