Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 999
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Cheng Hoi Lun HL Discipline of Exercise and Sport Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, P.O. Box 170, Lidcombe, NSW, 1825, - - 2014
The control of eating behaviours such as hunger and disinhibition is problematic for women during weight management. Higher-protein (HP) diets have been shown to promote greater weight reduction than higher-carbohydrate (HC) diets, but their impact on eating behaviours is relatively unexplored. This study compared two iso-energetically restricted (5,600 kJ/day) diets differing ...
Valitutti Francesco F *Pediatric Gastroenterology and Liver Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Umberto I †Department of Clinical Science, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome ‡First Department of Medicine, Fondazione Policlinico S. Matteo, University of Pavia, Pavia, - - 2014
Autoimmune enteropathy (AIE) is a rare cause of small bowel villous atrophy, characterized by malabsorption, unresponsiveness to dietary restriction, circulating autoantibodies to enterocytes, and an overall predisposition to autoimmunity. Albeit mainly regarded as a disease of early childhood, several adult-onset AIE cases have been identified. This report describes for the ...
Simko V - - 2014
Cholesterol (CH) is a vital component of cell membranes and of their function. It is entirely justified to warn against haphazard aggressive CH lowering, especially now, when more effective CH-modifying medications are entering the market. Enormous success in lowering the human toll of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD) by treating ...
Kluever Romo Lynsey - - 2013
Although romantic couples can use communication to help one another lose weight and maintain weight loss, the effect of weight loss on partner interaction is less understood. However, an examination of the interpersonal context in which partners manage their weight is important to help partners negotiate their weight, their relationship, ...
Farhat Grace - - 2013
Obesity remains a major public health challenge, and its prevalence is dramatically increasing. Diet and exercise are typically recommended to prevent and manage obesity; however, the results are often conflicting. Polyphenols, a class of phytochemicals that have been shown to reduce the risk factors for diabetes type II and cardiovascular ...
K Bailes Barbara - - 2013
Constipation is a common complaint in the general population, particularly among older adults. Patients present with infrequent bowel movements or difficulty passing stools. Management of this uncomfortable condition involves diet, fluid intake, and medications.
Adler S A - - 2013
Bulk tank milk from 28 dairy farms was sampled every second month for 2 yr to assess the effects of grassland management, production system and season on milk fatty acid (FA) composition, concentrations of fat-soluble vitamins, Se, and milk sensory quality. Grassland management varied in terms of time since establishment. ...
Donnelly J E - - 2013
Weight management for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) has received limited attention. Studies on weight management in this population have been conducted over short time frames, in small samples with inadequate statistical power, infrequently used a randomized design, and have not evaluated the use of emerging effective dietary ...
McKee Heather - - 2013
This study investigated the characteristics contributing to successful goal attainment of a weight-loss and a non-weight-loss goal simultaneously. Weight-loss and non-weight-loss goals, self-efficacy, persistence, temptations, intergoal interference and facilitation were measured via an online questionnaire (N = 103, Mage = 25.36 ± 6.9, 80% women). Weight-loss self-efficacy, persistence, temptations and ...
Okeoghene Ogbera A - - 2013
Notable lipid abnormalities in DM include elevated LDL-C which have been reported to be the prevalent lipid abnormality in DM and elevated total cholesterol levels. Although the Statins are widely used in the management of lipid abnormalities, their effects on the lipid abnormalities in Nigerians with DM has not been ...
Lambrinoudaki Irene - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing evidence that life-style factors, such as nutrition, physical activity, smoking and alcohol consumption have a profound modifying effect on the epidemiology of most major chronic conditions affecting midlife health. AIMS: To provide guidance concerning the effect of diet on morbidity and mortality of the most frequent ...
Tovey F I - - 2012
The prevalence of duodenal ulceration in regions of developing countries with a stable diet is related to the staple food(s) in that diet. A higher prevalence occurs in areas where the diet is principally milled rice, refined wheat or maize, yams, cassava, sweet potato or green bananas, and a lower ...
