Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1021
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Sanders T A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The R353Q genotype is a major determinant of factor VII coagulant (FVIIc) activity, which is associated with an increased risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) and elevated plasma triacylglycerol concentrations. OBJECTIVE: The objectives were to 1) compare the effects of meals rich in palmitate or oleate with those of ...
Holt S H - - 1999
Fourteen subjects consumed four realistic isoenergetic (2035 kJ) breakfasts, varying in macronutrient content (two fat-rich, two carbohydrate-rich (low- and high-fibre)), in random order on separate mornings. After breakfast, subjects left the laboratory and completed appetite and alertness ratings at specific times and recorded all subsequent fluid and food intake for ...
Shishehbor F - - 1999
Present literature indicates that whereas an acute fat intake of 5 g does not elicit a postprandial triacylglycerolaemic response, 20 g of fat does. Since 67% of fat intake occasions involve fat doses of less than 20 g, the present study examined the effect of a relatively low-fat (LF) meal ...
Goggin J M - - 1999
Gastric emptying in 18 healthy cats was assessed simultaneously using scintigraphy and barium-impregnated polyethylene spheres (BIPS). Canned Prescription Diet Feline c/d (Hill's Pet Nutrition, Inc., Topeka, KS) labeled with 99mTc-disofenin (Hepatolite, DuPont Merck Pharmaceutical Co., Billerica, Mass.) was fed on four separate days. Scintigraphic images were obtained at time 0 ...
Makkar H P - - 1999
Unheated and heated (121 degrees C, 66% moisture; 15, 30 and 45 min) Jatropha meals of non-toxic provenance from Veracruz state in Mexico were evaluated using rats and fish. With rats, the weight gain was highest for the casein diet followed by heated (30 min; only this treatment was studied ...
Santos F A - - 1998
In order to integrate and analyze knowledge on the use of protein supplements and protein nutrition of lactating dairy cows, we compiled a review of 108 studies published throughout the world, but principally in the Journal of Dairy Science between 1985 and 1997. In 29 comparisons from 15 metabolism trials, ...
Yoshioka M - - 1998
The effects of dietary red pepper added to high-fat (HF) and high-carbohydrate (HC) meals on energy metabolism were examined in thirteen Japanese female subjects. After ingesting a standardized dinner on the previous evening, the subjects took an experimental breakfast (1883 kJ) under the following four conditions: HF meal, HF and ...
Beaumier-Gallon G - - 1998
We hypothesized that intestinal absorption and postprandial re-secretion of dietary cholesterol may be a particularly complex process in humans. To test this hypothesis, we used deuterium-enriched cholesterol to specifically label meal cholesterol and developed an improved method for quantitative measurement of traces of deuterated cholesterol as well as cholesterol with ...
Oakley F R - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Factor VII coagulant activity (FVII:c) is associated with an increased risk of fatal ischemic heart disease, is correlated with plasma triacylglycerol concentration, and increases after a meal rich in long-chain fatty acids. OBJECTIVE: We planned to compare effects of meals rich in oleate and butter fat with those of ...
Coudray C - - 1998
The amount of dietary trace elements absorbed from a meal depends, among other factors, on the quantities of certain minor plant constituents present in the meal. These substances can act as ligands and bind trace elements in the digestive tract in available or unavailable forms for absorption. The present study ...
Greenough A - - 1998
Infusions of cholecystokinin (CCK) may exert their effects on appetite by inducing feelings of nausea or anxiety. In this double blind, placebo controlled crossover study, the impact of these effects on appetite were examined. Fifteen male subjects received a 20 min i.v. infusion of cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) (4 ng/kg/min) or ...
Charlesworth J A JA Department of Nephrology, Prince Henry Hospital, Little Bay, New South Wales, - - 1998
To examine the hypothesis that a sustained rise in plasma acylation stimulating protein (ASP, C3a desarg) accompanies the elevation in triacylglycerol that follows the ingestion of an oral fat load. Following an overnight fast, blood samples were obtained from healthy volunteers while fasting and 15 min, 1, 2, 4, 6 ...
Kuhlbusch R - - 1998
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate the response of the electrical activity of the stomach (electrogastrogram, EGG) to meals, different with respect to consistency, nutrient and caloric composition. METHODS: EGG was recorded in ten healthy volunteers for 30 min before and 45 min after a meal. All ...
Marathe P H - - 1998
Bioavailability of avitriptan was found to decrease significantly when administered 5 min after a standard high fat meal. The studies described herein were carried out to gain insight into the mechanism of this food effect. A series of studies were conducted in humans to assess the effect of timing of ...
Rubio L A - - 1998
1. Four experiments with growing broiler chickens were carried out to study the effects of the inclusion in their diets of lupin (Lupinus angustifolius) seed meal of E. coli and lactobacilli counts in crop, ileum and caecca at 3 or 4 weeks of age. 2. Diets were formulated to contain ...
Kreiss C - - 1998
The role of cholecystokinin (CCK) in the regulation of gastric emptying of physiological meals containing solids and liquids in humans remains controversial. We studied the role of endogenous CCK in the emptying of a solid/liquid meal administering the new, highly specific and potent CCK-A receptor antagonist lintitript. Gastric emptying was ...
Rubio L A - - 1998
The effects on performance, digestibility, N utilization and plasma amino acid concentrations of dietary chickpea (Cicer arietinum, var. Kabuli) seed meal, globulin proteins or buffer-insoluble residue [starch + non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) + lignin] were studied in growing rats. Chickpea meal, defatted soybean meal, chickpea globulins and lactalbumin were each incorporated ...
Tomaino R M - - 1998
Two recent studies on the effects of single high-fat meals on endothelial function have postulated an additional mechanism by which dietary lipids can impact atherosclerosis. These studies found that dietary lipids decrease the ability of blood vessels to dilate and that this modification of endothelial function was protected by dietary ...
Mero N - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Oral fat tolerance tests (FTTs) have been widely used as a tool to investigate post-prandial lipaemia. However, there is no consensus regarding the type and amount of fat used in the tests. METHODS: We compared three commonly used FTTs, each containing 63 g of fat: a mixed meal, a ...
Evans K - - 1998
Previous studies have noted the presence of an early postprandial peak in plasma triacylglycerol concentrations following successive fat-rich meals. An earlier study has shown that the triacylglycerol in this early peak originates from a previous meal. The present study was performed to investigate the effects of different second meals on ...
Goggin J M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To characterize factors that affect solid-phase gastric emptying in healthy cats by use of nuclear scintigraphy and to assess differences in emptying patterns of dry and canned diets. ANIMALS: 20 healthy cats. PROCEDURE: 2 groups of 10 cats each were fed dry or canned diet for at least 2 ...
Penagini R - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Although fatty foods are commonly considered detrimental in patients with reflux disease, no objective data exist that substantiate this belief. AIMS: To investigate the effect of fat on gastro-oesophageal reflux and lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) motor activity. SUBJECTS: Thirteen healthy subjects and 14 patients with reflux disease. METHODS: Oesophageal ...
Wright B E - - 1998
We previously demonstrated that chronic dietary treatment with acarbose, an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, improves glucose homeostasis in the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rat. In this study we evaluated the effects of 4 weeks of acarbose treatment on glucose homeostasis in STZ-diabetic rats for both meal-fed (three times daily) and ad libitum feeding ...
Rossi R - - 1998
Eating and drinking patterns of eight pygmy goats were recorded under two diets with different NaCl content. A 3% NaCl diet in comparison to a 0.5% NaCl diet caused a long lasting depression of food intake, whereas water intake did not change. Therefore, the ratio between cumulative water and food ...
Gallagher M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a breakfast meal on bioelectrical impedance (BI). DESIGN: Three separate interventions. SETTING: A university based study. SUBJECTS: Young, healthy volunteers recruited from staff. Twenty-nine subjects (11 men, 18 women), ten subjects (two men and eight women) and 13 subjects (2 men and 11 women) ...
Hirabayashi M - - 1998
Soybean meal was fermented with Aspergillus usamii to improve zinc availability through the degradation of phytic acid. Rats fed a diet containing fermented soybean meal showed greater femoral zinc than did animals fed a diet containing regular soybean meal. Zinc solubility in the small intestine was higher in the rats ...
Wells A S - - 1998
Effects of recent food ingestion on daytime sleepiness were assessed in 16 subjects (8 men and 8 women) who were each studied on two occasions, 28 days apart. On each occasion, subjects ate a high-fat low-carbohydrate (CHO) (fat/CHO energy ratio 54:41) meal and an isoenergetic low-fat high-CHO meal (fat/CHO energy ...
Levanon D - - 1998
The absence of a standard meal in electrogastrography may limit its clinical significance. Different meals may fail to produce the expected postprandial motility pattern. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of meal volume and composition on postprandial myoelectrical activity. Fourteen healthy subjects were given four meals ...
Carlson S J - - 1998
PURPOSE: Small intestinal human immunodeficiency virus enteropathy is characterized by profound absorptive dysfunction unrelated to histology or pathogens. Frequently an attempt is made to compensate for this intestinal failure by supplementing nutrient intake with nourishing liquid meals. It is not known how the diminished absorptive function in these patients will ...
Tomita R - - 1998
Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) has been considered reasonable reduction surgery. However, even patients in whom more than 1 year passed after surgery frequently have a feeling of gastric fullness after meals and long-term retention of foods in the residual stomach. To treat this syndrome, cisapride has been administered. We studied the ...
Barrett J E - - 1998
A simple method for improving the nutritive quality of canola and high glucosinolate rapeseed meals for monogastric animals (chicks) was developed; the meals were mixed with NaHCO3 and NH4HCO3, then heated in a conventional oven. Chicks fed untreated canola or rapeseed meals gained less weight than those fed a soybean ...
Lippert C - - 1998
Anzemet (dolasetron mesylate) is being developed for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced emesis and postoperative nausea and vomiting. Twenty-four healthy male subjects were orally dosed with dolasetron mesylate, 200 mg, after either an overnight fast or a high-fat breakfast. The ratio of the mean area under the plasma concentration-time curve of ...
Linseisen J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Information on the absorption of cholesterol oxidation products (COP) from ordinary foodstuff in humans is scarce. METHODS: Five healthy young men were offered a salami- and Parmesan-containing meal naturally rich in COP. Plasma and lipoprotein COP concentrations were measured over the following 9 h. RESULTS: The mean plasma free ...
Dubois C - - 1998
Eight normolipidemic males ingested on separate days and in a random order five mixed meals containing 0, 15, 30, 40, or 50 g fat. Fasting and postprandial blood samples were obtained for 7 h and chylomicrons and lipoproteins were isolated. The nonfat and 15-g fat meals did not generate noticeable ...
Lin L - - 1998
The effects of enterostatin (ENT) injected into the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and the amygdala (AMYG) on the microstructure of feeding was studied by using an automated feeding apparatus. In rats adapted to a 6-h meal feeding regime, ENT reduced the size and duration of the first meal after injection in ...
Hailey A - - 1998
The peak of the elevated oxygen consumption following feeding may be preabsorptive in some reptiles, possibly because of the up-regulation of gut function. The question of whether up-regulation has a substantial net cost and accounts for a large part of the cost of the specific dynamic action can be resolved ...
Siega-Riz A M - - 1998
PURPOSE: To categorize U.S. adolescents' meal patterns and related differences in dietary quality. METHODS: Using data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals, 1989-1991, meal patterns from 3 days of adolescents' (ages 11-18 years) intake (n = 1310) were examined. Consistency of meal pattern intake and associated nutrient ...
Bujko J - - 1997
The influence of meal frequency on change of body weight and protein status, measured by level of amino acid oxidation (decarboxylation) in the postabsorptive state, was studied at a fixed daily protein intake. Growing rats (250g) were fed through gastric canula a feeding solution based on Nutrison Standard supplying 1.6g ...
Cunliffe A - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To assess the changes in measures of fatigue after meals of varying composition, and to compare the relation of the fatigue with changes in the plasma tryptophan:large neutral amino acids (Trp:LNAA) ratio. SUBJECTS: Sixteen healthy volunteers were recruited from staff and students at the College. DESIGN: Subjects were tested ...
Johnson M L - - 1997
Experiments were conducted to determine the protein efficiency ratio (PER) and net protein ratio (NPR) of meat and bone meals containing 24 or 34% ash, poultry by-product meals containing 7 or 16% ash, lamb meals containing 15 or 24% ash, a lamb meal analog containing 19% ash (mixture of lamb ...
Gai M N - - 1997
Food-induced changes on bioavailability of 2 sustained release theophylline matrix tablets, which uses an hydrophilic matrix of Carbopol 974P and lipid matrix of hydrogenated castor oil (Cutina HR) as sustaining agents, have been studied in 2 different groups of 12 healthy male volunteers. The study design was a 4 x ...
Burton-Freeman B - - 1997
We examined meal patterns after isocaloric duodenal infusions of fat, carbohydrate (CHO), and protein by measuring meal size, intermeal interval (IMI) and total food intake (TFI). Wistar rats were adapted to normal feeding 6 h/day, with continuous computer monitoring of feeding patterns. One of five solutions (10 ml of 1 ...
Plotnick G D GD Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA. - - 1997
Much has been written about the potential role of antioxidants in the prevention of atherosclerosis. To assess the short-term effect of a single high-fat meal with and without pretreatment with antioxidant vitamins on endothelial function in healthy, normocholesterolemic subjects. Observer-blinded randomized trial. University hospital. Twenty healthy, normocholesterolemic (total and low-density ...
Spiegel T A - - 1997
Two parallel preload studies were conducted to determine the relative contributions of inhibitory feedback from the stomach and intestine to satiation (meal termination) and postprandial satiety. In the Gastric Emptying Study, five normal-weight women each ingested an egg sandwich (307 kcal) (1) immediately after a tomato soup preload (120 kcal), ...
Larsen L F - - 1997
Acute elevation of the coagulant activity of blood coagulation factor VII (FVIIc) is observed after consumption of high-fat meals. This elevation is caused by an increase in the concentration of activated FVII (FVIIa). In a randomized crossover study, we investigated whether saturated, monounsaturated, or polyunsaturated fats differed regarding postprandial activation ...
Akayezu J M - - 1997
Experiments were conducted to examine the effects of the source and amount of dietary protein on yield and composition of milk from Holstein dairy cows. Study 1 used 36 multiparous cows at 125 +/- 59 d in milk in, a replicated 2 x 2 Latin square design. Treatments were diets ...
Tai M M - - 1997
The effect of the menstrual cycle on the thermic effect of food (TEF) was examined in eight healthy, normal-weight [mean +/- SD: 56.1 +/- 5.6 kg and body mass index (in kg/m2) 21.3 +/- 1.8] women aged 22-38 y. Their lean body mass and fat mass were 39.4 +/- 2.7 ...
Rosen D A - - 1997
The heat increment of feeding (HIF) was measured in six captive, juvenile Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus), fed meals of either 2 or 4 kg of herring. HIF was calculated as the post-prandial increase in metabolism above baseline levels, and was measured using open-circuit (gas) respirometry. It averaged 12.4 +/- ...
Boyce S J - - 1997
The feeding energetics of the Antarctic spiny plunderfish (Harpagifer antarcticus) were examined with respect to the effect of both ration size and animal size. Fish of different sizes were fed single meals at one of two ration levels (2.5% wet body mass and satiation) to determine the maximum aerobic scope ...
Shi G - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Recent studies indicate that gastric emptying may be influenced by patterns of previous nutrient intake. Endogenous cholecystokinin (CCK), whose synthesis and release can be affected by dietary intake, has a major role in the regulation of gastric emptying. AIMS: To evaluate the influence of diets with differing protein content ...
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