Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1021
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Wilson Margaret-Mary G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition is a risk factor for increased mortality in older adults. Therapeutic intervention includes the administration of liquid dietary supplements. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of liquid dietary supplements on satiation, satiety, and energy intake in older adults. DESIGN: This study had 2 phases in a within-subject, repeated-measures design. ...
Jean Clémentine - - 2002
The aim of this work was to study the evolution of rat food choice in relation to their age and metabolic parameters. Eighty Wistar rats were studied from birth to 13 weeks of age. At weaning, six litters were fed on a macronutrient self-selecting diet and four on a standard ...
Hozumi Takeshi - - 2002
BACKGROUND: High-fat meals and elevated triglyceride levels are associated with cardiovascular disease. In recent studies of brachial artery vasoactivity, a single high-fat meal reduced endothelial function in young healthy men. It is unknown whether coronary microcirculation is affected after high-fat meals. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate change in coronary flow reserve after ...
Robertson M Denise - - 2002
BACKGROUND: High-fat and high-carbohydrate diets lead to insulin resistance, gastrointestinal adaptation, and high plasma triacylglycerol concentrations. It is unclear, however, how rapidly these changes occur. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the effects of both high-fat and high-carbohydrate evening meals on parameters of insulin resistance, hypertriglyceridemia, and gastrointestinal hormones. DESIGN: Twelve ...
Cromwell G L - - 2002
Dehulled soybean meal prepared from genetically modified, herbicide (glyphosate)-tolerant Roundup Ready soybeans containing the CP4 EPSPS protein and near-isogenic conventional soybeans were assessed in an experiment with growing-finishing pigs. The soybeans were grown in the yr 2000 under similar agronomic conditions except that the Roundup Ready soybeans were sprayed with ...
Mangano Maria - - 2002
The hypothesis that fat increases esophageal sensitivity to acid was tested in eight patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and 11 healthy subjects. Protocol 1 included randomized intragastric infusions of saline or Lipofundin S 20% (306 kcal) on two separate days, followed after 30 and 90 min by an 8 ml/min ...
Gajjar Diptee A - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a high-fat meal on the systemic exposure of oral BMS-284756. DESIGN: Open-label, randomized, two-way crossover study. SETTING: Clinical research facility. SUBJECTS: Fourteen healthy individuals. INTERVENTIONS: Participants received two single 400-mg doses of BMS-284756, separated by at least 1 week. One dose was given ...
Castiglione K E - - 2002
Previous work has shown that the gastric emptying rate in animals and humans can adapt due to previous dietary intake. The present study investigated whether adaptation in gastric emptying rate due to consumption of a high-fat diet (HFD) is nutrient specific in humans. Gastric emptying of high-fat and high-carbohydrate test ...
Xu Xiaohong - - 2002
The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of gastric emptying with gastric myoelectrical activity recorded from internal serosal electrodes and with gastric motility measured from strain gauges. The study was performed in eight healthy dogs chronically implanted with four pairs of electrodes and two strain gauges on ...
Cullen Karen Weber - - 2002
This study investigated the fat consumption and dietary fat practices of 183 African-American Boy Scouts, members of urban (low socioeconomic status [SES]) and church-affiliated (middle SES) troops by meal source. The scouts completed 2 24-hour dietary recalls. Total kilocalories (kcal), % kcal from fat and saturated fat, and high and ...
Colombo P - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) is commonly considered to be worsened by fatty food, but it has recently been shown that changing the fat content of equicaloric meals has no effect on GOR over a 3-h postprandial period. Our aims were to verify this finding over a longer postprandial period and ...
Lowden A - - 2001
A six-day high-carbohydrate meal (HC; 65 E% (energy percent) carbohydrates, 20 E% fat and 15 E% protein) and a six-day high-fat meal (HF; 40 E% carbohydrates, 45 E% fat and 15 E% protein) were given to seven healthy subjects in a crossover design. On the last day subjects were kept ...
Volek J S - - 2001
Postprandial testosterone concentrations have been shown to significantly decrease after a fat-rich meal, which may be due to inhibition of testosterone production by chylomicrons. We examined the effects of a high-fat diet known to reduce postprandial chylomicrons on the testosterone response to a fat-rich meal. Total testosterone (TT), free testosterone ...
Shafer D J - - 2001
Studies were conducted to examine the chemical preservation of whole broiler carcasses by using aqueous alkaline hydroxide solutions. Conversion of the preserved carcasses and solutions into an acceptable poultry byproduct meal was examined. Carcasses and alkaline solutions at a 1:1 ratio were blended and freeze-dried to produce a high fat ...
Meyer J H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) frequently report that meals high in fat worsen heartburn. Nevertheless, studies to determine whether high fat meals promote gastro-oesophageal reflux have produced conflicting and equivocal conclusions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: To determine, alternatively, whether fat in the small intestinal lumen intensifies the perception of ...
Boling-Frankenbach S D - - 2001
Data previously reported in several studies have suggested that phytase improves amino acid digestibility in chicks. It was the objective of the current study to determine if phytase would increase the protein efficiency ratio (PER) values (g weight gain per g protein intake) for several feed ingredients fed to chicks. ...
Nandeesha M C - - 2001
The influence of Spirulina platensis meal on the growth and carcass composition of two Indian major carps, catla, Catla catla and rohu, Labeo rohita was investigated in a 90-day culture trial. Four experimental diets were used and Spirulina replaced fish meal protein from the standard diet at 25%, 50%, 75% ...
White J A - - 2001
To determine if an increase in intake at a meal before a long fast can be conditioned to food texture cues, male Sprague-Dawley rats were given a high- or low-fat diet in one texture (powder or pellet) for 1 h prior to a 12.5-h fast and in the other texture ...
Ng C K - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: Endothelial dysfunction is known to occur in patients with coronary artery disease. Flow-mediated dilation of the brachial artery using Doppler ultrasound is a non-invasive technique for the assessment of endothelial function. The objective of the study was to use the above method to evaluate the pathophysiology of high-fat (HF) ...
Buttle L G - - 2001
A lectin present in soya, soybean agglutinin (SBA), was identified in electrophoretic profiles and immunoblots of dehulled solvent-extracted soybean meal (DSSM), full-fat soybean meal (FFSM) and of aqueous extracts of feeds incorporating them in their formulation. A quantitative estimation was made of the proportion of SBA comprising the total protein ...
Abu-Ghazaleh A A - - 2001
Twelve multiparous Holstein cows at 48 +/- 8 DIM were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square with 21-d periods to determine the effect of replacing soybean meal with fish meal on feed intake, milk yield, and milk composition. Fish meal substituted for soybean meal on an isonitrogenous basis ...
Hamadeh M J - - 2001
Six normal men consumed a mixed test meal while adapted to high (1.5 g. kg(-1) x day(-1)) and low (0.3 g. kg(-1) x day(-1)) protein intakes. They completed this protocol twice: when the test meals included 3 mg/kg of [(15)N]alanine ([(15)N]Ala) and when they included 30 mg/kg of intrinsically labeled ...
Gamboa D A - - 2001
Plasma and tissue concentrations of total, (+)- and (-)-gossypol were determined in broilers fed cottonseed meals (CSM) from eight oil mills (five expander solvent, two expeller, and one direct solvent). Free gossypol in the meals ranged from 0.033 to 0.180%, and total gossypol ranged from 0.974 to 1.459%. The (+)-enantiomer ...
Carrière F - - 2001
The inhibition of digestive lipases by the antiobesity drug Orlistat along with lipolysis levels and fecal fat excretion were measured in healthy humans. Orlistat was found to be a powerful gastric lipase inhibitor, achieving 46.6--91.4% enzyme inhibition and thus greatly reducing gastric lipolysis of solid and liquid meals (11--33% of ...
Schinkovitz A - - 2001
High fat meals postprandially impair macrovascular endothelial function and a link to increased oxidative stress is suggested. Few information, on the other hand, exists on the effect of postprandial hyperlipidaemia on resistance vessel function. Under normal circumstances this vascular bed regulates tissue perfusion and, by controlling flow, impacts on macrovascular ...
Yeomans M R - - 2001
The effects of the actual and labelled fat content of a soup preload on appetite at a test meal 30 min later were assessed in 16 healthy men. Each participant ate lunch on four occasions, combining two levels of fat energy (Low, 265 kJ or High, 1510 kJ) and two ...
Kim S W - - 2001
A series of three experiments was conducted to evaluate the nutritional value of fish meals as protein sources in young pigs' diets. Four fish meals (menhaden; mackerel, dried at 85 degrees C and 70 degrees C; and herring, dried at 70 degrees C) were tested. For the first experiment, eight ...
Nestel P J - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine the effects of plasma lipids, especially in remnants after a fat meal, on systemic arterial compliance (SAC), a newly recognized cardiovascular risk factor. BACKGROUND: Post-prandial remnants correlate with coronary heart disease events through mechanisms that may include vascular dysfunction, although the effect on SAC has ...
Bourdon I - - 2001
Dry beans lower plasma cholesterol, an effect that has been associated with both the fiber and the protein content of beans. The objective of this study was to determine the acute hormone and lipid responses to a test meal that contained dry beans as a source of dietary fiber. A ...
Beaumier-Gallon G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The process of intestinal absorption and chylomicron resecretion of dietary cholesterol in humans is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that dietary cholesterol ingested during a given meal is resecreted into chylomicrons (and plasma) during several subsequent postprandial periods. DESIGN: Seven healthy subjects ingested ...
Rhind S M - - 2001
The role of cholecystokinin (CCK) in the expression of seasonal variation in feed intake and feeding activity in ruminants was investigated by active immunisation of castrated male red deer (Cervus elaphus). In April, animals of two groups (five animals per group) were immunised against either CCK or vehicle solution only ...
Abu-Ghazaleh A A - - 2001
Twelve multiparous Holstein cows at 48 +/- 8 d in milk were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square with 21-d periods to determine the effect on feed intake, milk yield, milk composition, and blood amino acids when soybean meal was replaced with fish meal. Fish meal substituted for ...
Habito R C - - 2001
The postprandial effects of different meals on serum testosterone, serum sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), and free androgen index were sequentially evaluated in 15 healthy men. The isocaloric meals contained different proteins and different quantities and type of fat as a mixed meal. Four test meals were given to subjects in ...
van der Schaar P J - - 2001
Ingestion of a meal causes proximal gastric relaxation (accommodation). The magnitude of accommodation is related to the fat content of the meal. A role for cholecystokinin (CCK) has been suggested. However, under fasting conditions intravenous CCK to postprandial levels does not induce a similar accommodation. This study further explores the ...
Bae J H - - 2001
AIMS: it appears that hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is a risk factor of atherosclerosis as demonstrated by recent studies. In this study, we analyzed the effects of acute HTG on endothelial function and oxidative stress, which are important mechanisms in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: in a high fat meal ...
Labouré H - - 2001
A complete diet was prepared with cooked pieces of meat, beans, cream starch, and water and presented to the rats in two different textures: a blended purée and a rough mixture that required a lot of chewing. We hypothesized that this texture modification might change both anticipatory reflexes and feeding ...
Olsen A K - - 2001
It is a matter of debate whether postprandial activation of blood coagulation factor VII (FVII) is associated with an increased risk of thrombosis. To clarify this question, an animal model in which consequences of dietary FVII activation can be studied in a more detailed way would be an important tool. ...
