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TubelytÄ—-KirdienÄ—, Vaida
An experiment was conducted to determine whether there are any relations among the genotype, phosphorus digestibility and body weight in broiler chicks of Cobb 500 cross. The diet of the experimental group was supplemented with 150 g/t of the enzyme phytase. Body weight was measured once a week from 14 ...
Imfeld Kristen - - 2012
In January 2009, registered dietitians (RDs) at St Michael's Hospital (Toronto, Ontario, Canada) were granted approval for nonmedication order entry of physician-approved nutrition-related orders for the patients to whom RDs provided care. The aim of this project was to document any changes in the numbers and types of diet order ...
Padidela Raja - - 2012
Background: Growth during childhood is a consequence of the equilibrium of energy balance. Obesity results from a shift of the equilibrium towards increased energy intake over expenditure. A clinical description of extreme leanness and failure to thrive secondary to a shift of the equilibrium towards increased energy expenditure over energy ...
Janesick A - - 2012
Obesogens are chemicals that directly or indirectly lead to increased fat accumulation and obesity. Obesogens have the potential to disrupt multiple metabolic signalling pathways in the developing organism that can result in permanent changes in adult physiology. Prenatal or perinatal exposure to obesogenic endocrine disrupting chemicals has been shown to ...
Burdeos Gregor Carpentero GC Food and Biodynamic Chemistry Laboratory, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 981-8555, - - 2012
Tocotrienol (T3) is an important phytonutrient found in rice bran and palm oil. T3 has gained much interest for lipid lowering effects, especially for cholesterol (Cho) by inhibiting 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase. Also, usefulness of T3 in improving triglyceride (TG) profiles has been suggested, but its efficacy and mechanism have been ...
Breen Michael R - - 2012
Caveolae, little caves of cell surfaces, are enriched in cholesterol, a certain level of which is required for their structural integrity. Here we show in adipocytes that cavin-2, a peripheral membrane protein and one of 3 cavin isoforms present in caveolae from non-muscle tissue, is degraded upon cholesterol depletion in ...
Rempel L A - - 2011
Feed intake has been shown to alter neurological signaling related to feeding behavior and subsequent activation of adipogenic mechanisms. Fat characteristics are pivotal for carcass and meat quality, including marbling score, flavor, and tenderness. The objective of this study was to establish the association of SNP, from genes functionally related ...
Yubero-Serrano Elena M EM Lipids and Atherosclerosis Unit, IMIBIC/Reina Sofia University Hospital/University of Cordoba and CIBER Fisiopatologia Obesidad y Nutricion (CIBEROBN), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Córdoba, - - 2013
Postprandial oxidative stress is characterized by an increased susceptibility of the organism towards oxidative damage after consumption of a meal rich in lipids and/or carbohydrates. We have investigated whether the quality of dietary fat alters postprandial gene expression and protein levels involved in oxidative stress and whether the supplementation with ...
You Li - - 2011
Aim:To investigate the effects of high cholesterol diet on the development of osteoporosis and the underlying mechanisms in rats.Methods:Female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly separated into 3 groups: (1) the high cholesterol fed rats were fed a high cholesterol diet containing 77% normal diet food, 3% cholesterol and 20% lard for ...
Yubero-Serrano Elena M - - 2011
We have investigated whether the quality of dietary fat and supplementation with coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ) modifies expression of genes related with inflammatory response and endoplasmic reticulum stress in elderly persons. Twenty participants received three diets for 4 weeks each: Mediterranean diet + CoQ (Med + CoQ), Mediterranean diet (Med), and ...
Alleva Renata - - 2011
Using hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy as an in vivo oxidation model, we investigated the effect of a diet enriched in ascorbic acid (AA) on HBO-induced oxidative stress. Volunteers (n 46) were allocated to the AA-rich diet group or the control group. Blood samples were collected at the basal time, after ...
Sato Mayumi - - 2011
To compare and estimate the effects of dietary intake of three kinds of mushrooms (Pleurotus ostreatus, Grifola frondosa, and Hypsizigus marmoreus), mice were fed a diet containing 10-14% of each mushroom for 4 weeks. Triacylglycerol in the liver and plasma decreased and plasma cholesterol increased in the P. ostreatus-fed group ...
Scoccianti Chiara - - 2011
Changes in DNA methylation patterns are a hallmark of tobacco-induced carcinogenesis. We have conducted a randomized 4-week intervention trial to investigate the effects of three dietary regimens to modify DNA methylation patterns in peripheral white blood cells of heavy smokers. A group of 88 smokers were randomly assigned to and ...
McColley Steven P - - 2011
The threonine-encoding allele (Thr54) of the fatty acid-binding protein 2 (FABP2) DNA polymorphism is associated with increased triglyceride (TG)-rich lipoproteins (TRL). We hypothesized that the TRL response to diets of varied fat content is affected by the FABP2 A54T polymorphism, specifically that a high-fat diet would reduce TRL and that ...
Lukaszewski Marie-Amelie - - 2011
Several studies have shown that maternal undernutrition leading to low birth weight predisposes offspring to the development of metabolic pathologies such as obesity. Using a model of prenatal maternal 70% food restriction diet (FR30) in rat, we evaluated whether postweaning high-fat (HF) diet would amplify the phenotype observed under standard ...
Amachawadi R G - - 2011
Copper, as copper sulfate, is increasingly used as an alternative to in-feed antibiotics for growth promotion in weaned piglets. Acquired copper resistance, conferred by a plasmid-borne, transferable copper resistance (tcrB) gene, has been reported in Enterococcus faecium and E. faecalis. A longitudinal field study was undertaken to determine the relationship ...
Zeng Huawei - - 2011
The regulation of site-specific DNA methylation of tumor suppressor genes has been considered as a leading mechanism by which certain nutrients exert their anticancer property. This study was to investigate whether selenium (Se) affects the methylation of globe genomic DNA and the exon-specific p53 gene. Three groups of rats (n ...
Sun Chao - - 2011
To investigate whether and on which pathway dietary calcium influence the obesity induced by high-fat diet, thirty male Kunming mice were fed in six groups for 4 weeks and mouse preadipocytes were divided into eight groups for different treatment. Body weight gain was measured each week. Calcium in serum and tissues, ...
Yamazaki Yasuhiro - - 2011
The ATP-binding cassette half-transporters Abcg5 and Abcg8 promote the secretion of neutral sterols into bile. Studies have demonstrated the diet-induced expression of these transporters in liver, though precisely where this occurs remains to be elucidated. This study investigated the changes in the expression of these transporters at bile canaliculi in ...
Muegge Brian D - - 2011
Coevolution of mammals and their gut microbiota has profoundly affected their radiation into myriad habitats. We used shotgun sequencing of microbial community DNA and targeted sequencing of bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA genes to gain an understanding of how microbial communities adapt to extremes of diet. We sampled fecal DNA from ...
Chuammitri Phongsakorn - - 2011
The effect of dietary supplementation of immunomodulators on in vitro chicken heterophil function was investigated using three diverse genetic lines of chickens (broiler, Fayoumi, and Leghorn). Dietary supplementation with β-glucan, ascorbic acid, and corticosterone was fed from 8 to 11 weeks of age. Heterophil function was evaluated weekly during supplementation ...
Antonio de Luis Daniel - - 2011
BACKGROUND: A silent intragenic polymorphism (1359 G/A) of the cannabinoid receptor 1 gene resulting in the substitution of the G to A at nucleotide position 1359 in codon 435 (Thr) was reported as a common polymorphism in Caucasian populations. Intervention studies with this polymorphism have not been realized. OBJECTIVE: We ...
Phillips Catherine M - - 2011
Transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) is the strongest genetic determinant of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and insulin-related phenotypes to date. Dietary fat is a key environmental factor which may interact with genotype to affect risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and T2DM. This study investigated the relationship between the TCF7L2 rs7903146 ...
Nagai Narumi - - 2011
Uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) plays an important role in thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue. Previously, we reported an association between -3826 A/G single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the promoter of UCP1 gene and lower thermogenesis in young women, suggesting this SNP has an adverse effect on the regulation of energy balance. ...
van Doorn D A - - 2011
This study addressed the question whether the concentration of phosphorus (P) in saliva of ponies is influenced by P intake. Six ponies were fed a diet high in P (HP treatment), providing 21 g P/day, and a diet low in P (LP treatment), supplying 7 g P/day. The two diets provided approximately ...
Chen Qixuan - - 2011
Proximal colon epithelial gene responses to diets containing increasing levels of dietary fermentable material (FM) from 2 different sources were measured to determine whether gene expression patterns were independent of the source of FM. Male Fischer 344 rats (10/group) were fed for 6 wk a control diet containing 10% (g/g) ...
Jiang S - - 2011
This experiment was conducted to investigate the requirement of non-phytate phosphorus (nPP) and efficacy of a genetically engineered yeast phytase in performance and tibia characteristics by male Lingnan Yellow broilers from 1 to 21 days of age. A total of 2640 1-day-old male chicks were randomly allotted to one of ...
Huang Tao - - 2011
Although methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) genetic variants are associated with plasma homocysteine (Hcy) and cardiovascular disease (CVD), little is known whether dietary fatty acid intake modulates these associations. The goal was to examine the interaction of MTHFR variants with dietary fatty acids influencing plasma Hcy in 995 Boston Puerto Rican adults. ...
Lawson Heather A - - 2011
Variations in diabetic phenotypes are caused by complex interactions of genetic effects, environmental factors, and the interplay between the two. We tease apart these complex interactions by examining genome-wide genetic and epigenetic effects on diabetes-related traits among different sex, diet, and sex-by-diet cohorts in a Mus musculus model. We conducted ...
Karasov William H - - 2011
The morphological and functional design of gastrointestinal tracts of many vertebrates and invertebrates can be explained largely by the interaction between diet chemical constituents and principles of economic design, both of which are embodied in chemical reactor models of gut function. Natural selection seems to have led to the expression ...
Inoue Seiya - - 2011
The intestinal expression of genes involved in carbohydrate digestion and absorption, such as sucrase-isomaltase (SI) and sodium-dependent glucose cotransporter (SGLT1), is higher in rodents fed a high-starch/low-fat (HS) diet than in those fed a low-starch/high-fat (LS) diet. In the present study, we investigated whether the HS diet-induced induction of SI ...
Geay Florian - - 2011
Efforts towards utilisation of diets without fish meal (FM) or fish oil (FO) in finfish aquaculture have been being made for more than two decades. Metabolic responses to substitution of fishery products have been shown to impact growth performance and immune system of fish as well as their subsequent nutritional ...
Brevik Asgeir - - 2011
The health positive effects of diets high in fruits and vegetables are generally not replicated in supplementation trials with isolated antioxidants and vitamins, and as a consequence the emphasis of chronic disease prevention has shifted to whole foods and whole food products. We carried out a human intervention trial with ...
Lu Cheng - - 2011
Folic acid may affect the development of human cancers. However, few studies have evaluated the consumption of diet folate in the prognosis of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). One hundred and twenty five ESCC patients underwent esophagectomy between January 2005 and March 2006 in the Yangzhong People's Hospital ...
Brauer Heather Ann - - 2011
Cruciferous vegetable intake is inversely associated with the risk of several cancers. Isothiocyanates (ITC) are hypothesized to be the major bioactive constituents contributing to these cancer-preventive effects. The polymorphic glutathione-S-transferase (GST) gene family encodes several enzymes which catalyze ITC degradation in vivo. We utilized high throughput proteomics methods to examine ...
Collins Sheila - - 2011
THE ADIPOCYTE IS LIKE A BANK: a place to store excess (caloric) cash in times of plenty, and from which one can withdraw savings during "lean times." The β-adrenoceptors (βAR) are the gateways to this mobilization of fat to be consumed in other tissues. This review discusses the βAR signaling ...
Walker Celia G CG Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, MRC Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, United - - 2011
FFAR1 receptor is a long chain fatty acid G-protein coupled receptor which is expressed widely, but found in high density in the pancreas and central nervous system. It has been suggested that FFAR1 may play a role in insulin sensitivity, lipotoxicity and is associated with type 2 diabetes. Here we ...
