Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1021
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Schøyen Hilde F - - 2007
The effects of replacing soybean meal or fish meal with 2, 4 or 6% bacterial protein meal (BPM) on growth performance, ileal digestibility of amino acids and sensory quality of meat, were examined using 630 broiler chickens. Weight gain from 7-32 days of age did not differ significantly among the ...
Votruba Susanne B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Differential meal fat uptake into adipose tissue depots may be a determinant of body fat distribution. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We used the meal fat tracer/adipose tissue biopsy approach to compare the effects of meal fat content on the fat uptake into visceral and upper and lower body subcutaneous ...
Lin Chih-Chan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Postprandial hypertriglyceridemia is known to cause endothelial dysfunction and increased oxidative stress. Oral supplements of l-arginine have been found to improve endothelial function. However, the effects of supplements of l-arginine on the influences of postprandial hypertriglyceridemia were not studied before. METHODS: Forty young healthy men without any risk factors ...
Pacheco Yolanda M - - 2008
This study investigated whether subjects with permanent activated endothelium have altered soluble forms of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (sVCAM-1) postprandial response to a high-fat meal and whether this phenomenon is modulated by the nature of dietary fats. Twenty-eight hypertriglyceridemic (14 normotensives and 14 ...
Vanhaecke L - - 2008
2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) is a carcinogenic heterocyclic amine formed in meats during cooking. Although the formation of PhIP metabolites by mammalian enzymes has been extensively reported, the involvement of the intestinal bacteria remains unclear. This study examined the urinary and fecal excretion of a newly identified microbial PhIP metabolite 7-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-phenyl-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[3',2':4,5]imidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidin-5-ium chloride ...
Chen Emile P - - 2008
PURPOSE: To measure fasted and fed gastric pH and gastric residence time (GRT) in Cynomolgus monkeys using Bravo radiotelemetry capsules. METHODS: Continuous pH measurements were recorded with Bravo capsules, which were either attached to the monkeys' stomach or administered as free capsules. Meals (either slurry or standard), were administered at ...
Karalazos Vasileios - - 2007
Atlantic cod of initial mean weight approximately 220 g were fed a control diet and three diets in which fish meal (FM) was replaced with increasing levels of full-fat soybean meal (FFS) supplied at 12, 24, and 36% of dry diet, for 12 weeks. There were no significant differences in ...
Eyong E U - - 2007
The atherogenic potentials of peeled grated cocoyam (Xanthosoma maffafa scot) "ekpang nkukwo", pounded yam (Discorea spp) with plain soup "afia efere", and plantain porridge (Musa paradisiaca) "iwuk ukom" meals were investigated. The three meals were fed to three different groups of albino rats of Wistar strain for a period of ...
Lin Pei-Ying - - 2007
To elucidate the effect of a typical Vietnamese diet including a high content of white rice on postprandial blood glucose levels, the present study was designed. Thirty healthy female subjects with a similar body mass index, 10 each in their twenties, forties and sixties, were recruited. Four meals with a ...
Emiola I A - - 2007
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of raw and differently processed [aqueous heating, dehulled, and dry heating (toasted)] kidney bean meals on the performance, weights, and histology of internal organs of broiler chicken. The feeding trial lasted for 56 d. Two hundred twenty-five 1-d-old broiler ...
Brand-Miller Jennie C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Ethanol's ability to inhibit gluconeogenesis might reduce postprandial glycemia in realistic meal settings. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to explore the effect of 3 types of alcoholic beverages consumed alone, with a meal, or 1 h before a meal on postprandial glycemia in healthy subjects. DESIGN: In study 1, isoenergetic ...
Varloud M - - 2007
Our knowledge of the microflora of the stomach of the horse is still limited, although some data indicate its important role in nutrition. The objective of this experiment was to investigate the microbial and biochemical profiles in the stomach of the horse and to quantify the disappearance of dietary starch. ...
Dryzga M D - - 2007
Meal prepared from Cry1F/Cry1Ac transgenic/genetically modified cottonseed (WIDESTRIKE Insect Protection, hereafter referred to as WIDESTRIKE) was compared to cottonseed meal prepared from four conventionally bred lines of cotton (three commercial non-transgenic line controls (PHY72, PHY78 and 98M-2983), and a near isoline non-transgenic control (PSC355) in a 90-day dietary study to ...
Padhi Desmond - - 2007
Cinacalcet HCl reduces iPTH, serum calcium, serum phosphorus, and the calcium-phosphorus product in patients with chronic kidney disease and secondary hyperparathyroidism who are receiving dialysis, and reduces elevated serum calcium associated with primary hyperparathyroidism and parathyroid carcinoma. Cinacalcet is administered orally, and thus concomitant administration with food may affect its ...
Bradford B J - - 2007
Propionate has been shown to depress the feed intake of ruminants, but whether the rate of propionate infusion influences this response is unknown. To test this possibility, the rate of propionate infused within meals was altered while the total amount of propionate infused was held constant. Eight multiparous Holstein cows ...
Chapman Ian I Department of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace, Adelaide, - - 2007
We previously reported that a single preprandial injection (120 microg) of pramlintide, an analog of the beta-cell hormone amylin, reduced ad libitum food intake in obese subjects. To further characterize the meal-related effects of amylin signaling in humans, we studied a lower pramlintide dose (30 microg) in normal-weight subjects. In ...
Lairon D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Postprandial lipid metabolism in humans has deserved much attention during the last two decades. Although fasting lipid and lipoprotein parameters reflect body homeostasis to some extent, the transient lipid and lipoprotein accumulation that occurs in the circulation after a fat-containing meal highlights the individual capacity to handle an acute ...
Flood Julie E JE The Pennsylvania State University, 226 Henderson Building, University Park, PA 16802, - - 2007
Consuming soup can enhance satiety and reduce energy intake. Little is known about the influence on energy intake and satiety of varying the form of soup by altering the blending of ingredients. We tested the effects on meal intake of consuming different forms of soup as a preload: broth and ...
Sostek Mark B - - 2007
To investigate the pharmacokinetics of esomeprazole before a high-fat meal vs. fasting. This open-label, randomized, crossover study consisted of two 5-day dosing periods of esomeprazole 40 mg per day. On days 1 and 5, subjects received esomeprazole 15 min before a high-fat meal (fed) or 4 h before a non-high-fat ...
Sekar Vanitha - - 2007
This open-label, randomized, crossover study investigated the bioavailability, short-term safety, and tolerability of darunavir (TMC114) coadministered with low-dose ritonavir under fasted conditions and after different meal types in HIV-negative healthy volunteers. All volunteers received ritonavir 100 mg twice daily on days 1 to 5, with a single darunavir 400-mg tablet ...
Stote Kim S - - 2007
Although consumption of 3 meals/d is the most common pattern of eating in industrialized countries, a scientific rationale for this meal frequency with respect to optimal health is lacking. A diet with less meal frequency can improve the health and extend the lifespan of laboratory animals, but its effect on ...
Schnabel Peter G - - 2007
Andriol Testocaps is a new oral formulation of testosterone undecanoate (TU) for treatment of hypogonadism. As TU is taken up by the intestinal lymphatic system, both the presence and the composition of food influence the absorption. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of food composition on ...
Jakulj Fabijana - - 2007
The consumption of high levels of saturated fat over the course of several weeks may lead to exaggerated cardiovascular reactivity. The consumption of a single high-fat meal has been associated with a transient impairment of vascular function. In a randomized, repeated measures, crossover study we tested whether the consumption of ...
Fox Mark - - 2007
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The effects of diet on gastroesophageal reflux disease are not well understood. This study assessed the effects of dietary fat and calorie density on esophageal acid exposure and reflux symptoms in patients with reflux symptoms. METHODS: Patients referred for the investigation of reflux symptoms were recruited (most ...
Ogunji Johnny O - - 2007
Influence of housefly maggot meal (magmeal) diets on the activities of catalase (CAT), glutathione S-transferase (GST) and glycogen concentration in liver of Tilapia Oreochromis niloticus fingerling was evaluated. Triplicate groups of fifteen fish (initial average weight 2.0+/-0.1 g) were fed eight weeks with seven test diets (in average 36% crude ...
Bassil Maya S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Food intake is known to be affected by macronutrient composition of the diet, and protein manipulation has been reported to alter food intake, but the effect of individual amino acids on eating behavior has not been fully studied. This study investigated the effect of diet supplementation with three individual ...
Lorenzen Janne Kunchel - - 2007
BACKGROUND: High calcium intake has been shown to increase fecal fat excretion. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine whether a high calcium intake from dairy products or from supplements affects postprandial fat metabolism and appetite through fat malabsorption. DESIGN: Four different isocaloric meals were tested in 18 subjects according to ...
Leeman M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate glycaemic and satiating properties of potato products in healthy subjects using energy-equivalent or carbohydrate-equivalent test meals, respectively. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Thirteen healthy subjects volunteered for the first study, and 14 for the second. The tests were performed at Applied Nutrition and Food Chemistry, Lund University, Sweden. EXPERIMENTAL ...
Chi Michael M - - 2007
Since mice with a deletion of the neurotrophin-4 (NT-4) gene exhibit a loss of both nodose ganglion neurons and vagal afferent terminals in the small intestines, we hypothesized that the reduced intestinal innervation of the NT-4 knockout (NT-4KO) mouse would lead to a corresponding reduction in the preabsorptive feedback from ...
Davy Brenda M - - 2007
The purpose of this investigation was to determine if energy intake compensation is more accurate in males compared to females matched for age, habitual physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and dietary cognitive restraint. Healthy, nonobese young men (n=12) and women (n=12) were provided with an ad libitum lunch meal on two ...
Park Moo In - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The effects of supplementation with different macronutrients on gastric sensory and motor functions are unclear. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the effects of 2 wk of supplementation with different classes of macronutrients on gastric function, satiation, and appetite in healthy and overweight subjects. DESIGN: In a parallel-group, double-blind study, ...
Dallongeville J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of weight loss on the plasma lipid and remnant-like lipoprotein cholesterol (RLPc) response to a high-fat or a high-carbohydrate meal in a population of obese women. DESIGN: Nutritional intervention study. SUBJECTS: Sixteen obese women (mean body mass index (BMI): 37.6+/-5 kg/m(2)). METHODS: Subjects were asked ...
Ogawa Akiko - - 2007
This study investigated the effects of a liquid meal containing medium- and long-chain triacylglycerols (MLCT) on diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) and was conducted in double-blind cross-over manner. Twenty subjects participated in this examination. The subjects consumed the liquid meal, which was made with 14 g of canola oil (LCT, long-chain triacylglycerols) ...
Simrén M - - 2007
Food-related gastrointestinal symptoms are common in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but the mechanisms behind this are unclear. Enhanced colorectal sensitivity after duodenal lipid administration in IBS patients has been demonstrated. However, the effects of a regular meal on colorectal sensitivity in these patients and the importance of the composition of ...
Riggs Amy Jo - - 2007
Metabolic rate is known to rise above basal levels after eating, especially following protein consumption. Yet, this postprandial rise in metabolism appears to vary among individuals. This study examined changes in energy expenditure in response to ingestion of a high protein, high fat (HPHF) meal versus an isocaloric high protein, ...
Lorenzo-Figueras Mireia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To measure plasma cholecystokinin (CCK) activity and the effect of a CCK-1 receptor antagonist on accommodation of the proximal portion of the stomach, and subsequent gastric emptying, in horses after ingestion of high-fat or high-carbohydrate meals. ANIMALS: 6 healthy adult horses with gastric cannulas. PROCEDURES: In the first study, ...
Cortés Berenice - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate whether the addition of walnuts or olive oil to a fatty meal have differential effects on postprandial vasoactivity, lipoproteins, markers of oxidation and endothelial activation, and plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA). BACKGROUND: Compared with a Mediterranean diet, a walnut diet has been shown to improve endothelial ...
Simmons Sandra F - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To describe nursing home (NH) staff delivery of oral liquid nutritional supplements to residents with an order to receive supplementation. DESIGN: Descriptive. SETTING: Six skilled NHs. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred thirty-two long-stay residents. MEASUREMENTS: Research staff conducted direct observations for 2 days during and between meals and documented NH staff ...
Davis Jon F - - 2006
Behavioral studies have indicated that midbrain dopamine projections arising in the ventral tegmental area and substantia nigra play a central role in integrating violations of expectancy in reward-related paradigms. The present study was designed to assess violations of dietary expectation and the role the dopamine-3 receptor plays in integrating reward-related ...
Guo Yan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential role of the endogenous peptide YY (PYY) in the long-term regulation of body weight and energy homeostasis. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Fasting and postprandial plasma PYY concentrations were measured after an overnight fast and 30 to 180 minutes after a standardized meal in 29 (21 ...
Knudsen David - - 2006
The stability of soyasaponins in fish feed formulations was investigated. The level of soyasaponin Ab, Bb, Bc, Ba-2,3-dihydro-2,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl-4H-pyran-4-one (Ba-DDMP), Bb-DDMP, and Bc-DDMP was quantified in 15 samples of defatted soybean meal, two full fat soybean meals, and two soybean protein concentrates by reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The total level ...
Taylor Kelly A - - 2006
Malnutrition and dehydration are potential consequences of dysphagia, a common swallowing disorder among elderly individuals. Providing smaller, more frequent meals has been suggested (but not demonstrated) to improve energy intake among this group. Accordingly, this study was designed to assess whether the same energy content in five vs three daily ...
Ahuja Kiran Dk - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Animal and some human studies have indicated that the consumption of chili-containing meals increases energy expenditure and fat oxidation, which may help to reduce obesity and related disorders. Because habitual diets affect the activity and responsiveness of receptors involved in regulating and transporting nutrients, the effects of regular consumption ...
Votruba Susanne B - - 2006
The mechanism(s) by which sex specific differences in regional body fat distribution develop are not known. We assessed the effects of a high-fat (HF) meal on fatty acid oxidation and uptake into regional fat depots using isotopic tracers and adipose biopsies. Thirty men (BMI 23.6 +/- 0.3 kg/m(2)) and 29 ...
Secor Stephen M - - 2006
The past decade has witnessed a dramatic increase in studies of amphibian and reptile specific dynamic action (SDA). These studies have demonstrated that SDA, the summed energy expended on meal digestion and assimilation, is affected significantly by meal size, meal type, and body size and to some extent by body ...
Yang S G - - 2006
AIM: We recently succeeded in preparing soft gelatin capsules containing a new self-nanoemulsifying formulation consisting of cyclosporin A (CsA), triacetin, polyoxyl 40 hydrogenated castor oil, polysorbate 20, medium chain triglycerides and medium chain mono- and diglycerides. The soft capsules containing the new formulation exhibited a significantly improved physical stability in ...
Tushuizen M E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A large body of evidence has accumulated indicating a relation between postprandial hyperglycemia and hypertriglyceridemia, and the risk of cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: We studied possible mechanisms underlying the postprandial proatherogenic state by exposing healthy males to two consecutive high-fat mixed meals. PATIENTS/METHODS: Seventeen healthy males [age 25.4 +/- 3 ...
Camilleri Michael M Clinical Enteric Neuroscience Translational and Epidemiological Research Group, Mayo Clinic, Charlton 8-110, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2006
Chloride channels modulate gastrointestinal neuromuscular functions in vitro. Lubiprostone, a selective type 2 chloride channel (ClC-2) activator, induces intestinal secretion and has been shown to relieve constipation in clinical trials; however, the effects of lubiprostone on gastric function and whole gut transit in humans are unclear. Our aim was to ...
Leidy H J - - 2006
Some features of the meal-related profile of ghrelin correspond to acute energy intake, suggesting a role in short-term energy homeostasis. Yet, no studies have examined this relationship across a typical day of eating when effects of time of day and or cumulative energy intake may also exist. AIM OF STUDY: ...
Oesch Sibylle - - 2006
The factors that regulate food intake and satiation are complex; it has been suggested that signals arising from the small intestine and the stomach play an important role. It is still unknown, to what extent pure mechanical distension of the gastric fundus and antrum can alter food intake. Our aim ...
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