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Eleftheriadou Maria M 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Athens , Athens , Greece - - 2014
Abstract The phenotype of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is known to worsen with weight gain, increased ingestion of carbohydrates and a sedentary lifestyle. The purpose of this study was to assess the dietary habits in a group of adolescent girls with PCOS. Adolescents with PCOS were recruited and asked to ...
Kermack Alexandra J - - 2014
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment provides an opportunity to study early developmental responses to periconceptional dietary interventions. Retrospective studies have suggested links between preconception diet and fertility, and more recently, a "Mediterranean" diet has been reported to increase pregnancy rates by up to 40%. In addition, a prospective study examining ...
Freetly H C HC USDA, ARS, U.S. Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center, NE 68933 - - 2014
Replacing cows in the herd is second only to nutrition as the single greatest input cost in cow/calf beef production. The increased availability of cereal grains for feeding livestock has allowed replacement heifers to enter the production system at younger ages. Many heifer development programs feed to ensure they reach ...
Ginjupalli Gautam K GK Environmental Toxicology Program, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, - - 2014
Arachidonic acid (AA) is one of only two unsaturated fatty acids retained in the ovaries of crustaceans, and an inhibitor of HR97g, a nuclear receptor expressed in adult ovaries. We hypothesized that as a key fatty acid, AA may be associated with reproduction and potentially environmental sex determination in Daphnia. ...
Yesilaltay Ayce A Departments of Biology - - 2014
The HDL receptor scavenger receptor, class B type I (SR-BI) controls the structure and fate of plasma HDL. Female SR-BI KO mice are infertile, apparently because of their abnormal cholesterol-enriched HDL particles. We examined the growth and meiotic progression of SR-BI KO oocytes and found that they underwent normal germinal ...
Morgan Daniel H DH University of North - - 2014
About 15% of heterosexual couples in the USA suffer from infertility issues; male infertility accounts for approximately 50% of all infertility cases and roughly 50% of male infertility is idiopathic. Increased levels of plasma cholesterol affect negatively spermatogenesis and male fertility, but by unclear mechanisms. Clearly, spermatogenesis occurs in immune-privileged ...
Lorenzo Pl P Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, - - 2014
Rabbit does in modern rabbitries are under intensive reproductive rhythms. Females are high milk producers with high energetic expenses due to the extensive overlap between lactation and gestation. This situation leads to a negative energy balance with a mobilization of body fat especially in primiparous rabbit does. Poor body condition ...
Mehrim Ahmed I AI Animal Production Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Al-Mansoura University, Al-Mansoura, Egypt, - - 2014
Tilapias are becoming increasingly popular culture fish because of their superior culture adaptability. In recent years, there has been a great interest in the use of probiotics in fish aquaculture. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the effect of dietary graded levels (0, 5, 10, and 15 g/kg ...
Tsouma Iliana I Department of Biopathology, University of Athens, Aretaieion Hospital, Athens, - - 2014
Aim: To correlate serum and follicular fluid (FF) leptin and visfatin levels with lipid lipoprotein levels in women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing ovarian stimulation. Materials and Methods: We studied 90 PCOS women and 94 age- and weight-matched controls, enrolled in the In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) program. ...
Jougleux Jean-Luc - - 2014
Objectives We previously demonstrated that a mild pre-natal/early post-natal iron-deficient anaemic (IDA) diet devoid of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) affected development, neurophysiology, and cerebral lipid biochemistry of the guinea pigs' progeny. Impacts of dietary LC-PUFA on altered cerebral development resulting from pre-natal IDA are unknown. To address this health ...
de Luis D A DA Center of Investigation of Endocrinology and Clinical Nutrition, Medicine School and Unit of Investigation, Hospital Rio Hortega, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, - - 2014
Human obesity is characterized by high levels of leptin, and leptin levels may change with weight loss and dietary restriction. The aim of our study was to investigate the influence of Lys656Asn polymorphism in the leptin receptor gene on cardiovascular risk factors, weight loss, and serum leptin levels to a ...
Jobs Elisabeth - - 2014
Increased circulating cathepsin S levels have been linked to increased risk of cardiometabolic diseases and cancer. However, whether cathepsin S is a modifiable risk factor is unclear. We aimed to investigate the effects of a prudent diet on plasma cathepsin S levels in healthy individuals. Explorative analyses of a randomized ...
Machaba Kgothatso E - - 2014
Hyperlipidemia, a metabolic disorder of lipids, is a well known risk factor of cardiovascular events and metabolic syndrome. In this study, the in vivo lipid-lowering activity of the triterpene (Methyl-3beta-hydroxylanosta-9,24-dien-21-oate), isolated from the stem bark of Protorhus longifolia, in high fat diet (HFD)-induced hyperlipidemic rats was investigated. Structure of the ...
Samal Lipismita L Centre of Advanced Faculty Training in Animal Nutrition, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, 243122, - - 2014
Many studies have been conducted using purified prebiotics like inulin or fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) as nutraceuticals but there is very little information available on the prebiotic potential of raw products rich in inulin and FOS like Jerusalem artichoke (JA; Helianthus tuberosus). The present experiment aimed to evaluate the prebiotic effects of ...
Faber Catherine C Department of Comparative Pathobiology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, - - 2014
Cardiolipin (CL) is crucial for mitochondrial energy metabolism and structural integrity. Alterations in CL quantity or CL species have been associated with mitochondrial dysfunction in several pathological conditions and diseases, including mitochondrial dysfunction-related compound attrition and post-market withdrawal of promising drugs. Here we report alterations in the CL profiles in ...
García-Lara Nadia Raquel NR Department of Neonatology, 12 de Octubre Hospital, Madrid, Spain - - 2014
Substantial fat loss may occur during continuous feeding of human milk (HM). A decrease of fat loss has been described following homogenization. Well-established methods of homogenization of HM for routine use in the neonatal intensive-care unit (NICU) would be desirable. We compared the loss of fat based on the use ...
Okudan Nilsel N Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Selcuk University , Konya , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between oligopolymorphism in the 25th codon of leptin gene and obesity. Eighty-seven obese women and 75 healthy women were constituted obese and control groups. Body fat percent, fat mass and lean body mass were determined by bioimpedance meter ...
Mehrotra A A Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Based on the growing evidence of risk reduction from fresh fruit and vegetable consumption and an inverse relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), we determined the benefits of regularly consuming vitamin D-enriched mushrooms in a prediabetic cohort. Exposing edible mushrooms to ultraviolet ...
Taghizadeh Mohsen M Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I.R. - - 2014
Abstract Objective: This study was designed to determine the favorable effects of received multivitamin vs. multivitamin-mineral supplements on metabolic profiles and biomarkers of oxidative stress among Iranian pregnant women. Methods: This double-blind randomized-controlled clinical trial was conducted among 70 pregnant women, primigravida, aged 18-35 years old between 16-37 weeks gestation. ...
O Brien Kate M - - 2014
Better diet quality has been associated with less weight gain over time. However, few studies have examined the role of diet quality during weight loss. This study aimed to compare changes in diet quality in overweight/obese adults during a weight loss intervention, and determine whether an association between diet quality ...
Liu Liyun - - 2014
Although hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD), only limited data are available regarding its direct effect on myocardial function apart from CAD. The aim of this study was to evaluate LV systolic function using speckle-tracking echocardiography and investigate the relationship between hypercholesterolemia and myocardial function. ...
Shimizu Tomohiko T From the Departments of Cardiology (T.S., S.-i.M., H.T., T.K., Y.U., K.S.), Molecular Cardiovascular Therapeutics (S.-i.M., Y.U., K.S.), Biochemistry (B.Z.), and Advanced Therapeutics for Cardiovascular Disease (K.S.), Fukuoka University School of Medicine, Fukuoka, - - 2014
It is controversial whether statins improve high-density lipoprotein (HDL) function, which plays an important role in reverse cholesterol transport in vivo. The aim of the present study was to clarify the effects of rosuvastatin and atorvastatin on reverse cholesterol transport in macrophage cells in vivo and their underlying mechanisms. Male ...