Dabrowski K - - 2001
We investigated the role of gossypol isomers binding to blood plasma, seminal plasma and spermatozoa to elucidate gossypol anti-fertility action in the teleost fish, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Growth and hematological indicators of males were depressed when fish meal protein in diets was completely replaced with cottonseed meal. The cottonseed ...
Verma S K - - 2001
Administration of 50 gm of fat to 30 healthy adult volunteers decreased fibrinolytic activity from a mean of 64.20 +/- 5.31 to 52.10 +/- 3.20 units (P < 0.001). Supplementation of 5 gm of ginger powder with fatty meal not only prevented the fall in fibrinolytic activity but actually increased ...
Smith G P - - 2001
This paper reviews the contribution of John Davis to understanding how meal size is organized and controlled in the rat. By measuring the rate and pattern of licking of various liquid diets during sham feeding and real feeding, Davis demonstrated that meal size is the result of the central integration ...
Jackson K G - - 2001
The present study was carried out to determine whether cephalic stimulation, associated with eating a meal, was sufficient stimulus to provoke the release of stored triacylglycerol (TAG) from a previous high-fat meal. Ten subjects were studied on three separate occasions. Following a 12 h overnight fast, subjects were given a ...
Katz D L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of oats and vitamin E on endothelial function following a high-fat meal in healthy adults as measured by brachial artery reactivity studies (BARS). METHODS: A total of 25 men and 25 women (N=50) were recruited from a community population to participate in this randomized, crossover ...
Sánchez-Vázquez F J - - 2001
The synchronizing stimulus, its transduction site, and the afferent pathways responsible for feeding entrainment remain unknown. In fish, the role of the diet in the development of feeding anticipatory activity (FAA) is not well understood and fundamental questions on the mechanisms of feeding entrainment, such as the meal characteristics required ...
Neal G E - - 2001
A sample of peanut meal, highly contaminated with aflatoxins, has been subjected to decontamination by two commercial ammonia-based processes. The original contaminated and the two decontaminated meals were fed to rats for 90 days. No lesions associated with aflatoxin-induced hepatocarcinogenesis were detected histologically following feeding with the two detoxified meals. ...
Hoogenboom L A - - 2001
Peanut meal naturally contaminated with 3.5 mg/kg aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) was spiked with radiolabelled AFB1 (meal 14C-I0) and decontaminated by a small-scale copy of an industrial ammoniation process (meal 14C-I1). During the process 15% of the radioactivity was lost, whereas 90% of the remaining radiolabel could not be extracted from ...
Moss S J - - 2001
The metabolic environment determines the characteristics of fibrin network structure (FNS) in plasma. Physical activity or changes in the diet (e.g., high and low glycemic index meals) can initiate these changes. The FNS were measured by means of mass-length ratio, turbidity, and compaction of the plasma obtained from male subjects. ...
Maffeis C - - 2001
Diet composition, in particular fat intake, has been suggested to be a risk factor for obesity in humans. Several mechanisms may contribute to explain the impact of fat intake on fat gain. One factor may be the low thermogenesis induced by a mixed meal rich in fat. In a group ...
Nielsen N S - - 2000
This study was performed to examine the postprandial effects of meals containing dietary fats, with their natural fatty acid composition and tocopherol content, on the plasma triacylglycerols (TG) and tocopherols and on the resistance of VLDL and LDL to oxidation. On six separate days eighteen healthy male subjects were given ...
Powell D M - - 2000
The metabolic effects of short-term feed restriction and dietary calorie source were studied in horses receiving high-roughage or high-concentrate diets. Four Thoroughbred geldings were assigned to four treatment groups in a 4 x 4 Latin square experiment. The four treatments were 1) a nutritionally adequate high-roughage ration (70% roughage, 30% ...
Penagini R - - 2000
It is common practice to prescribe avoidance of fatty foods to patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease; however, there is no good evidence supporting the benefit of such a prescription. Several reports looking at gastro-oesophageal reflux after meals of different fat content have been controversial probably because of differences in caloric ...
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