Huang Xiao - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Results from the published studies on the association of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma 2 (PPARγ2) Pro12Ala polymorphism with blood lipids are conflicting. In this meta-analysis, we investigated the association of the Pro12Ala polymorphism with total cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. METHODS: 74 studies with ...
Yan Jian - - 2011
Homozygosity for the variant 677T allele in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene increases the requirement for folate and may alter the metabolic use of choline. The choline adequate intake is 550 mg/d for men, although the metabolic consequences of consuming extra choline are unclear. Deuterium-labeled choline (d9-choline) as tracer was ...
Vervloet Marc G - - 2011
Little is known about the influence of dietary phosphate intake on fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) and its subsequent effects on vitamin D levels. This study addresses changes in intact FGF23 (iFGF23) and C-terminal FGF23 (cFGF23), phosphaturia, and levels of vitamin D on high and low phosphate and calcium intake. Ten ...
Mathewson Alastair M - - 2010
Malnutrition is known to be highly prevalent in patients with kidney disease. It is associated with poor clinical prognosis and can result from restricted dietary protein-energy intake. The issue is also compounded by protein wasting that occurs in dialysis patients. In countering malnutrition, an adequate protein intake is essential but ...
Davey Smith George G MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Bristol, BS8 2BN - - 2011
Differences in diet appear to contribute substantially to the burden of disease in populations, and therefore changes in diet could lead to major improvements in public health. This is predicated on the reliable identification of causal effects of nutrition on health, and unfortunately nutritional epidemiology has deficiencies in terms of ...
Matsuzaki Hiroshi - - 2010
This study examined the effects of dietary magnesium (Mg) supplementation on bone turnover and serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in rats fed a high-phosphorus (P) diet. Male rats were randomized by weight into three groups, and fed a control diet (control), a high-P diet (HP) or a high-P and high-Mg ...
Isakova Tamara - - 2011
High levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) are associated with mortality and progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Reducing dietary phosphorus intake lowers FGF23 secretion in healthly individuals, but there is little data on its effects in patients with pre-dialysis CKD. Using a 2×2 factorial design, we randomly assigned ...
Casacuberta N - - 2010
Dicalcium phosphate (DCP) is used as a calcium supplement for food producing animals (i.e., cattle, poultry and pig). When DCP is produced via wet acid digestion of the phosphate rock and depending on the acid used in the industrial process, the final product can result in enhanced (210)Pb and (210)Po ...
Guida B - - 2011
Elevated serum phosphate and calcium-phosphate levels play an important role in the pathogenesis of vascular calcifications in uraemic patients and appear to be associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. We aimed to evaluate the effects of a partial replacement of food protein with a low-phosphorus and low-potassium whey protein concentrate on ...
Gutiérrez Orlando M - - 2010
Hyperphosphatemia is an independent risk factor for mortality in patients on maintenance dialysis. Since phosphorus clearance by standard three times-weekly dialysis is insufficient to balance ongoing dietary phosphorus intake, strategies to prevent absorption of dietary phosphorus are essential for attenuating increased serum levels. Dietary phosphorus binders are used widely for ...
Adeola O - - 2010
Male White Pekin ducks at 7 d posthatch were used in a 10-d experiment to determine the equivalency value of an Escherichia coli phytase (Phyzyme XP) in corn-soybean meal-based mash diets. Two hundred fifty-six ducks were grouped by weight into 8 blocks of 8 cages with 4 ducks per cage. ...
Fortes-Silva R - - 2010
Fish do not feed at any time of the day and on whatever food item they encounter in the wild, but they show daily rhythms of feeding activity and dietary selection. The aim of this research was to investigate the daily rhythms of behavior in Nile tilapia self-fed with plant-based ...
Noori Nazanin - - 2010
Epidemiologic studies show an association between higher predialysis serum phosphorus and increased death risk in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. The hypothesis that higher dietary phosphorus intake and higher phosphorus content per gram of dietary protein intake are each associated with increased mortality in MHD patients was examined. Food frequency questionnaires ...
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