Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1062
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Marcolin Eder - - 2012
We investigated whether quercetin protects from steatosis and limits the expression of proinflammatory and fibrogenic genes in C57BL/6J mice with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) induced by feeding a methionine-choline-deficient (MCD) diet. Quercetin (50 mg/kg) was given by oral route daily. Mice were randomly divided into 4 groups that received for 2 ...
Figueiredo-Silva A Cláudia - - 2012
This study examines how dietary macronutrient-induced changes in voluntary food intake (FI) relate to changes in markers of hepatic oxidative metabolism and in the expression of FI regulatory neuropeptides in a teleost model, the rainbow trout. Rainbow trout were fed for 6weeks with one of four iso-energetic diets (2×2 factorial ...
Zachaƙová Alice - - 2012
1. The aim was to investigate whether rosuvastatin affect rat cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C11 and CYP2C6. CYP2C11 and CYP2C6 are considered as counterparts of human CYP2C9, which metabolizes many drugs including S-warfarin, diclofenac or ibuprofen. 2. The male Wistar rats were fed standard laboratory diet (STD) or high cholesterol diet (HCD, 1% ...
Dietrich B - - 2012
The effects of mycotoxins in the production of animal feed were investigated using broiler chickens. For the feeding trial, naturally Fusarium mycotoxin-contaminated wheat was used, which mainly contained deoxynivalenol (DON). The main effects of DON are reduction of the feed intake and reduced weight gain of broilers. At the molecular ...
Li Jing-Yi - - 2012
Aim:To evaluate the effects of aldosterone with or without high sodium intake on blood pressure, myocardial structure and left ventricular function in rats, and to investigate the mechanisms underlying the effects.Methods:Eight-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: (1) control (CON) group fed a normal sodium diet, (2) ...
Shevalye Hanna H Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, - - 2012
This study evaluated early renal functional, structural, and biochemical changes in high-calorie/high-fat diet fed mice, a model of prediabetes and alimentary obesity. Male C57BL6/J mice were fed normal (11 kcal% fat) or high-fat (58 kcal% fat) diets for 16 wk. Renal changes were evaluated by histochemistry and immunohistochemistry, Western blot ...
Froehle A W - - 2012
Using a sample of published archaeological data, we expand on an earlier bivariate carbon model for diet reconstruction by adding bone collagen nitrogen stable isotope values (δ(15) N), which provide information on trophic level and consumption of terrestrial vs. marine protein. The bivariate carbon model (δ(13) C(apatite) vs. δ(13) C(collagen) ...
Yang Dingwei - - 2011
Background: Whether hypercholesterolemia is a risk factor for contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) remains unclear. In the present study, the effects of short- and long-term dietary hypercholesterolemia on contrast media-induced nephrotoxicity were evaluated. Methods: Rats were fed either a normal rodent diet (N) or high-cholesterol diet (H). At the end ...
Salim H M - - 2011
Zinc (Zn) is an essential mineral for animal development and function. A study was carried out to evaluate the effect of sex and dietary organic zinc (OZ) on growth performance, carcass traits, tissue mineral content, and blood parameters of broiler chickens. A total of 240 1-day-old male and 240 female ...
Tsuchiya Y - - 2011
We trace the 34-year history of a member of the first Japanese family in which lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) deficiency was diagnosed. Marriage between cousins with low LCAT activity was responsible for familial LCAT deficiency (FLD). In 1976, a 27-year-old Japanese man was noted to have FLD based on proteinuria, hematuria, ...
Bernardi Stella - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin II (AngII) contributes to salt-driven kidney damage. In this study, we aimed at investigating whether and how the renal damage associated with a high-salt diet could result from changes in the ratio between angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2).METHODS: Forty-eight rats randomly allocated to three different ...
Habegger K M - - 2012
Diminished cortical filamentous actin (F-actin) has been implicated in skeletal muscle insulin resistance, yet the mechanism(s) is unknown. Here we tested the hypothesis that changes in membrane cholesterol could be a causative factor, as organised F-actin structure emanates from cholesterol-enriched raft microdomains at the plasma membrane. Skeletal muscle samples from ...
Naqshbandi Ashreeb - - 2011
Cisplatin (CP) is a major antineoplastic drug for the treatment of solid tumors, however, dose dependent nephrotoxicity remains the major concern for its long term use. Several agents/strategies were attempted to prevent CP nephrotoxicity but were not found suitable for clinical practice. Dietary fish oil (FO) enriched in ω-3 fatty ...
Kato Takuya - - 2011
We examined the use of external measurements and relative fat deposition of adult feral raccoons (Procyon lotor) to develop relative indices of body fat deposition in post-growth feral raccoons. From March 2006 to March 2010, 288 adult raccoon carcasses (110 males, 178 females) collected in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, which were ...
Salim H M - - 2011
1. Zinc is an essential trace element. The objective of this research was to investigate the effects of various levels of organic zinc (OZ) supplementation on growth performance and carcase quality of female broiler chickens. 2. A total of 3200 1-d-old female broiler chicks were randomly allotted to 16 floor ...
Mori Yusaku - - 2011
We attempted to elucidate the relationship between cholesterol absorption and kidney damage by investigating the renoprotective effect of ezetimibe, a cholesterol absorption inhibitor, in 5/6 nephrectomized rats (Nx). The Nx or sham-operated rats (Sham) were fed 1% high-cholesterol diet (HC) containing ezetimibe (10 mg/[kg d]), pitavastatin (3 mg/[kg d]), or ...
Maiorano G - - 2011
To study growth performance and meat quality traits (cholesterol content and intramuscular collagen properties) of quail, 3 trials were carried out. Trial 1 used males of generation 19 of the egg type Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) selected previously (until generation 17) for low (n = 8) or high (n = ...
Canales Benjamin K - - 2012
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is the most common surgical intervention for long-term weight loss in morbidly obese patients. By decreasing obesity-associated hyperfiltration, diabetes, and hypertension, RYGB is touted to stabilize, if not prevent, progression of chronic renal disease. To test this, the renal histology of diet-induced obese rats that ...
Peng Lu L Section of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, JiShuiTan Hospital, Beijing, PR China. - - 2011
It has been previously observed that low-density lipoprotein receptor knockout (LDLR--/--) mice fed a Western-type diet without cholate and given the liver X receptor agonist T1317 develop a persistent and enhanced hypertriglyceridemia. In contrast, LDLR--/-- mice fed a Paigen diet with cholate exhibit only a transient increase in plasma triglycerides ...
Hao Jun - - 2011
Renal tubular lipid accumulation is associated with renal injury in the metabolic syndrome, but its mechanisms are not fully elucidated. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the exact mechanism of renal tubular lipid accumulation in the diet-induced metabolic syndrome. The in vivo experiments showed that a high-fat ...
Staszkiewicz Jaroslaw - - 2012
Stem Cell Antigen-1 (Sca-1) is a member of the lymphocyte-activated protein 6 family and has served as a marker for the identification of stem cells in various tissues, including fat depots. In vitro and in vivo studies suggest the possible involvement of Sca-1 in adipogenic differentiation and link Sca-1 antigenicity ...
Haave Marte - - 2011
Fish and seafood are important contributions to a healthy diet, but also contain persistent organic pollutants (POPs) like polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Discrepancies have been found between intake and accumulated levels of POPs, where fish consumers have had similar levels of POPs to the general population. Similarly ...
Kim Ji Hyun - - 2011
Hypercholesterolemia may increase stroke risk by accelerating atherosclerosis, narrowing the luminal diameter in cerebral vessels, and disrupting both vascular endothelial and smooth muscle function. In the present study, we investigated the beneficial effects of combinatorial therapy with probucol and cilostazol on focal cerebral ischemia with hypercholesterolemia. Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) knockout ...
Huang Wei W Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, The Dorothy M. Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio 43210, - - 2011
The protein kinase C (PKC) family of Ca(2+) and/or lipid-activated serine-threonine protein kinases is implicated in the pathogenesis of obesity and insulin resistance. We recently reported that protein kinase Cβ (PKCβ), a calcium-, diacylglycerol-, and phospholipid-dependent kinase, is critical for maintaining whole body triglyceride homeostasis. We now report that PKCβ ...
Bhuiyan Muhammad J H MJ Division of Food Bioscience and Technology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, South - - 2011
Enzymatically modified rice starch (ERS) synthesized with 4-α-glucanotransferase has a longer structure than rice starch, which could delay digestion, similar to dietary fiber. We investigated the effects of ERS on glucose and lipid metabolism with mice fed a high-fat diet containing ERS (HFD-ERS). Four weeks of ERS feeding showed hypoglycemic ...
Lou You-Rong - - 2011
Our previous studies reported that caffeine or voluntary exercise decreased skin tumor multiplicity, in part, by decreasing fat levels in the dermis. These data suggest that tissue fat may play an important role in regulating ultraviolet light (UV) B-induced skin tumor development. In the present study, we explored the effects ...
Orlicky David J DJ Department of Pathology, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, 12800 E. 19th Ave., Aurora, CO 80045, - - 2011
Hepatosteatosis is a common pathological feature of impaired hepatic metabolism following chronic alcohol consumption. Although often benign and reversible, it is widely believed that steatosis is a risk factor for development of advanced liver pathologies, including steatohepatitis and fibrosis. The hepatocyte alterations accompanying the initiation of steatosis are not yet ...
Arapostathi Christina - - 2011
This study investigated whether switching from a diet rich in saturated fatty acids (SAFAs) to a diet rich in monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) or to one with equal amounts of MUFAs-SAFAs favorably affects the lipid profile of hypercholesterolemic mice. C57BL/6 mice (n = 82) were allocated into 4 groups. The ...
Arthur Julian R - - 2011
Filipin is an antibiotic polyene widely used as a histochemical marker for cholesterol. We previously reported cholesterol/filipin-positive staining in brain of β-galactosidase (β-gal) knockout ((-/-)) mice (GM1 gangliosidosis). The content and distribution of cholesterol and gangliosides was analyzed in plasma membrane (PM) and microsomal (MS) fractions from whole-brain tissue of ...
Workman Joanna L - - 2011
Previous behavioral studies have manipulated nitric oxide (NO) production either by pharmacological inhibition of its synthetic enzyme, nitric oxide synthase (NOS), or by deletion of the genes that code for NOS. However manipulation of dietary intake of the NO precursor, l-arginine, has been understudied in regard to behavioral regulation. l-Arginine ...
Kasaikina Marina V - - 2011
Colonization of the gastrointestinal tract and composition of the microbiota may be influenced by components of the diet, including trace elements. To understand how selenium regulates the intestinal microflora, we used high-throughput sequencing to examine the composition of gut microbiota of mice maintained on selenium-deficient, selenium-sufficient, and selenium-enriched diets. The ...
Niu C-S - - 2011
The imidazoline I-1 receptor (I-1 R) agonists are widely used to lower blood pressure, but their effects on hyperlipidemia are still obscure. The present study is aimed to evaluate the possible mechanism(s) of I-1 R in the regulation of lipid homeostasis. Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) plays an important role in ...
Ruskin David N DN Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychology, Trinity College, Hartford, CT 06106, USA. - - 2011
Ketogenic diets are high in fat and low in carbohydrates, and have long been used as an anticonvulsant therapy for drug-intractable and pediatric epilepsy. Additionally, ketogenic diets have been shown to provide neuroprotective effects against acute and chronic brain injury, including beneficial effects in various rodent models of neurodegeneration. Huntington's ...
Yang Zhi-Hong - - 2011
We investigated the effect of saury oil on the alleviation of metabolic syndrome in mice. Saury oil contains 18% (w/w/) n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) and 35% (w/w) monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA). Diabetic KKAy mice were fed a 10% soybean oil diet (control) or a 10% saury oil diet ...
Epperly Michael W - - 2011
Abstract Many acute and chronic effects of ionizing radiation are mediated by reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species, which deplete antioxidant stores, leading to cellular apoptosis, stem cell depletion and accelerated aging. C57BL/6NHsd mice receiving intravenous MnSOD-PL prior to 9.5 Gy total-body irradiation (TBI) show increased survival from the ...
Yang Yue - - 2011
Blue-green algae (BGA) have been consumed as food and herbal medicine for centuries. However, safety for their consumption has not been well investigated. This study was undertaken to evaluate in vitro and in vivo toxicity of cultivated Nostoc commune var. sphaeroides Kützing (NO) and Spirulina platensis (SP). Neither NO nor ...
Kalmar I D - - 2011
The effect of dietary supplementation with N,N-dimethylglycine sodium salt (Na-DMG) was evaluated in a feeding trial with 1500 1-day-old broiler chicks (Cobb 500). DMG was supplemented at 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5 or 1 g Na-DMG/kg feed to a ration with either animal fat (chicken fat) or vegetal fat (soy oil) as ...
