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Zúñiga-Hertz Juan P JP Department of Physiology and BiophysicsInstitute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes 1524, 05508-000 São Paulo, BrazilDepartment of AnesthesiologyVA San Diego Healthcare System and University of California-San Diego, VASDHS (9125), 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, San Diego, California 92161, USAHelmy Institute for Medical SciencesCenter for Aging and Associated Diseases, Zewail City of Sciences and Technology, Giza, Egypt Department of Physiology and BiophysicsInstitute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes 1524, 05508-000 São Paulo, BrazilDepartment of AnesthesiologyVA San Diego Healthcare System and University of California-San Diego, VASDHS (9125), 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, San Diego, California 92161, USAHelmy Institute for Medical SciencesCenter for Aging and Associated Diseases, Zewail City of Sciences and Technology, Giza, Egypt - - 2015
Results from previous investigations have indicated that glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) is affected by changes in cholesterol and its intermediates, but the precise link between secretion and cholesterol has not been thoroughly investigated. In this study, we show the contribution of both protein isoprenylation and cholesterol-dependent plasma membrane structural integrity ...
Ackermann Wagis W Institute of Bacteriology and Mycology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, An den Tierkliniken 29, 04103, Leipzig, Saxony, - - 2014
The aim of the present study is to investigate the impact of glyphosate on the microbiota and on the botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) expression during in vitro ruminal fermentation. This study was conducted using two DAISY(II)-incubators with four ventilated incubation vessels filled with rumen fluid of a 4-year-old non-lactating Holstein-Friesian cow. ...
Salmerón Cristina C Department of Physiology and Immunology, Faculty of Biology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona 08028, - - 2014
As leptin has a key role on appetite, knowledge about leptin regulation is important in order to understand the control of energy balance. We aimed to explore the modulatory effects of adiposity on plasma leptin levels in vivo and the role of potential regulators on leptin expression and secretion in ...
Mauro Christine R CR Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Whereas chronic overnutrition is a risk factor for surgical complications, long-term dietary restriction (reduced food intake without malnutrition) protects in preclinical models of surgical stress. Building on the emerging concept that acute preoperative dietary perturbations can affect the body's response to surgical stress, we hypothesized that short-term high-fat diet (HFD) ...
Galas A A Department of Epidemiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, - - 2014
Background/objectives:Inflammation is a central process responsible for health outcomes among surgical patients. Immunonutrition has been investigated as a promising modifying factor; however, inflammatory properties of habitual diet have not yet been investigated. The purpose of this study was to describe inflammatory properties of diet measured by the dietary inflammatory index ...
Søgaard Ditte D Section of Experimental Animal Models, Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, Faculty of Health & Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Moderate vitamin C (vitC) deficiency (plasma concentrations less than 23 μmol/L) affects as much as 10% of adults in the Western World and has been associated with an increased mortality in disease complexes such as cardiovascular disease and the metabolic syndrome. The distribution of vitC within the body is subjected ...
Tirabassi G G Division of Endocrinology, Department of Clinical and Molecular Sciences, Umberto I Hospital, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, - - 2014
Little is known about the effect of androgen receptor (AR) gene CAG repeat polymorphism in conditioning body composition changes after testosterone replacement therapy (TRT). In this study, we aimed to clarify this aspect by focussing our attention on male post-surgical hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, a condition often associated with partial or total ...
Larson Jeffrey D JD Dr Larson is a plastic surgeon in private practice in Madison, - - 2014
Background:Cervicoplasty is an important component of aesthetic facial and neck surgery, but the fat content in this area has not been described.Objectives:The authors identify anatomic compartments of fat in the neck (specifically the areas relevant to surgical management), quantify the fat in each compartment, and describe the relationships between each ...
Ahrari Shahnaz S Social Development & Health Promotion Research Center, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, - - 2014
Patient's noncompliance dietary and fluids intake can lead to a build-up of toxic fluids and metabolic end-products in the blood stream which may result in an increased morbidity and premature death. The aim of the study is investigate relationship between the social support and adherence to dietary and fluid restrictions ...
Korou Laskarina-Maria LM Department of Experimental Surgery and Surgical Research 'N.S. Christeas', Athens School of Medicine, Agiou Thoma 15Bstr., 11527, Athens, - - 2014
Hyperlipidemia and stress are important factors affecting cardiovascular health in middle-aged individuals. We investigated the effects of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and sesame oil on the lipidemic status, liver architecture and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis of middle-aged mice fed a cholesterol-enriched diet. We randomized 36 middle-aged C57bl/6 mice into 6 groups: a ...
Zheng Yin - - 2013
To predict the ease of perinephric fat surgical dissection at the time of open partial nephrectomy using perinepheric fat density characteristics as measured on pre-operative CT imaging. A cohort of 41 consecutive partial nephrectomy patients with available preoperative imaging and prospectively collected dissection difficulty assessment were identified. Using a scoring ...
Yambe Tomoyuki - - 2013
When we consider the medical economy, the Obesity is one of the leading preventable causes of death worldwide. However, a lot of previous scientific papers reported that 95% of obesity patients would not be able to control their weight by the diet. The surgical operation has been considered to the ...
Martel Catherine C Department of Gene and Cell Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, - - 2013
Reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) refers to the mobilization of cholesterol on HDL particles (HDL-C) from extravascular tissues to plasma, ultimately for fecal excretion. Little is known about how HDL-C leaves peripheral tissues to reach plasma. We first used 2 models of disrupted lymphatic drainage from skin--1 surgical and the other ...
Noreldin Ahmed Adel - - 2013
Background:Intraperitoneal fat, also known as visceral adipose tissue (VAT), poses significant metabolic risks. Reduction of this fat is functionally and aesthetically desirable. Since surgical reduction has serious risks, a noninvasive method for reduction of this fat would have important clinical benefits.Objective:The authors evaluate the reduction in VAT in an animal ...
Grela E R - - 2013
This study was carried out on the farm specializing in organic pig production on 80 fatteners of the Polish native Pulawska breed, allocated into 4 groups (20 pigs each): EM--entire (uncastrated) males, IM--immunocastrates--males vaccinated with Improvac, CM--surgically castrated males and G--gilts. The highest average daily gains were achieved by the ...
Nguyen Binh B Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2013
Short-term changes in preoperative nutrition can have profound effects on surgery-related outcomes such as ischemia/reperfusion injury in preclinical models. Dietary interventions that lend protection against stress in animal models (eg, fasting, dietary restriction [DR]) impact adipose tissue quality/quantity. Adipose tissue holds high surgical relevance because of its anatomic location and ...
Swithers Susan E SE Department of Psychological Sciences and Ingestive Behavior Research Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. - - 2013
Regulation of energy balance in female rats is known to differ along a number of dimensions compared to male rats. Previous work from our lab has demonstrated that in female rats fed dietary supplements containing high-intensity sweeteners that may disrupt a predictive relation between sweet tastes and calories, excess weight ...
Hansson Emma - - 2012
Abstract Body composition measurements are used to evaluate surgical treatment, such as bariatric surgery in over weight patients. Nowadays, there are many different methods to measure body composition available. However, none of them has been validated for use in patients after operation. The aim of the present study was to ...
Maser Raelene E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Osteocalcin (OC), a protein synthesized by osteoblasts, is a marker of bone turnover with undercarboxylated OC (ucOC) being involved in glucose homeostasis. Although laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB)-induced weight loss likely alters bone turnover, data on markers of bone turnover remain less clear. The aim of this study was ...
Ambegaonkar Abhijit A - - 2012
The Fat pathway controls both planar cell polarity (PCP) and organ growth. Fat signaling is regulated by the graded expression of the Fat ligand Dachsous (Ds) and the cadherin-domain kinase Four-jointed (Fj). The vectors of these gradients influence PCP, whereas their slope can influence growth. The Fj and Ds gradients ...
Lee Hyo Jung - - 2012
Pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA genes (targeting Bacteria and Archaea) and (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance were applied to investigate the rumen microbiota and metabolites of Hanwoo steers in the growth stage (HGS), Hanwoo steers in the late fattening stage (HFS), Holstein-Friesian dairy cattle (HDC), and Korean native goats (KNG) in the ...
Abecia L - - 2012
In order to study the microbial caecal ecosystem of wild and domestic rabbits through the fermentation characteristics and concentration and diversity of bacterial and archaeal communities, caecal samples from sixteen wild rabbits (WR) were contrasted with two groups (n = 4) of farm rabbits receiving low (LSF) or high (HSF) soluble fibre ...
