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Strik Caroline M - - 2010
High fat diets have long been associated with weight gain and obesity, and the weak satiety response elicited in response to dietary lipids is likely to play a role. Suppression of appetite and food intake has consistently been shown to be diminished with high fat relative to either high protein ...
Alssema Marjan - - 2010
The aim of the study was to test whether fasting or postprandial cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) concentrations are associated with postprandial changes in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) concentrations after fat-rich or carbohydrate-rich meals. Postmenopausal women (76 with normal glucose metabolism [NGM], 41 with type 2 diabetes mellitus [T2DM], and ...
O'Dwyer C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Research has suggested that meals-on-wheels recipients can be at risk for poor nutritional status. Despite this, few countries have statutory minimum requirements for the nutrient content of meals-on-wheels. This study examined both the nutritional status of a sample of Irish recipients and the nutrient content of a sample of ...
Sales James - - 2009
Meta-analysis was applied to quantify the effect of replacement of fish meal by soyabean products in diets on fish growth. Measurement of growth in different units among studies required the use of a standardised effect size (Hedges' d). From a total of ninety-nine studies concentrating on fish meal replacement by ...
Kishimoto Yoshimi - - 2010
Postprandial hyperlipidaemia has been recognised to be a risk factor for atherosclerosis development. Epidemiological and animal studies have shown that Mg intake is inversely associated with some risk factors of atherosclerosis, including lipid metabolism. The present study was performed to determine the effects of Mg supplementation on postprandial responses in ...
Ning B - - 2010
A crossover study was designed to determine whether the fat and carbohydrate contents of evening meals consumed the night preceding glycaemic index (GI) testing had an effect on the GI. Twenty participants consumed two different evening meals in which the energy contributions from fat, carbohydrate and protein were in the ...
Cheng Yu-Ching YC Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. - - 2010
Circulating levels of inflammatory markers predict the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), mediated perhaps in part by dietary fat intake, through mechanisms only partially understood. To evaluate post-fat load changes in inflammatory markers and genetic influences on these changes, we administered a standardized high-fat meal to 838 related Amish subjects ...
Bodinham Caroline L - - 2010
Resistant starch (RS), a non-viscous dietary fibre, may have postprandial effects on appetite regulation and metabolism, although the exact effects and mechanisms are unknown. An acute randomised, single-blind crossover study, aimed to determine the effects of consumption of 48 g RS on appetite compared to energy and available carbohydrate-matched placebo. ...
Sutherland Wayne H F - - 2010
Circulating numbers of endothelial microparticles (EMP) are an index of endothelial injury and dysfunction; and microparticles positive to CD31 antibody increase acutely after cooked, fatty fast-food meals that are rich in saturated fatty acids (SAFA) and lipid oxidation products. The aim of this study was to determine the acute effect ...
Lomenick Jefferson P - - 2009
Ghrelin and peptide YY (PYY) are two hormones produced by the gastrointestinal tract that have effects on appetite. However, little is known about their secretion in response to meals high in individual macronutrients in prepubertal children. We sought to understand how meals high in carbohydrate, protein, and fat affect serum ...
Perez-Martinez P - - 2011
Previous evidence suggests that dietary fat could influence the composition and size of triacylglycerols-rich lipoproteins (TRL). In a controlled intervention study on healthy subjects, we evaluated the influence of 3 dietary interventions, with different types of fat on postprandial TRL particle size and number. Volunteers followed three different diets for ...
Bhutani Surabhi - - 2009
Dietary interventions that limit saturated fat, cholesterol, and energy are generally implemented as the first line of therapy to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Another form of diet therapy that may be effective in protecting against CHD is altering meal frequency without limiting energy. Meal-frequency regimens are ...
Griffioen-Roose Sanne - - 2009
Sensory properties are greatly involved in the process of satiation. Regarding the nature of sensory signals, an important distinction can be made between sweet and savory taste. It is unclear, however, whether sweet and savory differ in their influence on satiation. Our objective was to investigate the difference between a ...