Wade James B - - 2011
ROMK channels are well-known to play a central role in renal K secretion, but the absence of highly specific and avid-ROMK antibodies has presented significant roadblocks toward mapping the extent of expression along the entire distal nephron and determining whether surface density of these channels is regulated in response to ...
Fenyo Ioana M - - 2011
Oxidative stress-induced vascular injury represents a major contributor to the pathoetiology of atherosclerosis. Elevated NADPH oxidase (Nox) activity promotes oxidative injury of the cardiovascular cells. Janus-tyrosine-kinase (Jak) family regulate various aspects of the atherosclerotic process e.g., inflammation, cellular growth, proliferation, and migration. Here, we investigated the potential of Jak2 inhibition ...
Saraiva Simone A - - 2011
The impact of obesity on the inflammatory process has been described in asthma, however little is known about the influence of diet-induced obesity on lung remodeling. For this purpose, 56 recently weaned A/J mice were randomly divided into 2 groups. In the C group, mice were fed a standard chow ...
Taschler Ulrike - - 2011
Monoglyceride lipase (MGL) influences energy metabolism by at least two mechanisms. First, it hydrolyzes monoacylglycerols (MG) into fatty acids and glycerol. These products can be used for energy production or synthetic reactions. Second, MGL degrades 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG), the most abundant endogenous ligand of cannabinoid receptors (CBR). Activation of CBR ...
More Vijay R VR Department of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, - - 2011
Drug pharmacokinetics can be altered in obese and diabetic subjects. In consideration of the prevalence of obesity and diabetes, characterization of transporter expression in mouse models of diabetes and obesity may be a useful tool to aid in prediction of altered drug pharmacokinetics or adverse drug reactions. It has been ...
Li Lixin - - 2011
Complete lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) deficiency uniformly results in a profound HDL deficiency. We recently reported unexpected enhanced insulin sensitivity in LCAT knock-out mice in the LDL receptor knock-out background (Ldlr(-/-)×Lcat(-/-); double knock-out (DKO)), when compared with their Ldlr(-/-)×Lcat(+/+) (single knock-out (SKO)) controls. Here, we report that LCAT-deficient mice (DKO ...
Jia Qian - - 2011
Both fish oil (FO) and curcumin have potential as anti-tumour and anti-inflammatory agents. To further explore their combined effects on dextran sodium sulphate (DSS)-induced colitis, C57BL/6 mice were randomised to four diets (2 × 2 design) differing in fatty acid content with or without curcumin supplementation (FO, FO+2 % curcumin, ...
Penhoat Armelle - - 2011
Protein-enriched diets are well known to initiate satiety effects in animals and humans. It has been recently suggested that this might be dependent on the induction of gluconeogenesis in the intestine. The resulting intestinal glucose release, detected by a "so-called" glucose sensor located within the walls of the portal vein ...
Sung Yoon-Young - - 2011
This study investigated the anti-obesity activity and underlying mechanism of a 70% ethanol extract from Allium fistulosum L. (AFE) in high-fat diet-induced obese mice. AFE was orally administered to mice with the high-fat diet at a dose of 400 mg/kg/day for 6.5 weeks. AFE treatment significantly reduced body weight and white ...
Sung Miranda M Y - - 2011
As aging is a significant risk factor for the development of left ventricular hypertrophy and cardiovascular disease, we hypothesized that hearts from middle-aged mice may be more sensitive to the effects of a high fat (HF) diet than hearts from young mice. To investigate this, young (10-12 week old) and middle-aged ...
Alston-Mills Brenda - - 2011
The objective of the present study was to determine the effects of soya and whey milk protein, α-lactalbumin (α-LA), on mammary gland morphology and the structural support of the gland, in pre-pubertal mice after 7 d of treatment. In Expt 1, weaned (day 21) CD1 mice were given one of the ...
Hogan Shelly - - 2011
Dietary antioxidants may provide a cost-effective strategy to promote health in obesity by targeting oxidative stress and inflammation. We recently found that the antioxidant-rich grape skin extract (GSE) also exerts a novel anti-hyperglycemic activity. This study investigated whether 3-month GSE supplementation can improve oxidative stress, inflammation, and hyperglycemia associated with ...
Bell-Anderson K S - - 2011
Objective:Fat Aussie mice (foz/foz) are morbidly obese, glucose intolerant and have liver steatosis that develops into steatohepatitis on a high-fat diet. The cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1) antagonist SR141716 has been shown to improve obesity-associated metabolic complications in humans and rodent models. The aim of this study was to assess the ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >