Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1021
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Rocha A - - 1996
Thirty-nine Brahman bulls with an initial age and weight of 301.7 +/- 4.1 d and 202.7 +/- 4.7 kg, respectively, were randomly allocated to 1 of 2 dietary treatment groups within age, weight and sire in order to study the influence of source of protein and stage of peripuberal period ...
Ivan M - - 1996
The effect of protecting soybean meal from microbial degradation in the rumen on duodenal flow of microbial N and feed N was studied with sheep. The soybean meal was protected with chemically modified zein. Two groups of four wethers, each equipped with a ruminal cannula and a duodenal reentrant cannula, ...
Kratzer F H - - 1996
Six experiments were conducted to study the effect of diet on growth and plasma ascorbic acid in chickens. D-Glucuronolactone failed to improve growth with either a crude yeast-fish meal diet or a purified diet based on casein and gelatin. With the purified diet, D-glucuronic acid and L-gulonolactone also failed to ...
Cherian K M - - 1996
Mowrah (M. latifolia) seeds yield 40-50% edible fat and the meal contains saponins besides protein and high level of carbohydrates. The toxicity of the meal was evaluated as it has a potential for use in animal feedstuffs. The meal was fed to young and adult rats at levels of 10 ...
Feinle C - - 1995
Vection and fat delay gastric emptying and can induce nausea. Therefore, we studied the interaction between vection and fat on the production of nausea and the relationship between the severity of symptoms and changes in gastric emptying. Twelve healthy males consumed two liquid test meals, a zero-fat and a high-fat ...
Samish M - - 1995
The impact of optimal temperature, osmotic pressure, and diet viscosity on the number of mosquitoes (Anopheles stephensi) feeding through a membrane, and on the size of the blood meal, was evaluated. An increase in diet viscosity decreased the number of imbibing mosquitoes, reduced the size of the ingested meal, and ...
Yoshioka M - - 1995
We investigated the effects of dietary red pepper on the energy metabolism in male subjects. In the first experiment, after having a standardized dinner on the previous evening, the subjects consumed a breakfast (650 kcal) either with or without 10 g of red pepper. For 150 min after the meal, ...
Bergeron N - - 1995
The effects of diets rich in saturated fatty acids (SFA) (total polyunsaturated fatty acids [PUFA] [g]/total SFA [g][P/S ratio], 0.2) or omega-6 PUFA (P/S ratio, 1.3) on the postprandial response of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRL) was determined in normolipidemic young men. After 15 and 29 days of diet intervention, the postabsorptive ...
Undeland K A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Meal-induced relaxation of the proximal stomach can be investigated by means of a barostat. Using a standard liquid meat soup that elicits symptoms and a wide antrum in patients with functional dyspepsia, we aimed at finding the best meal size and fat load for studying gastric relaxation. METHODS: In ...
Cella L K - - 1995
To test whether the diurnal rhythm of cholesterol synthesis in humans is entrained to meal timing, the effect of a 6.5-h delay of mealtimes was investigated in four normal lipidemic male subjects. Cholesterol fractional synthetic rate was measured by deuterium incorporation from body water using blood sampling every 2 h. ...
Hulsey M G - - 1995
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) has been reported to reduce food intake and body weight, and numerous studies suggest a role for CRF in putative mechanisms for the regulation of body energy. This study investigated the effects of ICV-administered antisense phosphorothioate oligonucleotides, directed against the CRF mRNA, on feeding behavior and body ...
Landry C - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: Erythromycin, a macrolide antibiotic, has been reported to increase gastric emptying. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of intravenous erythromycin (150 mg/h) on gastric emptying, small intestinal transit time, gastric and biliopancreatic secretions during gastric infusion of a liquid diet in healthy volunteers. DESIGN: A ...
Murphy M C - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: Substrate and hormone responses to meals of differing fat content were evaluated in normal subjects in order to investigate mechanisms underlying the regulation of postprandial lipoprotein concentration. DESIGN: A randomised cross-over study with three different meals on three occasions. SETTING: Free-living subjects associated with Surrey University. SUBJECTS: Ten male ...
Lee K H - - 1995
The TME, true amino acid availability (TAAA), AME, and apparent amino acid availability (AAAA) were determined in full-fat seeds, meals, oils, and meal-oil mixtures of flax and canola using Single Comb White Leghorn roosters by the force feeding and total excreta collection assay. The metabolizable energy values were corrected to ...
Wells A S - - 1995
The effects of intraduodenal and dietary lipid on alertness, mood and performance in a task requiring sustained attention were investigated in two studies. The first experiment compared the effect of duodenal infusion of either 100 g/l Intralipid (8.36 kJ/min) or isotonic saline (9 g NaCl/l) in paired studies carried out ...
Lawton C L - - 1995
Twelve nondepressed healthy female obese subjects (BMI > 30 kg/m2) took part in a study which conformed to a double-blind randomized crossover design. Each subject acted as her own control across 2 weeks of treatment with either 60 mg of the 5-HT reuptake inhibitor fluoxetine or matching placebo. On days ...
Rühl A - - 1995
Gastrointestinal luminal contents may interfere with concentration analysis of non-absorbable dyes. However, non-absorbable markers are broadly used for studies of gastric emptying rates of nutrient solutions. This prompted us to evaluate the properties of non-absorbable markers to mark such nutrient solutions. In vitro concentrations of polyethylene glycol, phenol red, dextran ...
Rocha A - - 1995
Thirty-nine Brahman bulls (301.7 +/- 4.1 d; 202.7 +/- 4.7 kg) were allotted to one of two treatments and fed soybean meal (SBM)- or fish meal (FIS)-based supplements and hay to examine the effects of source of protein on growth and reproductive development. The fish meal supplement had 72% ruminally ...
de Castro J M - - 1995
Lunar variations in the nutrient intakes and the meal patterns of humans were investigated by reanalyzing the data previously collected by paying 694 adult humans to maintain a 7-day diary of everything they ate, when they ate it, and their subjective state of hunger. A small but significant lunar rhythm ...
Froehlich F - - 1995
Postprandial gallbladder contraction is mainly regulated by cholecystokinin (CCK), but little is known about the dose-response relationship between CCK release and gallbladder contraction, in particular after meals with differing fat content. Decreased postprandial gallbladder emptying has been suggested to play a major role in the development of gallstones in man, ...
Weijs P J - - 1995
During pregnancy a higher amino acid requirement may be expected, but the increase in food intake does not match the increased growth rate during pregnancy. It is hypothesized that amino acid utilization can be increased during both fasting and feeding in order to account for the increased requirement. Therefore mature ...
Fernstrom M H - - 1995
The response of brain tryptophan concentration and serotonin synthesis to the ingestion of two sequential meals was examined in rats. Fasted rats ingested a carbohydrate meal followed 2 h later by a protein-containing meal and were examined 2 or 4 h after the first meal. Other rats ingested a protein ...
Jones P J - - 1995
To determine whether human lipogenesis is influenced by the frequency of meal consumption, 12 subjects were divided into two groups and fed isocaloric nutritionally adequate liquid diets over 3 days, either as three larger diurnal (n = 6) or as six small, evenly spaced (n = 6) meals per day. ...
McGregor I S - - 1995
Indirect calorimetry was used to investigate whole-body metabolic changes occurring during and after feeding in the rat. Measurement of respiratory exchange allowed the derivation of respiratory quotient (RQ = CO2 produced/O2 consumed) and energy expenditure [EE = O2 consumed (364 + 113RQ)], giving an estimate of the energy substrate (fat, ...
Hunter K A - - 1995
1. The short-term effect of oral feeding on albumin synthesis rate was investigated in 12 healthy volunteers using two meal regimens. Albumin synthesis was measured over 90 min after injection of a 'flooding' amount (43 mg/kg body weight) of phenylalanine enriched to 7.5, 10 or 15 atoms % with the ...
Lichtenberger L M - - 1995
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic infection with Helicobacter pylori causes persistent elevations in gastric juice ammonia levels. Thus, we studied the effects of experimentally induced increases in gastric juice ammonia levels on gastric structure and function and gastrin homeostasis. METHODS: Rats were fed either normal chow or the diet supplemented (20 g/dL) with ...
French S J - - 1995
Twelve male subjects took part in a study to investigate the effects of overfeeding a high-fat diet (19.17 MJ/d; 58% energy from fat) for 2 weeks on plasma cholecystokinin (CCK) levels, food intake, and subjective feelings of hunger and fullness. Before and after the diet, subjects completed a 2-week weighed ...
Walsh P - - 1995
In order to elucidate further the cues for, and the biochemical mechanisms of, the transition to ureogenesis in the gulf toadfish Opsanus beta, experiments on the effects of feeding (i.e. nitrogen loading) were carried out. Baseline nitrogen excretion rates were first measured on solitary toadfish in large water volumes (i.e. ...
Nicolaïew N - - 1995
We explored the effects of oral glycerol administration (20 g) alone or in combination with a mixed meal on postprandial lipids, free fatty acids, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and retinyl palmitate. We also tested the meal alone as a control. The metabolic behavior of 13C-labelled glycerol, mainly its incorporation into triglycerides ...
Erasmus L J - - 1994
Four lactating Holstein cows, fitted with T-type cannulas in the proximal duodenum, were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square design to determine the effect of protein supplement on production, ruminal digestion, and profile and the quantity of AA available for absorption. Supplemental protein sources were blood meal, corn ...
Petit H V - - 1994
Six large-framed crossbred steers averaging 262 kg were used in a 6 x 7 incomplete Latin square design to study the effect of feeding a source of readily available energy (molasses) in combination with highly degradable protein (canola meal) on ruminal characteristics, digestibility, and in situ disappearance of DM and ...
Dubois C - - 1994
Our aim was to determine the effects of increasing amounts of dietary cholesterol (0-710 mg) on the postprandial plasma lipid responses and lipoprotein changes in normolipidemic human subjects. Ten subjects were fed five different test meals in a random order: one meal did not contain fat or cholesterol while the ...
Benini L - - 1994
We studied the effect of heat-treated fats on gastric emptying. Eight healthy asymptomatic volunteers (five males; age 28-41 years) ate on different days and in random order two meals identical in contents (pasta, tomato, beef, olive oil, carrots, orange, water; 870 kcal males, 700 kcal females; 47% of calories from ...
De Castro J M - - 1994
The diet diary technique can produce reliable and valid records of the food and fluid intake of free-living humans. Procedures to maximize accuracy by motivating subjects, verifying records and minimizing bias are described. Underestimation and random error may tend to obscure relationships but does not artifactually produce them. Meal pattern ...
Kelly T H - - 1994
The effects of planned meals, varying in carbohydrate (CHO), fat and caloric content, on psychomotor performance by male subjects with unrestricted access to commercially-available foods was investigated in two residential studies. In the first study, two groups of three subjects (n = 6) completed psychomotor tasks before and after consuming ...
Kloss P - - 1994
Glucosinolates and their breakdown products (nitriles) have long been implicated as toxic factors when feeding rapeseed (Brassica napus) meals and crambe (Crambe abyssinica) meals to poultry. Accordingly, various methods have been developed to remove these compounds from the meals to enhance their value as feed supplements. Glucosinolates and nitriles were ...
Carroll D J - - 1994
The influence of high protein diets (21% CP, DM basis), containing varied percentages of RUP, on lactation performance and fertility was evaluated. Sixty-two Holstein cows (65% multiparous) were blocked by age and randomly assigned to a 2 x 2 x 2 factorial design from d 12 to 125 postpartum. Factor ...
Raben A - - 1994
The present study was undertaken to investigate fat metabolism after a high-fat meal [50 energy percent (E%) fat] in formerly obese subjects with a familial history of obesity. Twelve normal-weight postobese women (PO) and 12 closely matched controls were given the test meal after a 2-day carbohydrate-rich weight-maintenance diet (58 ...
Spiegel T A - - 1994
To identify the source of inhibitory signals from the stomach or intestine that lead to satiation, the effects of 300-g tomato soup preloads on the gastric emptying of a solid meal and on hunger and fullness ratings were examined. Subjects were nine healthy women who each ingested an egg sandwich: ...
Rouvier R - - 1994
1. A total of 655 mule ducklings were produced in three hatches by artificial insemination of common duck females Brown Tsaiya and Pekin "Alienor" and of their 2 reciprocal crossbreds with Muscovy semen. 2. They were fed ad libitum until 6 weeks, then restricted to one meal per day until ...
Casper D P - - 1994
Thirty-five 3-mo-old 150-kg Holstein heifers were fed diets containing two nonstructural carbohydrate sources (corn or barley) with two quantities of undegradable protein (soybean meal or extruded soybean meal) for 9 wk in a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement to evaluate NRC guidelines that the diet contain increased quantities of undegraded ...
Thomas D M - - 1994
Dopamine and a meat meal have both been used to stimulated hyperfiltration. Urinary dopamine has been said to rise after a meal. It has been suggested that the responses are the same. In order to clarify this relationship, the DOPA decarboxylase inhibitor carbidopa was used to abolish dopamine synthesis during ...
Lardy G P - - 1994
Three experiments were conducted to determine the effects of rapeseed meal on intake by cattle. In the first experiment, the effect of increasing rapeseed meal level on intake, growth, and performance of growing beef steers was evaluated. In the second experiment, the effect of extrusion (glucosinolate reduction) on supplement intake ...
Arnold L - - 1994
It has been suggested that the metabolic consequences of a given diet may depend in part on the frequency with which meals are eaten. To investigate the effects of meal frequency on plasma lipid metabolism, 16 free-living hypercholesterolaemic men and women consumed their usual diet as 3 or 9 meals/day ...
Miller G D - - 1994
Computerized meal pattern analysis was performed on female Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 10). Rats were housed for 14 days in cages adapted for macronutrient selection. Rats selected their diet from vitamin and mineral supplemented, semipurified sources of carbohydrate, fat and protein, in three individual food cups. For analysis of meal ...
McGrath S A - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of modifying meal consumption frequency on blood lipids in free-living healthy male volunteers on self-selected diets. DESIGN: Cross-over study of snacking to non-snacking and non-snacking to snacking patterns. SETTING: Civic Offices, Dublin. SUBJECTS: 12 men with a mean (SD) eating frequency of 6.0 +/- 0.8 ...
Baker S J - - 1994
The gastric emptying of different forms of ingesta occurs by a variety of mechanisms and dysfunction may selectively affect different components of the gastric contents. A technique for assessing gastric emptying of solid, indigestible, radiopaque markers was developed. Emptying of these markers in four ponies was variable in both pattern ...
Musial F - - 1994
To determine the effect of nutrient ingestion on rectal perception thresholds (first sensation, consistent urge to defecate, pain), rectosigmoid balloon distentions were performed with a computerized automated pump in eight healthy volunteers (four males, four females, 31.6 +/- 6.02 years). Two measurements of rectal balloon distention were performed on 2 ...
Erskine J M - - 1994
To examine the relative impact of diet and meal composition on lipoprotein lipase (LPL), high fat (60% of energy) (HF) and high carbohydrate (68%) (HC) diets were fed to Sprague-Dawley rats for 2-3 wk, followed by overnight food deprivation and a meal of the same composition. Heparin-releasable LPL activities, mass ...
Shor-Posner G - - 1994
In the present study, we examined, via computer-assisted analyses, the nocturnal meal patterns of male albino Sprague-Dawley rats with clear differences in their individual preferences for the macronutrients, protein, carbohydrate, and fat. Rats exhibiting a strong preference for the carbohydrate diet over the 12-h nocturnal cycle (approximately 50% of the ...
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