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Parsons B N BN Gastroenterology, Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool, L69 3GE, United - - 2014
Soluble plantain (Musa paradisiaca) non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) have previously been shown to prevent pathogen interaction with intestinal epithelium. Here we examined whether plantain NSP could prevent invasion of the intestinal mucosa by Salmonella enterica Gallinarum, a causative agent of fowl typhoid In vitro assays using B1OXI cells were performed with ...
Gary Anderson W W Department of Biological Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg MB, Canada, R3T 2N2; Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre, 100 Pachena Road, Bamfield BC, Canada, VOR1B0. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent examination of urea flux using gut sac preparations from the intestine of the spiny dogfish shark, Squalus acanthias, has shown that feeding significantly enhances urea uptake across the intestine, and urea uptake was significantly inhibited following mucosal addition of phloretin. The present study examined potential mechanisms of urea uptake ...
Lee K W - - 2014
The current experiment was designed to evaluate the efficacy of adding the multi-enzyme mixture (Natuzyme) into layers' diets with different levels of energy and available phosphorus in relation to laying performance, egg qualities, blood cholesterol level, microflora and intestinal viscosity. Two hundred and fifty 43-wk-old Hy-Line commercial layers were divided ...
Shao Yuxin Y State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Key Laboratory of Feed Safety and Bioavailability, Ministry of Agriculture, P.R. China, Beijing, P. R. China, - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of supplemental zinc on growth performance, gut morphometry, and the cecal microbial community in broilers challenged with Salmonella typhimurium, 180, 1-day-old male Cobb 500 broiler chicks were randomly assigned to 3 treatments with ten replicates for a 42 day experiment. The 3 treatments were: unchallenged, S. ...
Khan Muhammad Ali MA Department of Gastroenterology, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, - - 2014
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic gastrointestinal disease, which adversely affects the quality of life. Its prevalence has been reported to be around 10-15 % in North America and constitutes the most common cause for gastroenterology referral. Unfortunately, the pathophysiology of IBS is not completely understood. Not surprisingly, the management ...
Fang Cheng C College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, 712100, People's Republic of - - 2014
The effects of dietary supplementation of probiotics on digestive enzymes activities, intestinal morphology and microbiota in juvenile paddlefish (Polyodon spathula) were studied. A total of 400 fish were reared in two cages and fed with a basal diet (control group, CG) or diet supplemented with commercial probiotics (treatment group, TG) ...
Estaki Mehrbod M Mehrbod Estaki, Daniella DeCoffe, Deanna L Gibson, Department of Biology, University of British Columbia Okanagan, Kelowna V1V 1V7, British Columbia, - - 2014
Intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP) plays an essential role in intestinal homeostasis and health through interactions with the resident microbiota, diet and the gut. IAP's role in the intestine is to dephosphorylate toxic microbial ligands such as lipopolysaccharides, unmethylated cytosine-guanosine dinucleotides and flagellin as well as extracellular nucleotides such as uridine ...
Nicod Nathalie N Laboratory of Functional Foods, Madrid Institute for Advanced Studies (IMDEA)-Food, CEI UAM + CSIC, Madrid, - - 2014
High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) are atheroprotective because of their role in reverse cholesterol transport. The intestine is involved in this process because it synthesizes HDL, removes cholesterol from plasma and excretes it into the lumen. We investigated the role of selected dietary fatty acids on intestinal cholesterol uptake and HDL functionality. ...
Levy Emile E University of Montreal, Canada - - 2014
The intestine must challenge the profuse daily flux of dietary fat that serves as a vital source of energy and as an essential component of cell membranes. The fat absorption process takes place in a series of orderly and interrelated steps, including the uptake and translocation of lipolytic products from ...
Xu S Z SZ a College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Qingdao Agricultural University , Qingdao , - - 2014
Abstract 1. This study was to evaluate the effects of supplementary dietary selenium (Se) given as sodium selenite on host immune response against necrotic enteritis (NE) in commercial broiler chickens. 2. Chicks were fed from hatching on a non-supplemented diet or diets supplemented with different levels of Se (0.25, 0.50 ...
