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Li Yiting Y a Department of Family Medicine , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , Michigan , - - 2014
The available evidence indicates that γ-tocopherol has more potential for colon cancer prevention than α-tocopherol, but little is known about the effects of foods and supplements on tocopherol levels in human colon. This study randomized 120 subjects at increased colon cancer risk to either a Mediterranean or a Healthy Eating ...
Anderson Robin C RC U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Southern Plains Agricultural Research Center, Food & Feed Safety Research Unit, 2881 F&B Road, College Station, Texas 77845, USA. - - 2014
Campylobacter bacteria are foodborne pathogens that can colonize the gut of food animals. Limited in their ability to ferment sugars, Campylobacter can derive energy for growth via amino acid catabolism. The objectives of the present studies were to test whether supplemental distillers grains containing high amounts of rumen-undegradable intake protein ...
Molnár A A Department of Animal Science and Animal Husbandry, Georgikon Faculty, University of Pannonia, Keszthely, - - 2014
To evaluate the impact of diet composition on colonization dynamics of C. jejuni and on related physiological parameters in the chicken intestine. A total of 54 one day-old Ross-308 broiler chicks were randomly divided into three isocaloric and isonitrogenous dietary groups: maize-based (MB), wheat-based (WB) diet and wheat-based diet with ...
Goodrich Katheryn M - - 2014
Metabolism of flavanols (catechins, procyanidins) by gut microbiota has been extensively characterized. Comparatively little is known about accumulation of flavanols and their metabolites in the colon tissues, particularly during chronic exposure to low doses. Mice were fed low doses of cocoa flavanols for 12 weeks. Supplementation of the control diet ...
Tao Shiyu - - 2014
BackgroundIn ruminants, lower ruminal pH causes massive disruption of ruminal epithelial structure during periods of feeding high-concentrate diets. However, the influence of excessive organic fatty acids in the lumen of hindgut on the epithelial structure is unclear. In this study, twelve mid-lactating goats were randomly assigned to either a HC ...
Shepherd Susan J SJ aDepartment of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, La Trobe University, Bundoora bShepherd Works P/L, Box Hill North cDepartment of Gastroenterology, Northern Hospital, Epping, Victoria, - - 2014
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a condition affecting approximately 10-15% of Western populations. The Rome III criteria are applied to many studies to validate the diagnosis of IBS. The low fermentable oligo, di, monosaccharides and polyol (FODMAP) diet has been the subject of many robust clinical trials and is now ...
Plaizier J C JC University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada, R3R 3N2. Electronic address: - - 2014
Effects of duration of grain feeding on the concentration of endotoxic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in digesta throughout the digestive tract and on acute phase proteins and LPS in peripheral blood were determined in Holstein yearling calves. Twenty-five Holstein yearling steer calves received either a forage-based diet containing 92% hay and 8% ...
Kim Yun-Ji YJ Department of Food and Nutrition, Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, - - 2014
This study determined the efficacy of CA for suppressing colon carcinogenesis associated with excess adiposity. Cell growth regulation by CA was evaluated in HT-29 colon adenocarcinoma cells co-cultured with 3T3L1 adipocytes. To determine the in vivo efficacies, male A/J mice were divided into four groups and fed one of the ...
Lakoff Alanna A From the Departments of Nutritional Sciences (AL, PBP, and DLO), Radiology (BC), and Paediatrics (PBP), University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; The Research Institute, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada (AL, SA, BC, PBP, and DLO); CDC, Atlanta, GA (ZF and CMP); and the Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL - - 2014
Folate intakes that do not meet or greatly exceed requirements may be associated with negative health outcomes. A better understanding of contributors that influence the input side will help establish dietary guidance that ensures health benefits without associated risks. Colonic microbiota produce large quantities of folate, and [(13)C5]5-formyltetrahydrofolate infused during ...
Alava Pradeep P Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry and Applied Ecochemistry, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, 9000 Gent, - - 2014
Arsenic (As) is an important contaminant present in food and water. Several studies have indicated that the occurrence of As based skin lesions is significantly different when root and gourd rich diets are consumed compared to meat rich diets. Additionally, urinary As speciation from orally exposed individuals appears to depend ...
Nseir William W William Nseir, Elias Hellou, Department of Internal Medicine, EMMS, The Nazareth Hospital, Nazareth 16100, - - 2014
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become one of the most common causes of liver disease worldwide and has been recognized as a major health burden. The prevalence of NAFLD has grown proportionally with the rise in obesity, sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy dietary pattern, and metabolic syndrome. Currently, there is no ...
Degirolamo Chiara C IRCCS Oncologico Giovanni Paolo II Bari, - - 2014
The intestine plays a pivotal role in cholesterol homeostasis by functioning as absorptive and secretory organ in the reverse cholesterol transport pathway. Enterocytes control cholesterol absorption, apo-lipoprotein AI synthesis, high density lipoprotein (HDL) biogenesis and non-biliary cholesterol fecal disposal. Thus, intestine-based therapeutic interventions may hold promise in the management of ...
Jialal I I Laboratory of Atherosclerosis and Metabolic Research, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, and Department of Internal Medicine, University of California at Davis, Davis, California, - - 2014
The deposition of cholesterol in the arterial wall by the infiltration of low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) is a key step in the development of atherosclerosis. In this Commentary, we discuss recent recommendations for clinical laboratory measurement of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and its utility both for assessing cardiovascular disease risk and ...
Caimari Antoni A Centre Tecnològic de Nutrició i Salut (CTNS), TECNIO, CEICS. Avinguda Universitat, 1, 43204 Reus, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2015
The effects on lipid and glucose metabolism of a hazelnut skin extract (FIBEROX™) administrated during 8weeks (HFD-FBX8w group) or during the last 4weeks of the study (HFD-FBX4w group) to Golden Syrian hamsters fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 8weeks were investigated. FIBEROX™ consumption reversed the increase in total and LDL ...
Moriel P P North Carolina State University, Mountain Research Station, Waynesville, - - 2014
Brahman x British crossbred heifers (n = 40 and 38 heifers in yr 1 and 2, respectively) were used to evaluate the effects of calf weaning age and subsequent management system on growth and reproductive performance. On d 0, heifers were ranked by BW (89 ± 16 kg) and age ...
Cheng Hoi Lun HL Discipline of Exercise and Sport Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, P.O. Box 170, Lidcombe, NSW, 1825, - - 2014
The control of eating behaviours such as hunger and disinhibition is problematic for women during weight management. Higher-protein (HP) diets have been shown to promote greater weight reduction than higher-carbohydrate (HC) diets, but their impact on eating behaviours is relatively unexplored. This study compared two iso-energetically restricted (5,600 kJ/day) diets differing ...
Valitutti Francesco F *Pediatric Gastroenterology and Liver Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Umberto I †Department of Clinical Science, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome ‡First Department of Medicine, Fondazione Policlinico S. Matteo, University of Pavia, Pavia, - - 2014
Autoimmune enteropathy (AIE) is a rare cause of small bowel villous atrophy, characterized by malabsorption, unresponsiveness to dietary restriction, circulating autoantibodies to enterocytes, and an overall predisposition to autoimmunity. Albeit mainly regarded as a disease of early childhood, several adult-onset AIE cases have been identified. This report describes for the ...
Simko V - - 2014
Cholesterol (CH) is a vital component of cell membranes and of their function. It is entirely justified to warn against haphazard aggressive CH lowering, especially now, when more effective CH-modifying medications are entering the market. Enormous success in lowering the human toll of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD) by treating ...
Vegezzi Gaia G CURE Digestive Diseases Research Center, Digestive Diseases Division, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of - - 2014
Bitter taste receptors and signaling molecules, which detect bitter taste in the mouth, are expressed in the gut mucosa. In this study, we tested whether two distinct bitter taste receptors, the bitter taste receptor 138 (T2R138), selectively activated by isothiocyanates, and the broadly tuned bitter taste receptor 108 (T2R108) are ...
Almeida Morais Carina C Programa de Pós-Graduação Interdisciplinar em Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Santos, SP, - - 2014
Maternal intake of trans-fatty acids (TFAs) in the perinatal period triggers a proinflammatory state in offspring. Anthocyanins contained in fruit are promising modulators of inflammation. This study investigated the effect of Jussara supplementation in the maternal diet on the proinflammatory state of the colon in offspring exposed to perinatal TFAs. ...
Glenn Andrea J AJ Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3E2, Canada. - - 2014
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an idiopathic disease that can impair bone metabolism. Low vitamin D status has been implicated in its progress. This study used interleukin (IL)-10 knockout (KO) mice, that develop an intestinal inflammation when housed in a non-sterile environment, to determine if supplementation with vitamin D3 throughout ...
Freitas Gomides Antônio Frederico AF Department of General Biology. Federal University of Viçosa, MG. Brazil. - - 2014
Studies have shown fibers to be effective in reducing the appearance of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) in rodents. Objective: The goal of this study was to investigate the preventive effects of fructooligosaccharide (FOS) and inulin prebiotics on the appearance of ACF in mice. Materials and Methods: The techniques used were: ...
Kluever Romo Lynsey - - 2013
Although romantic couples can use communication to help one another lose weight and maintain weight loss, the effect of weight loss on partner interaction is less understood. However, an examination of the interpersonal context in which partners manage their weight is important to help partners negotiate their weight, their relationship, ...
Farhat Grace - - 2013
Obesity remains a major public health challenge, and its prevalence is dramatically increasing. Diet and exercise are typically recommended to prevent and manage obesity; however, the results are often conflicting. Polyphenols, a class of phytochemicals that have been shown to reduce the risk factors for diabetes type II and cardiovascular ...
K Bailes Barbara - - 2013
Constipation is a common complaint in the general population, particularly among older adults. Patients present with infrequent bowel movements or difficulty passing stools. Management of this uncomfortable condition involves diet, fluid intake, and medications.
Adler S A - - 2013
Bulk tank milk from 28 dairy farms was sampled every second month for 2 yr to assess the effects of grassland management, production system and season on milk fatty acid (FA) composition, concentrations of fat-soluble vitamins, Se, and milk sensory quality. Grassland management varied in terms of time since establishment. ...
Donnelly J E JE Cardiovascular Research Institute, Division of Internal Medicine, The University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA. - - 2013
Weight management for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) has received limited attention. Studies on weight management in this population have been conducted over short time frames, in small samples with inadequate statistical power, infrequently used a randomized design, and have not evaluated the use of emerging effective dietary ...
McKee Heather - - 2013
This study investigated the characteristics contributing to successful goal attainment of a weight-loss and a non-weight-loss goal simultaneously. Weight-loss and non-weight-loss goals, self-efficacy, persistence, temptations, intergoal interference and facilitation were measured via an online questionnaire (N = 103, Mage = 25.36 ± 6.9, 80% women). Weight-loss self-efficacy, persistence, temptations and ...
Okeoghene Ogbera A - - 2013
Notable lipid abnormalities in DM include elevated LDL-C which have been reported to be the prevalent lipid abnormality in DM and elevated total cholesterol levels. Although the Statins are widely used in the management of lipid abnormalities, their effects on the lipid abnormalities in Nigerians with DM has not been ...
Lambrinoudaki Irene - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing evidence that life-style factors, such as nutrition, physical activity, smoking and alcohol consumption have a profound modifying effect on the epidemiology of most major chronic conditions affecting midlife health. AIMS: To provide guidance concerning the effect of diet on morbidity and mortality of the most frequent ...
Tovey F I - - 2012
The prevalence of duodenal ulceration in regions of developing countries with a stable diet is related to the staple food(s) in that diet. A higher prevalence occurs in areas where the diet is principally milled rice, refined wheat or maize, yams, cassava, sweet potato or green bananas, and a lower ...
Veen Mario - - 2012
Although it is recognised that a gluten-free diet has many social implications for coeliac disease patients, not much is known about how such patients actually manage these implications in their everyday interactions. This article examines how dietary restrictions are treated by patients and their families. Data from recorded mealtime conversations ...
Klos Lori A - - 2012
Most adults marry at some point in life, and many invest substantial resources in a wedding ceremony. Previous research reports that brides often strive towards culturally-bound appearance norms and engage in weight management behaviors in preparation for their wedding, but little is known about wedding weight ideals and behaviors among ...
Deevska Gergana M - - 2012
The propensity of LDLs (low-density lipoproteins) for aggregation and/or oxidation has been linked to their sphingolipid content, specifically the levels of SM (sphingomyelin) and ceramide. To investigate this association in vivo, ldlr (LDL receptor)-null mice (ldlr-/-) were fed on a modified (atherogenic) diet containing saturated fats and cholesterol. The diet ...
Chang N K - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease due to atherosclerosis is a leading cause of death around the world, including Singapore. Current treatment strategies primarily target low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels. Low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and high triglyceride (TG) levels have been shown to increase the risk of coronary heart disease, but ...
Yang Clinton W - - 2012
Red Yeast Rice (RYR) is a traditional Chinese food that is fermented and obtained after red yeast (Monascus purpureus) is grown on rice. RYR contains Monacolin K (Lovastatin) and other active ingredients that are thought to play a role in the management of cholesterol levels. Recently, many clinical trials have ...
Kassel Karen M - - 2012
Thrombin generation is increased in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and in mouse models of diet-induced obesity. Deficiency in the thrombin receptor protease activated receptor-1 reduces hepatic inflammation and steatosis in mice fed a Western diet. However, it is currently unclear whether thrombin inhibitors can modify the pathogenesis ...
Khandelwal Alok R - - 2012
Restenosis is a critical complication of angioplasty and stenting. Restenosis is multifactorial, involving endothelial injury, inflammation, platelet activation, and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation. Thus, dietary strategies to prevent restenosis likely require the use of more than one agent. Resveratrol (R) and quercetin (Q) are polyphenols that are known ...
Yan Lin - - 2012
The hypothesis of the present study was that physical activity improves diet-induced obesity in young adult mice. Four-week-old male C57BL/6 mice (n=15/group) were fed the AIN93G diet or a 45% high-fat diet (% kJ) with or without access to in-cage activity wheels for 14 weeks. The high-fat diet increased percentage ...
Donmez Ayhan - - 2012
Data regarding effects of cholesterol levels on hematopoietic stem cell mobilization are limited. We retrospectively reviewed the relationship between serum total cholesterol levels and peripheral blood CD34 (PBCD34) cell counts in 52 granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) induced mobilization cycles with or without chemotherapy. The cholesterol levels between the poor ...
Zheng Ju-Sheng - - 2012
To elucidate whether consumption of two Chinese liquors, tea-flavor liquor (TFL) and traditional Chinese liquor (TCL) have protective effects on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in healthy human subjects. Forty-five healthy subjects (23 men, 22 women), aged 23-28, were recruited and randomized into two groups: TFL and TCL, and consumed ...
Tousen Yuko Y Department of Food Function and Labeling , National Institute of Health and Nutrition , Tokyo , Japan ; Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human Health, Massey University , Palmerston North , New - - 2012
Equol is a metabolite of the isoflavone daidzein (Dz) and is produced by the bacterial microflora in the distal intestine and colon. Some epidemiological studies have reported an association between increased equol production and intakes of green tea or dietary fibre, which are ingredients of the standard Japanese diet. We ...
Qiang Zhiyi - - 2011
A study was conducted in hamsters to determine if artichoke leaf extract (ALE) could lower plasma total and non-HDL cholesterol by increasing fecal excretion of neutral bile acids and sterols. Sixty-four Golden Syrian hamsters (8 week old) were fed control diet or a similar diet containing ALE (4.5 g/kg diet) for 6 weeks. ...
Peyraud J L - - 2011
Grazed pasture, which is the cheapest source of nutrients for dairy cows, should form the basis of profitable and low-input animal production systems. Management of high-producing dairy cows at pasture is thus a major challenge in most countries. The objective of the present paper is to review the factors that ...
Rochell S J - - 2011
An experiment (3 trials) was conducted to determine the AME(n) of 15 corn co-products obtained from various wet and dry milling plants, and to develop prediction equations for AME(n) based on chemical composition. Co-products included distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS, n = 6), high-protein distillers dried grains (n = ...
McComsey Grace A - - 2011
We compare the effect of 4 different antiretroviral regimens on limb and visceral fat. A5224s was a substudy of A5202, a trial of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected, treatment-naive subjects randomized to blinded abacavir-lamivudine (ABC-3TC) or tenofovir DF-emtricitabine (TDF-FTC) with open-label efavirenz (EFV) or atazanavir-ritonavir (ATV-r). The primary endpoint ...
Ash Mark M - - 2011
The dietary impact of specific phytosterols incorporated into phytosterol fatty acid esters has not been elucidated. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that phytosterol esters containing different sterol moieties (sitosterol, sitostanol, or stigmasterol) but the same fatty acid moiety (stearic acid) produce different effects on cholesterol metabolism. Male Syrian hamsters were ...
Hermsdorff Helen Hermana M - - 2011
This study assessed the potential association of some proinflammatory markers with adiposity (total vs. central) and metabolic features in young adults. Measurements included body composition, lifestyle features, blood biochemical, and selected inflammatory indicators on 154 healthy subjects (53 M/101 F; 21.5 ± 3 years; 22.1 ± 2.6 kg/m(2)). Those subjects with higher waist circumference (WC) and ...
Fernández-Galilea Marta - - 2011
Lipoic acid (LA) is an antioxidant with therapeutic properties on several diseases like diabetes and obesity. Apelin is a novel adipokine with potential beneficial actions on glucose metabolism and insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to examine in 3T3-L1 adipocytes the effects of LA on apelin gene expression ...
Jung So-Ra - - 2011
Abstract Previous studies showed that feeding diets containing the mature fruits of Sophora japonica L. prevented body weight gain and reduced fat mass in high-fat diet-induced obese mice. This observation has led to the hypothesis that extracts from S. japonica L. may inhibit adipocyte differentiation of preadipocytes. To elucidate the ...
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