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Ciriacks Kevin K 1 Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Clinical Nutrition, Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin , Milwaukee, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Statins are used to lower total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels among patients with type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, there are no studies of statin efficacy among T1DM patients. T1DM patients have higher gut cholesterol absorption than synthesis; hence cholesterol ...
Rejc Enrico E Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Udine, P.le Kolbe 4, 33100, Udine, Italy, - - 2014
Microgravity leads to a decline of muscle power especially in the postural muscles of the lower limb. Muscle atrophy primarily contributes to this negative adaptation. Nutritional countermeasures during unloading were shown to possibly mitigate the loss of muscle mass and strength. The aim of this study was to investigate the ...
Frary J M JM Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Odense University Hospital, Denmark - - - 2014
Weight loss improves ovulation, testosterone levels and insulin resistance in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), but the optimal diet composition is disputed. A diet low in carbohydrates (LCD) may be superior to a standard diet in terms of improving fertility, endocrine/metabolic parameters, weight loss and satiety in women with ...
Rahmanian Elham E Simon Fraser University, 2600-515 West Hastings Street, Vancouver, BC, V6B 5K3, Canada. - - 2014
We reviewed the literature that examines the association between the built environment and diet. The MEDLINE electronic database was searched. Eligible articles must have been published between 2000 and 2013, in the English language, and must have been conducted among a population-based sample of adults older than 18 years of ...
Ware Kathrine M KM University of California, Davis; Vascular Center Clinic, Sacramento, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the U.S. and around the globe. A large body of literature accumulated over the past several decades has shown the benefit of lowering serum total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels to reduce cardiovascular risk. National guidelines ...
Miceli Sopo Stefano S Department of Pediatrics, Agostino Gemelli Hospital, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, - - 2014
The causal association between cow's milk allergy (CMA) and constipation is not well established. Some guidelines describe constipation as a possible symptom of CMA, while others do not mention it. We conducted a literature review and found 10 prospective clinical trials. In all of them, an oral food challenge was ...
Hillier-Brown F C FC 1] Department of Geography, Wolfson Research Institute, Durham University Queen's Campus, Stockton-on-Tees, UK [2] School of Medicine, Pharmacy and Health, Wolfson Research Institute, Durham University Queen's Campus, Stockton-on-Tees, UK [3] Wolfson Research Institute for Health and Wellbeing, Durham University Queen's Campus, Stockton-on-Tees, - - 2014
Background:Socioeconomic inequalities in obesity are well established in high-income countries. There is a lack of evidence of the types of intervention that are effective in reducing these inequalities amongst adults.Objectives:To systematically review studies of the effectiveness of individual, community and societal interventions in reducing socioeconomic inequalities in obesity amongst adults.Methods:Nine ...
Mohd Yusof Barakatun-Nisak BN Department of Nutrition & Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia , Serdang, Selangor , Malaysia - - 2014
Abstract This review aims to evaluate the effectiveness of low glycemic index (GI) dietary intervention for the treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), specifically from the Asian perspective. A systematic review of the literature using multiple databases without time restriction was conducted. Three studies were retrieved based upon a priori ...
Kakagia Despoina D 1University Hospital of Democritus University in Thrace, Alexandroupolis, - - 2014
Objective. Recent advances in adipose cellular biology have repopularized autologous fat grafting as a method widely used in both reconstructive and aesthetic surgery. This review aims to summarize our current knowledge on autologous fat grafting emphasizing harvesting techniques and processing methods as well as current trends and approaches. Methods. A ...
Schwingshackl Lukas L University of Vienna, Faculty of Life Sciences, Department of Nutritional Sciences, Vienna, - - 2014
It was the aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the effects of high protein (HP) versus normal/low protein (LP/NP) diets on parameters of renal function in subjects without chronic kidney disease. Queries of literature were performed using the electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Trial ...
Watanabe Soko S Departments of Dermatology, Tokyo Women's Medical University Medical Center East, Tokyo, - - 2014
Granuloma annulare has been associated with systemic disease including diabetes mellitus. We report a case of a 62-year-old Japanese woman with generalized erythematous granuloma annulare who showed remission after substantial improvement in hyperlipidemia following a strict lipid-lowering diet. The lesion appeared in the lower abdomen one year before current presentation ...
Feig Jonathan E JE Zena and Michael A. Wiener Cardiovascular Institute, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
Based on studies that date back to the 1920s, regression and stabilization of atherosclerosis in humans has gone from just a dream to one that is achievable. Review of the literature indicates that the successful attempts at regression generally applied robust measures to improve plasma lipoprotein profiles. Examples include extensive ...
Lewis Barry - - 2013
A modified diet has been advocated for the past 50 years for prevention of cardiovascular disease. The evidence has in the past been largely epidemiological and experimental, with relatively limited support from clinical trials. However a major element of this strategy, reduction in intake of saturated fats, has recently been ...
Clouatre Dallas L DL Dallas L Clouatre, Glykon Technologies Group, LLC, Seattle, WA 98109, United - - 2013
Garcinia cambogia extract (GC) with its active component consisting of hydroxycitric acid (HCA) is widely utilized for weight loss. Various HCA salts are available, including calcium, magnesium, potassium and mixtures of these. Experimentally, these salts exhibit different properties with some, but not all, improving glucose tolerance and blood pressure. Recently, ...
Freeman Linnea R - - 2013
The prevalence of obesity is growing and now includes at least one-third of the adult population in the United States. As obesity and dementia rates reach epidemic proportions, an even greater interest in the effects of nutrition on the brain have become evident. This review discusses various mechanisms by which ...
Carson Tiffany L - - 2013
To systematically review the literature to examine whether there has been adequate assessment of the effects of dietary intervention on quality of life (QOL) independent of weight loss, assess which instruments are being used to measure nutrition-related QOL, identify gaps in the literature, and suggest future directions. Systematic review guided ...
Otaegui-Arrazola Ane - - 2013
The prevention of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has become a real challenge due to its rising prevalence and the lack of an effective cure. Diet and nutrients have gained significant interest as potentially modifiable protective factors. The aim of this review is to provide an updated summary of evidence related to ...
Danilla Stefan - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine whether suction-assisted lipectomy (SAL) decreases the incidence of early cardiovascular disease risk factors or its biochemical and clinical risk indicators. A systematic review of the literature was performed by conducting a predefined, sensitive search in MEDLINE without limiting the year of publication ...
Ferraz-Pereira K N - - 2013
Introduction: Certain periods of development of the nervous system are critically vulnerable to environmental insults because of the processes involved that cycle very quickly. Morphologic and functional development of mastication occurs coincidently during these stages. Early environmental insults during critical periods can cause permanent effects on both structures and functions ...
Sadler Michele Jeanne MJ a MJSR Associates , Long Barn, Etchden Court, Bethersden , Kent , TN26 3DP , United - - 2013
ABSTRACT Further to reports of a reciprocal relationship between sugar and fat intakes this review aimed to provide an in-depth analysis and to determine the likely influence of this relationship on the achievement of population dietary guidelines. Using systematic methods, relevant literature was selected according to pre-set criteria. A strong ...
Barbaresko Janett - - 2013
The purpose of the present literature review was to investigate and summarize the current evidence on associations between dietary patterns and biomarkers of inflammation, as derived from epidemiological studies. A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE, and a total of 46 studies were included ...
Tanghe Sofie - - 2013
Good sow reproductive performance and piglet survival are essential for the profitability of the pig industry. Based on basic research of fatty acid and endocrine metabolism, it has been suggested that dietary supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) could enhance reproductive outcome. However, proper requirements for these nutrients in ...
Hansen S O - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on the effects of diet on endometriosis and dysmenorrhoea. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic search for trials investigating a relationship between diet and endometriosis/dysmenorrhoea was undertaken, and 23 studies were included in this review. RESULTS: Data on the relationship between diet and endometriosis were limited to ...
Mazein Alexander A Division of Pathway Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Chancellor's Building, Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4SB, Scotland, UK. - - 2013
Cholesterol biosynthesis serves as a central metabolic hub for numerous biological processes in health and disease. A detailed, integrative single-view description of how the cholesterol pathway is structured and how it interacts with other pathway systems is lacking in the existing literature. Here we provide a systematic review of the ...