Ghanim Husam - - 2009
To compare the effect of a high-fat, high-carbohydrate meal (HFHC) with that of a high-fiber and fruit meal on the concentrations of endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]), LPS-binding protein (LBP), the expression of toll-like receptors (TLRs), and the suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS-3) in mononuclear cells. Healthy lean subjects were given 910 ...
Mariano Ana C - - 2009
The vector of Chagas' disease, Rhodnius prolixus, feeds exclusively on blood. The blood meals are slowly digested, and these insects wait some weeks before the next meal. During the life of an insect, energy-requiring processes such as moulting, adult gonadal and reproductive growth, vitellogenesis, muscular activity, and fasting, lead to ...
Okada Yumika - - 2009
Astaxanthin is a caroteonid that possesses strong antioxidant activity. Recently, many studies on biological activity have been reported. In general, the absorption of carotenoids is affected greatly by diet and by smoking. In this report, we investigated astaxanthin pharmacokinetics after administration of Haematococcus algal extract, a source of astaxanthin, to ...
Maffeis Claudio - - 2010
Meal composition is a contributing factor to fat gain. In this study, we investigated the relationship between postprandial nutrient balance, satiety, and hormone changes induced by a high-fat meal vs. a moderate-fat meal. Ten prepubertal obese boys (BMI z-score range: 1.3-3.0) were recruited. Two meals (energy: 590 kcal) were compared: ...
Carvalho A F U - - 2009
This work aims to assess the potential of the green seaweed Ulva fasciata Delile as an alternative source of dietary fibre (DF). Total DF content was determined, some of its physico-chemical properties described and the physiological effects of U. fasciata meal on rats fed a hypercholesterolemic diet were investigated. U. ...
Zinn K E - - 2009
An experiment was conducted to analytically define several novel fish substrates and determine the effects of feeding diets containing these substrates on total tract nutrient digestibilities and on immune status of senior dogs. The control diet contained poultry by-product meal while test diets contained 20% milt meal (MM), pink salmon ...
Kondamudi Narasimharao - - 2009
This paper describes a new and environmentally friendly process for developing biodiesel from commercial feather meal, a waste product of the poultry industry. Currently, feather meal is used as an animal feed, given its high protein content, and also as a fertilizer because of its high nitrogen content. In this ...
Kim Tae-Eun - - 2009
Udenafil is a cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate-specific phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor developed for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. The aim was to evaluate the effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of udenafil. An open, randomized, three-way crossover study was conducted. Fifteen healthy male volunteers received a single 200-mg oral dose ...
Jones Kerry S KS MRC Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Fulbourn Road, Cambridge CB1 9NL, UK. - - 2009
Few studies have investigated the absorption of phylloquinone (vitamin K1). We recruited twelve healthy, non-obese adults. On each study day, fasted subjects took a capsule containing 20 microg of 13C-labelled phylloquinone with one of three meals, defined as convenience, cosmopolitan and animal-oriented, in a three-way crossover design. The meals were ...
Hettiaratchi U P K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) has rapidly increased in Asian countries including Sri Lanka during the past decade. Scientific data on postprandial glycaemic influence of common meals is essential when formulating diets. Objectives of this study were to analyse glycaemic indices (GI) of five common meals and effects ...
Jaime Ceballos, B. J.
This study determined the effect of different shrimp head meal (SHM) levels (0, 5, 15, 25 and 30%) in practical diets for Caribbean white shrimp juveniles Litopenaeus schmitti (0.29 ± 0.0025 g). A totally randomized experimental design was carried out under laboratory conditions during 54 days. There were no significant ...
Blom Wendy A M WA TNO Quality of Life, Zeist 3700 AJ, The - - 2009
To investigate the relation between ghrelin responses and meal initiation and the effects of BMI and energy status on this. The experiment had a randomised, cross-over design. Nine normal-weight (age: 33.2+/-4.8 y, BMI: 23.2+/-0.5 kg/m2) and eleven obese (age: 40.8+/- 4.7 y, BMI: 33.2+/-0.8 kg/m2) healthy men were recruited from ...
Agbo, Nelson W.
Abstract One of the major problems facing aquaculture in Ghana is the non-availability of quality and affordable fish feeds. The present study investigated the nutritional suitability and cost-effectiveness of some Ghanaian oilseed by-products, soybean meal (Glycine spp), cottonseed meal (Gossypium spp), groundnut cake (Arachis hypogaea L.) and groundnut husk, as ...
Cardona Fernando - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Apolipoprotein A5 is a key gene controlling VLDL synthesis and hydrolysis and is the target of the main pharmacological agent to lower triglycerides (fibrates). We hypothesised that variability in the promoter of the APOA5 gene may affect the individual response to fibrate therapy, in both the fasting and postprandial ...
Daprà F - - 2009
Field and laboratory studies were conducted to evaluate the intestinal responses to partial replacement of fish meal with rice protein concentrate (RPC) in practical diets for blackspot seabream Pagellus bogaraveo. Two experimental diets were formulated to be isoproteic and isoenergetic with an increasing level of RPC (20 and 35%, respectively) ...
Yucel Tayfun - - 2009
PURPOSE: The effects on gastric emptying of feeding with a normal diet (ND), an early high-calorie and hyperosmolar diet (HCHOD) or normal diet plus intraperitoneal loxiglumide (LOX) were investigated in rats with antecolic (ACGJ) or retrocolic (RCGJ) gastrojejunostomy. METHODS: Sixty rats were separated into six groups of ten animals each ...
Madalla, Nazael
Lack of affordable feeds is one of the major constraints facing small-scale fish farmers in Tanzania. This study evaluated the suitability of moringa leaf meal (MLM), cassava leaf meal (CLM) and cassava root meal (CRM) as novel ingredients in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus diets. Each of the ingredients was processed ...
Rovner Alisha J - - 2009
A low-glycemic index (GI) diet may lower postprandial hyperglycemia and decrease the risk for postabsorptive hypoglycemia in people with type 1 diabetes. However, insufficient evidence exists on the efficacy of a low-GI diet to support practice recommendations. The goal of this study was to examine the blood glucose response to ...
Blom Wendy A M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between ghrelin responses and meal initiation and the effects of BMI and energy status on this. DESIGN: The experiment had a randomised, cross-over design. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Nine normal-weight (age: 33.2+/-4.8 y, BMI: 23.2+/-0.5 kg/m(2)) and eleven obese (age: 40.8+/-4.7 y, BMI: 33.2+/-0.8 kg/m(2)) healthy ...
Burdge Graham C - - 2009
Dietary supplementation with fish oil induces beneficial changes in the size and concentration of plasma lipoproteins, although the underlying mechanism is unclear. We have investigated the effect of increasing the amount of fish oil in a single meal on the size and concentration of VLDL, LDL and HDL particles during ...
Woodruff Sarah J - - 2009
PURPOSE: Family meals have been associated with improved dietary quality in children and adolescents, and yet very little is known about family meals beyond their frequency. Specific aspects of the breakfast, lunch, and dinner meal environments were described and compared, and the associations with overall diet quality were investigated. METHODS: ...
Holmbäck Isabel - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Examine how meal patterns are associated with nutrient intakes, lifestyle and socioeconomic factors, and energy misreporting. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study within the Malmö Diet and Cancer (MDC) cohort. Participants reported on the overall types and frequency of meals consumed, and completed a modified dietary history, a lifestyle and socioeconomic ...
Shin Yoomi - - 2009
Few studies have examined short term responses to the different contents of carbohydrate or fat in the meal, although long term effects of the high fat meal have been considered as compound risk factor for metabolic disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the postprandial changes of plasma ...
Larson Nicole I - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have found that family meals and other aspects of meal structure are associated with dietary intake during adolescence, but little research has characterized meals in young adulthood. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to describe attitudes regarding the social nature of meals, time constraints on meals, and meal ...
Deschamps Benoit - - 2009
Megestrol acetate oral suspension (MAOS) is an appetite stimulant indicated for cachexia in patients with AIDS. It is available in its original formulation, Megace (MAOS), and as a nanocrystal dispersion, Megace ES (MA-ES). Three studies were conducted to evaluate the pharmacokinetic properties of these formulations under fed and fasting conditions. ...
Sajad Hassan
This study was designed to determine the influence of cell bound phytase supplemented in soybean meal on growth and survival of juvenile milkfish <I>Chanos chanos</I>. Four diets were formulated with different levels of fish meal, soybean meal and phytase. The first diet (control) (F) contains 61.35% of fish meal. The ...
Toy, Brian
Present demands for fish meal by the aquaculture industry in British Columbia exceed domestic supplies. The development of fisheries and onshore processing for domestically underutilized fish species have been identified as means of increasing the supply of fish waste for reduction into fish meal (DPA Group, 1988; Silver and Macleod, ...
Wang Jin-Yong - - 2009
The effect of high intake of Mg on urolithiasis was compared with high intake of P and K in goats being fed with a cottonseed meal and rice straw diet. Eighteen wether goats were randomly allocated into group A, B and C evenly and fed with cottonseed meal and rice ...
Moreno-Rojas J M - - 2008
The use of stable isotope ratio analysis (SIRA) as a rapid analytical tool to characterize and discriminate farmed fish on the basis of the feedstuffs included in the diet formulation is discussed. Two isoproteic (44.8%) and isolipidic (19.6%) extruded diets were formulated: a fish-meal-based diet (FM diet), containing fish meal ...
Brøkner C - - 2008
The ingestive and post-digestion effect of a blend of special essential oil compounds (EO) on eating, chewing and faecal parameters were measured in horses. Ingestive effects appear after no adaptation. Post-digestion effects appear after adaptation. Six Icelandic horses were assigned to two groups in a Latin Square subplot design with ...
Ely, Matthew R.
To determine if the First Strike Ration (FSR) sustains nutritional and metabolic status as effectively as the Meals, Ready to Eat (MRE), blood chemistries were compared between Soldiers who consumed 1 FSR (2864 Kcal, 377 g CHO, 91 g PRO, 109 g Fat) per day or 2 MRE (2620 Kcal, ...
Bennett, Danielle
This study compares the effects of bison vs. beef consumption on serum lipid concentrations and inflammatory biomarkers related to endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular risk. Nine healthy adult males participated in a double-blind crossover study in which half consumed dietary treatments of bison for 7 weeks and half consumed beef. Following ...
Knuth Nicolas D ND Division of Kinesiology, The Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2214, - - 2009
The primary goal of this study was to determine the acute glycemic and endocrine responses to the reduction of fat content from a meal. On three separate occasions, nine overweight subjects (body mass index = 30 +/- 1 kg/m(2); 5 men, 4 women) consumed 1) a control meal ( approximately ...
Sugino Tomohiro - - 2008
We examined the effects of L-ornithine administration on physical fatigue. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled, 2-way crossover study, 17 healthy volunteers were randomized to L-ornithine (2000 mg/d for 7 days and 6000 mg/d for 1 day as L-ornithine hydrochloride) or placebo for 8 days. The fatigue-inducing physical task consisted of workload ...
Zupec-Kania Beth - - 2008
The classic ketogenic diet (KD) is a mathematically calculated diet with specific daily goals of fat, protein, and carbohydrate. Precise quantities of foods are then derived from these values which result in meal plans for the individual patient. The algebraic algorithm to determine a single meal requires approximately 35 calculations. ...
Santosa Sylvia S Endocrine Research Unit, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2008
Regional differences in meal fat storage may explain the preservation of fat accumulation in obese persons. The objective was to determine whether meal fatty acid (FA) metabolism differs by sex and obesity phenotypes before and after weight loss. A [(3)H]triolein-containing meal was given to trace meal FA oxidation ((3)H(2)O generation) ...
Pilichiewicz Amelia N - - 2008
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In patients with functional dyspepsia (FD), symptoms are frequently triggered, or exacerbated, by fatty foods. We hypothesized that in FD patients, a high-fat (high-FAT) meal would induce more symptoms than a high-carbohydrate (high-CHO) meal, associated with an altered secretion of cholecystokinin (CCK), peptide-YY (PYY), and ghrelin and an increased ...
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