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Vázquez-Armijo José Fernando - - 2011
An in vitro gas production technique was used to evaluate the effects of copper and zinc supplementation on the amount and rate of gas production, dry matter degradability (IVDMD), utilization of metabolizable energy (ME), and ruminal fermentation patterns using rumen fluid from four Boer male goats as inoculum. The goats ...
Bastida Garcia Jorge L - - 2011
The objective of this study was the characterization of the nutritive value, ruminal fermentation and nutrient digestibility of field pea (Pisum sativum L.) hay (FPH) by-product through in situ, in vitro and in vivo tests. A FPH diet was administered ad libitum to four sheep (live weight (LW) 38.0 ± 2.0 kg) at ...
Vezeridis Alexander M AM Molecular Genetics, Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, - - 2011
INTRODUCTION. We have studied the functions of truncated apoE4 forms in vitro and in vivo in order to identify the domains of apoE4 required for the biogenesis of apoE-containing high-density lipoprotein (HDL). RESULTS. We have found that apoE4-185, -202, -229, or -259 could promote ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1)-dependent cholesterol ...
Thondre Pariyarath Sangeetha - - 2011
β-Glucans are believed to lower postprandial glycemia due to their ability to increase viscosity and slow down gastric emptying. The effect of high-purity barley β-glucan (Glucagel™) was tested on in vitro starch digestibility and glycemic response of chapattis. In a randomized controlled crossover trial, 10 healthy human subjects consumed chapattis ...
Oh Ki-Sook - - 2011
Dietary K(+) intake may increase renal K(+) excretion via increasing plasma [K(+)] and/or activating a mechanism independent of plasma [K(+)]. We evaluated these mechanisms during normal dietary K(+) intake. After an overnight fast, [K(+)] and renal K(+) excretion were measured in rats fed either 0% K(+) or the normal 1% ...
Cross Amanda J - - 2011
Meat intake has been positively associated with incidence and mortality of chronic diseases, including diabetes, heart disease, and several different cancers, in observational studies by using self-report methods of dietary assessment; however, these dietary assessment methods are subject to measurement error. One method to circumvent such errors is the use ...
Söderholm Päivi P - - 2011
Wholegrain cereals are reported to promote beneficial health effects. Wholegrain wheat and rye are almost exclusive sources of alkylresorcinols, and intact alkylresorcinols together with their plasma and urinary metabolites, 3-(3,5-dihydroxyphenyl)-1-propanoic acid (DHPPA) and 3,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHBA), have been proposed as biomarkers of the intake of these foods in humans. The ...
Jacobs B M - - 2011
Accurate estimations of nutrient digestion and retention are critical in nutrient balance and feed evaluation studies, because errors that occur are often additive. However, there is no standard universal method for drying feces, urine, or excreta prior to laboratory analysis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact ...
Gooneratne S R - - 2011
This study determined the effects of dietary copper (Cu), molybdenum (Mo) and sulphur (S) on urinary Cu and zinc (Zn) excretion in cattle. Four Simmental and four Angus heifers were fed low (L) or high (H) levels (mg/kg DM) of Cu (5,40), Mo (1,10) and S (0.2,0.5%). Initially two of ...
Stein H H - - 2011
A regional experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that the concentration of dietary Ca does not affect the digestibility of Ca or P in diets fed to growing pigs. Six diets based on corn, potato protein isolate, cornstarch, and soybean oil were formulated. All diets also contained monosodium phosphate, ...
Weinman Edward J - - 2011
The current experiments explore the role of dopamine in facilitating the acute increase in renal phosphate excretion in response to a high-phosphate diet. Compared with a low-phosphate (0.1%) diet for 24 h, mice fed a high-phosphate (1.2%) diet had significantly higher rates of phosphate excretion in the urine associated with ...
Todd S E - - 2011
The response of cats to dietary sodium selenite (Na(2) SeO(3) ) and organically bound selenium was studied in two separate studies with four cats per treatment and three levels of selenium supplementation (targets 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 μg/g DM) for each Se source. Whole blood and plasma selenium concentrations and glutathione ...
Luebbe M K - - 2011
Six experiments were conducted to evaluate dietary cation-anion difference (DCAD) in concentrate diets on urinary pH, feedlot performance, and N mass balance. In Exp. 1, 15 wether lambs (33.5 ± 3.0 kg) in five 3 × 3 Latin squares were fed a basal diet of 82.5% dry-rolled corn (DRC), 7.5% ...
Skillman Joanna M - - 2011
Abstract Objective: Does sodium supplementation increase weight gain in babies with Grade 3 Pierre Robin Sequence if their urinary sodium is low? Design: Retrospective review of all medical, dietician and nursing notes of babies admitted between 2000-2007 inclusive. Setting: Tertiary center for cleft care Patients: 33 babies requiring nasogastric(ng) and ...
Pirgozliev V - - 2011
Thirty-two Ross 308 male broiler chickens were used in a precision feeding assay to investigate the effect of exogenous phytase (EC 3.1.3.26) on dietary apparent metabolisable energy (AME), dry matter digestibility (DMD) coefficient, nitrogen (NR), amino acid and mineral retentions. The excretion of endogenous losses measured as sialic acid (SA) ...
Sato Keiichiro - - 2011
Pioglitazone hydrochloride (PIO), a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) agonist, was administered orally for 85weeks at 16mg/kg/day to male rats fed either a diet containing 1.5% ammonium chloride (acid-forming diet) or a control diet to investigate the effects of urinary acidification induced by the acid-forming diet on the tumorigenic potential ...
Terao Yoshio Y Division of Anti-aging, Department of Internal Medicine, National Defense Medical College, Saitama, - - 2011
Reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) is a critical mechanism for the anti-atherogenic property of HDL. The inhibitory effect of the sulfonylurea agent (SUA) glibenclamide on ATP binding-cassette transporter (ABC) A1 may decrease HDL function but it remains unclear whether it attenuates RCT in vivo. We therefore investigated how the SUAs glibenclamide ...
Moe Sharon M - - 2011
Patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) are in positive phosphorus balance, but phosphorus levels are maintained in the normal range through phosphaturia induced by increases in fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) and parathyroid hormone (PTH). This provides the rationale for recommendations to restrict dietary phosphate intake to 800 mg/d. However, ...
Cascio Claudia - - 2010
Rice is elevated in arsenic (As) compared to other staple grains. The Bangladeshi community living in the United Kingdom (UK) has a ca. 30-fold higher consumption of rice than white Caucasians. In order to assess the impact of this difference in rice consumption, urinary arsenicals of 49 volunteers in the ...
Greenquist M A - - 2010
In a 3-yr study, 135 crossbred steers (330 ± 10 kg) were used in a randomized complete block design to evaluate corn dried distillers grains plus solubles (DDGS) fed to yearling steers as a substitute for forage and N fertilizer and its effect on N use efficiency in yearling steers ...
Lozano A - - 2012
Postprandial lipemia predicts the evolution of cardiovascular disease. Obesity is associated with an increase in the magnitude of postprandial lipemia. Our objective was to evaluate the influence of body mass index (BMI) on the effects of acute ingestion of different types of fat on the postprandial lipemic response. Twenty-one healthy ...
Vik Frøydis N - - 2010
To assess the relationship between number of meals eaten and weight status, and to assess potential confounders of this relationship. A total of 2870 (participation rate: 85%) 9th and 10th graders (mean age: 15.5 years) at 33 schools completed questionnaires in May 2005. Number of meals was measured with questions ...
Gunness Purnima - - 2010
A number of studies have shown a positive relationship between diets rich in soluble dietary fibres (SDF) such as β-glucan, pectin, guar gum and psyllium, and reduced serum cholesterol and thus a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Three major biological mechanisms have been proposed to explain the cholesterol-reducing effects ...
Covasa Mihai - - 2010
The gastrointestinal tract serves as a portal sensing incoming nutrients and relays mechanical and chemosensory signals of a meal to higher brain centers. Prolonged consumption of dietary fat causes adaptive changes within the alimentary, metabolic, and humoral systems that promote a more efficient process for energy metabolism from this rich ...
Li Xilong - - 2011
Dietary amino acids (AA) are crucial for animal growth, development, reproduction, lactation, and health. However, there is a scarcity of information regarding complete composition of "nutritionally nonessential AA" (NEAA; those AA which can be synthesized by animals) in diets. To provide a much-needed database, we quantified NEAA (including glutamate, glutamine, ...
Smith Kylie J - - 2010
Involvement in meal preparation has the potential to affect diet quality, but has not been thoroughly investigated. The study aims were to describe the involvement of young adult men and women in meal preparation and to investigate whether extent of involvement was associated with diet quality. During 2004 to 2006, ...
Lubbs D C - - 2010
Identifying dietary effects on appetite-regulating hormones will enhance our understanding of appetite control. Before complex diets are tested, effects of specific macronutrients or feeding frequency should be identified. The objectives of this nutrition study were to identify differences in endocrine response with feeding frequency (Exp. 1) and after a single ...
Torrecilla Esther - - 2010
The objective of the present study was to compare the acute effect of meals of different composition on the expression of adhesion molecules that play a key role in leucocyte trafficking. A total of twenty apparently healthy subjects randomly consumed three isoenergetic meals 1 week apart: enriched in carbohydrates (CHO), ...
De Silva Arjuna P - - 2010
Rice is the staple diet in many Asian countries. Current endoscopic guidelines advice a 6 h fast for solids and a 4 h fast for liquids before the procedure. However, these guidelines focus on a Western type diet. The aim of the study was to determine if a 6 h ...
Thomas Lionel L - - 2010
Congregate meal sites were funded to assist socioeconomically disadvantaged, rural older individuals in improving their health-related practices. Although the participants in the program are largely female, the meals are designed to meet one third of the daily caloric intake of a 70-year-old male, and to satisfy his recommended dietary allowances ...
Tentolouris Nicholas - - 2011
To examine differences in meal-induced thermogenesis and macronutrient oxidation between lean and obese women after consumption of two different isocaloric meals, one rich in carbohydrate (CHO) and one rich in fat. A total of 19 lean and 22 obese women were studied on two occasions, 1 wk apart. In one ...
Chavez-Jauregui Rosa N RN Center for Human Nutrition, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390-9052, - - 2010
Given the importance of postprandial hyperlipidemia to increase risk for atherosclerosis, in the present study, stable isotope-labeled meals were fed to healthy subjects (7 males and 3 females) to investigate the kinetics chylomicron synthesis and the effect of sensory exposure to lipid on metabolism. Subjects performed two, 24-hour inpatient studies ...
Kumar Vikas - - 2010
Protein rich Jatropha curcas kernel meal is toxic. It was detoxified using heat treatment and solvent extraction. Two duration of detoxification process were investigated: shorter (30 min) and longer (60 min) and the detoxified meals so obtained were designated as J(a) and J(b) respectively. Common carp fingerlings (252 fish; 3.2+/-0.07 ...
Poppitt S D - - 2010
High-fat diets are associated with obesity, and the weak satiety response elicited in response to dietary lipids is likely to play a role. Preliminary evidence from studies of medium (MCT) and long chain triglycerides (LCT) supports greater appetite suppression on high-MCT diets, possibly a consequence of direct portal access, more ...
Li Zheng - - 2010
Non-occupational inhalation and ingestion exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) has been studied in 8 non-smoking volunteers through personal air sampling and urinary biomonitoring. The study period was divided into 4 segments (2 days/segment), including weekdays with regular commute and weekends with limited traffic related exposures; each segment had a ...
Nonwachai Thasanee - - 2010
A 70-day growth trial was conducted with postlarvae 12 (PL12) Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) to study the suitability of soybean meal and oil originating from a single-celled microorganism (thraustochytrid) as fishmeal and fish oil substitutes in practical diets for L. vannamei. The growth, survival rate and immune characteristics were ...
El Khoury Dalia - - 2010
This study was conducted to investigate whether a higher proportion of protein or fat is more favorable for optimal ghrelin and peptide YY (PYY) release in subjects consuming low carbohydrate meals. Eight normal weight men received, on three separate occasions, high protein low fat (HPLF) (40% protein, 25% fat), low ...
Ahn Hee-Jung - - 2010
The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys reported 65% of daily energy intake (EI) as carbohydrate (CHO) in the Korean population and main source of CHO was cooked rice. We used a standardized-small sized rice bowl for diet education and investigated its effectiveness on body weight, glucose and lipid, ...
Laugerette Fabienne - - 2011
Low-grade inflammation is a risk factor for the onset of atherosclerosis. Little is known about the involvement of endotoxin absorption from the gut during the digestion of lipids. In the present study, we first investigated in humans the impact of a mixed meal containing dispersed lipids on postprandial endotoxemia and ...
Troyer Jennifer L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Many older adults with hyperlipidemia or hypertension participate in the Older Americans Act Nutrition Program, which serves meals in community settings and delivers meals to homes. However, there is little information regarding whether therapeutic meals designed around Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) principles have a beneficial effect on ...
Muhammad N O - - 2010
Effects of Aspergillus niger-fermented Terminalia catappa seed meal-based diet on the activities of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and gamma-glutamate transferase (gamma-GT) in the crop, small intestine, gizzard, heart, liver and serum of broiler chicks were investigated. Milled T. catappa seed was inoculated with spores of ...
Seneviratne R W - - 2010
Expeller-pressed (EP) canola meal contains more residual oil than solvent-extracted canola meal and might be an attractive feedstuff for swine, but it has been poorly characterized. In Exp. 1, six ileal-cannulated barrows (36 kg of BW) were fed at 3x maintenance either a 44% EP canola meal diet or a ...
Tushuizen Maarten E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Liver fat is associated with dyslipidemia following a fat load. Previous studies demonstrated that alimentary fat is temporarily retained within enterocytes and mobilized by subsequently ingested nutrients. As this potentially contributes to cumulative postprandial hyperlipidemia, we assessed postprandial lipoprotein changes and their association with liver fat following 3 consecutive ...
Lal R - - 2010
Gabapentin enacarbil, an actively transported prodrug of gabapentin, provides sustained and dose-proportional exposure to gabapentin. To evaluate the effect of food of varying fat content on the pharmacokinetics and tolerability of gabapentin enacarbil. METHODS, MATERIALS AND SUBJECTS: A randomized, open-label, crossover study of 1,200 mg gabapentin enacarbil was conducted in ...
Smith Tracey J - - 2010
Excess weight is associated with negative health outcomes. Meal replacements are effective in promoting favorable body composition changes in civilian populations; however, their efficacy with military service members who have unique lifestyles is unknown. The objective of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the efficacy of the Army's education-based ...
Di Francesco Vincenzo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In healthy elderly people, reduced appetite and the consequent decrease in food intake has been defined as the "anorexia of aging"; this condition may lead to malnutrition. The aim of this study was to investigate how different compositions of macronutrients affect satiety and hunger signals as well as subjective ...
Butera Peter C - - 2010
Apart from the well known inhibitory effects of estradiol on food intake, meal size, and body weight in female rats that have been documented over the past thirty years, a more recent report presents the opposite finding; that a large dose of estradiol can increase food intake and weight gain ...
Melhorn Susan J SJ Department of Psychiatry, Program in Neuroscience, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45237, USA. - - 2010
Weight gain and adiposity are often attributed to the overconsumption of unbalanced, high-fat diets however, the pattern of consumption can also contribute to associated body weight and compositional changes. The present study explored the rapid alterations in meal patterns of normal-weight rats given continuous access to high-fat diet and examined ...
Bloomer Richard J - - 2010
We have recently noted that ingestion of dietary lipid (in the form of heavy whipping cream) leads to greater oxidative stress than dietary carbohydrate (in the form of dextrose), when consumed in isocaloric amounts. In the present investigation we attempted to replicate our work and also to determine the oxidative ...
Kusano Motoyasu - - 2010
Functional dyspepsia is a clinical syndrome that features abdominal symptoms centered in the upper abdomen without an organic basis. Three possible mechanisms of gastric dysfunction could be related to functional dyspepsia: 1) delayed gastric emptying, 2) impaired gastric accommodation to food intake, and 3) hypersensitivity to gastric distention. Delayed gastric ...
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