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Results 701 - 750 of 1021
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Calsamiglia S - - 1992
Forty-eight multiparous cows were blocked by calving date and milk production and assigned randomly to a TMR formulated to contain 68 or 55% of dietary CP as ruminally degradable CP. Diets contained corn silage, alfalfa haylage, and ground corn. Supplemental CP was soybean meal for the control diet or a ...
Pescatori M - - 1992
Anal sphincter function after restorative proctocolectomy has mainly been investigated by anal manometry. A significant decrease of basal pressure up to 45%, has been recorded postoperatively, possibly due to sphincter stretch during endoanal mucosectomy. Both abdominal mucosectomy and anastomosis at the level of the anorectal ring have been reported to ...
Smith T K - - 1992
Experiments were conducted to determine the effects of feeding canola meal (Brassica campestris and Brassica napus) on the rat hepatic glutathione detoxification system and whether dietary cysteine supplements might modify such effects. Rats were fed test diets for 14 d. Body weight change, feed consumption, hepatic glutathione concentration, and hepatic ...
Beglinger C - - 1992
To explore the role of cholecystokinin (CCK) in regulating gastrin secretion in humans, the effect of a CCK antagonist (loxiglumide) on meal-stimulated hormone responses was investigated. Subjects received 500 mL of a liquid test meal in the presence and absence of loxiglumide (22 mumol.kg-1.h-1). In the control experiments, both plasma ...
Soffer E E - - 1992
The disruptive effect of meals of different fat content and caloric value and of sham feeding on the interdigestive migrating motor complex (IDMMC) was studied in eight healthy subjects using an ambulatory recording system that allowed continuous monitoring of small bowel motility for three consecutive days. The durations of fed ...
Sahle M - - 1992
1. The apparent and true metabolisable energy values of carob pods meal for geese were measured to be 6.1 MJ/kg and 6.6 MJ/kg respectively. 2. Performance from 5 to 12 weeks was examined in geese fed on four diets containing 0, 100, 200 and 300 g/kg of carob pods meal. ...
Drewe J - - 1992
Cholecystokinin (CCK) has been proposed to serve as a satiety signal in animals and humans. To further explore the role of CCK in humans, the effect on satiety and eating behavior of a specific CCK-receptor antagonist, loxiglumide, that preferentially inhibits peripheral (CCK-A) receptors was investigated. In a randomized, blind, four-period ...
McDanell R E - - 1992
Ten healthy volunteers were used in two studies investigating the effect of short-term Brassica consumption on caffeine metabolism. In the first study volunteers were given three Brassica-containing meals, the last one 3 h prior to caffeine administration. In the second study volunteers were given two Brassica-containing meals and then fasted ...
Castiglione F - - 1992
To assess the effect of a late-evening, high-fat meal on nocturnal supine gastro-oesophageal reflux, eight healthy volunteers (aged 20 to 38 years) underwent two ambulatory oesophageal pH-metry recordings, the first after a standardized light meal at 1930 h and the second after a high-fat meal including peppermint and chocolate, at ...
Sahlu T - - 1992
Twenty-eight Angora goat doelings (average BW 22.1 kg) were used in a 150-d study to examine the effects of dietary CP level and degradability on mohair fiber production. A 2 x 2 factorial arrangement was instituted using conventional, solvent-extracted soybean meal (high degradability) or expelled, heat-treated soybean meal (low degradability) ...
Angel C R - - 1992
Experiments were done to determine the effect of feeding diets of different ingredient composition to poults experimentally infected with stunting syndrome (SS) at 1 day of age. In Experiment 1, feeding a complex diet (CPX) containing fish meal and sunflower meal as the main protein sources eliminated the adverse effects ...
Edelstein S L - - 1992
The hypothesis that meal frequency is associated with plasma cholesterol was tested in a population-based sample of 2034 white men and women aged 50-89 y. Total, low-density-lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density-lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and triglycerides were measured after a 12-h fast in a Lipid Research Clinic laboratory and meal frequency was ...
Owen O E - - 1992
Oxidative and nonoxidative macronutrient disposal rates were measured in lean and obese males randomly fed mixed meals containing 0, 33, 67, 100, and 134 kJ/kg fat-free mass (0, 8, 16, 24, and 32 kcal/kg). Body composition, preprandial and postprandial energy expenditure, and macronutrient concentrations in the extracellular space were measured. ...
Piers L S - - 1992
Five apparently healthy, chronically undernourished (UN) male volunteers aged between 18 and 30 years were studied before and after 12 weeks of dietary supplementation. The thermic effect of a meal (TEM) was measured over a period of 6 h using a ventilated-hood system. Results indicated a significant increase in body-weight ...
Atwal A S - - 1992
Holstein cows in early lactation, producing about 30 kg/d of milk, were fed high energy diets containing 5% Megalac. Three protein treatments, soybean meal diet (16% CP), fish meal diet (16% CP), and soybean meal-fish meal diet (20% CP) were compared in a change-over design. Digestibilities of DM, gross energy, ...
Jenkins D J - - 1992
The acute effect of increasing meal frequency as a model of slow absorption was studied for 1 d in 11 patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes. On 1 d they took 13 snacks (the nibbling diet) and on another day the same diet was taken as three meals and one snack (the ...
Katch V L - - 1992
Post-meal energy expenditure (TEM) was compared for 14 healthy obese (body fat = 45.3%, body mass index, BMI = 35.9 kg m-2) and 9 healthy nonobese (body fat = 20.7%, BMI = 17.8 kg m-2) adolescent girls. The test meal for both groups was a standard 3348.8-kJ, 0.473-1 chocolate milkshake ...
Radke T R - - 1992
The bioavailability of threonine in soybean meal and the effects of the excess amino acids in soybean meal on the estimate were measured using rats and chicks in slope-ratio assays. In Exp. 1, a corn-based diet containing .23% threonine was supplemented with 0 to 45% L-threonine in .05% increments. The ...
Lee H - - 1991
Three turkey growth experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of overcooked soybean meal (SBM) on BW gain and gain:feed ratio (FE). On two occasions soybean meals were custom prepared by changing the temperature and the retention time (RT) of the desolventizer-toaster unit at a commercial soybean processing plant. Three ...
Moraes-Santos T - - 1991
A semi-solid corn-meal diet sterilized in glass flasks in a hospital-type autoclave is described. The values of weight gain, feed efficiency, apparent digestibility, and cecal diameters were the same for germ-free mice fed either on this diet or on a soybean meal and alfalfa diet (L-485), widely used in germ-free ...
Canova A - - 1991
The satiating effect of intraperitoneal injections of synthetic cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) was tested in non-deprived and 17 h-deprived male and female Sprague-Dawley rats that were maintained on pelleted diet and offered evaporated milk test meals. At the midpoint of the 12-h diurnal period, 40-160 ng/kg CCK-8 elicited a dose-related decrease ...
Tai M M - - 1991
The effects of meal size and frequency on thermic effect of food (TEF) were examined in seven healthy normal-weight young women. Each volunteer consumed in random order one of two identical meals [3138 kJ (750 kcal), 54.5% carbohydrate, 14.0% protein, 31.5% fat]. One meal was taken over 10 min [large ...
Windschitl P M - - 1991
Thirty Holstein cows were used in a 12-wk trial to study the effects of salmon meal and urea on lactational performance. Two experimental diets, one containing 5.6% salmon meal and the other 5.2% salmon meal plus .42% urea, were compared with a soybean meal control diet. Salmon meal and urea ...
Han Y M - - 1991
Experiments were conducted to determine the His and Trp requirement of broiler chicks during the period 8 to 22 days posthatching. A His- or Trp-deficient diet (.32% total His; .18% total Trp; 25% CP; 3,200 kcal MEn/kg) based upon corn, feather meal, and soybean meal was supplemented with graded increments ...
Simpson S J - - 1991
Investigations into the behavioural and underlying physiological mechanisms of dietary selection are presented for the locust, Locusta migratoria. Locusts were fed for 4, 8 or 12 h on one of four chemically defined artificial diets: diet PC, which was nutritionally complete; diet P, containing no digestible carbohydrate; diet C, containing ...
Stacher G - - 1991
The evaluation of agents potentially accelerating gastric emptying in gastric stasis syndromes is time-consuming. Since a previous study showed that emptying is slowed after antecedent fat ingestion and intravenous cisapride abolishes this effect, we investigated whether emptying delayed by fat incorporated into a meal is reversed by cisapride and thus ...
Ponter A A - - 1991
The aim of the experiment was to test the theory that accustoming pigs to a high-fat diet causes exaggerated gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) secretion in response to a high-fat meal, and to determine whether hypersecretion of GIP could be related to an increase in the GIP content of the small ...
Uhlinger D J - - 1991
Activated polymorphonuclear leukocytes have been associated with neoplasia, atherogenesis and reperfusion injury. Since some of these conditions are also correlated with dietary fat, we examined the functional characteristics of leukocytes isolated from subjects before and after consumption of a lipid-rich meal. There was up to 2-fold greater superoxide generation in ...
Klusmeyer T H - - 1991
Four Holstein cows fitted with ruminal and duodenal cannulas were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square to investigate the effects of calcium salts of long-chain fatty acids (fat) and source of protein (fish meal or soybean meal) on ruminal fermentation, flow of nutrients to the small intestine, and ...
Petit H V - - 1991
Five primiparous Holstein cows (483 kg BW) of low productivity were used in a 4 x 5 incomplete Latin square design to study the effects of feeding two levels of grain containing soybean meal and one level of grain containing fish meal on feed intake, milk production, digestibility, and rumen ...
de Castro J M - - 1991
The amount eaten by humans in spontaneously ingested meals is positively correlated with the number of other people present. This could be due to a social facilitation or may occur as an artifact of a covariation produced by changes in intake occurring over weekends. This possibility was investigated by paying ...
Aregheore E M - - 1991
The toxic effects of cassava diets on humans were reviewed. Some newspapers in Nigeria have reported deaths associated with cassava meal consumption. The papers looked into the toxic factors in cassava, their causes, the resultant effects on humans, and the reasons why cassava diets became popular in Nigeria. Suggestions were ...
Beech S A - - 1991
An experiment was conducted to determine the utilization of ileal digestible threonine by growing pigs. Three threonine-deficient diets (0.22 g ileal digestible threonine/MJ digestible energy (DE] were formulated using cottonseed meal, meat-and-bone meal and soya-bean meal respectively, as the only source of threonine in the diet. An additional three diets ...
Menon S P - - 1991
The bioavailability of an oral dose of cyclosporin A (CSA) is variable. CSA is highly lipid soluble with approximately 40% of the CSA in the intravascular compartment bound to lipoproteins. This study was undertaken to determine what effect acute alterations in plasma lipids following a high fat meal would have ...
Cunningham K M - - 1991
The effect of a low fat diet (9 MJ) v a high fat diet (19.26 MJ), each consumed separately for four and 14 days, on gastric emptying and mouth to caecum transit time of a high fat test meal and body weight and satiety were examined in groups of 10 ...
Robertson D R - - 1991
1. The pharmacokinetics of levodopa and paracetamol after single oral doses have been investigated in eight healthy young volunteers in the fasted state and following isocaloric meals containing either 10.5 g or 30.5 g of protein. 2. The initial peak and maximum plasma drug concentrations and the times at which ...
Pinto J R - - 1991
We measured the renal haemodynamic and proteinuric response to a meat meal (MM) in ten persistently proteinuric insulin-dependent diabetic patients in a randomized cross-over study of 3 weeks on low protein diet (LPD) or normal protein intake (NPD). On LPD, protein intake (0.64 +/- 0.05 vs 1.15 +/- 0.09 g ...
Brighenti F - - 1991
It has been suggested that, although increasing meal frequency has metabolic advantages in terms of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, the efficiency of small intestinal absorption may be enhanced, thus reducing the extent of colonic fermentation. Since this may be undesirable, we have tested whether increasing meal frequency reduces the amount ...
Siddhu A - - 1991
The present study was designed to examine the effect of corn oil (Co) on postprandial glycaemia and insulinaemia when ingested with glucose (G), casein (Cs), cellulose (Cl) and pectin (P) in various combinations. The study was conducted on six healthy male volunteers, on each of whom six meal tolerance tests ...
Ferris C F - - 1991
The ingestion of a meal high in fat content is known to increase circulating levels of neurotensin (NT) in humans. However, the magnitude of the postprandial rise of NT in the general circulation and its physiological significance have been subject of much debate. The present study examines circulating levels of ...
Leth R D - - 1991
The causes of fat malabsorption after gastric resection were studied in patients randomized to Billroth I gastroduodenostomy or Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy after antrectomy and selective gastric vagotomy for intractable prepyloric peptic ulcer. Eighteen patients were studied 2 years or more postoperatively. Assessment of food intake concerning protein, fat, carbohydrate, vitamins and ...
Verboeket-van de Venne W P - - 1991
A study was conducted to investigate whether there is a diurnal pattern of nutrient utilization in man and how this is affected by meal frequency to explain possible consequences of meal frequency for body weight regulation. When the daily energy intake is consumed in a small number of large meals, ...
Miller G J - - 1991
Nine adults took two 7-day diets of standardised energy and total fat content, but with a dietary polyunsaturated/saturated fat ratio of less than 0.3 and greater than 3.0 respectively, while adhering to their daily routine. Blood was drawn on 6 occasions between 09.00 and 22.45 h on the final day ...
Wedel M - - 1991
A recently developed three-compartment model for the absorption and elimination of ingested alcohol was applied to re-analyse a study on the effects of various factors known to influence the blood-alcohol curve. The absorption and elimination of alcohol after drinking diluted alcohol were studied in healthy volunteers under strictly standardized conditions. ...
Elmore D K - - 1991
In order to examine the meal pattern characteristics associated with bulimia nervosa the meal patterns of 19 untreated bulimia nervosa, 12 recovered bulimics, and 21 normal controls spontaneously eating in their natural environments were compared. Subjects reported in a diary everything they either ate or drank for seven consecutive days. ...
De Santo N G - - 1991
Tubular function was measured by lithium clearance (CLi) and by its derived formulae before and after the transient increase (lasting 90 min) in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) following a meat meal (2g protein/kg body weight) in 12 normal children. Three baseline and 4 clearances after the meal were obtained, each ...
Zaleska-Freljan K - - 1991
1. In 102 laboratory rats fed with (a) the krill standardized meal, (b) the krill meal with low chitin content, (c) the casein diet with D,L-methionine, (d) the casein diet with D,L-methionine supplemented with the krill carapace meal, (e) the casein diet with D,L-methionine supplemented with ash from the krill ...
Furuse M - - 1991
1. Whether the ingestion of excess phenylalanine (Phe) or tyrosine (Tyr) in diets alters the release of cholecystokinin (CCK) into the blood was investigated in chickens. A single meal of control, Phe excess, or Tyr excess diets was given through a stomach tube, followed by the CCK determination with specific ...
Furuse M - - 1990
Whether ingestion of soya-bean trypsin inhibitor (SBTI) alters the release of cholecystokinin (CCK) was investigated in chickens. A meal of an adequate diet supplemented with SBTI (0, 100, or 1000 mg/kg) was given through a stomach tube, followed by CCK determination with specific CCK-8 antibody. The plasma CCK level increased ...
Fullarton G M - - 1990
A quantitative study of gallbladder emptying using 99mTc-HIDA as a bile tracer was performed with either CCK or a fatty meal as gallbladder stimulant. Its aims were to establish; (1) the reproducibility of CCK- and fatty-meal-induced gallbladder contraction, and (2) temporal patterns of gallbladder emptying following a physiological meal. Nineteen ...
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