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Foster Meredith C MC Department of Epidemiology and the Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Medical Institutions, Baltimore, - - 2013
Persons with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at high risk for cardiovascular disease events, but are not classified as such in current US cholesterol treatment guidelines. We examined potential effects of modified guidelines in which CKD was considered a "coronary heart disease (CHD) risk equivalent" for risk stratification. Nationally representative ...
Tang Fui Mark Ng - - 2013
With increasing modernization and urbanization of Asia, much of the future focus of the obesity epidemic will be in the Asian region. Low testosterone levels are frequently encountered in obese men who do not otherwise have a recognizable hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular (HPT) axis pathology. Moderate obesity predominantly decreases total testosterone due to ...
Boden William E WE 1Department of Medicine, Albany Stratton VA Medical Center and Albany Medical Center, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY, - - 2013
There is abundant epidemiologic evidence to support the independent, inverse relationship between low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and incident cardiovascular (CV) risk, the clinical importance of which is underscored by the high prevalence of low HDL-C in populations with coronary heart disease (CHD), with or without elevated levels ...
Pozzilli Paolo P Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, University Campus Bio-Medico, Rome, Italy; Centre of Diabetes, St. Bartholomew's and the London, School of Medicine, Queen Mary University, - - 2013
An appropriate diet represents the cornerstone for diabetes therapy. Diets that differ in their carbohydrate, lipid and protein content are used but the evidence of their effects on the long term is missing. Several confouding factors and compliance to diet render difficult the evaluation of the " best diet" for ...
Dimick Susan M SM Central Oklahoma Early Detection Center, Lipidology and Cardiometabolic Clinic, 1227 East 9th Street, Edmond, OK 73034, USA; The University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, 941 Stanton L. Young Boulevard, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73104, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
A kindred affected with fish eye disease (FED) from Oklahoma is reported. Two probands with corneal opacification had mean levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (C), apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, and apoA-I in very large alpha-1 HDL particles that were 9%, 17%, and 5% of normal, whereas their parents and 1 ...
Di Lorenzo C - - 2013
The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet long used to treat refractory epilepsy; ketogenesis (ketone body formation) is a physiological phenomenon also observed in patients following lowcarbohydrate, low-calorie diets prescribed for rapid weight loss. We report the case of a pair of twin sisters, whose high-frequency migraine improved during ...
Manjunath C N CN Department of cardiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, Bangalore, - - 2013
Atherogenic dyslipidemia (AD) refers to elevated levels of triglycerides (TG) and small-dense low-density lipoprotein and low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). In addition, elevated levels of large TG rich very low-density lipoproteins, apolipoprotein B and oxidised low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and reduced levels of small high-density lipoproteins plays a critical ...
Page Michael M MM Lipid Disorders Clinic, Department of Internal Medicine, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, - - 2014
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), the most common and severe monogenic form of hypercholesterolemia, is an autosomal co-dominant disease characterized by an increased plasma low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol concentration and premature coronary heart disease (CHD). The clinical phenotype depends on the gene involved and severity of mutation (or mutations) present. Patients with ...
- - 2013
An international panel of the International Atherosclerosis Society has developed a new set of recommendations for management of dyslipidemia. The panel identifies non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) as the major atherogenic lipoprotein. Primary and secondary prevention are considered separately. Optimal levels for atherogenic lipoproteins are derived for the two forms ...
Bálint Anita - - 2013
Abstract Introduction. Several serious side effects may limit the use of cyclosporine. Cyclosporine has been reported to increase the total cholesterol level; however, the change in serum cholesterol levels before and after cyclosporine therapy has not been examined in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. The purpose of this article was to ...
Zhang Bo - - 2013
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles transport cholesterol in plasma and play an important role in cellular cholesterol homeostasis, which influences cell function. The risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) associated with high levels of LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) can be reduced by treatment with statins, which reduce LDL-C levels ...
Shiohama Tadashi - - 2013
Glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome is caused by brain energy failure resulting from a disturbance in glucose transport. We describe a 4-year-old boy with classical type glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome with a heterozygous splice acceptor site mutation (c.517-2A>G) in the SLCA2A1 gene. We initiated a ketogenic diet ...
Verdier Céline - - 2013
Numerous epidemiological studies have demonstrated the atheroprotective roles of high density lipoproteins (HDL), so that HDL is established as an independent negative risk factor. The protective effect of HDL against atherosclerosis is mainly attributed to their capacity to bring peripheral excess cholesterol back to the liver for further elimination into ...
Watts Gerald F - - 2013
Hypertriglyceridaemia (typical triglyceride level 1.7-5.0 mmol/l) is caused by interactions between many genetic and nongenetic factors, and is a common risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD). Patients with hypertriglyceridaemia usually present with obesity, insulin resistance, hepatic steatosis, ectopic fat deposition, and diabetes mellitus. Hypertriglyceridaemia reflects the accumulation in plasma ...
Eleni Koutroumanidou - - 2013
Obesity has reached epidemic proportions globally, with more than one billion adults overweight - at least 300 million of them clinically obese - and is a major contributor to the global burden of chronic disease (heart disease, diabetes) and disability. Aim of the study was to perform a systematic review ...
Ciaula Agostino Di - - 2013
Cholesterol gallstone disease is one of the most prevalent and costly digestive diseases in Western countries. Its pathogenesis is a complex paradigm resulting from the interaction of genetic factors, hepatic hypersecretion of cholesterol, increased intestinal absorption of cholesterol, a constantly "supersaturated" bile, crystallization of biliary cholesterol, and gallbladder stasis. De ...
Nicholls Stephen J - - 2013
Over the course of the last century, increasing evidence has accumulated to implicate a central role for atherogenic lipoproteins in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. This is supported by the importance of cholesterol measurement for risk prediction and use of lipid modifying therapies in primary and secondary prevention. Recent ...
Mora Samia S Center for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, Division of Preventive Medicine (S.M., R.J.G., P.MR.) and Division of Cardiovascular Medicine (S.M., P.MR.), Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; and Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA - - 2013
Chemically measured high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) may not be the best clinical measure of HDL. Little is known about alternative HDL measures such as HDL size or particle number (HDL-P) as determinants of residual risk after potent statin therapy. In Justification for the Use of statins in Prevention: an Intervention ...
Ritchie Robert - - 2013
High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is an attractive therapy for kidney cancer, but its efficacy can be limited by heat deposition in the pre-focal tissues, notably in fat around the kidney (peri-nephric fat), the acoustic properties of which have not been well characterized. Measurements of attenuation were made using a modified ...
Sahebkar Amirhossein - - 2013
Reduction in plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is a fundamental treatment for the prevention of acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Although statin therapy confers significant protection against ACS in both primary and secondary prevention, a considerable residual risk remains after intensive therapy. In addition, a significant proportion of high-risk patients do ...
Yoon Jung-Rim JR Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Epilepsy Clinic, Epilepsy Research Institute, Severance Children's Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
The ketogenic diet (KD) is an established, effective, nonpharmacologic treatment for children with pharmacoresistant epilepsy. Although the KD is the most well-established dietary therapy for epilepsy, it is too restrictive and is associated with serious complications; therefore, alternative lower-fat diets, including a modified Atkins diet and low-glycemic index diet, have ...
Moyle Graeme J - - 2013
Abacavir/lamivudine (ABC/3TC) and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) are widely used as first-line antiretroviral therapies. However, there are limited data comparing the safety of these therapies with long-term use. The objective of this study was to assess the long-term safety of these commonly used first-line nucleos(t)ide combinations each administered with efavirenz ...
Guyton John R JR Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina. Electronic address: - - 2013
This study sought to examine the relationship between niacin treatment, lipoproteins, and cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in this secondary analysis of the AIM-HIGH (Atherothrombosis Intervention in Metabolic Syndrome With Low HDL/High Triglycerides and Impact on Global Health Outcomes) trial. During a 3-year follow-up in 3,414 patients with established CV disease and ...
Bottani Emanuela E Unit of Molecular Neurogenetics, The Foundation "Carlo Besta" Institute of Neurology IRCCS, Milan, - - 2014
Mutations in human MPV17 cause a hepatocerebral form of mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome (MDS) hallmarked by early-onset liver failure, leading to premature death. Liver transplantation and frequent feeding using slow-release carbohydrates are the only available therapies, although surviving patients eventually develop slowly progressive peripheral and central neuropathy. The physiological role ...
Wierzbicki Anthony S - - 2013
Lipid-lowering is an intervention that reduces atherosclerosis and its complications. Statins currently form the standard of care but are not able to reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) adequately in all patients - particularly those with familial hypercholesterolaemia and those with statin intolerance. Combination therapy with statins is well established and ...
Ewang-Emukowhate Mfon - - 2013
The role of lipid lowering in reducing the risk of mortality and morbidity from cardiovascular disease (CVD) is well established. Treatment particularly aimed at decreasing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is effective in reducing the risk of death from coronary heart disease and stroke. Statins form the cornerstone of treatment. However, ...
Aldámiz-Echevarría Luis - - 2013
Treatment of phenylketonuria based upon strict vegetarian diets, with very low phenylalanine intake and supplemented by phenylalanine-free formula, has proven to be effective in preventing the development of long-term neurological sequelae due to phenylalanine accumulation. On the other hand, such diets have occasionally been reported to hinder normal development, some ...
Bosch Nicholas - - 2013
Measurements of low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol have been identified as a risk factor for premature coronary artery disease, however, to date, current pharmacologic approaches for raising HDL have provided little benefit, if at all, in reducing cardiovascular outcomes. It has been shown that HDL can modify many aspects ...
Rotllan Noemi N Department of Medicine, Leon H Charney Division of Cardiology and Cell Biology and the Marc and Ruti Bell Vascular Biology and Disease Program, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, - - 2013
To study the efficacy of anti-miRNA-33 therapy on the progression of atherosclerosis. Ldlr(-/-) mice were injected subcutaneously with PBS, control, or anti-miR-33 oligonucleotides weekly and fed a Western diet for 12 weeks. At the end of treatment, the expression of miR-33 target genes was increased in the liver and aorta, ...
Vashi Ronak - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With the increasing recognition of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) over the past two decades, pharmacologic and dietary therapies have emerged as primary management options. The effectiveness of the elimination dietary therapy supports the conceptual definition of EoE as an antigen/immune-mediated esophageal disease. This manuscript reviews the three types ...
Okan-Yildiz Bulent - - 2013
Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is defined by increased thyrotropin (TSH) and normal free thyroxine (fT4) levels. Controversial data are available regarding the effects of SCH on adipose tissue. Adiponectin and leptin are two major adipokines secreted from adipose tissue. We aimed to determine the levels of adiponectin and leptin in women ...
Walker D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The detailed pathological phenotype of diet-responsive chronic enteropathy (CE) and its modulation with dietary therapy remain poorly characterized. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Key mucosal lesions of diet-responsive CE resolve with dietary therapy. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of 20 dogs with diet-responsive CE. Endoscopic duodenal biopsies collected before and 6 weeks ...
Kumada Tomohiro - - 2013
We introduced a low glycemic index treatment using Japanese ethnic foods to a 13-year-old girl with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome caused by tuberous sclerosis complex. She had previously refused the modified Atkins diet within 2 weeks of diet treatment because of its restrictiveness. The low glycemic index treatment was implemented by limiting ...
Drakopoulou Maria - - 2013
Familial hyperlipidemia is an inherited metabolic disorder characterized by elevated lipid and/or lipoprotein levels in the blood. Despite improvements in lipid-lowering therapy during the last decades, it still remains a substantial contributor to the incidence of cardiovascular disease since patients on current conventional therapies do not achieve their target LDL-cholesterol ...
Borberg Helmut - - 2013
Prior to 1980 the drug therapy of hereditary hypercholesterolaemia was, as compared to nowadays standards, rather limited. There was virtually no effective therapy for homozygous patients, though plasma exchange introduced in France and Britain, demonstrated the use-fullness of the introduction of apheresis techniques. Parallel to the improvement of cholesterol lowering ...
Bishop Bryan M - - 2013
The role that low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) plays in coronary artery disease and ischemic heart disease is well established. As such, therapies targeting low HDL-C levels have been of great therapeutic interest. These therapies include nonpharmacological methods such as exercise, tobacco cessation, weight reduction, moderate alcohol intake, ...
Rubenfire Melvyn - - 2013
The relationship between low concentrations of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and heightened risk for cardiovascular (CV) disease has been known for decades. Despite the consistent inverse relationship among epidemiological studies, the linkage between a residual low HDL-C among patients treated with statins and excess cardiovascular risk is less clearly ...
Lose Jennifer M JM Department of Pharmacy, University of Michigan Hospitals and Health Centers, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. - - 2013
Reduction in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is associated with a decrease in coronary heart disease (CHD). Statins are currently the most effective medications for LDL-C lowering; however, there continues to be a residual risk for cardiovascular events. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a protease that promotes LDL receptor ...
Davidson Michael H - - 2013
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a protein secreted by the hepatocyte that regulates the surface expression of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptors by targeting them for lysosomal degradation. Statins enhance PCSK9 synthesis, an effect that blunts the LDL-cholesterol (-C)-lowering effectiveness of statins. Loss-of-function mutations in the PCSK9 gene produce ...
Goldberg Anne C - - 2013
Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein, which is localized in the endoplasmic reticulum of enterocytes and hepatocytes, is necessary for the formation of chylomicron and very low-density lipoprotein particles. Lomitapide is a small molecule microsomal triglyceride transfer protein inhibitor that was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration as an adjunct ...
Barbosa Simone P - - 2013
AIMS: High-risk subjects with elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) are at high risk for cardiovascular events and frequently require potent statins or combined lipid-lowering therapy to achieve lipid targets and decrease inflammation. Our study aimed at evaluating the effects of three lipid-modifying therapies on LDL-cholesterol, CRP levels and markers of cholesterol ...
Besseling Joost - - 2013
It is widely recognised that low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is one of the most important and modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Statins (HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors) have consistently been shown to decrease both LDL-C and CVD risk in almost all patient categories, with the exception of heart and kidney ...
Do Rose Q - - 2013
Despite the efficacy of statin therapy, patients treated with these agents face substantial residual risk that is associated with achieved levels of LDL cholesterol (LDL-C). These observations suggest a potential benefit of additional strategies to promote further LDL-C reduction. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) has emerged as an attractive ...
Heilberg Ita P - - 2013
We summarize the data regarding the associations of individual dietary components with kidney stones and the effects on 24-hour urinary profiles. The therapeutic recommendations for stone prevention that result from these studies are applied where possible to stones of specific composition. Idiopathic calcium oxalate stone-formers are advised to reduce ingestion ...
Wang Helen H HH Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63104, - - 2013
Cholesterol cholelithiasis is a multifactorial disease influenced by a complex interaction of genetic and environmental factors and represents a failure of biliary cholesterol homoeostasis in which the physical-chemical balance of cholesterol solubility in bile is disturbed. The primary pathophysiologic event is persistent hepatic hypersecretion of biliary cholesterol, which has both ...
Dávalos Alberto A IMDEA Food Institute, CEI UAM+CSIC, 28049 Madrid, Spain. - - 2013
There has been strong evolutionary pressure to ensure that an animal cell maintains levels of cholesterol within tight limits for normal function. Imbalances in cellular cholesterol levels are a major player in the development of different pathologies associated to dietary excess. Although epidemiological studies indicate that elevated levels of high-density ...
Siegrist Monika - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: In overweight children, high leptin levels are independently associated with higher risk for cardiovascular disease, whereas adiponectin seems to be protective against type 2 diabetes and atherosclerosis. The study examines the predictive value of leptin for weight loss after a 4- to 6-wk inpatient therapy and again after 1 ...
Mittal Apoorva A Final year MBBS - - 2013
A Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART) is accompanied with several metabolic effects like adipose redistribution and insulin resistance. In this study, we evaluated the association between a HAART and lipodystrophy. A cross sectional study, whose subjects were Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infected patients, was conducted at a tertiary care hospital ...
Larosa John C - - 2013
Based on the cardiovascular (CV) outcomes derived predominantly from 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor (statin) trials, guidelines have set low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol targets at successively lower levels over time. Recent data have demonstrated that more-intensive statin therapy (and, consequently, lower LDL cholesterol level) is more effective for reducing CV events ...
Iemura Ryuji - - 2013
The pharmacokinetics of serum total thyroxine concentration (TT4) in euthyroid dogs was studied after concomitant administration of a levothyroxine oral solution with different types of dry diet. Mixing levothyroxine with different types of dry diet did not have any effect on TT4 pharmacokinetics in the dogs (C(max) 50.6nmol/L, t(max) 4.0h ...
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