Nocera Joseph J - - 2012
Numerous environmental pressures have precipitated long-term population reductions of many insect species. Population declines in aerially foraging insectivorous birds have also been detected, but the cause remains unknown partly because of a dearth of long-term monitoring data on avian diets. Chimney swifts (Chaetura pelagica) are a model aerial insectivore to ...
Maor Maya - - 2012
This article follows Charlotte Cooper's call to widen fat studies scholarship to contexts outside the United States, and Adrianne Hill's call to locate historically specific connections between lesbian communities and promotion of fat acceptance. Three in-depth interviews were conducted with Jewish-Israeli fat women. Through the development of their ability to ...
Ocampo Reinaldo M - - 2011
The diet composition and feeding strategy of the Argentine hake Merluccius hubbsi in the San Matías Gulf were analysed in order to use this information for the sustainable management of the fishery. Merluccius hubbsi behaved as an opportunistic predator. Small M. hubbsi consumed planktonic crustaceans, whereas medium and large fish ...
Xu Shanqin S Vascular Biology Section, Department of Medicine, Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, - - 2011
Our purpose was to determine if high-fat diet and treatment with a polyphenol regulate the acetylation of lysine-382 of p53, the site regulated by sirtuin-1, and apoptosis in the endothelium of the atherosclerotic lesion-prone mouse aortic arch. In cultured endothelial cells, 2 atherogenic stimuli, hydrogen peroxide and tumor necrosis factor-α, ...
Gutowski Jakub P - - 2011
We examined the effect of different dietary supplements on seasonal changes in body mass (m(b)), metabolic rate (MR) and nonshivering thermogenesis (NST) capacity in normothermic Siberian hamsters housed under semi natural conditions. Once a week standard hamster food was supplemented with either sunflower and flax seeds, rich in polyunsaturated fatty ...
Touati Sabeur - - 2011
: Chronic consumption of a high-fat diet induces obesity. We investigated whether exercise would reverse the cardiometabolic disorders associated with obesity without it being necessary to change from a high- to normal-fat diet. : Sprague-Dawley rats were placed on a high-fat (HFD) or control diet (CD) for 12 wk. HFD ...
Halliday Tanya M - - 2011
Vitamin D deficiency is endemic in the general population; however, there is much to be learned about the vitamin D status of athletes. : The purposes of this study were to assess the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in collegiate athletes and to determine whether 25(OH)D concentrations are related to ...
Bishop David - - 2010
A well designed diet is the foundation upon which optimal training and performance can be developed. However, as long as competitive sports have existed, athletes have attempted to improve their performance by ingesting a variety of substances. This practice has given rise to a multi-billion-dollar industry that aggressively markets its ...
Aparicio Virginia A - - 2011
Consumption of high-protein (HP) diets is postulated to exert a negative influence on bone and renal health. However, no conclusive evidence has been presented related to this issue or to the potential protective action of resistance training on HP-induced systemic effects. We examined the effects of HP diet consumption on ...
Van Proeyen Karen - - 2010
A fat-rich energy-dense diet is an important cause of insulin resistance. Stimulation of fat turnover in muscle cells during dietary fat challenge may contribute to maintenance of insulin sensitivity. Exercise in the fasted state markedly stimulates energy provision via fat oxidation. Therefore, we investigated whether exercise training in the fasted ...
Kyriazis Thomas - - 2010
The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between fat-free mass and shot put performance at the beginning of the winter preparation cycle and at the first peak of the season (12 wk later) in well-trained shot-putters using the rotational style. Eight national-level shot put athletes followed ...
Yamashita Alex Shimura - - 2010
The present study examined the effects of aerobic training and energy restriction on adipokines levels in mesenteric (MEAT) and retroperitoneal (RPAT) white adipose tissue from obese rats. Male Wistar rats were fed with standard laboratory diet (Control group) or high fat diet (HFD). After 15 weeks, HFD rats were randomly ...
Barker Mary M Food Choice Group, MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK. - - 2011
The Southampton Initiative for Health is a training intervention with Sure Start Children's Centre staff designed to improve the diets and physical activity levels of women of childbearing age. Training aims to help staff to support women in making changes to their lifestyles by improving three skills: reflection on current ...
Anderson Dawn E - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of nutritional feedback on dietary intake and body composition of college women volleyball players. Eight members of an National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) division II women's volleyball team participated as subjects. Three-day diet records and body composition (via air displacement ...
Sartor Francesco - - 2010
Continuous high glycemic load and inactivity challenge glucose homeostasis and fat oxidation. Hyperglycemia and high intramuscular glucose levels mediate insulin resistance, a precursor state of type 2 diabetes. The aim was to investigate whether a carbohydrate (CHO)-reduced diet combined with high-intensity interval training (HIIT) enhances the beneficial effects of the ...
Potteiger Jeffrey A - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between laboratory tests and on-ice skating performance in division I men's hockey athletes. Twenty-one men (age 20.7 +/- 1.6 years) were assessed for body composition, isokinetic force production in the quadriceps and hamstring muscles, and anaerobic muscle power via the Wingate ...
Fuhrman Joel - - 2010
Vegetarian diets are associated with several health benefits, but whether a vegetarian or vegan diet is beneficial for athletic performance has not yet been defined. Based on the evidence in the literature that diets high in unrefined plant foods are associated with beneficial effects on overall health, lifespan, immune function, ...
Rawson Eric S - - 2011
We examined the effects of 6 wk of low-dose creatine supplementation on body composition, muscle function, and body creatine retention. Twenty healthy men and women (21 ± 2 y old) were randomized to receive creatine (0.03 g · kg(-1) · d(-1); n = 10, 4 women) or placebo (n = ...
Shaw B S - - 2010
An increased total fatness, and especially abdominal fat deposition, is associated with a greater risk for a variety of health problems and metabolic disturbances. It is commonly accepted that endurance training induces the greatest alterations in total adiposity despite resistance training possibly having other advantages on body fat distribution. Thirty-seven ...
Cesarone M R - - 2010
The aim of the paper was to describe a new formula (Antilip®) consisting of very low dosages of polyglucosamine, phytosterols and Monascus purpureus. It was given to subjects affected by high cholesterol levels. The formula was used in combination with mild physical exercise (8 MET/h/week) and mild diet (reduction of ...
Brandt Nina - - 2010
Excess energy intake via a palatable low-fat diet (cafeteria diet) is known to induce obesity and glucose intolerance in rats. However, the molecular mechanisms behind this adaptation are not known, and it is also not known whether exercise training can reverse it. Male Wistar rats were assigned to 12-wk intervention ...
El Elj N - - 2010
Although it is known that circulating levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) are influenced by both physical exercise and dietary intake separately, there is little information regarding the additive effect of diets and training on IGF-1 regulation. To test this, we examined the combined effect of 30 days of two ...
Zoth Nora - - 2010
Estrogen replacement and physical activity have been demonstrated to reduce the risk to develop a metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women. In this study we investigate the combined effects of endurance training and estrogen substitution in a rat animal model of diet induced obesity. Effects on lipid and glucose metabolism were ...
Knechtle Beat - - 2010
We studied male and female nonprofessional Ironman triathletes to determine whether percent body fat, training, and/or previous race experience were associated with race performance. We used simple linear regression analysis, with total race time as the dependent variable, to investigate the relationship among athletes' percent body fat, average amount of ...
de Silva Angela - - 2010
Intake of dietary supplements is widespread among athletes in developed countries. This study evaluated the use of dietary supplements in athletes from a developing country. Dietary supplementation practices of 113 national-level athletes age 15-35 yr in Sri Lanka were assessed. All athletes from track-and-field, badminton, football, swimming, cycling, and karate ...
Bedno Sheryl A - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Heat illness has not declined in the U.S. military despite preventive measures. The increase in overweight recruits entering the U.S. military may lead to an increase in heat-related events. This study compares the risk of heat illness among U.S. Army recruits who exceeded body fat standards at accession to ...
Mettler Samuel - - 2010
PURPOSE: To examine the influence of dietary protein on lean body mass loss and performance during short-term hypoenergetic weight loss in athletes. METHODS: In a parallel design, 20 young healthy resistance-trained athletes were examined for energy expenditure for 1 wk and fed a mixed diet (15% protein, 100% energy) in ...
Ben Ounis Omar - - 2010
AIMS: The present study was designed to examine the possible changes in body composition, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) and inflammatory markers of obese children in response to a 2-month program of exercise training combined with dietary restriction. METHODS: Twenty-eight obese children (age 13.2 +/- ...
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