Pai Man-Hui MH Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, - - 2014
Background: This study investigated the effect of different ω-6/ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) ratios on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced changes to small intestinal intraepithelial lymphocyte (IEL) γδT-cell expression. Methods: Mice were assigned to 3 control and 3 DSS-treated groups and were maintained on a low-fat semipurified diet. One of the ...
Chen Hong H Institute of Animal Nutrition, Sichuan Agriculture University, Ya'an, China Laboratory for Animal Nutrition and Animal Product Quality, Department of Animal Production, Ghent University, Melle, - - 2014
The effect of dietary fiber on intestinal function primarily has been ascribed to its interaction with intestinal bacteria in the hindgut, whereas changes in intestinal bacteria in the host have been considered to depend on fiber composition. The objectives of this study were to determine the contribution of the major ...
Reboul Emmanuelle E INRA, UMR 1260, "Nutrition, Obesity and Risk of Thrombosis", F-13385, Marseille, France. - - 2014
Vitamin D plays key roles in bone, infectious, inflammatory and metabolic diseases. As most people get inadequate sun exposure for sufficient vitamin D status, they need adequate intake of dietary vitamin D. Many studies see optimizing vitamin D status as a public health priority. It is thus vital to gain ...
Lunedo R R a Department of Animal Physiology and Morphology , São Paulo State University , São - - 2014
Abstract 1. An experiment was conducted to study the effect of two different diets on zootechnical performance and the major bacterial groups in association with the host mucosa and dispersed in the lumen content of the small intestine of broilers chickens. 2. The two experimental diets were maize or sorghum-based. ...
Massot-Cladera Malen M Departament de Fisiologia,Facultat de Farmàcia, Institut de Recerca en Nutrició i Seguretat Alimentària (INSA-UB), Universitat de - - 2014
A diet containing 10 % cocoa, a rich source of polyphenols and fibre, is able to modify intestinal immune status as well as microbiota composition. The present study was aimed at investigating whether cocoa flavonoid content is uniquely responsible for these modulatory effects of cocoa, and to establish whether these effects ...
Nielsen Tina S TS Department of Animal Science,Faculty of Science and Technology, Aarhus University,Blichers Allé 20, PO Box - - 2014
The effects of a high level of dietary fibre (DF) either as arabinoxylan (AX) or resistant starch (RS) on digestion processes, SCFA concentration and pool size in various intestinal segments and on the microbial composition in the faeces were studied in a model experiment with pigs. A total of thirty ...
Mun Saehun S Center for Food and Bioconvergence, and Department of Biosystems and Biomaterials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Republic of Korea; Department of Food Science, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, United - - 2015
β-Carotene was incorporated into three types of delivery system: (i) "emulsions": protein-coated fat droplets dispersed in water; (ii) "hydrogels": rice starch gels; and (iii) "filled hydrogels": protein-coated fat droplets dispersed in rice starch gels. Fat droplets in filled hydrogels were stable in simulated mouth and stomach conditions, but aggregated under ...
Xie Ping P Department of Pathology Section on Lipid Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA; Department of Biochemistry, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA; Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100193, - - 2014
The correlation between intestinal cholesterol absorption values and plasma low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels remains controversial. Niemann-Pick-C1-Like 1 (NPC1L1) is essential for intestinal cholesterol absorption, and is the target of ezetimibe, a cholesterol absorption inhibitor. However, studies with NPC1L1 knockout mice or ezetimibe cannot definitively clarify this correlation because NPC1L1 expression ...
Soares Anne D N AD Department of Clinical Analysis and Toxicology,School of Pharmacy, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais,Avenida Antônio Carlos, 6627Belo - - 2014
Dietary glutamine (Gln) supplementation improves intestinal function in several stressful conditions. Therefore, in the present study, the effects of dietary Gln supplementation on the core body temperature (T core), bacterial translocation (BT) and intestinal permeability of mice subjected to acute heat stress were evaluated. Male Swiss mice (4 weeks old) ...
Zhao Juan J Animal Nutrition Institute, Sichuan Agricultural University, Sichuan, Ya'an 625014, - - 2014
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary isoleucine (Ile) on the immune response, antioxidant status, tight junctions, and microbial population in the intestine of juvenile Jian carp (Cyprinus carpio var. Jian). A total of 1200 juvenile Jian carp with average initial weight 6.9 ± 0.03 g were fed semi-purified isonitrogenous ...