Khansa Ibrahim I Department of Plastic Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, - - 2013
Fat necrosis is a common and potentially exasperating complication of autologous breast reconstruction. The authors performed a systematic review of the English literature on autologous breast reconstruction to determine significant patient and surgical factors that are predictors of postoperative fat necrosis. A PubMed search using the terms "fat necrosis" and ...
Moran Lisa J - - 2013
While lifestyle management is recommended as first-line treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the optimal dietary composition is unclear. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of different diet compositions on anthropometric, reproductive, metabolic, and psychological outcomes in PCOS. A literature search was conducted (Australasian Medical Index, ...
Mannu G S GS Medicine and Biochemistry, C/o Level 2, MFE Offices, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, NR4 7UY, UK. - - 2013
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The growth of ageing populations in developing countries with progressively urbanized lifestyles are major contributors. The key risk factors for CHD such as hypercholesterolemia, diabetes mellitus, and obesity are likely to increase in the future. These risk ...
Pawlak Roman - - 2013
Vegetarians are at risk for vitamin B(12) (B12) deficiency due to suboptimal intake. The goal of the present literature review was to assess the rate of B12 depletion and deficiency among vegetarians and vegans. Using a PubMed search to identify relevant publications, 18 articles were found that reported B12 deficiency ...
Lamberg-Allardt Christel C Department of Food and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2013
The present literature review is part of the NNR5 project with the aim of reviewing and updating the scientific basis of the 4th edition of the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNR) issued in 2004. The overall aim was to review recent scientific data on the requirements and health effects of vitamin ...
Ciccone Marco Matteo MM Cardiovascular Diseases Section, Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation (DETO), University of Bari, Piazza G. Cesare 11, 70124 Bari, - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease related to atherosclerosis represents nowadays the largest cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Due to inflammatory nature of atherosclerosis, several studies had been conducted in order to search for substances with anti-inflammatory activity on arterial walls, able to exert beneficial roles on health. Researches investigated the ...
Lowe Nicola M - - 2013
Zinc was selected as a priority micronutrient for EURRECA, because there is significant heterogeneity in the Dietary Reference Values (DRVs) across Europe. In addition, the prevalence of inadequate zinc intakes was thought to be high among all population groups worldwide, and the public health concern is considerable. In accordance with ...
Schwingshackl Lukas - - 2012
No dietary recommendations for monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) are given by the National Institute of Medicine, the United States Department of Agriculture, European Food and Safety Authority and the American Diabetes Association. In contrast, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, and the Canadian Dietetic Association both promote <25% MUFA of ...
Pal Palash - - 2012
Increased level of serum cholesterol (hyperlipidemia) is the most significant risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. Cholesterol levels are affected by factors such as rate of endogenous cholesterol synthesis, biliary cholesterol excretion and dietary cholesterol absorption. Acyl CoA: Cholesterol O-acyl transferases (ACAT) are a small family of enzymes that ...
Masko Elizabeth M EM Division of Urologic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2013
Prostate cancer (PCa) remains one of the most diagnosed malignancies in the world, correlating with regions where men consume more of a so-called Western-style diet. As such, there is much interest in understanding the role of lifestyle and diet on the incidence and progression of PCa. To provide a summary ...
Markey Patrick M - - 2012
This study investigated the annual variation in Internet searches regarding dieting. Time-series analysis was first used to examine the annual trends of Google keyword searches during the past 7 years for topics related to dieting within the United States. The results indicated that keyword searches for dieting fit a consistent ...
Thomas Tudor - - 2012
The role of diet as the cause of acute pancreatitis (AP) has been suggested. The aim of the current review was to determine if there exists sufficient evidence linking nutrition, or the lack of it, to the pathogenesis of AP. A systematic search of the scientific literature was carried out ...
Richman Emile - - 2012
Coeliac disease is a permanent inflammatory disorder of the small bowel affecting approximately 1% of the population. The only effective treatment that exists is exclusion of gluten from the diet. The present paper aims to review the literature as to whether oats are safe to eat for people with coeliac ...
Poppy G D - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to use meta-analytic methods to estimate the effect of a commercially available yeast culture product on milk production and other production measures in lactating dairy cows using a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Sixty-one research publications (published journal articles, published abstracts, and technical reports) ...
Lee J S - - 2012
The purpose of present study was to evaluate the effect of diets containing Lactobacillus plantarum CJLP243 on the growth and cytokine response of weaning pigs challenged with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC). In a 28-d experiment (14 d before and 14 d after challenge), a total of 108 pigs at 20 ...
Rice Beth H - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among women worldwide, and risk for developing CVD increases postmenopause. Consumption of trans-fatty acids (tFA) has been positively associated with CVD incidence and mortality. The current study was designed to assess the effects of diets high in industrially produced (IP)-tFA, from ...
Carlucci Alessandro - - 2012
Apolipoprotein A-I and Apolipoprotein E promote different steps of reverse cholesterol transport, including lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase stimulation. Our aim was to study the changes in the levels of Apolipoprotein A-I, Apolipoprotein E, and lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase activity during atherosclerosis progression in rabbits. Quantitative echocardiographic parameters were analyzed in order to evaluate, for ...
Nowlin Sarah Y - - 2012
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a growing national health problem affecting 35% of adults ≥20 years of age in the United States. Recently, diabetes has been categorized as an inflammatory disease, sharing many of the adverse outcomes as those reported from cardiovascular disease. Medical nutrition therapy is recommended for the ...
Ferreira Ederlan S - - 2012
There is increasing interest in non-pharmacological control of cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the plasma and diet-drug association represent an important area of studies. The objective of this study was to observe the hypocholesterolemic effect of soybean β-conglycinin (7S protein) alone and combined with fenofibrate and rosuvastatin, two hypolipidemic drugs. ...
Frantz Eliete Dalla Corte - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Experimental studies have demonstrated an association between low birth weight and the later development of type 2 diabetes. This association could be a result of the programming process that affects pancreatic beta-cell development due to poor fetal nutrition. This mechanism may not be limited to the first generation. In ...
Boehm Dorota - - 2012
Abstract Background: Crohn's disease (CD) is an incurable and difficult to diagnose condition. While high sensitive C-reactive protein (CRP) remains the best biochemical marker, we evaluated the diagnostic usefulness of lipid peroxidation indices. Methods: Malondialdehyde/thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (MDA/TBARS), peroxidation potential (PP), lipid hydroperoxides (ROOH), oxidized-low density lipoprotein (oxLDL), and oxLDL ...
Lawrenson John G - - 2012
Evidence from animal models and observational studies in humans has suggested that there is an inverse relationship between dietary intake of omega 3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) and risk of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or progressing to advanced AMD. To review the evidence that increasing the levels of ...
Weigt Carmen - - 2011
Estrogens are known to be involved in the control of energy homeostasis. Here we investigated the role of ER alpha and ER beta in a model of nutrition induced obesity. Ovariectomized Wistar rats were fed a high fat diet and received either vehicle, E2, ER subtype selective agonists (Alpha and ...
Strakovsky Rita S - - 2011
Placenta, as the sole transport mechanism between mother and fetus, links the maternal physical state and the immediate and life-long outcomes of the offspring. The present study examined the consequences of maternal obesity on placental lipid accumulation and metabolism. Pregnant obesity prone (OP) and obesity resistant (OR) rat strains were ...
Hope-Jones M - - 2011
In this study, 20 young steers received no beta-agonist (C) and 100 animals all received zilpaterol hydrochloride (Z), with 1 group receiving Z while the other 4 groups receiving Z and vitamin D(3) at the following levels (IU/animal/day) and durations before slaughter: 7million for 3days (3D7M) or 6days (6D7M), 7million ...
Fernandez M - - 2011
To assess the effect of muraglitazar, a dual peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ-α agonist, versus placebo on metabolic parameters and body composition in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Twenty-seven T2DM subjects received oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), euglycaemic insulin clamp with deuterated glucose, measurement of total body fat (DEXA), ...
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