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Jo Se Yeon SY Department of Food and Nutrition, and Kimchi Research Center, Chosun University, 309 Pilmun-daero, Dong-gu, Gwangju, 501-759, Republic of - - 2014
The hypocholesterolemic effects of lactic acid bacteria and kimchi have been demonstrated previously. However, the kimchi fermentation process still relies on naturally present microorganisms. To obtain the functional kimchi with consistent quality, we validated the capacity of Leuconostoc kimchii GJ2 as a starter culture to control kimchi fermentation. Moreover, cholesterol-lowering ...
Svelander Cecilia C Food Science, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, - - 2014
The aim was to compare postprandial lipid, insulin and vitamin D responses after consumption of three otherwise identical meals served either with baked herring, pickled herring or with baked, minced beef. Seventeen healthy, overweight men (mean age 58 years, BMI 26.4-29.5 kg/m(2)) consumed standardized lunches together with baked herring, pickled herring or ...
Gravador R S RS 1Di3A,Sezione di Scienze delle Produzioni Animali,University of Catania,Via Valdisavoia 5,95123 - - 2014
This study was conducted to determine the effects of feeding olive cake and linseed to lambs on the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in raw and cooked meat. Four groups of eight male Appenninica lambs each were fed: conventional cereal-based concentrates (diet C), concentrates containing 20% on a dry matter (DM) ...
Fredin S M SM Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison - - 2014
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of corn-based dietary starch content and source of neutral detergent fiber (NDF) on lactation performance, nutrient digestion, bacterial protein flow, and ruminal parameters in lactating dairy cows. Eight ruminally cannulated multiparous Holstein cows averaging 193 ± 11 d in milk were randomly ...
Beck Bo Ram BR School of Life Science, Handong University, Pohang 791-708, Republic of - - 2014
The effects of a dietary probiotic mixture containing Lactococcus (Lc.) lactis BFE920 isolated from bean sprout and autochthonous Lactobacillus (Lb.) plantarum FGL0001 originally isolated from the hindgut of olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) were investigated for the purpose of improving the probiotic effects of Lc. lactis BFE920 on the olive flounder. ...
Aguilar David D Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, 3624 Horsebarn Road Ext, U 4017, Storrs, CT 6269, - - 2014
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a high cholesterol (HC) dietary challenge on cholesterol tissue accumulation, inflammation, adipocyte differentiation, and macrophage infiltration in guinea pigs. A second objective was to assess whether macronutrient manipulation would reverse these metabolic alterations. Male Hartley guinea pigs (10/group) ...
Ranucci D D Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Perugia, via San Costanzo 4, 06126 Perugia, - - 2014
The effects of a pre-formulated commercial plant extract mix, composed of equal parts of oregano essential oil and sweet chestnut wood extract, on performance, oxidative status and pork quality traits were evaluated. In two 155-d studies, 60 pigs (mean live weight: 42.9kg) were assigned to either a control diet (CTR) ...
Ribeiro T T a CIISA, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária , Universidade de Lisboa, Pólo Universitário do Alto da Ajuda , Av. da Universidade Técnica, 1300-477 Lisboa , - - 2014
Abstract 1. Chicken breast meat is a lean meat due to its low content of intramuscular fat (IMF) resulting in an overall lower acceptability by consumers due to a decrease in juiciness, flavour and increased chewiness. Recently, studies performed in pigs suggested the possibility of increasing IMF by decreasing dietary ...
Tokudome Shinkan S Department of Public Health, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya, Japan; National Institute of Health and Nutrition, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan; Social Welfare Institutions Seizanri-kai, Biwajima Care Center, Nishi-ku, Nagoya, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To address preventive effects of n-3 PUFAs/LC n-3 PUFAs on CRTs, a randomized controlled trial was conducted. One-hundred four experimental group participants were advised to increase intake of n-3 PUFAs, including fish/shell fish, fish oil supplements and perilla oils, and to decrease consumption of n-6 PUFAs and fats/oils as a ...
Oboh G G Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals Unit, Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Technology Akure, P.M.B. 704, Akure 340001, Nigeria. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sandpaper [Ficus exasperata Vahl (Moraceae)] leaf has been reportedly used in folklore for the management/treatment of cardiovascular diseases with little/or no scientific basis for their action. This study sought to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of sandpaper leaf on angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) activity in hypercholesterolemia as well as ...
Villarroya Joan J Departament de Bioquimica i Biologia Molecular, Institut de Biomedicina de la Universitat de Barcelona (IBUB), University of Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFA) in the diet protect against insulin resistance and obesity. Fibroblast growth factor-21 (Fgf21) is a hormonal factor released mainly by the liver that has powerful anti-diabetic effects. Here, we tested whether the beneficial metabolic effects of LC n-3 PUFA involve the induction ...
Rahman Md Moshiur MM Centre for Evolutionary Biology, School of Animal Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, 6009 Western Australia, - - 2014
The health benefits of diets containing rich sources of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFA) are well documented and include reductions in the risk of several diseases typical of Western societies. The dietary intake of n-3 LC-PUFA has also been linked to fertility, and there is abundant evidence that ...
Guelzim N N INRA, UMR914 Nutrition Physiology and Ingestive Behavior, AgroParisTech, 16 rue Claude Bernard, F-75005 Paris, France; AgroParisTech, UMR914 Nutrition Physiology and Ingestive Behavior, F-75005 Paris, - - 2014
The hypothesis that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) could contribute to maintain muscle mass during energy restriction aiming to weight loss was tested in the rat, with special attention paid to insulin signalling. After 10 weeks on a diet rich in lipids and sucrose, male rats were energy restricted and ...
Griffo E E Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University, Naples, - - 2014
Postprandial lipid abnormalities are considered an independent cardiovascular risk factor. Hence, it is important to find nutritional strategies that are able to positively influence these abnormalities. Since the effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and polyphenols on postprandial lipids in humans is still under debate, we evaluated the acute ...
Karam P E PE Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, - - 2014
Limited data exist so far on cardiovascular disease biomarkers in patients maintained on a protein-restricted diet for inborn errors of protein metabolism. The present study aimed to analyse plasma cholesterol, lipoproteins, triglycerides and total homocysteine in patients with various inborn errors of protein metabolism in comparison with healthy controls. A ...
Tao Shiyu S Key Laboratory of Animal Physiology & Biochemistry, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, - - 2014
It is widely accepted that lipopolysaccharide and volatile fatty acids (VFA) accumulate in the digestive tract of ruminants fed diets containing high portions of grain. Compared to the ruminal epithelium, the hindgut epithelium is composed of a monolayer structure that is more "leaky" for lipopolysaccharide and susceptible to organic acid-induced ...
McKnight Leslie L LL Centre for Nutrition Modelling , Department of Animal and Poultry Science , University of Guelph , 50 Stone Road East , Guelph , Ontario , Canada N1G - - 2014
The present study aimed to determine the effects of mannoheptulose (MH) (8 mg/kg) on energy expenditure (EE), respiratory quotient (RQ) and glycaemic response in healthy adult Beagle dogs (n 8; 9·62 (sem 0·31) kg; body condition score 4·5). The study was designed as replicated 4 × 4 Latin squares with a 2 × 2 factorial ...
Dong Guozhong G College of Animal Science and Technology, and Key Laboratory of Grass and Herbivores of Chongqing, Southwest University, Beibei, Chongqing, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of feeding a high-concentrate corn straw (HCS) diet (65% concentrate+35% corn straw) on the epigenetic changes in the mammary tissue of dairy cows in comparison with a low-concentrate corn straw (LCS) diet (46% concentrate+54% corn straw) and with a low-concentrate ...
Drewnowski Adam A Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, Box 353410. - - 2014
The possibility that low-calorie sweeteners (LCS) promote lower quality diets and, therefore, weight gain has been noted as a cause for concern. Data from a representative sample of 22,231 adults were obtained from five cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2008 NHANES). A single 24-hour recall was ...
Handa Keiko K Third Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Mitaka, Tokyo, - - 2014
We investigated long-term effects of low carbohydrate diets on wild type mice, streptozotocin-injected and KKAy obese diabetic mice. These mice were pair-fed three different types of diets, standard chow (SC, C∶P∶F = 63∶15∶22), a low carbohydrate (LC, C∶P∶F = 38∶25∶37) diet and a severely carbohydrate restricted (SR, C∶P∶F = 18∶45∶37) diet for 16 weeks. Despite comparable ...
Jallinoja Piia P National Consumer Research Centre (from 1.1.2015 onwards Consumer Society Research Center, University of Helsinki), Helsinki, Finland; - - 2014
Background: Low-carbohydrate (LC) diets have gained substantial media coverage in many Western countries. Little is, however, known about the characteristics of their followers. Objective: The article analyses how those who report following an LC diet differ from the rest of the population in their background, food choices, weight reduction status, ...
Keogh Ruth H - - 2013
Nutritional epidemiology relies largely on self-reported measures of dietary intake, errors in which give biased estimated diet-disease associations. Self-reported measurements come from questionnaires and food records. Unbiased biomarkers are scarce; however, surrogate biomarkers, which are correlated with intake but not unbiased, can also be useful. It is important to quantify ...
Hernando Diego D Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA. - - 2013
To investigate R2* mapping robustness in the presence of fat using in-phase echoes, without and with spectral modeling of fat (single-peak and multipeak models, respectively), using varying numbers of echoes. Data from 88 volunteers (men/women: 52/36, ages: 55.4 ± 12.2) were randomly chosen according to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) liver ...
Melfsen A - - 2012
Knowledge of daily milk composition changes can assist in monitoring dairy cow health and can help to detect nutritional imbalances. An analytical tool offering the possibility of analyzing milk during the daily milking routine would provide such information. Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy can analyze multiple constituents in a given substrate at ...
Chen Hui-Feng - - 2012
Brain docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) accumulates rapidly during brain development and is essential for normal neurological function. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether brain development was the critical period in which DHA deficiency leads to dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in response to stress later in ...
Peleg-Raibstein Daria - - 2012
The maternal environment has a significant role in the normal development of the fetus and may have long-term impact on brain development including critical central pathways such as the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), serotonergic and the neurotrophin systems. For example, maternal malnutrition plays an important role in programming many aspects of ...
Brown Kirsty - - 2012
We have found following errors in paper [1] which has been published in Nutrients, the following references should be cited as.
Brown Kirsty - - 2012
We have found following errors in paper [1] which has been published in Nutrients, the following references should be cited as.
Krzystek-Korpacka Malgorzata - - 2011
Abstract Background: Hyperuricemia may underlie obesity and related disorders, but the impact of weight reduction and metformin on serum uric acid (sUA) in Caucasian children/adolescents is unknown. Methods: One hundred and thirteen children/adolescents were enrolled (83 completed) into 1-year weight reduction program (diet+exercise) without or with metformin. Anthropometric and biochemical ...
Johnson Catherine D - - 2011
Dietary bioactive components that play a role in improving skeletal health have received considerable attention in complementary and alternative medicine practices as a result of their increased efficacy to combat chronic diseases. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the additive or synergistic effects of dried plum and fructooligosaccharides ...
Bell K M - - 2010
Dietary isoflavones are associated with oestrogenic and anti-oestrogenic effects, and have been linked to infertility in cheetahs. This study aimed to determine the isoflavone content of commercially prepared diets consumed by captive cheetahs. Sixteen international zoological facilities provided diets, and the isoflavone content of each diet was determined by acid ...
Mackedanz Vanize - - 2011
In the present study we investigated the effect of ovariectomy on some parameters of energy metabolism, namely Na(+),K(+)-ATPase and pyruvate kinase activities, as well as the mitochondrial respiratory chain enzymes activities succinate dehydrogenase, complex II and cytochrome c oxidase in rat striatum. The influence of soy diet rich in isoflavones ...
Kaplan J R - - 2010
Psychological stress may impair premenopausal ovarian function and contribute to risk for chronic disease. Soy isoflavones may also influence ovarian function and affect health. Here, we report the effects of a psychological stressor (subordinate social status) and dietary soy on reproductive function and related health indices in female monkeys. We ...
Ogborn Malcolm R - - 2010
Soy diet ameliorates renal injury in the Han:SPRD-cy rat. The relative roles of protein, isoflavones and changes in polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status are not determined. We fed male Han:SPRD-cy heterozygotes casein (C), high isoflavone soy protein (HIS), alcohol-extracted low isoflavone soy protein (LIS) or mixed soy protein diet (MIS). ...
Cheatwood Joseph L - - 2011
Stroke is a leading cause of lasting disability. Dietary strategies aimed at increasing post-stroke outcomes are lifestyle alterations which could be easily implemented by people at risk of occlusive stroke. Soy diets have been demonstrated to provide some benefits in the short term following stroke, but longer time periods have ...
Jaarin K - - 2010
Consumption of heated edible oils may be harmful. The present study aimed to observe the histological changes due to concurrent consumption of soy oil (either fresh or heated) and fatty diet and the changes in the level of alanine transaminase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). Forty female Spraque-Dawley rats were ...
Beasley Jeannette M - - 2010
Effective dietary intervention strategies that can be widely disseminated and have the potential for sustainable dietary modifications are needed. The purpose of this study was to describe and evaluate the effectiveness of a telephone-based soy intervention. A randomized controlled trial comparing self-reported intake and serum measures of soy during a ...
Appt Susan E SE Department of Pathology/Comparative Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA. - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the relationships among dietary protein source, cardiovascular risk, reproductive hormones, and ovarian aging. Adult female cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) were assigned randomly to one of two diets containing saturated fat and cholesterol, differing only by protein source: (1) casein-lactalbumin (n = 29) ...
Beavers Kristen M - - 2010
Alterations in plasma cholesterol concentrations, especially increases in low-density lipoprotein (LDL), are well-known risk factors in the development of atherosclerosis. Numerous studies have examined the lipid-lowering effects of functional soy-containing foods, but few have specifically examined soymilk, with equivocal findings reported. In September 2008, a single-blind, randomized, controlled trial was ...
Wuttke Wolfgang - - 2010
Soy- or red clover- derived products containing isoflavones have been amply studied in climacteric and postmenopausal women, and confusing contradicting results have been published. The beneficial effects on climacteric complaints, cholesterol and the development of osteoporosis are marginally at best and there are no uterine and mammary safety studies. In ...
Ishimi Yoshiko - - 2010
Equol binds to the estrogen receptor with greater affinity than its precursor, daidzein, an isoflavone found in soybeans. Inter-individual differences in the ability to produce equol may lead to differential effects of isoflavone intervention on human health. Here, we review previously published work from our laboratory on equol producer status ...
Frigolet Maria E - - 2011
Obesity is associated with an increase in adipose tissue mass due to an imbalance between high dietary energy intake and low physical activity; however, the type of dietary protein may contribute to its development. The aim of the present work was to study the effect of soy protein versus casein ...
Christie Daniel R - - 2010
We sought to determine the effect of daily soy supplementation on abdominal fat, glucose metabolism, and circulating inflammatory markers and adipokines in obese, postmenopausal Caucasian and African American women. In a double-blinded controlled trial, 39 postmenopausal women were randomized to soy supplementation or to a casein placebo without isoflavones. In ...
Matvienko Oksana A - - 2010
One of the multiple health benefits of soy protein or its isoflavones may be their purported favorable effect on body composition. We examined the effect of isoflavones extracted from soy protein on overall and regional body composition, taking into account appetitive hormones as potential mediators, as well as the direct ...
Kim Jihye - - 2010
Little is known about the bioavailability of isoflavones in children. Previous studies have shown that children excrete more isoflavone in urine compared with adults. Thus we examined the relationship between usual dietary isoflavone intake and the urinary excretion of isoflavonoids in Korean girls of pubertal age. Twelve girls each were ...
M?ller Frank Josef - - 2010
The outcome of long-term exposure to dietary isoflavones on estrogen sensitive tissues is discussed controversially. We performed a study on tissue specific effects of lifelong isoflavone exposure on the rat uterus with exposure being initiated prenatally. We compare the effects of the dietary isoflavones, genistein (GEN) and daidzein, or GEN ...
Hooshmand Shirin - - 2010
We have reported that soy isoflavones are capable of preventing loss of bone mineral density (BMD) in rats due to ovariectomy. The intestinal microflora is important in rendering soy isoflavones bioavailability by facilitating their conversion to equol. Hence, substances that can modulate the intestinal microflora could affect the bioavailability of ...
Byun Jae Soon - - 2010
Soy isoflavones have been reported to decrease the risk of atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women. However, the effects of dietary consumption of soybean have not been explored. In this study, we evaluated the effects of consuming yellow soybeans, black soybeans (Glycine max), or sword beans (Canavalia gladiate) on lipid and oxidative ...
Guo Kaiping - - 2010
Previous studies have suggested that daidzein's metabolites, equol and O-desmethylangolensin (O-DMA), rather than daidzein itself may contribute to the beneficial effects of soya foods in the prevention of CVD. The present study aims to assess the proportion of equol and O-DMA producers, and to compare differences in anthropometric factors, serum ...
Schreihofer Derek A DA Department of Physiology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA 30912-3000, USA. - - 2010
High soy (HS) diets are neuroprotective and promote vascular dilatation in the periphery. We hypothesized that an HS diet would promote vascular dilatation in the cerebrovasculature by mimicking estradiol's actions on the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) system including increasing eNOS expression and decreasing caveolin-1 expression to increase nitric oxide ...
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