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Results 651 - 700 of 1021
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Batterham E S - - 1994
The ileal digestibility of tryptophan for growing pigs was determined for cottonseed, meat-and-bone and soya-bean meals. Tryptophan in the food and digesta was measured by two analytical procedures (NaOH hydrolysis and colorimetric estimation (method 1) and LiOH hydrolysis and HPLC determination (method 2)). The results were respectively: cottonseed meal 0.46, ...
Smith A - - 1994
This study examined the effects of fat content and meal size on postlunch changes in mood, performance, and cardiovascular function. Forty-six subjects (20 males, 26 females) were tested before and after lunch. Subjects were assigned to one of the following lunch conditions: a) low fat (23 g), large meal (860 ...
Tomlinson A P - - 1994
Because some previous studies indicated that addition of dietary fat may delay milk yield response and that effects carry over after withdrawal, an objective of this reversal design with four 28-d periods was to estimate residual effects. Diets were fed 2 wk before period 1 to permit inclusion of pretreatment ...
Griffiths A J - - 1994
We tested the hypothesis that when fat is ingested in combination with carbohydrate, direct release of fatty acids into the plasma may occur. Eight normal subjects ingested two meals: high-fat (80 g fat, 80 g carbohydrate, and 18 g protein) and low-fat (< 1 g fat, otherwise closely matched). Over ...
Pfeffer E - - 1994
Two feeding trials were performed on rainbow trout of mean initial weights of 40 and 50 g and lasting for 12 and 14 weeks, respectively. In trial 1, diets contained per kg 300 g fish meal and varying proportions of gelatinized maize starch plus either casein or hydrolyzed feather meal. ...
Silveira A - - 1994
Dietary studies have established a connection between plasma lipoproteins and coagulation factor VII. The present study was undertaken to specifically examine whether factor VII is activated during alimentary lipemia and to investigate the relations of factor VII mass and activity state with fasting and postprandial lipoproteins and free fatty acids ...
Lavigne A J - - 1994
Seventy captive-bred American kestrels (Falco sparverius) were hand-reared on diets of either day-old cockerels (Gallus domesticus) (n = 38) or laboratory mice (Mus musculus) (n = 32) at meal frequencies of 4 or 6 times per day. Ad libitum food was provided in all meals. A proximate analysis of the ...
French S J - - 1994
To determine whether the satiating effects of fiber are due to delaying gastric emptying or slowing absorption of meals, 3% guar gum was added to high- and low-fat soups and gastric emptying rate, hunger, and satiety were measured in eight male volunteers. Guar gum delayed the emptying of the low-fat ...
Pfeffer E - - 1994
7 diets were prepared containing as their only source of protein one of the following feeds: fish meal, casein, hydrolyzed feather meal, grieves, wheat gluten, maize gluten, soybean meal. Crystalline amino acids were supplemented except in cases of fish meal and casein to prevent specific amino acid deficiencies. Concentrations of ...
Le Liboux A - - 1994
The indirect effect of diet on the single- and multiple-dose pharmacokinetics of sustained-release ketoprofen was studied in 16 healthy male volunteers. In an open, cross-over design, 200 mg ketoprofen was administered as a gastric-juice-resistant, sustained-release tablet once daily during two periods of 5 days. A low-calorie/low-fat diet (LCFD) was given ...
Mueller E A - - 1994
The influence of a fat-rich meal on the pharmacokinetics of cyclosporine from a new oral formulation (Sandimmune Neoral) was compared in a randomized, four-way crossover study to the currently marketed formulation (Sandimmune) in 24 healthy male volunteers. Single oral doses of 300 mg Sandimmune and 180 mg Sandimmune Neoral were ...
Witteman B J - - 1993
Changes in gallbladder contraction and plasma cholecystokinin release were studied following modified sham feeding of 3 different isocaloric meals rich in either fat, protein or carbohydrates in healthy volunteers, and results were compared with those following real feeding of comparable meals. In contrast to carbohydrate-rich meals (8 +/- 19 ml/120 ...
Domar U - - 1993
To evaluate a possible quantitative relationship between the rise in intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP) activity and triglyceride-rich lipoproteins in the blood after an oral fat intake, a specific and sensitive immunocatalytic assay was used. First, day to day variation of the basal IAP activity in the blood of eight volunteers ...
Gai M N - - 1993
Food-induced changes on the bioavailability of a sustained-release theophylline tablet, which uses acrylic resins Eudragit as sustaining agent, were studied in 12 healthy male volunteers. The tablet was developed in our laboratory using conventional technology. It presented a good bioavailability pattern and maintained plasmatic concentrations within the therapeutic range for ...
Salomaa V - - 1993
The effect of different fat loads on postprandial lipemia and hemostatic activity was examined in 10 middle-aged men using 3 different meals. One meal was rich in saturated fatty acids (cream), the other rich in n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (sunflower oil) and the third was fat-free containing only carbohydrates. Lipoprotein ...
Washington N - - 1993
It is now becoming common practice to co-administer H2-receptor antagonists and anti-reflux agents in the treatment of reflux oesophagitis. The mechanism by which anti-reflux agents achieve flotation requires a small amount of gastric acid to be present in the stomach. This study investigated whether an anti-reflux agent would remain effective ...
Steed K P - - 1993
The fat component of meals has been thought to make a major contribution to the colonic response to feeding. We have combined gamma scintigraphy and radiotelemetry to noninvasively study the response of the normally inaccessible proximal colon after ingestion of either a high or low fat meal. Separate studies were ...
Spiegel T A - - 1993
The effect of bite size on ingestion rate, satiation, and meal size was studied in nine lean and nine obese women. On separate days, subjects were given one of three bite sizes of sandwiches and one of two bite sizes of bagels with cream cheese to eat in a laboratory ...
Risco C A - - 1993
The effects of a cottonseed meal diet containing high levels of free gossypol on hematological traits, including erythrocyte osmotic fragility and semen characteristics, were examined during an 11-week period. Eight Brahman bulls were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups. The control group (n=4) was fed a mixture of soybean ...
Hartmann D - - 1993
Orlistat (O) is a potent and selective inhibitor of gastrointestinal lipases. The effect on dietary fat absorption following dosing of O at different times relative to meals was investigated in a placebo (P) controlled study in 24 hospitalized healthy males. After a 5-day run-in, to accustom the subjects to a ...
Spiegel C - - 1993
Experiments were designed to study effects of dietary rapeseed presscake meal on the thyroid and on the liver 5'-monodeiodinase activity in growing pigs. Animals were fed rapeseed presscake meal (15% in the ration) of 0-varieties (containing relatively high amounts of glucosinolates and goitrin) or a control diet (soybean meal instead ...
Ishizuka T - - 1993
(1) The effect of twice-daily meals on a body weight (BW) and blood pressure (BP), (2) the effect of working night shifts on BPs, and (3) a relationship between a meat diet and cedar pollinosis were statistically investigated with working men who had an annual medical examination. As a result, ...
Harnden K E - - 1993
Eight Type 2 diabetic patients ate and prepared five different meals at home, taking each meal on two separate occasions. They measured their blood glucose just before eating and 30, 60, 120, and 180 min after the meal. The meals varied in energy and dietary fibre content and in the ...
Hamaguchi T - - 1993
The effect of a high-fat meal on the bioavailability of free acid phenytoin (DPH) from Hydantol powder with a large particle size (mean particle size, 190 microns) was investigated in four healthy male subjects. The drug was administered as a single oral 5 mg/kg dose of free acid DPH in ...
Ketaren P P - - 1993
Experiments were conducted with pigs and rats to determine the availability of P in feeds. Initially, the availability of P in a soya-bean meal and field peas (Pisum sativum cultivar Early Dun) was assessed using a slope-ratio assay for grower pigs. Three different levels of either monosodium phosphate (MSP), soya-bean ...
Rabot S - - 1993
Gnotobiotic growing rats harbouring either a whole human faecal flora or single human strains of Escherichia coli (EM0) or Bacteroides vulgatus (BV8H1) were fed for 7 weeks on semi-synthetic diets in which the protein source was either soya-bean meal (SM) or rape-seed meal (RM). For each bacterial status the RM-diet ...
Greenberg D - - 1993
Cholecystokinin (CCK) is released from the intestine following ingestion of lipids and other nutrients. Numerous studies indicate that exogenous CCK reduces meal size in animals and humans, and the availability of CCK antagonists has further helped to clarify this function. Although animal studies show that CCK is important in mediating ...
Aggarwal A M - - 1993
Olestra, the name proposed for the mixture of hexa-, hepta- and octaesters of sucrose and long-chain fatty acids, is a nondigestible, nonabsorbable lipid with physical properties and taste that are similar to those of natural triglycerides. Our aim was to determine whether substitution with up to 30 g of olestra ...
Mook D G - - 1993
In rats on a stringent deprivation schedule and at reduced body weight, an intragastric load of liquid diet that equals or exceeds normal meal size has no effect at all on subsequent sham feeding of milk diet or of glucose. Removing the acute deprivation period and reversing, or preventing, severe ...
Talbot R J - - 1993
The uptake of radiocesium from mutton contaminated by fallout from the Chernobyl reactor accident has been studied in eight healthy male volunteers. Each subject consumed, on adjacent days, two meals prepared from the mutton containing a total of 0.8 kBq 137Cs. The elevation and subsequent decline in whole-body content were ...
Pan H Y - - 1993
The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of pravastatin 20 mg administered twice daily when taken with or one hour before meals were evaluated in 24 hypercholesterolemic men in an 8-week, open-label, randomized, two-way crossover study. The bioavailability of pravastatin was reduced significantly (p < or = 0.001) when it was taken with ...
Zhang X - - 1993
The effects of amount and type of dietary fish proteins on plasma and liver cholesterol concentrations were evaluated in female rats. The isonitrogenous diets used contained 10 g cholesterol/kg and were carefully balanced for residual fat, cholesterol, Ca, Mg and P in the protein preparations. Cod meal, soya-bean protein or ...
Price J M - - 1993
The response of the colon to eating, the gastrocolonic response (GCR), may have important implications for the design of drug dosage forms for selective delivery to the colon. Therefore, the effect of meal composition on the GCR and its relation to the transit of nondisintegrating tablets has been investigated. Eight ...
Alexander J T - - 1993
Studies with idazoxan (IDA), a specific alpha 2-noradrenergic receptor antagonist, demonstrate effects on feeding behavior opposite to those observed with norepinephrine in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and peripheral injection of the alpha 2 agonist clonidine. Administration of IDA, both intraperitoneally (IP) and into the PVN at the onset of the ...
Ingwersen S H - - 1993
Each of 12 healthy male subjects received single oral doses of 100 mg vanoxerine (GBR 12909), a dopamine reuptake inhibitor with potential antidepressant activity, on three different occasions (fasting, after a low-fat meal and after a high-fat meal) according to a randomized, cross-over design. The mean tmax value increased from ...
Segal I - - 1993
Fermentation of dietary fiber and resistant starch is one of the major physiological functions of the human large intestine. The major substrate for fermentation is probably starch. This study assessed the effect of bananas--a carbohydrate with a highly resistant starch content--on breath hydrogen and methane production in methane and nonmethane-producing ...
Arnold L M - - 1993
To investigate the effects of meal frequency on plasma lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, 19 healthy normocholesterolemic free-living men and women consumed their usual diet as three or nine meals per day in random order for 2 wk each. There was no significant difference in macronutrient intake. Compared with the three-meal/d ...
Barash I - - 1993
1. Two-week old male chicks of a light-bodied strain were either fed ad libitum or given one (1M) or two (2M) 2-h meals per day. A fourth group was pair-fed (P1M) the amount of food which had been consumed by the 1M group on the preceding day. 2. Compared with ...
Seeley R J - - 1993
Most experiments on satiation do not separate the contribution to meal size of cumulative intake from that of time since meal onset. To assess the relative contributions of temporal and intake factors, the amount consumed of intraorally infused 12.5% glucose solution, delivered at a fixed rate of 1.0 ml/min, was ...
Larbier Z M - - 1993
The effect of high ambient temperature (32 versus 21 C) between 4 and 6 wk of age on true digestibility of protein (TDP), amino acids (TDAA), and AME value of rapeseed and soybean meals was investigated in broilers. At 6 wk of age, 96 male and female birds were deprived ...
Keery C M - - 1993
Cannulated steers were used to determine the effects of supplemental soybean meal, heated soybean meal, fish meal, and a combination of fish meal, heated soybean meal, and corn gluten meal on intraruminal protein degradation and absorption of AA from the small intestine. Organic matter digestion in the reticulo-rumen was greater ...
Schaefer H G - - 1993
The effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of the active metabolite of the new antiasthmatic drug repirinast was investigated in two different studies after oral administration of 300 mg of repirinast. In each study, 12 healthy volunteers received the repirinast dose under fasting or fed conditions in a crossover manner. ...
Fischer F M - - 1993
Cross-sectional studies of working and living conditions were conducted in two Brazilian petrochemical plants between 1988-1989. This paper presents analyses of reported activities undertaken during day- and shiftworkers' leisure time. One hundred and sixteen workers (67 continuous shiftworkers) daily logged standard protocols of all leisure activities, for three consecutive weeks. ...
Corsini A - - 1993
The effect of trapidil derivative AR12456 on intracellular cholesterol metabolism was investigated in human hepatoma cell line HepG2. AR12456 enhanced the uptake and degradation of(125)I-LDL in a dose-dependent manner. The drug inhibited cholesterol synthesis and esterification without affecting cellular cholesterol content and bile acid synthesis; cholesterol efflux was slightly increased. ...
Lennernäs M A - - 1993
Established nutritional science methods and a new concept for meal-classification were applied to shiftworkers (rotating 3-shift) data. The frequency of meals and snacks of different nutritional quality as a function of work schedule was evaluated, as well as the content of selected nutrients (energy, fat, sucrose, dietary fibres, ascorbic acid) ...
Moran M B - - 1993
This is a report of a dietary analysis of meals offered in one large congregate feeding program and clients' consumption patterns as they relate to self-reported dietary restrictions. Most meals exceeded dietary guidelines for kilocalories, cholesterol, and proportion of energy from fat. Of 438 congregate meal clients 60 years of ...
Leibowitz S F - - 1993
Norepinephrine (NE) injected into the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus of rats is a potent stimulant of food intake, more specifically ingestion of the carbohydrate nutrient. In 2 experiments of the present study, this effect was found to be dose-dependent, and the effectiveness of NE in potentiating total food ...
Doose D R - - 1992
The effects of meals and meal composition on the bioavailability of fenretinide, N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide, a synthetic retinoid undergoing clinical trials, were examined in two separate studies using an open, randomized, crossover design. In the first study, 13 healthy male volunteers received 300-mg doses of fenretinide (1) while fasting and (2) ...
Hadj-Aïssa A - - 1992
Recent studies have suggested that the renal effects of high protein intake could be mediated, at least in part, by vasopressin and/or an increase in the urinary concentrating activity. The present study investigated the influence of the level of hydration, and hence of the activity of the concentrating process, on ...
Valdes E V - - 1992
A two-stage in vitro system (IVDE) for estimating AMEn in poultry feeds was investigated. For 71 diets ranging from 2.2 to 3.4 kcal/g, the average AMEn was 2.889 kcal/g and the mean IVDE value was 3.005 kcal/g. From the 71 diets, 30 (42.2%) showed differences between AMEn and IVDE of ...
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