Lan Yuan-Long YL Fujian Academy of Integrative Medicine, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou, 350108, - - 2014
To investigate the effect of Dan-gua Fang () on adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP) activated protein kinase (AMPK) α expression in liver and subsequent improvement of glucose and lipid metabolism. Forty 13-week-old diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats were randomly divided into model, Dan-gua Fang, metformin and simvastatin groups (n=10 for each), and fed ...
Kondoh Masatoshi M Central Research Laboratories, Nichinichi Pharmaceutical Corporation Limited,239-1 Tominaga, - - 2014
A high-fat diet (HFD) is one of the causes of hepatic steatosis. We previously demonstrated that Enterococcus faecalis FK-23 (FK-23), a type of lactic acid bacteria, exhibits an anti-obesity effect in mice fed a HFD. In the present study, we examined the effects of FK-23 on HFD-induced hepatic steatosis. Male ...
Fujii Tatiane Mieko de Meneses TM Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo , São Paulo , Brazil - - 2014
Abstract To investigate the effect of Yerba Mate (YM) aqueous extract intake on the NF-kB pathway and AKT expression in the liver, muscle, and adipose tissue of rats submitted to a high-fat diet (HFD). Male Wistar rats were fed a control (CON) (n = 24) or a HFD (n = 24) for 12 weeks. ...
Jallow Demba B DB Department of Tropical Agriculture and International Cooperation, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Pingtung 91201, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of ambient temperatures on carcass characteristics of lambs fed concentrate diets with or without NaHCO3 supplementation. A slaughter study was carried on 12 male Black Belly Barbados lambs randomly drawn from a growth trial (35 weeks). The lambs were divided ...
Ding Wen-Jin WJ Department of Gastroenterology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, - - 2014
Recent evidence has indicated that polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), such as omega-3 PUFA, have protective effects on a range of chronic inflammatory conditions, including obesity, and may play a role in the reversal of steatohepatitis. However, the effects of omega-3 PUFA on adipokine expression and hepatic lipid metabolism have not ...
de Sousa M V MV Laboratory of Medical Investigation, LIM-18, Endocrinology Division, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
We evaluated the effects of recreational football training combined with calorie-restricted diet (football + diet) vs calorie-restricted diet alone (diet) on aerobic fitness, lipid profile, and insulin resistance indicators in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. Forty-four T2D patients aged 48-68 years (27 females, 17 males) were randomly allocated to the football + diet group ...
Szabó András A Kaposvár University, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Department of Food Development and Bioanalytics, Guba S. u. 40., 7400 Kaposvár, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2014
Weaned rabbits were fed diets contaminated with 2mg/kg diet T-2 toxin alone, or 10mg/kg diet fumonisin B1 (FB1) alone, and both toxins in combination (2+10mg/kg, resp.), as compared to a toxin free control. Samplings were performed after 2 and 4weeks. Bodyweight of the T-2 fed group was lower after 4weeks; ...
Gomez-Zorita Saioa - - 2014
The current study aimed to demonstrate the effects of pterostilbene in rats fed an obesogenic diet. For this purpose, pterostilbene was administered at doses of 15 mg/kg body weight/d (PT15 group) or 30 mg/kg body weight/d (PT30 group) for 6 weeks. Pterostilbene reduced adipose tissue mass -15.1% (PT15) and -22.9% ...
Tavares Lílian de Lima Lde L Department of Surgery, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, CE, - - 2014
To investigate whether there is any effect resulting from preconditioning with nutraceutical supplementation containing arginine and oil mixes with high ω9:ω6 ratio and low ω6:ω3 ratio containing EPA and DHA, ALA fatty acids on inflammatory mediators, antioxidant and lipid profile modulation in surgical trauma. Twenty-six men scheduled for radical prostatectomy ...
Sirjani Mahshid M Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
There has been considerable inconsistency regarding the potential relationship between dyslipidemia and bone metabolism. The inflammatory stimulation through the receptor activator of the nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL)/ receptor activator of the nuclear factor kappa-B (RANK)/ osteoprotegerin (OPG) pathway could be the infrastructural mechanism for hypercholesterolemia-induced bone loss.In this study, ...
Blanco C C Instituto de Ganadería de Montaña (CSIC-Universidad de León), E-24346 Grulleros (León), Spain - - 2014
Forty-four merino lambs (6 to8 wk old; BW 15.6 ± 0.21 kg) were used to study the effect of adding different proportions of sunflower soapstock (SS) to pelleted total mixed ration (TMR) for fattening lambs on feed intake, animal growth and dressing percentage, ruminal fluid characteristics and blood acid-base parameters. ...
Hu Yuanliang Y College of Life Sciences, Hubei Normal University, Huangshi, Hubei 435002, China - - 2014
This research focused on the effects of different doses of Bacillus subtilis KN-42 on the growth performance, diarrhea incidence, faecal bacterial flora, and the relative number of Lactobacillus and Escherichia coli in faeces of weaned piglets to determine whether the strain can serve as a candidate antimicrobial growth promoter. A ...
Zarrati Mitra M a Department of Nutrition, School of Health , Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , - - 2014
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether probiotics had an effect on proinflammatory markers and cytokines in overweight and obese individuals and whether they could have synergistic effects with weight-loss diets. Methods: A total of 75 healthy overweight and obese individuals completed this randomized doubled-blind controlled clinical ...
Wang Yanli Y Research Institute of Atherosclerotic Disease, and Laboratory Animal Center, Xi'an Jiaotong University Cardiovascular Research Center, Xi'an, Shaanxi, - - 2014
Statins are often prescribed for treatment of cardiovascular diseases, although there are still many patients who cannot be effectively treated by statins alone. Both probucol and cilostazol exhibit anti-atherogenic effects. In the current study, we attempted to investigate whether a probucol and cilostazol combination had any add-on effects on atorvastatin. ...
Pedersen Lene R LR Department of Cardiology, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark - - 2014
We aimed to compare the effect of aerobic interval training (AIT) versus a low energy diet (LED) on physical fitness, body composition, cardiovascular risk factors and symptoms in overweight individuals with coronary artery disease (CAD). Seventy non-diabetic participants with CAD, a BMI>28 kg/m(2) and aged 45 to 75 years were ...
Shakhtshneider E V EV Research Institute of Therapy, Siberian Division of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia, - - 2014
TaqIB polymorphism of the gene encoding cholesterol ester transporting protein (CETP) was analyzed in the Caucasian population of West Siberia and in groups contrast by total serum cholesterol content. The patients were selected for the study from the main sample of HAPIEE project (9600 examined subjects aged 45-69 years, 50% ...
Humer E E Institute of Animal Nutrition, Products and Nutrition Physiology, Department for Agrobiotechnology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, - - 2014
To date, most studies published were carried out on broilers of the same sex, and possible gender-specific effects of phytogenic substances have not been investigated so far. A 3 × 2 factorial study was performed to examine gender-specific effects of a PFA at two dietary levels (150, 1500 ppm) on growth performance, carcass ...
Xu Guo-Qiang GQ Guo-Qiang Xu, Cheng-Fu Xu, Hong-Tan Chen, Shan Liu, Chao-Hui Yu, Department of Gastroenterology, the First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310003, Zhejiang Province, - - 2014
To investigate the role of caveolin-3 (CAV3) and cholecystokinin A receptor (CCKAR) in cholesterol gallstone disease (CGD). To establish a mouse model of CGD, male C57BL/6 mice were fed with a lithogenic diet containing 1.0% cholic acid, 1.25% cholesterol and 15% fat; a similar control group was given a normal ...
Ryo Miwa M Miwa Ryo, Ken Kishida, Tadashi Nakamura, Tohru Yoshizumi, Tohru Funahashi, Iichiro Shimomura, Department of Metabolic Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, - - 2014
Abdominal obesity, rather than total amount of fat, is linked to obesity-related disorders. Visceral adiposity is an important component of obesity-related disorders in Japanese individuals with a mild degree of adiposity compared with Western subjects. In 1983, our group reported techniques for body fat analysis using computed tomography (CT) and ...
Cayir Yasemin Y a Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine , Ataturk University , Erzurum , - - 2014
Abstract Physical activity and healthy eating are of the utmost importance in treatment of obesity. However obese generally tend to have a sedentary lifestyle. Walking is a form of physical activity that is both simple and can be performed by everyone, but it requires an objective measurement. Number of steps ...
Lin G G School and Hospital of Stomatology, Fujian Medical University, and Stomatological Key Laboratory of Fujian College and University, Fuzhou, China; Department of Stomatology, Fujian Provincial People's Hospital, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou, - - 2014
Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) lipopolysaccharide is associated with the immune response and atherosclerosis. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of micro-amounts of Pg-lipopolysaccharide on rabbit inflammatory immune response and the development of atherosclerosis. Twenty-four New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into four groups (n = 6). Group A was fed a ...
McKoy Marsha-Lyn ML 1 Pharmacology Section, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, University of the West Indies , Kingston, Jamaica - - 2014
Abstract A sapogenin-rich preparation from Jamaican bitter yam (Dioscorea polygonoides) has been shown to reduce blood cholesterol concentrations in hypercholesterolemic rats and mice. Also, diosgenin supplementation has been reported to have antilipemic effects in several animal species. We investigated potential mechanisms of the lipid-lowering actions of bitter yam and also ...
Elahi Maqsood M MM Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Texas A & M Health Science Centre at Scott & White Memorial Hospital, 2401 S. 31st Street, Temple, TX, 76508, USA, - - 2014
Previously we have demonstrated that maternal high fat diet (HF) during pregnancy increase cardiovascular risk in the offspring, and pharmacological intervention using statins in late pregnancy reduced these risk factors. However the effects of maternal HF-feeding and statin treatment during pregnancy on development of heart remain unknown. Hence we measured ...
Aparicio Virginia A VA 1 Department of Physiology, School of Pharmacy and Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Granada , Granada, Spain - - 2014
Abstract Different dietary protein sources can promote different renal statuses. We examined the effects of whey protein (WP) and soy protein (SP) intake on plasma, urinary, and morphological renal parameters in rats. One hundred and twenty Wistar rats were randomly distributed into 2 experimental groups fed with either WP or ...
Yoshikawa Takeo T Department of Pharmacology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan; - - 2014
L-histidine is one of the essential amino acids for humans, and it plays a critical role as a component of proteins. L-histidine is also important as a precursor of histamine. Brain histamine is synthesized from L-histidine in the presence of histidine decarboxylase, which is expressed in histamine neurons. In the ...
Bao K K Institute of Special Animal and Plant Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Changchun 130112, - - 2014
The study was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary manganese (Mn) on reproductive performance of female Ussuri raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides) during the breeding season. Healthy female Ussuri raccoon dogs (n=72) were randomly divided into six groups of twelve each. The six experimental diets were formulated to contain graded ...
Ha Ae Wha AW Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Dankook University, 152 Jukjeon-Ro, Suji-Gu, Yongin-Si, Gyeonggi 448-701, - - 2014
It is hypothesized that obese people with dyslipidemia is more likely to have increased oxidative stress and decreased antioxidant status, in comparison with the controls who were obese without dyslipidemia. Thus, the aims of the present study were to determine the dietary intakes, plasma adipokines, and antioxidative systems between obese ...
Qin Chubin C Key Laboratory for Feed Biotechnology of the Ministry of Agriculture, Feed Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, P. R. - - 2014
We investigated the effects of incorporating chitinase (ChiB565)-hydrolyzed shrimp shell chitin into the diet of hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus ♀× O. aureus ♂) with regard to production, intestinal immune status and autochthonous gut bacteria, and protection against bacterial pathogen Aeromonas hydrophila. Five experimental diets were formulated by supplementing the basal ...
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