Veen Mario - - 2012
Although it is recognised that a gluten-free diet has many social implications for coeliac disease patients, not much is known about how such patients actually manage these implications in their everyday interactions. This article examines how dietary restrictions are treated by patients and their families. Data from recorded mealtime conversations ...
Klos Lori A - - 2012
Most adults marry at some point in life, and many invest substantial resources in a wedding ceremony. Previous research reports that brides often strive towards culturally-bound appearance norms and engage in weight management behaviors in preparation for their wedding, but little is known about wedding weight ideals and behaviors among ...
Deevska Gergana M - - 2012
The propensity of LDLs (low-density lipoproteins) for aggregation and/or oxidation has been linked to their sphingolipid content, specifically the levels of SM (sphingomyelin) and ceramide. To investigate this association in vivo, ldlr (LDL receptor)-null mice (ldlr-/-) were fed on a modified (atherogenic) diet containing saturated fats and cholesterol. The diet ...
Chang N K - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease due to atherosclerosis is a leading cause of death around the world, including Singapore. Current treatment strategies primarily target low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels. Low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and high triglyceride (TG) levels have been shown to increase the risk of coronary heart disease, but ...
Yang Clinton W - - 2012
Red Yeast Rice (RYR) is a traditional Chinese food that is fermented and obtained after red yeast (Monascus purpureus) is grown on rice. RYR contains Monacolin K (Lovastatin) and other active ingredients that are thought to play a role in the management of cholesterol levels. Recently, many clinical trials have ...
Kassel Karen M - - 2012
Thrombin generation is increased in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and in mouse models of diet-induced obesity. Deficiency in the thrombin receptor protease activated receptor-1 reduces hepatic inflammation and steatosis in mice fed a Western diet. However, it is currently unclear whether thrombin inhibitors can modify the pathogenesis ...
Khandelwal Alok R - - 2012
Restenosis is a critical complication of angioplasty and stenting. Restenosis is multifactorial, involving endothelial injury, inflammation, platelet activation, and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation. Thus, dietary strategies to prevent restenosis likely require the use of more than one agent. Resveratrol (R) and quercetin (Q) are polyphenols that are known ...
Yan Lin - - 2012
The hypothesis of the present study was that physical activity improves diet-induced obesity in young adult mice. Four-week-old male C57BL/6 mice (n=15/group) were fed the AIN93G diet or a 45% high-fat diet (% kJ) with or without access to in-cage activity wheels for 14 weeks. The high-fat diet increased percentage ...
Donmez Ayhan - - 2012
Data regarding effects of cholesterol levels on hematopoietic stem cell mobilization are limited. We retrospectively reviewed the relationship between serum total cholesterol levels and peripheral blood CD34 (PBCD34) cell counts in 52 granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) induced mobilization cycles with or without chemotherapy. The cholesterol levels between the poor ...
Zheng Ju-Sheng - - 2012
To elucidate whether consumption of two Chinese liquors, tea-flavor liquor (TFL) and traditional Chinese liquor (TCL) have protective effects on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in healthy human subjects. Forty-five healthy subjects (23 men, 22 women), aged 23-28, were recruited and randomized into two groups: TFL and TCL, and consumed ...
Qiang Zhiyi - - 2011
A study was conducted in hamsters to determine if artichoke leaf extract (ALE) could lower plasma total and non-HDL cholesterol by increasing fecal excretion of neutral bile acids and sterols. Sixty-four Golden Syrian hamsters (8 week old) were fed control diet or a similar diet containing ALE (4.5 g/kg diet) for 6 weeks. ...
Peyraud J L - - 2011
Grazed pasture, which is the cheapest source of nutrients for dairy cows, should form the basis of profitable and low-input animal production systems. Management of high-producing dairy cows at pasture is thus a major challenge in most countries. The objective of the present paper is to review the factors that ...
Rochell S J - - 2011
An experiment (3 trials) was conducted to determine the AME(n) of 15 corn co-products obtained from various wet and dry milling plants, and to develop prediction equations for AME(n) based on chemical composition. Co-products included distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS, n = 6), high-protein distillers dried grains (n = ...
McComsey Grace A - - 2011
We compare the effect of 4 different antiretroviral regimens on limb and visceral fat. A5224s was a substudy of A5202, a trial of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected, treatment-naive subjects randomized to blinded abacavir-lamivudine (ABC-3TC) or tenofovir DF-emtricitabine (TDF-FTC) with open-label efavirenz (EFV) or atazanavir-ritonavir (ATV-r). The primary endpoint ...
Ash Mark M - - 2011
The dietary impact of specific phytosterols incorporated into phytosterol fatty acid esters has not been elucidated. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that phytosterol esters containing different sterol moieties (sitosterol, sitostanol, or stigmasterol) but the same fatty acid moiety (stearic acid) produce different effects on cholesterol metabolism. Male Syrian hamsters were ...
Hermsdorff Helen Hermana M - - 2011
This study assessed the potential association of some proinflammatory markers with adiposity (total vs. central) and metabolic features in young adults. Measurements included body composition, lifestyle features, blood biochemical, and selected inflammatory indicators on 154 healthy subjects (53 M/101 F; 21.5 ± 3 years; 22.1 ± 2.6 kg/m(2)). Those subjects with higher waist circumference (WC) and ...
Fernández-Galilea Marta - - 2011
Lipoic acid (LA) is an antioxidant with therapeutic properties on several diseases like diabetes and obesity. Apelin is a novel adipokine with potential beneficial actions on glucose metabolism and insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to examine in 3T3-L1 adipocytes the effects of LA on apelin gene expression ...
Jung So-Ra - - 2011
Abstract Previous studies showed that feeding diets containing the mature fruits of Sophora japonica L. prevented body weight gain and reduced fat mass in high-fat diet-induced obese mice. This observation has led to the hypothesis that extracts from S. japonica L. may inhibit adipocyte differentiation of preadipocytes. To elucidate the ...
Solomon Matia B MB Department of Psychiatry, University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45267, United States. - - 2011
Stress preferentially increases the consumption of high fat foods in women, suggesting the interaction of these two factors may disproportionately predispose women toward excess weight gain. In the present study, female rats were exposed to a chronic high fat or chow diet and were exposed to 4weeks of chronic variable ...
Pefura Yone Eric Walter - - 2011
Data on lipid profile derangements induced by antiretroviral treatment in Africa are scarce. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of lipid profile derangements associated with first-line highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART) among Cameroonians living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. This cross-sectional study was ...
Cooper D A DA National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. - - 2011
The aim of the study was to compare the metabolic and morphological effects of enfuvirtide plus an optimized background (OB) regimen vs. OB alone (control group) in treatment-experienced patients in the T-20 vs. Optimized Regimen Only (TORO) studies. Body composition and metabolic changes were investigated in patients over 48 weeks, ...
Torrecillas Silvia - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of mannan oligosaccharides derived from the outer cell wall of a select strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Bio-Mos, Alltech Inc, USA) on mucus production, selected mucus immune parameters activity, gut morphology and in vivo and ex vivo gut bacterial translocation for ...
Nishiumi Shin - - 2010
To investigate the preventive effects of tea on hyperglycemia and insulin resistance, male C57BL/6J mice were given a high-fat diet containing 29% lard and also green or black tea ad libitum for 14 weeks. Both teas suppressed body weight gain and deposition of white adipose tissue caused by the diet. ...
Tschoner A - - 2012
Elevated plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) concentrations are a hallmark of obesity and are considered to contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease. As adipose tissue constitutes a major source for PAI-1 in obesity, we investigated the individual contribution of subcutaneous and intra-abdominal fat on PAI-1 concentrations during pronounced weight ...
Eguchi Yuichiro - - 2011
Our previous studies have indicated a close association between visceral fat accumulation and hepatic steatosis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study investigated whether visceral fat accumulation was related to the pathogenesis and disease progression of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)/NAFLD. First, a total of 550 subjects who underwent a health ...
Kwon Soyang - - 2010
This study aimed to examine combined and independent effects of cardiorespiratory fitness and fatness on cardiovascular risk factors among U.S. adolescents. Data from adolescents age 12 to 19 years participating in the NHANES 1999 to 2002 were used. Fitness level was determined by submaximal treadmill test and was dichotomized as ...
Howe Harold R HR 3rd Department of Biology, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine if a high-fat diet would result in a higher lipolytic rate in subcutaneous adipose tissue than a lower-fat diet in sedentary nonlean men. Six participants (healthy males; 18-40 years old; body mass index, 25-37 kg/m(2)) underwent 2 weeks on a high-fat or ...
Davis Jaimie N - - 2010
Recently, a genetic variant (rs738409; C→G) of the PNPLA3 gene was identified to be associated with increased hepatic fat deposition, and the effect was more pronounced in Hispanics. Animal models have also shown that PNPLA3 expression can be regulated by dietary carbohydrate. The aim of this study was to examine ...
Lagou Vasiliki - - 2011
The aim of the study is to investigate the influence of and interaction between lifestyle behaviors (diet and physical activity (PA)) and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in obesity-candidate genes (ADRB2, APOB and NOS3) on general and central adiposity. Six-hundred-and-twenty-one European-American (EA) and African-American (AA) youths aged 13-19 years were classified by ...
Tchoukalova Yourka D - - 2010
Body fat distribution is an important predictor of the metabolic consequences of obesity, but the cellular mechanisms regulating regional fat accumulation are unknown. We assessed the changes in adipocyte size (photomicrographs) and number in response to overfeeding in upper- and lower-body s.c. fat depots of 28 healthy, normal weight adults ...
Skouroliakou Maria - - 2010
To investigate the effects of a nutritional intervention on the body weight, body composition, blood glucose and lipid levels of obese postmenopausal women taking atypical antipsychotics in Greece. In a case-control design, 25 obese postmenopausal women treated with antipsychotic medications and 28 obese healthy comparisons were followed for 3 months. ...
Alderete Tanya L - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine interrelationships between insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs), and adiposity in 49 African-American and 77 Latino obese adolescents (15.3 ± 0.1 and 15.4 ± 0.2 years; BMI: 33.0 ± 0.7 and 35.0 ± 1.0 kg/m(2), respectively). Immunoradiometric assays were ...
Iwasa Motoh - - 2010
Aim:  To clarify the impact of visceral fat on chronic liver diseases such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and hepatitis C, we investigated the effects of lifestyle modifications on the amount of visceral fat, liver biochemistry and serum ferritin levels in patients with liver disease. Methods:  Eighty-two patients (NAFLD, ...
Cardel M M Department of Nutrition Sciences and the Nutrition and Obesity Research Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, - - 2011
Although differences in body composition parameters among African American (AA), Hispanic American (HA) and European American (EA) children are well documented, the factors underlying these differences are not completely understood. Environmental and genetic contributors have been evaluated as contributors to observed differences. This study evaluated the extent to which African ...
Hamagawa Kosuke - - 2010
Abdominal visceral fat plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome, which is a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). Ultrasonography (US) distinctively quantifies visceral fat and subcutaneous fat. We measured the maximum preperitoneal visceral fat thickness (Vmax) and the minimum subcutaneous fat thickness (Smin) by US ...
Schröder Helmut - - 2010
Increased waist circumference (WC), a surrogate measure for abdominal fat mass, is associated with higher cardiovascular risk not only in adults but also in youth. Identifying healthy dietary patterns that prevent abdominal fat accumulation is of paramount importance for public health. This study investigated the association between adherence to Mediterranean ...
Miyato Hideyo - - 2012
Body weight loss is a well-known complication after gastrectomy, and is mainly due to reduced fat volume. The effect of vagotomy on the postoperative fat volume was investigated in patients with early stage gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy. Subcutaneous fat area (SFA) and visceral fat area (VFA) were separately measured ...
Salinardi Taylor C - - 2010
Clinical studies have shown that the consumption of coffee mannooligosaccharides (MOS) decreases body fat, suggesting that MOS consumption may be useful for weight management. This study was undertaken to determine whether consumption of coffee MOS improves body composition when consumed as part of a weight-maintaining diet. In this double-blind, randomized, ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >