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Dei H K - - 2008
Shea nut meal is a by-product of the shea fat industry in West Africa. The objective was to determine the effect of shea nut meal fermentation using Aspergillus niger on growth performance of broiler chickens. An expeller shea nut meal was fermented in a closed plastic container for 8 d ...
Holdich Tom - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Apricitabine is a novel deoxycytidine analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitor with clinical efficacy against both wild-type and drug-resistant HIV. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of feeding on apricitabine absorption and plasma pharmacokinetics. RESEARCH DESIGN/METHODS: Twenty healthy, male, HIV-negative volunteers were recruited for this randomised, open-label, ...
Lairon Denis - - 2008
The extent and kinetics of postprandial changes are highly variable and are modulated by numerous factors including diet, lifestyle conditions, genetic background and pathological conditions. This review focuses on dietary factors affecting postprandial chylomicron and lipoprotein metabolism in humans. The first key step in the process is fat digestion within ...
Seifdavati J - - 2008
The study was designed as a 2 x 5 factorial arrangement with main effects of feeding blood meal as a replacement of 0, 25, 50, 75 or 100% of dietary fish meal and the duration of this substitution at 1-42 or 21-42 days of age. One thousand 1 day old ...
Alegbeleye, WO; ;
A 56-day feeding trial was conducted with <i>Oreochromis niloticus</i> to evaluate the effect of toasted lima bean (<i>Phaseolus lunatus</i> L) meal as a partial replacement supplement for fullfat soybean meal. Five isonitrogenous (30% crude protein) diets were formulated in which full fat soybean was substituted at the rate of 10, ...
Gorelik Shlomit - - 2008
To determine the stomach bioreactor capability for food oxidation or antioxidation, rats were fed red turkey meat cutlets (meal A) or red turkey meat cutlets and red wine concentrate (meal B). The hydroperoxides (LOOH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels of the stomach contents were evaluated during and after digestion; the postprandial ...
Pal Sebely - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Low glycaemic index (GI) carbohydrates have been shown to have favourable effects on blood glucose, lipid profiles and satiety in individuals with chronic disease. However, modifying GI for the entire diet may be too complicated for an average individual without professional support. This study aims to investigate the health ...
Devaraj Sridevi - - 2008
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with an increased incidence of diabetes and coronary heart disease. Postprandial lipemia is a prominent feature of dyslipidemia in both type 2 diabetes mellitus and MetS and is also associated with coronary heart disease. Oxidative stress and inflammation are pivotal in all stages of ...
Ayinla, O.A.
The fish feed and nutrition in Nigeria was reviewed. Crab meal, shrimp head meal, tadpole meal, soybean meal were used for partial or total replacement of fish meal in the diets of cultivable fish species and no satisfactory result is yet obtained for 100% of replacement of fishmeal. The cost ...
Abioye, O.M.
Azolla pinnata as a possible replacement of the palm kernel cake in the diet of Oreochromis niloticus. Compounded diets from a control with palm kernel cake replaced at varying levels of 0, 20, 40, 60, 80, and 100% with the aquatic fern (oven dried Azolla pinnata) were fed to Oreochromis ...
Bett B - - 2008
In an on-farm trial conducted amongst the Maasai pastoralists in Nkuruman and Nkineji areas of Kenya between April 2004 and August 2005 designed to evaluate the effectiveness of a synthetic tsetse repellent technology, we assessed the relationship between tsetse challenge and trypanosomosis incidence in cattle. Six villages were used in ...
Maillot François - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the kinetic of plasma triacylglycerol (TAG) and gut emptying after sequential ingestion of breakfast and lunch, and the contribution of dietary fat ingested at breakfast to subsequent TAG after lunch. METHODS: Nine subjects ingested a breakfast (0730 h) and a lunch (1200 h) containing 25 ...
Nwanna, L; ;
A feeding study was conducted to assess the value of Tamarind, <i>Tamarindus indica</i> seed meal as dietary carbohydrate in the diets of Nile Tilapia, <i>Oreochromis niloticus</i>. Tamarind seeds were used to replace maize at 0, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 % substitution levels for treatments 1 to 6. Growth trial ...
Sørensen Lone B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Salatrim is modified triacylglycerol that is rich in short-chain fatty acids and stearic acid. It is used as a lower-calorie fat replacer. In addition, it has been hypothesized that salatrim's reduced absorption in the small intestine may lead to greater amounts of fat in the gastrointestinal tract, which may ...
Velasco-Reynold Carlos - - 2008
Intake of chromium was estimated using a duplicate diet sampling method of 108 meals (36 breakfasts, 36 lunches and 36 dinners) from the restaurant of the Hospital of Motril (S.E. Spain), corresponding to 36 consecutive days. Total and dialyzable Cr levels were measured by a validated electro-thermal atomic absorption spectrometry ...
Dei H K - - 2008
1. Shea nut (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertn.) meal was fermented for 8 d with either Aspergillus niger, Ceriporiopsis subvermispora or a mixture of the two organisms. The fermentation was completed using two methods, an opened container or a closed container. 2. Each of the 6 samples was dried and incorporated into ...
Lachat Carl K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nutritional profile of a lunch offered and consumed in a university canteen in Belgium. DESIGN: The qualitative and quantitative content of 4,365 meals theoretically available and 330 meals consumed was recorded during five weekdays spread over three weeks. Meal combinations were evaluated using a scoring system ...
Solomon Thomas P J - - 2008
Recent work shows that increased meal frequency reduces ghrelin responses in sheep. Human research suggests there is an interaction between insulin and ghrelin. The effect of meal frequency on this interaction is unknown. Therefore, we investigated the effect of feeding frequency on insulin and ghrelin responses in human subjects. Five ...
Knuth Nicolas D - - 2008
The lipemic response to a meal is an important independent risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of adding carbohydrate (CHO) to a fat meal on the bioavailability of ingested fat in different blood lipid fractions in men and ...
Dei H K - - 2008
Shea nut meal is obtained after fat extraction from shea nuts produced in West Africa. Two experiments compared the ME of different shea nut meal samples. The objective of the first experiment was to estimate the TME(n) of 2 expeller shea nut meal samples and a single nonindustrial shea nut ...
Sogbesan, Olukayode Amos
One thousand and one hundred (1,100) Bufo maculata   tadpoles of weight range 0.03 -0.05 g (mean = 0.04 ± 0.008 g) and length range, 1.2 -1.6 cm (mean = 1.4 ± 0.018 cm) were collected from the breeding tanks using scoop net and stocked into the outdoor concrete culture ...
Rankin J W - - 2008
AIM: Oxidative stress can initiate increased inflammation that elevates risk for cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of daily consumption of raisins on markers of oxidative stress, inflammation and endothelial activation in response to an acute high-fat meal in overweight individuals. METHODS: Seventeen overweight ...
Bach A - - 2008
Eight dual-flow continuous culture fermenters (1.03 +/- 0.05 L) were used to assess differences in microbial degradation of the soluble CP fraction of canola meal (CMSCP), soybean meal (SBMSCP), and fish meal (FMSCP) using a completely randomized design with two 9-d experimental periods and a solution of tryptone as a ...
Katcher Heather I HI The Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences, Hershey, Pennsylvania, - - 2009
To determine the effect of meal composition on postprandial T levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Randomized, crossover design. Academic research center. Fifteen women with PCOS. We evaluated changes in T, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), DHEAS, cortisol, glucose, and insulin for 6 hours after a high-fat, Western ...
Rodríguez-Rodríguez Elena - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To analyse changes in the sensation of hunger and the sensation of well-being of young overweight/obese women following two hypoenergetic diets. DESIGN, SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Fifty-seven women (BMI = 24-35 kg/m2) were randomly assigned to one of two hypoenergetic diets: diet V, in which the consumption of vegetables was ...
Buyukcapar, H M; ;
An 80-day feeding trial was conducted as two experiments to evaluate the effects of replacement of fish meal (FM) and soyabean meal (SBM) protein with hazelnut meal (HM) protein in the diets of mirror carp (<i>Cyprinus carpio</i>) fingerlings. Growth parameters and body composition were measured in fingerlings cultured under laboratory ...
Brand, T S; ;
The development of low erucic acid, low glucosinolate cultivars of canola seed has led to the availability of a feed ingredient with considerable potential to replace soyabean meal in diets for all classes of farm animals. The sinapine and glucosinolate content of various canola cultivars cultivated in two areas of ...
Tentolouris Nicholas - - 2008
Reduction in diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) may promote weight gain and maintenance. Data on differences in DIT and macronutrient oxidation between lean and obese subjects are conflicting. In this study, we sought for differences in DIT and macronutrient oxidation between lean and obese women after consumption of 2 different isocaloric meals, ...
Appenzeller Laura M - - 2008
Optimum GAT1 soybean is a genetically modified (GM) soybean containing event DP-356Ø43-5 (356043) that was produced by integration of the coding sequences of the GAT4601 and GM-HRA proteins. In planta expression of these proteins confers tolerance to glyphosate and sulfonylurea/imidazolinone herbicides, respectively. This paper reports the results from a subchronic ...
Simpson Elizabeth J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Reports of postprandial symptoms attributed to hypoglycemia by otherwise healthy individuals appear to be relatively common in UK women. Whether these symptoms are related to blood glucose is a contentious issue, which periodic ambulatory blood glucose measurement has failed to resolve. OBJECTIVE: The authors investigated, using continuous glucose monitoring ...
Kim Jung Yun - - 2008
The physiologic consequences of using white rice or mixed rice were evaluated in overweight Korean women (body mass index > or = 25 kg/m(2)) over a period of 6 weeks. Forty women between 20 and 35 years of age were randomly divided into 2 groups who consumed 1 of 2 ...
Bley T A G - - 2008
The temporal pattern of feed intake for individual ducks kept in groups was studied using a radio frequency identification system, to enable the continuous recording of feeding characteristics for a large numbers of animals over long periods. A total of 50 male ducks were used in experiment 1 and 480 ...
Hall Wendy L - - 2008
Diets rich in eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA; 20:5(n-3)] are associated with decreased arterial stiffness, but postprandial effects on vascular function are unknown. We investigated whether an EPA-enriched high-fat meal could improve postprandial vascular function. Seventeen healthy men ingested 2 test meals (51 g fat), 1 wk apart, in random order: 5 ...
Lin Li-Yun - - 2008
Nutrient levels in buckwheats that were maximized in day 8 sprouts (D8SP) included total phenolics, quercetin, and l-ascorbic acid, whereas those of oxalic, malic, tartaric, and citric acids, rutin, and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) were found to reach maximum levels on day 10. Ethanolic extract of D8SP (2.5 mg/mL) revealed potent ...
Udedible, A B; ;
The efficacy of wetting sun-dried cassava tuber meal as a method of reducing its hydrocyanide (HCN) content and improving its nutritive value for broilers was investigated. Cassava tubers were peeled, chopped into pieces, sun-dried and then milled. Part of the sun-dried cassava tuber meal was soaked in water at the ...
Knudsen David - - 2008
Saponins are naturally occurring amphiphilic molecules and have been associated with many biological activities. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether soya saponins trigger the onset of soyabean-induced enteritis in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.), and to examine if dietary soya saponins increase the epithelial permeability of ...
Rezvani M - - 2008
1. This study investigated the net disappearance of crude protein (CP) and amino acids (AA) from soybean meal and rapeseed meal in different sub-sections of the ileum of hens. A basal diet was used and in another 4 diets, maize starch contained in the basal diet was replaced with soybean ...
Lithander F E - - 2008
Phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) is a phospholipid which is biosynthesized into long chain N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) including oleoylethanolamide (OEA), a known inhibitor of food intake. The aim of this study was to investigate whether PE-containing lipids can also inhibit intake. This was a 4 treatment intervention where 18 male participants were given a ...
Noakes Manny - - 2008
Several studies have shown that high protein meals and foods are more satiating than high carbohydrate or high fat meals when assessed by subjective ratings of satiety. Few of these studies were able to control for potentially confounding variables. Test meals differ widely in physical and sensory properties so it ...
Petzke Klaus J - - 2008
Macronutrient composition of diets can influence energy balance in humans. We tested the hypothesis whether low protein content in single meals may induce lower values of energy expenditure (EE) and fat oxidation (FO) as compared to adequate protein content. Indirect calorimetry was combined with a breath test using naturally 13C-enriched ...
Helou Nancy - - 2008
AIM: This study investigated the effect of macronutrient composition of meals on postprandial peptide YY(3-36) (PYY(3-36)) response in obese hyperinsulinemic females. METHODS: Eight obese females consumed three iso-energetic meals of different macronutrient composition, high carbohydrate (HC; 60% CHO, 20% protein, 20% fat), high fat (HF; 30% CHO, 20% protein, 50% ...
KoceĊ‚ak Piotr - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We assessed the impact of a prolonged lipase inhibition upon gastric emptying (GE) and orocecal transit time (OCTT) of a 355-kcal low-fat solid meal. METHODS: In double-blind manner, 40 obese women BMI > 30 kg/m2, randomly allocated into two equal groups, took orally t.i.d. 120 mg orlistat or placebo ...
F.C. Iheukwumere
A 35-day feeding trial involving 120, 5-week old Anak broilers was carried out in a completely randomized design to evaluate the performance, nutrient utilization and organ characteristics of broilers fed cassava leaf meal at dietary levels of 0, 5, 10 and 15% respectively. Feed intake, body weight gain, feed conversion ...
F.C. Iheukwumere
Thirty-six (36) 24 weeks old rabbit bucks were randomly assigned to three treatment diets. The treatments T<sub>1</sub> T<sub>2</sub> and T<sub>3</sub> which contained T<sub>1</sub> 0% control. T<sub>2</sub> 20% raw pigeon pea seed meal and T<sub>3</sub> 20% boiled pigeon seed meal and fed to the rabbits in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). ...
G.E. Onibi
Three hundred and fifty broiler chickens (Anak, 2000) were used to study the effect of partial replacement of soya bean meal (SBM) protein with cassava and or leucaena leaf meals. Diet 1 was the control diet with soyabean meal but no leaf meal. Diets 2 and 3 had 30% and ...
B. Sundu
The effect of proportion of crumbled copra meal and enzyme inclusion on bird performance and gastro-intestinal response was studied. Three diets with two enzyme treatments were each fed to four replicates of 10 broilers from 1 to 42 days of age. The diets contained 300 g kg<SUP>-1</SUP> crumbled copra meal ...
M.A. Adewolu
An 8-week feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the potential of sweet potato (<I>Ipomoea batatas</I>) leaf meal as dietary protein source in the diet of <I>Tilapia zilli</I> fingerlings. Five isonitrogenous diets of 30% crude protein were formulated to contain 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20% sweet potato leaf meal (Diets ...
T. Mohammadabadi
The objective of this study was to determine <I>in situ</I> dry matter (DM) and crude protein (CP) degradability of sunflower meal containing 25 and 165 g fat kg<SUP>-1</SUP> DM and untreated and treated with sodium hydroxide (NaOH, 40 g kg<SUP>-1</SUP> DM) and formaldehyde ( 30 and 60 g kg<SUP>-1</SUP> DM). ...
Shahraki M - - 2007
To investigate the effects of nibbling and gorging dietary regimens on weight and lipid profiles in rat, thirty female Wistar rats, after 10 day acclimatization period, were weighed and randomly assigned into two equal groups. They were fed the same food for 60 days as eight meals at 2 h ...
de Castro John M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The relation of cigarette smoking to food and fluid intakes was studied. METHODS: Ninety-nine smoking and 551 non-smoking free-living adult humans provided a detailed record of their eating and drinking in 7-d diaries. RESULTS: Cigarette smoking was associated with significant changes in overall intakes and meal pattern. Smokers had ...
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