Niesor Eric J EJ Pharmaceuticals Division, Pharma Research and Early Development, pRED, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Grenzacherstrasse 124, 4070, Basel, Switzerland, - - 2014
The antioxidant xanthophylls lutein and zeaxanthin are absorbed from the diet in a process involving lipoprotein formation. Selective mechanisms exist for their intestinal uptake and tissue-selective distribution, but these are poorly understood. We investigated the role of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), apolipoprotein (apo) A1 and ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABC) A1 in ...
Chen Dawei - - 2014
Growing evidence indicates that intestinal microbiota regulate our metabolism. Probiotics confer health benefits that may depend on their ability to affect the gut microbiota. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of supplementation with the probiotic strain, Lactobacillus rhamnosus hsryfm 1301, on the gut microbiota in a ...
Zeng Zhikai Z State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Ministry of Agriculture Feed Industry Centre, China Agricultural University, Beijing, - - 2014
A total of 144 weaned piglets were used to evaluate the effects of essential oil (EO) supplementation of a low-energy diet on performance, apparent nutrient digestibility, small intestinal morphology, intestinal microflora, immune properties and antioxidant activities in weaned pigs. Pigs received a low-energy diet (negative control, NC, digestible energy = 3250 kcal/kg), NC ...
Njåstad K M KM Department of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, PO Box 5003, 1432 Ås, - - 2014
Dietary phytoestrogens are metabolized or converted in the gastrointestinal tract of ruminants, only limited knowledge exists on the extent and location of this conversion in vivo. The objective of this study was to quantify the gastro-intestinal metabolism of phytoestrogens in lactating dairy cows fed silages with different botanical composition. Four ...
Gobbetti T T Inserm, U1043, Toulouse, France; CNRS, U5282, Toulouse, France; Université de Toulouse, Université Paul Sabatier, Centre de Physiopathologie de Toulouse Purpan (CPTP), Toulouse, France; WHRI, Queen Mary University, London, - - 2014
Long-term intake of dietary fatty acids is known to predispose to chronic inflammation, but their potential influence on acute intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the consequences of a diet rich in n-3 or n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on intestinal I/R-induced ...
Zhang Zhen Z Key Laboratory for Feed Biotechnology of the Ministry of Agriculture, Feed Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, P. R. - - 2014
We formulated experimental diets for hybrid tilapia to investigate the effects of replacing dietary soybean meal (SBM) or cottonseed meal (CSM) by completely hydrolyzed feather meal (defatted rice bran as the carrier; abbreviated as CHFM), with emphasis on fish growth, the composition of adhesive gut bacteria, intestinal and hepatic immune ...
Dražić Tonko T Ruđer Bošković Institute, Bijenička c. 54, HR-10002 Zagreb, Croatia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two new trans-(3R,4R)-amino-β-lactam derivatives and their diastereoisomeric mixtures were synthesized as ezetimibe bioisosteres and tested in in vitro and in vivo experiments as novel β-lactam cholesterol absorption inhibitors. Both compounds exhibited low cytotoxicity in MDCKII, hNPC1L1/MDCKII, and HepG2 cell lines and potent inhibitory effect in hNPC1L1/MDCKII cells. In addition, these compounds markedly ...
Di Lorenzo C - - 2014
The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet long used to treat refractory epilepsy; ketogenesis (ketone body formation) is a physiological phenomenon also observed in patients following lowcarbohydrate, low-calorie diets prescribed for rapid weight loss. We report the case of a pair of twin sisters, whose high-frequency migraine improved during ...
Geurden I I INRA, UR1067 Nutrition Metabolism and Aquaculture, F-64310 Saint-Pée-sur-Nivelle, - - 2014
Based on the concept of nutritional programming in mammals, we tested whether an acute hyperglucidic-hypoproteic stimulus during first feeding could induce long-term changes in nutrient metabolism in rainbow trout. Trout alevins received during the five first days of exogenous feeding either a hyperglucidic (40% gelatinized starch + 20% glucose) and ...
Rubio L A LA Depto. de Fisiología y Bioquímica de la Nutrición Animal (INAN, EEZ, CSIC), Granada, - - 2014
Growing male Cobb broiler chickens were fed on diets supplemented with additives reported as able to influence intestinal microbiota composition. The diets used were a balanced commercial diet (no additive), inulin (20 g/kg), fructose caramel (FC, 20 g/kg) and the garlic derivative PTS-O (propyl propane thiosulfonate, 45 and 90 mg/kg diet). The composition ...
Guo Yu-Bin YB Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Gastroenterology, Department of Gastroenterology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Recent papers have highlighted the role of diet and lifestyle habits in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but very few population-based studies have evaluated this association in developing countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between diet and lifestyle habits and IBS. A food frequency and lifestyle ...
Huang Ying Y Central Research Laboratory, Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130041, People's Republic of China - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of Lactobacillus (L.) acidophilus ATCC 4356 on the development of atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-knockout (apoE(-/-)) mice. Eight-week-old apoE(-/-) mice were fed a Western diet with or without L. acidophilus ATCC 4356 daily for 16 weeks. L. acidophilus ATCC 4356 protected ...
Jonathan Melliana M Laboratory of Food Chemistry, Wageningen University, Bornse Weilanden 9, 6708WG Wageningen, The - - 2015
This study evaluated the intestinal degradability of alginate during 74 days intake in pigs as models for humans. Diets contained pregelatinized starch, retrograded starch, alginate, or a mix of retrograded starch and alginate. Faeces were collected on day 1, 3, 7, 14, 39 and 74. Clear trends in intestinal alginate ...
Goncalves Aurélie A INRA, UMR1260 "Nutrition, Obesity and Risk of Thrombosis", F-13385 Marseille, France; INSERM, UMR U1062, F-13385 Marseille, France; Aix-Marseille Université, Faculté de Médecine, F-13385 Marseille, France; Lesieur, F-92600 Asnières-sur-Seine, - - 2015
The interactions occurring at the intestinal level between the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K (FSVs) are poorly documented. We first determined each FSV absorption profile along the duodenal-colonic axis of mouse intestine to clarify their respective absorption sites. We then investigated the interactions between FSVs during their uptake ...
- - 2014
A high-fat diet alters the composition of the gut microbiome to promote intestinal tumorigenesis.
Bomba Lorenzo L Istituto di Zootecnica, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Piacenza, Italy, - - 2014
At weaning, piglets are exposed to many stressors, such as separation from the sow, mixing with other litters, end of lactational immunity, and a change in their environment and gut microbiota. The sudden change of feeding regime after weaning causes morphological and histological changes in the small intestine which are ...
Leone Vanessa A VA University of Chicago, Department of Medicine, Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, United - - 2014
Autoimmune disorders, particularly inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), are increasing at an alarming frequency. While the exact cause remains elusive, studies have examined how the immune system is shaped in the context of genetic susceptibility, gut microbes, and environmental pressures, including dietary intake. Shifts towards a Westernized high fat, high carbohydrate ...
Wang Ping P Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 - - 2014
Quantitation of lipid storage, unsaturation, and oxidation in live C. elegans has been a long-standing obstacle. The combination of hyperspectral stimulated Raman scattering imaging and multivariate analysis in the fingerprint vibration region represents a platform that allows the quantitative mapping of fat distribution, degree of fat unsaturation, lipid oxidation, and ...
Zhou P - - 2014
This study was designed to investigate the effects of basal diets supplemented with a clay product consisting of zeolite and attapulgite (ZA) at 1:1 ratio on growth performance, digestibility of feed nutrients, activities of digestive enzymes in small intestine and intestinal health in broiler chickens. In experiment 1, 112 one-day-old ...
Martinez-Pereira Malcon Andrei MA Centro Ciências da Saúde, Universidade de Cruz Alta, Cruz Alta, Brazil. ; Laboratório de Neurobiologia Comparada, Departamento de Fisiologia, Instituto de Ciências Básicas da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, - - 2014
Digestive disorders caused by sudden changes in diet or inappropriate diet are among the most common disorders of the digestive system. Cecal or intestinal tympany, one consequence of inappropriate diet, is characterized by the accumulation of gases, marked distension of the cecum and colon and the induction of inflammatory processes. ...
Zhou Xiao-Li XL Key Laboratory of Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, Hunan Provincial Engineering Research Center of Healthy Livestock, Scientific Observing and Experimental Station of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science in South-Central, Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha, Hunan 410125, China; Food and Pharmaceutical Engineering Institute, Guiyang University, Guiyang, Guizhou 550005, - - 2014
The improvement of gut health and function with prebiotic supplements after weaning is an active area of research in pig nutrition. The present study was conducted to test the working hypothesis that medium-term dietary supplementation with soybean oligosaccharides (SBOS) can affect the gut ecosystem in terms of microbiota composition, luminal ...
O'Connor Annalouise A UNC Chapel Hill Nutrition Research Institute, 500 Laureate Way, Kannapolis, NC, 28081, - - 2014
Intestinal microbial community structure is driven by host genetics in addition to environmental factors such as diet. In comparison with environmental influences, the effect of host genetics on intestinal microbiota, and how host-driven differences alter host metabolism is unclear. Additionally, the interaction between host genetics and diet, and the impact ...
Dash Satya S Departments of Medicine and Physiology and the Banting and Best Diabetes Centre, University of Toronto; Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
The intestine efficiently incorporates and rapidly secretes dietary fat as chylomicrons (lipoprotein particles comprising triglycerides, phospholipids, cholesterol, and proteins) that contain the apolipoprotein isoform aopB-48. The gut can store lipids for many hours following their ingestion and release them in chylomicrons in response to oral glucose, sham feeding, or unidentified ...
Maukonen Johanna J VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland,P.O. Box 1000, FI-02044 - - 2014
The human oro-gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a complex system, consisting of oral cavity, pharynx, oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus, which all together with the accessory digestive organs constitute the digestive system. The function of the digestive system is to break down dietary constituents into small molecules ...
Wu Bangyuan B Key Laboratory of Animal Diseases and Environmental Hazards of Sichuan Province, Sichuan, Ya'an, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study was designed to evaluate the toxicological effect of dietary nickel chloride (NiCl2) on the counts of intestinal bacteria and diversity of microorganisms in broilers. Plate counting and polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) assays were used. A total of 240 one-day-old avian broilers chicks were divided into ...
Ingerslev Hans-Christian HC National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Bülowsvej 27, DK-1870 Frederiksberg C, - - 2014
This study investigated the influence of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) commensal intestinal microbiota in connection to an experimental Yersina ruckeri infection, the causative agent of enteric redmouth disease. One marine- and one plant diet was administered to two different groups of rainbow trout. The plant-based diet gave rise to ...
Shakeri M M Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, - - 2014
A study was conducted to determine whether supplementing AminoGut (a commercial dietary supplement containing a mixture of l-glutamine and l-glutamic acid) to broiler chickens stocked at 2 different densities affected performance, physiological stress responses, foot pad dermatitis incidence, and intestinal morphology and microflora. A randomized design in a factorial arrangement ...
Dullaart Robin P F RP Department of Endocrinology, University of Groningen and University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bilirubin may protect against atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease by virtue of its anti-oxidative properties, but lower bilirubin may also be associated to atherogenic lipoprotein abnormalities. We determined associations of plasma (apo)lipoproteins and lipoprotein subfractions in subjects with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Plasma (apo)lipoproteins, lipoprotein subfractions (nuclear magnetic resonance ...
Ridker Paul M PM Harvard Medical School, Center for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, Brigham and Women's Hospital Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lifelong exposure to raised concentrations of LDL cholesterol increases cardiovascular event rates, and the use of statin therapy as an adjunct to diet, exercise, and smoking cessation has proven highly effective in reducing the population burden associated with hyperlipidaemia. Yet, despite consistent biological, genetic, and epidemiological data, and evidence from ...
Pirillo Angela A Center for the Study of Atherosclerosis, Ospedale Bassini, Cinisello Balsamo, Italy, - - 2014
Several studies have shown an inverse relationship between HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) levels and the risk of cardiovascular disease. Low HDL-C levels are commonly present in subjects with diabetes, metabolic syndrome, or obesity. These observations have suggested that increasing HDL concentrations might help in decreasing the cardiovascular disease risk. However, despite ...
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